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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227790/interpersonal-and-intrapersonal-emotional-processes-in-individuals-treated-for-alcohol-use-disorder-and-non-addicted-healthy-individuals
#1
Maciej Kopera, Elisa M Trucco, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Hubert Suszek, Aneta Michalska, Aleksandra Majewska, Natalia Szejko, Agata Łoczewska, Aleksandra Krasowska, Anna Klimkiewicz, Kirk J Brower, Robert A Zucker, Marcin Wojnar
INTRODUCTION: Prior work largely confirms the presence of various emotional processing deficits among individuals with an alcohol use disorder (AUD); however, their specificity and relevance still warrant investigation. The aim of the current study was to compare selected aspects of emotional processing (i.e., mental state recognition, alexithymia, and emotional intelligence) between individuals treated for an AUD and healthy individuals. METHODS: The AUD sample consisted of 92 abstinent men with AUD who were participating in an 8-week inpatient abstinence-based treatment program in Warsaw, Poland...
December 5, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214307/single-word-speech-intelligibility-in-children-and-adults-with-down-syndrome
#2
Alyssa Wild, Houri K Vorperian, Ray D Kent, Daniel M Bolt, Diane Austin
Purpose: A single-word identification test was used to study speech production in children and adults with Down syndrome (DS) to determine the developmental pattern of speech intelligibility with an emphasis on vowels. Method: Speech recordings were collected from 62 participants with DS aged 4-40 years and 25 typically developing participants aged 4-7 years. Panels of 5 adult lay listeners transcribed the speech recordings orthographically, and their responses were scored in comparison with the speakers' target words...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188755/approach-and-avoidance-tendencies-toward-picture-stimuli-of-pre-pubescent-children-and-adults-an-investigation-in-pedophilic-and-nonpedophilic-samples
#3
K Weidacker, C Kärgel, C Massau, S Weiß, J Kneer, T H C Krueger, B Schiffer
The presence of pedophilic sexual interests is considered of high importance for predicting recidivism among individuals who have committed sexual offenses. However, objective and valid assessment methods that are robust against confounding issues such as cognitive capacity and manipulation are sparse. We applied the Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT) for detecting sexual interests in 38 pedophilic men (18 primarily attracted to boys) and 27 male nonpedophilic (11 gay) participants. The AAT relies on automatic approach and avoidance tendencies, independent of cognitive abilities such as memory capacity and intelligence...
March 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113548/cognitive-functions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-men-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-symptoms-of-overactive-bladder-when-treated-with-a-combination-of-tamsulosin-and-solifenacin-in-a-higher-dosage
#4
Kirill Kosilov, Irina Kuzina, Vladimir Kuznetsov, Yuliya Gainullina, Liliya Kosilova, Alexandra Prokofyeva, Sergey Loparev
AIM: To study the cognitive functions and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in individuals taking a combination of tamsulosin and solifenacin in a higher dosage. METHODS: All patients (n = 262) were assigned to group A (N = 93, tamsulosin 0.4 mg + solifenacin 10 mg per day), group B (N = 83, tamsulosin 0.4 mg + solifenacin 20 mg), and control group C (N = 86; tamsulosin 0.4 mg + placebo). The lower urinary tract (LUT) condition was assessed on the scales International Prostate Symptom Score, Over Active Bladder Awareness Tool and uroflowmetry...
November 7, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055048/adolescent-obesity-and-adult-male-breast-cancer-in-a-cohort-of-1-382-093-men
#5
Lital Keinan-Boker, Hagai Levine, Adi Leiba, Estela Derazne, Jeremy D Kark
Male breast cancer (MBC) accounts for 1% of all breast cancer. Adult obesity and tallness are risk factors for MBC, but the role of adolescent fatness is largely unknown. We aimed to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) in adolescence and the incidence of MBC in a large cohort of 16-19 year-old Israeli males. 1,382,093 Jewish Israeli males aged 16-19 who underwent anthropometric measurements, a General Intelligence Test (GIT) and other examinations during 1967-2011, were followed up to 31.12...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048311/impact-of-the-intensive-program-of-emotional-intelligence-ipei-on-work-supervisors
#6
Gustavo A Rodríguez García, Belén López-Pérez, Manuel A Férreo Cruzado, María E Fernández Carrascoso, Juan Fernández
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Intensive Program of Emotional Intelligence (IPEI; Fernández, 2016; Férreo, 2016) on middle managers’ emotional intelligence, as this variable may have a significant impact on personal satisfaction, task performance, and the work environment. METHOD: The intervention was applied to work team supervisors in a large call center, as it is an overlooked sector in this topic. Two-hundred and eighty-two supervisors from a Madrid-based, Spanish multinational (51...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021990/discovery-radiomics-via-evolutionary-deep-radiomic-sequencer-discovery-for-pathologically-proven-lung-cancer-detection
#7
Mohammad Javad Shafiee, Audrey G Chung, Farzad Khalvati, Masoom A Haider, Alexander Wong
While lung cancer is the second most diagnosed form of cancer in men and women, a sufficiently early diagnosis can be pivotal in patient survival rates. Imaging-based, or radiomics-driven, detection methods have been developed to aid diagnosticians, but largely rely on hand-crafted features that may not fully encapsulate the differences between cancerous and healthy tissue. Recently, the concept of discovery radiomics was introduced, where custom abstract features are discovered from readily available imaging data...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988963/defining-novel-and-practical-metrics-to-assess-the-deliverables-of-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-ultrasound-fusion-prostate-biopsy
#8
Benjamin T Ristau, David Y T Chen, Jeffrey Ellis, Aseem Malhotra, Lyudmilla DeMora, Rosaleen B Parsons, Barton Milestone, Marion Brody, Rosalia Viterbo, Richard Greenberg, Marc Smaldone, Robert Uzzo, Jordan Anaokar, Alexander Kutikov
PURPOSE: Multiparametric magnetic resonance (mpMRI)/ultrasound targeted prostate biopsy (TB) is touted as a tool to improve prostate cancer care. Yet, the true clinical utility of TB over transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-B) has not been systematically analyzed. We introduce two metrics to better quantify and report the deliverables of TB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed our prospective database containing patients who underwent simultaneous TB/TRUS-B...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981827/emotional-intelligence-is-associated-with-connectivity-within-and-between-resting-state-networks
#9
William D S Killgore, Ryan Smith, Elizabeth A Olson, Mareen Weber, Scott L Rauch, Lisa D Nickerson
Emotional intelligence (EI) is defined as an individual's capacity to accurately perceive, understand, reason about, and regulate emotions, and to apply that information to facilitate thought and achieve goals. Although EI plays an important role in mental health and success in academic, professional and social realms, the neurocircuitry underlying this capacity remains poorly characterized, and no study to date has yet examined the relationship between EI and intrinsic neural network function. Here, in a sample of 54 healthy individuals (28 women, 26 men), we apply independent components analysis (ICA) with dual regression to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data acquired while subjects were resting in the scanner to investigate brain circuits (intrinsic resting state networks) whose activity is associated with greater self-reported (i...
September 4, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951681/synthetic-detergents-100%C3%A2-years-of-history
#10
REVIEW
Ana Carolina Kogawa, Beatriz Gamberini Cernic, Leandro Giovanni Domingos do Couto, Hérida Regina Nunes Salgado
In the year 2016 the synthetic detergents complete 100 years and in this story they evolved as cleaners. They are already part of the routine of thousands of people worldwide. For a higher power of cleaning of the detergent, today, are added phosphates, the main responsible for environmental problems. After 100 years of synthetic detergents, the effect of the combination of various cleaners on the environment is a gap. Legislation and guidelines about the other components of the formula of cleaners still missing...
September 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936795/the-ugly-truth-about-ourselves-and-our-robot-creations-the-problem-of-bias-and-social-inequity
#11
Ayanna Howard, Jason Borenstein
Recently, there has been an upsurge of attention focused on bias and its impact on specialized artificial intelligence (AI) applications. Allegations of racism and sexism have permeated the conversation as stories surface about search engines delivering job postings for well-paying technical jobs to men and not women, or providing arrest mugshots when keywords such as "black teenagers" are entered. Learning algorithms are evolving; they are often created from parsing through large datasets of online information while having truth labels bestowed on them by crowd-sourced masses...
September 21, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882734/-control-of-blood-pressure-by-using-an-intelligent-telephone-application-with-feedback-and-competitiveness-strategy-htapp-control-project
#12
J Sánchez-Prieto, F Sabatel, G Villarrubia Mendez, J A Divisón, J A Garcia-Donaire, L Rodríguez-Padial
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Arterial hypertension is a highly important cardiovascular risk factor, with low control percentages. New technologies can help to obtain a better control of this disease. The intention is to know if a mobile application can help achieve this goal. METHOD: A mobile phone application is used to give feedback to physicians with the aim of generate competitiveness in achieving objectives. The application could, at any time, determine the rate of controlled patients (<140/90mmHg) by each physician, and compare them with the mean number of the patients controlled by the group...
September 4, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861009/cognitive-processing-speed-working-memory-and-the-intelligibility-of-hearing-aid-processed-speech-in-persons-with-hearing-impairment
#13
Wycliffe Kabaywe Yumba
Previous studies have demonstrated that successful listening with advanced signal processing in digital hearing aids is associated with individual cognitive capacity, particularly working memory capacity (WMC). This study aimed to examine the relationship between cognitive abilities (cognitive processing speed and WMC) and individual listeners' responses to digital signal processing settings in adverse listening conditions. A total of 194 native Swedish speakers (83 women and 111 men), aged 33-80 years (mean = 60...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810074/preliminary-data-on-the-role-of-emotional-intelligence-in-moderating-the-link-between-psychopathy-and-aggression-in-a-nonforensic-sample
#14
Tiziana Lanciano, Antonietta Curci, Francesca Guglielmi, Emanuela Soleti, Ignazio Grattagliano
This short report presents preliminary data on the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in moderating the relationship between psychopathy and aggression in a nonforensic sample. A sample of 109 volunteer men was administered the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (PPI-R), the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire, and the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso emotional intelligence Test in individual sessions. Correlation and moderation analyzes showed that, at low levels of EI (in terms of strategic ability to understand and manage one's own and others' emotions), people scoring high on the total PPI-R and impulsivity dimension seemed to be both reactively and proactively aggressive...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759619/fmri-to-probe-sex-related-differences-in-brain-function-with-multitasking
#15
Melanie Tschernegg, Christa Neuper, Reinhold Schmidt, Guilherme Wood, Martin Kronbichler, Franz Fazekas, Christian Enzinger, Marisa Koini
BACKGROUND: Although established as a general notion in society, there is no solid scientific foundation for the existence of sex-differences in multitasking. Reaction time and accuracy in dual task conditions have an inverse relationship relative to single task, independently from sex. While a more disseminated network, parallel to decreasing accuracy and reaction time has been demonstrated in dual task fMRI studies, little is known so far whether there exist respective sex-related differences in activation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712988/the-spanish-adaptation-of-the-palliative-performance-scale-version-2-among-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-life-psychometric-properties
#16
Eva Barallat, Maria Nabal, Jaume Canal, Javier Trujillano, Montse Gea-Sánchez, Philip J Larkin, Michael G Downing
BACKGROUND: Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) is a reliable tool to assess performance status in cancer patients receiving palliative care (PC). Spanish validated and culturally adapted tools are needed. OBJECTIVES: The objectives are to develop PPS translation and cross-cultural adaptation into Spanish and to assess its psychometric properties. DESIGN: Translation process with cross-cultural adaptation to produce Spanish Palliative Performance Scale (PPS-SPANISH)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698926/diagnosis-of-dementia-by-machine-learning-methods-in-epidemiological-studies-a-pilot-exploratory-study-from-south-india
#17
Sheshadri Iyengar Raghavan Bhagyashree, Kiran Nagaraj, Martin Prince, Caroline H D Fall, Murali Krishna
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the use of artificial intelligence methods for the diagnosis of dementia in epidemiological studies in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings. A culture and education fair battery of cognitive tests was developed and validated for population based studies in low- and middle-income countries including India by the 10/66 Dementia Research Group. AIMS: We explored the machine learning methods based on the 10/66 battery of cognitive tests for the diagnosis of dementia based in a birth cohort study in South India...
July 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691863/how-can-those-engaging-in-chemsex-best-be-supported-an-online-survey-to-gain-intelligence-in-greater-manchester
#18
Andrew Tomkins, Roberto Vivancos, Chris Ward, Merav Kliner
Reports of sexualised drug taking (chemsex) have increased significantly in recent years. There is currently limited intelligence on chemsex outside of London. An anonymous survey was promoted via several sources including voluntary services and a sexual health clinic in order to establish the risks associated with chemsex, and how support services can best be tailored to meet the needs of those in Greater Manchester, UK. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected on demographics, drug use, sexual practices and barriers and facilitators to accessing support...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659274/childhood-intelligence-in-relation-to-major-causes-of-death-in-68-year-follow-up-prospective-population-study
#19
Catherine M Calvin, G David Batty, Geoff Der, Caroline E Brett, Adele Taylor, Alison Pattie, Iva Čukić, Ian J Deary
Objectives To examine the association between intelligence measured in childhood and leading causes of death in men and women over the life course.Design Prospective cohort study based on a whole population of participants born in Scotland in 1936 and linked to mortality data across 68 years of follow-up.Setting Scotland.Participants 33 536 men and 32 229 women who were participants in the Scottish Mental Survey of 1947 (SMS1947) and who could be linked to cause of death data up to December 2015.Main outcome measures Cause specific mortality, including from coronary heart disease, stroke, specific cancer types, respiratory disease, digestive disease, external causes, and dementia...
June 28, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655036/objective-and-subjective-measures-of-simultaneous-vs-sequential-bilateral-cochlear-implants-in-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Véronique J C Kraaijenga, Geerte G J Ramakers, Yvette E Smulders, Alice van Zon, Inge Stegeman, Adriana L Smit, Robert J Stokroos, Nadia Hendrice, Rolien H Free, Bert Maat, Johan H M Frijns, Jeroen J Briaire, E A M Mylanus, Wendy J Huinck, Gijsbert A Van Zanten, Wilko Grolman
Importance: To date, no randomized clinical trial on the comparison between simultaneous and sequential bilateral cochlear implants (BiCIs) has been performed. Objective: To investigate the hearing capabilities and the self-reported benefits of simultaneous BiCIs compared with those of sequential BiCIs. Design, Setting, and Participants: A multicenter randomized clinical trial was conducted between January 12, 2010, and September 2, 2012, at 5 tertiary referral centers among 40 participants eligible for BiCIs...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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