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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433953/the-ability-of-early-serial-developmental-assessment-to-predict-outcome-at-5years-following-neonatal-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy
#1
Catherine M O'Connor, C Anthony Ryan, Geraldine B Boylan, Deirdre M Murray
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental difficulties in children following hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) may not emerge until school age. AIMS: To evaluate the value and stability of early serial developmental assessments in predicting long-term outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of infants with neonatal HIE and early continuous EEG at birth. SUBJECTS: Term infants with HIE were recruited at birth. Development was measured at 6, 12 and 24months using the Revised Griffiths' Scales (GMDS-R)...
April 20, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432690/sucking-behaviour-in-infants-born-preterm-and-developmental-outcomes-at-primary-school-age
#2
Mechteld I Wolthuis-Stigter, Saakje P Da Costa, Arend F Bos, Wim P Krijnen, Cees P Van Der Schans, Margreet R Luinge
AIM: To determine the association between sucking in infants born preterm and developmental outcomes at 5 years. METHOD: Thirty-four infants were included (mean gestational age 30wks 4d, mean birthweight 1407g). The Neonatal Oral-Motor Assessment Scale was used longitudinally from 37 to 50 weeks postmenstrual age. At 5 years, we assessed motor skills, intelligence, language, verbal memory, and behavioural problems. Linear regression analyses were performed to test whether aspects of sucking behaviour predicted these developmental outcomes...
April 22, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422947/factors-affecting-the-cognitive-profile-of-11-year-old-children-born-very-preterm
#3
Anna Nyman, Tapio Korhonen, Petriina Munck, Riitta Parkkola, Liisa Lehtonen, Leena Haataja
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a risk for cognitive development. This study assessed the cognitive profile of children born very preterm at the age of 11 years as well as associated risk factors. METHODS: A total of 128 children born very preterm were included. MRI was performed at term age. Cognitive development was assessed using the full-scale intelligence quotient (IQ) and four domains of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, fourth edition (WISC-IV), Finnish translation...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420309/a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopic-study-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-a-3-tesla-clinical-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-system-the-anterior-cingulate-cortex-and-the-left-cerebellum
#4
Hiromichi Ito, Kenji Mori, Masafumi Harada, Sonoka Hisaoka, Yoshihiro Toda, Tatsuo Mori, Aya Goji, Yoko Abe, Masahito Miyazaki, Shoji Kagami
The pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is not fully understood. We used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy to investigate metabolite concentration ratios in the anterior cingulate cortex and left cerebellum in ASD. In the ACC and left cerebellum studies, the ASD group and intelligence quotient- and age-matched control group consisted of 112 and 114 subjects and 65 and 45 subjects, respectively. In the ASD group, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)+/ creatine/phosphocreatine (Cr) was significantly decreased in the anterior cingulate cortex, and glutamate (Glu)/Cr was significantly increased and GABA+/Cr was significantly decreased in the left cerebellum compared to those in the control group...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417243/criterion-related-validity-of-self-reported-stair-climbing-in-older-adults
#5
Sara Higueras-Fresnillo, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Pablo Gasque, Oscar L Veiga, David Martinez-Gomez
INTRODUCTION: Stair climbing is an activity of daily living that might contribute to increase levels of physical activity (PA). To date, there is no study examining the validity of climbing stairs assessed by self-report. The aim of this study was, therefore, to examine the validity of estimated stair climbing from one question included in a common questionnaire compared to a pattern-recognition activity monitor in older adults. METHODS: A total of 138 older adults (94 women), aged 65-86 years (70...
April 17, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412664/new-model-for-prediction-binary-mixture-of-antihistamine-decongestant-using-artificial-neural-networks-and-least-squares-support-vector-machine-by-spectrophotometry-method
#6
Shirin Mofavvaz, Mahmoud Reza Sohrabi, Alireza Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh
In the present study, artificial neural networks (ANNs) and least squares support vector machines (LS-SVM) as intelligent methods based on absorption spectra in the range of 230-300nm have been used for determination of antihistamine decongestant contents. In the first step, one type of network (feed-forward back-propagation) from the artificial neural network with two different training algorithms, Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) and gradient descent with momentum and adaptive learning rate back-propagation (GDX) algorithm, were employed and their performance was evaluated...
April 5, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411503/anatomical-distance-affects-cortical-subcortical-connectivity-in-first-episode-drug-naive-somatization-disorder
#7
Wenbin Guo, Feng Liu, Jindong Chen, Renrong Wu, Lehua Li, Zhikun Zhang, Huafu Chen, Jingping Zhao
BACKGROUND: Brain structural and functional alterations in the cortical-subcortical circuits have been observed in somatization disorder (SD). However, whether and how anatomical distance affects the cortical-subcortical connectivity in SD remain unclear. This study aims to examine whether anatomical distance affects the cortical-subcortical in first-episode, drug-naive SD. METHODS: Twenty-five first-episode, drug-naive patients with SD and twenty-eight healthy controls were recruited for a resting-state scan...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410856/regional-18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-hypometabolism-is-associated-with-higher-apathy-scores-over-time-in-early-alzheimer-disease
#8
Jennifer R Gatchel, Nancy J Donovan, Joseph J Locascio, J Alex Becker, Dorene M Rentz, Reisa A Sperling, Keith A Johnson, Gad A Marshall
OBJECTIVES: Apathy is among the earliest and most pervasive neuropsychiatric symptoms in prodromal and mild Alzheimer disease (AD) dementia that correlates with functional impairment and disease progression. We investigated the association of apathy with regional 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) metabolism in cognitively normal, mild cognitive impairment, and AD dementia subjects from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410255/neurocognitive-correlates-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-children-born-at-extremely-low-gestational-age
#9
Megan N Scott, Scott J Hunter, Robert M Joseph, Thomas Michael OʼShea, Stephen R Hooper, Elizabeth N Allred, Alan Leviton, Karl Kuban
OBJECTIVE: Compared with children born near term, those born extremely preterm (EP) are at much higher risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Little information is available about differences in neuropsychological outcomes among EP children with and without ADHD. Our analyses aimed to evaluate the neuropsychological correlates of ADHD symptoms in extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs). METHODS: We obtained Child Symptom Inventory-4 reports from parents (n = 871) and teachers (n = 634) of 10-year-old children born before the 28th week of gestation...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406665/counting-ability-in-down-syndrome-the-comprehension-of-the-one-to-one-correspondence-principle-and-the-role-of-receptive-vocabulary
#10
Roberto A Abreu-Mendoza, Natalia Arias-Trejo
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated whether children with Down's syndrome (DS) who have not started to produce number words understand the one-to-one correspondence principle (Experiment 1), and they looked at the relationship between number word knowledge and receptive vocabulary (Experiment 2). METHOD: Sixteen children with DS who did not recite the count list participated in Experiment 1, along with 2 comparison groups: 1 of 16 children with DS who recited up to 10, paired by chronological age, and another of 16 typically developing children paired by their ability to recite the list...
April 13, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406111/a-survey-based-study-of-emotional-intelligence-as-it-relates-to-gender-and-academic-performance-of-medical-students
#11
Ashwini P Aithal, Naveen Kumar, Prasaniya Gunasegeran, Sivagamy M Sundaram, Lim Zhen Rong, Sujatha P Prabhu
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) refers to the composite set of capabilities that enable a person to identify, assess, understand, and control emotions of oneself and others. This study was conducted to assess trait EI, to examine possible differences in the EI level of medical students in terms of gender, and to investigate the correlation between EI of medical students and their academic performance. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional survey consisting of a self-assessment questionnaire distributed to 200 undergraduate medical students after informed consent...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406102/strong-correlations-between-empathy-emotional-intelligence-and-personality-traits-among-podiatric-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Kurtis Bertram, John Randazzo, Nathaniel Alabi, Jack Levenson, John T Doucette, Peter Barbosa
BACKGROUND: The ability of health-care providers to demonstrate empathy toward their patients results in a number of positive outcomes improving the quality of care. In addition, a provider's level of emotional intelligence (EI) can further the doctor-patient relationship, stimulating a more personalized and comprehensive manner of treating patients. Furthermore, personality traits of a clinician may positively or negatively influence that relationship, as well as clinical outcomes. This study was designed to evaluate empathy levels in podiatric medical students in a 4-year doctoral program...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401527/fluid-intelligence-traits-of-personality-and-personality-disorders-in-a-cohort-of-adult-ks-patients-with-the-classic-47-xxy-karyotype
#13
D Liberato, S Granato, D Grimaldi, F M Rossi, N Tahani, D Gianfrilli, A Anzuini, A Lenzi, G Cavaggioni, A F Radicioni
PURPOSE: Klinefelter's syndrome (KS) is associated with specific neurobehavioral features and personality traits. The aim of our study was to investigate fluid intelligence, personality traits and personality disorders (PD) and possible correlations with testosterone in a cohort of adult KS patients. METHODS: We analyzed 58 adult KS patients with the classic 47, XXY karyotype. The Structured Clinical Interview for axis II disorders was used to assess DSM IV personality disorders...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399099/-immunological-parameters-in-assessing-the-risk-of-decompensation-in-children-with-mental-retardation
#14
A A Shmakova, O P Shmakova, L V Androsova
AIM: To analyze the correlation between clinical and immunological parameters in children with mental retardation (MR) in order to explore the possibilities of using immunological data in assessing the severity of patient's condition and predicting a risk of decompensation, exacerbation of mental disorders comorbid to MR. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-three school children, aged 8-17 years, mean age 12,6±2,4 years, with MR of different genesis and 64 physically and mentally healthy children (control group) of the same age and sex were studied clinically and immunologically...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392697/comparing-the-ability-of-cognitive-and-affective-theory-of-mind-in-adolescent-onset-schizophrenia
#15
Dandan Li, Xiaosi Li, Fengqiong Yu, Xingui Chen, Long Zhang, Dan Li, Qiang Wei, Qing Zhang, Chunyan Zhu, Kai Wang
BACKGROUND: Evidence in the literature suggests that there is an impairment of social cognition in schizophrenia. Theory of Mind (ToM) is defined as one's ability to understand others' wishes, beliefs, intentions, and other psychological states and thereby to judge others' behavior, as an essential component of social cognition. However, there have been limited studies on social cognition, especially ToM in adolescent onset schizophrenia (AOS). The current study aims to investigate ToM abilities in adolescent schizophrenia according to various ToM subcomponents (cognitive ToM and affective ToM) and various ToM orders (first order and second order)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391442/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intelligence-quotient-in-early-treated-individuals-with-classical-galactosemia
#16
Lindsey Welling, Susan E Waisbren, Kevin M Antshel, Hugh-Owen Colhoun, Matthias Gautschi, Stephanie Grünewald, Rebecca Holman, Johanna H van der Lee, Eileen P Treacy, Annet M Bosch
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive impairment is a well-known complication of classical galactosemia (CG). Differences in patient characteristics and test methods have hampered final conclusions regarding the extent of intellectual disabilities in CG. The primary aim of this systematic review was to assess intellectual performance in early-treated (≤4 weeks of life) individuals with confirmed CG (defined by absent or barely detectable GALT enzyme activity and/or the presence of two null or severe missense variations), assessed with comparable test instruments...
April 9, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386180/analysis-of-algae-growth-mechanism-and-water-bloom-prediction-under-the-effect-of-multi-affecting-factor
#17
Li Wang, Xiaoyi Wang, Xuebo Jin, Jiping Xu, Huiyan Zhang, Jiabin Yu, Qian Sun, Chong Gao, Lingbin Wang
The formation process of algae is described inaccurately and water blooms are predicted with a low precision by current methods. In this paper, chemical mechanism of algae growth is analyzed, and a correlation analysis of chlorophyll-a and algal density is conducted by chemical measurement. Taking into account the influence of multi-factors on algae growth and water blooms, the comprehensive prediction method combined with multivariate time series and intelligent model is put forward in this paper. Firstly, through the process of photosynthesis, the main factors that affect the reproduction of the algae are analyzed...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383074/phenotypic-and-genotypic-correlation-between-myopia-and-intelligence
#18
Katie M Williams, Pirro G Hysi, Ekaterina Yonova-Doing, Omar A Mahroo, Harold Snieder, Christopher J Hammond
Myopia, or near-sightedness, is our most common eye condition and the prevalence is increasing globally. Visual impairment will occur if uncorrected, whilst high myopia causes sight-threatening complications. Myopia is associated with higher intelligence. As both are heritable, we set out to examine whether there is a genetic correlation between myopia and intelligence in over 1,500 subjects (aged 14-18 years) from a twin birth cohort. The phenotypic correlation between refractive error and intelligence was -0...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381929/association-between-emotional-intelligence-and-perceived-stress-in-undergraduate-dental-students
#19
Norkhafizah Saddki, Noraini Sukerman, Dasmawati Mohamad
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association of emotional intelligence (EI) and other factors with perceived stress (PS) in undergraduate dental students. METHODS: A total of 234 undergraduate dental students at the School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), in the academic year of 2009/2010, participated in this cross-sectional study. Self-administered questionnaires, the Assessing Emotions Scale and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), were used to evaluate EI and PS, respectively...
March 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375211/an-interaction-network-of-mental-disorder-proteins-in-neural-stem-cells
#20
M J Moen, H H H Adams, J H Brandsma, D H W Dekkers, U Akinci, S Karkampouna, M Quevedo, C E M Kockx, Z Ozgür, W F J van IJcken, J Demmers, R A Poot
Mental disorders (MDs) such as intellectual disability (ID), autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia have a strong genetic component. Recently, many gene mutations associated with ID, ASD or schizophrenia have been identified by high-throughput sequencing. A substantial fraction of these mutations are in genes encoding transcriptional regulators. Transcriptional regulators associated with different MDs but acting in the same gene regulatory network provide information on the molecular relation between MDs...
April 4, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
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