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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021177/men-s-preferences-for-women-s-body-odours-are-not-associated-with-human-leucocyte-antigen
#1
Fabian Probst, Urs Fischbacher, Janek S Lobmaier, Urs Wirthmüller, Daria Knoch
Body odours reportedly portray information about an individual's genotype at the major histocompatibility complex (MHC, called human leucocyte antigen, HLA, in humans). While there is strong experimental support for MHC-associated mating behaviour in animals, the situation in humans is more complex. A lot of effort has been spent on testing HLA-associated odour preferences of women. To date, only very few studies have looked at HLA-linked olfactory preferences in men and these studies have revealed inconsistent results...
October 11, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020539/the-exposure-effects-of-online-model-pictures-and-weight-related-persuasive-messages-on-women-s-weight-loss-planned-behaviors
#2
Wenjing Pan, Jorge Peña
This study examined how exposure to pictures of women with different body sizes (thin, obese), physical attractiveness levels (attractive, unattractive), along with exposure to weight-related messages (pro-anorexia, anti-anorexia) embedded in a fashion website affected female participants' planned behavior toward weight loss. Participants exposed to attractive model pictures showed higher intentions, attitudes, and subjective norms to lose weight compared with unattractive models. Additionally, participants exposed to thin and attractive model pictures indicated the highest attitudes and self-efficacy to lose weight, whereas those exposed to thin and unattractive model pictures indicated the lowest...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988997/offering-smoking-treatment-to-primary-care-patients-in-two-wisconsin-healthcare-systems-who-chooses-smoking-reduction-versus-cessation
#3
Angela Petersen, Robin Mermelstein, Kristin M Berg, Timothy B Baker, Stevens S Smith, Doug Jorenby, Megan E Piper, Tanya R Schlam, Jessica W Cook
Smokers unwilling to make a quit attempt can still benefit from smoking intervention. However, it is unclear what proportion of smokers will enter such a Motivation phase intervention, and whether such an intervention attracts different types of smokers than does abstinence oriented treatment. We conducted a study from June 2010 to October 2013 based on a chronic care model of tobacco treatment among study eligible primary care patients (N=1579; 58% women, 89% White) presenting for regular health care visits in southern Wisconsin, U...
October 6, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988064/positive-appearance-and-functionality-reflections-can-improve-body-satisfaction-but-do-not-protect-against-idealised-media-exposure
#4
Kate E Mulgrew, Nicole L Stalley, Marika Tiggemann
We tested the effectiveness of a positive appearance or functionality reflective writing task on women's body satisfaction and whether these writing task reflections offered any protective advantage when exposed to idealised imagery. Young adult women (N=230; Mage=23years) wrote about positive elements of either their appearance or their body's functionality, and then were exposed to images of scenery, or thin and attractive models presented in posed or active form. Direction and amount of social comparison were also examined...
October 5, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978250/put-a-limbal-ring-on-it-women-perceive-men-s-limbal-rings-as-a-health-cue-in-short-term-mating-domains
#5
Mitch Brown, Donald F Sacco
Limbal rings are dark annuli encircling the iris that fluctuate in visibility based on health and age. Research also indicates their presence augments facial attractiveness. Given individuals' prioritization of health cues in short-term mates, those with limbal rings may be implicated as ideal short-term mates. Three studies tested whether limbal rings serve as veridical health cues, specifically the extent to which this cue enhances a person's value as a short-term mating partner. In Study 1, targets with limbal rings were rated as healthier, an effect that was stronger for female participants and male targets...
October 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974905/recent-advances-in-recurrent-urinary-tract-infection-from-pathogenesis-and-biomarkers-to-prevention
#6
REVIEW
Jia-Fong Jhang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
Recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) might be one of the most common problems in urological clinics. Recent research has revealed novel evidence about recurrent UTI and it should be considered a different disease from the first infection. The pathogenesis of recurrent UTI might include two mechanisms, bacterial factors and deficiencies in host defense. Bacterial survival in the urinary bladder after antibiotic treatment and progression to form intracellular bacterial communities might be the most important bacterial factors...
July 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969624/why-women-choose-compounded-bioidentical-hormone-therapy-lessons-from-a-qualitative-study-of-menopausal-decision-making
#7
Jennifer Jo Thompson, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Mark Nichter
BACKGROUND: In recent years, compounded bioidentical hormone therapy (CBHT) has emerged as a popular alternative to manufactured, FDA approved hormone therapy (HT)-despite concerns within the medical community and the availability of new FDA approved "bioidentical" products. This study aims to characterize the motivations for using CBHT in a U.S. sample of ordinary midlife women. METHODS: We analyze data collected from 21 current and former users of CBHT who participated in a larger qualitative study of menopausal decision-making among U...
October 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967640/endometrial-stromal-cells-isolation-expansion-morphological-and-functional-properties
#8
A V Zlatska, A E Rodnichenko, O S Gubar, D O Zubov, S N Novikova, R G Vasyliev
AIM: We aimed to study biological properties of human endometrial stromal cells in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The endometrium samples (n = 5) were obtained by biopsy at the first phase of the menstrual cycle from women with endometrial hypoplasia. In all cases, a voluntary written informed consent was obtained from the patients. Endometrial fragments were dissociated by enzymatic treatment. The cells were cultured in DMEM/F12 supplemented with 10% FBS, 2 mМ L-glutamine and 1 ng/ml FGF-2 in a multi-gas incubator at 5% CO2 and 5% O2...
September 2017: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965552/development-of-in%C3%A2-vitro-maturation-techniques-for-clinical-applications
#9
REVIEW
Zhi-Yong Yang, Ri-Cheng Chian
In vitro maturation (IVM) refers to maturation in culture of immature oocytes at different stages that may or may not have been exposed to short courses of gonadotropins. The source of immature oocytes is an important feature for subsequent embryonic development, pregnancy, and healthy live births. IVM is an effective treatment that has already achieved significant outcomes of acceptable pregnancy and implantation rates and has led to the births of several thousand healthy babies. As the development of IVM treatment continues, an attractive possibility for improving the already successful outcome is to combine a natural-cycle in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment with immature-oocyte retrieval followed by IVM of those immature oocytes...
October 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962730/differences-in-attractiveness-comparing-female-profile-modifications-of-class-ii-division-1-malocclusion
#10
Aylin Gözde Yüksel, Sebahat Yesim Iskender, Reinder Kuitert, Alexandra K Papadopoulou, Kerem Dalci, M Ali Darendeliler, Oyku Dalci
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to study the perceptions of laypeople for digital alterations and the amount of nasolabial angle increase that is tolerable and how much chin-neck length increase is needed to achieve a desirable profile in Class II Division 1 women with mandibular retrognathia. METHODS: The profile image of a white woman with a Class II Division 1 mandibular rethrognatic profile was digitally modified to create 6 images: 3 with stepwise increased nasolabial angles of 113°, 121°, and 129°, and 3 with stepwise increased chin-neck distances of 51, 54, and 57 mm...
October 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961160/assessing-and-validating-an-educational-resource-package-for-health-professionals-to-improve-smoking-cessation-care-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-pregnant-women
#11
Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Billie Bonevski, Maree Gruppetta, Jennifer Reath, Gillian S Gould
Australian Aboriginal pregnant women have a high smoking prevalence (45%). Health professionals lack adequate educational resources to manage smoking. Resources need to be tailored to ensure saliency, cultural-sensitivity and account for diversity of Indigenous populations. As part of an intervention to improve health professionals' smoking cessation care in Aboriginal pregnant women, a resource package was developed collaboratively with two Aboriginal Medical Services. The purpose of this study was to assess and validate this resource package...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951085/cost-effectiveness-of-a-potential-group-b-streptococcal-vaccine-for-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states
#12
Sun-Young Kim, Chi Nguyen, Louise B Russell, Sara Tomczyk, Fatimah Abdul-Hakeem, Stephanie J Schrag, Jennifer R Verani, Anushua Sinha
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) for pregnant women colonized with group B streptococcus (GBS) has reduced GBS disease in the first week of life (early-onset/EOGBS). Nonetheless, GBS remains a leading cause of neonatal sepsis, including 1000 late-onset (LOGBS) cases annually. A maternal vaccine under development could prevent EOGBS and LOGBS. METHODS: Using a decision-analytic model, we compared the public health impact, costs, and cost-effectiveness of five strategies to prevent GBS disease in infants: (1) no prevention; (2) currently recommended screening/IAP; (3) maternal GBS immunization; (4) maternal immunization with IAP when indicated for unimmunized women; (5) maternal immunization plus screening/IAP for all women...
October 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946754/does-alcohol-catch-the-eye-investigating-young-adults-attention-to-alcohol-consumption
#13
Eveline Vincke, Patrick Vyncke
Many studies on young adults' motivations for drinking overlook the symbolic aspects of alcohol use. However, research indicates that young adults' alcohol consumption is also driven by signaling motivations. Although the interest of a receiver is a necessary prerequisite of a signal, no previous studies have verified whether drinking behavior indeed attracts young adults' attention. Therefore, we conducted two studies. A two-part eye-tracking study ( N1 = 135, N2 = 140) showed that both young men and young women pay special visual attention to male and female drinking behavior...
July 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943815/bisexuality-minority-stress-and-health
#14
Brian A Feinstein, Christina Dyar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bisexual individuals are at increased risk for negative health outcomes compared to heterosexual individuals and often compared to gay/lesbian individuals as well. The goal of this article is to summarize the current evidence-base on bisexual health disparities, to describe factors that influence them, and to review interventions designed to improve the health of bisexual individuals. RECENT FINDINGS: Based on our review of the literature, we conclude that there is strong evidence that bisexual individuals are at increased risk for mental health and substance use problems...
March 2017: Current Sexual Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942113/novel-serms-based-on-3-aryl-4-aryloxy-2h-chromen-2-one-skeleton-a-possible-way-to-dual-er%C3%AE-vegfr-2-ligands-for-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#15
Guoshun Luo, Xinyu Li, Guoqing Zhang, Chengzhe Wu, Zhengpu Tang, Linyi Liu, Qidong You, Hua Xiang
There is considerable interest in developing new SERMs as multifunctional agents in women's health. Development of dual selective estrogen receptor modulators/VEGFR-2 inhibitors (SERMs/V-2I) has been an attractive strategy for the discovery of new breast cancer therapeutic agents. Our previous efforts led to the preparation of a series of 3-aryl-4-anilino-2H-chromen-2-ones endowed with potent estrogen receptor binding affinity and anti-proliferative efficacy. In this study, various structurally related 3-aryl-4-anilino/aryloxy-2H-chromen-2-one analogues were rationally designed, synthesized and evaluated as a new chemo-type of dual ERα and VEGFR-2 inhibitors...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937785/gaining-access-to-providing-medical-care-to-male-sport-teams-the-female-athletic-trainer-perspective
#16
Alicia Pike, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Jessica L Barrett
CONTEXT:   Female athletic trainers (ATs) can face barriers to employment within the profession. Although there is evidence for an increasing percentage of women in athletic training, the portion providing medical care to male sport teams within the professional sport and collegiate settings continues to be small. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the experiences of female ATs when seeking employment with male sport teams within the Division I setting. DESIGN:   Qualitative study...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934363/sex-related-differences-in-the-risk-factors-for-in-hospital-mortality-and-outcomes-of-ischemic-stroke-patients-in-rural-areas-of-taiwan
#17
Cheung-Ter Ong, Yi-Sin Wong, Sheng-Feng Sung, Chi-Shun Wu, Yung-Chu Hsu, Yu-Hsiang Su, Ling-Chien Hung
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sex-related differences in the clinical presentation and outcomes of stroke patients are issues that have attracted increased interest from the scientific community. The present study aimed to investigate sex-related differences in the risk factors for in-hospital mortality and outcome in ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: A total of 4278 acute ischemic stroke patients admitted to a stroke unit between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2014 were included in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926777/experience-as-knowledge-disability-distillation-and-reprogenetic-decision-making
#18
Felicity K Boardman
'Experiential knowledge' is increasingly recognised as an important influence on reproductive decision-making. 'Experiential knowledge of disability' in particular is a significant resource within prenatal testing/screening contexts, enabling prospective parents to imagine and appraise future lives affected by disability. However, the concept of 'experiential knowledge' has been widely critiqued for its idiosyncrasy, its impermanence and consequently its perceived inferiority to (medical) knowledge. This paper explores some of these key critiques of experiential knowledge through an analysis of its constitution and uses in the context of reproductive decision-making...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923129/a-cinema-for-the-unborn-moving-pictures-mental-pictures-and-electra-sparks-s-new-thought-film-theory
#19
Patrick Ellis
In the 1910s, New York suffragette Electra Sparks wrote a series of essays in the Moving Picture News that advocated for cine-therapy treatments for pregnant women. Film was, in her view, the great democratizer of beautiful images, providing high-cultural access to the city's poor. These positive 'mental pictures' were important for her because, she claimed, in order to produce an attractive, healthy child, the mother must be exposed to quality cultural material. Sparks's championing of cinema during its 'second birth' was founded upon the premise of New Thought...
September 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921999/predictive-validity-and-adjustment-of-ideal-partner-preferences-across-the-transition-into-romantic-relationships
#20
Tanja M Gerlach, Ruben C Arslan, Thomas Schultze, Selina K Reinhard, Lars Penke
Although empirical research has investigated what we ideally seek in a romantic partner for decades, the crucial question of whether ideal partner preferences actually guide our mating decisions in real life has remained largely unanswered. One reason for this is the lack of designs that assess individuals' ideal partner preferences before entering a relationship and then follow up on them over an extended period. In the Göttingen Mate Choice Study (GMCS), a preregistered, large-scale online study, we used such a naturalistic prospective design...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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