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Depression and occupational impairment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545013/level-of-functioning-perceived-work-ability-and-work-status-among-psychiatric-patients-with-major-mental-disorders
#1
B Karpov, G Joffe, K Aaltonen, J Suvisaari, I Baryshnikov, P Näätänen, M Koivisto, T Melartin, J Oksanen, K Suominen, M Heikkinen, E Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Major mental disorders are highly disabling conditions that result in substantial socioeconomic burden. Subjective and objective measures of functioning or ability to work, their concordance, or risk factors for them may differ between disorders. METHODS: Self-reported level of functioning, perceived work ability, and current work status were evaluated among psychiatric care patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (SSA, n=113), bipolar disorder (BD, n=99), or depressive disorder (DD, n=188) within the Helsinki University Psychiatric Consortium Study...
April 7, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507528/cognitive-impairments-in-occupational-burnout-error-processing-and-its-indices-of-reactive-and-proactive-control
#2
Krystyna Golonka, Justyna Mojsa-Kaja, Magda Gawlowska, Katarzyna Popiel
The presented study refers to cognitive aspects of burnout as the effects of long-term work-related stress. The purpose of the study was to investigate electrophysiological correlates of burnout to explain the mechanisms of the core burnout symptoms: exhaustion and depersonalization/cynicism. The analyzed error-related electrophysiological markers shed light on impaired cognitive mechanisms and the specific changes in information-processing in burnout. In the EEG study design (N = 80), two components of error-related potential (ERP), error-related negativity (ERN), and error positivity (Pe), were analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469046/gender-specific-predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-among-community-elderly
#3
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahla Cheraghi, Mohammad Zamani, Farzan Kheirkhah, Ali Bijani, Seyed Reza Hosseini
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the gender-specific predictors of depressive symptoms among an Iranian elderly community population. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was performed on elderly subjects (aged ≥60 yr) who participated in the Amirkola Health and Aging Project, Amirkola, Babol, northern Iran in 2011-12. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Fourteen variables, including marital status, age, education, occupation, living alone, social support, dependency in daily activities, physical activity, smoking, body mass index, chronic pain, medicine use, comorbidities, and cognitive impairment, were analyzed as predictors of depression...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431447/-return-to-work-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#4
Rona Reibis, Annett Salzwedel, Johannes Falk, Heinz Völler
Vocational reintegration provides a key goal for patients after myocardial infarction both from social as well as from individual perspective. Return to work rate is determined by medical parameters such as left ventricular function, residual ischemia and rhythm stability, as well as by occupational requirement profile such as the blue or white collar work, night shifts and the way capacity. Psycho-social factors including depression, self-assessment of their own situation and pre-existing cognitive impairment to a large extent determine the reintegration...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422422/psychopathology-and-social-functioning-of-42-subjects-from-a-danish-ultra-high-risk-cohort
#5
Helle Karkov Madsen, Dorte Nordholm, Kristine Krakauer, Lasse Randers, Merete Nordentoft
AIM: To make a thorough characterization of the co-morbidity, psychopathology and demographics in the first Danish ultra high-risk (UHR) sample. METHOD: Forty-two UHR subjects went through comprehensive interviews assessing their psychopathology, psychiatric disorders, substance use and family history of psychiatric disorders. RESULTS: All UHR subjects met the criteria of at least 1 axis I diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) and met on average four diagnoses (both axis I and II), mostly within the areas of depression, anxiety and substance abuse...
April 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396407/life-skills-wealth-health-and-wellbeing-in-later-life
#6
Andrew Steptoe, Jane Wardle
Life skills play a key role in promoting educational and occupational success in early life, but their relevance at older ages is uncertain. Here we measured five life skills-conscientiousness, emotional stability, determination, control, and optimism-in 8,119 men and women aged 52 and older (mean 66.7 y). We show that the number of skills is associated with wealth, income, subjective wellbeing, less depression, low social isolation and loneliness, more close relationships, better self-rated health, fewer chronic diseases and impaired activities of daily living, faster walking speed, and favorable objective biomarkers (concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, vitamin D and C-reactive protein, and less central obesity)...
April 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360789/social-aspect-of-functioning-deteriorates-more-than-individual-aspect-in-patients-with-remitted-bipolar-disorder
#7
Arzu Tiğli Filizer, Cem Cerit, Başak Tüzün, Ahmet Tamer Aker
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have demonstrated that patients with bipolar disorder (BD) suffer from significant functional impairment, even during remission periods. This study aimed to assess the levels of overall functioning and specific areas of functioning in remitted patients with BD compared with those in healthy controls. METHODS: Eighty completely remitted patients with BD and 80 healthy controls were included in the study. The Bipolar Disorder Functioning Questionnaire (BDFQ), Young Mania Rating Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory were used...
June 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319690/depression-and-executive-functioning-deficits-predict-poor-occupational-functioning-in-a-large-longitudinal-sample-with-bipolar-disorder
#8
Lisa A O'Donnell, Patricia J Deldin, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Melvin G McInnis, Jenna Weintraub, Kelly A Ryan, Joseph A Himle
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is characterized by impairments in psychosocial functioning with occupational disability being one of the most significant. Depression and neurocognitive deficits are features of BD most commonly associated with poor occupational functioning (OF). Few studies have examined these features over an extended period of time focusing on distinct aspects of work functioning. METHODS: This longitudinal study included 273 adults with bipolar I disorder (N=173), bipolar II disorder (N=69), and bipolar not otherwise specified (N=31)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273318/functional-outcomes-of-the-low-vision-depression-prevention-trial-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#9
Ashley D Deemer, Robert W Massof, Barry W Rovner, Robin J Casten, Catherine V Piersol
Purpose: To compare the efficacy of behavioral activation (BA) plus low vision rehabilitation with an occupational therapist (OT-LVR) with supportive therapy (ST) on visual function in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Single-masked, attention-controlled, randomized clinical trial with AMD patients with subsyndromal depressive symptoms (n = 188). All subjects had two outpatient low vision rehabilitation optometry visits, then were randomized to in-home BA + OT-LVR or ST...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267103/psychosocial-factors-related-to-functional-restoration-treatment-completion-and-return-to-function-for-patients-with-chronic-disabling-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders
#10
Krista J Howard, Ricardo A Castaneda, Avia L Gray, Kelly B Haskard-Zolnierek, Krista Jordan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify demographic and psychosocial variables associated with successful completion of a functional restoration program and return-to-function within 3 months of treatment completion. METHODS: Three hundred seven patients admitted to the functional restoration program were evaluated for completion status and 200 patients with valid data were assessed for 3-month return-to-function status following completion. Psychosocial and functional status was assessed at baseline...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179386/cognitive-impairment-and-depressive-symptoms-coexisting-in-an-elderly-man
#11
Ruziana Masiran, Nicholas Tze Ping Pang
We report a case of a man aged 67 years presenting with recent depressive symptoms and paranoid ideations in addition to 1-year cognitive impairment. He has vascular risk factors and family history of memory loss. An episode of depression 2 decades ago resolved spontaneously but was followed by occupational decline. On mental state examination, he denied having depressed mood, hallucinations or delusions, but there were prominent word-finding difficulties and impaired attention and concentration.
February 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043206/associations-between-adhd-symptoms-and-occupational-interpersonal-and-daily-life-impairments-among-pregnant-women
#12
Laura D Eddy, Heather A Jones, Daniel Snipes, Nicole Karjane, Dace Svikis
OBJECTIVE: Past research links symptoms of depression and anxiety with functional impairments among pregnant women. However, no prior research has examined the impact of ADHD symptoms among this population. The current study examines associations between ADHD symptoms and impairment in several life domains. METHOD: Self-report measures of ADHD symptoms, impairment, and demographic information were collected from 250 pregnant women at an urban women's health clinic in the Southeast...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901522/the-effect-of-remission-status-on-work-functioning-in-employed-patients-treated-for-major-depressive-disorder
#13
David Sarfati, Kurtis Stewart, Cindy Woo, Sagar V Parikh, Lakshmi N Yatham, Raymond W Lam
BACKGROUND: The ability to function at work is impaired in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) but few clinical trials include occupational outcome assessments. This study examined whether symptom remission following treatment for MDD is associated with work functioning improvement. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of a 12-week randomized clinical trial comparing escitalopram with or without telephone-administered cognitive therapy in employed patients with MDD (N = 86)...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869250/preliminary-analyses-of-psychometric-characteristics-of-the-polish-version-of-the-obsessive-compulsive-inventory-revised-oci-r-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#14
Justyna Mojsa-Kaja, Krystyna Golonka, Magda Gawłowska
OBJECTIVES: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety-spectrum disorder that affects 1-2% of the adult population. People with OCD are more likely to report impaired social and occupational functioning. Although effective treatments of the OCD exist, many sufferers from this disorder are continuously misdiagnosed. Therefore, improving the assessment of the OCD remains an important area of scientific research. The main goal of the study is the initial verification of psychometric properties in the Polish version of the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) in a college student sample...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855769/-cognitive-impairment-after-depression-leads-to-disability
#15
Anja Friis Elliott, Morten Dvoracek Hell, Abigail Sheldrick-Michel, Bent Nielsen
Cognitive impairment plays a crucial role in the course of depression and often persists after remission, which leads to considerable socio-occupational disability. In detecting cognitive deficits, the Danish translation of the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry has proven useful. No current pharmacotherapy has been approved for treating cognitive dysfunction in depression, but selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors may have beneficial effects. Cognitive computer training and psychoeducation are promising in the treatment of cognitive impairment associated with depression...
November 7, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837572/clinical-and-cognitive-factors-affecting-psychosocial-functioning-in-remitted-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#16
G Konstantakopoulos, N Ioannidi, M Typaldou, D Sakkas, P Oulis
Impaired interpersonal, social, and occupational functioning is very often observed in patients with bipolar disorder, not only at the acute stages of the illness but in remission as well. This finding raises the question of multiple factors that might affect psychosocial functioning in bipolar patients, such as residual subsyndromal symptoms and neuropsychological deficits. Social cognition impairment, especially impaired Theory of Mind (ToM), might also play an important role in bipolar patients' every-day functioning, similarly to what was found in patients with schizophrenia...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828887/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-for-trauma-operationalizing-the-trauma-quality-improvement-program-directive
#17
Stephanie Devore, Sara E Parli, Douglas R Oyler, Andrew Bernard
Elderly patients are the fastest growing trauma demographic and present some of the most complicated clinical challenges. This feasibility study employed observational data from a geriatric cohort. Comprehensive geriatric assessments (CGAs) were performed biweekly on eligible patients, 65 years or older, who met screening criteria. Mobility, activities of daily living impairment, frailty, and depression were screened and documented, and along with summative recommendations, were entered into the medical record, communicated to the patient's primary care provider, and discussed with family...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776985/depression-among-nonfrail-old-men-is-associated-with-reduced-physical-function-and-functional-capacity-after-9%C3%A2-years-follow-up-the-health-in-men-cohort-study
#18
Osvaldo P Almeida, Graeme J Hankey, Bu B Yeap, Jonathan Golledge, Keith D Hill, Leon Flicker
BACKGROUND: Older adults with depression have increased risk of frailty and death. OBJECTIVE: To determine if history of depression hinders future physical and functional capacity. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective longitudinal cohort study of 1148 men aged 70-87 years who were living in the Perth metropolitan community in 2001-2004 and completed a follow-up assessment of physical and functional capacity in 2011-2012. MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURES: Outcomes were collected in 2011-2012 and included 4 measures of physical function (timed up-and-go, timed sit-to-stand, functional reach, and step test) and the assessment of basic (activities of daily living) and instrumental activities of daily living...
January 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760534/broader-conceptualization-of-remission-assessed-by-the-remission-from-depression-questionnaire-and-its-association-with-symptomatic-remission-a-prospective-multicenter-observational-study
#19
Alonso Montoya, Jeremie Lebrec, Karen Mary Keane, Irene Fregenal, Antonio Ciudad, Ángel Moríñigo, Luis Agüera-Ortiz, Irene Romera, Inmaculada Gilaberte, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Goals of treating major depressive disorder (MDD) include achieving remission and avoiding relapse. It is possible that patients may have a broader view of remission than what is captured via clinician-rated scales. This patient perspective may, in turn, have an impact on treatment outcomes. METHODS: The association between a broader conceptualization of remission, based on the Remission from Depression Questionnaire (RDQ) score at baseline, and being in symptomatic remission after 6 months was evaluated in subjects (N = 613) with MDD in symptomatic remission at baseline (17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [HAMD-17] ≤7)...
October 19, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747546/restraint-use-and-risky-driving-behaviors-across-drug-types-and-drug-and-alcohol-combinations-for-drivers-involved-in-a-fatal-motor-vehicle-collision-on-u-s-roadways
#20
Chang Liu, Yanlan Huang, Joyce C Pressley
BACKGROUND: While driving impaired is a well-recognized risk factor for motor vehicle (MV) crash, recent trends in recreational drug use and abuse may pose increased threats to occupant safety. This study examines mechanisms through which drug and/or alcohol combinations contribute to fatal MV crash. METHODS: The Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) for 2008-2013 was used to examine drugs, alcohol, driver restraint use, driver violations/errors and other behaviors of drivers of passenger vehicles who were tested for both alcohol and drugs (n = 79,932)...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
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