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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119199/speech-audiometry-and-data-logging-in-ci%C3%A2-patients-implications-for-adequate-test-levels
#1
M Hey, T Hocke, P Ambrosch
BACKGROUND: As part of postoperative cochlear implant (CI) diagnostics, speech comprehension tests are performed to monitor audiological outcome. In recent years, a trend toward improved suprathreshold speech intelligibility in quiet and an extension of intelligibility to softer sounds has been observed. Parallel to audiometric data, analysis of the patients' acoustic environment can take place by means of data logging in modern CI systems. OBJECTIVES: Which speech test levels reflect the individual listening environment in a relevant manner and how can these be reflected in a clinical audiometric setting? PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis, data logs of 263 adult CI patients were evaluated for sound level and the listening situation (quiet, speech in quiet, noise, speech in noise, music, and wind)...
November 8, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116045/contemporary-noise-induced-hearing-loss-nihl-prevention
#2
Wiesław Sułkowski, Kalina Owczarek, Jurek Olszewski
Hearing impairment caused by noise, traditionally called - depending on the duration of exposure - acute or chronic acoustic trauma, includes, in addition to presbyacusis, the most common adult population of hearing impaired. In Poland - according to the report of the Central Statistical Office (GUS, 2011), the number of workers employed in NDN exceeded the noise level (85 dB) is about 200 thousand, the highest in the mining, metal and metal products production, textiles and wood production. According to the Regulation of the Council of Ministers of on June 30, 2009, on the list of occupational diseases (Journal of Laws No...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089535/language-and-music-phrase-boundary-processing-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-erp-study
#3
John DePriest, Anastasia Glushko, Karsten Steinhauer, Stefan Koelsch
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is frequently associated with communicative impairment, regardless of intelligence level or mental age. Impairment of prosodic processing in particular is a common feature of ASD. Despite extensive overlap in neural resources involved in prosody and music processing, music perception seems to be spared in this population. The present study is the first to investigate prosodic phrasing in ASD in both language and music, combining event-related brain potential (ERP) and behavioral methods...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060614/music-evoked-emotion-classification-using-eeg-correlation-based-information
#4
Hongjian Bo, Lin Ma, Haifeng Li
The relation between music and emotions has been investigated for decades. Most of the studies focused on short clips and were designed with specific tasks. This paper investigated the emotional states from electroencephalogram (EEG) activities during music appreciation. An emotion evoked experiment paradigm was designed during music appreciation. The EEG signals were recorded in 15 healthy adults during the entire process of music listening. The band power change (BPC) and higher order crossing (HOC) features were extracted from the EEG signals...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056453/audiomotor-perceptual-training-enhances-speech-intelligibility-in-background-noise
#5
Jonathon P Whitton, Kenneth E Hancock, Jeffrey M Shannon, Daniel B Polley
Sensory and motor skills can be improved with training, but learning is often restricted to practice stimuli. As an exception, training on closed-loop (CL) sensorimotor interfaces, such as action video games and musical instruments, can impart a broad spectrum of perceptual benefits. Here we ask whether computerized CL auditory training can enhance speech understanding in levels of background noise that approximate a crowded restaurant. Elderly hearing-impaired subjects trained for 8 weeks on a CL game that, like a musical instrument, challenged them to monitor subtle deviations between predicted and actual auditory feedback as they moved their fingertip through a virtual soundscape...
November 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045255/listening-to-relaxing-music-improves-physiological-responses-in-premature-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Rafael A Caparros-Gonzalez, Alejandro de la Torre-Luque, Carolina Diaz-Piedra, Francisco J Vico, Gualberto Buela-Casal
BACKGROUND: Premature infants are exposed to high levels of noise in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effect of a relaxing music therapy intervention composed by artificial intelligence on respiratory rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was conducted in the NICUs of 2 general public hospitals in Andalusia, Spain. Participants were 17 healthy premature infants, randomly allocated to the intervention group or the control group (silence) at a 1:1 ratio...
October 17, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986605/-speech-audiometry-and-data-logging-in-ci%C3%A2-patients-implications-for-adequate-test-levels-german-version
#7
M Hey, T Hocke, P Ambrosch
BACKGROUND: As part of postoperative cochlear implant (CI) diagnostics, speech comprehension tests are performed to monitor audiological outcome. In recent years, a trend toward improved suprathreshold speech intelligibility in quiet and an extension of intelligibility to softer sounds has been observed. Parallel to audiometric data, analysis of the patients' acoustic environment can take place by means of data logging in modern CI systems. OBJECTIVES: Which test levels reflect the individual listening environment in a relevant manner and how can these be reflected in a clinical audiometric setting? PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis, data logs of 263 adult CI patients were evaluated for sound level and the listening situation (quiet, speech in quiet, noise, speech in noise, music, and wind)...
October 6, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974705/musicians-do-not-benefit-from-differences-in-fundamental-frequency-when-listening-to-speech-in-competing-speech-backgrounds
#8
Sara M K Madsen, Kelly L Whiteford, Andrew J Oxenham
Recent studies disagree on whether musicians have an advantage over non-musicians in understanding speech in noise. However, it has been suggested that musicians may be able to use differences in fundamental frequency (F0) to better understand target speech in the presence of interfering talkers. Here we studied a relatively large (N = 60) cohort of young adults, equally divided between non-musicians and highly trained musicians, to test whether the musicians were better able to understand speech either in noise or in a two-talker competing speech masker...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856955/long-term-pitch-memory-for-music-recordings-is-related-to-auditory-working-memory-precision
#9
Stephen C Van Hedger, Shannon L M Heald, Howard C Nusbaum
Most individuals have reliable long-term memories for the pitch of familiar music recordings. This pitch memory (1) appears to be normally distributed in the population, (2) does not depend on explicit musical training, and (3) only seems to be weakly related to differences in listening frequency estimates. The present experiment was designed to assess whether individual differences in auditory working memory could explain variance in long-term pitch memory for music recordings. In Experiment 1, participants first completed a musical note adjustment task that has been previously used to assess working memory of musical pitch...
August 31, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806336/musical-rehabilitation-in-adult-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-a-self-administered-software
#10
Leah Smith, Lee Bartel, Samidha Joglekar, Joseph Chen
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine if a self-administered computer-based rehabilitation program could improve music appreciation and speech understanding in adults who have a cochlear implant (CI). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary adult CI program. PATIENTS: Twenty-one postlingually deafened cochlear implant users between the ages of 27 and 79 years were recruited. INTERVENTIONS(S): A self-administered music rehabilitative software was designed to help improve the perception of musical patterns of increasing complexity, as well as pitch and timbre perception, premised on focused and divided attention...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733769/communication-for-coordination-gesture-kinematics-and-conventionality-affect-synchronization-success-in-piano-duos
#11
Laura Bishop, Werner Goebl
Ensemble musicians often exchange visual cues in the form of body gestures (e.g., rhythmic head nods) to help coordinate piece entrances. These cues must communicate beats clearly, especially if the piece requires interperformer synchronization of the first chord. This study aimed to (1) replicate prior findings suggesting that points of peak acceleration in head gestures communicate beat position and (2) identify the kinematic features of head gestures that encourage successful synchronization. It was expected that increased precision of the alignment between leaders' head gestures and first note onsets, increased gesture smoothness, magnitude, and prototypicality, and increased leader ensemble/conducting experience would improve gesture synchronizability...
July 21, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604047/the-smartphone-and-the-driver-s-cognitive-workload-a-comparison-of-apple-google-and-microsoft-s-intelligent-personal-assistants
#12
David L Strayer, Joel M Cooper, Jonna Turrill, James R Coleman, Rachel J Hopman
The goal of this research was to examine the impact of voice-based interactions using 3 different intelligent personal assistants (Apple's Siri, Google's Google Now for Android phones, and Microsoft's Cortana) on the cognitive workload of the driver. In 2 experiments using an instrumented vehicle on suburban roadways, we measured the cognitive workload of drivers when they used the voice-based features of each smartphone to place a call, select music, or send text messages. Cognitive workload was derived from primary task performance through video analysis, secondary-task performance using the Detection Response Task (DRT), and subjective mental workload...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579956/music-training-and-education-slow-the-deterioration-of-music-perception-produced-by-presbycusis-in-the-elderly
#13
Felipe N Moreno-Gómez, Guillermo Véliz, Marcos Rojas, Cristián Martínez, Rubén Olmedo, Felipe Panussis, Alexies Dagnino-Subiabre, Carolina Delgado, Paul H Delano
The perception of music depends on the normal function of the peripheral and central auditory system. Aged subjects without hearing loss have altered music perception, including pitch and temporal features. Presbycusis or age-related hearing loss is a frequent condition in elderly people, produced by neurodegenerative processes that affect the cochlear receptor cells and brain circuits involved in auditory perception. Clinically, presbycusis patients have bilateral high-frequency hearing loss and deteriorated speech intelligibility...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509117/the-theory-of-multiple-stupidities-education-technology-and-organisation-in-arabia
#14
Abdulrahman Essa Al Lily, Ahmed Ali Alhazmi, Saleh Alzahrani
Traditional perspectives have envisaged intelligence as one entity dominated by a single set of abilities (i.e. cognitive abilities), whereas modern perspectives have defined intelligence in various shapes (e.g. linguistic, musical and interpersonal intelligences). By the same token, traditional perspectives have examined stupidity as one set of inabilities (i.e. cognitive inabilities). However, it is not clear whether modern perspectives have discussed whether stupidity exists in various forms-in the same way as they have envisaged intelligence...
May 16, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446890/partial-visual-loss-affects-self-reports-of-hearing-abilities-measured-using-a-modified-version-of-the-speech-spatial-and-qualities-of-hearing-questionnaire
#15
Andrew J Kolarik, Rajiv Raman, Brian C J Moore, Silvia Cirstea, Sarika Gopalakrishnan, Shahina Pardhan
We assessed how visually impaired (VI) people perceived their own auditory abilities using an established hearing questionnaire, the Speech, Spatial, and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ), that was adapted to make it relevant and applicable to VI individuals by removing references to visual aspects while retaining the meaning of the original questions. The resulting questionnaire, the SSQvi, assessed perceived hearing ability in diverse situations including the ability to follow conversations with multiple speakers, assessing how far away a vehicle is, and the ability to perceptually segregate simultaneous sounds...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342397/conflict-adaptation-in-positive-and-negative-mood-applying-a-success-failure-manipulation
#16
Stefanie Schuch, Jana Zweerings, Patricia Hirsch, Iring Koch
Conflict adaptation is a cognitive mechanism denoting increased cognitive control upon detection of conflict. This mechanism can be measured by the congruency sequence effect, indicating the reduction of congruency effects after incongruent trials (where response conflict occurs) relative to congruent trials (without response conflict). Several studies have reported increased conflict adaptation under negative, as compared to positive, mood. In these studies, sustained mood states were induced by film clips or music combined with imagination techniques; these kinds of mood manipulations are highly obvious, possibly distorting the actual mood states experienced by the participants...
March 22, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269090/two-microphones-spectral-coherence-based-speech-enhancement-for-hearing-aids-using-smartphone-as-an-assistive-device
#17
Chandan K A Reddy, Yiya Hao, Issa Panahi
In this paper, we present a new Speech Enhancement (SE) technique capable of running on a smartphone, as an assistive device for hearing aids (HAs). The developed method incorporates the coherence between the speech and noise signals to obtain a SE gain function which is used in conjunction with the gain function obtained by Spectral Subtraction using adaptive gain averaging. SE using coherence based gain function is found to suppress the background noise well, while inducing speech distortion. On the other hand, SE using Spectral Subtraction improves speech quality with tolerable speech distortion, but introduces background musical noise for certain noise types...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227311/two-microphones-spectral-coherence-based-speech-enhancement-for-hearing-aids-using-smartphone-as-an-assistive-device
#18
Chandan K A Reddy, Yiya Hao, Issa Panahi, Chandan K A Reddy, Yiya Hao, Issa Panahi, Issa Panahi, Chandan K A Reddy, Yiya Hao
In this paper, we present a new Speech Enhancement (SE) technique capable of running on a smartphone, as an assistive device for hearing aids (HAs). The developed method incorporates the coherence between the speech and noise signals to obtain a SE gain function which is used in conjunction with the gain function obtained by Spectral Subtraction using adaptive gain averaging. SE using coherence based gain function is found to suppress the background noise well, while inducing speech distortion. On the other hand, SE using Spectral Subtraction improves speech quality with tolerable speech distortion, but introduces background musical noise for certain noise types...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174518/assessing-music-perception-in-young-children-evidence-for-and-psychometric-features-of-the-m-factor
#19
Caio G Barros, Walter Swardfager, Sylvain Moreno, Graziela Bortz, Beatriz Ilari, Andrea P Jackowski, George Ploubidis, Todd D Little, Alexandra Lamont, Hugo Cogo-Moreira
Given the relationship between language acquisition and music processing, musical perception (MP) skills have been proposed as a tool for early diagnosis of speech and language difficulties; therefore, a psychometric instrument is needed to assess music perception in children under 10 years of age, a crucial period in neurodevelopment. We created a set of 80 musical stimuli encompassing seven domains of music perception to inform perception of tonal, atonal, and modal stimuli, in a random sample of 1006 children, 6-13 years of age, equally distributed from first to fifth grades, from 14 schools (38% private schools) in So Paulo State...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825859/lifetime-leisure-music-exposure-associated-with-increased-frequency-of-tinnitus
#20
David R Moore, Oliver Zobay, Robert C Mackinnon, William M Whitmer, Michael A Akeroyd
Tinnitus has been linked to noise exposure, a common form of which is listening to music as a leisure activity. The relationship between tinnitus and type and duration of music exposure is not well understood. We conducted an internet-based population study that asked participants questions about lifetime music exposure and hearing, and included a hearing test involving speech intelligibility in noise, the High Frequency Digit Triplets Test. 4950 people aged 17-75 years completed all questions and the hearing test...
April 2017: Hearing Research
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