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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641300/prenatal-diagnosis-of-dextrocardia-with-complex-congenital-heart-disease-using-fetal-intelligent-navigation-echocardiography-fine-and-a-literature-review
#1
Lami Yeo, Suchaya Luewan, Dor Markush, Navleen Gill, Roberto Romero
Fetal dextrocardia is a type of cardiac malposition where the major axis from base to apex points to the right side. This condition is usually associated with a wide spectrum of complex cardiac defects. As a result, dextrocardia is conceptually difficult to understand and diagnose on prenatal ultrasound. The advantage of four-dimensional sonography with spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) is that this modality can facilitate fetal cardiac examination. A novel method known as fetal intelligent navigation echocardiography (FINE) allows automatic generation of nine standard fetal echocardiography views in normal hearts by applying intelligent navigation technology to STIC volume datasets...
June 23, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634383/discrepancy-between-objective-and-subjective-cognition-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Manit Srisurapanont, Sirijit Suttajit, Kanokkwan Eurviriyanukul, Prirada Varnado
This study aimed to determine: i) the correlation between objective and subjective cognition, ii) the correlates of objective and subjective cognition and iii) the predictors of discrepancy between objective and subjective cognition. Participants were non-elderly patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). We assessed subjective cognition using the Perceived Deficit Questionnaire for Depression (PDQ-D) and objective cognition using Face I and Face II tests of the Wechsler Memory Scale, 3rd edition and Digit Span and Matrix Reasoning tests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Adults, 3rd edition...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632037/construct-and-concurrent-validity-of-the-cambridge-neuropsychological-automated-tests-in-portuguese-older-adults-without-neuropsychiatric-diagnoses-and-with-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia
#3
Marta Matos Gonçalves, Maria Salomé Pinho, Mário R Simões
We aimed to analyze the construct and concurrent validity of the Rapid Visual Information Processing (RVP), Paired Associates Learning (PAL), Reaction Time (RTI), and Spatial Working Memory (SWM) tests from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB®). Inclusion criteria were checked in a first session. The CANTAB and additional pencil-and-paper tests were administered within 1 week. The participants (aged 69-96 years) were 137 Portuguese adults without neuropsychiatric diagnoses and 37 adults with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease dementia...
February 28, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631992/validity-of-a-verbal-incidental-learning-measure-from-the-wais-iv-in-older-adults
#4
Dustin B Hammers, Amanda M Kucera, Stephanie J Card, Kathryn A Tolle, Taylor J Atkinson, Kevin Duff, Robert J Spencer
Incidental memory may reflect a form of learning in everyday life, although it is not consistently evaluated during standard neuropsychological evaluations. Further validation of a recently created measure of verbal Incidental Learning (IL) from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV is necessary to understand the utility of such a measure in clinical settings. Sixty-eight adults aged 50 to 89 were recruited from a Cognitive Disorders Clinic while receiving a standard neuropsychological assessment, along with two additional measures of IL...
March 2, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623837/abnormal-asymmetry-in-benign-epilepsy-with-unilateral-and-bilateral-centrotemporal-spikes-a-combined-fmri-and-dti-study
#5
Weifang Cao, Yaodan Zhang, Changyue Hou, Fei Yang, Jinnan Gong, Sisi Jiang, Yue Huang, Ruhui Xiao, Cheng Luo, Xiaoming Wang, Dezhong Yao
Benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is the most common idiopathic focal childhood epilepsy associated with either unilateral or bilateral epileptic discharge. Asymmetry as an important characteristic of the human brain is beneficial for brain functions. However, little is known about on asymmetry of BECTS patients with different epileptic spikes pattern. In the present study, we investigated functional and structural asymmetries in unilateral spikes BECTS (U_BECTS) patients and bilateral spikes BECTS (B_BECTS) patients using resting state functional magnetic resonance images and diffusion tensor imaging...
June 8, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621826/cerebral-metabolic-alterations-and-cognitive-dysfunction-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-using-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-and-wechsler-intelligence-scale
#6
Doaa Mohammed Youssef, Ahmed Hosny Mohamed, Wafaa Mahmoud Kamel Attia, Faten Fawzy Mohammad, Nelly Rafaat Abd El Fatah, Amal Saeed Elshal
BACKGROUND: Many studies described Impaired intelligence, attention, memory and executive function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) dialyzed and non-dialyzed, but there is still lacking the early and sensitive method of detection of these deficits. The purpose of this study is to investigate relation between the brain metabolic alteration [measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS)] and cognitive dysfunction in CKD children (detected by psychometric analysis). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty patients with CKD were included [ 40 patients with stage 5 CKD on dialysis, 30 patients with stage 4 to 5 CKD without dialysis, and 70 patients with stage 1 to 3 CKD]...
June 16, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621205/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-children-with-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-psychometric-neurophysiologic-and-radiologic-evaluation
#7
M S Elalfy, R H Aly, H Azzam, K Aboelftouh, R H Shatla, M Tarif, M Abdatty, R M Elsayed
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of iron chelating drugs and serum ferritin on the neurocognitive functions of patients with β thalassemia major (β-TM), using psychometric, neurophysiologic and radiologic tests. METHODS: Eighty children with β-TM were enrolled into the study and were compared to 40 healthy controls. All participants were evaluated by measuring serum ferritin, neurocognitive assessment by Benton Visual Retention Test, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Wisconsin Card Sort Test, P300 and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS)...
June 16, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608616/whole-brain-structural-connectivity-in-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-and-its-association-with-motor-and-cognitive-function
#8
Júlia Ballester-Plané, Ruben Schmidt, Olga Laporta-Hoyos, Carme Junqué, Élida Vázquez, Ignacio Delgado, Leire Zubiaurre-Elorza, Alfons Macaya, Pilar Póo, Esther Toro, Marcel A de Reus, Martijn P van den Heuvel, Roser Pueyo
Dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP) has long been associated with basal ganglia and thalamus lesions. Recent evidence further points at white matter (WM) damage. This study aims to identify altered WM pathways in dyskinetic CP from a standardized, connectome-based approach, and to assess structure-function relationship in WM pathways for clinical outcomes. Individual connectome maps of 25 subjects with dyskinetic CP and 24 healthy controls were obtained combining a structural parcellation scheme with whole-brain deterministic tractography...
June 13, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607070/network-dynamics-of-social-influence-in-the-wisdom-of-crowds
#9
Joshua Becker, Devon Brackbill, Damon Centola
A longstanding problem in the social, biological, and computational sciences is to determine how groups of distributed individuals can form intelligent collective judgments. Since Galton's discovery of the "wisdom of crowds" [Galton F (1907) Nature 75:450-451], theories of collective intelligence have suggested that the accuracy of group judgments requires individuals to be either independent, with uncorrelated beliefs, or diverse, with negatively correlated beliefs [Page S (2008) The Difference: How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups, Firms, Schools, and Societies]...
June 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606629/neural-substrates-underlying-balanced-time-perspective-a-combined-voxel-based-morphometry-and-resting-state-functional-connectivity-study
#10
Yiqun Guo, Zhiyi Chen, Tingyong Feng
Balanced time perspective (BTP), which is defined as a mental ability to switch flexibly among different time perspectives Zimbardo and Boyd (1999), has been suggested to be a central component of positive psychology Boniwell and Zimbardo (2004). BTP reflects individual's cognitive flexibility towards different time frames, which leads to many positive outcomes, including positive mood, subjective wellbeing, emotional intelligence, fluid intelligence, and executive control. However, the neural basis of BTP is still unclear...
June 9, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606213/is-emotional-intelligence-impaired-in-unaffected-siblings-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#11
Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Georg Kemmler, Silvia Pardeller, Markus Huber, Christian Macina, Anna-Sophia Welte, Alex Hofer
OBJECTIVES: Social cognitive deficits have been discussed to be endophenotypes for schizophrenia and other serious mental illnesses. The current study aimed to assess emotional intelligence (EI) in unaffected siblings of schizophrenia patients to investigate its potential role as endophenotype for schizophrenia. METHODS: EI was measured in 56 schizophrenia patients, 57 unaffected siblings, and 127 healthy control subjects by using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605630/cognitive-outcome-after-epilepsy-surgery-in-children-a-controlled-longitudinal-study
#12
Valentina Sibilia, Carmen Barba, Tiziana Metitieri, Giovanni Michelini, Flavio Giordano, Lorenzo Genitori, Renzo Guerrini
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the determinants of cognitive outcome two years after surgery for drug-resistant epilepsy in a cohort of 31 children when compared to a control group of 14 surgical candidates who had yet to undergo surgery two years after the first neuropsychological assessment. METHODS: Controlled longitudinal study including three evaluations of IQ (Intelligence Quotient) scores or GDQ (General Developmental Quotient) for each group depending on the patient's age: prior to surgery (T0), one year (T1) and two years (T2) after surgery for the surgical group; baseline (T0) and one year (T1) and 2years (T2) after the first evaluation for the control-group...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600610/-associations-between-cognitive-performance-in-a-dementia-screening-test-skt-and-an-intelligence-test-wais-iv-which-deficits-in-cognitive-performance-in-old-age-indicate-a-possible-pathological-deterioration-process
#13
Laura Pauli, Monika Daseking, Franz Petermann, Mark Stemmler
BACKGROUND: Which deficits in cognitive performance indicate the onset of a pathological deterioration process in older persons? AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Based on an established dementia screening test in elderly adults, a differentiation can be made between healthy cognitive performance and the onset of pathological deficits in performance (in the sense of mild cognitive impairment). The aim of the study was to investigate whether cognitive decline assessed with a dementia screening instrument is reflected in an intelligence test for adults...
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599537/using-envelope-modulation-to-explain-speech-intelligibility-in-the-presence-of-a-single-reflection
#14
Ramesh Kumar Muralimanohar, James M Kates, Kathryn H Arehart
A single reflection is the simplest simulation of reverberation and provides insights into more complex scenarios of listening in rooms. This paper presents an analysis of the effects of a single reflection as its delay and intensity are systematically varied. The changes to the envelope modulations are analyzed using not only the traditional within-auditory-band analysis approach but also an across-band spectro-temporal analysis using cepstral correlation coefficients. The use of an auditory model allowed the extension of the simulations to include sensorineural hearing loss...
May 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595670/healthy-cognitive-ageing-in-the-lothian-birth-cohort-studies-marginal-gains-not-magic-bullet
#15
J Corley, S R Cox, I J Deary
In the face of shifting demographics and an increase in human longevity, it is important to examine carefully what is known about cognitive ageing, and to identify and promote possibly malleable lifestyle and health-related factors that might mitigate age-associated cognitive decline. The Lothian Birth Cohorts of 1921 (LBC1921, n = 550) and 1936 (LBC1936, n = 1091) are longitudinal studies of cognitive and brain ageing based in Scotland. Childhood IQ data are available for these participants, who were recruited in later life and then followed up regularly...
June 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594884/correlation-between-white-matter-microstructure-and-executive-functions-suggests-early-developmental-influence-on-long-fibre-tracts-in-preterm-born-adolescents
#16
Brigitte Vollmer, Aiko Lundequist, Gustaf Mårtensson, Zoltan Nagy, Hugo Lagercrantz, Ann-Charlotte Smedler, Hans Forssberg
MAIN OBJECTIVES: Executive functions are frequently a weakness in children born preterm. We examined associations of executive functions and general cognitive abilities with brain structure in preterm born adolescents who were born with appropriate weight for gestational age and who have no radiological signs of preterm brain injury on neuroimaging. METHODS: The Stockholm Neonatal Project (SNP) is a longitudinal, population-based study of children born preterm (<36 weeks of gestation) with very low birth weight (<1501g) between 1988-1993...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594245/chronotype-correlates-with-developmental-index-intelligence-and-academic-achievement-a-study-based-on-nationwide-indicators
#17
Christoph Randler
Chronotype or morningness-eveningness (M/E) is an individual trait with a biological basis. In this study, I analysed the relationship between M/E and nationwide available data, such as economic variables, school achievement, intelligence and conscientiousness, which is a personality trait. These variables have been chosen because, first, they are linked on the individual level with circadian preference, and, second these associations have been found based on meta-analyses, which gives these findings a high plausibility...
June 8, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594211/how-well-do-juvenile-risk-assessments-measure-factors-to-target-in-treatment-examining-construct-validity
#18
Jennifer L Skeem, Patrick J Kennealy, Joseph R Tatar, Isaias R Hernandez, Felicia A Keith
There has been a surge of interest in using 1 type of risk assessment instrument to tailor treatment to juveniles to reduce recidivism. Unlike prediction-oriented instruments, these reduction-oriented instruments explicitly measure variable risk factors as "needs" to be addressed in treatment. There is little evidence, however, that the instruments accurately measure specific risk factors. Based on a sample of 237 serious juvenile offenders (Mage = 18, SD = 1.6), we tested whether California Youth Assessment Inventory (CA-YASI) scores validly assess the risk factors they purport to assess...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592997/diagnoses-and-characteristics-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-children-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#19
Elisabeth M Dykens, Elizabeth Roof, Hailee Hunt-Hawkins, Nathan Dankner, Evon Batey Lee, Carolyn M Shivers, Christopher Daniell, Soo-Jeong Kim
BACKGROUND: A small percentage of people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have alterations in chromosome 15q11.2-q3, the critical region for Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Data are limited, however, on the rates and characteristics of ASD in PWS. Previous estimates of ASD in PWS (25 to 41%) are questionable as they are based solely on autism screeners given to parents. Inaccurate diagnoses of ASD in PWS can mislead intervention and future research. METHODS: One hundred forty-six children and youth with PWS aged 4 to 21 years (M = 11) were assessed with the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 (ADOS-2)...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591483/cognition-in-epilepsy-patients-with-hypothalamic-hamartomas
#20
Kathrin Wagner, Jennifer V Wethe, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Michael Trippel, Harold Rekate, George P Prigatano, John F Kerrigan
Many patients with epilepsy caused by hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) have cognitive impairments during the course of the disease or following neurosurgical treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess cognitive function in these patients, as well as factors influencing preoperative cognitive performance and cognitive outcome after neurosurgical treatment. Using the two largest and most detailed neuropsychology datasets on HH and epilepsy from two centers, we retrospectively report on cognitive functions in 48 patients with structural epilepsy due to HH (mean age ± standard deviation [SD] 20 ± 12 years, range 5-53 years, median 16 years; disease duration mean 17 ± 11 years)...
June 2017: Epilepsia
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