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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927548/spinal-deformities-in-pediatric-burn-patients
#1
Darrell L Moulton, David A Yngve, E Burke Evans
INTRODUCTION: Extensive third-degree burns in pediatric patients can be associated with the development of spinal deformities. METHODS: Forty pediatric burn patients with scoliosis and one with kyphosis were identified based on a retrospective review of patient records at the Shriners Hospital for Children in Galveston, Texas. RESULTS: Average age at time of burn was 7 years 4 months. Average age at follow-up was 11 years 10 months. Twenty-one patients had a thoracolumbar curve, with an average of 20 degrees...
March 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921219/nationwide-scorpion-exposures-reported-to-us-poison-control-centers-from-2005-to-2015
#2
A Min Kang, Daniel E Brooks
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies of scorpion envenomation in the United States (US) have focused on Arizona and the bark scorpion, Centruroides sculpturatus. Although many other scorpion species live in the US, information about envenomations in other states is lacking. METHODS: Nationwide scorpion exposures from 2005 to 2015 were analyzed using the National Poison Data System. RESULTS: Of the 185,402 total exposures, Arizona (68.2%), Texas (10...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799521/vaccination-strategies-against-respiratory-syncytial-virus
#3
Dan Yamin, Forrest K Jones, John P DeVincenzo, Shai Gertler, Oren Kobiler, Jeffrey P Townsend, Alison P Galvani
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of US infant hospitalization. Additionally, RSV is responsible for 10,000 deaths annually among the elderly across the United States, and accounts for nearly as many hospitalizations as influenza. Currently, several RSV vaccine candidates are under development to target different age groups. To evaluate the potential effectiveness of age-specific vaccination strategies in averting RSV incidence, we developed a transmission model that integrates data on daily infectious viral load and changes of behavior associated with RSV symptoms...
November 15, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791706/patient-reported-outcomes-of-occipitocervical-and-atlantoaxial-fusions-in-children
#4
Aditya Vedantam, Daniel Hansen, Valentina Briceño, Alison Brayton, Andrew Jea
OBJECTIVE There is limited literature on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes in pediatric patients undergoing surgery for craniovertebral junction pathology. The aim of the present study was to assess surgical and quality of life outcomes in children who had undergone occipitocervical or atlantoaxial fusion. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the demographics, procedural data, and outcomes of 77 consecutive pediatric patients who underwent posterior occipitocervical or atlantoaxial fusion between 2008 and 2015 at Texas Children's Hospital...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789349/iron-deficiency-anemia-in-adolescents-presenting-with-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#5
Amanda G Cooke, Timothy L McCavit, George R Buchanan, Jacquelyn M Powers
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical severity and initial treatment of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in adolescent females with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) in our center DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of electronic medical records via search of administrative records using International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes for IDA or unspecified anemia and disorders of menstruation SETTING: Children's Medical Center in Dallas, Texas PARTICIPANTS: 107 patients with HMB and concomitant IDA (median age 14...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713672/outcomes-in-postoperative-pediatric-cardiac-surgical-patients-who-received-an-antiepileptic-drug
#6
Mindl M Messinger, Kimberly L Dinh, Erin J McDade, Brady S Moffett, Angus A Wilfong, Antonio G Cabrera
BACKGROUND: Advances in cardiac operations over the last few decades, including corrective operations in early life, have dramatically increased the survival of children with congenital heart disease. However, postoperative care has been associated with neurologic complications, with seizures being the most common manifestation. The primary objective of this study is to describe the outcomes in pediatric patients who received an antiepileptic drug (AED) post-cardiac surgery. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study was performed in all patients less than 18 years of age who received an AED in the cardiovascular intensive care unit at Texas Children's Hospital from June 2002 until June 2012...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703017/hospitalized-burden-and-outcomes-of-coccidioidomycosis-a-nationwide-analysis-2005-2012
#7
Ruihong Luo, Alan Greenberg, Christian D Stone
The incidence of coccidioidomycosis (CM) infection has increased over the last 20 years. We investigated recent trends of CM-associated hospitalization in the United States. patients with CM-associated hospitalization were identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2005-2012. The outcomes of interest were the trend of annual hospitalization, in-hospital mortality, and independent risk factors for mortality. A total of 30,870 hospitalizations with CM (29,584 of adults; 1,286 of children) were identified...
October 4, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676120/therapeutic-hypothermia-during-neonatal-transport-active-cooling-helps-reach-the-target
#8
Tiffany D Stafford, Joseph L Hagan, Curtis G Sitler, Caraciolo J Fernandes, Jeffrey R Kaiser
Perinatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) can lead to severe neurodevelopmental outcome and death. Therapeutic hypothermia is neuroprotective for infants with moderate-to-severe HIE. However, therapeutic hypothermia is only offered at high-level regional neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), necessitating the need to transport sick infants to referral centers. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether active cooling on transport is more effective than passive cooling in achieving temperatures in the treatment target range (33°C-34°C) on arrival to the Texas Children's Hospital (TCH) NICU...
September 27, 2016: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649821/unmet-needs-unwanted-persons-a-call-for-expansion-of-safe-haven-laws
#9
Lori Bruce
Legislative strategies for reducing infant abandonment and neonaticide developed in response to a series of sensational cases that occurred in Texas in 1999. The media coverage of these cases implied that the incidence of the crime was increasing, and Texas legislators responded with a law permitting parents to anonymously surrender their newborn at designated locations such as hospitals. This was the first "safe haven" law. Interest peaked nationwide, and by 2008 all states had a similar version of the law...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619021/incidental-radiographic-findings-of-thyroglossal-duct-cysts-prevalence-and-management
#10
Michael T Yim, Huy D Tran, Binoy M Chandy
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the epidemiology of incidental thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDC) discovered on imaging studies obtained in the head and neck area in children and to discuss subsequent management. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed at Texas Children's Hospital of all computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging studies obtained in the head and neck region between July 2011 and July 2014. Images obtained for the purpose of evaluating a neck or lingual mass were excluded from the study, as were patients with previously known TGDCs...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559830/update-interim-guidance-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-infants-with-possible-congenital-zika-virus-infection-united-states-august-2016
#11
Kate Russell, Sara E Oliver, Lillianne Lewis, Wanda D Barfield, Janet Cragan, Dana Meaney-Delman, J Erin Staples, Marc Fischer, Georgina Peacock, Titilope Oduyebo, Emily E Petersen, Sherif Zaki, Cynthia A Moore, Sonja A Rasmussen
CDC has updated its interim guidance for U.S. health care providers caring for infants born to mothers with possible Zika virus infection during pregnancy (1). Laboratory testing is recommended for 1) infants born to mothers with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection during pregnancy and 2) infants who have abnormal clinical or neuroimaging findings suggestive of congenital Zika syndrome and a maternal epidemiologic link suggesting possible transmission, regardless of maternal Zika virus test results...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543976/a-library-of-rare-%C3%AE-1-antitrypsin-aat-variant-phenotypes-to-aid-in-the-diagnosis-of-aat-deficiency
#12
Neval Akbas, Graciela Gonzalez, Gregory J Buffone, David G Grenache, Sridevi Devaraj
OBJECTIVES: α1-Antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is a hereditary disorder due to defective production of the serine protease inhibitor, AAT, which can cause lung and liver diseases. Severity of disease depends particularly on the phenotypic representation of AAT variants in the patient. METHODS: In this study, we present determination of seven common and nine rare variant phenotypes of AAT using pediatric samples collected in Texas Children's Hospital to address the knowledge gap in the identification of rare variants...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537988/use-of-testing-for-west-nile-virus-and-other-arboviruses
#13
Jakapat Vanichanan, Lucrecia Salazar, Susan H Wootton, Elizabeth Aguilera, Melissa N Garcia, Kristy O Murray, Rodrigo Hasbun
In the United States, the most commonly diagnosed arboviral disease is West Nile virus (WNV) infection. Diagnosis is made by detecting WNV IgG or viral genomic sequences in serum or cerebrospinal fluid. To determine frequency of this testing in WNV-endemic areas, we examined the proportion of tests ordered for patients with meningitis and encephalitis at 9 hospitals in Houston, Texas, USA. We identified 751 patients (567 adults, 184 children), among whom 390 (52%) experienced illness onset during WNV season (June-October)...
September 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529817/a-novel-prognostic-model-for-osteosarcoma-using-circulating-cxcl10-and-flt3lg
#14
Ricardo J Flores, Aaron J Kelly, Yiting Li, Manjula Nakka, Donald A Barkauskas, Mark Krailo, Lisa L Wang, Laszlo Perlaky, Ching C Lau, M John Hicks, Tsz-Kwong Man
BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common malignant pediatric bone tumor. The identification of novel biomarkers for early prognostication will facilitate risk-based stratification and therapy. This study investigated the significance of circulating cytokines/chemokines for predicting the prognosis at the initial diagnosis. METHODS: Luminex assays were used to measure cytokine/chemokine concentrations in blood samples from a discovery cohort of OS patients from Texas Children's Hospital (n = 37) and an independent validation cohort obtained from the Children's Oncology Group (n = 233)...
August 16, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453604/pesticide-related-hospitalizations-among-children-and-teenagers-in-texas-2004-2013
#15
Amber B Trueblood, Eva Shipp, Daikwon Han, Jennifer Ross, Leslie H Cizmas
OBJECTIVE: Acute exposure to pesticides is associated with nausea, headaches, rashes, eye irritation, seizures, and, in severe cases, death. We characterized pesticide-related hospitalizations in Texas among children and teenagers for 2004-2013 to characterize exposures in this population, which is less well understood than pesticide exposure among adults. METHODS: We abstracted information on pesticide-related hospitalizations from hospitalization data using pesticide-related International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes and E-codes...
July 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447345/interhospital-transfer-of-pediatric-neurosurgical-patients
#16
Aditya Vedantam, Daniel Hansen, Valentina Briceño, Amee Moreno, Sheila L Ryan, Andrew Jea
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of transfer, resource utilization, and clinical outcomes associated with the interhospital transfer of pediatric neurosurgical patients. METHODS All consecutive, prospectively collected requests for interhospital patient transfer to the pediatric neurosurgical service at Texas Children's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed from October 2013 to September 2014. Demographic patient information, resource utilization, and outcomes were recorded and compared across predefined strata (low [< 5%], moderate [5%-30%], and high [> 30%]) of predicted probability of mortality using the Pediatric Risk of Mortality score...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419154/clinical-characteristics-and-predictors-of-adverse-outcome-in-adult-and-pediatric-patients-with-healthcare-associated-ventriculitis-and-meningitis
#17
Chanunya Srihawan, Rodrigo Lopez Castelblanco, Lucrecia Salazar, Susan H Wootton, Elizabeth Aguilera, Luis Ostrosky-Zeichner, David I Sandberg, HuiMahn A Choi, Kiwon Lee, Ryan Kitigawa, Nitin Tandon, Rodrigo Hasbun
Background.  Healthcare-associated meningitis or ventriculitis is a serious and life-threatening complication of invasive neurosurgical procedures or penetrating head trauma. Methods.  We performed a retrospective study of adults and children with the diagnosis of healthcare-associated meningitis or ventriculitis, as defined by the 2015 Centers of Disease Control and Prevention case definition, at 2 large tertiary care hospitals in Houston, Texas from July 2003 to November 2014. Patients were identified by infection control practitioners and by screening cerebrospinal fluid samples sent to the central laboratory...
April 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414817/use-of-intravenous-vancomycin-and-cefepime-in-preventing-endophthalmitis-after-open-globe-injury
#18
Jason M Huang, Andrew D Pansick, Preston H Blomquist
PURPOSE: The choice and route of antibiotic prophylaxis in the setting of open globe injury remains controversial. We investigated the utility of intravenous vancomycin and cefepime prophylaxis in preventing endopthalmitis after open globe injury. METHODS: The charts of 224 patients who presented to Parkland Memorial Hospital and Children's Medical Center in Dallas, Texas, between June 1, 2009 and June 30, 2013, with open globe injury and who were treated with prophylactic intravenous vancomycin and cefepime were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318861/the-optimal-timing-of-surgical-resection-in-high-risk-neuroblastoma
#19
Yesenia Rojas, Sergio Jaramillo, Karen Lyons, Nadia Mahmood, Meng-Fen Wu, Hao Liu, Sanjeev A Vasudevan, R Paul Guillerman, Chrystal U Louis, Heidi V Russell, Jed G Nuchtern, Eugene S Kim
BACKGROUND: While most high-risk neuroblastoma (HRNB) patients are enrolled in cooperative group or institutional protocols, variability exists within these protocols as to when surgical resection of the primary tumor should be performed after neoadjuvant induction chemotherapy. We sought to determine if the number of chemotherapy cycles prior to surgery affects surgical or survival outcomes in HRNB patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all HRNB patients <18years of age from 2000 to 2010, at Texas Children's Hospital...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316631/implementation-of-a-postpartum-hpv-vaccination-program-in-a-southeast-texas-hospital-a-qualitative-study-evaluating-health-care-provider-acceptance
#20
Tyra T Gross, Mahbubur Rahman, Abigail M Wright, Jacqueline M Hirth, Kwabena O Sarpong, Richard E Rupp, Alan D Barrett, Abbey B Berenson
Introduction The objective of this qualitative study was to assess healthcare providers' acceptability of an ongoing postpartum human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program in Southeast Texas and its integration into everyday clinical care. Methods In 2012, the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology at the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) began offering HPV vaccination as part of standard postpartum care to increase vaccination rates among young women in Galveston County. Initial vaccine doses were offered on the postpartum unit while subsequent doses were coordinated with postpartum and well-baby visits...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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