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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944839/alteration-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-cytokines-induces-apoptosis-in-diabetic-nephropathy
#1
Jibin Sha, Bo Sui, Xiaoqing Su, Qingfang Meng, Chenggang Zhang
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most significant long‑term complications in terms of morbidity and mortality for diabetic patients; however, the exact cause remains unknown. To address this, the DN model was established, and oxidative stress indexes, including malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH‑Px), and inflammatory cytokines, includinginterleukin‑6 (IL‑6), tumor necrosis factor‑alpha (TNF‑α) and transforming growth factor‑beta (TGF‑β), were examined by ELISA...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944471/a-composite-of-exhaled-ltb4-lxa4-feno-and-fev1-as-an-asthma-classification-ratio-characterizes-childhood-asthma
#2
Li-Chen Chen, Hsu-Min Tseng, Ming-Ling Kuo, Chih-Yung Chiu, Sui-Ling Liao, Kuan-Wen Su, Ming-Han Tsai, Man-Chin Hua, Shen-Hao Lai, Tsung-Chieh Yao, Kuo-Wei Yeh, Ai-Hsuan Wu, Jing-Long Huang, Shau-Ku Huang
BACKGROUND: Aberrant generation of eicosanoids is associated with asthma, but the evidence remains incomplete and its potential utility as biomarkers is unclear. Major eicosanoids in exhaled breath condensates (EBCs) were assessed as candidate markers for childhood asthma. METHODS: Ten exhaled eicosanoid species was evaluated using ELISA in the discovery phase, followed by prediction model-building and validation phases. RESULTS: Exhaled LTB4 , LTE4 , PGE2 and LXA4 showed significant difference between asthmatics (N=60) and controls (N=20)...
September 25, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944389/synthesis-structure-and-photophysics-of-copper-i-triphenylphosphine-complexes-with-functionalized-3-2-pyrimidinyl-1-2-4-triazole-ligands
#3
Jing-Lin Chen, Xue-Hua Zeng, Yan-Sheng Luo, Wan-Man Wang, Li-Hua He, Sui-Jun Liu, He-Rui Wen, Shuping Huang, Li Liu, Wai-Yeung Wong
A series of new mononuclear and dinuclear copper(i) triphenylphosphine complexes with functionalized 3-(2'-pyrimidinyl)-1,2,4-triazole ligands have been synthesized and characterized, in which functionalized 3-(2'-pyrimidinyl)-1,2,4-triazole adopts neutral mono- and bis-chelating coordination modes and a mono-anionic bis-chelating binding manner due to the 1,2,4-triazolyl-NH deprotonation. All these Cu(i) complexes display a relatively weak low-energy absorption in a CH2Cl2 solution, ascribed to the charge-transfer transitions with appreciable MLCT character, as suggested by TD-DFT analyses...
September 25, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943778/the-destruction-of-benzene-by-calcium-peroxide-activated-with-fe-ii-in-water
#4
Yunfei Xue, Xiaogang Gu, Shuguang Lu, Zhouwei Miao, Mark L Brusseau, Minhui Xu, Xiaori Fu, Xiang Zhang, Zhaofu Qiu, Qian Sui
The ability of Fe(II)-activated calcium peroxide (CaO2) to remove benzene is examined with a series of batch experiments. The results showed that benzene concentrations were reduced by 20 to 100% within 30 min. The magnitude of removal was dependent on the CaO2/Fe(II)/Benzene molar ratio, with much greater destruction observed for ratios of 4/4/1 or greater. An empirical equation was developed to quantify the destruction rate dependence on reagent composition. The presence of oxidative hydroxyl radicals (HO(•)) and reductive radicals (primarily O2(•-)) was identified by probe compound testing and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) tests...
October 15, 2016: Chemical Engineering Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943372/gender-differences-in-the-urology-residency-match-does-it-make-a-difference
#5
Carrie M Aisen, Wilson Sui, Jamie S Pak, Matthew Pagano, Kimberly L Cooper, Gina M Badalato
OBJECTIVES: To assess the differences between the male and female urology resident applicant pool. Urology is a competitive field with a selective match process. Women have historically been a minority in medicine. While this has equalized, women continue to be underrepresented in urology. METHODS: All application submitted through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) to the Columbia University Department of Urology for the 2015 and 2016 match were reviewed...
September 21, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942051/clinical-cystoisosporosis-associated-to-porcine-cytomegalovirus-pcmv-suid-herpesvirus-2-infection-in-fattening-pigs
#6
Walter Basso, Hanna Marti, Monika Hilbe, Titus Sydler, Anina Stahel, Esther Bürgi, Xaver Sidler
Cystoisospora (syn. Isospora) suis is the causative agent of neonatal porcine coccidiosis and one of the main causes of diarrhoea in suckling piglets worldwide. Infection with porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV, Suid herpesvirus 2) causes inclusion body rhinitis in pigs. In a Swiss pig herd (n=2 boars, 7 sows, 2 gilts, 18 finishing pigs, 30 fattening pigs, 54 suckling piglets), an outbreak of PCMV infection with high morbidity in all age categories, characterized by fever, anorexia, reduced general condition, respiratory signs and increased piglet mortality, was diagnosed by histopathology and molecular methods...
September 20, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941982/immune-efficacy-of-an-adenoviral-vector-based-swine-influenza-vaccine-against-antigenically-distinct-h1n1-strains-in-mice
#7
Yunpu Wu, Dawei Yang, Bangfeng Xu, Wenhua Liang, Jinyu Sui, Yan Chen, Huanliang Yang, Hualan Chen, Ping Wei, Chuanling Qiao
Avian-like H1N1 swine influenza viruses are prevalent in pigs and have occasionally crossed the species barrier and infected humans, which highlights the importance of preventing swine influenza. Human adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) has been tested in human influenza vaccine clinical trials and has exhibited a reliable safety profile. Here, we generated a replication-defective, recombinant adenovirus (designated as rAd5-avH1HA) expressing the hemagglutinin gene of an avian-like H1N1 virus (A/swine/Zhejiang/199/2013, ZJ/199/13)...
September 20, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941138/prolapse-surgery-with-or-without-incontinence-procedure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
J Marinus van der Ploeg, Annemarie van der Steen, Sandra Zwolsman, C Huub van der Vaart, Jan-Paul W R Roovers
BACKGROUND: To reduce the risk of postoperative stress urinary incontinence (POSUI) prolapse repair might be combined with incontinence surgery. OBJECTIVES: Compare efficacy and safety of prolapse surgery with and without incontinence surgery. SEARCH STRATEGY: Including our earlier review a systematic search in PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and the Register of Current Controlled Trials was performed from 1995 to 2017. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised trials comparing prolapse surgery with a midurethral sling (MUS) or Burch colposuspension...
September 22, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940759/the-bottle-gourd-genome-provides-insights-into-cucurbitaceae-evolution-and-facilitates-mapping-of-a-papaya-ringspot-virus-resistance-locus
#9
Shan Wu, Md Shamimuzzaman, Honghe Sun, Jerome Salse, Xuelian Sui, Alan Wilder, Zujian Wu, Amnon Levi, Yong Xu, Kai-Shu Ling, Zhangjun Fei
Bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) is an important vegetable crop as well as a rootstock for other cucurbit crops. In this study, we report a high-quality 313.4-Mb genome sequence of a bottle gourd inbred line, USVL1VR-Ls, with a scaffold N50 of 8.7 Mb and the longest of 19.0 Mb. About 98.3% of the assembled scaffolds are anchored to the 11 pseudomolecules. Our comparative genomic analysis identifies chromosome-level syntenic relationships between bottle gourd and other cucurbits, as well as lineage-specific gene family expansions in bottle gourd...
September 23, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939445/identification-of-pig-specific-cryptosporidium-species-in-mixed-infections-using-illumina-sequencing-technology
#10
A Kaupke, J Gawor, A Rzeżutka, R Gromadka
Nowadays molecular methods are widely used in epidemiological studies of Cryptosporidium infections in humans and animals. However to gain better understanding of parasite species or genotypes, especially when mixed infections are noticed, highly sensitive tools with adequate resolution power need to be employed. In this article, we report an application of the next generation sequencing method (NGS) for detection and characterisation of Cryptosporidium species concurrently present in pig faeces. A mixture of Cryptosporidium DNA obtained from two faecal samples was amplified at the 18 SSU rRNA gene locus and the resulting amplicons were subsequently used for MiSeq sequencing...
September 19, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939359/streptococcus-suis-meningitis-can-require-a-prolonged-treatment-course
#11
Jean Dejace, Emily Wood, Patrick Bagley
We report a case of recrudescent Streptococcus suis meningitis requiring a prolonged treatment course. A few similar cases can be found in the burgeoning literature on what remains a relatively uncommon disease in humans, and these patients should be monitored carefully upon completion of therapy.
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937588/robust-dehaze-algorithm-for-degraded-image-of-cmos-image-sensors
#12
Chen Qu, Du-Yan Bi, Ping Sui, Ai-Nong Chao, Yun-Fei Wang
The CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor) is a new type of solid image sensor device widely used in object tracking, object recognition, intelligent navigation fields, and so on. However, images captured by outdoor CMOS sensor devices are usually affected by suspended atmospheric particles (such as haze), causing a reduction in image contrast, color distortion problems, and so on. In view of this, we propose a novel dehazing approach based on a local consistent Markov random field (MRF) framework. The neighboring clique in traditional MRF is extended to the non-neighboring clique, which is defined on local consistent blocks based on two clues, where both the atmospheric light and transmission map satisfy the character of local consistency...
September 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936220/de-novo-assembly-of-the-camellia-nitidissima-transcriptome-reveals-key-genes-of-flower-pigment-biosynthesis
#13
Xingwen Zhou, Jiyuan Li, Yulin Zhu, Sui Ni, Jinling Chen, Xiaojuan Feng, Yunfeng Zhang, Shuangquan Li, Hongguang Zhu, Yuanguang Wen
The golden camellia, Camellia nitidissima Chi., is a well-known ornamental plant that is known as "the queen of camellias" because of its golden yellow flowers. The principal pigments in the flowers are carotenoids and flavonol glycosides. Understanding the biosynthesis of the golden color and its regulation is important in camellia breeding. To obtain a comprehensive understanding of flower development in C. nitidissima, a number of cDNA libraries were independently constructed during flower development. Using the Illumina Hiseq2500 platform, approximately 71...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935482/incidence-rate-of-breakthrough-varicella-observed-in-healthy-children-after-1-or-2-doses-of-varicella-vaccine-results-from-a-meta-analysis
#14
Sui Zhu, Fangfang Zeng, Lan Xia, Hong He, Juying Zhang
BACKGROUND: Although extensive varicella vaccination coverage has been reported in many countries, breakthrough varicella (BV) still occurs in healthy children. We performed a meta-analysis to understand whether 2 varicella vaccine doses are needed in children and, if so, to determine the best time to vaccinate. METHODS: The BV incidence rates after 1 or 2 doses of varicella vaccine were pooled using random effects, and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to estimate the risk factors after vaccination...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934224/identification-and-analysis-of-differentially-expressed-long-non-coding-rnas-between-multiparous-and-uniparous-goat-capra-hircus-ovaries
#15
Yinghui Ling, Lina Xu, Long Zhu, Menghua Sui, Qi Zheng, Wenyong Li, Yong Liu, Fugui Fang, Xiaorong Zhang
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in almost all biological processes. However, there is little information on the effects of lncRNAs on ovulation and lambing rates. In the present study, we used high-throughput RNA sequencing to identify differentially expressed lncRNAs between the ovaries of multiparous (Mul) and uniparous (Uni) Anhui White goats. Among the 107,255,422 clean reads, 183,754 lncRNAs were significantly differentially expressed between the Uni and Mul. Among them, 455 lncRNAs were co-expressed between the two samples, whereas, 157,523 lncRNAs were uniquely expressed in the Uni, and 25,776 uniquely lncRNAs were expressed in the Mul...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934021/browning-of-abdominal-aorta-perivascular-adipose-tissue-inhibits-adipose-tissue-inflammation
#16
Run-Mei Li, Sui-Qing Chen, Ning-Xi Zeng, Shu-Hui Zheng, Li Guan, Hai-Mei Liu, Le-Quan Zhou, Jin-Wen Xu
BACKGROUND: Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) can regulate vascular homeostasis by secreting various adipokines. This study investigated the effects of PVAT browning on its endocrine function. METHODS: In the first section of our study, male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into cold exposure (8°C) and 24°C acclimation groups. After cold exposure for 7 days, interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT), subcutaneous white adipose tissue, thoracic aortic PVAT, and abdominal aortic PVAT (aPVAT) were harvested for histological and brown marker gene expression analysis...
September 21, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932708/intracellular-trafficking-pathways-of-edwardsiella-tarda-from-clathrin-and-caveolin-mediated-endocytosis-to-endosome-and-lysosome
#17
Zhi-Hai Sui, Haijiao Xu, Hongda Wang, Shuai Jiang, Heng Chi, Li Sun
Edwardsiella tarda is a Gram-negative bacterium that can infect a broad range of hosts including humans and fish. Accumulating evidences have indicated that E. tarda is able to survive and replicate in host phagocytes. However, the pathways involved in the intracellular infection of E. tarda are unclear. In this study, we examined the entry and endocytic trafficking of E. tarda in the mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7. We found that E. tarda entered RAW264.7 and multiplied intracellularly in a robust manner...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932685/pig-s-ear-streptococcus-suis-meningitis-and-its-associated-inner-ear-implications
#18
S Sena Esteves, J Carvalho de Almeida, J Abrunhosa, C Almeida E Sousa, Q Arshad
Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is a zoonotic pathogen commonly found in Asian countries. Infection with this bacterium typically clinically presents as meningitis and individuals whom handle swine are at increased risk of developing infections. We present a case of a patient with a S. suis meningitis who worked as a butcher. The 48-year-old man was admitted to our department with headaches, fevers, nausea and bilateral hearing loss. According to his medical history, the patient had sustained a cut on his finger while preparing pork meat...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932217/molecular-epidemiology-of-cryptosporidiosis-in-china
#19
REVIEW
Yaoyu Feng, Lihua Xiao
Molecular epidemiology of cryptosporidiosis is an active research area in China. The use of genotyping and subtyping tools in prevalence studies has led to the identification of unique characteristics of Cryptosporidium infections in humans and animals. Human cryptosporidiosis in China is exemplified by the high diversity of Cryptosporidium spp. at species and subtype levels, with dominant C. hominis and C. parvum subtypes being rarely detected in other countries. Similarly, preweaned dairy calves, lambs, and goat kids are mostly infected with non-pathogenic Cryptosporidium species (C...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931519/beta-cell-replacement-in-mice-using-human-type-1-diabetes-nuclear-transfer-embryonic-stem-cells
#20
Lina Sui, Nichole Danzl, Sean R Campbell, Ryan Viola, Damian Williams, Yuan Xing, Yong Wang, Neil Phillips, Greg Poffenberger, Bjarki Johannesson, Jose Oberholzer, Alvin C Powers, Rudolph L Leibel, Xiaojuan Chen, Megan Sykes, Dieter Egli
Beta cells derived from stem cells hold great promise for cell replacement therapy for diabetes. Here we examine the ability of nuclear transfer embryonic stem cells (NT-ES) derived from a type 1 diabetes patient to differentiate into beta cells, and provide a source of autologous islets for cell replacement. NT-ES cells differentiate in vitro with an average efficiency of 55% into C-peptide-positive cells, expressing markers of mature beta cells, including MAFA and NKX6.1. Upon transplantation in immunodeficient mice, grafted cells form vascularized islet-like structures containing MAFA/C-peptide-positive cells...
September 20, 2017: Diabetes
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