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Depression and occupational impairment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764429/health-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-impairment-of-quality-of-life-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Jessie N Zurita-Cruz, Leticia Manuel-Apolinar, María Luisa Arellano-Flores, Alejandro Gutierrez-Gonzalez, Alma Gloria Najera-Ahumada, Nelly Cisneros-González
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a chronic disease, and for treatment to succeed, it is necessary to harmonize the mental health of the patient with the environment, which impacts quality of life and adherence to medical regimens. The objetive of this study is describe the quality of life of patients with DM2 and the factors relates to its modification. METHODS: This investigation was a cross-sectional study. Patients over 18 years of age with DM2 were selected...
May 15, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719722/an-aggravated-return-to-work-case-of-organic-solvent-induced-chronic-toxic-encephalopathy
#2
Sangyun Seo, Jungwon Kim
Background: Organic solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy (CTE) is known as a non-progressive disorder that does not progress after diagnosis. The authors present a case those symptoms worsened after continued exposure to organic solvent after returning to work. Because such a case has not been reported in South Korea to the best of our knowledge, we intend to report this case along with literature review. Case presentation: A 59-year-old man, who performed painting job at a large shipyard for 20 years, was receiving hospital treatment mainly for depression...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710135/association-between-muscular-strength-and-cognition-in-people-with-major-depression-or-bipolar-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#3
Joseph Firth, Josh A Firth, Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Felipe B Schuch, Mats Hallgren, Nicola Veronese, Alison R Yung, Jerome Sarris
Importance: Objective physical fitness measures, such as handgrip strength, are associated with physical, mental, and cognitive outcomes in the general population. Although people with mental illness experience reduced physical fitness and cognitive impairment, the association between muscular strength and cognition has not been examined to date. Objective: To determine associations between maximal handgrip strength and cognitive performance in people with major depression or bipolar disorder and in healthy controls...
April 18, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629247/effects-of-mental-health-interventions-for-students-in-higher-education-are-sustainable-over-time-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Regina Winzer, Lene Lindberg, Karin Guldbrandsson, Anna Sidorchuk
Background: Symptoms of depression, anxiety, and distress are more common in undergraduates compared to age-matched peers. Mental ill health among students is associated with impaired academic achievement, worse occupational preparedness, and lower future occupational performance. Research on mental health promoting and mental ill health preventing interventions has shown promising short-term effects, though the sustainability of intervention benefits deserve closer attention. We aimed to identify, appraise and summarize existing data from randomized control trials (RCTs) reporting on whether the effects of mental health promoting and mental ill health preventing interventions were sustained at least three months post-intervention, and to analyze how the effects vary for different outcomes in relation to follow-up length...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556667/adverse-life-outcomes-associated-with-adolescent-psychotic-experiences-and-depressive-symptoms
#5
Jonathan Davies, Sarah Sullivan, Stanley Zammit
PURPOSE: To investigate whether psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms at ages 12 and 18 years are associated with adverse life outcomes across a range of functional domains between 16 and 20 years of age. METHODS: Data were gathered from ALSPAC, a UK birth cohort. Individuals were assessed with the semi-structured Psychosis-Like Symptoms Interview and the Short Mood and Feeling Questionnaire at ages 12 and 18 years. Logistic regression was used to explore associations with outcomes in education, occupation, social functioning, substance use (alcohol, cannabis, smoking, and other drugs), and illegal behaviour between the ages of 16 and 20 years...
March 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553789/differences-in-level-of-upper-limb-loss-on-functional-impairment-psychological-well-being-and-substance-use
#6
Nathan T Kearns, Warren T Jackson, Timothy R Elliott, Tiffany Ryan, Trey W Armstrong
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The present study examines associations between levels of limb loss (partial hand vs. higher levels of limb loss) and eight clinically relevant measures of functional impairment, psychological well-being, and substance use. Research Method/Design: A cross-sectional, multisite study conducted at seven prosthetic rehabilitation centers across the United States. A total of 305 participants with upper limb loss (Mage = 44.28, SD = 15.45; 68.5% male; 70.5% white) completed orally administered self-assessments of pain interference, perceived activity restrictions, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, emotional reaction to their physical condition, problematic alcohol use, prescription medication overuse, and illicit drug use...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508379/heterogeneity-of-functional-outcomes-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#7
B Solé, C M Bonnin, E Jiménez, C Torrent, I Torres, C Varo, E Valls, L Montejo, C Gómez-Ocaña, Y Tomioka, E Vieta, A Martinez-Aran, M Reinares
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the heterogeneity of psychosocial outcomes in euthymic bipolar disorder (BD) patients and analyse the potential influence of distinct variables on functioning. METHOD: Using a hierarchical cluster exploratory analysis, 143 euthymic patients with diagnosis of BD were grouped according to their functional performance based on domains scores of the Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST). The resulting groups were compared on sociodemographic, clinical and neurocognitive variables to find factors associated with each functional cluster...
March 5, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465843/awareness-of-medical-fitness-to-drive-guidelines-among-occupational-physicians-and-psychiatrists
#8
M Ryan, R McFadden, E Gilvarry, R Loane, D Whelan, D O'Neill
Irrespective of national guidelines for medical fitness to drive, this study investigated the cumulative expert wisdom of clinicians regarding minimum periods of driving cessation required for patients suffering from conditions that can impair driver capability. Occupational Physicians (196) and Psychiatrists (103) completed an online questionnaire. For private motorists, the modal response for anxiety and depression favoured clinical discretion, followed by three month cessations for hypomania, acute psychosis, schizophrenia and alcohol dependence and six weeks for alcohol misuse/dependence...
December 18, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416863/dimension-of-pain-related-quality-of-life-and-self-reported-mental-health-in-men-and-women-of-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-norfolk-cohort-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#9
Anna Wiedemann, Adrian D Wood, Robert N Luben, Daniel Vogel, Gareth T Jones, Kay-Tee Khaw, Phyo K Myint
Both cognitive and behavioural factors are linked to the experience of pain as well as its interference with quality of life. Psychological distress has been shown to be associated to several emotional and social impairments. Although, the association between pain and mental health has been widely discussed, the understanding of life interference and outcome is not fully understood. This study examined the association of pain dimension and mental health domain in 16,051 participants of the EPIC-Norfolk cohort (mean age = 58...
February 2018: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323521/psychological-processes-in-chronic-embitterment-the-potential-contribution-of-rumination
#10
Joanne M Dunn, Tom Sensky
OBJECTIVE: Chronic embitterment has received considerable attention in terms of its presentation and epidemiology, but there has been relatively little focus on its psychology. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that embitterment is positively correlated with rumination, and that this effect is influenced by positive beliefs about rumination. METHOD: A convenience sample (N = 79) of staff of a health care facility attending its occupational health service completed questionnaires assessing chronic embitterment, work-related rumination (distinguishing affective rumination and problem solving pondering), positive beliefs about rumination, and depression...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306698/gender-differences-in-c-reactive-protein-and-homocysteine-modulation-of-cognitive-performance-and-real-world-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder
#11
M Sanchez-Autet, B Arranz, G Safont, P Sierra, A Garcia-Blanco, L de la Fuente, M Garriga, M P García-Portilla
BACKGROUND: Cognitive and psychosocial impairment has been associated with increased levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and homocysteine in bipolar disorder, but gender differences have seldom been studied. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-four bipolar outpatients were included. Cognitive performance was assessed through the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry (SCIP). Psychosocial functioning was evaluated using the Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) and the General Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176809/association-between-social-support-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-chinese-seafarers-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Jing Xiao, Binjun Huang, Huan Shen, Xiuli Liu, Jie Zhang, Yaqing Zhong, Chuanli Wu, Tianqi Hua, Yuexia Gao
BACKGROUND: Seafarers have reported impaired health and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Social support might increase HRQOL, but little is known about this association among Chinese seafarers. The aim of this study was to describe social support and explore its association with HRQOL among Chinese seafarers. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the ports of Nantong and Rugao, China, from April to December 2013. A total of 917 Chinese seafarers were interviewed on social support, mental distress, perceived occupational stress, and HRQOL using the following self-administered questionnaires: The Social Support Rating Scale, Self-rating Depression Scale, Occupational Stress Questionnaire, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163865/associations-between-neurocognitive-functioning-and-social-and-occupational-resilience-among-south-african-women-exposed-to-childhood-trauma
#13
C A Denckla, N S Consedine, G Spies, M Cherner, D C Henderson, K C Koenen, S Seedat
Background : Prior research on adaptation after early trauma among black South African women typically assessed resilience in ways that lacked contextual specificity. In addition, the neurocognitive correlates of social and occupational resilience have not been investigated. Objective : The primary aim of this exploratory study was to identify domains of neurocognitive functioning associated with social and occupational resilience, defined as functioning at a level beyond what would be expected given exposure to childhood trauma...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161964/suicidal-ideation-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-nr2a-gene-polymorphism-clinical-and-psychosocial-factors
#14
R I Buji, N A Abdul Murad, L F Chan, T Maniam, M S Mohd Shahrir, M Rozita, A S Shamsul, R Mohamad Hussain, N Abdullah, R Jamal, N R Nik Jaafar
Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are a high-risk population for suicide. Glutamatergic neurosystem genes have been implicated in the neurobiology of depression in SLE and suicidal behaviour in general. However, the role of glutamate receptor gene polymorphisms in suicidal behaviour among SLE patients remains unclear in the context of established clinical and psychosocial factors. We aimed to investigate the association of NR2A gene polymorphism with suicidal ideation in SLE while accounting for the interaction between clinical and psychosocial factors...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#15
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
December 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121444/neurocognitive-functioning-clinical-course-and-functional-outcome-in-first-treatment-bipolar-i-disorder-patients-with-and-without-clinical-relapse-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#16
Christine Demmo, Trine V Lagerberg, Levi R Kvitland, Sofie R Aminoff, Tone Hellvin, Carmen Simonsen, Beathe Haatveit, Ole A Andreassen, Ingrid Melle, Torill Ueland
OBJECTIVES: Due to limited research on the association between recurrence of mood episodes and the longitudinal course of neurocognitive functioning in early phase bipolar I disorder (BD I), the impact of recurrence on neurocognition remains unclear. Further, a strong correlation between neurocognitive impairment and functional impairment has been demonstrated. The longitudinal relationship between neurocognitive impairment and functional outcome in relation to recurrence is, however, not established...
November 9, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109914/revisiting-the-tryptophan-serotonin-deficiency-and-the-inflammatory-hypotheses-of-major-depression-in-a-biopsychosocial-approach
#17
Andreas Baranyi, Omid Amouzadeh-Ghadikolai, Dirk von Lewinski, Robert J Breitenecker, Hans-Bernd Rothenhäusler, Christoph Robier, Maria Baranyi, Simon Theokas, Andreas Meinitzer
Background: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify important biopsychosocial correlates of major depression. Biological mechanisms, including the inflammatory and the tryptophan-serotonin deficiency hypotheses of major depression, were investigated alongside health-related quality of life, life satisfaction, and social support. Methods: The concentrations of plasma tryptophan, plasma kynurenine, plasma kynurenic acid, serum quinolinic acid, and the tryptophan breakdown to kynurenine were determined alongside health-related quality of life (Medical Outcome Study Form, SF-36), life satisfaction (Life Satisfaction Questionnaire, FLZ), and social support (Social Support Survey, SSS) in 71 depressive patients at the time of their in-patient admittance and 48 healthy controls...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098105/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-suicide-obsessions-in-a-first-responder-without-previous-diagnosis-of-ocd-or-history-of-suicide-attempts
#18
Vivekananda Rachamallu, Michael M Song, Haiying Liu, Charles L Giles, Terry McMahon
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a distressing and often debilitating disorder characterized by obsessions, compulsions, or both that are time-consuming and cause impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. There are many published studies reporting higher risk of suicidality in OCD patients, as well as studies describing increased risk of suicidality in OCD patients with other comorbid psychiatric conditions such as major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077928/complexity-of-work-and-incident-cognitive-impairment-in-puerto-rican-older-adults
#19
Ross Andel, Ana Luisa Dávila-Roman, Catherine Grotz, Brent J Small, Kyriakos S Markides, Michael Crowe, Shevaun Neupert
Objective: We investigated complexity of work in main occupation in relation to incident cognitive impairment in older Puerto Ricans. Method: A population-based sample of 1,673 adults age 60+ for the Puerto Rican Elderly: Health Conditions (PREHCO) study was used. Cognition was measured at baseline and 4 years later using the Mini-Mental Cabán (MMC), with scoring 1.5 SD below the MMC score adjusted for age, education, gender, and reading ability comprising cognitive impairment...
October 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073885/cognitive-impairment-and-hypertension-in-older-adults-living-in-extreme-poverty-a-cross-sectional-study-in-peru
#20
Maria Lazo-Porras, Victor Ortiz-Soriano, Miguel Moscoso-Porras, Fernando M Runzer-Colmenares, German Málaga, J Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that hypertension is a risk factor for cognitive impairment, but whether this association is also present in extremely poor populations in Low Middle Income Countries settings remains to be studied. Understanding other drivers of cognitive impairment in this unique population also merits attention. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis using data from the "Encuesta de Salud y Bienestar del Adulto Mayor", a regional survey conducted in an extremely poor population of people older than 65 years old from 12 Peruvian cities in 2012...
October 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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