keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Multilingualism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077849/emigration-from-within
#1
Judit Szekacs-Weisz
Listening to the stories of people belonging to different generations in motion-both in our consulting rooms and our personal lives-served as introductory lectures into the fundamental aspects of changing context. Through these rich and diverse stories, one enters a territory which is not only multilingual but multidimensional: defined and shaped by historical, political, economic and socio-cultural transformations. Giving voice to these silent stories proved helpful for us when going behind walls that traditional analysis could not always penetrate, partly because, in many cases, analysts and analysands have been struggling with the same untouchable issues...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077311/cortical-thickness-increases-after-simultaneous-interpretation-training
#2
Alexis Hervais-Adelman, Barbara Moser-Mercer, Micah M Murray, Narly Golestani
Simultaneous interpretation is a complex cognitive task that not only demands multilingual language processing, but also requires application of extreme levels of domain-general cognitive control. We used MRI to longitudinally measure cortical thickness in simultaneous interpretation trainees before and after a Master's program in conference interpreting. We compared them to multilingual control participants scanned at the same interval of time. Increases in cortical thickness were specific to trainee interpreters...
January 9, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060713/multiview-boosting-with-information-propagation-for-classification
#3
Jing Peng, Alex J Aved, Guna Seetharaman, Kannappan Palaniappan
Multiview learning has shown promising potential in many applications. However, most techniques are focused on either view consistency, or view diversity. In this paper, we introduce a novel multiview boosting algorithm, called Boost.SH, that computes weak classifiers independently of each view but uses a shared weight distribution to propagate information among the multiple views to ensure consistency. To encourage diversity, we introduce randomized Boost.SH and show its convergence to the greedy Boost.SH solution in the sense of minimizing regret using the framework of adversarial multiarmed bandits...
January 4, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034410/a-review-of-electronic-medical-record-keeping-on-mobile-medical-service-trips-in-austere-settings
#4
REVIEW
Christopher Dainton, Charlene H Chu
INTRODUCTION: Electronic medical records (EMRs) may address the need for decision and language support for Western clinicians on mobile medical service trips (MSTs) in low resource settings abroad, while providing improved access to records and data management. However, there has yet to be a review of this emerging technology used by MSTs in low-resource settings. The aim of this study is to describe EMR systems designed specifically for use by mobile MSTs in remote settings, and accordingly, determine new opportunities for this technology to improve quality of healthcare provided by MSTs...
February 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033326/languages-are-still-a-major-barrier-to-global-science
#5
Tatsuya Amano, Juan P González-Varo, William J Sutherland
While it is recognized that language can pose a barrier to the transfer of scientific knowledge, the convergence on English as the global language of science may suggest that this problem has been resolved. However, our survey searching Google Scholar in 16 languages revealed that 35.6% of 75,513 scientific documents on biodiversity conservation published in 2014 were not in English. Ignoring such non-English knowledge can cause biases in our understanding of study systems. Furthermore, as publication in English has become prevalent, scientific knowledge is often unavailable in local languages...
December 2016: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003235/patients-perception-of-ded-and-its-relation-with-time-to-diagnosis-and-quality-of-life-an-international-and-multilingual-survey
#6
Marc Labetoulle, Maurizio Rolando, Christophe Baudouin, Gysbert van Setten
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To improve understanding of patients' experience and perception of dry eye disease (DED) and its impact on quality of life (QoL). METHODS: This survey was observational, non-interventional and cross-sectional. The survey was conducted online on 706 patients with DED from five European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK). All patients met the following inclusion criteria: 40 years or older with DED diagnosed by a healthcare professional (HCP), not wearing contact lenses and using tear substitutes daily for at least 6 months...
December 21, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940365/the-role-of-language-skills-and-internationalization-in-nursing-degree-programmes-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Anja Garone, Piet Van de Craen
Globalization and internationalization have had major influences on higher education, including nursing education. Since the signing of the Bologna declaration, many institutions in Europe have adopted English as the "scientific lingua franca", and have instated courses and entire degree programmes taught in English. Several countries in the European Union also offer nursing degree programmes in English. With the rise of multilingualism in Europe, new challenges have become apparent in multilingual education...
February 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932909/cigesmed-for-divers-establishing-a-citizen-science-initiative-for-the-mapping-and-monitoring-of-coralligenous-assemblages-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#8
Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Thanos Dailianis, Emmanouela Panteri, Nikitas Michalakis, Giulia Gatti, Maria Sini, Charalampos Dimitriadis, Yiannis Issaris, Maria Salomidi, Irene Filiopoulou, Alper Doğan, Laure Thierry de Ville d'Avray, Romain David, Melih Ertan Ҫinar, Drosos Koutsoubas, Jean-Pierre Féral, Christos Arvanitidis
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, inventorying and monitoring of marine biodiversity has significantly benefited from the active engagement of volunteers. Although several Citizen Science projects concern tropical reef ecosystems worldwide, none of the existing initiatives has yet specifically focused on their Mediterranean equivalents. Mediterranean coralline reefs, known as "coralligenous", are bioherms primarily built by calcifying rhodophytes on hard substrates under dim-light conditions; they are considered hotspots of biodiversity and are extremely popular among divers due to their complex structure, conspicuous biological wealth and high aesthetic value...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876454/will-the-global-hiv-response-fail-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
George Ayala, Glenn-Milo Santos
INTRODUCTION: Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men are among the small number of groups for whom HIV remains uncontrolled worldwide. Although there have been recent and notable decreases in HIV incidence across several countries, prevalence and incidence is consistently higher or rising among men who have sex with men when compared with other groups. METHODS: In 2014, MSMGF (the Global Forum on MSM & HIV) conducted its third biennial Global Men's Health and Rights Study, an international, multilingual, web-based cross-sectional survey of men who have sex with men recruited through online convenience sampling...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868225/first-language-attrition-induces-changes-in-online-morphosyntactic-processing-and-re-analysis-an-erp-study-of-number-agreement-in-complex-italian-sentences
#10
Kristina Kasparian, Francesco Vespignani, Karsten Steinhauer
First language (L1) attrition in adulthood offers new insight on neuroplasticity and the role of language experience in shaping neurocognitive responses to language. Attriters are multilinguals for whom advancing L2 proficiency comes at the cost of the L1, as they experience a shift in exposure and dominance (e.g., due to immigration). To date, the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying L1 attrition are largely unexplored. Using event-related potentials (ERPs), we examined L1-Italian grammatical processing in 24 attriters and 30 Italian native-controls...
November 7, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860099/bilingualism-affects-9-month-old-infants-expectations-about-how-words-refer-to-kinds
#11
Krista Byers-Heinlein
Infants are precocious word learners, and seem to possess systematic expectations about how words refer to object kinds. For example, while monolingual infants show a one-to-one mapping bias (e.g. mutual exclusivity), expecting each object to have only one basic level label, previous research has shown that this is less robust in bi- and multilinguals aged 1.5 years and older. This study examined the early origins of such one-to-one mapping biases by comparing monolingual and bilingual 9-10-month-olds' expectations about the relationship between labels and object kinds...
January 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815405/feasibility-of-the-collection-of-patient-reported-outcomes-in-an-ambulatory-neurology-clinic
#12
Lidia M V R Moura, Eli Schwamm, Valdery Moura Junior, Michael P Seitz, John Hsu, Andrew J Cole, Lee H Schwamm
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients could self-report physical and mental health assessments in the waiting room and whether these assessments would be associated with modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and Quality of Life in Epilepsy (QOLIE-10) scores. METHODS: We offered iPad-based surveys to consecutive adult neurology patients at check-in to collect patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). We collected demographic and clinical data on 6,075 patients through survey or administrative claims and PROMs from participating patients...
December 6, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815227/can-multilinguality-improve-biomedical-word-sense-disambiguation
#13
Andres Duque, Juan Martinez-Romo, Lourdes Araujo
Ambiguity in the biomedical domain represents a major issue when performing Natural Language Processing tasks over the huge amount of available information in the field. For this reason, Word Sense Disambiguation is critical for achieving accurate systems able to tackle complex tasks such as information extraction, summarization or document classification. In this work we explore whether multilinguality can help to solve the problem of ambiguity, and the conditions required for a system to improve the results obtained by monolingual approaches...
December 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746729/broca-pars-triangularis-constitutes-a-hub-of-the-language-control-network-during-simultaneous-language-translation
#14
Stefan Elmer
Until now, several branches of research have fundamentally contributed to a better understanding of the ramifications of bilingualism, multilingualism, and language expertise on psycholinguistic-, cognitive-, and neural implications. In this context, it is noteworthy to mention that from a cognitive perspective, there is a strong convergence of data pointing to an influence of multilingual speech competence on a variety of cognitive functions, including attention, short-term- and working memory, set shifting, switching, and inhibition...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708599/editorial-the-grammar-of-multilingualism
#15
Artemis Alexiadou, Terje Lohndal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626507/the-relationship-between-spoken-english-proficiency-and-participation-in-higher-education-employment-and-income-from-two-australian-censuses
#16
Helen L Blake, Sharynne Mcleod, Sarah Verdon, Gail Fuller
PURPOSE: Proficiency in the language of the country of residence has implications for an individual's level of education, employability, income and social integration. This paper explores the relationship between the spoken English proficiency of residents of Australia on census day and their educational level, employment and income to provide insight into multilingual speakers' ability to participate in Australia as an English-dominant society. METHOD: Data presented are derived from two Australian censuses i...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626085/a-systematic-review-of-audiology-terminology
#17
Soo Hee Oh, Junghak Lee
The present report provides an overview of terminology studies in audiology including topics and study characteristics, as well as categorizing the main issues. The goals are to improve the understanding of the current issues for terminology in audiology and to provide some basic information that will be useful to develop an international standard. Search procedures were completed over two phases. Phase 1 included a systematic electronic searches using MEDLINE (PubMed), Excerpta Medica Database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and International Organization for Standardization with keywords related to terminology of audiology...
September 2016: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563360/multilingual-sentiment-analysis-state-of-the-art-and-independent-comparison-of-techniques
#18
Kia Dashtipour, Soujanya Poria, Amir Hussain, Erik Cambria, Ahmad Y A Hawalah, Alexander Gelbukh, Qiang Zhou
With the advent of Internet, people actively express their opinions about products, services, events, political parties, etc., in social media, blogs, and website comments. The amount of research work on sentiment analysis is growing explosively. However, the majority of research efforts are devoted to English-language data, while a great share of information is available in other languages. We present a state-of-the-art review on multilingual sentiment analysis. More importantly, we compare our own implementation of existing approaches on common data...
2016: Cognitive Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540905/age-of-language-acquisition-and-cortical-language-organization-in-multilingual-patients-undergoing-awake-brain-mapping
#19
Alejandro Fernández-Coello, Viktória Havas, Montserrat Juncadella, Joanna Sierpowska, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells, Andreu Gabarrós
OBJECTIVE Most knowledge regarding the anatomical organization of multilingualism is based on aphasiology and functional imaging studies. However, the results have still to be validated by the gold standard approach, namely electrical stimulation mapping (ESM) during awake neurosurgical procedures. In this ESM study the authors describe language representation in a highly specific group of 13 multilingual individuals, focusing on how age of acquisition may influence the cortical organization of language. METHODS Thirteen patients who had a high degree of proficiency in multiple languages and were harboring lesions within the dominant, left hemisphere underwent ESM while being operated on under awake conditions...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466746/sexual-orientation-and-treatment-seeking-for-depression-in-a-multilingual-worldwide-sample
#20
Tara M Rutter, Annesa Flentje, James W Dilley, Suzanne Barakat, Nancy H Liu, Margaret S Gross, Ricardo F Muñoz, Yan Leykin
BACKGROUND: Prior research has found higher rates of mental health problems among sexual minority individuals. We examine treatment-seeking for depression, as well as its relationship with sexual orientation, in a large, multilingual, international sample. METHOD: Participants in an automated, quintilingual internet-based depression screening tool were screened for depression, and completed several background measures, including sexual orientation (with an option to decline to state) and past and current depression treatment seeking...
December 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
keyword
keyword
53467
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"