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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138559/human-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-iron-oxide-exosomes-allow-targeted-ablation-of-tumor-cells-via-magnetic-hyperthermia
#1
U Altanerova, M Babincova, P Babinec, K Benejova, J Jakubechova, V Altanerova, M Zduriencikova, V Repiska, C Altaner
Magnetic hyperthermia, or the heating of tissues using magnetic materials, is a promising approach for treating cancer. We found that human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from various tissues and MSCs expressing the yeast cytosine deaminase∷uracil phosphoribosyl transferase suicide fusion gene (yCD∷UPRT) can be labeled with Venofer, an iron oxide carbohydrate nanoparticle. Venofer labeling did not affect cell proliferation or the ability to home to tumors. All Venofer-labeled MSCs released exosomes that contained iron oxide...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136157/depletion-of-recombination-specific-co-factors-by-the-c-terminal-mutant-of-the-activation-induced-cytidine-deaminase-causes-the-dominant-negative-effect-on-class-switch-recombination
#2
Azza Al Ismail, Afzal Husain, Maki Kobayashi, Tasuku Honjo, Nasim A Begum
Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is essential for class-switch recombination (CSR) and somatic hypermutation (SHM) of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes. Studies on in vitro mutagenized AID as well as its mutations in human patients with Hyper-IgM (HIGM)-syndrome type II revealed that C-terminal AID mutations were defective in CSR whereas their DNA cleavage and SHM activities remained intact. The C-terminal mutants of AID were speculated to exert the dominant negative effect on wild type WT AID whereas its mechanism remains unknown...
November 10, 2017: International Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132233/prospects-for-modulating-the-cd40-cd40l-pathway-in-the-therapy-of-the-hyper-igm-syndrome
#3
Xiangxue Meng, Bin Yang, Wen-Chen Suen
The critical role of the CD40/CD40L pathway in B-cell proliferation, immunoglobulin (Ig) isotype switching and germinal center formation has been studied and described extensively in previous literature. Interruption of the CD40/CD40L signal causes hyper-IgM (HIGM) syndrome, which has been classified and recognized as a group of rare inherited immune deficiency disorders. Defects in CD40 and CD40L interactions or in downstream signaling molecules, including activation-induced cytidine deaminase, uracyl-DNA-glycosylase, NF-κB and DNA repair enzymes, result in an increased level of serum IgM and a significantly decreased or absent level of IgA, IgG and IgE that is accompanied by severe recurrent infections and autoimmune diseases...
January 1, 2017: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129909/rna-editing-by-adar1-leads-to-context-dependent-transcriptome-wide-changes-in-rna-secondary-structure
#4
Oz Solomon, Ayelet Di Segni, Karen Cesarkas, Hagit T Porath, Victoria Marcu-Malina, Orel Mizrahi, Noam Stern-Ginossar, Nitzan Kol, Sarit Farage-Barhom, Efrat Glick-Saar, Yaniv Lerenthal, Erez Y Levanon, Ninette Amariglio, Ron Unger, Itamar Goldstein, Eran Eyal, Gidi Rechavi
Adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 1 (ADAR1) is the master RNA editor, catalyzing the deamination of adenosine to inosine. RNA editing is vital for preventing abnormal activation of cytosolic nucleic acid sensing pathways by self-double-stranded RNAs. Here we determine, by parallel analysis of RNA secondary structure sequencing (PARS-seq), the global RNA secondary structure changes in ADAR1 deficient cells. Surprisingly, ADAR1 silencing resulted in a lower global double-stranded to single-stranded RNA ratio, suggesting that A-to-I editing can stabilize a large subset of imperfect RNA duplexes...
November 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129707/apobec3b-edits-hbv-dna-and-inhibits-hbv-replication-during-reverse-transcription
#5
Yanmeng Chen, Jie Hu, Xuefei Cai, Yao Huang, Xing Zhou, Zeng Tu, Jieli Hu, John E Tavis, Ni Tang, Ailong Huang, Yuan Hu
Hepatitis B virus is a partially double-stranded DNA virus that replicates by reverse transcription, which occurs within viral core particles in the cytoplasm. The cytidine deaminase APOBEC3B is a cellular restriction factor for HBV. Recently, it was reported that APOBEC3B can edit HBV cccDNA in the nucleus, causing its degradation. However, whether and how it can edit HBV core-associated DNAs during reverse transcription is unclear. Our studies to address this question revealed the following: First, silencing endogenous APOBEC3B in an HBV infection system lead to upregulation of HBV replication...
November 9, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127500/distinct-communities-of-poplar-endophytes-on-an-unpolluted-and-a-risk-element-polluted-site-and-their-plant-growth-promoting-potential-in-vitro
#6
C S Schmidt, P Lovecká, L Mrnka, A Vychodilová, M Strejček, M Fenclová, K Demnerová
Numerous studies demonstrated that endophytic microbes can promote plant growth and increase plant stress resistance. We aimed at isolating poplar endophytes able to increase their hosts' fitness both in nutrient-limited and polluted environments. To achieve this goal, endophytic bacteria and fungi were isolated from roots and leaves of hybrid poplars (Populus nigra × P. maximowiczii clone Max-4) on an unpolluted and a risk element-polluted site in the Czech Republic and subsequently screened by a number of in vitro tests...
November 10, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127187/apobec2-deficiency-causes-mitochondrial-defects-and-mitophagy-in-skeletal-muscle
#7
Yusuke Sato, Hideaki Ohtsubo, Naohiro Nihei, Takane Kaneko, Yoriko Sato, Shin-Ichi Adachi, Shinji Kondo, Mako Nakamura, Wataru Mizunoya, Hiroshi Iida, Ryuichi Tatsumi, Cristina Rada, Fumiaki Yoshizawa
Apobec2 is a member of the activation-induced deaminase/apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide cytidine deaminase family expressed in differentiated skeletal and cardiac muscle. We previously reported that Apobec2 deficiency in mice leads to a shift in muscle fiber type, myopathy, and diminished muscle mass. However, the mechanisms of myopathy caused by Apobec2 deficiency and its physiologic functions are unclear. Here we show that, although Apobec2 localizes to the sarcomeric Z-lines in mouse tissue and cultured myotubes, the sarcomeric structure is not affected in Apobec2-deficient muscle...
November 10, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126790/translational-research-exploring-and-creating-genetic-diversity
#8
REVIEW
Pierre Jacob, Adi Avni, Abdelhafid Bendahmane
The crop selection process has created a genetic bottleneck ultimately restricting breeding output. Wild relatives of major crops as well as the so-called 'neglected plant' species represent a reservoir of genetic diversity that remains underutilized. These species could be used as a tool to discover new alleles of agronomic interest or could be the target of breeding programs. Targeted induced local lesions in the genome (TILLING) can be used to translate in neglected crops what has been discovered in major crops and reciprocally...
November 7, 2017: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123884/a-case-of-cerebral-tuberculoma-mimicking-neurocysticercosis
#9
Hiroko Yuzawa, Yousuke Hirose, Tomonori Kimura, Sho Kimura, Hisanori Sugawara, Asako Yanagisawa, Sono Toi, Takashi Ohashi, Tomohito Sadahiro
Case: A 42-year-old Peruvian woman residing in Japan for 11 years with a family history of neurocysticercosis presented to our intensive care unit with fever and intense headache.Computed tomography indicated multiple micronodular lesions in the brain parenchyma, and cerebral tuberculoma and neurocysticercosis were considered in the differential diagnosis. Neurocysticercosis was initially suspected, and oral praziquantel was initiated. However, because of a high adenosine deaminase level in the cerebrospinal fluid and positive peripheral blood interferon gamma release test result, cerebral tuberculoma was subsequently considered...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122947/phosphorylation-promotes-activation-induced-cytidine-deaminase-activity-at-the-myc-oncogene
#10
Yunxiang Mu, Monika A Zelazowska, Kevin M McBride
Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is a mutator enzyme that targets immunoglobulin (Ig) genes to initiate antibody somatic hypermutation (SHM) and class switch recombination (CSR). Off-target AID association also occurs, which causes oncogenic mutations and chromosome rearrangements. However, AID occupancy does not directly correlate with DNA damage, suggesting that factors beyond AID association contribute to mutation targeting. CSR and SHM are regulated by phosphorylation on AID serine38 (pS38), but the role of pS38 in off-target activity has not been evaluated...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122710/adenosine-deaminase-activity-and-gene-expression-patterns-are-altered-after-chronic-ethanol-exposure-in-zebrafish-brain
#11
Eduardo Pacheco Rico, Denis Broock Rosemberg, Jotele Fontana Agostini Berteli, Andrei da Silveira Langoni, André Arigony Souto, Maurício Reis Bogo, Carla Denise Bonan, Diogo Onofre Souza
Ethanol alters the homeostasis between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters and its intoxication reveals adenosine as responsible to modify several responses including signal transduction. Zebrafish has been recently investigated for knowledge the prolonged effect of ethanol on behavioral and biochemical parameters. The aim of this study was to evaluate the soluble and membrane adenosine deaminase activities and gene expression in zebrafish brain. Animals were exposed to 0.5% ethanol for 7, 14, and 28days...
November 6, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113399/dck-expression-a-potential-predictive-biomarker-in-the-adjuvant-gemcitabine-chemotherapy-for-biliary-tract-cancer-after-surgical-resection-results-from-a-phase-ii-study
#12
Sang Myung Woo, Kyong-Ah Yoon, Eun Kyung Hong, Weon Seo Park, Sung-Sik Han, Sang-Jae Park, Jungnam Joo, Eun Young Park, Ju Hee Lee, Yun-Hee Kim, Tae Hyun Kim, Woo Jin Lee
The role of adjuvant therapy following resection of biliary tract cancer (BTC) remains unclear. We therefore evaluated the feasibility and toxicity of adjuvant gemcitabine in patients with BTC. This clinical phase II trial was an open-label, single center, single-arm study. Within 8 weeks after gross complete resection of BTC, patients were started on intravenous infusions of gemcitabine 1000 mg/m(2) over 30 min on days 1, 8, and 15 of every 28-day cycle. Intratumoral expression of cytidine deaminase (CDA), human equilibrative transporter-1 (hENT1), deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) and ribonucleotide reductase subunit 1 (RRM1) was measured by immunohistochemistry...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109733/plant-growth-promoting-rhizobacteria-in-amelioration-of-salinity-stress-a-systems-biology-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Gayathri Ilangumaran, Donald L Smith
Salinity affects plant growth and is a major abiotic stress that limits crop productivity. It is well-understood that environmental adaptations and genetic traits regulate salinity tolerance in plants, but imparting the knowledge gained towards crop improvement remain arduous. Harnessing the potential of beneficial microorganisms present in the rhizosphere is an alternative strategy for improving plant stress tolerance. This review intends to elucidate the understanding of salinity tolerance mechanisms attributed by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103756/multi-modality-analysis-supports-apobec-as-a-major-source-of-mutations-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#14
Daniel L Faden, Sean Thomas, Paul G Cantalupo, Nishant Agrawal, Jeffrey Myers, Joseph DeRisi
OBJECTIVES: The mutagenic processes underlying head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are poorly understood. Pan-cancer mutational signature analyses have identified a signature for APOBEC, a cytosine deaminase, in a subset of cancers, including HNSCC. The role of APOBEC activity in HNSCC remains poorly understood. Therefore, we sought to determine the role of APOBEC in HNSCC pathogenesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Utilizing bioinformatic approaches we explored the role of APOBEC mediated mutations in tumor exomes, transcriptomes and germline exomes from 511HNSCC patients in the TCGA...
November 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100527/hpv11-e6-mutation-by-overexpression-of-apobec3a-and-effects-of-interferon-%C3%AF-on-apobec3s-and-hpv11-e6-expression-in-hpv11-hacat-cells
#15
Yongfang Wang, Xinyu Li, Shasha Song, Yang Sun, Jiafen Zhang, Changming Yu, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: Condyloma acuminatum, infected by low-risk human papillomaviruses (e.g., HPV6 and HPV11), is one of the most widespread sexually transmitted diseases. Apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide-like 3 proteins (APOBEC3s, A3s) are cellular cytidine deaminases acting as antiviral factors through hypermutation of viral genome. However, it remains unknown whether A3s results in HPV11 gene mutations and interferon-ω (IFN-ω) exhibits antiviral activities through the A3s system...
November 3, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100269/activation-induced-cytidine-deaminase-prevents-pro-b-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-by-functioning-as-a-negative-regulator-in-rag1-deficient-pro-b-cells
#16
Franziska Auer, Deborah Ingenhag, Stefan Pinkert, Sven Kracker, Salima Hacein-Bey-Abina, Marina Cavazzana, Michael Gombert, Alberto Martin-Lorenzo, Min-Hui Lin, Carolina Vicente-Dueñas, Isidro Sánchez-García, Arndt Borkhardt, Julia Hauer
Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is essential for somatic hypermutation and class switch recombination in mature B-cells, while AID was also shown to play a role in developing pre-BCR/BCR-positive B-cells of the bone marrow. To further elucidate a potential function of Aid in the bone marrow prior to V(D)J-recombination, we utilized an in vivo model which exerts a B-cell developmental arrest at the pro-B cell stage with low frequencies of pro-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pro-B ALL) development...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097476/genome-sequencing-of-microbacterium-sp-yaish-1-a-bacterial-strain-isolated-from-the-rhizosphere-of-date-palm-trees-affected-by-salinity
#17
Gerry Aplang Jana, Rashid Al-Yahyai, Mahmoud W Yaish
Microbacterium sp. strain Yaish 1 is a rhizospheric bacterium isolated from date palm orchards with high soil salinity. The genome was sequenced, and genes coding for growth-promoting 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase, siderophore-producing proteins, and tryptophan biosynthesis proteins were identified. Here, we report the draft whole-genome sequencing of the strain.
November 2, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095874/effects-of-ampd1-common-mutation-on-the-metabolic-chronotropic-relationship-insights-from-patients-with-myoadenylate-deaminase-deficiency
#18
Fabrice Rannou, Virginie Scotet, Pascale Marcorelles, Roxane Monnoyer, Cédric Le Maréchal
PURPOSE: Current evidence indicates that the common AMPD1 gene variant is associated with improved survival in patients with advanced heart failure. Whilst adenosine has been recognized to mediate the cardioprotective effect of C34T AMPD1, the precise pathophysiologic mechanism involved remains undefined to date. To address this issue, we used cardio-pulmonary exercise testing data (CPX) from subjects with myoadenylate deaminase (MAD) defects. METHODS: From 2009 to 2013, all the patients referred in our laboratory to perform a metabolic exercise testing, i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095155/structural-studies-of-domain-movement-in-active-site-mutants-of-porphobilinogen-deaminase-from-bacillus-megaterium
#19
Jingxu Guo, Peter Erskine, Alun R Coker, Steve P Wood, Jonathan B Cooper
The enzyme porphobilinogen deaminase (PBGD) is one of the key enzymes in tetrapyrrole biosynthesis. It catalyses the formation of a linear tetrapyrrole from four molecules of the substrate porphobilinogen (PBG). It has a dipyrromethane cofactor (DPM) in the active site which is covalently linked to a conserved cysteine residue through a thioether bridge. The substrate molecules are linked to the cofactor in a stepwise head-to-tail manner during the reaction, which is catalysed by a conserved aspartate residue: Asp82 in the B...
November 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091862/the-anti-hyperuricemic-effect-of-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-egcg-on-hyperuricemic-mice
#20
Chuang Zhu, Yan Xu, Zeng-Hui Liu, Xiao-Chun Wan, Da-Xiang Li, Ling-Ling Tai
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major constituent of green tea catechin, has been used for antioxidant. This study aimed to evaluate the antihyperuricemic activity of EGCG on hyperuricemic mice. We demonstrated that serum uric acid (UA) level was decreased significantly with dose-dependence by EGCG treated with 10, 20, and 50mg/kg. Compared with the model, data on blood urea nitrogen (BUN) supported that there was significance with high dose of EGCG (50mg/kg). Levels of serum creatinine (Cr) in each EGCG-treated group were decreased but not significant; the activities of hepatic xanthine oxidase (XOD) and adenosine deaminase (ADA) in high dose groups' EGCG were notably lower than those of model group...
October 26, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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