keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intelligence women

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782396/the-comparison-of-intelligence-levels-of-children-born-to-kidney-or-liver-transplant-women-with-children-of-healthy-mothers
#1
Bozena Kociszewska-Najman, Monika Szpotanska-Sikorska, Natalia Mazanowska, Miroslaw Wielgos, Bronislawa Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy after transplantation is associated with high risk of complications and prenatal exposure to immunosuppressants. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the intellectual development of children born to women after organ transplantation. AIMS: A comparison of intelligence levels in 78 children of kidney or liver transplant women of 78 children born to healthy mothers. The assessment of intellectual level in children was conducted by psychologists and evaluated using age-adjusted intelligence tests (Psyche Cattell Infant Intelligence Scale, Terman-Merril Intelligence Scale or the Scales of Raven's Progressive Matrices)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771762/cognitive-impairment-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#2
Leif Karlsson, Anton Gezelius, Anna Nordenström, Tatja Hirvikoski, Svetlana Lajic
OBJECTIVE: Impaired cognition has been reported in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), although the findings have been conflicting. It has been hypothesized that the major causes of the deficits are prenatal hormonal imbalances and/or excessive glucocorticoid treatment. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND SETTING: This was an observational study comparing cognition in CAH patients (n=55) to control subjects from the general population (n=58), aged 16-33 years. Nine CAH subjects had been treated prenatally with dexamethasone...
August 3, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765090/data-relating-to-prenatal-lead-exposure-and-child-iq-at-4-and-8-years-old-in-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#3
Caroline M Taylor, Katarzyna Kordas, Jean Golding, Alan M Emond
As part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), measures of child IQ were collected by trained psychologists. The Wechsler Pre-school and Primary Scale of Intelligence - Revised UK edition (WPPSI) was used at age 4 years in a subsample of children enrolled in ALSPAC (the Children in Focus cohort), chosen at random from the last 6 months of ALSPAC births (about 10% of the participants). At age 8 years all children enrolled in the main cohort were invited to complete a short form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)-III (UK)...
July 29, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759619/fmri-to-probe-sex-related-differences-in-brain-function-with-multitasking
#4
Melanie Tschernegg, Christa Neuper, Reinhold Schmidt, Guilherme Wood, Martin Kronbichler, Franz Fazekas, Christian Enzinger, Marisa Koini
BACKGROUND: Although established as a general notion in society, there is no solid scientific foundation for the existence of sex-differences in multitasking. Reaction time and accuracy in dual task conditions have an inverse relationship relative to single task, independently from sex. While a more disseminated network, parallel to decreasing accuracy and reaction time has been demonstrated in dual task fMRI studies, little is known so far whether there exist respective sex-related differences in activation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754500/maternal-prenatal-blood-mercury-is-not-adversely-associated-with-offspring-iq-at-8-years-provided-the-mother-eats-fish-a-british-prebirth-cohort-study
#5
Jean Golding, Joseph R Hibbeln, Steven M Gregory, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Alan Emond, Caroline M Taylor
BACKGROUND: Conflicting evidence concerning possible harm from mercury (Hg) in regard to offspring cognition if the woman eats fish has prompted this study to examine evidence from a British pre-birth cohort to investigate the relationship between the two. METHODS: Pregnant women (median prenatal blood mercury 1.86μg/L) resident in the study area with delivery between April 1991 and December 1992 were followed up and verbal, performance and total intelligence quotient (IQ) of 2062 offspring were measured at age 8...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698926/diagnosis-of-dementia-by-machine-learning-methods-in-epidemiological-studies-a-pilot-exploratory-study-from-south-india
#6
Sheshadri Iyengar Raghavan Bhagyashree, Kiran Nagaraj, Martin Prince, Caroline H D Fall, Murali Krishna
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the use of artificial intelligence methods for the diagnosis of dementia in epidemiological studies in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings. A culture and education fair battery of cognitive tests was developed and validated for population based studies in low- and middle-income countries including India by the 10/66 Dementia Research Group. AIMS: We explored the machine learning methods based on the 10/66 battery of cognitive tests for the diagnosis of dementia based in a birth cohort study in South India...
July 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686749/setting-research-priorities-for-maternal-newborn-child-health-and-nutrition-in-india-by-engaging-experts-from-256-indigenous-institutions-contributing-over-4000-research-ideas-a-chnri-exercise-by-icmr-and-inclen
#7
Narendra K Arora, Archisman Mohapatra, Hema S Gopalan, Kerri Wazny, Vasantha Thavaraj, Reeta Rasaily, Manoj K Das, Meenu Maheshwari, Rajiv Bahl, Shamim A Qazi, Robert E Black, Igor Rudan
BACKGROUND: Health research in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) is often driven by donor priorities rather than by the needs of the countries where the research takes place. This lack of alignment of donor's priorities with local research need may be one of the reasons why countries fail to achieve set goals for population health and nutrition. India has a high burden of morbidity and mortality in women, children and infants. In order to look forward toward the Sustainable Development Goals, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the INCLEN Trust International (INCLEN) employed the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative's (CHNRI) research priority setting method for maternal, neonatal, child health and nutrition with the timeline of 2016-2025...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674393/identifying-affective-personality-profiles-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-the-affective-neuroscience-personality-scales
#8
Massimiliano Orri, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Alexandra Rouquette, Christophe Lalanne, Bruno Falissard, Catherine Herba, Sylvana M Côté, Sylvie Berthoz
Based on evolutionary theory, a recent model in affective neuroscience delineated six emotional brain systems at the core of human personality: SEEKING, CARING, PLAYFULNESS, FEAR, ANGER, SADNESS. The Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS) assess their functioning. Using a person-centred approach of the ANPS, this study: (i) examined the existence of latent personality profiles, (ii) studied their gender invariance, (iii) assessed their longitudinal (4 years) stability, and (iv) explored how they relate to several intrapersonal, interpersonal, and emotion regulation skills...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659274/childhood-intelligence-in-relation-to-major-causes-of-death-in-68-year-follow-up-prospective-population-study
#9
Catherine M Calvin, G David Batty, Geoff Der, Caroline E Brett, Adele Taylor, Alison Pattie, Iva Čukić, Ian J Deary
Objectives To examine the association between intelligence measured in childhood and leading causes of death in men and women over the life course.Design Prospective cohort study based on a whole population of participants born in Scotland in 1936 and linked to mortality data across 68 years of follow-up.Setting Scotland.Participants 33 536 men and 32 229 women who were participants in the Scottish Mental Survey of 1947 (SMS1947) and who could be linked to cause of death data up to December 2015.Main outcome measures Cause specific mortality, including from coronary heart disease, stroke, specific cancer types, respiratory disease, digestive disease, external causes, and dementia...
June 28, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655036/objective-and-subjective-measures-of-simultaneous-vs-sequential-bilateral-cochlear-implants-in-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Véronique J C Kraaijenga, Geerte G J Ramakers, Yvette E Smulders, Alice van Zon, Inge Stegeman, Adriana L Smit, Robert J Stokroos, Nadia Hendrice, Rolien H Free, Bert Maat, Johan H M Frijns, Jeroen J Briaire, E A M Mylanus, Wendy J Huinck, Gijsbert A Van Zanten, Wilko Grolman
Importance: To date, no randomized clinical trial on the comparison between simultaneous and sequential bilateral cochlear implants (BiCIs) has been performed. Objective: To investigate the hearing capabilities and the self-reported benefits of simultaneous BiCIs compared with those of sequential BiCIs. Design, Setting, and Participants: A multicenter randomized clinical trial was conducted between January 12, 2010, and September 2, 2012, at 5 tertiary referral centers among 40 participants eligible for BiCIs...
June 22, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600610/-associations-between-cognitive-performance-in-a-dementia-screening-test-skt-and-an-intelligence-test-wais-iv-which-deficits-in-cognitive-performance-in-old-age-indicate-a-possible-pathological-deterioration-process
#11
Laura Pauli, Monika Daseking, Franz Petermann, Mark Stemmler
BACKGROUND: Which deficits in cognitive performance indicate the onset of a pathological deterioration process in older persons? AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Based on an established dementia screening test in elderly adults, a differentiation can be made between healthy cognitive performance and the onset of pathological deficits in performance (in the sense of mild cognitive impairment). The aim of the study was to investigate whether cognitive decline assessed with a dementia screening instrument is reflected in an intelligence test for adults...
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591595/mapping-the-effect-of-the-x-chromosome-on-the-human-brain-neuroimaging-evidence-from-turner-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Chenxi Zhao, Gaolang Gong
In addition to determining sex, the X chromosome has long been considered to play a crucial role in brain development and intelligence. Turner syndrome (TS) is caused by the congenital absence of all or part of one of the X chromosomes in females. Thus, Turner syndrome provides a unique "knock-out model" for investigating how the X chromosome influences the human brain in vivo. Numerous cutting-edge neuroimaging techniques and analyses have been applied to investigate various brain phenotypes in women with TS, which have yielded valuable evidence toward elucidating the causal relationship between the X chromosome and human brain structure and function...
June 4, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583705/associations-of-newborn-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-with-long-term-neurodevelopmental-impairments-in-very-preterm-children
#13
Peter J Anderson, Karli Treyvaud, Jeffrey J Neil, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Rodney W Hunt, Deanne K Thompson, Katherine J Lee, Lex W Doyle, Terrie E Inder
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between brain abnormalities on newborn magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurodevelopmental impairment at 7 years of age in very preterm children. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 223 very preterm infants (<30 weeks of gestation or <1250 g) born at Melbourne's Royal Women's Hospital had a brain MRI scan at term equivalent age. Scans were scored using a standardized system that assessed structural abnormality of cerebral white matter, cortical gray matter, deep gray matter, and cerebellum...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581401/prospective-study-of-hippocampal-sparing-prophylactic-cranial-irradiation-in-limited-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer
#14
Kristin J Redmond, Russell K Hales, Heather Anderson-Keightly, Xian C Zhou, Megan Kummerlowe, Haris I Sair, Mario Duhon, Lawrence Kleinberg, Gary L Rosner, Tracy Vannorsdall
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate cognitive function and intracranial failure patterns after hippocampal-sparing prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Adults with limited-stage SCLC, achieving a complete response to chemoradiotherapy and no brain metastases, were eligible. Patients received PCI 25 Gy/10 fractions, with a mean hippocampal dose limited to <8 Gy and ≥90% of the brain receiving 90% of the prescription...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558549/what-about-the-different-shortened-versions-of-the-mindful-attention-awareness-scale
#15
Francesca Chiesi, Maria Anna Donati, Angelo Panno, Mauro Giacomantonio, Caterina Primi
Given the mixed conclusions on the psychometric properties of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) and the variety of subsets of items identified as abbreviated forms, the current study aimed to (a) further investigate the performance of single items and different combinations of items of the MAAS from within an Item Response Theory framework, (b) to expand upon existing knowledge about the coverage of the construct of the scale and its shortened versions. A sample of 914 participants (67.6% women; mean age 23...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555888/computerized-detection-of-leukocytes-in-microscopic-leukorrhea-images
#16
Jing Zhang, Ya Zhong, Xiangzhou Wang, Guangming Ni, Xiaohui Du, Juanxiu Liu, Liu Lin, Yong Liu
PURPOSE: Detection of leukocytes is critical for the routine leukorrhea exam, which is widely used in gynecological examinations. An elevated vaginal leukocyte count in women with bacterial vaginosis is a strong predictor of vaginal or cervical infections. In the routine leukorrhea exam, the counting of leukocytes is primarily performed by manual techniques. However, the viewing and counting of leukocytes from multiple high-power viewing fields on a glass slide under a microscope leads to subjectivity, low efficiency, and low accuracy...
May 29, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552611/care-of-long-term-survivors-of-head-and-neck-cancer-after-treatment-with-oral-or-facial-prostheses-or-both
#17
E Worrell, L Worrell, B Bisase
The current evidence of good practice in the delivery of long-term supportive care to patients who have been treated for head and neck cancer is sparse. We recruited 10 survivors so that we could follow their experience after their acute treatment was over. There were six men (mean (range) age 72 (54-86) years) and four women (mean (range) age 69 (67-73) years). After ethics committee approval had been given, we used structured interviews and questionnaires to investigate the impact of the resection and reconstruction, the patients' perceived needs, and their use of supportive care services...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532740/reduced-intellectual-ability-in-offspring-of-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-a-cohort-study
#18
Gu-Feng Xu, Cheng-Liang Zhou, Yi-Meng Xiong, Jing-Yi Li, Tian-Tian Yu, Shen Tian, Xian-Hua Lin, Yun Liao, Yuan Lv, Fang-Hong Zhang, Zhi-Wei Liu, Yin-Yin Shi, Yan Shen, Jin Sha, Dan Zhang, Yi-Min Zhu, Jian-Zhong Sheng, He-Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), a complication of ovarian stimulation, has various adverse effects on both pregnant women and their offspring. However, whether OHSS will affect intellectual ability in offspring is still unknown. METHODS: We recruited 86 Chinese children born to OHSS women and 172 children conceived with non-OHSS In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in this cohort study. Their intellectual ability was assessed according to the Revised Chinese Version of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (C-WISC)...
June 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521625/power-and-provocativeness-the-effects-of-subtle-changes-in-clothing-on-perceptions-of-working-women
#19
Regan A R Gurung, Elizabeth Punke, Michaella Brickner, Vincenzio Badalamenti
The current study investigates the effects of subtle changes in professional women's dress on women's perceptions of power and competence. We replicate and extend Howlett, Pine, Cahill, Orakcioglu, and Fletcher's (2015) research showing women in provocative clothing are rated as less competent. We used a larger sample, tested a second independent variable, and fine-tuned the design for higher face validity. Participants (N = 198, 170 women and 29 men) from a Midwestern university in the USA rated four photographs of professionally dressed women whose blouses varied in the number of buttons left undone and whether they wore a camisole...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505273/factor-analysis-of-an-expanded-halstead-reitan-battery-and-the-structure-of-neurocognition
#20
Virginie M Patt, Gregory G Brown, Michael L Thomas, Scott C Roesch, Michael J Taylor, Robert K Heaton
Objective: The structure of neurocognition is explored by examining the neurocognitive domains underlying comprehensive neuropsychological assessment of cognitively healthy individuals. Method: Exploratory factor analysis was conducted on the adult normative dataset of an expanded Halstead-Reitan Battery (eHRB), comprising Caucasian and African American participants. The factor structure contributions of the original HRB, eHRB expansion, and Wechsler intelligence scales were compared...
May 13, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
keyword
keyword
53415
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"