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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911493/normative-data-for-the-digit-symbol-substitution-test-in-a-population-based-sample-aged-65-79-years-results-from-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-adults-degs1
#1
Beate Gaertner, Michael Wagner, Tobias Luck, Amanda K Buttery, Judith Fuchs, Markus A Busch
OBJECTIVE: To provide normative data for the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST) of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, 3rd edition (WAIS-III) in a population-based sample of community-dwelling older adults in Germany according to age, sex, and level of education. METHOD: The sample comprised 1385 participants aged 65-79 years from the nationwide representative 'German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults' (DEGS1, 2008-2011). Participants with known cognitive impairment or dementia, other medical conditions affecting cognition, or currently using psychotropic drugs were excluded...
June 17, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900235/data-concerning-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-profile-of-emotional-competence-questionnaire-administered-to-a-sample-of-athletes-and-non-athletes
#2
Hajer Aouani, Maamer Slimani, Sabeur Hamrouni, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Mohamed Elloumi
Emotional Intelligence (EI) can be defined as an "ability to monitor one's own and others' feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one's thinking and actions" (Salovey and Mayer, 1990) [1]. As such EI plays a major role in sport sciences. Studies conducted so far have shown contrasting findings. The paper contains data concerning the psychometric properties of the "Profile of Emotional Competence" questionnaire administered to a sample of 479 subjects (239 athletes, 240 non-athletes, age ranging from 12 to 18 years old, 239 men, and 240 women) in order: i) to explore EI between athletes and non-athletes students and ii) to examine differences in EI of young participants in terms of gender and age...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879434/the-mediating-role-of-emotional-intelligence-on-the-autonomic-functioning-psychopathy-relationship
#3
Shichun Ling, Adrian Raine, Yu Gao, Robert Schug
Reduced autonomic activity is a risk factor for psychopathy, but the mechanisms underlying this association are under-researched. We hypothesize that emotional intelligence mediates this relationship. Emotional intelligence, cognitive intelligence, scores on the Psychopathy Checklist- Revised (PCL-R), skin conductance, and heart rate were assessed in 156 men from communities in Los Angeles. Emotional intelligence fully mediated the relationship between autonomic functioning and total psychopathy after controlling for cognitive intelligence for both autonomic measures...
June 4, 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879285/association-of-dorsal-reduction-and-tip-rotation-with-social-perception
#4
Cherian K Kandathil, Mikhail Saltychev, Sami P Moubayed, Sam P Most
Importance: Social perception by laypersons of people who have undergone rhinoplasty primarily for cosmetic purposes has not been fully described. Objective: To evaluate the social perception of patients who have undergone cosmetic rhinoplasty. Design, Setting, and Participants: Preoperative images of 4 patients with dorsal hump and tip ptosis were selected using the Delphi method. Computer simulations of dorsal hump reduction and tip rotation, alone or in combination, were performed...
June 7, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847467/retrospective-analysis-of-hearing-impaired-adult-patients-treated-with-an-active-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-implant
#5
Tobias Rader, Timo Stöver, Thomas Lenarz, Hannes Maier, Thomas Zahnert, Thomas Beleites, Rudolf Hagen, Robert Mlynski, Wolf Dieter Baumgartner
OBJECTIVE: To determine the therapeutic success and safety of an active transcutaneous bone conduction implant (tBCI) in adult patients with conductive or mixed hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Five university hospitals in Frankfurt, Hannover, Dresden, Würzburg, and Vienna. PATIENTS: Data were analyzed from 61 patients (31 women, 30 men) with a mean age of 50 years (min. 26, max. 80). Forty patients had mixed, and 21 conductive hearing loss...
May 24, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781663/assessing-the-implicit-theory-of-willpower-for-strenuous-mental-activities-scale-multigroup-across-gender-and-cross-cultural-measurement-invariance-and-convergent-and-divergent-validity
#6
Christopher M Napolitano, Veronika Job
Why do some people struggle with self-control (colloquially called willpower) whereas others are able to sustain it during challenging circumstances? Recent research showed that a person's implicit theories of willpower-whether they think self-control capacity is a limited or nonlimited resource-predict sustained self-control on laboratory tasks and on goal-related outcomes in everyday life. The present research tests the Implicit Theory of Willpower for Strenuous Mental Activities Scale (or ITW-M) Scale for measurement invariance across samples and gender within each culture, and two cultural contexts (the U...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770669/-design-and-implementation-of-field-questionnaire-survey-system-of-taeniasis-cysticercosis
#7
Li Huan-Zhang, Xue Jing-Bo, Qian Men-Bao, Zang Xin-Zhong, Xia Shang, Wang Qiang, Chen Ying-Dan, Li Shi-Zhu
A taeniasis/cysticercosis information management system was designed to achieve the dynamic monitoring of the epidemic situation of taeniasis/cysticercosis and improve the intelligence level of disease information management. The system includes three layer structures (application layer, technical core layer, and data storage layer) and designs a datum transmission and remote communication system of traffic information tube in Browser/Server architecture. The system is believed to promote disease datum collection...
April 17, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728078/emotional-intelligence-among-medical-students-a-mixed-methods-study-from-chennai-india
#8
Subashini Sundararajan, Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
BACKGROUND: Emotional Intelligence is the ability of a person to understand and respond to one's own and others' emotions and use this understanding to guide one's thoughts and actions. To assess the level of emotional intelligence of medical students in a medical college in Chennai and to explore their understanding of the role of emotions in medical practice. METHODS: A quantitative, cross sectional, questionnaire based, survey was conducted among 207 medical students in a college in Chennai, India using the Quick Emotional Intelligence Self Assessment Test and some hypothetical emotional clinical vignettes...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710116/baseline-cognition-assessment-among-patients-with-oropharyngeal-cancer-using-promis-and-nih-toolbox
#9
Parul Sinha, Alex W K Wong, Dorina Kallogjeri, Jay F Piccirillo
Importance: Cognitive dysfunction (CD) is recognized by the American Cancer Society as a treatment effect in head and neck cancer, but the extent of this problem at baseline in oropharyngeal cancer (OPC), the most common subsite in current practice, to our knowledge has never been studied. Objective: To assess the baseline cognition of patients with OPC using National Institutes of Health (NIH)-sponsored instruments of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery (NIHTB-CB)...
April 18, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699472/increases-in-emotional-intelligence-after-an-online-training-program-are-associated-with-better-decision-making-on-the-iowa-gambling-task
#10
Anna Alkozei, Ryan Smith, Lauren A Demers, Mareen Weber, Sarah M Berryhill, William D S Killgore
Higher levels of emotional intelligence have been associated with better inter and intrapersonal functioning. In the present study, 59 healthy men and women were randomized into either a three-week online training program targeted to improve emotional intelligence ( n = 29), or a placebo control training program targeted to improve awareness of nonemotional aspects of the environment ( n = 30). Compared to placebo, participants in the emotional intelligence training group showed increased performance on the total emotional intelligence score of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, a performance measure of emotional intelligence, as well as subscales of perceiving emotions and facilitating thought...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674180/why-do-very-unattractive-workers-earn-so-much
#11
Satoshi Kanazawa, Shihao Hu, Adrien Larere
Kanazawa and Still (2018) showed that very unattractive workers earned more than unattractive workers, sometimes more than average-looking or attractive workers, because they had higher levels of intelligence and education, but they did not explain why very unattractive workers had higher intelligence and education. There are both theoretical and empirical reasons to expect that some intelligent men may prefer to marry very unattractive women. The analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) shows that very unattractive women were significantly more likely to be married at Age 29 than unattractive or average-looking women, and their spouses or partners earned significantly more than those of unattractive or average-looking women...
May 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625186/bimodal-fuzzy-analytic-hierarchy-process-bfahp-for-coronary-heart-disease-risk-assessment
#12
Farnaz Sabahi
Rooted deeply in medical multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM), risk assessment is very important especially when applied to the risk of being affected by deadly diseases such as coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD risk assessment is a stochastic, uncertain, and highly dynamic process influenced by various known and unknown variables. In recent years, there has been a great interest in fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP), a popular methodology for dealing with uncertainty in MCDM. This paper proposes a new FAHP, bimodal fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (BFAHP) that augments two aspects of knowledge, probability and validity, to fuzzy numbers to better deal with uncertainty...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622048/systemic-inflammation-and-intelligence-in-early-adulthood-and-subsequent-risk-of-schizophrenia-and-other-non-affective-psychoses-a-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-study
#13
Nils Kappelmann, Golam M Khandaker, Henrik Dal, Jan Stochl, Kyriaki Kosidou, Peter B Jones, Christina Dalman, Håkan Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is associated with impaired neurodevelopment as indexed by lower premorbid IQ. We examined associations between erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), a marker of low-grade systemic inflammation, IQ, and subsequent schizophrenia and other non-affective psychoses (ONAP) to elucidate the role of neurodevelopment and inflammation in the pathogenesis of psychosis. METHODS: Population-based data on ESR and IQ from 638 213 Swedish men assessed during military conscription between 1969 and 1983 were linked to National Hospital Discharge Register for hospitalisation with schizophrenia and ONAP...
April 6, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548875/predicting-treatment-response-to-intra-arterial-therapies-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-the-use-of-supervised-machine-learning-an-artificial-intelligence-concept
#14
Aaron Abajian, Nikitha Murali, Lynn Jeanette Savic, Fabian Max Laage-Gaupp, Nariman Nezami, James S Duncan, Todd Schlachter, MingDe Lin, Jean-François Geschwind, Julius Chapiro
PURPOSE: To use magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and clinical patient data to create an artificial intelligence (AI) framework for the prediction of therapeutic outcomes of transarterial chemoembolization by applying machine learning (ML) techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 36 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with transarterial chemoembolization. The cohort (age 62 ± 8.9 years; 31 men; 13 white; 24 Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0, 10 status 1, 2 status 2; 31 Child-Pugh stage A, 4 stage B, 1 stage C; 1 Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage 0, 12 stage A, 10 stage B, 13 stage C; tumor size 5...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544671/progressive-functional-improvement-in-hemiglossectomy-defects-reconstructed-with-radial-forearm-free-flap-at-6-months
#15
Khoi Anh Nguyen, Truong Xuan Bui, Hue Van Nguyen, Richard O Wein
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of the study was to evaluate for the functional improvement of outcomes of patients undergoing surgical management for tongue cancer at varying periods after surgery. DESIGN: Case series with intervention. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty consecutive patients, from 2011 to 2015, with carcinoma of the tongue undergoing surgical resection and reconstruction with a radial forearm free flap. MAIN MEASURES: The Speech Intelligibility Test (SIT) is used for objective evaluation of speech function...
May 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505457/the-relationship-between-emotional-intelligence-and-internet-addiction-among-youth-and-adults
#16
Jorge Saraiva, Graça Esgalhado, Henrique Pereira, Samuel Monteiro, Rosa Marina Afonso, Manuel Loureiro
This study aimed to compare emotional intelligence (EI) levels and Internet addiction (IA) by gender and age groups and to assess the predictive relationship between EI and IA. One thousand four hundred thirteen young people and adults participated in the study. Participants were between 17 and 81 years old (M = 38.70 years old, SD = 13.72 years old); 42.2% were male, whereas 57.5% were female. We used a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale (Schutte, Malouff, & Bhullar, 2009), and the Internet Addiction Test (Young, 1998) as data collection instruments...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494601/mining-telemonitored-physiological-data-and-patient-reported-outcomes-of-congestive-heart-failure-patients
#17
Miha Mlakar, Paolo Emilio Puddu, Maja Somrak, Silvio Bonfiglio, Mitja Luštrek
This paper addresses patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and telemonitoring in congestive heart failure (CHF), both increasingly important topics. The interest in CHF trials is shifting from hard end-points such as hospitalization and mortality, to softer end-points such health-related quality of life. However, the relation of these softer end-points to objective parameters is not well studied. Telemonitoring is suitable for collecting both patient-reported outcomes and objective parameters. Most telemonitoring studies, however, do not take full advantage of the available sensor technology and intelligent data analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489050/urinary-bowel-and-sexual-health-in-older-men-from-northern-ireland
#18
David W Donnelly, Conan Donnelly, Therese Kearney, David Weller, Linda Sharp, Amy Downing, Sarah Wilding, Penny Wright, Paul Kind, James W F Catto, William R Cross, Malcolm D Mason, Eilis McCaughan, Richard Wagland, Eila Watson, Rebecca Mottram, Majorie Allen, Hugh Butcher, Luke Hounsome, Peter Selby, Dyfed Huws, David H Brewster, Emma McNair, Carol Rivas, Johana Nayoan, Mike Horton, Lauren Matheson, Adam W Glaser, Anna Gavin
OBJECTIVES: To provide data on the prevalence of urinary, bowel and sexual dysfunction in Northern Ireland (NI), to act as a baseline for studies of prostate cancer outcomes and to aid service provision within the general population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional postal survey of 10 000 men aged ≥40 years in NI was conducted and age-matched to the distribution of men living with prostate cancer. The EuroQoL five Dimensions five Levels (EQ-5D-5L) and 26-item Expanded Prostate Cancer Composite (EPIC-26) instruments were used to enable comparisons with prostate cancer outcome studies...
February 28, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463182/registered-replication-report-dijksterhuis-and-van-knippenberg-1998
#19
Michael O'Donnell, Leif D Nelson, Evi Ackermann, Balazs Aczel, Athfah Akhtar, Silvio Aldrovandi, Nasseem Alshaif, Ronald Andringa, Mark Aveyard, Peter Babincak, Nursena Balatekin, Scott A Baldwin, Gabriel Banik, Ernest Baskin, Raoul Bell, Olga Białobrzeska, Angie R Birt, Walter R Boot, Scott R Braithwaite, Jessie C Briggs, Axel Buchner, Desiree Budd, Kathryn Budzik, Lottie Bullens, Richard L Bulley, Peter R Cannon, Katarzyna Cantarero, Joseph Cesario, Stephanie Chambers, Christopher R Chartier, Peggy Chekroun, Clara Chong, Axel Cleeremans, Sean P Coary, Jacob Coulthard, Florien M Cramwinckel, Thomas F Denson, Marcos Díaz-Lago, Theresa E DiDonato, Aaron Drummond, Julia Eberlen, Titus Ebersbach, John E Edlund, Katherine M Finnigan, Justin Fisher, Natalia Frankowska, Efraín García-Sánchez, Frank D Golom, Andrew J Graves, Kevin Greenberg, Mando Hanioti, Heather A Hansen, Jenna A Harder, Erin R Harrell, Andree Hartanto, Michael Inzlicht, David J Johnson, Andrew Karpinski, Victor N Keller, Olivier Klein, Lina Koppel, Emiel Krahmer, Anthony Lantian, Michael J Larson, Jean-Baptiste Légal, Richard E Lucas, Dermot Lynott, Corey M Magaldino, Karlijn Massar, Matthew T McBee, Neil McLatchie, Nadhilla Melia, Michael C Mensink, Laura Mieth, Samantha Moore-Berg, Geraldine Neeser, Ben R Newell, Marret K Noordewier, Asil Ali Özdoğru, Myrto Pantazi, Michał Parzuchowski, Kim Peters, Michael C Philipp, Monique M H Pollmann, Panagiotis Rentzelas, Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón, Jan Philipp Röer, Ivan Ropovik, Nelson A Roque, Carolina Rueda, Bastiaan T Rutjens, Katey Sackett, Janos Salamon, Ángel Sánchez-Rodríguez, Blair Saunders, Juliette Schaafsma, Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck, David R Shanks, Martin F Sherman, Kenneth M Steele, Niklas K Steffens, Jessie Sun, Kyle J Susa, Barnabas Szaszi, Aba Szollosi, Ricardo M Tamayo, Gustav Tinghög, Yuk-Yue Tong, Carol Tweten, Miguel A Vadillo, Deisy Valcarcel, Nicolas Van der Linden, Michiel van Elk, Frenk van Harreveld, Daniel Västfjäll, Simine Vazire, Philippe Verduyn, Matt N Williams, Guillermo B Willis, Sarah E Wood, Chunliang Yang, Oulmann Zerhouni, Robert Zheng, Mark Zrubka
Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with a category associated with intelligence ("professor") subsequently performed 13% better on a trivia test than participants primed with a category associated with a lack of intelligence ("soccer hooligans"). In two unpublished replications of this study designed to verify the appropriate testing procedures, Dijksterhuis, van Knippenberg, and Holland observed a smaller difference between conditions (2%-3%) as well as a gender difference: Men showed the effect (9...
March 2018: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388472/empathic-accuracy-age-differences-from-adolescence-into-middle-adulthood
#20
Ute Kunzmann, Cornelia Wieck, Cathrin Dietzel
This study investigated age differences in empathic accuracy, the ability to correctly perceive others' emotions, in a sample of 151 boys and men from three age groups: adolescents (Mage  = 16 years, SD = 1.04), young adults (Mage  = 29 years, SD = 2.78), and middle-aged adults (Mage  = 50 years, SD = 3.07). All participants viewed nine newly developed film clips, each depicting a boy or a man reliving one of three emotions (anger, sadness, or happiness), while talking about an autobiographical memory...
February 1, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
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