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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354353/mineralization-of-high-concentrations-of-the-endocrine-disruptor-dibutyl-phthalate-by-fusarium-culmorum
#1
Miriam Ahuactzin-Pérez, Saúl Tlecuitl-Beristain, Jorge García-Dávila, Ericka Santacruz-Juárez, Manuel González-Pérez, María Concepción Gutiérrez-Ruíz, Carmen Sánchez
Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is a widely used plasticizer, whose presence in the environment as a pollutant raises concern because of its endocrine-disrupting toxicity. Growth kinetics, glucose uptake, biodegradation constant of DBP (k), half-life of DBP biodegradation (t1/2) and percentage of removal efficiency (%E) were evaluated for Fusarium culmorum grown on media containing glucose and different concentrations of DBP (500 and 1000 mg/l). Intermediate compounds of biodegraded DBP were identified by GC-MS and a novel DBP biodegradation pathway was proposed on the basis of the intermolecular flow of electrons of the intermediates identified using quantum chemical modeling...
January 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351877/rest-a-master-transcriptional-regulator-in-neurodegenerative-disease
#2
REVIEW
Jee-Yeon Hwang, R Suzanne Zukin
The restrictive element-1 silencing transcription factor)/NRSF (neuron-restrictive silencing factor (NRSF) is a transcriptional repressor which acts via epigenetic remodeling to silence target genes. Emerging evidence indicates that REST is a master transcriptional regulator of neuron-specific genes not only in neurogenesis and neuronal differentiation, but also in differentiated neurons during the critical period in postnatal brain development, where it plays a role in fine-tuning of genes involved in synaptic plasticity, and in normal aging, where it promotes neuroprotection by repressing genes involved in oxidative stress and β-amyloid toxicity...
January 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341920/effect-of-structural-factors-on-release-profiles-of-camptothecin-from-block-copolymer-conjugates-with-high-load-of-drug
#3
Andrzej Plichta, Sebastian Kowalczyk, Ewa Olędzka, Marcin Sobczak, Marcin Strawski
The aim of the present work was the synthesis and study the kinetics and profiles of camptothecin (CPT) release form block co- and ter-polymer conjugates comprising polylactide (PLA) segments and CPT moieties, structurally diverse by degrees of branching, content of D-PLA units and poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (PEGMA). Six PLA, non-toxic macroinitiators (MIs), terminated with α-bromoester were synthesized. MIs were subjected to polymerization of CPT methacrylic derivative (CPTMA) with PEGMA at various ratios...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339497/ocean-convergence-and-the-dispersion-of-flotsam
#4
Eric A D'Asaro, Andrey Y Shcherbina, Jody M Klymak, Jeroen Molemaker, Guillaume Novelli, Cédric M Guigand, Angelique C Haza, Brian K Haus, Edward H Ryan, Gregg A Jacobs, Helga S Huntley, Nathan J M Laxague, Shuyi Chen, Falco Judt, James C McWilliams, Roy Barkan, A D Kirwan, Andrew C Poje, Tamay M Özgökmen
Floating oil, plastics, and marine organisms are continually redistributed by ocean surface currents. Prediction of their resulting distribution on the surface is a fundamental, long-standing, and practically important problem. The dominant paradigm is dispersion within the dynamical context of a nondivergent flow: objects initially close together will on average spread apart but the area of surface patches of material does not change. Although this paradigm is likely valid at mesoscales, larger than 100 km in horizontal scale, recent theoretical studies of submesoscales (less than ∼10 km) predict strong surface convergences and downwelling associated with horizontal density fronts and cyclonic vortices...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339337/adsorption-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-on-microplastics-under-environmental-conditions
#5
Marta Llorca, Gabriella Schirinzi, Mònica Martínez, Damià Barceló, Marinella Farré
Plastic debris has become an environmental problem during recent years. Among the plastic debris, microplastics (<5 mm; MPLs) imply an extra problem due to their capacity to enter into the fauna through ingestion. In this work, we study the capacity of three MPLs, that include high-density polyethylene (HDPE), polystyrene (PS) and polystyrene carboxylate (PS-COOH), to sorb 18 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs; including carboxylic acids, sulphonates and one sulphonamide) from the surrounding waters (freshwater and seawater)...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335173/application-of-fe3o4-mil-100-fe-core-shell-magnetic-microspheres-for-evaluating-the-sorption-of-organophosphate-esters-to-dissolved-organic-matter-dom
#6
Long Pang, Peijie Yang, Huiqiang Yang, Liming Ge, Jingwen Xiao, Yifan Zhou
Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are widely used as flame retardants and plasticizers in many products and materials. Because of the potential biologic toxicity on human beings, OPEs are regarded as a class of emerging pollutants. Dissolved organic matters (DOM) have significant effects on the bioavailability and toxicity of the pollutants in the environment. Negligible-depletion solid-phase microextraction (nd-SPME) is an efficient way for measuring the freely dissolved pollutants but suffers from long equilibrium time...
January 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329004/contemporary-enzyme-based-technologies-for-bioremediation-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Babita Sharma, Arun Kumar Dangi, Pratyoosh Shukla
The persistent disposal of xenobiotic compounds like insecticides, pesticides, fertilizers, plastics and other hydrocarbon containing substances is the major source of environmental pollution which needs to be eliminated. Many contemporary remediation methods such as physical, chemical and biological are currently being used, but they are not sufficient to clean the environment. The enzyme based bioremediation is an easy, quick, eco-friendly and socially acceptable approach used for the bioremediation of these recalcitrant xenobiotic compounds from the natural environment...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325487/use-of-tio2-photocatalyst-supported-on-residues-of-polystyrene-packaging-and-its-applicability-on-the-removal-of-food-dyes
#8
Maressa Maria de Melo Santos, Marta Maria Menezes Bezerra Duarte, Graziele Elisandra do Nascimento, Natalya Barbosa Guedes de Souza, Otidene Rossiter Sá da Rocha
This work proposes the use of plastic residues, more specifically polystyrene packaging, to support TiO2, used as a photocatalyst in the degradation of erythrosine and Brilliant Blue food dyes. The scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses exhibited the surface coating and the presence of TiO2 in the material, respectively. The UV/H2O2/TiO2((SP)supported) process was used in the preliminary study, given the high percentage of degradation, operational advantages and greater reductions in peaks related to the aromatic rings when compared to the other processes studied...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324933/brachytherapy-in-soft-tissue-tumours-an-interdisciplinary-challenge
#9
Silvanie Volz, Konstantinos Kalousis, Jung In Song, Tobias Kisch, Eike Wenzel, Peter Mailänder
OBJECTIVE: Interdisciplinary work including surgery and additive radiotherapy is often needed for the therapy of tumours. Beneath this, brachytherapy is an important part of the radiotherapy. It was first used over 100 years ago and is in regular use after the development of afterload technology in the early 1970s. Today it is often used in different tumour therapies, for example in soft tissue sarcoma or breast tumours, in order to decrease the risk of local recurrence. Concerning its benefits, higher doses could be used because of the localized effect with equivalent local control rate and less toxicity of treatment...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322640/conserved-roles-of-osiris-genes-in-insect-development-polymorphism-and-protection
#10
Chris R Smith, Claire Morandin, Moataz Noureddine, Swati Pant
Much of the variation among insects is derived from the different ways that chitin has been molded to form rigid structures, both internal and external. In this study, we identify a highly conserved expression pattern in an insect-only gene family, the Osiris genes, that is essential for development, but also plays a significant role in phenotypic plasticity and in immunity/toxicity responses. The majority of Osiris genes exist in a highly syntenic cluster, and the cluster itself appears to have arisen very early in the evolution of insects...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322303/salt-tolerance-of-two-perennial-grass-brachypodium-sylvaticum-accessions
#11
Nir Sade, Maria Del Mar Rubio Wilhelmi, Xiaojuan Ke, Yariv Brotman, Matthew Wright, Imran Khan, Wagner De Souza, Elias Bassil, Christian M Tobias, Roger Thilmony, John P Vogel, Eduardo Blumwald
We studied the salt stress tolerance of two accessions isolated from different areas of the world (Norway and Tunisia) and characterized the mechanism(s) regulating salt stress in Brachypodium sylvaticum Osl1 and Ain1. Perennial grasses are widely grown in different parts of the world as an important feedstock for renewable energy. Their perennial nature that reduces management practices and use of energy and agrochemicals give these biomass crops advantages when dealing with modern agriculture challenges such as soil erosion, increase in salinized marginal lands and the runoff of nutrients...
January 10, 2018: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316351/gestational-triphenyl-phosphate-exposure-in-c57bl-6-mice-perturbs-expression-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-signaling-genes-in-maternal-and-fetal-liver
#12
Nicola A Philbrook, Victoria E Restivo, Christine L Belanger, Louise M Winn
Triphenyl phosphate (TPhP) is an organophosphorus flame retardant and plasticizer that has been added to numerous consumer products in recent years. TPhP is not overtly toxic, however recent studies have suggested that it may have metabolic disrupting effects following developmental exposure. The present study aimed to investigate the developmental and potential metabolic effects of TPhP in a murine model. C57Bl/6 dams were exposed on gestational days (GD) 8, 10, 12, and 14 to 0, 5, 25, or 50 mg/kg TPhP via intraperitoneal injection...
January 8, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306024/organophosphate-triesters-and-selected-metabolites-enhance-binding-of-thyroxine-to-human-transthyretin-in-vitro
#13
Katie L Hill, Timo Hamers, Jorke H Kamstra, William G Willmore, Robert J Letcher
The toxicological properties of organophosphate (OP) triesters that are used as flame retardants and plasticizers are currently not well understood, though increasing evidence suggests they can affect the thyroid system. Perturbation of thyroid hormone (TH) transport is one mechanism of action that may affect thyroid function. The present study applied an in vitro competitive protein binding assay with thyroxine (T4) and human transthyretin (hTTR) to determine the potential for the OP triesters, TDCIPP (tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate), TBOEP (tris(butoxyethyl) phosphate), TEP (triethyl phosphate), TPHP (triphenyl phosphate), p-OH-TPHP (para-hydroxy triphenyl phosphate), and the OP diester DPHP (diphenyl phosphate), to competitively displace T4 from hTTR...
January 3, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301548/inhibition-of-cyclin-dependent-kinase-5-affects-early-neuroinflammatory-signalling-in-murine-model-of-amyloid-beta-toxicity
#14
Anna Wilkaniec, Magdalena Gąssowska-Dobrowolska, Marcin Strawski, Agata Adamczyk, Grzegorz A Czapski
BACKGROUND: Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) belongs to the family of proline-directed serine/threonine kinases and plays a critical role in neuronal differentiation, migration, synaptogenesis, plasticity, neurotransmission and apoptosis. The deregulation of Cdk5 activity was observed in post mortem analysis of brain tissue of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, suggesting the involvement of Cdk5 in the pathomechanism of this neurodegenerative disease. However, our recent study demonstrated the important function of Cdk5 in regulating inflammatory reaction...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291400/liver-organ-on-a-chip
#15
REVIEW
Colin H Beckwitt, Amanda M Clark, Sarah Wheeler, D Lansing Taylor, Donna B Stolz, Linda Griffith, Alan Wells
The liver plays critical roles in both homeostasis and pathology. It is the major site of drug metabolism in the body and, as such, a common target for drug-induced toxicity and is susceptible to a wide range of diseases. In contrast to other solid organs, the liver possesses the unique ability to regenerate. The physiological importance and plasticity of this organ make it a crucial system of study to better understand human physiology, disease, and response to exogenous compounds. The purpose of this review is to inform the reader of the significance and available methods for replicating human liver physiology and pathology ex vivo...
December 29, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289847/the-impact-of-co-combustion-of-polyethylene-plastics-and-wood-in-a-small-residential-boiler-on-emissions-of-gaseous-pollutants-particulate-matter-pahs-and-1-3-5-triphenylbenzene
#16
Tomas Tomsej, Jiri Horak, Sarka Tomsejova, Kamil Krpec, Jana Klanova, Milan Dej, Frantisek Hopan
The aim of this study was to simulate a banned but widely spread practice of co-combustion of plastic with wood in a small residential boiler and to quantify its impact on emissions of gaseous pollutants, particulate matter (PM), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and 1,3,5-triphenylbenzene (135TPB), a new tracer of polyethylene plastic combustion. Supermarket polyethylene shopping bags (PE) and polyethylene terephthalate bottles (PET) were burnt as supplementary fuels with beech logs (BL) in an old-type 20 kW over-fire boiler both at a nominal and reduced heat output...
December 21, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246298/alleviation-of-toxicity-caused-by-overactivation-of-ppar%C3%AE-through-ppar%C3%AE-inducible-mir-181a2
#17
Yanjie Cheng, Zhuying Wei, Shengsong Xie, You Peng, Yi Yan, Dan Qin, Shenghui Liu, Yanling Xu, Guangpeng Li, Lisheng Zhang
Widely varied compounds, including certain plasticizers, hypolipidemic drugs (e.g., ciprofibrate, fenofibrate, WY-14643, and clofibrate), agrochemicals, and environmental pollutants, are peroxisome proliferators (PPs). Appropriate dose of PPs causes a moderate increase in the number and size of peroxisomes and the expression of genes encoding peroxisomal lipid-metabolizing enzymes. However, high-dose PPs cause varied harmful effects. Chronic administration of PPs to mice and rats results in hepatomegaly and ultimately carcinogenesis...
December 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245177/microplastics-as-an-emerging-threat-to-terrestrial-ecosystems
#18
Anderson Abel de Souza Machado, Werner Kloas, Christiane Zarfl, Stefan Hempel, Matthias C Rillig
Microplastics (plastics < 5 mm, including nanoplastics which are < 0.1 μm) originate from the fragmentation of large plastic litter or from direct environmental emission. Their potential impacts in terrestrial ecosystems remain largely unexplored despite numerous reported effects on marine organisms. Most plastics arriving in the oceans were produced, used, and often disposed on land. Hence, it is within terrestrial systems that microplastics might first interact with biota eliciting ecologically relevant impacts...
December 15, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233065/understanding-the-role-of-glycogen-synthase-kinase-3-in-l-dopa-induced-dyskinesia-in-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Hojin Choi, Seong-Ho Koh
Levodopa (L-DOPA) is the most commonly used drug for Parkinson's disease (PD), but its long-term use is associated with various complications, including L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). Many studies have suggested that L-DOPA neurotoxicity and LID are associated with glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) activation. Areas covered: LID is caused by striatal dopamine (DA) denervation in PD and pulsatile L-DOPA treatment. These factors lead to dysregulated DA transmission, abnormal intracellular signaling and transcription factors in striatal neurons, and altered gene expression and plasticity at corticostriatal synapses...
December 15, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229539/bisphenol-a-bpa-and-cell-signaling-pathways
#20
REVIEW
Masaharu Murata, Jeong-Hun Kang
Bisphenol A (BPA; 4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol) is an endocrine disruptor that is used as a material for the production of phenol resins, polyacrylates, polyesters, epoxy resins, and polycarbonate plastics. Endocrine-disruptive or toxic effects of BPA on living organisms through a number of cell signaling pathways have been reported. BPA induces carcinogenesis, reproductive toxicity, abnormal inflammatory or immune response, and developmental disorders of brain or nervous system through various cell signaling pathways...
December 8, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
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