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Nutrition in critical carr

Kathleen C Reidy, Regan Lucas Bailey, Denise M Deming, Lynda O'Neill, B Thomas Carr, Ruta Lesniauskas, Wendy Johnson
Nutrition is critically important in the first 1000 days, and while most American babies are fed commercial baby foods, there is little or no evidence from nationally representative data to understand the implications of such consumption. We used 24-hour dietary recall data for 505 infants from The Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study to describe food consumption patterns and micronutrient density of complementary foods consumed by infants fed commercially prepared baby food fruit, vegetables, and dinners and compared with those eaten by nonconsumers of these products...
March 2018: Nutrition Today
Anitra C Carr, Patrice C Rosengrave, Simone Bayer, Steve Chambers, Jan Mehrtens, Geoff M Shaw
BACKGROUND: Vitamin C is an essential water-soluble nutrient which cannot be synthesised or stored by humans. It is a potent antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and immune-supportive roles. Previous research has indicated that vitamin C levels are depleted in critically ill patients. In this study we have assessed plasma vitamin C concentrations in critically ill patients relative to infection status (septic shock or non-septic) and level of inflammation (C-reactive protein concentrations)...
December 11, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Christopher M Webster, Elizabeth C Pino, Christopher E Carr, Lianfeng Wu, Ben Zhou, Lucydalila Cedillo, Michael C Kacergis, Sean P Curran, Alexander A Soukas
Organisms must execute metabolic defenses to survive nutrient deprivation. We performed a genome-wide RNAi screen in Caenorhabditis elegans to identify fat regulatory genes indispensable for starvation resistance. Here, we show that opposing proteostasis pathways are principal determinants of starvation survival. Reduced function of cytoplasmic aminoacyl tRNA synthetases (ARS genes) increases fat mass and extends starvation survival, whereas reduced proteasomal function reduces fat and starvation survival. These opposing pathways converge on AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) as the critical effector of starvation defenses...
July 18, 2017: Cell Reports
Anna Marie Carr, Matilde Irigoyen, Robert Samuel Wimmer, Allan Myron Arbeter
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acquisition of knowledge and skills in the care of surgical patients is defined as an essential element of training by the Pediatric Residency Review Committee. The pediatric-surgical comanagement model of care is increasingly utilized, yet its impact on residency training has not been described. The goal of this study was to describe a 5-year experience with a co-management model in a pediatric residency program. METHODS: We describe the planning and implementation of a surgical co-management model in a pediatric residency program and report on case volume and diversity from 2005 to 2010...
April 2013: Hospital Pediatrics
Mathieu Conseil, Julie Carr, Nicolas Molinari, Yannaël Coisel, Moussa Cissé, Fouad Belafia, Jean-Marc Delay, Boris Jung, Samir Jaber, Gérald Chanques
AIMS: To assess the impact of a simple computer-based decision-support system (computer help) on the quality of nutrition support orders and patients' outcome in Intensive-Care Unit (ICU). METHODS: This quality-improvement study was carried out in a 16-bed medical-surgical ICU in a French university hospital. All consecutive patients who stayed in ICU more than 10 days with non-oral feeding for more than 5 days were retrospectively included during two 12-month periods...
2013: PloS One
Nicola Dervan, Julie Dowsett, Eimear Gleeson, Susan Carr, Clare Corish
BACKGROUND: Over- and underfeeding critically ill patients have significant clinical consequences. These patients are often given a combination of enteral nutrition (EN) and parenteral nutrition (PN), potentially increasing their risk of overfeeding. No published protocol describing the process for weaning from parenteral to enteral feeding and its effects on over- and underfeeding exists. This study aimed to evaluate the introduction of such a protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, 2-phase observational study was performed in a 10-bed medical/surgical intensive care unit on patients ventilated for >72 hours and receiving EN and/or PN...
December 2012: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Nicholas Dainiak, Robert Nicolas Gent, Zhanat Carr, Rita Schneider, Judith Bader, Elena Buglova, Nelson Chao, C Norman Coleman, Arnold Ganser, Claude Gorin, Martin Hauer-Jensen, L Andrew Huff, Patricia Lillis-Hearne, Kazuhiko Maekawa, Jeffrey Nemhauser, Ray Powles, Holger Schünemann, Alla Shapiro, Leif Stenke, Nelson Valverde, David Weinstock, Douglas White, Joseph Albanese, Viktor Meineke
OBJECTIVES: The World Health Organization convened a panel of experts to rank the evidence for medical countermeasures for management of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) in a hypothetical scenario involving the hospitalization of 100 to 200 victims. The goal of this panel was to achieve consensus on optimal management of ARS affecting nonhematopoietic organ systems based upon evidence in the published literature. METHODS: English-language articles were identified in MEDLINE and PubMed...
October 2011: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Elizabeth A Carr, Susan J Holcombe
Nutritional supplementation is becoming the standard of practice in equine medicine, although there are minimal data on nutritional support in critically ill horses and its association or effect on morbidity and mortality or length of hospital stay. Horses can be fed orally and when that is not possible, intravenously or parenterally. Enteral feeding is less expensive, more physiologic, improves immunity, and is easier and safer. This article reviews available information on the development of a nutritional plan for critically ill horses, and describes methods for and complications of enteral and parenteral feeding...
April 2009: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
Jacquelyn M Clement, Cynthia A Schmidt, Laura W Bernaix, N Kay Covington, T R Carr
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationships between levels of physical activity, health attitudes and behaviors, and specific health indicators in women attending college. DATA SOURCES: A convenience sample of 116 college women, ages 18 to 24 years, participated in this research study at a moderate-sized midwestern university. The data were obtained through a self-administered questionnaire; trained technicians collected physiological measurements. CONCLUSIONS: The young women in this study had, on average, normal body mass indexes (BMIs) and reported activity levels consistent with or greater than the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/American College of Sports Medicine guidelines...
July 2004: Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
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