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Endosseous implant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218025/dental-implants-and-incisor-bridge-placement-in-a-dog
#1
Rocco E Mele, Anthony Caiafa, Gregori M Kurtzman
Veterinary dentistry has tended to follow the trends and advancements in the human dental field. As for any procedure performed on a patient, whether human or animal, an informed decision is based on the available evidence regarding treatment options. This is certainly true for the more involved treatments in veterinary dentistry which can include the disciplines of endodontics and dental implantology. A number of published case reports have been accepted by the specialty that endodontic therapy is indeed a predictable and a valuable service that can be offered to pet owners...
December 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216308/craniofacial-implants-at-a-single-centre-2005-2015-retrospective-review-of-451-implants
#2
R Elledge, J Chaggar, N Knapp, T Martin, N White, D Evriviades, S Edmondson, S Parmar
Craniofacial endosseous implants are regularly used to support prostheses in the rehabilitation of complex defects, but reported success rates vary. To review our own clinical practice over 10 years, and particularly to examine the impact of radiotherapy and the timing of placement on the survival of implants, we retrospectively audited the records for all patients who had endosseous implants for prosthetic rehabilitation in our unit between 2005 and 2015. We reviewed 167 records, which gave 451 implants, of which, 222 (49%) were auricular, 98 (22%) nasal, and 131 (29%) orbital...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184162/synergistic-effect-of-nanotopography-and-bioactive-ions-on-peri-implant-bone-response
#3
Yingmin Su, Satoshi Komasa, Peiqi Li, Mariko Nishizaki, Luyuan Chen, Chisato Terada, Shigeki Yoshimine, Hiroshi Nishizaki, Joji Okazaki
Both bioactive ion chemistry and nanoscale surface modifications are beneficial for enhanced osseointegration of endosseous implants. In this study, a facile synthesis approach to the incorporation of bioactive Ca(2+) ions into the interlayers of nanoporous structures (Ca-nano) formed on a Ti6Al4V alloy surface was developed by sequential chemical and heat treatments. Samples with a machined surface and an Na(+) ion-incorporated nanoporous surface (Na-nano) fabricated by concentrated alkali and heat treatment were used in parallel for comparison...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182765/rapamycin-sodium-hyaluronate-binding-on-nano-hydroxyapatite-coated-titanium-surface-improves-mc3t3-e1-osteogenesis
#4
Chao Liu, Jian Yong Dong, Lin Lin Yue, Shao Hua Liu, Yi Wan, Hong Liu, Wan Ye Tan, Qian Qian Guo, Dong Zhang
Endosseous titanium (Ti) implant failure due to poor biocompatibility of implant surface remains a major problem for osseointegration. Improving the topography of Ti surface may enhance osseointegration, however, the mechanism remains unknown. To investigate the effect of modified Ti surface on osteogenesis, we loaded rapamycin (RA) onto nano-hydroxyapatite (HAp) coated Ti surface which was acid-etched, alkali-heated and HAp coated sequentially. Sodium hyaluronate (SH) was employed as an intermediate layer for the load of RA, and a steady release rate of RA was maintained...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154996/early-bone-formation-around-immediately-loaded-implants-with-nanostructured-calcium-incorporated-and-machined-surface-a-randomized-controlled-histologic-and-histomorphometric-study-in-the-human-posterior-maxilla
#5
Francesco Guido Mangano, Giovanna Iezzi, Jamil Awad Shibli, Jefferson Trabach Pires, Giuseppe Luongo, Adriano Piattelli, Carlo Mangano
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized, controlled histologic/histomorphometric study was to compare the early bone formation around immediately loaded implants with nanostructured calcium-incorporated (NCI) and machined (MA) surface, placed in the human posterior maxilla. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen fully edentulous patients (six males; nine females; mean age 57.9 ± 6.7 years) were selected for this study. Each patient was installed with two temporary transmucosal implants, with different surfaces: one NCI (test) and one MA (control) implant...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095519/a-clinical-study-assessing-the-influence-of-anodized-titanium-and-zirconium-dioxide-abutments-and-peri-implant-soft-tissue-thickness-on-the-optical-outcome-of-implant-supported-lithium-disilicate-single-crowns
#6
Francisco Martínez-Rus, Marta Prieto, María P Salido, Cristina Madrigal, Mutlu Özcan, Guillermo Pradíes
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of anodized titanium and zirconium dioxide abutments and peri-implant soft tissue thickness on the optical outcome of implant-supported lithium disilicate single crowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with a missing maxillary single incisor, canine, or first premolar received an endosseous implant after a two-stage surgery protocol. After healing and soft tissue conditioning, peri-implant soft tissues were reproduced in the impression, and the thickness was measured...
January 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095518/long-term-results-of-peri-implant-conditions-in-periodontally-compromised-patients-following-lateral-bone-augmentation
#7
Philip L Keeve, Fouad Khoury
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare long-term (≥ 5 years) outcomes of implants placed in patients treated for chronic periodontitis versus those placed in periodontally healthy patients. In both groups, the implants were placed in alveolar ridges that were laterally augmented with autogenous bone block grafts using a split bone block technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred ninety-two patients were screened in the course of supportive periodontal treatment examinations...
January 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012063/the-influence-of-implantoplasty-on-the-diameter-chemical-surface-composition-and-biocompatibility-of-titanium-implants
#8
Frank Schwarz, Gordon John, Jürgen Becker
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the influence of implantoplasty (IP) on the diameter, chemical surface composition, and biocompatibility of titanium implants in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty soft tissue-level (TL; machined transmucosal-M and rough endosseous part-SLA) and 20 bone-level (BL; SLA) implants were allocated to IP covering 3 or 6 mm of the structured surface (SLA) area. The samples were subjected to diameter, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and cell viability (ginigval fibroblasts, 6 days) assessments...
December 24, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000276/screw-retained-vs-cement-retained-implant-supported-fixed-dental-prosthesis
#9
REVIEW
Julia-Gabriela Wittneben, Tim Joda, Hans-Peter Weber, Urs Brägger
A fixed dental prosthesis can be secured to an endosseous implant via cementation (using a provisional or definitive cement) on an implant abutment that is screw retained to the implant or directly in the implant via screw retention. The clinical decision as to which retention system best suits the individual patient depends on several factors. The aim of this review is to present a detailed overview of the factors potentially influencing whether to choose screw retention or cement retention. These factors include the individual indication, advantages and disadvantages of the different retention mechanisms, the retention provided, retrievability, provisionalization, esthetics and clinical performance, including failures and complications...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990510/mandibular-osteomyelitis-associated-with-dental-implants-a-case-series
#10
Gabriel Semel, Amir Wolff, Dekel Shilo, Sharon Akrish, Omri Emodi, Adi Rachmiel
PURPOSE: To present a series of rare and serious complications associated with endosseous implant therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five cases of mandibular osteomyelitis emerging in dental implant insertion sites are presented. In three cases, the clinical signs and symptoms of osteomyelitis occurred almost immediately following implant insertion. All cases occurred in patients with stable pre-existing medical conditions. Three of the patients were females and two were males, all of whom were in their sixth and seventh decades of life...
2016: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943627/osteopontin-deficiency-disturbs-direct-osteogenesis-in-the-process-of-achieving-osseointegration-following-immediate-placement-of-endosseous-implants
#11
Sanako Makishi, Kotaro Saito, Hayato Ohshima
BACKGROUND: The role of osteopontin (OPN) in the process of achieving osseointegration following implantation remains to be clarified. PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the healing patterns of the bone-implant interface after immediate placement of implants in the maxillae of 4-week-old Opn-knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After maxillary first molars were extracted, cavities were prepared with a drill and titanium implants blasted with ceramic abrasives containing hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate were placed...
December 12, 2016: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891492/effect-of-magnetic-field-on-bone-healing-around-endosseous-implants-an-in-vivo-study
#12
Mahalakshmi Gujjalapudi, Chandrasekar Anam, Praveen Mamidi, Radha Chiluka, A Gautam Kumar, Ragini Bibinagar
INTRODUCTION: After implant placement, a stress-free healing period of 3-6 months is a pre-requisite to achieve good osseointegration. If this duration could be reduced, the patients would feel happier. Eventhough, immediate loading of implants is a clinically feasible concept; it is not possible in certain situations. Few studies have shown that Static magnetic field is useful to promote bone formation faster after the bone is wounded. AIM: This pilot study was intended to evaluate the tissue response after implant placement under the influence of magnetic field...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861190/early-bone-response-to-dual-acid-etched-and-machined-dental-implants-placed-in-the-posterior-maxilla-a-histologic-and-histomorphometric-human-study
#13
Francesco Guido Mangano, Jefferson Trabach Pires, Jamil Awad Shibli, Eitan Mijiritsky, Giovanna Iezzi, Adriano Piattelli, Carlo Mangano
PURPOSE: To compare the early bone response to implants with dual acid-etched (DAE) and machined (MA) surface, when placed in the posterior human maxilla. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients received 2 implants in the posterior maxilla: 1 DAE and 1 MA. After 2 months, the implants were retrieved for histologic/histomorphometric evaluation. The bone-to-implant contact (BIC%), bone density in the threaded area (BDTA%), and the bone density (BD%) were calculated...
February 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833350/staged-ridge-split-procedure-in-the-management-of-horizontal-ridge-deficiency-utilizing-piezosurgery
#14
A B Tarun Kumar, M G Triveni, V Priyadharshini, D S Mehta
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Edentulism is an incapacitating and irretrievable condition which can lead unswervingly to functional limitation, physical, psychological and social handicap. Maintenance of bone after tooth loss to improve retention, function, and performance of the restoration is a challenging task. The existence of a thin edentulous ridge signifies a clinical situation that is more complex for the placement of endosseous implants. Dental rehabilitation of the edentulous ridges with oral implants has become a routine treatment modality in the last few decades with consistent long term results...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829741/antibiotics-in-dental-implants-a-review-of-literature
#15
REVIEW
Hemchand Surapaneni, Pallavi Samatha Yalamanchili, Md Hafeez Basha, Sushma Potluri, Nirupa Elisetti, M V Kiran Kumar
The routine use of antibiotics in oral implant treatment seems to be widespread. The pre- or post-operative use of antibiotics in conjunction with implant surgery and its correlation with failure and success rates are poorly documented in the literature. The debate regarding overprescription of antibiotics raises the need for a critical evaluation of proper antibiotic coverage in association with implant treatment. The benefits of prophylactic antibiotics are well-recognized in dentistry. However, their routine use in the placement of endosseous dental implants remains controversial...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814255/rethinking-the-traditional-full-mouth-rehabilitation-by-applying-minimal-prosthetic-dentistry-for-maximum-patient-benefit
#16
Miles R Cone
The field of dentistry is an ever-evolving discipline. A marked rise in the use of endosseous implants, adhesive ceramic bonding, and composite resins, as well as continued patient desire for minimally invasive procedures, has created a new conservative era in the practices of many restorative dentists. These trends, coupled with the significant financial impact associated with the reconstruction of failing, worn, and esthetically compromised dentitions, have facilitated a paradigm shift in the way that individual patient cases are being treatment planned today...
November 2016: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810548/immediate-transoral-allogeneic-bone-grafting-for-large-mandibular-defects-less-morbidity-more-bone-a-paradigm-in-benign-tumor-mandibular-reconstruction
#17
James C Melville, Nader N Nassari, Issa A Hanna, Jonathan W Shum, Mark E Wong, Simon Young
PURPOSE: Reconstruction of hard tissue continuity defects caused by ablative tumor surgery has been traditionally reconstructed with autogenous bone grafts or microvascular free flaps. Although results have been predictable from these 2 methods of reconstruction, the morbidity associated with bone harvest is quite serious for the patient. Predictable results have been obtained with using a combination of 100% cadaver bone, bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC), and recombinant human bone morphogenic protein in immediate reconstruction for benign tumor extirpations through the extraoral approach...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755447/lateral-ridge-splitting-expansion-with-immediate-placement-of-endosseous-dental-implant-using-piezoelectric-device-a-new-treatment-protocol
#18
Firas A Jamil, Sahar Shakir Al-Adili
Many treatment modalities have been introduced for correction of deficient alveolar ridge width. Bone expansion through the ridge split procedure is one of them. This technique was initiated in order to overcome many problems that usually associated with grafting procedures. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of piezoelectric device in performing ridge split using single-stage approach and assessed the outcomes during a period of about 4 months after surgery. A total of 23 patients ages in range between 18 and 60 years underwent ridge split procedure with immediate insertion of dental implants...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699895/influence-of-abutment-material-on-peri-implant-soft-tissues-in-anterior-areas-with-thin-gingival-biotype-a-multicentric-prospective-study
#19
Diego Lops, Edoardo Stellini, Luca Sbricoli, Niccolò Cea, Eugenio Romeo, Eriberto Bressan
PURPOSE: The aim of the present clinical trial was to analyze, through spectrophotometric digital technology, the influence of the abutment material on the color of the peri-implant soft tissue in patients with thin gingival biotype. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-seven patients received an endosseous dental implant in the anterior maxilla. At time of each definitive prosthesis delivery, an all-ceramic crown has been tried on gold, titanium and zirconia abutment. Peri-implant soft-tissue color has been measured through a spectrophotometer after the insertion of each single abutment...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695328/the-synergistic-effect-of-tio2-nanoporous-modification-and-platelet-rich-plasma-treatment-on-titanium-implant-stability-in-ovariectomized-rats
#20
Nan Jiang, Pinggong Du, Weidong Qu, Lin Li, Zhonghao Liu, Songsong Zhu
For several decades, titanium and its alloys have been commonly utilized for endosseous implantable materials, because of their good mechanical properties, chemical resistance, and biocompatibility. But associated low bone mass, wear and loss characteristics, and high coefficients of friction have limited their long-term stable performance, especially in certain abnormal bone-metabolism conditions, such as postmenopausal osteoporosis. In this study, we investigated the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment and TiO2 nanoporous modification on the stability of titanium implants in osteoporotic bone...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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