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Intelligence men

Peng Zhang, Hui Liu, Xiaocheng Li, Suzhen Ma, Shuai Men, Heng Wei, Jingjing Cui, Hongning Wang
The harm of Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) to public health mainly by the consumption of contaminated agricultural products or water stresses an urgent need for rapid detection methods to help control the spread of S. typhimurium. In this work, an intelligently designed sensor system took creative advantage of triple trigger sequences-regenerated strand displacement amplification and self-protective hairpin template-generated-scaffolded silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) for the first time. In the presence of live S...
September 12, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Karine Zortea, Viviane C Franco, Paula Guimarães, Paulo S Belmonte-de-Abreu
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SZ) is associated with psychotic experiences and cognitive deficits. Therefore, cognitive function is one of the most critical determinants of quality of life in this pathology. Resveratrol has been related to neuroprotective action, but there are no studies evaluating resveratrol in SZ. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of resveratrol supplementation on cognition in individuals with SZ. METHODS: This is a 1-month randomized, double-blind, and controlled trial (NCT 02062190), in which 19 men with diagnosis of SZ, aged 18-65 years, were assigned to a resveratrol supplementation group (200 mg) or placebo group (200 mg), with a 1-month follow-up...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Natalio Extremera, Lourdes Rey
A growing body of research has demonstrated that deficits in well-being may be related to increased suicide risk, but there is only a limited number of studies that have focused on specific protective factors that can serve as a buffer against suicidal ideation and behaviours. Given that unemployment may be a factor leading to increased risk for suicide, this study assessed whether perceived EI might be a potential moderator in the relationship between life satisfaction/happiness and suicidal behaviours in a relatively large sample of unemployed individuals...
2016: PloS One
Huey-Ling Chiang, Yu-Jen Chen, Hsiang-Yuan Lin, Wen-Yih Isaac Tseng, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are not only often comorbid but also overlapped in behavioral and cognitive abnormalities. Little is known about whether these shared phenotypes are based on common or different underlying neuropathologies. Therefore, this study aims to examine the disorder-specific alterations in white matter (WM) structural property. METHOD: The three comparison groups included 23 male adults with ASD (21...
September 15, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
Iván Rodríguez-Núñez, Carlos Manterola
INTRODUCTION: Perceived exertion scales quantify the sensation caused by metabolic changes during exercise. Children need tailored tools due to their cognitive immaturity such as the EPInfant scale recently developed in Chile.  OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity and reliability of the EPInfant scale in children during a graded exercise test.  MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study for which we selected healthy children younger than 18 years and grouped them according to Piaget's stages of cognitive maturity: Concrete operations (8-12 years) and formal intelligence (13-15 years)...
2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Nicola S Schutte, Suresh K A Palanisamy, James R McFarlane
OBJECTIVE: Longer telomeres are associated with better health and longevity. This research investigated the relationship between positive psychological dispositional traits and telomere length. Positive traits examined were typical high positive affect, typical low negative affect, life satisfaction, trait mindfulness, trait emotional intelligence, general self-efficacy and optimism. DESIGN AND MEASURES: One hundred and twenty women and men, with a mean age of 40...
December 2016: Psychology & Health
Lei Men, Yunli Zhao, Hongxin Lin, Xing Tang, Zhiguo Yu
1 TM-2 is a promising novel semi-synthetic taxane derivative with greater antitumor activity especially against resistant tumors and lower toxicity compared with docetaxel. Information on distribution and excretion of the pharmaceutical in animals, as well as biochemical information relevant to potential drug interactions should normally be evaluated prior to human clinical trials. 2 The present study investigated the tissue distribution and excretion of TM-2 in animals following intravenous administration for further advancement of the molecule...
September 5, 2016: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Terese Sara Høj Jørgensen, Merete Osler, Lars Henrik Ängquist, Esther Zimmermann, Gunhild Tidemann Christensen, Thorkild I A Sørensen
OBJECTIVE: The U-shaped association between body mass index (BMI) and mortality may depend on other traits with permanent health effects. Whether the association between BMI and mortality depends on levels of health-related traits known to be inversely associated with mortality throughout adult life such as height, intelligence, and education was investigated. METHODS: The study was based on a cohort of young men with data on weight, height, intelligence test score, and education from the Danish Conscription Database...
October 2016: Obesity
Rosario Cabello, Miguel A Sorrel, Irene Fernández-Pinto, Natalio Extremera, Pablo Fernández-Berrocal
The goal of the current investigation was to analyze ability emotional intelligence (EI) in a large cross-sectional sample of Spanish adults (N = 12,198; males, 56.56%) aged from 17 to 76 years (M = 37.71, SD = 12.66). Using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), which measures ability EI according to the 4 branches of the Mayer and Salovey EI model. The authors examined effects of gender on ability EI, as well as the linear and quadratic effects of age. Results suggest that gender affects the total ability EI score as well as scores on the 4 EI branches...
September 2016: Developmental Psychology
Marianna Cortese, Trond Riise, Kjetil Bjørnevik, Alok Bhan, Elisabeth Farbu, Nina Grytten, Ineke Hogenesch, Rune Midgard, Cecilia Smith Simonsen, Wenche Telstad, Alberto Ascherio, Kjell-Morten Myhr
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate potential signs of preclinical multiple sclerosis (MS) activity and when they are present prior to first symptom using data from a historical cohort. METHODS: We linked the cognitive performance of all Norwegian men born 1950-1995 who underwent conscription examination at age 18 to 19 years to the Norwegian MS registry to identify those later developing MS, and randomly selected controls frequency-matched on year of birth from the Norwegian Conscript Service database...
October 2016: Annals of Neurology
L Lašaitė, J Čeponis, R T Preikša, B Žilaitienė
The aim of the study was to examine the effects of two-year testosterone replacement therapy on cognitive functioning, emotional state and quality of life in young and middle-aged men with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Nineteen males diagnosed with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism participated in the study. Cognitive functions were assessed by Trail Making Test and Digit Span Test of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Emotional state was evaluated by Profile of Mood States. Quality of life was evaluated by WHO Brief Quality of Life Questionnaire...
August 22, 2016: Andrologia
Katarina Kjellberg, Andreas Lundin, Daniel Falkstedt, Peter Allebeck, Tomas Hemmingsson
PURPOSE: The study investigates the association between level of long-term physical workload in middle age and disability pension (DP) before 61 years of age with adjustments made for early life factors, level of education, and psychosocial working conditions. Associations with DP overall, DP due to musculoskeletal disorders and DP due to psychiatric disorders were examined. METHODS: The study is based on cohorts of 21,809 Swedish men and women born in 1948 and 1953, with data on physical workload estimated with a job exposure matrix based on occupational titles in 1985 and 1990 and follow-up data on diagnosis-specific DP in the years 1991-2009...
November 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Olivier Camuzard, Olivier Dassonville, Marc Ettaiche, Emmanuel Chamorey, Gilles Poissonnet, Riadh Berguiga, Axel Leysalle, Karen Benezery, Frédéric Peyrade, Esma Saada, Raphael Hechema, Anne Sudaka, Juliette Haudebourg, François Demard, José Santini, Alexandre Bozec
The aims of this study were to evaluate clinical outcomes and to determine their predictive factors in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) invading the mandibular bone (T4) who underwent primary radical surgery and fibula free-flap reconstruction. Between 2001 and 2013, all patients who underwent primary surgery and mandibular fibula free-flap reconstruction for OCSCC were enrolled in this retrospective study. Predictive factors of oncologic and functional outcomes were assessed in univariate and multivariate analysis...
July 20, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Dwayne K Hamson, Meighen M Roes, Liisa A M Galea
Sex differences in neurological disease exist in incidence, severity, progression, and symptoms and may ultimately influence treatment. Cognitive disturbances are frequent in neuropsychiatric disease with men showing greater cognitive impairment in schizophrenia, but women showing more severe dementia and cognitive decline with Alzheimer's disease. Although there are no overall differences in intelligence between the sexes, men, and women demonstrate slight but consistent differences in a number of cognitive domains...
2016: Comprehensive Physiology
Karina Junqueira de Menezes, Clayton Peixoto, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Sérgio Machado, André Barciela Veras
UNLABELLED: To present a review of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that investigate the relationship between the hormones Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and cognition. METHODS: The cognition items included in this review were global cognitive function, memory, attention, executive function, intelligence, perception and visuospatial ability. A systematic review was proceeded using three databases: PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and PsycINFO...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Reymundo Lozano, Naomi Saito, Dallas Reed, Marwa Eldeeb, Andrea Schneider, David Hessl, Flora Tassone, Laurel Beckett, Randi Hagerman
It is now recognized that FMR1 premutation carriers (PC) are at risk to develop a range of neurological, psychiatric, and immune-mediated disorders during adulthood. There are conflicting findings regarding the incidence of hypertension, hypothyroidism, diabetes, and cancer in these patients that warrant further study. A retrospective controlled study was performed in a convenience sample of 248 controls (130 men, 118 women) and 397 FMR1 PC with and without fragile X-associated tremor ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) (176 men, 221 women); all participants were at least 45 years old (men: mean 62...
October 2016: Cerebellum
Anne-Solène Maria, Léna Bourdier, Jeanne Duclos, Damien Ringuenet, Sylvie Berthoz
OBJECTIVE: The Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS), a 30-item self-assessment questionnaire, has been developed to measure perceived emotional intelligence (EI) level in 3 dimensions: Attention, Clarity and Repair. This study aimed to explore the psychometric properties of the French version of this instrument. METHOD: The instrument factor structure, normality, internal consistency, stability and concurrent validity were assessed in a sample of 824 young adults (456 female)...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
M H Fisher, M D Lense, E M Dykens
BACKGROUND: Williams syndrome (WS) is associated with a distinct cognitive-behavioural phenotype including mild to moderate intellectual disability, visual-spatial deficits, hypersociability, inattention and anxiety. Researchers typically characterise samples of individuals with WS by their intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviour. Because of the low prevalence of the syndrome, researchers often include participants with WS across a broad age range throughout childhood and adulthood and assume participants demonstrate consistent cognitive development across ages...
October 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Goretti Soroa, Aitor Aritzeta, Nekane Balluerka, Arantxa Gorostiaga
Emotional creativity is defined as the ability to feel and express emotions in a new, effective and authentic way. There are currently no Basque-language self-report instruments to provide valid and reliable measures of this construct. Thus, this paper describes the process of adapting and validating the Emotional Creativity Inventory (ECI) for the Basque-speaking population. The sample was comprised of 594 higher education students (388 women and 206 men) aged between 18 and 32 years old (Mage = 20.47; SD = 2...
2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Aleksandra Bala, Marta Szantroch, Alicja Gleinert, Andrzej Rysz, Andrzej Marchel
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the differences in health-related quality of life in groups of men and women suffering with drug-resistant epilepsy and to determine which factors influence quality of life. METHODS: The examined group consisted of 64 subjects with drug-resistant epilepsy - 31 men and 33 women. The mean duration of epilepsy was 17.56±8.92 and 19±9.56years, respectively. The following diagnostic tools were used: QOLIE-31-P, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised (WAIS-R (PL)), and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD)...
July 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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