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Depression and work impairment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456743/il-10-in-the-microenvironment-of-hnscc-inhibits-the-cpg-odn-induced-ifn-%C3%AE-secretion-of-pdcs
#1
Karl-Ludwig Bruchhage, Sabrina Heinrichs, Barbara Wollenberg, Ralph Pries
It has been shown that head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are infiltrated by plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). The HNSCC TH2 biased microenvironment leads to strong alterations of the cellular functions of pDC and thus impairs the initiation and function of adequate immune responses. In this work we comprehensively analyzed the capacity of CpG-oligonucleotides to activate interferon (IFN)-α secretion of human pDC in the presence of HNSCC. IFN-α secretion was measured using the ELISA Technique...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455442/in-search-of-executive-impairment-in-pathological-gambling-a-neuropsychological-study-on-non-treatment-seeking-gamblers
#2
Alexandros Kapsomenakis, Panagiotis G Simos, Georgios Konstantakopoulos, Dimitrios S Kasselimis
Pathological gambling is characterized by a persisting maladaptive and recurrent behavior with severe social and psychological consequences. There is evidence of strong comorbidity with psychiatric manifestations as well as cognitive mainly involving executive functions. This study aimed to investigate impairment in executive functions and working memory, and personality traits in a sample of Greek gamblers. Twenty-four men involved in various gambling activities were recruited from ecological settings as probable pathological gamblers...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455100/hypofunction-of-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-in-depression-during-verbal-fluency-task-a-multi-channel-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#3
Tomomi Akiyama, Michihiko Koeda, Yoshiro Okubo, Mahito Kimura
BACKGROUND: Previous functional neuroimaging studies of depression have demonstrated frontotemporal dysfunction, including the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, while patients perform working memory and language comprehension tasks. Recent near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) studies have shown frontotemporal hypofunction in depression by verbal fluency task, but the regions of impairment affecting respective depressive symptoms still remain unclear. We investigated frontotemporal function during word production task in depression with multi-channel NIRS...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455082/evaluating-subjective-cognitive-impairment-in-the-adult-epilepsy-clinic-effects-of-depression-number-of-antiepileptic-medications-and-seizure-frequency
#4
Lauren Feldman, Brittany Lapin, Robyn M Busch, Jocelyn F Bautista
OBJECTIVE: Subjective cognitive complaints are a frequent concern of patients with epilepsy. The Aldenkamp-Baker Neuropsychological Assessment Schedule (ABNAS) is a patient-reported scale validated to measure adverse cognitive effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The goals of this study were to identify predictors of patient-reported cognitive dysfunction and to assess the relationship between subjective and objective cognitive impairment. METHODS: The Cleveland Clinic Knowledge Program Data Registry was used to identify adult patients seen in outpatient epilepsy clinic from January to May 2015 and who completed the following scales: ABNAS for subjective cognitive impairment, Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) for depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, Quality of Life in Epilepsy (QOLIE-10), and EuroQOL five dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D) for health-related quality of life...
February 15, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449202/a-web-based-psychoeducational-intervention-for-adolescent-depression-design-and-development-of-moodhwb
#5
Rhys Bevan Jones, Anita Thapar, Frances Rice, Harriet Beeching, Rachel Cichosz, Becky Mars, Daniel J Smith, Sally Merry, Paul Stallard, Ian Jones, Ajay K Thapar, Sharon A Simpson
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in adolescence and leads to distress and impairment in individuals, families and carers. Treatment and prevention guidelines highlight the key role of information and evidence-based psychosocial interventions not only for individuals but also for their families and carers. Engaging young people in prevention and early intervention programs is a challenge, and early treatment and prevention of adolescent depression is a major public health concern. There has been growing interest in psychoeducational interventions to provide accurate information about health issues and to enhance and develop self-management skills...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443458/the-functional-and-psychological-burden-of-empty-nose-syndrome
#6
Jamil Manji, Jayakar V Nayak, Andrew Thamboo
BACKGROUND: Empty nose syndrome (ENS) is a debilitating disorder thought to arise as a postsurgical phenomenon from excessive loss of nasal tissues. Affected patients often report a profound impact on all aspects of life, but the extent of this burden has not been quantified. We sought to determine the association of ENS with mental health and functional impairments. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed of individuals with ENS recruited from online ENS forums...
February 14, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441001/early-life-stress-related-elevations-in-reaction-time-variability-are-associated-with-brain-volume-reductions-in-hiv-adults
#7
Uraina S Clark, Miguel Arce Rentería, Rachal R Hegde, Susan Morgello
There is burgeoning evidence that, among HIV+ adults, exposure to high levels of early life stress (ELS) is associated with increased cognitive impairment as well as brain volume abnormalities and elevated neuropsychiatric symptoms. Currently, we have a limited understanding of the degree to which cognitive difficulties observed in HIV+ High-ELS samples reflect underlying neural abnormalities rather than increases in neuropsychiatric symptoms. Here, we utilized a behavioral marker of cognitive function, reaction time intra-individual variability (RT-IIV), which is sensitive to both brain volume reductions and neuropsychiatric symptoms, to elucidate the unique contributions of brain volume abnormalities and neuropsychiatric symptoms to cognitive difficulties in HIV+ High-ELS adults...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427050/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-tms-in-the-elderly
#8
REVIEW
Ilva G Iriarte, Mark S George
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article aims to review select applications of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) that have significant relevance in geriatric psychiatry. RECENT FINDINGS: Small study sizes and parameter variability limit the generalizability of many TMS studies in geriatric patients. Additionally, geriatric patients have unique characteristics that can moderate the efficacy of TMS. Nonetheless, several promising experimental applications in addition to the FDA-approved indication for major depression have emerged...
February 10, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421266/neural-correlates-of-working-memory-in-first-episode-and-recurrent-depression-an-fmri-study
#9
Dilara Yüksel, Bruno Dietsche, Carsten Konrad, Udo Dannlowski, Tilo Kircher, Axel Krug
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD) show deficits in working memory (WM) performance accompanied by bilateral fronto-parietal signal changes. It is unclear whether patients with a first depressive episode (FDE) exhibit the same BOLD signal changes as patients with recurrent depressive episodes (RDE). METHODS: We investigated seventy-four MDD inpatients (48 RDE, 26 FDE) and 74 healthy control (HC) subjects performing an n-back WM task (0-back, 2-back, 3-back condition) in a 3T-fMRI...
February 5, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416879/establishing-research-priorities-relating-to-the-long-term-impact-of-tia-and-minor-stroke-through-stakeholder-centred-consensus
#10
Grace M Turner, Ruth Backman, Christel McMullan, Jonathan Mathers, Tom Marshall, Melanie Calvert
Plain English summary: What is the problem and why is this important? Mini-strokes are similar to full strokes, but symptoms last less than 24 h. Many people (up to 70%) have long-term problems after a mini-stroke, such as anxiety; depression; problems with brain functioning (like memory loss); and fatigue (feeling tired). However, the current healthcare pathway only focuses on preventing another stroke and care for other long-term problems is not routinely given. Without proper treatment, people with long-term problems after a mini-stroke could have worse quality of life and may find it difficult to return to work and their social activities...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414545/assessing-the-impact-of-caring-for-a-child-with-dravet-syndrome-results-of-a-caregiver-survey
#11
Jonathan D Campbell, Melanie D Whittington, Chong H Kim, Gina R VanderVeen, Kelly G Knupp, Arnold Gammaitoni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe and quantify the impact of caring for a child with Dravet syndrome (DS) on caregivers. METHODS: We surveyed DS caregivers at a single institution with a large population of patient with DS. Survey domains included time spent/difficulty performing caregiving tasks (Oberst Caregiving Burden Scale, OCBS); caregiver health-related quality of life (EuroQoL 5D-5L, EQ-5D); and work/activity impairment (Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire, WPAI)...
February 1, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414284/relationship-between-social-cognition-and-traditional-cognitive-impairment-in-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-and-possible-implicated-neuroanatomical-regions
#12
E Ciampi, R Uribe-San-Martin, M Vásquez, A Ruiz-Tagle, T Labbe, J P Cruz, P Lillo, A Slachevsky, D Reyes, A Reyes, C Cárcamo-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a relevant contributor of the medical and social burden in Progressive MS. Social Cognition, the neurocognitive processes underlying social interaction, has been explored mainly in European and North American cohorts, influencing social aspects of quality of life (QOL) of early MS patients and families. Few studies have studied Social Cognition in Progressive MS and the literature on its neuroanatomical bases or brain atrophy measurements is still scarce...
January 25, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409919/sst2-receptor-gene-deletion-exacerbates-chronic-stress-induced-deficits-consequences-for-emotional-and-cognitive-ageing
#13
Thomas Damien Prévôt, Cécile Viollet, Jacques Epelbaum, Gaëlle Dominguez, Daniel Béracochéa, Jean-Louis Guillou
This study investigated whether sst2 gene deletion interacts with age and chronic stress exposure to produce exacerbated emotional and cognitive ageing. Middle-aged (10-12 month) sst2 knockout (sst2KO) and wild-type (WT) mice underwent an unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) procedure for 6 weeks or no stress for control groups. This was followed by a battery of tests to assess emotional and cognitive functions and neuroendocrine status (CORT level). A re-evaluation was performed 6 months later (i...
January 31, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408968/microrna132-associated-multimodal-neuroimaging-patterns-in-unmedicated-major-depressive-disorder
#14
Shile Qi, Xiao Yang, Liansheng Zhao, Vince D Calhoun, Nora Perrone-Bizzozero, Shengfeng Liu, Rongtao Jiang, Tianzi Jiang, Jing Sui, Xiaohong Ma
There is compelling evidence that epigenetic factors contribute to the manifestation of depression, in which microRNA132 (miR-132) is suggested to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis and neuronal mechanisms underlying the symptoms of depression. Additionally, several depression-associated genes [MECP2, ARHGAP32 (p250GAP), CREB, and period genes] were experimentally validated as miR-132 targets. However, most studies regarding miR-132 in major depressive disorder are based on post-mortem, animal models or genetic comparisons...
February 2, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400690/the-impact-of-visible-and-invisible-symptoms-on-employment-status-work-and-social-functioning-in-multiple-sclerosis
#15
L Lorefice, G Fenu, J Frau, G C Coghe, M G Marrosu, E Cocco
BACKGROUND: Frequently diagnosed in young adulthood, multiple sclerosis (MS) and several MS-related factors can influence patients' unemployment status and negatively affect work productivity and daily functioning. OBJECTIVE: We examined MS patients' employment status and evaluated clinical features influencing it. Furthermore, we investigated patients' burdens due to visible and invisible MS symptoms through their worsening daily functioning. METHODS: The study included outpatients affected by MS according to the 2010 McDonald criteria...
January 31, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394208/caring-interactions-in-secondary-prevention-programs-a-qualitative-inquiry-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Lindsey E Greviskes, Leslie Podlog, Maria Newton, Leland E Dibble, Ryan D Burns, Wanda Pillow, Morgan S Hall, Christopher Hammer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With Parkinson's disease (PD) prevalence rates steadily increasing and long-term adherence to regular physical activity and exercise often difficult to achieve, it is imperative to investigate factors promoting adherence to secondary prevention programs (SPP) that help limit the progression of motor and nonmotor signs and symptoms of the disease. Caring interactions between patients and their rehabilitation team may be particularly germane to individuals with PD, given the physical and psychosocial issues that often accompany this disease (eg, loss of physical function, depression, apathy, and cognitive impairments)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391286/health-related-quality-of-life-with-subcutaneous-c1-inhibitor-for-prevention-of-attacks-of-hereditary-angioedema
#17
William R Lumry, Timothy Craig, Bruce Zuraw, Hilary Longhurst, James Baker, H Henry Li, Jonathan A Bernstein, John Anderson, Marc A Riedl, Michael E Manning, Paul K Keith, Donald S Levy, Teresa Caballero, Aleena Banerji, Richard G Gower, Henriette Farkas, John-Philip Lawo, Ingo Pragst, Thomas Machnig, Douglas J Watson
BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema with C1-INH deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) impairs health-related quality of life (HRQoL). OBJECTIVE: To assess HRQoL outcomes in patients self-administering subcutaneous C1-INH (C1-INH[SC]; HAEGARDA®) for routine prevention of HAE attacks. METHODS: Post-hoc analysis of data from a placebo-controlled, crossover phase III study (COMPACT). Ninety patients with C1-INH-HAE were randomized to 1 of 4 treatment sequences: C1-INH(SC) 40 IU/kg or 60 IU/kg twice-weekly for 16 weeks, preceded or followed by 16 weeks of twice-weekly placebo injections...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388334/burden-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-japanese-adults-analysis-of-data-from-the-2013-national-health-and-wellness-survey
#18
Kazuhiko Arima, Shaloo Gupta, Abhijit Gadkari, Takaaki Hiragun, Takeshi Kono, Ichiro Katayama, Sven Demiya, Laurent Eckert
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. The objective of this study was to characterize the burden of atopic dermatitis in Japanese adult patients relative to the general population. Japanese adults (≥18 years) with a self-reported diagnosis of atopic dermatitis and adult controls without atopic dermatitis/eczema/dermatitis were identified from the 2013 Japan National Health and Wellness Survey. Atopic dermatitis patients were propensity-score matched with non-atopic dermatitis controls (1:2 ratio) on demographic variables...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387877/course-of-cognitive-development-from-infancy-to-early-adulthood-in-the-psychosis-spectrum
#19
Josephine Mollon, Anthony S David, Stanley Zammit, Glyn Lewis, Abraham Reichenberg
Importance: Most patients with psychotic disorders experience severe cognitive impairment, but the onset and course of this impairment remain unclear. Moreover, the course of cognitive functions in other psychiatric conditions remains largely unexamined. Objective: To chart the course of general and specific cognitive functions in individuals with psychotic disorders, psychotic experiences, and depression. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) is a prospective cohort study comprising all live births between April 1, 1991, and December 31, 1992, in Avon, England...
January 31, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386897/functional-impairment-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-the-2-year-perform-study
#20
Lene Hammer-Helmich, Josep Maria Haro, Bengt Jönsson, Audrey Tanguy Melac, Sylvie Di Nicola, Julien Chollet, Dominique Milea, Benoît Rive, Delphine Saragoussi
Background: The Prospective Epidemiological Research on Functioning Outcomes Related to Major depressive disorder (PERFORM) study describes the course of depressive symptoms, perceived cognitive symptoms, and functional impairment over 2 years in outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and investigates the patient-related factors associated with functional impairment. Methods: This was a 2-year observational study in 1,159 outpatients with MDD aged 18-65 years who were either initiating antidepressant monotherapy or undergoing their first switch of antidepressant...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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