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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600610/-associations-between-cognitive-performance-in-a-dementia-screening-test-skt-and-an-intelligence-test-wais-iv-which-deficits-in-cognitive-performance-in-old-age-indicate-a-possible-pathological-deterioration-process
#1
Laura Pauli, Monika Daseking, Franz Petermann, Mark Stemmler
BACKGROUND: Which deficits in cognitive performance indicate the onset of a pathological deterioration process in older persons? AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Based on an established dementia screening test in elderly adults, a differentiation can be made between healthy cognitive performance and the onset of pathological deficits in performance (in the sense of mild cognitive impairment). The aim of the study was to investigate whether cognitive decline assessed with a dementia screening instrument is reflected in an intelligence test for adults...
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591595/mapping-the-effect-of-the-x-chromosome-on-the-human-brain-neuroimaging-evidence-from-turner-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Chenxi Zhao, Gaolang Gong
In addition to determining sex, the X chromosome has long been considered to play a crucial role in brain development and intelligence. Turner syndrome (TS) is caused by the congenital absence of all or part of one of the X chromosomes in females. Thus, Turner syndrome provides a unique "knock-out model" for investigating how the X chromosome influences the human brain in vivo. Numerous cutting-edge neuroimaging techniques and analyses have been applied to investigate various brain phenotypes in women with TS, which have yielded valuable evidence toward elucidating the causal relationship between the X chromosome and human brain structure and function...
June 4, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583705/associations-of-newborn-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-with-long-term-neurodevelopmental-impairments-in-very-preterm-children
#3
Peter J Anderson, Karli Treyvaud, Jeffrey J Neil, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Rodney W Hunt, Deanne K Thompson, Katherine J Lee, Lex W Doyle, Terrie E Inder
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between brain abnormalities on newborn magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurodevelopmental impairment at 7 years of age in very preterm children. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 223 very preterm infants (<30 weeks of gestation or <1250 g) born at Melbourne's Royal Women's Hospital had a brain MRI scan at term equivalent age. Scans were scored using a standardized system that assessed structural abnormality of cerebral white matter, cortical gray matter, deep gray matter, and cerebellum...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581401/prospective-study-of-hippocampal-sparing-prophylactic-cranial-irradiation-in-limited-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Kristin J Redmond, Russell K Hales, Heather Anderson-Keightly, Xian C Zhou, Megan Kummerlowe, Haris I Sair, Mario Duhon, Lawrence Kleinberg, Gary L Rosner, Tracy Vannorsdall
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate cognitive function and intracranial failure patterns after hippocampal-sparing prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Adults with limited-stage SCLC, achieving a complete response to chemoradiotherapy and no brain metastases, were eligible. Patients received PCI 25 Gy/10 fractions, with a mean hippocampal dose limited to <8 Gy and ≥90% of the brain receiving 90% of the prescription...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558549/what-about-the-different-shortened-versions-of-the-mindful-attention-awareness-scale
#5
Francesca Chiesi, Maria Anna Donati, Angelo Panno, Mauro Giacomantonio, Caterina Primi
Given the mixed conclusions on the psychometric properties of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) and the variety of subsets of items identified as abbreviated forms, the current study aimed to (a) further investigate the performance of single items and different combinations of items of the MAAS from within an Item Response Theory framework, (b) to expand upon existing knowledge about the coverage of the construct of the scale and its shortened versions. A sample of 914 participants (67.6% women; mean age 23...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555888/computerized-detection-of-leukocytes-in-microscopic-leukorrhea-images
#6
Jing Zhang, Ya Zhong, Xiangzhou Wang, Guangming Ni, Xiaohui Du, Juanxiu Liu, Liu Lin, Yong Liu
PURPOSE: Detection of leukocytes is critical for the routine leukorrhea exam, which is widely used in gynecological examinations. An elevated vaginal leukocyte count in women with bacterial vaginosis is a strong predictor of vaginal or cervical infections. In the routine leukorrhea exam, the counting of leukocytes is primarily performed by manual techniques. However, the viewing and counting of leukocytes from multiple high-power viewing fields on a glass slide under a microscope leads to subjectivity, low efficiency, and low accuracy...
May 29, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552611/care-of-long-term-survivors-of-head-and-neck-cancer-after-treatment-with-oral-or-facial-prostheses-or-both
#7
E Worrell, L Worrell, B Bisase
The current evidence of good practice in the delivery of long-term supportive care to patients who have been treated for head and neck cancer is sparse. We recruited 10 survivors so that we could follow their experience after their acute treatment was over. There were six men (mean (range) age 72 (54-86) years) and four women (mean (range) age 69 (67-73) years). After ethics committee approval had been given, we used structured interviews and questionnaires to investigate the impact of the resection and reconstruction, the patients' perceived needs, and their use of supportive care services...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532740/reduced-intellectual-ability-in-offspring-of-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-a-cohort-study
#8
Gu-Feng Xu, Cheng-Liang Zhou, Yi-Meng Xiong, Jing-Yi Li, Tian-Tian Yu, Shen Tian, Xian-Hua Lin, Yun Liao, Yuan Lv, Fang-Hong Zhang, Zhi-Wei Liu, Yin-Yin Shi, Yan Shen, Jin Sha, Dan Zhang, Yi-Min Zhu, Jian-Zhong Sheng, He-Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), a complication of ovarian stimulation, has various adverse effects on both pregnant women and their offspring. However, whether OHSS will affect intellectual ability in offspring is still unknown. METHODS: We recruited 86 Chinese children born to OHSS women and 172 children conceived with non-OHSS In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in this cohort study. Their intellectual ability was assessed according to the Revised Chinese Version of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (C-WISC)...
May 18, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521625/power-and-provocativeness-the-effects-of-subtle-changes-in-clothing-on-perceptions-of-working-women
#9
Regan A R Gurung, Elizabeth Punke, Michaella Brickner, Vincenzio Badalamenti
The current study investigates the effects of subtle changes in professional women's dress on women's perceptions of power and competence. We replicate and extend Howlett, Pine, Cahill, Orakcioglu, and Fletcher's (2015) research showing women in provocative clothing are rated as less competent. We used a larger sample, tested a second independent variable, and fine-tuned the design for higher face validity. Participants (N = 198, 170 women and 29 men) from a Midwestern university in the USA rated four photographs of professionally dressed women whose blouses varied in the number of buttons left undone and whether they wore a camisole...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505273/factor-analysis-of-an-expanded-halstead-reitan-battery-and-the-structure-of-neurocognition
#10
Virginie M Patt, Gregory G Brown, Michael L Thomas, Scott C Roesch, Michael J Taylor, Robert K Heaton
Objective: The structure of neurocognition is explored by examining the neurocognitive domains underlying comprehensive neuropsychological assessment of cognitively healthy individuals. Method: Exploratory factor analysis was conducted on the adult normative dataset of an expanded Halstead-Reitan Battery (eHRB), comprising Caucasian and African American participants. The factor structure contributions of the original HRB, eHRB expansion, and Wechsler intelligence scales were compared...
May 13, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484614/creating-beauty-creativity-compensates-for-low-physical-attractiveness-when-individuals-assess-the-attractiveness-of-social-and-romantic-partners
#11
Christopher D Watkins
Although creativity is attractive in a potential mate, it is unclear (i) whether the effects of creativity on attractiveness generalize to other social contexts and (ii) whether creativity has equivalent effects on men's and women's attractiveness. As social knowledge of creativity may either enhance or 'offset' the appeal of social partners who differ in physical attractiveness, three repeated measures experiments were conducted to directly address these issues. Here, participants rated a series of face-text pairs for attractiveness on trials that differed in one of four combinations of facial attractiveness (attractive and less attractive) and creativity (creative and less creative), rating story-tellers in two experiments (short interpretations of an identical painting) and creative ideas in a further experiment (alternative uses for an everyday object)...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462774/emotional-intelligence-in-older-adults-psychometric-properties-of-the-tmms-24-and-relationship-with-psychological-well-being-and-life-satisfaction
#12
I Delhom, M Gutierrez, B Lucas-Molina, J C Meléndez
BACKGROUND: Aging is a process during which important changes occur in different areas of development and emotional intelligence plays an essential role. The objective of this study was twofold: first, to validate the TMMS-24 in an older population; and second, to examine the mediating role of life satisfaction in the relationship between emotional intelligence and psychological well-being. METHODS: The sample consisted of 215 older adults (60.15% women) with a mean age of 69...
May 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459953/early-clinical-predictors-of-5-year-outcome-after-concussive-blast-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Christine L Mac Donald, Jason Barber, Mary Jordan, Ann M Johnson, Sureyya Dikmen, Jesse R Fann, Nancy Temkin
Importance: The long-term clinical effects of wartime traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), most of which are mild, remain incompletely described. Current medical disability cost estimates from world conflicts continually surpass projections. Additional information regarding long-term functional trajectory is needed to reduce this extensive public health burden. Objectives: To examine 5-year clinical outcomes leveraging existing clinical data collected at 1 year after injury in the same patients and to identify early risk factors for long-term disability...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429909/association-between-maternal-vitamin-d-status-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-cognitive-function-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#14
Sargoor R Veena, Ghattu V Krishnaveni, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Kotrangada P Thajna, Bhavya G Hegde, Catharine R Gale, Caroline Hd Fall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Animal studies have demonstrated poor cognitive outcomes in offspring in relation to maternal vitamin D deficiency before and/or during pregnancy. Human studies linking maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy with offspring cognitive function are limited. We aimed to test the hypothesis that lower maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy is associated with poor offspring cognitive ability in an Indian population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Cognitive function was assessed in children from the Mysore Parthenon birth cohort during childhood (age 9-10 years; n=468) and adolescence (age 13-14 years; n=472) using 3 core tests from the Kaufman Assessment Battery for children and additional tests measuring learning, long-term retrieval/ storage, short-term memory, reasoning, verbal fluency, visuo-spatial ability, and attention and concentration...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417243/criterion-related-validity-of-self-reported-stair-climbing-in-older-adults
#15
Sara Higueras-Fresnillo, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Pablo Gasque, Oscar L Veiga, David Martinez-Gomez
INTRODUCTION: Stair climbing is an activity of daily living that might contribute to increase levels of physical activity (PA). To date, there is no study examining the validity of climbing stairs assessed by self-report. The aim of this study was, therefore, to examine the validity of estimated stair climbing from one question included in a common questionnaire compared to a pattern-recognition activity monitor in older adults. METHODS: A total of 138 older adults (94 women), aged 65-86 years (70...
April 17, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401792/assessment-of-long-term-mate-preferences-in-iran
#16
Mohammad Atari
Previous research suggests that assessment of mate preferences has received relatively little psychometric attention from researchers, particularly in non-Western cultures. The current research was designed to (1) extend previous findings on long-term mate preferences by using a qualitative strategy, (2) develop a psychometrically sound scale for assessment of long-term mate preferences in men, and (3) develop a sex-neutral scale for assessment of long-term mate preferences. Six dimensions of mate preferences emerged for men: F = family/domesticity, A = attractiveness/sexuality, K = kindness/dependability, E = education/intelligence, R = religiosity/chastity, and S = status/resources...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401317/sexual-orientation-related-differences-in-virtual-spatial-navigation-and-spatial-search-strategies
#17
Qazi Rahman, Jonathan Sharp, Meadhbh McVeigh, Man-Ling Ho
Spatial abilities are generally hypothesized to differ between men and women, and people with different sexual orientations. According to the cross-sex shift hypothesis, gay men are hypothesized to perform in the direction of heterosexual women and lesbian women in the direction of heterosexual men on cognitive tests. This study investigated sexual orientation differences in spatial navigation and strategy during a virtual Morris water maze task (VMWM). Forty-four heterosexual men, 43 heterosexual women, 39 gay men, and 34 lesbian/bisexual women (aged 18-54 years) navigated a desktop VMWM and completed measures of intelligence, handedness, and childhood gender nonconformity (CGN)...
April 11, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394231/long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-children-born-to-prospectively-followed-pregnancies-of-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-or-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#18
C Nalli, A Iodice, L Andreoli, J Galli, A Lojacono, M Motta, E Fazzi, A Tincani
Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) are autoimmune diseases that affect women of childbearing age. Maternal IgG antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) can cross the placenta during pregnancy and theoretically reach the fetal brain. Some studies showed an increased number of learning disabilities in these children. Objectives To evaluate the long-term neurodevelopmental outcome of 40 children (median age 7.4 years) born to mothers with SLE and/or APS carrying positive IgG aPL during the third trimester of pregnancy...
April 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386037/using-artificial-intelligence-to-reduce-the-risk-of-nonadherence-in-patients-on-anticoagulation-therapy
#19
Daniel L Labovitz, Laura Shafner, Morayma Reyes Gil, Deepti Virmani, Adam Hanina
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study evaluated the use of an artificial intelligence platform on mobile devices in measuring and increasing medication adherence in stroke patients on anticoagulation therapy. The introduction of direct oral anticoagulants, while reducing the need for monitoring, have also placed pressure on patients to self-manage. Suboptimal adherence goes undetected as routine laboratory tests are not reliable indicators of adherence, placing patients at increased risk of stroke and bleeding...
May 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384614/how-much-information-about-embryo-implantation-potential-is-included-in-morphokinetic-data-a-prediction-model-based-on-artificial-neural-networks-and-principal-component-analysis
#20
Robert Milewski, Agnieszka Kuczyńska, Bożena Stankiewicz, Waldemar Kuczyński
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to answer the question of how much information about embryo implantation potential can be obtained from morphokinetic parameters through the creation a predictive model based on morphokinetic information and using advanced data-mining and artificial intelligence methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Time-lapse recordings of 610 embryos were included in the analysis. For each embryo, absolute (t2, t3, t4, t5) and relative (cc2 and s2) morphokinetic parameters were collected...
March 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
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