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Sahra A Kahin, Demia S Wright, Anu Pejavara, Sonia A Kim
CONTEXT: Introducing farmers markets to underserved areas, or supporting existing farmers markets, can increase access and availability of fruits and vegetables and encourage healthy eating. Since 2003, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO) has provided guidance and funding to state health departments (SHDs) to support the implementation of interventions, including activities around farmers markets, to address healthy eating, and improve the access to and availability of fruits and vegetables at state and community levels...
March 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Chan Hum Park, Dong Young Rhyu, Jeong Sook Noh, Chul Min Park, Takako Yokozawa
The Chinese prescription Kangen-karyu, comprised of six crude drugs, has received much attention due to its numerous biological activities. The present study was conducted to examine whether Kangen-karyu has an ameliorative effect on dyslipidemia. The effect of Kangen-karyu was evaluated using 3T3-L1 adipocytes, and also db/db mice as an experimental model for diabetic dyslipidemia. Kangen-karyu significantly inhibited adipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation. Kangen-karyu also down-regulated the mRNA levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ, sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)-1c, and fatty acid synthase, and the protein levels of aP2 and PPARγ, which indicates that Kangen-karyu inhibited adipogenesis during adipocyte differentiation, and may have potential anti-dyslipidemia effects...
June 2014: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Antonia J Spadaro, Jo Anne Grunbaum, Nicola U Dawkins, Demia S Wright, Stephanie K Rubel, Diane C Green, Eduardo J Simoes
INTRODUCTION: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has administered the Prevention Research Centers Program since 1986. We quantified the number and reach of training programs across all centers, determined whether the centers' outcomes varied by characteristics of the academic institution, and explored potential benefits of training and technical assistance for academic researchers and community partners. We characterized how these activities enhanced capacity building within Prevention Research Centers and the community...
May 2011: Preventing Chronic Disease
Demia Sundra Wright, Jo Anne Grunbaum, Nicola Dawkins, Geri Dino, Doryn Chervin, Katie Barnes, Josephina Olarita-Dhungana, Eduardo Simoes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2011: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Irene A M van der Avoort, Demia E M Tiemes, Michelle M van Rossum, Carine J M van der Vleuten, Leon F A G Massuger, Joanne A de Hullu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the treatment and follow-up of patients with lichen sclerosus (LS) at the departments of Gynaecology and Dermatology at the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands, to evaluate the need for a multidisciplinary vulvar clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Treatment and follow-up data of all women with histologically proven (between January 1995 and January 2001) anogenital LS visiting the outpatient clinics of the departments of Obstetrics & Gynaecology and Dermatology were collected (last date of follow-up: January 2008)...
April 2010: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Alireza Hamidian Jahromi, Ghanbar Ali Raiss Jalali, Jamshid Roozbeh
Obesity in nontransplant patients has been associated with hypertension, hyperlipi-demia, diabetes, and proteinuria. To determine whether renal transplant recipients with an elevated BMI have worse long term graft survival, we prospectively studied 92 patients transplanted between April 1999 and July 2000. Weight (Wt) and height of the patients were recorded prior to transplantation and two weeks, one, two and three years post transplantation. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cr) and blood pressure were checked monthly, while triglyceride, cholesterol, high den-sity lipoprotein (HDL), and low density lipoprotein (LDL) were obtained 3 monthly for 3 years post transplantation...
May 2009: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Michelle Menegay, DeMia Lee, Khalid F Tabbara, Thamara A Cafaro, Julio A Urrets-Zavalía, Horacio M Serra, Sanjoy K Bhattacharya
PURPOSE: To identify the proteins in the corneal droplets of climatic droplet keratopathy (CDK), a disease that results in the formation of droplets on the cornea. Progressive accumulation of droplets in CDK leads to visual loss. METHODS: Proteomic mass spectrometry of the CDK specimens was performed after fractionation of proteins in 4% to 20% SDS-polyacrylamide gels. Droplets were derived from two human donors. Immunohistochemistry with antibodies was performed to confirm the presence of identified proteins on donor tissues from patients with CDK and control subjects...
July 2008: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Demia Sundra Wright, Lynda A Anderson, Ross C Brownson, Margaret K Gwaltney, Jennifer Scherer, Alan W Cross, Robert M Goodman, Randy Schwartz, Tom Sims, Carol R White
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Prevention Research Centers (PRC) Program underwent a 2-year evaluation planning project using a participatory process that allowed perspectives from the national community of PRC partners to be expressed and reflected in a national logic model. CONTEXT: The PRC Program recognized the challenge in developing a feasible, useable, and relevant evaluation process for a large, diverse program. To address the challenge, participatory and utilization-focused evaluation models were used...
January 2008: Preventing Chronic Disease
Lynda A Anderson, Margaret K Gwaltney, Demia L Sundra, Ross C Brownson, Mary Kane, Alan W Cross, Richard Mack, Randy Schwartz, Tom Sims, White R Carol
INTRODUCTION: Concept mapping is a structured conceptualization process that provides a visual representation of relationships among ideas. Concept mapping was used to develop a logic model for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Prevention Research Centers Program, which has a large and diverse group of stakeholders throughout the United States. No published studies have used concept mapping to develop a logic model for a national program. METHODS: Two logic models were constructed using the data from the concept mapping process and program documents: one for the national level and one for the local level...
January 2006: Preventing Chronic Disease
R Begom, R B Singh
There is scanty evidence on prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in the urban population of India and it is not clear why South Indians have higher prevalence than North Indians. Of 506 subjects between 25-65 years of age selected for this study from 234 randomly selected households from 2 randomly selected streets, 46 (9.0%) were non-responders and 460 (response rate 91%) volunteered to participate in the study. Dietary intakes, anthropometric and laboratory data, prevalence of risk factors and CAD were obtained and compared with 152 North Indian subjects reported earlier...
1995: Acta Cardiologica
N Di Paolo, G Pula, U Buoncristiani, P P Giomarelli, M DeMia, B Biagioli, E Zei, M Bernini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1984: International Journal of Artificial Organs
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