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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222881/development-and-validation-of-a-pediatric-nutritional-screening-score-pnss-for-hospitalized-children
#1
Lina Lu, Xiaomeng Mao, Jinye Sheng, Jianhu Huang, Ying Wang, Qingya Tang, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is no evidence on the most effective nutritional screening tool for hospitalized children. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a pediatric nutritional screening tool to assess undernutrition risk upon hospital admission. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The study had a two-phase prospective observational design. A novel pediatric nutritional screening score (PNSS) was developed and sensitivity, specificity, and reliability were evaluated by comparing with a complete dietetic assessment...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222704/healthcare-system-barriers-to-long-term-follow-up-for-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-in-british-columbia-canada-a-qualitative-study
#2
A Fuchsia Howard, Arminee Kazanjian, Sheila Pritchard, Rob Olson, Haroon Hasan, Kelly Newton, Karen Goddard
PURPOSE: Risk-stratified life-long follow-up care is recommended for adult childhood cancer survivors (CCS) to ensure appropriate prevention, screening, and management of late effects. The identification of barriers to long-term follow-up (LTFU), particularly in varying healthcare service contexts, is essential to develop and refine services that are responsive to survivor needs. We aimed to explore CCS and healthcare professionals (HCP) perspectives of healthcare system factors that function as barriers to LTFU in British Columbia, Canada...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221705/female-fertility-preservation-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-cancer-patient-population
#3
REVIEW
Gabriela N Algarroba, Joseph S Sanfilippo, Hanna Valli-Pulaski
The 5-year survival rate for childhood cancer is over 80%, thereby increasing the number of young women facing infertility in the future because of the gonadotoxic effects of chemotherapy and radiation. The gonadotoxic effects of childhood cancer treatment vary by the radiation regimen and the chemotherapeutic drugs utilized. Although the American Society of Clinical Oncology guidelines recommend fertility preservation for all patients, there are several barriers and ethical considerations to fertility preservation in the pediatric and adolescent female population...
October 26, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221696/fertility-preservation-in-pediatric-subspecialties-a-pilot-needs-assessment-beyond-oncology
#4
Branavan Vakeesan, Danielle R Weidman, Anne Marie Maloney, Lisa Allen, Armando J Lorenzo, Abha A Gupta
Physicians from 6 non-oncology pediatric subspecialties were surveyed about fertility preservation (FP) to assess education/service needs. Almost all (96%; 25 of 26) reported having patients at risk of infertility; however, only 58% (15 of 26) had discussed FP with patients' families. Most subspecialists (92%; 23 of 25) would like access to an FP program. Our data support exploring the expansion of FP programs beyond oncology.
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219854/reconstruction-of-the-scapula-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-after-total-scapulectomy-a-report-of-10-patients-treated-by-extracorporeal-irradiation-and-reimplantation-of-the-scapula
#5
Ahmed M El Ghoneimy, Mohamed S Zaghloul, Iman Zaky, Hala Taha, Ahmed Elgammal, Magdy El Sherbiny, Nehal Kamal
BACKGROUND: Ewing sarcoma of the scapula is uncommon. Restoration of shoulder function after total scapulectomy is challenging. Extracorporeal irradiation and reimplantation is a well-known method of biological reconstruction in orthopaedic oncology; yet very few reports in the literature describe its specific use in tumors of the scapula. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with the diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma of the scapula were surgically treated by total scapulectomy and extracorporeal irradiation and reimplantation of the scapula...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219080/health-practitioners-emotional-reactions-to-caring-for-hospitalized-children-in-lom%C3%A3-togo-a-qualitative-study
#6
Bassantéa Lodegaèna Kpassagou, Kokou Messanh Agbémélé Soedje
BACKGROUND: Health practitioners frequently encounter dying, death and suffering. While providing health care can be stressful, the literature on how different health practitioners cope with the emotional challenges associated with their work is sparse. Further, much of this literature is based on studies conducted in high-income countries. In this study, we explored emotional distress and associated coping strategies among health practitioners working in a pediatric oncology department in a large teaching hospital in Lomé, Togo...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218844/predictors-of-hepatotoxicity-and-pancreatitis-in-children-and-adolescents-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-treated-according-to-contemporary-regimens
#7
Christopher C Denton, Yasmin A Rawlins, Matthew J Oberley, Deepa Bhojwani, Etan Orgel
BACKGROUND: Hepatotoxicity and pancreatitis are common treatment-related toxicities (TRTs) during contemporary treatment regimens for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Limited detailed data from Children's Oncology Group (COG) regimens has been previously reported to enable identification of patient and treatment risk factors for these toxicities and their impact on outcomes. PROCEDURE: We analyzed a retrospective pediatric ALL cohort treated at a single institution according to COG regimens from 2008 to 2015...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218773/illness-and-end-of-life-experiences-of-children-with-cancer-who-receive-palliative-care
#8
Erica C Kaye, Courtney A Gushue, Samantha DeMarsh, Jonathan Jerkins, April Sykes, Zhaohua Lu, Jennifer M Snaman, Lindsay Blazin, Liza-Marie Johnson, Deena R Levine, R Ray Morrison, Justin N Baker
BACKGROUND: The field of pediatric palliative oncology is newly emerging. Little is known about the characteristics and illness experiences of children with cancer who receive palliative care (PC). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 321 pediatric oncology patients enrolled in PC who died between 2011 and 2015 was conducted at a large academic pediatric cancer center using a comprehensive standardized data extraction tool. RESULTS: The majority of pediatric palliative oncology patients received experimental therapy (79...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218435/educational-review-measurement-of-gfr-in-special-populations
#9
Guido Filler, Misan Lee
IMPORTANCE: Changes in kidney function are typically followed by the sequential estimation of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Formulae for eGFR work well on a population basis, but there are well-known conditions where they do not work. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to summarize the existing literature on special populations in the pediatric age range and provide recommendations on how to estimate GFR in these populations. FINDINGS: The reliability of creatinine depends on muscle mass, while cystatin C (not widely available) is limited by inflammation and changes in protein catabolism...
December 7, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211298/prognostic-relevance-of-early-radiologic-response-to-induction-chemotherapy-in-pediatric-rhabdomyosarcoma-a-report-from-the-international-society-of-pediatric-oncology-malignant-mesenchymal-tumor-95-study
#10
Bas Vaarwerk, Johanna H van der Lee, Willemijn B Breunis, Daniel Orbach, Julia C Chisholm, Nathalie Cozic, Meriel Jenney, Rick R van Rijn, Kieran McHugh, Soledad Gallego, Heidi Glosli, Christine Devalck, Mark N Gaze, Anna Kelsey, Christophe Bergeron, Michael C G Stevens, Odile Oberlin, Veronique Minard-Colin, Johannes H M Merks
BACKGROUND: Early response to induction chemotherapy is used in current European guidelines to evaluate the efficacy of chemotherapy and subsequently to adapt treatment in pediatric patients with rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). However, existing literature on the prognostic value of early radiologic response on survival is contradictory; here the prognostic value is analyzed with data from the International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) Malignant Mesenchymal Tumor 95 (MMT-95) study. METHODS: This study examined 432 Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Grouping III (macroscopic residue) patients enrolled in the SIOP MMT-95 study with a response assessment after 3 courses of chemotherapy (a 2-dimensional assessment)...
December 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206863/blood-collection-in-cell-stabilizing-tubes-does-not-impact-germline-dna-quality-for-pediatric-patients
#11
Bruce M Wollison, Edwin Thai, Aimee Mckinney, Abigail Ward, Andrea Clapp, Catherine Clinton, Anwesha Nag, Aaron R Thorner, Julie M Gastier-Foster, Brian D Crompton
OBJECTIVES: Liquid biopsy technologies allow non-invasive tumor profiling for patients with solid tumor malignancies by sequencing circulating tumor DNA. These studies may be useful in risk-stratification, monitoring for relapse, and understanding tumor evolution. The quality of DNA obtained for these studies is improved when blood samples are collected in tubes that stabilizing white blood cells (WBC). However, ongoing germline research in pediatric oncology generally requires obtaining blood samples in EDTA tubes, which do not contain a WBC-stabilizing preservative...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204198/profile-and-outcome-of-pediatric-brain-tumors-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-oncology-unit-in-south-india
#12
Supriya Gujjar Suresh, Arathi Srinivasan, Julius Xavier Scott, Santosh Mohan Rao, Balasubramaniam Chidambaram, Sanjay Chandrasekar
Context: Tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) constitute the second most common pediatric cancers. Unlike leukemia, management of CNS tumors requires a good multidisciplinary team. Higher rates of treatment abandonment are documented in view of complexity of the treatment with long duration, involving neurosurgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and high cost of treatment. Morbidity associated with CNS tumors may be significant in terms of physical deficits as well as neuropsychological and neuroendocrine sequelae...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204195/magnitude-of-neurogenic-tumor-burden-in-pediatric-population-a-tertiary-care-center-study
#13
Shagufta Qadri, Mahboob Hasan, Kafil Akhtar
Objective: Progress in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood neoplasm in the past few decades is one of the most gratifying achievements in the field of oncology. This study was aimed to ascertain the burden (incidence and prevalence) and histopathologic features of neurogenic tumors occurring in the pediatric population. Materials and Methods: The study evaluated a total of 492 cases of pediatric tumors over a period of 8 years from 2007 to 2015, including patients of 0-12 years of age group; attending the out-patients and in-patients Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery at Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, with the complaints of tumor or tumor associated sign and symptoms...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202957/parental-influences-on-sperm-banking-attempts-among-adolescent-males-newly-diagnosed-with-cancer
#14
James L Klosky, Jessica S Flynn, Vicky Lehmann, Kathryn M Russell, Fang Wang, Robin N Hardin, Jasmine R Eddinger, Hui Zhang, Lauren A-M Schenck, Leslie R Schover
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of parental sociodemographic, communication, and psychological factors on sperm collection attempts among at-risk adolescent males newly diagnosed with cancer. DESIGN: Prospective, single group, observational study design. SETTING: Pediatric oncology centers. PATIENT(S): Parents (N = 144) of 122 newly diagnosed adolescent males at increased risk for infertility secondary to cancer therapy...
December 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200670/clinico-radiological-and-pathological-characteristics-of-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumors-in-children-a-retrospective-study
#15
Mohamad Hussain Mir, Waseem Dar, Sheikh Aejaz Aziz, Gul Mohamad, Burhan Wani
Purpose: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) are rare, benign lesions most often seen in the lung of young adults but can occur in children, in various sites. They mimic, clinically and radiologically, malignant tumors - especially sarcomas and lymphomas. The aim was to review the clinical, radiological, and pathological data of children with a diagnosis of IMT referred to our department. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Medical and Paediatric Oncology, Regional Cancer Centre, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India from January 2014 to December 2015...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199671/indian-consensus-statement-for-treatment-of-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-first-line-maintenance-and-second-line
#16
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
The management of advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients is becoming complex with the identification of driver mutations and targeted therapies. The expert group of academic medical oncologists used data from published literature, practical experience to arrive at practical consensus recommendations to treat advanced NSCLC for use by the community oncologists.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196842/involvement-in-care-in-pediatric-cancer-patients-implications-for-treatment-compliance-mental-health-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#17
Anat Shoshani, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon
PURPOSE: The present study developed a new measure of involvement in care of pediatric oncology patients termed the Child Involvement in Care Scale (CICS), and empirically examined the mental health consequences of involvement in care for children with cancer. METHOD: The CICS was administered to 236 children with cancer aged 8-12 who were recruited from three large hospitals in Israel. The children also completed questionnaires on their mental-health symptoms and emotional well-being...
December 1, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196189/pd-l1-inflammation-non-coding-rnas-and-neuroblastoma-immuno-oncology-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Palanisamy Nallasamy, Srinivas Chava, Sumit S Verma, Shruti Mishra, Santhi Gorantla, Don W Coulter, Siddappa N Byrareddy, Surinder K Batra, Subash C Gupta, Kishore B Challagundla
Neuroblastoma is the most common pediatric solid tumor of neural crest origin. The current treatment options for neuroblastoma produce severe side effects. Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), chronic inflammation, and non-coding RNAs are known to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of neuroblastoma. Cancer cells and the surrounding cells in the tumor microenvironment express PD-L1. Programmed death-1 (PD-1) is a co-receptor expressed predominantly by T cells. The binding of PD-1 to its ligands, PD-L1 or PD-L2, is vital for the physiologic regulation of the immune system...
November 28, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193588/long-term-evidence-that-a-pediatric-oncology-mentorship-program-for-young-investigators-is-feasible-and-beneficial-in-the-cooperative-group-setting-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#19
Adam J Esbenshade, Christopher R Pierson, Amanda L Thompson, Damon Reed, Abha Gupta, Adam Levy, Lisa S Kahalley, Paul Harker-Murray, Reuven Schore, Jodi A Muscal, Leanne Embry, Kelly Maloney, Terzah Horton, Patrick Zweidler-Mckay, Girish Dhall
BACKGROUND: Mentorship of junior faculty is an integral component of career development. The Children's Oncology Group (COG) Young Investigator (YI) Committee designed a mentorship program in 2004 whose purpose was to pair YIs (faculty ≤10 years of first academic appointment) with a senior mentor to assist with career development and involvement in COG research activities. This study reports on the committee's ability to achieve these goals. PROCEDURE: An online survey was sent to YIs who were registered with the program from 2004 to2015, assessing three major domains: (1) overall experience with the mentor pairing, (2) satisfaction with the program, and (3) academic accomplishments of the mentees...
November 28, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190182/checkpoint-inhibition-in-pediatric-hematologic-malignancies
#20
Kara L Davis, Archana M Agarwal, Anupam R Verma
Immune surveillance comprising of adaptive and innate immune systems is naturally designed to eliminate cancer development; overexpression of inhibitory receptors and their ligands prevent this check and lead to evasion and hence cancer progression and metastasis. The use of tumor-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) targeting these checkpoint regulators is promising and has led to this novel field of cancer immunotherapy. The first antibody directed against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), ipilimumab, showed promising results in clinical trials and was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of metastatic melanoma in 2011...
November 30, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
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