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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545087/the-second-terminations-of-the-suboccipital-muscles-an-assistant-pivot-for-the-to-be-named-ligament
#1
Xiao-Ying Yuan, Chan Li, Jia-Ying Sui, Qi-Qi Zhao, Xiao Zhang, Na-Na Mou, Zhao Huang-Fu, Okoye Chukwuemeka Samuel, Nan Zheng, Seung-Ho Han, Sheng-Bo Yu, Hong-Jin Sui
In the last two decades, many studies have focused on the muscles and dense connective tissues located in the suboccipital region. Our study investigated the existence of the second terminations originating from the suboccipital muscles, and the relationship between the variable types of the To Be Named Ligament (TBNL). Anatomical dissection was performed on 35 head-neck specimens. The existence of the second terminations of the suboccipital muscles was confirmed and various types of the TBNL were observed in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542445/dietary-cadmium-exposure-assessment-among-the-chinese-population
#2
Yan Song, Yibana Wang, Weifeng Mao, Haixia Sui, Ling Yong, Dajin Yang, Dingguo Jiang, Lei Zhang, Yunyun Gong
Cadmium, a toxic heavy metal, is widely present in food. It has been reported that chronic cadmium exposure is associated with kidney disease, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease and cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the dietary cadmium exposure and potential health risk in different age-sex groups of the Chinese population (children aged 4-11 years, young people aged 12-17 years and adults aged over 18 years), and in the southern and northern population using a semi-probabilistic method. Cadmium was detected in 228,687 food samples from 32 food categrories by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540660/impact-of-gender-on-short-term-and-long-term-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-meta-analysis
#3
Yushu Wang, Sui Zhu, Rongsheng Du, Juteng Zhou, Yucheng Chen, Qing Zhang
A meta-analysis to determine the impact of gender on mortality in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS): PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library, was systematically searched. Two investigators independently reviewed retrieved articles and assessed eligibility. Unadjusted mortality rates or adjusted effect estimates regarding gender-specific short-term and long-term all-cause mortality were identified. A total of 30 studies involving 358,827 patients with NSTE-ACS (129, 632 women and 229,195 men) were identified...
May 24, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539214/validation-of-the-eighth-edition-of-the-tnm-staging-system-for-lung-cancer-in-2043-surgically-treated-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Kezhong Chen, Haiqing Chen, Fan Yang, Xizhao Sui, Xiao Li, Jun Wang
PURPOSE: The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer has proposed a revision of the Tumor, Node, Metastasis (TNM) classification for lung cancer. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prognostic value of the eighth edition of the TNM staging system in surgically treated patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS: Data from 2043 consecutive patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who underwent surgical treatment in our single center between January 2006 and September 2015 were collected and analyzed retrospectively...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538366/preventing-necrotizing-enterocolitis-by-food-additives-in-neonates-a-network-meta-analysis-revealing-the-efficacy-and-safety
#5
Wentao Yu, Wu Sui, Linsong Mu, Wenying Yi, Haijuan Li, Liqin Wei, Weihong Yin
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious multifactorial gastrointestinal disease which is often discovered in premature infants. Various additives have been used to prevent NEC; yet, their relative efficacy and safety remain disputed. This study aims to compare the efficacy and safety of 5 food additives, namely, probiotics, probiotics + fructo-oligosaccharides, pentoxifylline, arginine, and lactoferrin in preventing NEC in neonates. METHODS: Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane Library had been searched for all eligible randomized control trials...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537693/surgical-management-of-female-paraurethral-cyst-with-concomitant-stress-urinary-incontinence
#6
Tarik Yonguc, Ibrahim Halil Bozkurt, Salih Polat, Serkan Yarimoglu, Ismail Gulden, Volkan Sen, Suleyman Minareci
Paraurethral cysts are usually asymptomatic and frequently detected incidentally during routine pelvic examination however, patients can present with complaints of a palpable cyst or with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and also dyspareunia. In most cases, diagnosis can be made on physical examination but for more detailed evaluation and to differentiate from malign lesions ultrasonography (US), voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG), computerized tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also be used...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537306/decoding-structural-complexity-in-conical-carbon-nanofibers
#7
Yi-An Zhu, Zi-Jun Wang, Hong-Ye Cheng, Qin-Min Yang, Zhi-Jun Sui, Xing-Gui Zhou, De Chen
Conical carbon nanofibers (CNFs) exist primarily as graphitic ribbons that fold into a cylindrical structure with the formation of a hollow core. Structural analysis aided by molecular modeling proves useful for obtaining a full picture of how the size of the central channel varies from fiber to fiber. From a geometrical perspective, conical CNFs possibly have cone tips that are nearly closed. On the other hand, their fiber wall thickness can be reduced to a minimum possible value that is determined solely by the apex angle, regardless of the outer diameter...
May 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536561/differences-in-microbiota-membership-along-the-gastrointestinal-tract-of-piglets-and-their-differential-alterations-following-an-early-life-antibiotic-intervention
#8
Chunlong Mu, Yuxiang Yang, Yong Su, Erwin G Zoetendal, Weiyun Zhu
Early-life antibiotic interventions can change the predisposition to disease by disturbing the gut microbiota. However, the impact of antibiotics on gut microbiota in the gastrointestinal tract is not completely understood, although antibiotic-induced alterations in the distal gut have been reported. Here, employing a piglet model, the microbial composition was analyzed by high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing and PICRUSt predictions of metagenome function. The present study showed clear spatial variation of microbial communities in the stomach and intestine, and found that the administration of antibiotics (a mixture of olaquindox, oxytetracycline calcium, kitasamycin) in early life caused markedly differential alterations in the compartmentalized microbiota, with major alterations in their spatial variation in the lumen of the stomach and small intestine...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535411/the-effectiveness-of-the-computerized-visual-perceptual-training-program-on-individuals-with-down-syndrome-an-fmri-study
#9
Yi-Ting Wan, Ching-Sui Chiang, Sharon Chia-Ju Chen, Yee-Pay Wuang
This study investigated the effectiveness of the Computerized Visual Perception Training (CVPT) program on individuals with Down syndrome (DS, mean age=13.17±4.35years, age range: 6.54-20.75 years). All participants have mild intellectual disability classified by the standard IQ measures (mean=61.2, ranges from 55 to 68). Both the Test of Visual Perceptual Skill- Third Edition (TVPS-3) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were used to evaluate the training outcomes. Results of TVPS-3 and fMRI showed that DS group had visual perceptual deficits and abnormal neural networks related to visual organization...
May 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534804/fuzzy-adaptive-decentralized-optimal-control-for-strict-feedback-nonlinear-large-scale-systems
#10
Kangkang Sun, Shuai Sui, Shaocheng Tong
This paper considers the optimal decentralized fuzzy adaptive control design problem for a class of interconnected large-scale nonlinear systems in strict feedback form and with unknown nonlinear functions. The fuzzy logic systems are introduced to learn the unknown dynamics and cost functions, respectively, and a state estimator is developed. By applying the state estimator and the backstepping recursive design algorithm, a decentralized feedforward controller is established. By using the backstepping decentralized feedforward control scheme, the considered interconnected large-scale nonlinear system in strict feedback form is changed into an equivalent affine large-scale nonlinear system...
May 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534364/influence-of-obesity-on-short-and-long-term-outcomes-after-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#11
Hongbing Chen, Wu Sui
PURPOSE: Despite the increasing prevalence of obesity and gastric diseases, the impact of obesity on short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer still remains unclear. METHODS: Sixty-one consecutive obese patients with body mass index (BMI)≥30 kg/m(2), who underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy, were compared with 76 non-obese patients with BMI<30 kg/m(2). Short- and long-term outcomes were analyzed in both groups...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534071/cloning-of-helicobacter-suis-cholesterol-%C3%AE-glucosyltransferase-and-production-of-an-antibody-capable-of-detecting-it-in-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-gastric-tissue-sections
#12
Masatomo Kawakubo, Kazuki Horiuchi, Hitomi Komura, Yoshiko Sato, Masayoshi Kato, Meguru Ikeyama, Mana Fukushima, Shigenori Yamada, Satoshi Ishizone, Takehisa Matsumoto, Hiroyoshi Ota, Junji Sagara, Jun Nakayama
Helicobacter suis (H. suis), formerly called Helicobacter heilmannii type 1 (H. heilmannii), is a gram-negative bacterium of the Helicobacter species. This pathogen infects the stomach of humans and animals such as dogs, cats, pigs, and rodents, the latter giving rise to zoonotic infection. Here, we generated a H. suis-specific antibody useful for immunohistochemistry with formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections. To do so, we began by cloning the gene encoding H. suis cholesterol α-glucosyltransferase (αCgT)...
May 22, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533408/rna-editing-of-slc22a3-drives-early-tumor-invasion-and-metastasis-in-familial-esophageal-cancer
#13
Li Fu, Yan-Ru Qin, Xiao-Yan Ming, Xian-Bo Zuo, Yu-Wen Diao, Li-Yi Zhang, Jiaoyu Ai, Bei-Lei Liu, Tu-Xiong Huang, Ting-Ting Cao, Bin-Bin Tan, Di Xiang, Chui-Mian Zeng, Jing Gong, Qiangfeng Zhang, Sui-Sui Dong, Juan Chen, Haibo Liu, Jian-Lin Wu, Robert Z Qi, Dan Xie, Li-Dong Wang, Xin-Yuan Guan
Like many complex human diseases, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is known to cluster in families. Familial ESCC cases often show early onset and worse prognosis than the sporadic cases. However, the molecular genetic basis underlying the development of familial ESCC is mostly unknown. We reported that SLC22A3 is significantly down-regulated in nontumor esophageal tissues from patients with familial ESCC compared with tissues from patients with sporadic ESCCs. A-to-I RNA editing of the SLC22A3 gene results in its reduced expression in the nontumor esophageal tissues of familial ESCCs and is significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532908/the-safety-and-efficiency-of-pvcr-without-anterior-support-applied-in-treatment-of-yang-s-a-type-severe-thoracic-kyphoscoliosis
#14
Wen-Yuan Sui, Zi-Fang Huang, Yao-Long Deng, Heng-Wei Fan, Jing-Fan Yang, Fo-Bao Li, Jun-Lin Yang
OBJECT: To assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes of posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) without anterior support in treatment of Yang's A type severe rigid thoracic kyphoscoliosis. METHODS: The records of 27 Yang's A type severe thoracic kyphoscoliosis patients treated with PVCR without anterior support from January 2010 to September 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Intraoperative multimodal neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) (6 modes: Somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP), Motor evoked potential (MEP), Descending neurogenic evoked potential (DNEP), Spinal cord evoked potential (SCEP), and Electromyography, both triggered and free run EMG) was conducted in all patients...
May 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532130/effect-of-systematic-control-of-pd-thickness-and-annealing-temperature-on-the-fabrication-and-evolution-of-palladium-nanostructures-on-si-111-via-the-solid-state-dewetting
#15
Sundar Kunwar, Puran Pandey, Mao Sui, Quanzhen Zhang, Ming-Yu Li, Jihoon Lee
Si-based optoelectronic devices embedded with metallic nanoparticles (NPs) have demonstrated the NP shape, size, spacing, and crystallinity dependent on light absorption and emission induced by the localized surface plasmon resonance. In this work, we demonstrate various sizes and configurations of palladium (Pd) nanostructures on Si (111) by the systematic thermal annealing with the variation of Pd thickness and annealing temperature. The evolution of Pd nanostructures are systematically controlled by the dewetting of thin film by means of the surface diffusion in conjunction with the surface and interface energy minimization and Volmer-Weber growth model...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529178/anti-inflammatory-activities-of-compounds-from-twigs-of-morus-alba
#16
Huynh Nguyen Khanh Tran, Van Thu Nguyen, Jeong Ah Kim, Seong Soo Rho, Mi Hee Woo, Jae Sui Choi, Jeong-Hyung Lee, Byung Sun Min
Five new compounds, 10-oxomornigrol F (1), (7″R)-(-)-6-(7″-hydroxy-3″,8″-dimethyl-2″,8″-octadien-1″-yl)apigenin (2), ramumorin A (3), ramumorin B (4), and (4S,7S,8R)-trihydroxyoctadeca-5Z-enoic acid (5), together with 31 known compounds (6-36), were isolated from the twigs of Morus alba (Moraceae). The chemical structures of these compounds were established using spectroscopic analyses, 1D and 2D NMR, high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HRESIMS), and Mosher's methods. The anti-inflammatory activities of the compounds were evaluated by investigating their ability to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in macrophage RAW 264...
May 18, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528550/isotachophoretic-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-of-intact-bacterial-cells
#17
Sui Ching Phung, Joan Marc Cabot, Mirek Macka, Shane M Powell, Rosanne M Guijt, Michael C Breadmore
A counter-pressure assisted capillary isotachophoresis method in combination with a sieving matrix and ionic spacer was used to perform in-line fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of bacterial cells. A high concentration of sieving matrix (1.8% w/v HEC) was introduced at one end of the capillary and the bacterial cells were suspended in the spacer electrolyte for injection. Using a 2 min injection with 18 psi counter-pressure, 50% of the cells injected into the capillary were hybridized with the fluorescently labelled oligonucleotide and the excess unhybridized probe was separated from the hybridized cells-probe complexes in a two stage ITP method...
May 22, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526409/expression-and-purification-of-functional-pdgf-receptor-beta
#18
Qingbin Shang, Liang Zhao, Xiaojing Wang, Meimei Wang, Sen-Fang Sui, Li-Zhi Mi
Platelet Derived Growth Factor receptors (PDGFRs), members of receptor tyrosine kinase superfamily, play essential roles in early hematopoiesis, angiogenesis and organ development. Dysregulation of PDGF receptor signaling under pathological conditions associates with cancers, vascular diseases, and fibrotic diseases. Therefore, they are attractive targets in drug development. Like any other membrane proteins with a single-pass transmembrane domain, the high-resolution structural information of the full-length PDGF receptors is still not resolved...
May 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525665/urinary-artificial-sphincter-zsi-375-for-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-men-5-and-7-years-follow-up-report
#19
Christophe Llorens, Tobias Pottek
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective, non-randomised study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of artificial urinary sphincter ZSI 375 inserted in male patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: Between May 2009 and January 2017, 45 men with SUI underwent ZSI 375 device insertion. Operations were performed in two French centres by one surgeon. Complications and pad used to manage continence were recorded...
May 18, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523400/long-term-effect-of-thermoablative-fractional-co2-laser-treatment-as-a-novel-approach-to-urinary-incontinence-management-in-women-with-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause
#20
Pablo González Isaza, Kinga Jaguszewska, Jose Luis Cardona, Mariusz Lukaszuk
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of thermoablative fractional CO2 laser (TACO2L) as an alternative treatment for early stages of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in postmenopausal women with genitourinary syndrome of menopause. METHODS: A total of 161 postmenopausal patients (age 53.38 ± 5.1 years, range 45-65 years) with a clinical diagnosis of mild SUI were prospectively enrolled in the study. Patients received one treatment with TACO2L every 30-45 days, each treatment comprising four sessions, followed in all patients by a yearly treatment session at 12, 24 and 36 months...
May 18, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
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