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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021990/discovery-radiomics-via-evolutionary-deep-radiomic-sequencer-discovery-for-pathologically-proven-lung-cancer-detection
#1
Mohammad Javad Shafiee, Audrey G Chung, Farzad Khalvati, Masoom A Haider, Alexander Wong
While lung cancer is the second most diagnosed form of cancer in men and women, a sufficiently early diagnosis can be pivotal in patient survival rates. Imaging-based, or radiomics-driven, detection methods have been developed to aid diagnosticians, but largely rely on hand-crafted features that may not fully encapsulate the differences between cancerous and healthy tissue. Recently, the concept of discovery radiomics was introduced, where custom abstract features are discovered from readily available imaging data...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988963/defining-novel-and-practical-metrics-to-assess-the-deliverables-of-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-ultrasound-fusion-prostate-biopsy
#2
Benjamin T Ristau, David Y T Chen, Jeffrey Ellis, Aseem Malhotra, Lyudmilla DeMora, Rosaleen B Parsons, Barton Milestone, Marion Brody, Rosalia Viterbo, Richard Greenberg, Marc Smaldone, Robert Uzzo, Jordan Anaokar, Alexander Kutikov
PURPOSE: Multiparametric magnetic resonance (mpMRI)/ultrasound targeted prostate biopsy (TB) is touted as a tool to improve prostate cancer care. Yet, the true clinical utility of TB over transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-B) has not been systematically analyzed. We introduce two metrics to better quantify and report the deliverables of TB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed our prospective database containing patients who underwent simultaneous TB/TRUS-B...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981827/emotional-intelligence-is-associated-with-connectivity-within-and-between-resting-state-networks
#3
William D S Killgore, Ryan Smith, Elizabeth A Olson, Mareen Weber, Scott L Rauch, Lisa D Nickerson
Emotional intelligence (EI) is defined as an individual's capacity to accurately perceive, understand, reason about, and regulate emotions, and to apply that information to facilitate thought and achieve goals. Although EI plays an important role in mental health and success in academic, professional and social realms, the neurocircuitry underlying this capacity remains poorly characterized, and no study to date has yet examined the relationship between EI and intrinsic neural network function. Here, in a sample of 54 healthy individuals (28 women, 26 men), we apply independent components analysis (ICA) with dual regression to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data acquired while subjects were resting in the scanner to investigate brain circuits (intrinsic resting state networks) whose activity is associated with greater self-reported (i...
September 4, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951681/synthetic-detergents-100%C3%A2-years-of-history
#4
REVIEW
Ana Carolina Kogawa, Beatriz Gamberini Cernic, Leandro Giovanni Domingos do Couto, Hérida Regina Nunes Salgado
In the year 2016 the synthetic detergents complete 100 years and in this story they evolved as cleaners. They are already part of the routine of thousands of people worldwide. For a higher power of cleaning of the detergent, today, are added phosphates, the main responsible for environmental problems. After 100 years of synthetic detergents, the effect of the combination of various cleaners on the environment is a gap. Legislation and guidelines about the other components of the formula of cleaners still missing...
September 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936795/the-ugly-truth-about-ourselves-and-our-robot-creations-the-problem-of-bias-and-social-inequity
#5
Ayanna Howard, Jason Borenstein
Recently, there has been an upsurge of attention focused on bias and its impact on specialized artificial intelligence (AI) applications. Allegations of racism and sexism have permeated the conversation as stories surface about search engines delivering job postings for well-paying technical jobs to men and not women, or providing arrest mugshots when keywords such as "black teenagers" are entered. Learning algorithms are evolving; they are often created from parsing through large datasets of online information while having truth labels bestowed on them by crowd-sourced masses...
September 21, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882734/-control-of-blood-pressure-by-using-an-intelligent-telephone-application-with-feedback-and-competitiveness-strategy-htapp-control-project
#6
J Sánchez-Prieto, F Sabatel, G Villarrubia Mendez, J A Divisón, J A Garcia-Donaire, L Rodríguez-Padial
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Arterial hypertension is a highly important cardiovascular risk factor, with low control percentages. New technologies can help to obtain a better control of this disease. The intention is to know if a mobile application can help achieve this goal. METHOD: A mobile phone application is used to give feedback to physicians with the aim of generate competitiveness in achieving objectives. The application could, at any time, determine the rate of controlled patients (<140/90mmHg) by each physician, and compare them with the mean number of the patients controlled by the group...
September 4, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861009/cognitive-processing-speed-working-memory-and-the-intelligibility-of-hearing-aid-processed-speech-in-persons-with-hearing-impairment
#7
Wycliffe Kabaywe Yumba
Previous studies have demonstrated that successful listening with advanced signal processing in digital hearing aids is associated with individual cognitive capacity, particularly working memory capacity (WMC). This study aimed to examine the relationship between cognitive abilities (cognitive processing speed and WMC) and individual listeners' responses to digital signal processing settings in adverse listening conditions. A total of 194 native Swedish speakers (83 women and 111 men), aged 33-80 years (mean = 60...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810074/preliminary-data-on-the-role-of-emotional-intelligence-in-moderating-the-link-between-psychopathy-and-aggression-in-a-nonforensic-sample
#8
Tiziana Lanciano, Antonietta Curci, Francesca Guglielmi, Emanuela Soleti, Ignazio Grattagliano
This short report presents preliminary data on the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in moderating the relationship between psychopathy and aggression in a nonforensic sample. A sample of 109 volunteer men was administered the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (PPI-R), the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire, and the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso emotional intelligence Test in individual sessions. Correlation and moderation analyzes showed that, at low levels of EI (in terms of strategic ability to understand and manage one's own and others' emotions), people scoring high on the total PPI-R and impulsivity dimension seemed to be both reactively and proactively aggressive...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759619/fmri-to-probe-sex-related-differences-in-brain-function-with-multitasking
#9
Melanie Tschernegg, Christa Neuper, Reinhold Schmidt, Guilherme Wood, Martin Kronbichler, Franz Fazekas, Christian Enzinger, Marisa Koini
BACKGROUND: Although established as a general notion in society, there is no solid scientific foundation for the existence of sex-differences in multitasking. Reaction time and accuracy in dual task conditions have an inverse relationship relative to single task, independently from sex. While a more disseminated network, parallel to decreasing accuracy and reaction time has been demonstrated in dual task fMRI studies, little is known so far whether there exist respective sex-related differences in activation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712988/the-spanish-adaptation-of-the-palliative-performance-scale-version-2-among-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-life-psychometric-properties
#10
Eva Barallat, Maria Nabal, Jaume Canal, Javier Trujillano, Montse Gea-Sánchez, Philip J Larkin, Michael G Downing
BACKGROUND: Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) is a reliable tool to assess performance status in cancer patients receiving palliative care (PC). Spanish validated and culturally adapted tools are needed. OBJECTIVES: The objectives are to develop PPS translation and cross-cultural adaptation into Spanish and to assess its psychometric properties. DESIGN: Translation process with cross-cultural adaptation to produce Spanish Palliative Performance Scale (PPS-SPANISH)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698926/diagnosis-of-dementia-by-machine-learning-methods-in-epidemiological-studies-a-pilot-exploratory-study-from-south-india
#11
Sheshadri Iyengar Raghavan Bhagyashree, Kiran Nagaraj, Martin Prince, Caroline H D Fall, Murali Krishna
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the use of artificial intelligence methods for the diagnosis of dementia in epidemiological studies in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings. A culture and education fair battery of cognitive tests was developed and validated for population based studies in low- and middle-income countries including India by the 10/66 Dementia Research Group. AIMS: We explored the machine learning methods based on the 10/66 battery of cognitive tests for the diagnosis of dementia based in a birth cohort study in South India...
July 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691863/how-can-those-engaging-in-chemsex-best-be-supported-an-online-survey-to-gain-intelligence-in-greater-manchester
#12
Andrew Tomkins, Roberto Vivancos, Chris Ward, Merav Kliner
Reports of sexualised drug taking (chemsex) have increased significantly in recent years. There is currently limited intelligence on chemsex outside of London. An anonymous survey was promoted via several sources including voluntary services and a sexual health clinic in order to establish the risks associated with chemsex, and how support services can best be tailored to meet the needs of those in Greater Manchester, UK. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected on demographics, drug use, sexual practices and barriers and facilitators to accessing support...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659274/childhood-intelligence-in-relation-to-major-causes-of-death-in-68-year-follow-up-prospective-population-study
#13
Catherine M Calvin, G David Batty, Geoff Der, Caroline E Brett, Adele Taylor, Alison Pattie, Iva Čukić, Ian J Deary
Objectives To examine the association between intelligence measured in childhood and leading causes of death in men and women over the life course.Design Prospective cohort study based on a whole population of participants born in Scotland in 1936 and linked to mortality data across 68 years of follow-up.Setting Scotland.Participants 33 536 men and 32 229 women who were participants in the Scottish Mental Survey of 1947 (SMS1947) and who could be linked to cause of death data up to December 2015.Main outcome measures Cause specific mortality, including from coronary heart disease, stroke, specific cancer types, respiratory disease, digestive disease, external causes, and dementia...
June 28, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655036/objective-and-subjective-measures-of-simultaneous-vs-sequential-bilateral-cochlear-implants-in-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Véronique J C Kraaijenga, Geerte G J Ramakers, Yvette E Smulders, Alice van Zon, Inge Stegeman, Adriana L Smit, Robert J Stokroos, Nadia Hendrice, Rolien H Free, Bert Maat, Johan H M Frijns, Jeroen J Briaire, E A M Mylanus, Wendy J Huinck, Gijsbert A Van Zanten, Wilko Grolman
Importance: To date, no randomized clinical trial on the comparison between simultaneous and sequential bilateral cochlear implants (BiCIs) has been performed. Objective: To investigate the hearing capabilities and the self-reported benefits of simultaneous BiCIs compared with those of sequential BiCIs. Design, Setting, and Participants: A multicenter randomized clinical trial was conducted between January 12, 2010, and September 2, 2012, at 5 tertiary referral centers among 40 participants eligible for BiCIs...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600610/-associations-between-cognitive-performance-in-a-dementia-screening-test-skt-and-an-intelligence-test-wais-iv-which-deficits-in-cognitive-performance-in-old-age-indicate-a-possible-pathological-deterioration-process
#15
Laura Pauli, Monika Daseking, Franz Petermann, Mark Stemmler
BACKGROUND: Which deficits in cognitive performance indicate the onset of a pathological deterioration process in older persons? AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Based on an established dementia screening test in elderly adults, a differentiation can be made between healthy cognitive performance and the onset of pathological deficits in performance (in the sense of mild cognitive impairment). The aim of the study was to investigate whether cognitive decline assessed with a dementia screening instrument is reflected in an intelligence test for adults...
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581401/prospective-study-of-hippocampal-sparing-prophylactic-cranial-irradiation-in-limited-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Kristin J Redmond, Russell K Hales, Heather Anderson-Keightly, Xian C Zhou, Megan Kummerlowe, Haris I Sair, Mario Duhon, Lawrence Kleinberg, Gary L Rosner, Tracy Vannorsdall
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate cognitive function and intracranial failure patterns after hippocampal-sparing prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Adults with limited-stage SCLC, achieving a complete response to chemoradiotherapy and no brain metastases, were eligible. Patients received PCI 25 Gy/10 fractions, with a mean hippocampal dose limited to <8 Gy and ≥90% of the brain receiving 90% of the prescription...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552611/care-of-long-term-survivors-of-head-and-neck-cancer-after-treatment-with-oral-or-facial-prostheses-or-both
#17
E Worrell, L Worrell, B Bisase
The current evidence of good practice in the delivery of long-term supportive care to patients who have been treated for head and neck cancer is sparse. We recruited 10 survivors so that we could follow their experience after their acute treatment was over. There were six men (mean (range) age 72 (54-86) years) and four women (mean (range) age 69 (67-73) years). After ethics committee approval had been given, we used structured interviews and questionnaires to investigate the impact of the resection and reconstruction, the patients' perceived needs, and their use of supportive care services...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521625/power-and-provocativeness-the-effects-of-subtle-changes-in-clothing-on-perceptions-of-working-women
#18
Regan A R Gurung, Elizabeth Punke, Michaella Brickner, Vincenzio Badalamenti
The current study investigates the effects of subtle changes in professional women's dress on women's perceptions of power and competence. We replicate and extend Howlett, Pine, Cahill, Orakcioglu, and Fletcher's (2015) research showing women in provocative clothing are rated as less competent. We used a larger sample, tested a second independent variable, and fine-tuned the design for higher face validity. Participants (N = 198, 170 women and 29 men) from a Midwestern university in the USA rated four photographs of professionally dressed women whose blouses varied in the number of buttons left undone and whether they wore a camisole...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505273/factor-analysis-of-an-expanded-halstead-reitan-battery-and-the-structure-of-neurocognition
#19
Virginie M Patt, Gregory G Brown, Michael L Thomas, Scott C Roesch, Michael J Taylor, Robert K Heaton
Objective: The structure of neurocognition is explored by examining the neurocognitive domains underlying comprehensive neuropsychological assessment of cognitively healthy individuals. Method: Exploratory factor analysis was conducted on the adult normative dataset of an expanded Halstead-Reitan Battery (eHRB), comprising Caucasian and African American participants. The factor structure contributions of the original HRB, eHRB expansion, and Wechsler intelligence scales were compared...
May 13, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491028/resting-state-functional-connectivity-and-network-analysis-of-cerebellum-with-respect-to-crystallized-iq-and-gender
#20
Vasileios C Pezoulas, Michalis Zervakis, Sifis Michelogiannis, Manousos A Klados
During the last years, it has been established that the prefrontal and posterior parietal brain lobes, which are mostly related to intelligence, have many connections to cerebellum. However, there is a limited research investigating cerebellum's relationship with cognitive processes. In this study, the network of cerebellum was analyzed in order to investigate its overall organization in individuals with low and high crystallized Intelligence Quotient (IQ). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were selected from 136 subjects in resting-state from the Human Connectome Project (HCP) database and were further separated into two IQ groups composed of 69 low-IQ and 67 high-IQ subjects...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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