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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447901/straw-men-deep-learning-and-the-future-of-the-human-microscopist-response-to-artificial-intelligence-and-the-pathologist-future-frenemies
#1
Scott R Granter, Andrew H Beck, David J Papke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421820/characteristics-associated-with-physical-activity-capacity-and-performance-in-children-and-adolescents-with-an-acquired-brain-injury
#2
Emmah Baque, Lee Barber, Leanne Sakzewski, Robert Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
AIM: To examine characteristics associated with physical activity capacity and performance in children with acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: 58 children (32 men; age 11 years 11 months ± 2 years 6 months; Gross motor function classification system [GMFCS] equivalent I = 29, II = 29) >12 months post ABI were recruited. Physical activity capacity measures included: (i) combined score of three 30-second repetition maximum functional strength exercises; (ii) timed up and go; (iii) 6-minute walk test and (iv) high-level mobility assessment tool (HiMAT)...
April 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406102/strong-correlations-between-empathy-emotional-intelligence-and-personality-traits-among-podiatric-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Kurtis Bertram, John Randazzo, Nathaniel Alabi, Jack Levenson, John T Doucette, Peter Barbosa
BACKGROUND: The ability of health-care providers to demonstrate empathy toward their patients results in a number of positive outcomes improving the quality of care. In addition, a provider's level of emotional intelligence (EI) can further the doctor-patient relationship, stimulating a more personalized and comprehensive manner of treating patients. Furthermore, personality traits of a clinician may positively or negatively influence that relationship, as well as clinical outcomes. This study was designed to evaluate empathy levels in podiatric medical students in a 4-year doctoral program...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401792/assessment-of-long-term-mate-preferences-in-iran
#4
Mohammad Atari
Previous research suggests that assessment of mate preferences has received relatively little psychometric attention from researchers, particularly in non-Western cultures. The current research was designed to (1) extend previous findings on long-term mate preferences by using a qualitative strategy, (2) develop a psychometrically sound scale for assessment of long-term mate preferences in men, and (3) develop a sex-neutral scale for assessment of long-term mate preferences. Six dimensions of mate preferences emerged for men: F = family/domesticity, A = attractiveness/sexuality, K = kindness/dependability, E = education/intelligence, R = religiosity/chastity, and S = status/resources...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401317/sexual-orientation-related-differences-in-virtual-spatial-navigation-and-spatial-search-strategies
#5
Qazi Rahman, Jonathan Sharp, Meadhbh McVeigh, Man-Ling Ho
Spatial abilities are generally hypothesized to differ between men and women, and people with different sexual orientations. According to the cross-sex shift hypothesis, gay men are hypothesized to perform in the direction of heterosexual women and lesbian women in the direction of heterosexual men on cognitive tests. This study investigated sexual orientation differences in spatial navigation and strategy during a virtual Morris water maze task (VMWM). Forty-four heterosexual men, 43 heterosexual women, 39 gay men, and 34 lesbian/bisexual women (aged 18-54 years) navigated a desktop VMWM and completed measures of intelligence, handedness, and childhood gender nonconformity (CGN)...
April 11, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398150/conning-the-conmen-intelligence-and-female-desire-in-dedh-ishqiya
#6
Shailendra Kumar Singh
This article investigates the ostensibly paradoxical relationship that exists between the theme of excessive love, as suggested by the title of Abhishek Chaubey's film Dedh Ishqiya (2014), and the actual representation of it in the movie, which is not only restrained and disproportionate, but is also looked at with suspicion and contempt. It examines the logic of this seeming contradiction through the other two related themes that Chaubey's chef-d'œuvre foregrounds, namely that of intelligence and female desire...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365672/moral-reasoning-and-its-correlates-in-job-applicants
#7
Ana Proroković, Matilda Nikolić, Nataša Šimić
The aim of this study was to verify the applicability of the Test of Moral Reasoning (TMR) in the selection of job applicants and to see how it correlated with education, intelligence, and the "big five" personality traits. The study included 210 participants (132 women and 78 men) who applied for various positions in the banking sector. Our findings have confirmed the applicability of TMR for recruitment because they showed that TMR did not allow the candidates to fake their responses. Furthermore, they have confirmed Kohlberg's views that general intelligence and education are the main determinants of moral development (positive correlation), whereas tendency towards socially desirable responding showed a negative correlation...
March 1, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363356/diversity-dynamics-issues-and-strategies-to-create-positive-organizations-the-experience-of-male-robert-wood-johnson-foundation-nurse-faculty-scholars
#8
Abraham A Brody, Jason E Farley, Gordon L Gillespie, Ronald Hickman, Eric A Hodges, Courtney Lyder, Steven J Palazzo, Todd Ruppar, Martin Schiavenato, Daniel J Pesut
BACKGROUND: Managing diversity dynamics in academic or clinical settings for men in nursing has unique challenges resulting from their minority status within the profession. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to share challenges and lessons learned identified by male scholars in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars program and suggest strategies for creating positive organizations promoting inclusive excellence. METHODS: Multiple strategies including informal mentored discussions and peer-to-peer dialogue throughout the program, formal online surveys of scholars and National Advisory Committee members, and review of scholar progress reports were analyzed as part of the comprehensive evaluation plan of the program...
February 14, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275343/the-three-models-of-emotional-intelligence-and-performance-in-a-hot-and-cool-go-no-go-task-in-undergraduate-students
#9
María J Gutiérrez-Cobo, Rosario Cabello, Pablo Fernández-Berrocal
Emotional intelligence (EI), or the ability to perceive, use, understand and regulate emotions, appears to be helpful in the performance of "hot" (i.e., emotionally laden) cognitive tasks when using performance-based ability models, but not when using self-report EI models. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between EI (as measured through a performance-based ability test, a self-report mixed test and a self-report ability test) and cognitive control ability during the performance of hot and "cool" (i...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151744/childhood-cognitive-ability-and-incident-dementia-the-1932-scottish-mental-survey-cohort-into-their-10th-decade
#10
Tom C Russ, Jean Hannah, G David Batty, Christopher C Booth, Ian J Deary, John M Starr
BACKGROUND: The prevention of dementia is a global priority but its etiology is poorly understood. Early life cognitive ability has been linked to subsequent dementia risk but studies to date have been small and none has examined sex differences. METHODS: In the 1932 Scottish Mental Survey cohort, we related intelligence test scores at age 11 years in 16,370 boys and 16,097 girls (born in 1921) to incident dementia ages ≥65 years as ascertained using probabilistic linkage to electronic health records up to the age of 92 years (1,231 cases in men, 2,163 in women; median follow-up 15 years)...
May 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117514/improved-nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-and-adult-human-capital-and-health
#11
Reynaldo Martorell
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review why the first 1000 days of life are a vulnerable period of human development and the long-term effects of a nutrition experiment carried out in Guatemala (1969-1977). METHODS: In 1969-77, a supplement called Atole, containing high quality protein, energy and micronutrients, was provided to women during pregnancy and lactation and to children <7 years of age in two villages while in two control villages a low-energy drink called Fresco was provided...
January 24, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114612/the-impact-of-contrastive-stress-on-vowel-acoustics-and-intelligibility-in-dysarthria
#12
Kathryn P Connaghan, Rupal Patel
Purpose: To compare vowel acoustics and intelligibility in words produced with and without contrastive stress by speakers with spastic (mixed-spastic) dysarthria secondary to cerebral palsy (DYSCP) and healthy controls (HCs). Method: Fifteen participants (9 men, 6 women; age M = 42 years) with DYSCP and 15 HCs (9 men, 6 women; age M = 36 years) produced sentences containing target words with and without contrastive stress. Forty-five healthy listeners (age M = 25 years) completed a vowel identification task of DYSCP productions...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111753/midlife-cognitive-ability-education-and-tooth-loss-in-older-danes
#13
Kristine Harrsen Bachkati, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Poul Holm-Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the possible influence of cognitive ability and education at age 50 or 60 on number of teeth at age 70. SETTING: Community-dwelling population in Copenhagen, Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women born in 1914 (N = 302). MEASUREMENTS: Cognitive ability was assessed using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale at age 50 or 60. A global cognitive ability measure was used as a continuous measure and according to tertile...
January 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110428/exploring-relationship-between-spiritual-intelligence-religiosity-and-life-satisfaction-among-elderly-pakistani-muslims
#14
Khadeeja Munawar, Omama Tariq
This study is an effort to explore the relationship between spiritual intelligence, religiosity and life satisfaction in elderly Pakistani Muslims. A non-probability purposive sampling technique is utilized in order to recruit a sample of 100 elderly people (n = 50 men; n = 50 = women). Standardized questionnaires were used for collecting data. Data analysis was carried out using Pearson product-moment correlation analysis and independent sample t test. Findings revealed a significant correlation between spiritual intelligence, religiosity and life satisfaction among Pakistani elderly Muslim people...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099526/executive-functioning-in-men-with-schizophrenia-and-substance-use-disorders-influence-of-lifetime-suicide-attempts
#15
Ana Adan, Maria Del Mar Capella, Gemma Prat, Diego A Forero, Silvia López-Vera, José Francisco Navarro
BACKGROUND: Lifetime suicide attempts in patients with comorbidity between psychotic disorders and Substance Use Disorder (SUD), known as dual diagnosis, was associated with a worse clinical and cognitive state, poor prognosis and premature death. However, to date no previous study has examined the cognitive performance of these patients considering as independent the presence or absence of lifetime suicide attempts. METHODS: We explore executive functioning differences between suicide attempters and non-attempters in dual schizophrenia (DS) patients and the possible related factors for both executive performance and current suicide risk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088056/the-evolving-relationship-between-premorbid-intelligence-and-serious-depression-across-the-lifespan-a-longitudinal-study-of-43-540-swedish-men
#16
Emil Lager, Bo Melin, Tomas Hemmingsson, Alma Sörberg Wallin
BACKGROUND: An association between higher intelligence and lower probability of serious depression has previously been established. Yet, to our knowledge, no large prospective study has examined the relationship across the lifespan. METHODS: A cohort of 49,321 Swedish men was followed from conscription in 1969-70 (age 18-20) through to 2008. Odds ratios (OR) for first time hospitalisation for depression (FTHD) were calculated in relation to intelligence for distinct time periods across the lifespan, while controlling for established risk factors for depression...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033476/gender-differences-in-cognitive-functioning-in-older-alcohol-dependent-patients
#17
Julia F Van den Berg, Bernadette Dogge, Nicolien Kist, Rob M Kok, Karin Van der Hiele
BACKGROUND: Alcohol dependence is associated with impairments in cognition, especially in later life. Previous studies suggest that excessive drinking has more negative impact on cognition in women than in men. OBJECTIVES: In this study, differences in cognition between male and female older, alcohol-dependent patients were examined. METHOD: Older alcohol-dependent inpatients (N = 164, 62.2% men, mean age 62.6 ± 6.4) underwent neuropsychological tests of sensitivity to interference, mental flexibility, and visual processing...
April 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000353/physical-and-cognitive-fitness-in-young-adulthood-and-risk-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-at-an-early-age
#18
E Longinetti, D Mariosa, H Larsson, C Almqvist, P Lichtenstein, W Ye, F Fang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a clinical impression that patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have a higher level of physical fitness and lower body mass index (BMI) than average. However, there is a lack of literature examining the relationship between cognitive fitness and ALS risk. In this study we explored the associations of both physical and cognitive fitness with future risk of ALS. METHODS: Data on physical fitness, BMI, intelligence quotient (IQ) and stress resilience were collected from 1 838 376 Swedish men aged 17-20 years at conscription during 1968-2010...
January 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988198/primary-total-laryngectomy-and-pharyngolaryngectomy-in-t4-pharyngolaryngeal-cancers-oncologic-and-functional-results-and-prognostic-factors
#19
M Roux, O Dassonville, M Ettaiche, E Chamorey, G Poissonnet, A Bozec
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess oncologic and functional outcome in primary total laryngectomy or pharyngolaryngectomy (TL/TL/TPL) for laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer with extra-laryngeal extension (T4) and to determine the predictive factors of these results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the computerized medical records of all patients undergoing primary TL/TPL for T4 larynx or hypopharynx squamous cell carcinoma between 2000 and 2014 at our institution...
December 14, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984009/personalized-activity-intelligence-pai-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-promotion-of-physical-activity
#20
Bjarne M Nes, Christian R Gutvik, Carl J Lavie, Javaid Nauman, Ulrik Wisløff
PURPOSE: To derive and validate a single metric of activity tracking that associates with lower risk of cardiovascular disease mortality. METHODS: We derived an algorithm, Personalized Activity Intelligence (PAI), using the HUNT Fitness Study (n = 4631), and validated it in the general HUNT population (n = 39,298) aged 20-74 years. The PAI was divided into three sex-specific groups (≤50, 51-99, and ≥100), and the inactive group (0 PAI) was used as the referent...
March 2017: American Journal of Medicine
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