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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211217/breast-shape-ptosis-as-a-marker-of-a-woman-s-breast-attractiveness-and-age-evidence-from-poland-and-papua
#1
Agata Groyecka, Agnieszka Żelaźniewicz, Michał Misiak, Maciej Karwowski, Piotr Sorokowski
OBJECTIVES: A women's breast is a sex-specific and aesthetic bodily attribute. It is suggested that breast morphology signals maturity, health, and fecundity. The perception of a woman's attractiveness and age depends on various cues, such as breast size or areola pigmentation. Conducted in Poland and Papua, the current study investigated how breast attractiveness, and the further estimate of a woman's age based on her breast's appearance, is affected by the occurrence of breast ptosis (ie, sagginess, droopiness)...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208179/a-quantitative-approach-to-determining-the-ideal-female-lip-aesthetic-and-its-effect-on-facial-attractiveness
#2
Natalie A Popenko, Prem B Tripathi, Zlatko Devcic, Koohyar Karimi, Kathryn Osann, Brian J F Wong
Importance: Aesthetic proportions of the lips and their effect on facial attractiveness are poorly defined. Established guidelines would aid practitioners in achieving optimal aesthetic outcomes during cosmetic augmentation. Objective: To assess the most attractive lip dimensions of white women based on attractiveness ranking of surface area, ratio of upper to lower lip, and dimensions of the lip surface area relative to the lower third of the face. Design, Setting, and Participants: In phase 1 of this study, synthetic morph frontal digital images of the faces of 20 white women ages 18 to 25 years old were used to generate 5 varied lip surface areas for each face...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202512/tumor-associated-neutrophils-and-macrophages-promote-gender-disparity-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-zebrafish
#3
Chuan Yan, Qiqi Yang, Zhiyuan Gong
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurs more frequently and aggressively in men than women, but the mechanistic basis of this gender disparity is obscure. Chronic inflammation is a major etiological factor in HCC, so we investigated the role of cortisol in gender discrepancy in a zebrafish model of HCC. Inducible expression of oncogenic KrasV12 in hepatocytes of transgenic zebrafish resulted in accelerated liver tumor progression in males. These tumors were more heavily infiltrated with tumor-associated neutrophils (TAN) and macrophages (TAM) versus females, and they both showed pro-tumor gene expression and promoted tumor progression...
February 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196257/association-between-use-of-a-scalp-cooling-device-and-alopecia-after-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer
#4
Hope S Rugo, Paula Klein, Susan Anitra Melin, Sara A Hurvitz, Michelle E Melisko, Anne Moore, Glen Park, Jules Mitchel, Erika Bågeman, Ralph B D'Agostino, Elizabeth S Ver Hoeve, Laura Esserman, Tessa Cigler
Importance: Chemotherapy-induced alopecia is a common and distressing adverse effect. In previous studies of scalp cooling to prevent chemotherapy-induced alopecia, conclusions have been limited. Objectives: To evaluate whether use of a scalp cooling system is associated with a lower amount of hair loss among women receiving specific chemotherapy regimens for early-stage breast cancer and to assess related changes in quality of life. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective cohort study conducted at 5 US medical centers of women with stage I or II breast cancer receiving adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens excluding sequential or combination anthracycline and taxane (106 patients in the scalp cooling group and 16 in the control group; 14 matched by both age and chemotherapy regimen)...
February 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190468/curcuma-aeruginosa-roxb-essential-oil-slows-hair-growth-and-lightens-skin-in-axillae-a-randomised-double-blinded-trial
#5
Jukkarin Srivilai, Preeyawass Phimnuan, Jiraporn Jaisabai, Nantakarn Luangtoomma, Neti Waranuch, Nantaka Khorana, Wudtichai Wisuitiprot, C Norman Scholfield, Katechan Champachaisri, Kornkanok Ingkaninan
BACKGROUND: Androgenic hair-growth contributes to secondary gender characteristics but can be troublesome in women. Inhibiting axillary hair-growth via 5-α-reductases using the Thai medicinal plant, Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb. is an attractive treatment strategy. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: C. aeruginosa essential oil (CA-oil) formulated as a lotion is an efficacious and safe inhibitor of axillary hair growth. STUDY DESIGN: This trial was a single center, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled 10 weeks, intervention in 60 women (18-23 years) and 2 weeks washout with axillary hair length was the primary end-point...
February 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181992/women-prefer-men-who-use-metaphorical-language-when-paying-compliments-in-a-romantic-context
#6
Zhao Gao, Shan Gao, Lei Xu, Xiaoxiao Zheng, Xiaole Ma, Lizhu Luo, Keith M Kendrick
Language plays an important role in romantic attachment. However, it is unclear whether the structure and topic of language use might influence potential mate choice. We investigated 124 female students' preference for compliments paid by males incorporating either literal or metaphoric (conventional/novel) language and targeting their appearance or possessions (house) throughout their menstrual cycle. Male faces paired with novel metaphorical compliments were rated as more attractive by women than those paired with literal ones...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176027/prenatal-influences-on-human-sexual-orientation-expectations-versus-data
#7
S Marc Breedlove
In non-human vertebrate species, sexual differentiation of the brain is primarily driven by androgens such as testosterone organizing the brains of males in a masculine fashion early in life, while the lower levels of androgen in developing females organize their brains in a feminine fashion. These principles may be relevant to the development of sexual orientation in humans, because retrospective markers of prenatal androgen exposure, namely digit ratios and otoacoustic emissions, indicate that lesbians, on average, were exposed to greater prenatal androgen than were straight women...
February 7, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155897/predictors-of-facial-attractiveness-and-health-in-humans
#8
Yong Zhi Foo, Leigh W Simmons, Gillian Rhodes
Facial attractiveness has been suggested to provide signals of biological quality, particularly health, in humans. The attractive traits that have been implicated as signals of biological quality include sexual dimorphism, symmetry, averageness, adiposity, and carotenoid-based skin colour. In this study, we first provide a comprehensive examination of the traits that predict attractiveness. In men, attractiveness was predicted positively by masculinity, symmetry, averageness, and negatively by adiposity. In women, attractiveness was predicted positively by femininity and negatively by adiposity...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148245/from-practice-employee-to-co-owner-young-gps-predict-their-future-careers-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Luzia Birgit Gisler, Marius Bachofner, Cora Nina Moser-Bucher, Nathalie Scherz, Sven Streit
BACKGROUND: In Switzerland, the mean age of GPs in 1993 was 46. In 2015, it had increased to 55, and GPs over 65 made up 15% of the workforce of the about 6000 GPs. As older, self-employed GPs retire, young doctors will be needed to fill their positions and eventually take over their practices. We set out to determine what kind of employment young GPs wanted, if they thought their preference would change over time, and the working conditions and factors most important in their choice of practice...
February 2, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147709/an-eye-tracking-examination-of-men-s-attractiveness-by-conceptive-risk-women
#10
Ray Garza, Roberto R Heredia, Anna B Cieślicka
Previous research has indicated that women prefer men who exhibit an android physical appearance where fat distribution is deposited on the upper body (i.e., shoulders and arms) and abdomen. This ideal physical shape has been associated with perceived dominance, health, and immunocompetence. Although research has investigated attractability of men with these ideal characteristics, research on how women visually perceive these characteristics is limited. The current study investigated visual perception and attraction toward men in Hispanic women of Mexican American descent...
March 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141596/comparison-of-mycoplasma-ies-mycofast-revolution-and-mycoplasma-ist2-to-detect-genital-mycoplasmas-in-clinical-samples
#11
Tiziana D'Inzeo, Giulia De Angelis, Barbara Fiori, Giulia Menchinelli, Flora Marzia Liotti, Grazia Angela Morandotti, Flavio De Maio, Domenico Nagel, Marco Antonaci, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Teresa Spanu
INTRODUCTION: Culture is regarded as the gold standard for the detection of genital mycoplasma in clinical samples. Commercially available diagnostic kits, based on liquid broth cultures, provide interesting alternatives to conventional culture. We assessed the laboratory performances of Mycoplasma IES (IES), the Mycofast Revolution (REV) and Mycoplasma IST 2 (IST2) compared to A7 agar plates for the detection of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis in clinical samples. METHODOLOGY: From April to July 2013, endocervical or vaginal samples were collected from sexually active women with abnormal vaginal discharge...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140778/psychosocial-well-being-of-young-people-who-participated-in-a-support-group-following-the-loss-of-a-parent-to-cancer
#12
Mariann Olsson, Tina Lundberg, Carl Johan Fürst, Joakim Öhlén, Ulla Forinder
Despite the evidence of unmet support needs among young people who have lost a parent to cancer, only a few support group initiatives have been reported. This observational prospective study explored the psychosocial well-being of young people who participated in support groups at a Swedish specialist palliative care setting. On three occasions, 29 participants, aged 16-28 years, answered questionnaires covering characteristics of the participants, circumstances of the losses, psychosocial well-being of the young people, and their own assessment of the support groups...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130745/sex-attracts-neural-correlates-of-sexual-preference-under-cognitive-demand
#13
Kirsten Jordan, Katrin Wieser, Isabel Methfessel, Peter Fromberger, Peter Dechent, Jürgen L Müller
Neurofunctional correlates of sexual arousal are of interest in basic research as well as in clinical science. In forensic psychiatry, it is important to use designs which are potentially robust against susceptibility to manipulation or deception. We tested a new design to measure neurofunctional correlates of sexual preference. Twenty-two healthy heterosexual men had to solve a mental rotation task while sexually preferred or non-preferred distractors were presented simultaneously. With this challenging active task, subjects' possibility to manipulate their response to the sexual stimuli should be lower than in easier tasks and in passive designs...
January 27, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125247/development-and-validation-of-a-tailored-measure-of-body-image-for-pregnant-women
#14
Brittany Watson, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Jaclyn Broadbent, Helen Skouteris
This study developed and validated a quantitative measure of body image specifically designed for pregnancy-the Body Image in Pregnancy Scale (BIPS). Scale development was guided by qualitative data from a series of studies exploring the meaning of women's body image experiences during pregnancy, and previously established body image measures. Exploratory factor analysis for a sample of pregnant women (n = 251) indicated good fit for a 36-item scale with seven factors: preoccupation with physical appearance, dissatisfaction with physical strength, dissatisfaction with facial features, sexual attractiveness, prioritizing physical appearance over body functioning, appearance-related behavioral avoidance, and dissatisfaction with body parts...
January 26, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112772/protein-enrichment-of-familiar-foods-as-an-innovative-strategy-to-increase-protein-intake-in-institutionalized-elderly
#15
J Beelen, N M de Roos, L C P G M de Groot
OBJECTIVE: To increase the protein intake of older adults, protein enrichment of familiar foods and drinks might be an effective and attractive alternative for oral nutritional supplements (ONS). We performed a pilot study to test whether these products could help institutionalized elderly to reach a protein intake of 1.2 gram per kg body weight per day (g/kg/d). DESIGN: Intervention study with one treatment group (no control group). Dietary assessment was done before and at the end of a 10-day intervention...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103978/-cosmetological-thinking-and-methods-in-tcm-in-the-sui-tang-dynasty
#16
Y J Wu
In the heyday of Chinese feudal society, women's status in the society of the Sui-Tang period was improved in the Tang Dynasty.The demand for female to stay young and anti-aging had attracted lots of attention in the society, thus providing a favorable social environment for the formation and development of Chinese herbal cosmetology. The important representative medical works on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were published in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, such as Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold), Qian jin yi fang (Supplement to Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), Wai tai mi yao (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) etc...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103935/a-pragmatic-examination-of-active-and-passive-recruitment-methods-to-improve-the-reach-of-community-lifestyle-programs-the-talking-health-trial
#17
Paul Estabrooks, Wen You, Valisa Hedrick, Margaret Reinholt, Erin Dohm, Jamie Zoellner
BACKGROUND: A primary challenge for behavior change strategies is ensuring that interventions can be effective while also attracting a broad and representative sample of the target population. The purpose of this case-study was to report on (1) the reach of a randomized controlled trial targeting reduced sugary beverages, (2) potential participant characteristic differences based on active versus passive recruitment strategies, and (3) recruitment strategy cost. METHODS: Demographic and recruitment information was obtained for 8 counties and for individuals screened for participation...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100761/the-acceptability-of-self-sampled-screening-for-hpv-dna-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Erik J Nelson, Brandy R Maynard, Travis Loux, Jessica Fatla, Rebecca Gordon, Lauren D Arnold
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether or not self-sampled cervical screening for human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA is acceptable and if women prefer self-sampling to clinician-based sampling. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Thirty-seven primary studies obtained through a comprehensive search of six electronic bibliographic databases from 1986 to 2014 and other sources. Search keywords included HPV, screening, DNA testing, vaginal testing, self-collected specimen, self-collected sample, self-sampling, self-screening, preferences and acceptability...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100507/efficacy-of-iron-supplement-bars-to-reduce-anemia-in-urban-indian-women-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Rajvi Mehta, Alyssa C Platt, Xizi Sun, Mukesh Desai, Dennis Clements, Elizabeth L Turner
BACKGROUND: India's high prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia has largely been attributed to the local diet consisting of nonheme iron, which has lower absorption than that of heme iron. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the efficacy of the consumption of iron-supplement bars in raising hemoglobin concentrations and hematocrit percentages in anemic (hemoglobin concentration <12 g/dL) Indian women of reproductive age. DESIGN: The Let's be Well Red study was a 90-d, pair-matched, cluster-randomized controlled trial...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089703/to-each-its-own-gender-differences-in-affective-autonomic-and-behavioral-responses-to-same-sex-and-opposite-sex-visual-sexual-stimuli
#20
Michela Sarlo, Giulia Buodo
A large body of research on gender differences in response to erotic stimuli has focused on genital and/or subjective sexual arousal. On the other hand, studies assessing gender differences in emotional psychophysiological responding to sexual stimuli have only employed erotic pictures of male-female couples or female/male nudes. The present study aimed at investigating differences between gynephilic men and androphilic women in emotional responding to visual sexual stimuli depicting female-male, female-female and male-male couples...
January 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
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