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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730303/exhaled-breath-online-measurement-for-cervical-cancer-patients-and-healthy-subjects-by-proton-transfer-reaction-mass-spectrometry
#1
Wenzhao Zhou, Chaoqun Huang, Xue Zou, Yan Lu, Chengyin Shen, Xiping Ding, Hongzhi Wang, Haihe Jiang, Yannan Chu
Cervical cancer is a common cancer among women and has a high morbidity and mortality. The traditional clinical methods for cervical cancer screening are invasive and limited in terms of cost and time. There is an unmet clinical need for new methods to aid clinicians in the rapid screening and auxiliary diagnosis of cervical precancer. Recently, breath analysis has become an attractive approach for investigation of cancer biomarkers and shows great potential in cancer screening owing to its high sensitivity, quickness, and non-invasive nature...
July 20, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727930/visual-perception-of-british-women-s-skin-color-distribution-in-two-nonindustrialized-societies-the-maasai-and-the-tsimane
#2
Bernhard Fink, Marina Butovskaya, Piotr Sorokowski, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Paul J Matts
In women with lightly pigmented skin in particular, facial skin color homogeneity decreases with age, primarily due to chronic exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR), leading to a decrease in perceived health and attractiveness. Perception of female skin may be influenced by continuous exposure to, and thus familiarity with, age-related changes in visible skin condition in a given society. Men and women of two traditional societies, the Maasai (Tanzania) and the Tsimane' (Bolivia), unfamiliar with lighter colored skin, judged images of British women's facial skin for age, health, and attractiveness...
July 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719918/-the-wish-for-a-child-in-the-case-of-permanent-infertility-development-of-the-german-questionnaire-on-attitudes-toward-motherhood
#3
Maike Fliegner, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Kerstin Krupp, Franziska Brunner
Study 1 Development of the questionnaire Most questionnaires on attitudes toward motherhood presume that the subject is fertile and positive and negative attitudes are represented on a one-dimensional scale. Moreover, the questionnaires often do not provide German versions and German norms. The aim of this study is to examine whether the German Questionnaire on Attitudes toward Motherhood ("FEMu") can be used to describe attitudes toward motherhood multi-dimensionally and whether it is applicable independent of a person's fertility status...
July 18, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715555/application-of-a-lifestyle-based-tool-to-estimate-premature-cardiovascular-disease-events-in-young-adults-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#4
Holly C Gooding, Hongyan Ning, Matthew W Gillman, Christina Shay, Norrina Allen, David C Goff, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephanie Chiuve
Importance: Few tools exist for assessing the risk for early atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events in young adults. Objective: To assess the performance of the Healthy Heart Score (HHS), a lifestyle-based tool that estimates ASCVD events in older adults, for ASCVD events occurring before 55 years of age. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included 4893 US adults aged 18 to 30 years from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715233/betrayals-in-emerging-adulthood-a-developmental-perspective-of-infidelity
#5
Jerika C Norona, Spencer B Olmstead, Deborah P Welsh
Infidelity is associated with considerable distress and discord in dating relationships. The current mixed methods study examined both the written narratives and survey responses of 104 (59.6% women) emerging adults to investigate reasons for engaging in infidelity (i.e., sexual and emotional infidelity). Emerging adults' reasons for engaging in infidelity were attributed primarily to their primary relationships and/or their romantic partners not fulfilling their needs for interdependence and thus feeling motivated to fulfill these needs elsewhere...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702913/time-series-analysis-of-ambient-air-pollution-effects-on-daily-mortality
#6
Yinsheng Guo, Yue Ma, Yanwei Zhang, Suli Huang, Yongsheng Wu, Shuyuan Yu, Fei Zou, Jinquan Cheng
Although the growths of ambient pollutants have been attracting public concern, the characteristic of the associations between air pollutants and mortality remains elusive. Time series analysis with a generalized additive model was performed to estimate the associations between ambient air pollutants and mortality outcomes in Shenzhen City for the period of 2012-2014. The results showed that nitrogen dioxide (NO2)-induced excess risks (ER) of total non-accidental mortality and cardiovascular mortality were significantly increased (6...
July 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702867/exercise-to-support-indigenous-pregnant-women-to-stop-smoking-acceptability-to-m%C3%A4-ori
#7
Vaughan Roberts, Marewa Glover, Lesley McCowan, Natalie Walker, Michael Ussher, Ihirangi Heke, Ralph Maddison
Objectives Smoking during pregnancy is harmful for the woman and the unborn child, and the harms raise risks for the child going forward. Indigenous women often have higher rates of smoking prevalence than non-indigenous. Exercise has been proposed as a strategy to help pregnant smokers to quit. Māori (New Zealand Indigenous) women have high rates of physical activity suggesting that an exercise programme to aid quitting could be an attractive initiative. This study explored attitudes towards an exercise programme to aid smoking cessation for Māori pregnant women...
July 12, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701153/cost-effectiveness-of-an-ambulance-based-referral-system-for-emergency-obstetrical-and-neonatal-care-in-rural-ethiopia
#8
Sandro Accorsi, Edgardo Somigliana, Hagos Solomon, Tsegaye Ademe, Jofrey Woldegebriel, Biadgo Almaz, Mohammed Zemedu, Fabio Manenti, Akalu Tibebe, Pasquale Farese, Aberra Seifu, Serena Menozzi, Giovanni Putoto
BACKGROUND: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of an ambulance-based referral system an dedicated to emergency obstetrics and neonatal care (EmONC) in remote sub-Saharan settings. METHODS: In this prospective study performed in Oromiya Region (Ethiopia), all obstetrical cases referred to the hospital with the ambulance were consecutively evaluated during a three-months period. The health professionals who managed the referred cases were requested to identify those that could be considered as undoubtedly effective...
July 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697858/accelerated-partial-breast-irradiation-for-elderly-women-with-early-breast-cancer-a-compromise-between-whole-breast-irradiation-and-omission-of-radiotherapy
#9
Shakeel Sumodhee, Johan Levy, Emmanuel Chamorey, Daniel Lam Cham Kee, Marie-Eve Chand, Mathieu Gautier, Isabelle Peyrottes, Emmanuel Barranger, Jean-Michel Hannoun-Levi
PURPOSE: Regarding adjuvant radiation therapy making decision for elderly women, Albert (2013) published a nomogram predicting the mastectomy-free survival (MFS) rate with or without adjuvant irradiation. Based on this approach, we proposed to investigate the use of accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) vs. whole breast irradiation (WBI) or endocrine therapy alone in elderly low-risk breast cancer patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: For each elderly woman treated by conserving surgery and APBI (multicatheter interstitial high-dose-rate brachytherapy), 5- and 10-year MFS rates were calculated...
July 8, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687543/injury-epidemiology-of-tennis-players-at-the-2011-2016-australian-open-grand-slam
#10
Danielle T Gescheit, Stuart J Cormack, Rob Duffield, Stephanie Kovalchik, Tim O Wood, Melanie Omizzolo, Machar Reid
AIM: To examine the epidemiology and in-event treatment frequency of injury at the 2011-2016 Australian Open tournaments. METHODS: Injury incidence was defined as a medical consultation by a tournament physician and in-event treatment frequency as the mean total number of follow-up medical/physiotherapy consultations (2013-2016 tournaments only). Data were collated by sex, injury region and type and reported as frequencies per 10 000 game exposures. Incidence rate s± 95% CI and rate ratios were used to test effects for injury, sex and year...
July 7, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683322/stromal-cell-derived-factor-1-mediates-immune-cell-attraction-upon-urinary-tract-infection
#11
Batya Isaacson, Tehila Hadad, Ariella Glasner, Chamutal Gur, Zvi Granot, Gilad Bachrach, Ofer Mandelboim
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common type of bacterial infection in humans. Fifty percent of all women will experience at least one UTI in their lifetime, with uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) accounting for 80% of reported cases. UTI evokes a complex, well-timed immune response that is crucial for bacterial clearance. The majority of immune cells participating in the immune response are absent from the healthy bladder, and the mechanisms used to recruit them upon UTI are not fully understood...
July 5, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681373/the-role-of-tumor-associated-macrophage-in-breast-cancer-biology
#12
REVIEW
Junjeong Choi, Jones Gyamfi, Haerin Jang, Ja Seung Koo
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignant tumor in women worldwide and contributes significantly as the primary cause of female cancer related mortality. Hence, research is focused on discovering new and effective treatment targets. The breast tumor microenvironment (TME) comprising of recruited host stromal cells and tumor cells, has recently emerged as an important player in tumor progression, with the potential for future treatment. The TME comprises immune system elements (such as macrophages and lymphocytes), cells composing blood vessel, fibroblast, myofibroblast, mesenchymal stem cells, adipocytes and extracellular matrix (ECM)...
July 6, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679306/own-attractiveness-and-dissatisfaction-with-physical-appearance-independently-predict-the-salience-of-facial-cues-to-size-when-women-judge-other-women-s-attractiveness
#13
Christopher D Watkins
While facial cues to body size are a valid guide to health and attractiveness, it is unclear whether the observer's own condition predicts the salience of (low) size as a cue to female attractiveness. The current study examines whether measures related to women's own attractiveness/appearance predict the extent to which they use facial cues to size to differentiate other women on the attractiveness dimension. Women completed a body mass index (BMI) preference task, where they indicated their preference for high- versus low-BMI versions of the same woman, provided data to calculate their BMI and completed various psychometric measures (self-rated attractiveness/health, dissatisfaction with physical appearance)...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675665/effects-of-different-rehabilitation-models-on-erythrocyte-deformability-and-nitrite-plus-nitrate-as-end-products-of-nitric-oxide-levels-in-elderly-women
#14
Katarzyna Filar-Mierzwa, Barbara Wójcik, Anna Marchewka, Zbigniew Dąbrowski, Jerzy Superata, Zdzisław Wiśniowski
AIM: The aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of two rehabilitation protocols, dance movement therapy exercises (DMT) and general rehabilitation exercises (GRE), on erythrocyte deformability and plasma levels of nitrite plus nitrate as end products of nitric oxide (NOx) in elderly women. METHODS: The study included 39 women aged 61-82 years, subjected to either GRE (n = 20) or DMT (n = 19). Women were subjected to 5-months programs of GRE and DMT, with each session lasting no longer than 45-50 min, and the intensity of exercising corresponding to no more than 40-60% of heart rate reserve...
July 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674591/adult-type-granulosa-cell-tumor-of-the-testis-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-literature
#15
REVIEW
Meriem Elbachiri, Amina Taleb, Nora Derrabi, Zineb Bouchbika, Nadia Benchakroun, Hassan Jouhadi, Nezha Tawfiq, Souha Sahraoui, Abdellatif Benider
Granulosa cell tumors is classified into juvenile and adult types and comprise less than 5% of ovarian tumors in women and are much rarer in men which only 45 have been previously reported. We report here a 40-year young man with a left testicular adult type granulosa cell tumor. The tumor measured 5.5X5X4cm; Immunohistochemical stains showed the tumor diffusely positive for inhibin and vimentin. Post operative CT scans shows a lomboaortic lymphnodes treated by four cycles of chemotherapy type BEP (bleomycin, etoposide, cisplatin)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671481/knowledge-attitudes-beliefs-and-patterns-of-waterpipe-use-among-jordanian-adults-who-exclusively-smoke-waterpipes
#16
Nidal F Eshah, Erika S Froelicher
BACKGROUND: Widespread waterpipe smoking (WPS) is reported worldwide. Although remarkable numbers of waterpipe smokers do not smoke cigarettes, very few studies have explored the phenomenon of WPS in people who smoke water pipes exclusively. The aim of this study was to assess levels of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and patterns of WPS among Jordanian waterpipe-only smokers. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used; with 247 participants who were recruited through convenience sampling from 23 cafés offering waterpipes...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671019/identification-and-prognostic-value-of-anterior-gradient-protein-2-expression-in-breast-cancer-based-on-tissue-microarray
#17
Jilong Guo, Guohua Gong, Bin Zhang
Breast cancer has attracted substantial attention as one of the major cancers causing death in women. It is crucial to find potential biomarkers of prognostic value in breast cancer. In this study, the expression pattern of anterior gradient protein 2 in breast cancer was identified based on the main molecular subgroups. Through analysis of 69 samples from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, we found that anterior gradient protein 2 expression was significantly higher in non-triple-negative breast cancer tissues compared with normal tissues and triple-negative breast cancer tissues (p < 0...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662638/how-life-stressors-influence-modifiable-lifestyle-factors-depressive-symptoms-and-physical-and-mental-health-among-vietnamese-older-women
#18
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Debra Anderson, Charrlotte Seib
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that exposure to life stressors can influence health through a number of pathways. However, knowledge about the patterns of life stressors and their contributions to health in different populations is limited. Vietnamese older women have attracted little research to date in this area. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used an interview-administered-questionnaire to collect data from 440 Vietnamese older women. Descriptive analysis was used to describe life stressors among Vietnamese older women...
June 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662319/effect-of-primary-preventive-examination-with-cardiorespiratory-fitness-test
#19
Šárka Kunzová, Jindřich Fiala, Pavel Řimák, Petr Kaňovský
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the potential of free comprehensive primary preventive examination (CPPE) combined with cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) test in terms of its attractiveness for general population and moreover to evaluate the induced behavioural changes. The main focus was on physical activity behaviour (PA). METHODS: In 2009-2013, 250 people (100 men, 150 women) aged 18-65 years were examined. CPPE included assessment of health status and lifestyle, CRF test and individualized counselling...
June 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658361/do-different-vertical-positions-of-maxillary-central-incisors-influence-smile-esthetics-perception
#20
Erica Bretas Cabral Menezes, Marcos Alan Vieira Bittencourt, Andre Wilson Machado
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the perception of smile esthetics among orthodontists and layperson, with respect to different maxillary central incisors vertical positions in full-face and close-up smile analyses. METHODS: Frontal photographs of the smiles of two adult women were used. Images were altered to create a symmetrical image with the gingival margin levels of the maxillary canines matching the central incisors and a 1.0-mm central-to-lateral incisal step...
March 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
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