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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641936/combined-vaginoplasty-technique-for-male-to-female-sex-reassignment-surgery-operative-approach-and-outcomes
#1
Nikolaos A Papadopulos, Dmitry Zavlin, Jean-Daniel Lellé, Peter Herschbach, Gerhard Henrich, Laszlo Kovacs, Benjamin Ehrenberger, Hans-Guenther Machens, Juergen Schaff
BACKGROUND: Several therapy options exist for male-to-female (MTF) transgenders desiring sex reassignment. Surgery includes numerous different procedures. Of those, vaginoplasty is predominant and aims at providing attractive esthetics and fully functional genitals. This study aimed to present the surgical results of our modified combined vaginoplasty technique in a consecutive patient cohort. METHODS: We included 40 MTF transgender patients who underwent a two-stage sex reassignment surgery (SRS) in an observational prospective study between September 2012 and January 2014...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639276/construction-of-meaningful-identities-in-the-context-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-motherhood-and-paid-work-a-meta-ethnography
#2
REVIEW
Helle Feddersen, Tine Mechlenborg Kristiansen, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen, Kim Hørslev-Petersen, Jette Primdahl
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To derive new conceptual understanding about how women with rheumatoid arthritis manage their illness, motherhood and paid work, based on a comprehensive overview of existing knowledge, gained from qualitative studies. BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis affects several social aspects of life; however, little is known about how women with rheumatoid arthritis simultaneously manage their illness, motherhood and paid work. DESIGN: Qualitative metasynthesis...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637069/-preference-changes-regarding-future-work-area-and-intended-position-among-german-residents-after-four-years-of-residency
#3
Stine Ziegler, Hendrik van den Bussche, Farina Römer, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Introduction We investigated the preferences of medical residents in Germany with regard to future working place (hospital or private practice) and position (employment/self-employment in private practice; resp. specialist/senior or chief physician in the hospital). This is analysed in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods Annual postal surveys among graduates of seven medical faculties in Germany from their last year ("Practical Year") until after four years of postgraduate training...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632091/a-phenomenological-study-of-romantic-love-for-women-in-late-life
#4
Teresa J Moore, Joanni L Sailor
Romantic love in late life is often beneficial, though not without challenges. Financial concerns and objections of adult children can interfere with a late-life individual's decision to commit to a romantic relationship. In this study, the experience of romantic love for women who enter committed relationships in later life was examined. Fourteen women between the ages of 65 and 84 who had lived the experience of romantic love in late life were interviewed. By using Moustakas's qualitative Transcendental Phenomenological method, several themes emerged to provide a description of the phenomena...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621958/-biomedical-perspective-of-the-surrogate-motherhood
#5
Nicolás Jouve de la Barreda
The subrogated motherhood takes place when an embryo created by in vitro fertilization (IVF) technology is implanted in a surrogate, sometimes called a gestational mother, by means a contract with her. It can imply to natural families (woman and man) with or without infertility problems, or to monoparental or biparental families of the same sex. Concerning the origin of the gametes used in the IVF emerges different implications on the genetic relationship of the resulting child with the surrogate and the future parents...
May 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612958/clinical-characteristics-and-salvage-management-of-persistent-cesarean-scar-pregnancy
#6
Xue Ying, Wei Zheng, Li Zhao, Mi Zhou, Zhengyun Chen
AIM: The study was conducted to illustrate the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with persistent cesarean scar pregnancy (PCSP). METHODS: During a six-year period, 38 cases of PCSP were diagnosed and treated conservatively to preserve fertility. The clinical presentations, imaging findings and treatment outcomes of these patients were reviewed. RESULTS: Fourteen out of 38 women (37%) presenting with PCSP suffered heavy vaginal bleeding...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605685/adopting-a-dyadic-perspective-to-better-understand-the-association-between-physical-attractiveness-and-dieting-motivations-and-behaviors
#7
Tania Reynolds, Andrea L Meltzer
The relationship between women's objective physical attractiveness and their dieting motivations and behaviors may depend upon their social environment-specifically, their romantic partners' attractiveness-such that less attractive women with more attractive partners may be particularly motivated to diet. Theoretically, men's dieting motivations should not depend on their partners' attractiveness. We tested this possibility using a sample of 223 U.S. newlywed spouses. After completing measures assessing dieting motivations, each participant was photographed; we used those photographs to code spouses' objective facial and body attractiveness...
June 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597143/sexual-orientation-gender-identity-and-romantic-relationships-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
J Dewinter, H De Graaf, S Begeer
This study compared sexual orientation and romantic relationship experience in a large sample of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (n = 675) and general population peers (n = 8064). Gender identity was explored in the ASD group in relation to assigned gender at birth. Compared to general population peers, more people with ASD, especially women, reported sexual attraction to both same- and opposite-sex partners. About half of the participants with ASD was in a relationship (heterosexual in most cases) and most of them lived with their partner...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594843/microbes-and-masculinity-does-exposure-to-pathogenic-cues-alter-women-s-preferences-for-male-facial-masculinity-and-beardedness
#9
Toneya L McIntosh, Anthony J Lee, Morgan J Sidari, Rebecca E Stower, James M Sherlock, Barnaby J W Dixson
Women's preferences for men's androgen dependent secondary sexual traits are proposed to be phenotypically plastic in response to exposure to pathogens and pathogen disgust. While previous studies report that masculinity in facial shape is more attractive to women who have recently been exposed to pathogenic cues and who are high in self-reported pathogen disgust, facial hair may reduce male attractiveness under conditions of high pathogens as beards are a possible breeding ground for disease carrying ectoparasites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588515/does-gender-of-administrator-matter-national-study-explores-u-s-university-administrators-attitudes-about-retaining-women-professors-in-stem
#10
Wendy M Williams, Agrima Mahajan, Felix Thoemmes, Susan M Barnett, Francoise Vermeylen, Brian M Cash, Stephen J Ceci
Omnipresent calls for more women in university administration presume women will prioritize using resources and power to increase female representation, especially in STEM fields where women are most underrepresented. However, empirical evidence is lacking for systematic differences in female vs. male administratorsŠ attitudes. Do female administrators agree on which strategies are best, and do men see things differently? We explored United States college and university administratorsŠ opinions regarding strategies, policies, and structural changes in their organizations designed to increase women professorsŠ representation and retention in STEM fields...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587263/iron-for-africa-report-of-an-expert-workshop
#11
Martin N Mwangi, Kamija S Phiri, Abdelhak Abkari, Mory Gbané, Raphaelle Bourdet-Sicard, Véronique Azaïs Braesco, Michael B Zimmermann, Andrew M Prentice
Scientific experts from nine countries gathered to share their views and experience around iron interventions in Africa. Inappropriate eating habits, infections and parasitism are responsible for significant prevalence of iron deficiency, but reliable and country-comparable prevalence estimates are lacking: improvements in biomarkers and cut-offs values adapted to context of use are needed. Benefits of iron interventions on growth and development are indisputable and outweigh risks, which exist in populations with a high infectious burden...
June 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580806/your-cheatin-voice-will-tell-on-you-detection-of-past-infidelity-from-voice
#12
Susan M Hughes, Marissa A Harrison
Evidence suggests that many physical, behavioral, and trait qualities can be detected solely from the sound of a person's voice, irrespective of the semantic information conveyed through speech. This study examined whether raters could accurately assess the likelihood that a person has cheated on committed, romantic partners simply by hearing the speaker's voice. Independent raters heard voice samples of individuals who self-reported that they either cheated or had never cheated on their romantic partners. To control for aspects that may clue a listener to the speaker's mate value, we used voice samples that did not differ between these groups for voice attractiveness, age, voice pitch, and other acoustic measures...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579040/autonomy-and-self-esteem-of-women-who-donate-to-an-oocyte-cryopreservation-bank-in-the-netherlands
#13
Marjolein R Bakker, Joyce Maas, Marrie H Bekker, Annelien L Bredenoord, Bart C Fauser, Annelies M Bos
Worldwide, oocyte donors donate voluntarily or receive varying amounts of money for donation. This raises ethical questions regarding the appropriateness of financial compensation, and the possibility of undue inducement and exploitation of oocyte donors. Are these donors capable of making an independent, well-considered decision? Regarding this matter, it is important to examine aspects such as autonomy-connectedness and self-esteem. In this cross-sectional study, demographic characteristics and donation motivations were assessed in 92 women who attended the University Medical Center (UMC) Utrecht as potential oocyte donors between June 2012 and July 2016...
May 17, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577965/estrogen-and-alzheimer-s-disease-still-an-attractive-topic-despite-disappointment-from-early-clinical-results
#14
Sara Merlo, Simona Federica Spampinato, Maria Angela Sortino
Since publication of the results of the Women Health Initiative Memory Study demonstrating that hormone therapy initiated late after menopause increases the risk of dementia in women, attempts have been made to identify a "critical window of intervention". In the meantime, basic research carried out in the last 10-15 years has reinforced the concept of a strong impact of estrogen in neuroprotection, moving also into novel directions that include characterization of estrogen's effect on non-neuronal cells, mitochondrial function, miRNA production and novel targets for their action in the central nervous system (CNS)...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577372/effects-of-objective-3-dimensional-measures-of-facial-shape-and-symmetry-on-perceptions-of-facial-attractiveness
#15
Cory D Hatch, George L Wehby, Nichole L Nidey, Lina M Moreno Uribe
PURPOSE: Meeting patient desires for enhanced facial esthetics requires that providers have standardized and objective methods to measure esthetics. The authors evaluated the effects of objective 3-dimensional (3D) facial shape and asymmetry measurements derived from 3D facial images on perceptions of facial attractiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 3D facial images of 313 adults in Iowa were digitized with 32 landmarks, and objective 3D facial measurements capturing symmetric and asymmetric components of shape variation, centroid size, and fluctuating asymmetry were obtained from the 3D coordinate data using geo-morphometric analyses...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574944/factors-motivating-medical-students-in-selecting-a-career-specialty-relevance-for-a-robust-orthopaedic-pipeline
#16
Raj D Rao, Omar N Khatib, Arnav Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Selection of a career specialty by medical students is a complex and individualized decision. Our goals were to understand the factors that influenced medical students in selecting their career specialty, identify the stage at which this decision was made, and understand the role of demographics, mentors, and curricula in this process. METHODS: Medical students from 10 institutions participated in a web-based survey. Results were stratified by sex, race/ethnicity, and level of interest in orthopaedic surgery...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571500/safety-of-oral-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-based-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-use-in-lactating-hiv-uninfected-women
#17
Kenneth K Mugwanya, Grace John-Stewart, Jared Baeten
In settings where HIV is prevalent in heterosexual populations, pregnancy and postpartum breastfeeding periods can be associated with substantial HIV acquisition risk. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with daily oral tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)/emtricitabine is an attractive HIV prevention option for women who are lactating but data are limited on its safety during the lactation period. Areas covered: We provide a concise synthesis and summary of current evidence on the safety of TDF-based PrEP during breastfeeding...
June 8, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569165/getting-off-on-the-wrong-foot-how-community-groups-in-zimbabwe-position-themselves-for-partnerships-with-external-agencies-in-the-hiv-response
#18
Morten Skovdal, Sitholubuhle Magutshwa-Zitha, Catherine Campbell, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson
BACKGROUND: Partnerships are core to global public health responses. The HIV field embraces partnership working, with growing attention given to the benefits of involving community groups in the HIV response. However, little has been done to unpack the social psychological foundation of partnership working between well-resourced organisations and community groups, and how community representations of partnerships and power asymmetries shape the formation of partnerships for global health...
June 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558313/fertility-affects-asymmetry-detection-not-symmetry-preference-in-assessments-of-3d-facial-attractiveness
#19
Michael B Lewis
Consistent with theories from evolutionary psychology, facial symmetry correlates with attractiveness. Further, the preference for symmetrical faces appears to be affected by fertility in women. One limitation of previous research is that faces are often symmetrically lit front-views and so symmetry can be assessed using 2D pictorial information. Another limitation is that two-alternative-forced-choice (2afc) tasks are often used to assess symmetry preference and these cannot distinguish between differences in preference for symmetry and differences in ability of asymmetry detection...
May 27, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557674/self-hypnosis-classes-to-enhance-the-quality-of-life-of-breast-cancer-patients
#20
Holly Forester-Miller
The Healing Skills Project, consisting of five, four-session self-hypnosis classes, was a pilot-study to evaluate the impact of self-hypnosis on the quality of life for breast cancer patients. The impact of self-hypnosis in women with breast cancer was measured using a self-report instrument, the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast, pre- and post-intervention (Brady, et al., 1997; Maratia, Cedillo, & Rejas, 2016). After employing the self-hypnosis interventions, statistically significant changes were noted on 16 of the 36 items, despite the small sample size (N = 23)...
July 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
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