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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322493/the-struggle-for-via-bologna-street-market-crisis-racial-denial-and-speaking-back-to-power-in-naples-italy
#1
Antonia Dawes
This paper is based on ethnographic research conducted with migrant and Italian street vendors in Naples, southern Italy, in 2012. It tells the story of Via Bologna market which was nearly closed down by the City Hall at the time. Naples is a city where issues of poverty and unemployment pre-date and have been exacerbated by manifold narratives of crisis now unfolding across Europe regarding the economy, political legitimacy, security and migration. Street markets have always been an important and visible economic survival strategy for both Neapolitans and migrants there...
January 10, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287966/structural-brain-differences-between-monolingual-and-multilingual-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-disease-evidence-for-cognitive-reserve
#2
Hilary D Duncan, Jim Nikelski, Randi Pilon, Jason Steffener, Howard Chertkow, Natalie A Phillips
Two independent lines of research provide evidence that speaking more than one language may 1) contribute to increased grey matter in healthy younger and older adults and 2) delay cognitive symptoms in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or Alzheimer disease (AD). We examined cortical thickness and tissue density in monolingual and multilingual MCI and AD patients matched (within Diagnosis Groups) on demographic and cognitive variables. In medial temporal disease-related (DR) areas, we found higher tissue density in multilingual MCIs versus monolingual MCIs, but similar or lower tissue density in multilingual AD versus monolingual AD, a pattern consistent with cognitive reserve in AD...
December 26, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283662/apa-apags-award-for-distinguished-graduate-student-in-professional-psychology-octavio-andres-santos
#3
(no author information available yet)
The APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology is awarded annually by the APA Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS) to a graduate student who has demonstrated outstanding practice and application of psychology. The 2017 award winner is Octavio Andres Santos, who has demonstrated through several initiatives "effective engagement with advocacy, professional organizations, and research in the area of health disparities and multicultural/multilingual assessment...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227168/assessment-of-communication-abilities-in-multilingual-children-language-rights-or-human-rights
#4
Madalena Cruz-Ferreira
Communication involves a sender, a receiver and a shared code operating through shared rules. Breach of communication results from disruption to any of these basic components of a communicative chain, although assessment of communication abilities typically focuses on senders/receivers, on two assumptions: first, that their command of features and rules of the language in question (the code), such as sounds, words or word order, as described in linguists' theorisations, represents the full scope of linguistic competence; and second, that languages are stable, homogeneous entities, unaffected by their users' communicative needs...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222768/thai-norms-for-name-image-and-category-agreement-object-familiarity-visual-complexity-manipulability-and-age-of-acquisition-for-480-color-photographic-objects
#5
A J Benjamin Clarke, Jason D Ludington
Normative databases containing psycholinguistic variables are commonly used to aid stimulus selection for investigations into language and other cognitive processes. Norms exist for many languages, but not for Thai. The aim of the present research, therefore, was to obtain Thai normative data for the BOSS, a set of 480 high resolution color photographic images of real objects (Brodeur et al. in PLoS ONE 5(5), 2010.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010773 ). Norms were provided by 584 Thai university students on eight dimensions: name agreement, object familiarity, visual complexity, category agreement, image agreement, two types of manipulability (graspability and mimeability), and age of acquisition...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210251/lightning-or-lightning-bug-the-role-of-the-language-gap-and-the-access-to-proper-information-on-entitlements-in-cross-border-patient-mobility
#6
Gabriella Berki
The language barrier and the lack of reliable information were identified as major practical obstacles of European patient mobility. Patients are highly concerned about the ability to communicate with their doctors when obtaining healthcare in a country where they do not speak the local language, as well as they find it complicated to gather all the necessary information about an unfamiliar healthcare system or about their cross-border healthcare entitlements conferred on them by the Union legislation. In a multilingual and patient-friendly European Union these issues must be tackled in order to ensure effective healthcare and to enforce patients’ right to cross-border healthcare...
March 2017: European Journal of Health Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209240/different-bilingual-experiences-might-modulate-executive-tasks-advantages-comparative-analysis-between-monolinguals-translators-and-interpreters
#7
Sébastien Henrard, Agnès Van Daele
Many studies have shown that being bilingual presents an advantage in executive control. However, it appears that knowing two (or more) languages is not enough to improve executive control. According to the adaptive control hypothesis (Green and Abutalebi, 2013), the interactional context in which bilinguals behave is a key factor that modulates cognitive advantage in executive control. Translation and simultaneous interpretation are performed in a dual-language context: professional bi- and multilinguals use two or more languages within the same context (at work)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198262/medical-missions-for-the-provision-of-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Frank J Molloy, Nguyenvu Nguyen, Marisa Mize, Gavin Wright, Cecilia St George-Hyslop, Maura O'Callaghan, Emma Scanlan, William M Novick
This review will outline the role of visiting cardiac surgical teams in low- and middle-income countries drawing on the collective experience of the authors in a wide range of locations. Requests for assistance can emerge from local programmes at a beginner or advanced stage. However, in all circumstances, careful pre-trip planning is necessary in conjunction with clinical and non-clinical local partners. The clinical evaluation, surgical procedures, and postoperative care all serve as a template for collaboration and education between the visiting and local teams in every aspect of care...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190335/examination-of-the-construct-validity-of-the-repeatable-battery-for-the-assessment-of-neuropsychological-status-language-index-in-a-mixed-neurological-sample
#9
Zachary C Merz, Nicole Hurless, John D Wright
Objective: We sought to examine the construct validity of the Language Index of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). Methods: Archival neuropsychological data were collected for 2,057 individuals of diverse neurological etiologies. Results: Correlations were seen between the RBANS Language Index and its indices (Semantic Fluency r = .727; Picture Naming r = .786), between Semantic Fluency and both Category Fluency (r = ...
November 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189432/the-south-african-english-smartphone-digits-in-noise-hearing-test-effect-of-age-hearing-loss-and-speaking-competence
#10
Jenni-Marí Potgieter, De Wet Swanepoel, Hermanus Carel Myburgh, Cas Smits
OBJECTIVES: This study determined the effect of hearing loss and English-speaking competency on the South African English digits-in-noise hearing test to evaluate its suitability for use across native (N) and non-native (NN) speakers. DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional cohort study of N and NN English adults with and without sensorineural hearing loss compared pure-tone air conduction thresholds to the speech reception threshold (SRT) recorded with the smartphone digits-in-noise hearing test...
November 20, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160384/current-use-and-acceptability-of-novel-diagnostic-tests-for-active-tuberculosis-a-worldwide-survey
#11
Massimo Amicosante, Lia D'Ambrosio, Marcela Munoz, Fernanda Carvalho de Queiroz Mello, Marc Tebruegge, Novel Njweipi Chegou, Fouad Seghrouchni, Rosella Centis, Delia Goletti, Graham Bothamley, Giovanni Battista Migliori
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current use and potential acceptance (by tuberculosis experts worldwide) of novel rapid tests for the diagnosis of tuberculosis that are in line with World Health Organization target product profiles. METHODS: A multilingual survey was disseminated online between July and November of 2016. RESULTS: A total of 723 individuals from 114 countries responded to the survey. Smear microscopy was the most commonly used rapid tuberculosis test (available to 90...
September 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124953/bilingualism-a-human-right-in-times-of-anxiety-lessons-from-california
#12
Gabriela Simon-Cereijido
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights refers to the individual's right of expression without interference, "through any media and regardless of frontiers". Currently, in some nations across the world, there is decreasing interest in cross-cultural interactions and a new interest in nationalism and assimilation, in communication within frontiers and in a specific medium: the national language. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) advocate for individuals with communication disorders that interfere with their comprehension and expression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113753/best-practices-for-online-canadian-prenatal-health-promotion-a-public-health-approach
#13
Rebecca A Chedid, Rowan M Terrell, Karen P Phillips
BACKGROUND: Prenatal health promotion provides information regarding pregnancy risks, protective behaviours and clinical and community resources. Typically, women obtain prenatal health information from health care providers, prenatal classes, peers/family, media and increasingly, Internet sites and mobile apps. Barriers to prenatal health promotion and related services include language, rural/remote location, citizenship and disability. Online public health platforms represent the capacity to reach underserved women and can be customised to address the needs of a heterogeneous population of pregnant women...
November 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105124/a-controlled-early-group-intervention-study-for-unaccompanied-minors-can-expressive-arts-alleviate-symptoms-of-trauma-and-enhance-life-satisfaction
#14
Melinda A Meyer DeMott, Marianne Jakobsen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond Heir
This is the first controlled study of an expressive arts group intervention with unaccompanied minor asylum seeking children. The aim of the study was to examine whether such an intervention may alleviate symptoms of trauma and enhance life satisfaction and hope. One hundred forty five unaccompanied minor refugee boys with their stated age between 15 and 18 were allocated into a 10 session 5 weeks manualized expressive arts intervention (EXIT) or a life as usual (LAU) control group. The participants were assessed at onset and 4 times over a period of 25 months with a battery of instruments measuring post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), general psychological distress (HSCL-25A), current life satisfaction (CLS) and expected life satisfaction (ELS)...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097822/the-benefits-of-multilingualism-to-the-personal-and-professional-development-of-residents-of-the-us
#15
Judith F Kroll, Paola E Dussias
In the past two decades, new research on multilingualism has changed our understanding of the consequences of learning and using two or more languages for cognition, for the brain, and for success and well-being across the entire lifespan. Far from the stereotype that exposure to multiple languages in infancy complicates language and cognitive development, the new findings suggest that individuals benefit from that exposure, with greater openness to other languages and to new learning itself. At the other end of the lifespan, in old age, the active use of two or more languages appears to provide protection against cognitive decline...
2017: Foreign Language Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081348/health-professionals-views-on-health-literacy-issues-for-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-women-in-maternity-care-barriers-enablers-and-the-need-for-an-integrated-approach
#16
Jo-Anne Hughson, Fiona Marshall, Justin Oliver Daly, Robyn Woodward-Kron, John Hajek, David Story
Objective To identify health literacy issues when providing maternity care to culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) women, and the strategies needed for health professionals to collaboratively address these issues.Methods A qualitative case study design was undertaken at one large metropolitan Australian hospital serving a highly CALD population. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a range of maternity healthcare staff. The data were analysed thematically. The study is informed by a framework of cultural competence education interventions for health professionals and a health literacy framework...
October 30, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068399/major-differences-in-diet-across-three-linguistic-regions-of-switzerland-results-from-the-first-national-nutrition-survey-menuch
#17
Angeline Chatelan, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Alex Randriamiharisoa, Jerome Pasquier, Juan Manual Blanco, Stefan Siegenthaler, Fred Paccaud, Nadia Slimani, Genevieve Nicolas, Esther Camenzind-Frey, Christine Anne Zuberbuehler, Murielle Bochud
Switzerland is a multilingual country located between Germany, France and Italy, which differ by dietary habits and related outcomes. We explored differences in food consumption as well as compliance to the Swiss food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) across the German-, French-, and Italian-speaking regions. The 2014-2015 nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted among a stratified random sample of 2057 adults aged 18 to 75 years. Trained dietitians assessed food consumption via two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls using the international validated software GloboDiet(®)...
October 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060048/eeg-based-classification-of-bilingual-unspoken-speech-using-ann
#18
Advait Balaji, Aparajita Haldar, Keshav Patil, T Sai Ruthvik, Valliappan Ca, Mayur Jartarkar, Veeky Baths
The ability to interpret unspoken or imagined speech through electroencephalography (EEG) is of therapeutic interest for people suffering from speech disorders and `lockedin' syndrome. It is also useful for brain-computer interface (BCI) techniques not involving articulatory actions. Previous work has involved using particular words in one chosen language and training classifiers to distinguish between them. Such studies have reported accuracies of 40-60% and are not ideal for practical implementation. Furthermore, in today's multilingual society, classifiers trained in one language alone might not always have the desired effect...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056917/comprehension-of-subject-and-object-relative-clauses-in-a-trilingual-acquisition-context
#19
Angel Chan, Si Chen, Stephen Matthews, Virginia Yip
Chinese relative clauses (RCs) have word order properties that are distinctly rare across languages of the world; such properties provide a good testing ground to tease apart predictions regarding the relative complexity of subject and object RCs in acquisition and processing. This study considers these special word order properties in a multilingual acquisition context, examining how Cantonese(L1)-English(L2)-Mandarin(L3) trilingual children process RCs in two Chinese languages differing in exposure conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026438/mental-health-assessments-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-evaluation-of-a-tablet-assisted-screening-software
#20
Naser Morina, Simon M Ewers, Sandra Passardi, Ulrich Schnyder, Christine Knaevelsrud, Julia Müller, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Matthis Schick
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems resulting from persecution and forced migration are very common among refugees and asylum seekers and evolve into a major public health challenge in hosting societies. Language barriers often prevent timely access to appropriate health care, leading to chronic trajectories and abortive social integration. Tools for multilingual screening and assessment could be of great benefit for this particularly vulnerable population as well as for policy makers...
2017: Conflict and Health
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