keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Multilingualism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160384/current-use-and-acceptability-of-novel-diagnostic-tests-for-active-tuberculosis-a-worldwide-survey
#1
Massimo Amicosante, Lia D'Ambrosio, Marcela Munoz, Fernanda Carvalho de Queiroz Mello, Marc Tebruegge, Novel Njweipi Chegou, Fouad Seghrouchni, Rosella Centis, Delia Goletti, Graham Bothamley, Giovanni Battista Migliori
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current use and potential acceptance (by tuberculosis experts worldwide) of novel rapid tests for the diagnosis of tuberculosis that are in line with World Health Organization target product profiles. METHODS: A multilingual survey was disseminated online between July and November of 2016. RESULTS: A total of 723 individuals from 114 countries responded to the survey. Smear microscopy was the most commonly used rapid tuberculosis test (available to 90...
September 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124953/bilingualism-a-human-right-in-times-of-anxiety-lessons-from-california
#2
Gabriela Simon-Cereijido
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights refers to the individual's right of expression without interference, "through any media and regardless of frontiers". Currently, in some nations across the world, there is decreasing interest in cross-cultural interactions and a new interest in nationalism and assimilation, in communication within frontiers and in a specific medium: the national language. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) advocate for individuals with communication disorders that interfere with their comprehension and expression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113753/best-practices-for-online-canadian-prenatal-health-promotion-a-public-health-approach
#3
Rebecca A Chedid, Rowan M Terrell, Karen P Phillips
BACKGROUND: Prenatal health promotion provides information regarding pregnancy risks, protective behaviours and clinical and community resources. Typically, women obtain prenatal health information from health care providers, prenatal classes, peers/family, media and increasingly, Internet sites and mobile apps. Barriers to prenatal health promotion and related services include language, rural/remote location, citizenship and disability. Online public health platforms represent the capacity to reach underserved women and can be customised to address the needs of a heterogeneous population of pregnant women...
November 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105124/a-controlled-early-group-intervention-study-for-unaccompanied-minors-can-expressive-arts-alleviate-symptoms-of-trauma-and-enhance-life-satisfaction
#4
Melinda A Meyer DeMott, Marianne Jakobsen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond Heir
This is the first controlled study of an expressive arts group intervention with unaccompanied minor asylum seeking children. The aim of the study was to examine whether such an intervention may alleviate symptoms of trauma and enhance life satisfaction and hope. One hundred forty five unaccompanied minor refugee boys with their stated age between 15 and 18 were allocated into a 10 session 5 weeks manualized expressive arts intervention (EXIT) or a life as usual (LAU) control group. The participants were assessed at onset and 4 times over a period of 25 months with a battery of instruments measuring post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), general psychological distress (HSCL-25A), current life satisfaction (CLS) and expected life satisfaction (ELS)...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097822/the-benefits-of-multilingualism-to-the-personal-and-professional-development-of-residents-of-the-us
#5
Judith F Kroll, Paola E Dussias
In the past two decades, new research on multilingualism has changed our understanding of the consequences of learning and using two or more languages for cognition, for the brain, and for success and well-being across the entire lifespan. Far from the stereotype that exposure to multiple languages in infancy complicates language and cognitive development, the new findings suggest that individuals benefit from that exposure, with greater openness to other languages and to new learning itself. At the other end of the lifespan, in old age, the active use of two or more languages appears to provide protection against cognitive decline...
2017: Foreign Lang Ann
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081348/health-professionals-views-on-health-literacy-issues-for-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-women-in-maternity-care-barriers-enablers-and-the-need-for-an-integrated-approach
#6
Jo-Anne Hughson, Fiona Marshall, Justin Oliver Daly, Robyn Woodward-Kron, John Hajek, David Story
Objective To identify health literacy issues when providing maternity care to culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) women, and the strategies needed for health professionals to collaboratively address these issues.Methods A qualitative case study design was undertaken at one large metropolitan Australian hospital serving a highly CALD population. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a range of maternity healthcare staff. The data were analysed thematically. The study is informed by a framework of cultural competence education interventions for health professionals and a health literacy framework...
October 30, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068399/major-differences-in-diet-across-three-linguistic-regions-of-switzerland-results-from-the-first-national-nutrition-survey-menuch
#7
Angeline Chatelan, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Alex Randriamiharisoa, Jerome Pasquier, Juan Manual Blanco, Stefan Siegenthaler, Fred Paccaud, Nadia Slimani, Genevieve Nicolas, Esther Camenzind-Frey, Christine Anne Zuberbuehler, Murielle Bochud
Switzerland is a multilingual country located between Germany, France and Italy, which differ by dietary habits and related outcomes. We explored differences in food consumption as well as compliance to the Swiss food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) across the German-, French-, and Italian-speaking regions. The 2014-2015 nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted among a stratified random sample of 2057 adults aged 18 to 75 years. Trained dietitians assessed food consumption via two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls using the international validated software GloboDiet(®)...
October 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060048/eeg-based-classification-of-bilingual-unspoken-speech-using-ann
#8
Advait Balaji, Aparajita Haldar, Keshav Patil, T Sai Ruthvik, Valliappan Ca, Mayur Jartarkar, Veeky Baths
The ability to interpret unspoken or imagined speech through electroencephalography (EEG) is of therapeutic interest for people suffering from speech disorders and `lockedin' syndrome. It is also useful for brain-computer interface (BCI) techniques not involving articulatory actions. Previous work has involved using particular words in one chosen language and training classifiers to distinguish between them. Such studies have reported accuracies of 40-60% and are not ideal for practical implementation. Furthermore, in today's multilingual society, classifiers trained in one language alone might not always have the desired effect...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056917/comprehension-of-subject-and-object-relative-clauses-in-a-trilingual-acquisition-context
#9
Angel Chan, Si Chen, Stephen Matthews, Virginia Yip
Chinese relative clauses (RCs) have word order properties that are distinctly rare across languages of the world; such properties provide a good testing ground to tease apart predictions regarding the relative complexity of subject and object RCs in acquisition and processing. This study considers these special word order properties in a multilingual acquisition context, examining how Cantonese(L1)-English(L2)-Mandarin(L3) trilingual children process RCs in two Chinese languages differing in exposure conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026438/mental-health-assessments-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-evaluation-of-a-tablet-assisted-screening-software
#10
Naser Morina, Simon M Ewers, Sandra Passardi, Ulrich Schnyder, Christine Knaevelsrud, Julia Müller, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Matthis Schick
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems resulting from persecution and forced migration are very common among refugees and asylum seekers and evolve into a major public health challenge in hosting societies. Language barriers often prevent timely access to appropriate health care, leading to chronic trajectories and abortive social integration. Tools for multilingual screening and assessment could be of great benefit for this particularly vulnerable population as well as for policy makers...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971424/recognizing-emotional-states-using-speech-information
#11
Michalis Papakostas, Giorgos Siantikos, Theodoros Giannakopoulos, Evaggelos Spyrou, Dimitris Sgouropoulos
Emotion recognition plays an important role in several applications, such as human computer interaction and understanding affective state of users in certain tasks, e.g., within a learning process, monitoring of elderly, interactive entertainment etc. It may be based upon several modalities, e.g., by analyzing facial expressions and/or speech, using electroencephalograms, electrocardiograms etc. In certain applications the only available modality is the user's (speaker's) voice. In this paper we aim to analyze speakers' emotions based solely on paralinguistic information, i...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961873/special-section-on-multimodal-multilingual-development-of-dhh-learners
#12
Matthew W G Dye, Karen Emmorey
This issue begins the inclusion of a series of articles on multimodal, multilingual communication development. This special section is intended to run for two or three issues, with two or three contributions in each issue.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950977/do-you-wish-to-waive-your-rights-affect-and-decision-making-in-multilingual-speakers
#13
REVIEW
Aneta Pavlenko
This paper reviews recent developments in the study of multilingualism and affect, with the focus on two active areas: affective processing and decision-making. The converging pattern of findings suggests that foreign (FL) and second language (L2) processing do not engage affect to the same extent as processing in the first language (L1). This decreased reliance on affect has been linked to the systematic finding that speakers dealing with moral dilemmas and financial scenarios in a foreign language are less concerned about negative consequences and less averse to risk...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917165/cerebellar-induced-differential-polyglot-aphasia-a-neurolinguistic-and-fmri-study
#14
Peter Mariën, Kim van Dun, Johanna Van Dormael, Dorien Vandenborre, Stefanie Keulen, Mario Manto, Jo Verhoeven, Jubin Abutalebi
Research has shown that linguistic functions in the bilingual brain are subserved by similar neural circuits as in monolinguals, but with extra-activity associated with cognitive and attentional control. Although a role for the right cerebellum in multilingual language processing has recently been acknowledged, a potential role of the left cerebellum remains largely unexplored. This paper reports the clinical and fMRI findings in a strongly right-handed (late) multilingual patient who developed differential polyglot aphasia, ataxic dysarthria and a selective decrease in executive function due to an ischemic stroke in the left cerebellum...
September 13, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895004/positive-cognitive-effects-of-bilingualism-and-multilingualism-on-cerebral-function-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Cibel Quinteros Baumgart, Stephen Bates Billick
A review of the current literature regarding bilingualism demonstrates that bilingualism is linked to higher levels of controlled attention and inhibition in executive control and can protect against the decline of executive control in aging by contributing to cognitive reserve. Bilinguals may also have smaller vocabulary size and slower lexical retrieval for each language. The joint activation theory is proposed to explain these results. Older trilingual adults experience more protection against cognitive decline and children and young adults showed similar cognitive advantages to bilinguals in inhibitory control...
September 11, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886430/story-grammar-elements-and-causal-relations-in-the-narratives-of-russian-hebrew-bilingual-children-with-sli-and-typical-language-development
#16
Sveta Fichman, Carmit Altman, Anna Voloskovich, Sharon Armon-Lotem, Joel Walters
BACKGROUND: While there is general agreement regarding poor performance of children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) on microstructure measures of narrative production, findings on macrostructure are inconsistent. PURPOSE: The present study analyzed narrative abilities of Russian-Hebrew bilingual preschool children with and without SLI, with a particular focus on story grammar (SG) elements and causal relations, in order to identify macrostructure features which distinguish bilingual children with SLI from those with typical development...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857404/polite-professional-practical-what-drives-caller-satisfaction-with-the-new-south-wales-quitline-australia
#17
Anne Carolyn Grunseit, Melissa Gwizd, Claudine Lyons, Caroline Anderson, Blythe Jane O'Hara
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Previous studies on smoking quitlines have focused on service effectiveness and usage, describing client characteristics, referral sources and service utilisation. There is a lack of qualitative research examining callers' perspectives on service quality. The analysis aimed to describe the factors which underpin quitline callers' descriptions of their satisfaction with the service. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted qualitative interviews with 46 callers to the NSW Quitline's English and multilingual lines...
August 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839451/orthographic-and-phonological-neighborhood-databases-across-multiple-languages
#18
Viorica Marian
The increased globalization of science and technology and the growing number of bilinguals and multilinguals in the world have made research with multiple languages a mainstay for scholars who study human function and especially those who focus on language, cognition, and the brain. Such research can benefit from large-scale databases and online resources that describe and measure lexical, phonological, orthographic, and semantic information. The present paper discusses currently-available resources and underscores the need for tools that enable measurements both within and across multiple languages...
2017: Written Language and Literacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821648/bilingual-language-switching-in-the-laboratory-versus-in-the-wild-the-spatiotemporal-dynamics-of-adaptive-language-control
#19
Esti Blanco-Elorrieta, Liina Pylkkänen
For a bilingual human, every utterance requires a choice about which language to use. This choice is commonly regarded as part of general executive control, engaging prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices similarly to many types of effortful task switching. However, although language control within artificial switching paradigms has been heavily studied, the neurobiology of natural switching within socially cued situations has not been characterized. Additionally, although theoretical models address how language control mechanisms adapt to the distinct demands of different interactional contexts, these predictions have not been empirically tested...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818118/effects-of-age-and-stimulus-material-on-character-introductions-of-swedish-speaking-four-to-six-year-olds
#20
Josefin Lindgren
This study investigates effects of age on character introductions in the oral narratives of seventy-two monolingual Swedish-speaking four- to six-year-olds, comparing results from the Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN; Gagarina et al., 2012, 2015), and the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI; Schneider et al., 2005). The proportion of appropriate referring expressions for introducing story characters clearly increases from age four to six. However, the children's performance is strongly stimulus-dependent...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Child Language
keyword
keyword
53467
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"