Read by QxMD icon Read

Intelligence women

Rémi Béranger, Ronan Garlantézec, Gaïd Le Maner-Idrissi, Agnès Lacroix, Florence Rouget, Jessica Trowbridge, Charline Warembourg, Christine Monfort, Florent Le Gléau, Marylène Jourdin, Luc Multigner, Sylvaine Cordier, Cécile Chevrier
BACKGROUND: Glycol ethers (GE) are widely used organic solvents. Despite the potential neurotoxicity of several families of organic solvents, little is known about the impact of GE on the neurodevelopment of infants and children. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relation between urinary concentrations of GE metabolites in pregnant women and neurocognitive abilities in their 6-year-old children in the PELAGIE mother-child cohort. METHODS: Five GE metabolites were measured in first-void urine samples of 204 French pregnant women in early pregnancy (<19 weeks of gestation)...
October 14, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
Radovan Bílek, Nataša Kaňová, Veronika Mindžáková, David Neumann, Jan Jiskra, Lydie Ryšavá, Václav Zamrazil
INTRODUCTION: Iodine deficiency is a global public health problem which is particularly noticeable in pregnant or breastfeeding women and their children. Even mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy can lead to damage to the developing brain and thus affecting the fetus intelligence, his cognitive and neurological function, embryogenesis and growth. PATIENTS: In the period 2010-2015 was determined by spectrophotometry at the Institute of Endocrinology the basal urinary iodine in 532 pregnant women at the age of 32 ± 5 (18-44) years, which came from Prague, Hradec Kralove and Mlada Boleslav...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Natalio Extremera, Lourdes Rey
A growing body of research has demonstrated that deficits in well-being may be related to increased suicide risk, but there is only a limited number of studies that have focused on specific protective factors that can serve as a buffer against suicidal ideation and behaviours. Given that unemployment may be a factor leading to increased risk for suicide, this study assessed whether perceived EI might be a potential moderator in the relationship between life satisfaction/happiness and suicidal behaviours in a relatively large sample of unemployed individuals...
2016: PloS One
Jennifer L Woods, Devon J Hensel, J Dennis Fortenberry
Ideal partner traits and how they relate to a young woman's current partner and relationship is a knowledge gap in the literature. The objectives of this study were 1) to assess any differences in interpersonal characteristics between a young woman or her partner and relationship and 2) to examine the impact of this difference on sexual monogamy, condom use and frequency of vaginal sex. Study participants (n=387, 14-17 years at enrollment, 90% African American) were recruited from three primary care adolescent health clinics serving areas with high rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI); data were drawn from a longitudinal cohort study of sexual relationships and behaviors among young women...
August 17, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Alicia J Spittle, Jennifer L McGinley, Deanne Thompson, Ross Clark, Tara L FitzGerald, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Katherine J Lee, Joy E Olsen, Alice Burnett, Karli Treyvaud, Elisha Josev, Bonnie Alexander, Claire E Kelly, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson, Jeanie Ly Cheong
INTRODUCTION: Motor impairments are one of the most frequently reported adverse neurodevelopmental consequences in children born < 30 weeks' gestation. Up to 15% of children born at < 30 weeks have cerebral palsy and an additional 50% have mild to severe motor impairment at school age. The first 5 years of life are critical for the development of fundamental motor skills. These skills form the basis for more complex skills that are required to competently and confidently participate in schooling, sporting and recreational activities...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
Iván Rodríguez-Núñez, Carlos Manterola
INTRODUCTION: Perceived exertion scales quantify the sensation caused by metabolic changes during exercise. Children need tailored tools due to their cognitive immaturity such as the EPInfant scale recently developed in Chile.  OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity and reliability of the EPInfant scale in children during a graded exercise test.  MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study for which we selected healthy children younger than 18 years and grouped them according to Piaget's stages of cognitive maturity: Concrete operations (8-12 years) and formal intelligence (13-15 years)...
2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Nicola S Schutte, Suresh K A Palanisamy, James R McFarlane
OBJECTIVE: Longer telomeres are associated with better health and longevity. This research investigated the relationship between positive psychological dispositional traits and telomere length. Positive traits examined were typical high positive affect, typical low negative affect, life satisfaction, trait mindfulness, trait emotional intelligence, general self-efficacy and optimism. DESIGN AND MEASURES: One hundred and twenty women and men, with a mean age of 40...
December 2016: Psychology & Health
Tushabe Wa Tushabe
Drawing on lessons from the experiences of women who exchange same-sex erotic energies, this article suggests that advocates of same-sex human rights should take into account epistemic erasures colonized people experience when activism and policies regarding sexual freedom ignore various linguistic and community structures that create spaces for diverse ways of knowing and being. Since the late 1990s, the discourse on homosexuality in Uganda has motivated important debates concerning human values of sovereignty, rights, and family, and has expanded freedoms of sexual expression while at the same time conditioning these freedoms to be experienced in colonial ways of self-knowledge...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
Usha Ramakrishnan, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Lourdes Schnaas, Ann DiGirolamo, Amado D Quezada, Beth C Pallo, Wei Hao, Lynnette M Neufeld, Juan A Rivera, Aryeh D Stein, Reynaldo Martorell
BACKGROUND: Docosahexanoic acid (DHA) is an important constituent of the brain. Evidence from well-designed intervention trials of the long-term benefits of increasing DHA intake during pregnancy has been sparse. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated global cognition, behavior, and attention at age 5 y in the offspring of Mexican women who participated in a randomized controlled trial of prenatal DHA supplementation. DESIGN: A total of 1094 women were randomly assigned to receive 400 mg of either DHA or placebo/d from 18 to 22 wk of pregnancy until delivery...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Rosario Cabello, Miguel A Sorrel, Irene Fernández-Pinto, Natalio Extremera, Pablo Fernández-Berrocal
The goal of the current investigation was to analyze ability emotional intelligence (EI) in a large cross-sectional sample of Spanish adults (N = 12,198; males, 56.56%) aged from 17 to 76 years (M = 37.71, SD = 12.66). Using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), which measures ability EI according to the 4 branches of the Mayer and Salovey EI model. The authors examined effects of gender on ability EI, as well as the linear and quadratic effects of age. Results suggest that gender affects the total ability EI score as well as scores on the 4 EI branches...
September 2016: Developmental Psychology
Unnikrishnan Krishnan Syam, Sanjeev V Thomas
PURPOSE: To study the epileptiform discharges (EDs) in the electroencephalogram (EEG) of 6-8-year-old children of women with epilepsy (WWE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All children born to women with epilepsy and prospectively followed up through the Kerala Registry of Epilepsy and Pregnancy (KREP), aged 6-8 years, were invited (n = 532). Out of the 254 children who responded, clinical evaluations and a 30-min digital 18 channel EEG were completed in 185 children. RESULTS: Of the 185 children examined, 37 (20%) children (19 males, 18 females) had ED in their EEG...
July 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Octavio Luque-Reca, José María Augusto-Landa, Manuel Pulido-Martos
Background. This work examines the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and depressive symptomatology in institutionalized older adults, delving into the mechanisms underlying this relationship. Considering that previous evidence of the variation of the EI-depression relationship depending on whether the emotional ability or the perception of that ability is evaluated, a model of multiple mediation was tested in which the dimensions of emotional self-efficacy (ESE) act as mediators in the relationship between ability EI and depressive symptomatology...
2016: PeerJ
Priscila G Brust-Renck, Valerie F Reyna, Evan A Wilhelms, Christopher R Wolfe, Colin L Widmer, Elizabeth M Cedillos-Whynott, A Kate Morant
We used Sharable Knowledge Objects (SKOs) to create an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) grounded in Fuzzy-Trace Theory to teach women about obesity prevention: GistFit, getting the gist of healthy eating and exercise. The theory predicts that reliance on gist mental representations (as opposed to verbatim) is more effective in reducing health risks and improving decision making. Technical information was translated into decision-relevant gist representations and gist principles (i.e., healthy values). The SKO was hypothesized to facilitate extracting these gist representations and principles by engaging women in dialogue, "understanding" their responses, and replying appropriately to prompt additional engagement...
August 16, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
Chao Li, Ni Zhu, Lingxia Zeng, Shaonong Dang, Jing Zhou, Hong Yan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of prenatal and postnatal malnutrition on the intellectual functioning of early school-aged children. We followed the offspring of women who had participated in a trial of prenatal supplementation with different combinations of micronutrients and who remained resident in the study field. We measured their intellectual functioning using the Wechsler intelligence scale for children (WISC-IV). Height-for-age, weight-for-age, and body mass index (BMI)-for-age were used as anthropometric nutritional status indices...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ye-Ha Jung, Tae Min Ha, Chang Young Oh, Ui Soon Lee, Joon Hwan Jang, Jungwon Kim, Jae-Oh Park, Do-Hyung Kang
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of an online mind-body training (MBT) program on participants' stress, anger, coping strategies, emotional intelligence, resilience, and positive and negative affect. Forty-two healthy women participated in an online MBT program for approximately 8-10 minutes a day for 8 weeks; a control group of 45 healthy women did not participate in the program. Self-report psychological questionnaires were administered before the beginning of the program and at 4 and 8 weeks following its onset...
2016: PloS One
Roberto Colom, Xue Hua, Kenia Martínez, Miguel Burgaleta, Francisco J Román, Jeffrey L Gunter, Susanna Carmona, Susanne M Jaeggi, Paul M Thompson
Tensor-Based Morphometry (TBM) allows the automatic mapping of brain changes across time building 3D deformation maps. This technique has been applied for tracking brain degeneration in Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases with high sensitivity and reliability. Here we applied TBM to quantify changes in brain structure after completing a challenging adaptive cognitive training program based on the n-back task. Twenty-six young women completed twenty-four training sessions across twelve weeks and they showed, on average, large cognitive improvements...
July 28, 2016: Neuropsychologia
Katarina Kjellberg, Andreas Lundin, Daniel Falkstedt, Peter Allebeck, Tomas Hemmingsson
PURPOSE: The study investigates the association between level of long-term physical workload in middle age and disability pension (DP) before 61 years of age with adjustments made for early life factors, level of education, and psychosocial working conditions. Associations with DP overall, DP due to musculoskeletal disorders and DP due to psychiatric disorders were examined. METHODS: The study is based on cohorts of 21,809 Swedish men and women born in 1948 and 1953, with data on physical workload estimated with a job exposure matrix based on occupational titles in 1985 and 1990 and follow-up data on diagnosis-specific DP in the years 1991-2009...
November 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Olivier Camuzard, Olivier Dassonville, Marc Ettaiche, Emmanuel Chamorey, Gilles Poissonnet, Riadh Berguiga, Axel Leysalle, Karen Benezery, Frédéric Peyrade, Esma Saada, Raphael Hechema, Anne Sudaka, Juliette Haudebourg, François Demard, José Santini, Alexandre Bozec
The aims of this study were to evaluate clinical outcomes and to determine their predictive factors in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) invading the mandibular bone (T4) who underwent primary radical surgery and fibula free-flap reconstruction. Between 2001 and 2013, all patients who underwent primary surgery and mandibular fibula free-flap reconstruction for OCSCC were enrolled in this retrospective study. Predictive factors of oncologic and functional outcomes were assessed in univariate and multivariate analysis...
July 20, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Karen Hillmann, Corinne Neukel, Dirk Hagemann, Sabine C Herpertz, Katja Bertsch
INTRODUCTION: Early-life maltreatment (ELM) has long-lasting negative consequences and is the most important general risk factor for mental disorders. Nevertheless, a number of maltreated children grow up to become healthy adults and have therefore been called 'resilient'. The aim of the current study is to investigate 'resilience factors' in the context of severe ELM. METHOD: The study was part of the large multicenter project Understanding and Breaking the Intergenerational Cycle of Abuse (UBICA)...
July 15, 2016: Psychopathology
Emily Oken, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Chitra Amarasiriwardena, Innocent Jayawardene, David C Bellinger, Joseph R Hibbeln, Robert O Wright, Matthew W Gillman
BACKGROUND: Few studies of maternal prenatal fish intake have included biomarkers of exposure to mercury, long-chain n-3 fatty acids, and selenium, which are hypothesized to mediate associations with child neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVES: Examine associations of maternal prenatal fish intake with child neurodevelopment accounting for biomarkers. METHODS: In 1999-2002 we enrolled pregnant women into the Project Viva cohort.At median 27.9weeks gestation, we estimated maternal fish intake using food frequency questionnaires, and collected blood...
July 2, 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"