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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685080/displaying-red-and-black-on-a-first-date-a-field-study-using-the-first-dates-television-series
#1
Robin S S Kramer, Jerrica Mulgrew
Previous research has shown that displaying the color red can increase attractiveness. As a result, women display red more often when expecting to meet more attractive men in a laboratory context. Here, we carried out a field study by analyzing 546 daters from the "First Dates" television series. Each participant was filmed in a pre-date interview and during a real first date, allowing direct comparison of the clothing worn by each person in these two contexts. Analysis of ratings of the amount of red displayed showed that both men and women wore more red clothing during their dates...
April 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685052/exploring-the-health-promoting-potential-of-the-parkrun-phenomenon-what-factors-are-associated-with-higher-levels-of-participation
#2
Verity Cleland, Meredith Nash, Melanie J Sharman, Suzi Claflin
PURPOSE: " parkrun" is a free and increasingly popular weekly 5-km walk/run international community event, representing a novel setting for physical activity (PA) promotion. However, little is known about who participates or why. This study aimed to identify sociodemographic, health, behavioral, individual, social, and environmental factors associated with higher levels of participation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Tasmania, Australia; June 2016...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681871/handgrip-strength-as-a-darwinian-fitness-indicator-in-men
#3
REVIEW
Andrew C Gallup, Bernhard Fink
Handgrip strength (HGS) is a robust measure of overall muscular strength and function, and has long been predictive of a multitude of health factors and physical outcomes for both men and women. The fact that HGS represents such a ubiquitous measure of health and vitality may reflect the significance of this trait during human evolution. This trait is also highly sexually dimorphic due to influences of androgenic hormones and fat-free body mass, suggesting that it has been further elaborated through sexual selection...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681616/progress-in-preventive-therapy-for-cancer-a-reminiscence-and-personal-viewpoint
#4
REVIEW
Jack Cuzick
Prophylactic drug treatment with aspirin, statins and anti-hypertensive agents has had a major impact on the incidence of cardiovascular disease and is now well established. Progress in therapeutic cancer prevention has been much slower; only recently have effective agents been clearly established. Breast cancer has led the way and endocrine agents used to treat it-notably tamoxifen and the aromatase inhibitors-have now been shown to have a substantial preventive effect as well. However, these agents carry some toxicity and thus identifying high-risk women who are likely to benefit most is a key priority...
April 23, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679622/pharmacotherapy-for-hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy-do-oral-agents-have-a-place
#5
REVIEW
Rosa Corcoy, Montserrat Balsells, Apolonia García-Patterson, Anat Shmueli, Eran Hadar
Diabetes is a frequent condition in pregnancy and achieving adequate glycemic control is of paramount importance. Insulin treatment is the gold standard, oral agents are more attractive, but their safety and efficiency should be a prerequisite for their use. We have more information regarding treatment of women with gestational diabetes mellitus where glyburide can induce a picture of fetal hyperinsulinism (higher birthweight and more neonatal hypoglycemia) whereas metformin requires supplemental insulin in a larger proportion of women but achieves satisfactory perinatal outcomes with the exception of preterm birth...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677455/the-effects-of-gender-and-relationship-context-cues-on-responsive-sexual-desire-in-exclusively-and-predominantly-androphilic-women-and-gynephilic-men
#6
Amanda D Timmers, Samantha J Dawson, Meredith L Chivers
Sexual desire may be "responsive," emerging from sexual arousal to sexually competent cues. Cues that elicit sexual arousal and desire differ, however, by gender and direction of sexual attractions. Further, relationship context cues are thought to be important for responsive desire, but this has not been tested directly. The current study examined gynephilic men's (n = 27) and exclusively (n = 23) and predominantly (n = 17) androphilic women's dyadic and solitary responsive sexual desire, as well as genital and self-reported arousal, to audio narratives varying by gender (male, female) of the sexual partner and relationship context (stranger, friend, long-term relationship)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674180/why-do-very-unattractive-workers-earn-so-much
#7
Satoshi Kanazawa, Shihao Hu, Adrien Larere
Kanazawa and Still (2018) showed that very unattractive workers earned more than unattractive workers, sometimes more than average-looking or attractive workers, because they had higher levels of intelligence and education, but they did not explain why very unattractive workers had higher intelligence and education. There are both theoretical and empirical reasons to expect that some intelligent men may prefer to marry very unattractive women. The analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) shows that very unattractive women were significantly more likely to be married at Age 29 than unattractive or average-looking women, and their spouses or partners earned significantly more than those of unattractive or average-looking women...
March 22, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665695/women-in-rural-family-medicine-a-qualitative-exploration-of-practice-attributes-that-promote-physician-satisfaction
#8
Carol Hustedde, Heather Paladine, Andrea Wendling, Rupa Prasad, Orlando Sola, Sarah Bjorkman, Julie Phillips
INTRODUCTION: The USA needs more rural physicians. Although women represent half of all US trained medical students, the rural physician workforce has remained predominantly male. Insight is needed into what makes rural practice attractive for women and which practice characteristics allow women physicians to practice successfully in rural areas. This study's purpose was to examine aspects of the practice environment that impact women physicians' professional satisfaction and commitment to rural medicine...
April 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656916/tobacco-use-and-sexual-orientation-in-a-national-cross-sectional-study-age-race-ethnicity-and-sexual-identity-attraction-differences
#9
Sean Esteban McCabe, Alicia K Matthews, Joseph G L Lee, Phil Veliz, Tonda L Hughes, Carol J Boyd
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to determine the past-year prevalence estimates of any nicotine/tobacco use, cigarette smoking, and DSM-5 tobacco use disorder based on sexual identity among U.S. adults, and to examine potential variations in these estimates by age, race/ethnicity, and sexual identity-attraction concordance/discordance. METHODS: The 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions collected data via in-person interviews with a cross-sectional nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized adults (response rate=60...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618488/steroid-sulfatase-inhibition-by-aryl-sulfamates-clinical-progress-mechanism-and-future-prospects
#10
Barry V L Potter
Steroid sulfatase is an emerging drug target for the endocrine therapy of hormone-dependent diseases, catalyzing estrogen sulfate hydrolysis to estrogen. Drug discovery, developing the core aryl O-sulfamate pharmacophore, has led to steroidal and non-steroidal drugs entering numerous clinical trials, with promising results in oncology and women's health. Steroidal estrogen sulfamate derivatives were the first irreversible active-site-directed inhibitors and one was developed clinically as an oral estradiol pro-drug and for endometriosis applications...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615697/fathers-eye-colour-sways-daughters-choice-of-both-long-and-short-term-partners
#11
Paola Bressan, Valeria Damian
In several species, mate choice is influenced by parental features through sexual imprinting, but in humans evidence is scarce and open to alternative explanations. We examined whether daughters' preference for mates with light vs dark eyes is affected by the eye colour of parents. In an online study, over one thousand women rated the attractiveness of men as potential partners for either a long- or a short-term relationship. Each male face was shown twice, with light (blue or green) and with dark (brown or dark brown) eyes...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609980/age-and-gender-dependent-associations-of-blood-pressure-and-serum-sodium-and-potassium-renal-and-extrarenal-regulations
#12
Hongbing Sun, Michael Sun
Association analyses between blood pressure (BP) and serum sodium and potassium for 14,657 men and 16,977 women between ages 12 and 85 years show that responses of BP to serum sodium and potassium are age and gender dependent. The data were from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2003 and 2014. Associations between serum sodium and BP are positive only for advanced age groups and for serum sodium level greater than 139-140 mmol/L in less advanced groups. These positive associations can be explained by traditional renal-centered mechanism...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606223/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-comparative-efficacy-of-women-for-sobriety-lifering-smart-recovery-and-12-step-groups-for-those-with-aud
#13
Sarah E Zemore, Camillia Lui, Amy Mericle, Jordana Hemberg, Lee Ann Kaskutas
BACKGROUND: Despite the effectiveness of 12-step groups, most people reporting a prior alcohol use disorder (AUD) do not sustain involvement in such groups at beneficial levels. This highlights the need for research on other mutual help groups that address alcohol problems and may attract those who avoid 12-step groups. The current study addresses this need, offering outcome data from the first longitudinal, comparative study of 12-step groups and their alternatives: The Peer ALlternatives for Addiction (PAL) Study...
May 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602344/objective-assessment-of-the-contribution-of-dental-esthetics-and-facial-attractiveness-in-men-via-eye-tracking
#14
Robin S Baker, Henry W Fields, F Michael Beck, Allen R Firestone, Stephen F Rosenstiel
INTRODUCTION: Recently, greater emphasis has been placed on smile esthetics in dentistry. Eye tracking has been used to objectively evaluate attention to the dentition (mouth) in female models with different levels of dental esthetics quantified by the aesthetic component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). This has not been accomplished in men. Our objective was to determine the visual attention to the mouth in men with different levels of dental esthetics (IOTN levels) and background facial attractiveness, for both male and female raters, using eye tracking...
April 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601232/aging-and-exercise-perceptions-of-the-active-lived-body
#15
Marit Fougner, Astrid Bergland, Anne Lund, Jonas Debesay
Exploring older people's evocation of their positive experiences of aging has been proposed as a counterweight to the Western stereotype of aging as a process of decline. The aim of this article is to explore how aging women, who participate regularly in group exercise classes, perceive their own bodies and the bodies of others. This article reports on the findings from interviews with 16 women between the age of 70 and 85. We analyzed the data using qualitative content analysis. Two overarching and interrelated themes concerning body perception emerged from the interviews: "The aging body and appearance" and "The body as subject and object...
March 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597259/the-role-of-circulating-free-dna-and-microrna-in-non-invasive-diagnosis-of-hbv-and-hcv-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
REVIEW
Francesca Pezzuto, Luigi Buonaguro, Franco Maria Buonaguro, Maria Lina Tornesello
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third and the fifth leading cause of cancer related death worldwide in men and in women, respectively. HCC generally has a poor prognosis, with a very low 5-year overall survival, due to delayed diagnosis and treatment. Early tumour detection and timely intervention are the best strategies to reduce morbidity and mortality in HCC patients. Histological evaluation of liver biopsies is the gold standard for cancer diagnosis, although it is an invasive, time-consuming and expensive procedure...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582443/jealousy-at-work-the-role-of-rivals-characteristics
#17
Rosario Zurriaga, Pilar González-Navarro, Abraham Pieter Buunk, Pieternel Dijkstra
The present study examined rival characteristics that may evoke jealousy in the workplace, differences between men and women in this regard, and the relationship between jealousy responses and intrasexual competitiveness and social comparison orientation. Participants were 426 male and female employees. By means of a questionnaire, participants were presented with a jealousy-evoking scenario after which jealousy responses to 24 rival characteristics were assessed. Findings showed that a rival's social communal attributes evoked highest levels of jealousy, and that, compared to men, women reported more jealousy in response to a rival's physical attractiveness...
March 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556954/role-of-chemerin-cmklr1-in-the-maintenance-of-early-pregnancy
#18
Xuezhou Yang, Junning Yao, Qipeng Wei, Jinhai Ye, Xiaofang Yin, Xiaozhen Quan, Yanli Lan, Hui Xing
Chemerin is a cytokine that attracts much attention in the reproductive process. This study aimed to explore the effects of chemerin and its receptor chemokine-like receptor 1 (CMKLR1) on the maintenance of early pregnancy. The expression levels of chemerin and CMKLR1 in the decidua tissues of 20 early normal pregnant women and 20 early spontaneous abortion women were examined byWestern blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction analyses. CMKLR1 receptor antagonist (α-NETA) was then intrauterinely injected into normal pregnant mice model to assess its effect on the outcome of pregnancy and the phosphorylation rate of ERK1/2 in decidua tissues...
March 17, 2018: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556924/decreased-expression-of-circulating-mir-20a-5p-in-south-african-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Carmen Pheiffer, Stephanie Dias, Paul Rheeder, Sumaiya Adam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In recent years circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have attracted interest as biomarkers of metabolic disease. MiRNA expression varies across population groups; thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether serum miRNAs that have previously been shown to be associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in other populations, are similarly regulated in South African women with GDM. METHODS: In this case-control study, women (n = 81) were selected from a prospective cohort study in which pregnant women were recruited at their first clinic visit and requested to return for fasting blood glucose concentration measurements and serum collection (median 27 weeks; range 13-31 weeks)...
March 19, 2018: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550749/ending-commercial-surrogacy-in-india-significance-of-the-surrogacy-regulation-bill-2016
#20
Olinda Timms
The introduction of the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016 into Parliament, in August 2016, was a much-awaited response to citizen voices and human rights groups calling for action in the unregulated area of commercial surrogacy arrangements. Both houses of Parliament have reviewed the Bill, and its fate was to be decided in the Winter Session of Parliament, 2017. It is still unclear whether the Bill will come up for decision in the Budget Session that will reconvene on March 5, 2018. The market for infertility treatments has attracted to India global clients seeking access to surrogates and procedures at lower costs...
March 5, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
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