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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344046/relationship-between-spiritual-intelligence-with-happiness-and-fear-of-childbirth-in-iranian-pregnant-women
#1
Sedigheh Abdollahpour, Ahmad Khosravi
Background: Spiritual intelligence is a person's ability to feel a connection to a higher power and a sacred entity. With regard to its relation with happiness, it can have an important effect on the mental health of pregnant women. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and happiness and fear of childbirth in pregnant women. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 245 low-risk pregnant women from June till September 2015...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341895/prenatal-paracetamol-exposure-and-child-neurodevelopment-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Ann Z Bauer, David Kriebel, Martha R Herbert, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag, Shanna H Swan
BACKGROUND: The non-prescription medication paracetamol (acetaminophen, APAP) is currently recommended as a safe pain and fever treatment during pregnancy. However, recent studies suggest a possible association between APAP use in pregnancy and offspring neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a review of publications reporting associations between prenatal APAP use and offspring neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: Relevant sources were identified through a key word search of multiple databases (Medline, CINAHL, OVID and TOXNET) in September 2016...
January 13, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336775/neural-correlates-of-emotional-action-control-in-anger-prone-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#3
Katja Bertsch, Karin Roelofs, Paul Jonathan Roch, Bo Ma, Saskia Hensel, Sabine C Herpertz, Inge Volman
BACKGROUND: Difficulty in controlling emotional impulses is a crucial component of borderline personality disorder (BPD) that often leads to destructive, impulsive behaviours against others. In line with recent findings in aggressive individuals, deficits in prefrontal amygdala coupling during emotional action control may account for these symptoms. METHODS: To study the neurobiological correlates of altered emotional action control in individuals with BPD, we asked medication-free, anger-prone, female patients with BPD and age- and intelligence-matched healthy women to take part in an approach-avoidance task while lying in an MRI scanner...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326803/treatment-of-early-stages-hodgkin-lymphoma-during-pregnancy
#4
Agustin Avilés, Maria-Jesus Nambo, Natividad Neri
Background: To assess maternal and fetal outcome of women and newborns who received chemotherapy during pregnancy to treat Hodgkin lymphoma (HL)in early stages (IA, IIA), we performed a retrospective analysis of a cohort of 44 pregnant women with HL and early stages, diagnosed and treated between 1988 to 2013, at a tertiary reference cancer center. Methods: We analyzed data on HL characteristics and treatment, with a particular attention to maternal and fetal complications; in children, we performed a longer follow-up to detect any anomaly in physical development, scholar performance, psychological, cardiac, neurological function, and intelligence tests...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285000/exploring-the-added-value-of-women-health-care-managers-in-poland
#5
Katarzyna Czabanowska, Alicja Domagała, Stavroula Kalaitzi, Aleksandra Krogulec, Genc Burazeri, Suzanne Babich
Introduction: Female managers in the Polish health care system are seldom a subject of scientific investigation. Material and Methods: This study describes the share and profile of women in health care management positions and explores how and why Polish female health care managers add value to the leadership of health care organizations. Three data collection methods were used including: scoping review, analysis of data from governmental information bases and in-depth interviews with female health care managers...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282462/evaluation-of-validity-evidence-for-personality-emotional-intelligence-and-situational-judgment-tests-to-identify-successful-residents
#6
Aimee K Gardner, Brian J Dunkin
Importance: The ability to identify candidates who will thrive and successfully complete their residency is especially critical for general surgery programs. Objective: To assess the extent to which 3 screening tools used extensively in industrial selection settings-emotional intelligence (EQ), personality profiles, and situational judgment tests (SJTs)-could identify successful surgery residents. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this analysis, personality profiles, EQ assessments, and SJTs were administered from July through August 2015 to 51 postgraduate year 1 through 5 general surgery residents in a large general surgery residency program...
December 27, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278550/intelligent-use-of-antiepileptic-drugs-is-beneficial-to-patients
#7
Jocelyn Y Cheng, Jacqueline A French
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the most important issues a clinician must consider whenever selecting and administering antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). There is no available algorithm that identifies how to individualize selection of AEDs. Proper selection and administration can make an enormous difference in both effectiveness and tolerability. RECENT FINDINGS: Many principles of AED selection remain unchanged. Selection of AEDs must be based on understanding of epilepsy syndrome and seizure type, comorbidities, risk of adverse events, as well as on patient characteristics such as age and sex...
December 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236842/the-moderator-effect-of-sex-on-attitude-toward-communication-emotional-intelligence-and-empathy-in-the-nursing-field
#8
María Del Carmen Giménez-Espert, Vicente-Javier Prado-Gascó
OBJECTIVES: to analyze differences in the variables for the object of this study (attitude toward communication, emotional intelligence, and empathy) according to sex; verify correlations among variables between men and women and analyze regression models according to sex. METHOD: the ATC was used to measure attitudes toward communication; the Jefferson Scale of Empathy was used to measure empathy; and the Trait Meta Mood Scale 24 was used to measure emotional intelligence...
December 11, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220528/maternal-thyroid-function-in-early-pregnancy-and-neuropsychological-performance-of-the-child-at-5-years-of-age
#9
Stine Linding Andersen, Stig Andersen, Zeyan Liew, Peter Vestergaard, Jørn Olsen
Context: Abnormal maternal thyroid function in pregnancy may impair fetal brain development, but more evidence is needed to refine and corroborate the hypothesis. Objective: To estimate the association between maternal thyroid function in early pregnancy and neuropsychological performance of the child at 5 years of age. Design: Follow-up study. Participants: A cohort of 1,153 women and their children sampled from the Danish National Birth Cohort...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211489/pregnancies-and-live-births-active-component-service-women-u-s-armed-forces-2012-2016
#10
Shauna Stahlman, Catherine T Witkop, Leslie L Clark, Stephen B Taubman
This report summarizes data on the demographic and military characteristics of women and women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) in the active component of the U.S. Armed Forces during 2012-2016. Data on pregnancy-related care and birth rates are also presented. In 2016, WOCBP comprised the vast majority of active component service women. The largest proportions of WOCBP were in the categories of women who were 20-24 years old, non-Hispanic white, junior enlisted rank, and in a communications/intelligence occupation...
November 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188755/approach-and-avoidance-tendencies-toward-picture-stimuli-of-pre-pubescent-children-and-adults-an-investigation-in-pedophilic-and-nonpedophilic-samples
#11
K Weidacker, C Kärgel, C Massau, S Weiß, J Kneer, T H C Krueger, B Schiffer
The presence of pedophilic sexual interests is considered of high importance for predicting recidivism among individuals who have committed sexual offenses. However, objective and valid assessment methods that are robust against confounding issues such as cognitive capacity and manipulation are sparse. We applied the Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT) for detecting sexual interests in 38 pedophilic men (18 primarily attracted to boys) and 27 male nonpedophilic (11 gay) participants. The AAT relies on automatic approach and avoidance tendencies, independent of cognitive abilities such as memory capacity and intelligence...
March 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184578/the-effect-of-emotional-intelligence-training-on-self-efficacy-in-women-with-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Zahra Mehrabi, Fatemeh Nazari, Tayebe Mehrabi, Vahid Shaygannejad
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic disease of the central nervous system (CNS), causing progressive nerve damage, has disabling symptoms, and undermines self-efficacy beliefs. Due to the importance of self-efficacy modified in adaptation and coping with stress, this study was conducted with the aim to investigate the effect of emotional intelligence training on self-efficacy in women with MS. Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 70 women referring to the Multiple Sclerosis Clinic of Kashani Hospital, Isfahan, Iran...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175265/digital-image-analysis-in-breast-pathology-from-image-processing-techniques-to-artificial-intelligence
#13
REVIEW
Stephanie Robertson, Hossein Azizpour, Kevin Smith, Johan Hartman
Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease in women worldwide. In recent decades, earlier diagnosis and better adjuvant therapy have substantially improved patient outcome. Diagnosis by histopathology has proven to be instrumental to guide breast cancer treatment, but new challenges have emerged as our increasing understanding of cancer over the years has revealed its complex nature. As patient demand for personalized breast cancer therapy grows, we face an urgent need for more precise biomarker assessment and more accurate histopathologic breast cancer diagnosis to make better therapy decisions...
November 7, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167776/prognosis-and-early-diagnosis-of-ductal-and-lobular-type-in-breast-cancer-patient
#14
Houriyeh Ehtemam, Mitra Montazeri, Reza Khajouei, Raziyeh Hosseini, Ali Nemati, Vahid Maazed
Background: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers with a high mortality rate among women. Prognosis and early diagnosis of breast cancer among women society reduce considerable rate of their mortality. Nowadays, due to this illness, try to be setting up intelligent systems, which can predict and early diagnose this cancer, and reduce mortality of women society. Methods: Overall, 208 samples were collected from 2014 to 2015 from two oncologist offices and Javadalaemeh Clinic in Kerman, southeastern Iran...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163272/perceived-emotional-intelligence-and-learning-strategies-in-spanish-university-students-a-new-perspective-from-a-canonical-non-symmetrical-correspondence-analysis
#15
María C Vega-Hernández, María C Patino-Alonso, Rosario Cabello, María P Galindo-Villardón, Pablo Fernández-Berrocal
Recent studies have revealed that emotional competences are relevant to the student's learning process and, more specifically, in the use of learning strategies (LSs). The aim of this study is twofold. First, we aim to analyze the relationship between perceived emotional intelligence (PEI) and LSs applying the scales TMMS-24 and Abridged ACRA to a sample of 2334 Spanish university students, whilst also exploring possible gender differences. Second, we aim to propose a methodological alternative based on the Canonical non-symmetrical correspondence analysis (CNCA), as an alternative to the methods traditionally used in Psychology and Education...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150869/maternal-mood-disorders-and-lithium-exposure-in-utero-were-not-associated-with-poor-cognitive-development-during-childhood
#16
L Forsberg, M Adler, I Römer Ek, M Ljungdahl, L Navér, L L Gustafsson, G Berglund, A Chotigasatien, U Hammar, B Böhm, K Wide
AIM: This study evaluated whether maternal mood disorders, particularly bipolar disorder, and lithium treatment during pregnancy influenced the neonatal health and cognition of children born from 2006- 2010. METHODS: Our study at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, focused on women with and without mood disorders and their children. Information on pharmacotherapy, mental health, delivery and neonatal complications was retrospectively collected from electronic patient records...
November 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136227/developmental-outcome-of-9-year-old-children-born-after-pgs-follow-up-of-a-randomized-trial
#17
Derk Kuiper, Anne Bennema, Sacha la Bastide-van Gemert, Jorien Seggers, Pamela Schendelaar, Sebastiaan Mastenbroek, Annemieke Hoek, Maas Jan Heineman, Tessa J Roseboom, Joke H Kok, Mijna Hadders-Algra
STUDY QUESTION: Does Day-3 cleavage-stage PGS affect neurodevelopment of 9-year-old IVF offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: We did not find evidence of adverse consequences of Day-3 cleavage-stage PGS on neurodevelopment of 9-year-old IVF offspring, although children born after IVF with or without PGS often had a non-optimal neurological condition. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Knowledge on long-term sequelae for development and health of children born following PGS is lacking...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097255/association-of-pik3cg-gene-polymorphisms-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-case-control-study
#18
Xue Gu, Fang-Fen Yuan, Xin Huang, Yuwei Hou, Min Wang, Jun Lin, Jing Wu
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a complicated neurodevelopmental disorder with high heritability. This study explores the association of PIK3CG gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1129293, rs12536620, rs12667819, rs17847825, rs2230460) with ADHD in children and the relation of interaction between SNPs and environmental factors, including blood lead levels (BLLs) and feeding style. A case-control study was conducted with children aged 6-18years old, consisting of 389 children newly diagnosed with ADHD via the DSM-IV at the Wuhan Women and Children Medical Care Center, and 393 control participants were healthy children for physical examination during the same period...
October 31, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068970/more-than-meets-the-eye-the-effect-of-intercanthal-distance-on-perception-of-beauty-and-personality
#19
Sanjay Naran, Ari M Wes, Daniel M Mazzaferro, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
In judging normalcy, surgeons rely on established facial anthropometric measures and proportions. However, there exists a range of "normal," and a degree of disproportion may be considered more attractive. The authors set out to determine how changes in only intercanthal distance affect the layperson's perception of beauty and personality traits of a face. The authors used Amazon.com's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), a crowdsourcing tool, to determine how changes in intercanthal distance affect overall perception of beauty and personality...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048311/impact-of-the-intensive-program-of-emotional-intelligence-ipei-on-work-supervisors
#20
Gustavo A Rodríguez García, Belén López-Pérez, Manuel A Férreo Cruzado, María E Fernández Carrascoso, Juan Fernández
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Intensive Program of Emotional Intelligence (IPEI; Fernández, 2016; Férreo, 2016) on middle managers’ emotional intelligence, as this variable may have a significant impact on personal satisfaction, task performance, and the work environment. METHOD: The intervention was applied to work team supervisors in a large call center, as it is an overlooked sector in this topic. Two-hundred and eighty-two supervisors from a Madrid-based, Spanish multinational (51...
November 2017: Psicothema
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