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ovarian carcinosarcoma

İrfan Cicin, Tahsin Özatlı, Esma Türkmen, Türkan Özturk, Melike Özçelik, Devrim Çabuk, Ayşe Gökdurnalı, Özlem Balvan, Yaşar Yıldız, Metin Şeker, Nuriye Özdemir, Burcu Yapar, Özgür Tanrıverdi, Yusuf Günaydin, Serkan Menekşe, Berna Öksüzoğlu, Asude Aksoy, Bülent Erdogan, M Bekir Hacıoglu, Erkan Arpaci, Alper Sevinç
BACKGROUND: Prognostic factors and the standard treatment approach for gynaecological carcinosarcomas have not yet been clearly defined. Although carcinosarcomas are more aggressive than pure epithelial tumours, they are treated similarly. Serous/clear cell and endometrioid components may be predictive factors for the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) or radiotherapy (RT) or RT in patients with uterine and ovarian carcinosarcomas. Heterologous carcinosarcomas may benefit more from adjuvant CT...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Vit Weinberger, Marketa Bednarikova, David Cibula, Michal Zikan
Introduction Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC) is most likely precursor lesion of the most part of high-grade serous pelvis carcinomas, carcinosarcoma and undifferentiated carcinoma with incidence of 0.6% to 7% in BRCA carriers or women with strong family history of breast or ovarian carcinoma. STIC is a pathomorphologically and immunohistochemically detectable lesion which biological significance and clinical relevance is unknown. Areas covered We investigate methods of STIC diagnostics and we present an overview of recent studies and available knowledge on surgical management, adjuvant chemotherapy and subsequent follow-up procedure in women with an isolated STIC...
October 12, 2016: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
Robert J Morgan, Deborah K Armstrong, Ronald D Alvarez, Jamie N Bakkum-Gamez, Kian Behbakht, Lee-May Chen, Larry Copeland, Marta Ann Crispens, Maria DeRosa, Oliver Dorigo, David M Gershenson, Heidi J Gray, Ardeshir Hakam, Laura J Havrilesky, Carolyn Johnston, Shashikant Lele, Lainie Martin, Ursula A Matulonis, David M O'Malley, Richard T Penson, Sanja Percac-Lima, Mario Pineda, Steven C Plaxe, Matthew A Powell, Elena Ratner, Steven W Remmenga, Peter G Rose, Paul Sabbatini, Joseph T Santoso, Theresa L Werner, Jennifer Burns, Miranda Hughes
This selection from the NCCN Guidelines for Ovarian Cancer focuses on the less common ovarian histopathologies (LCOHs), because new algorithms were added for LCOHs and current algorithms were revised for the 2016 update. The new LCOHs algorithms include clear cell carcinomas, mucinous carcinomas, and grade 1 (low-grade) serous carcinomas/endometrioid epithelial carcinomas. The LCOHs also include carcinosarcomas (malignant mixed Müllerian tumors of the ovary), borderline epithelial tumors (also known as low malignant potential tumors), malignant sex cord-stromal tumors, and malignant germ cell tumors...
September 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
J A Ramos-Vara, C B Frank, D DuSold, M A Miller
Expression of thyroid transcription factor (TTF)-1 corroborates a thyroid origin of neoplasms. Thyroglobulin and calcitonin immunohistochemistry (IHC) can distinguish between a follicular and C-cell origin of thyroid tumours, respectively. Pax8 (expressed by normal canine thyroid follicular cells) and napsin A (expressed mainly by C-cells) labelling was compared with labelling for TTF-1, thyroglobulin and calcitonin in 114 canine proliferative thyroid lesions. All 81 follicular tumours expressed thyroglobulin and were negative for calcitonin; 79/81 (98%) of these tumours expressed TTF-1 and Pax8 and 60/81 (74%) expressed napsin A...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
Giovanna Giordano, Roberto Berretta, Enrico Silini
BACKGROUND: In the ovary, sarcomatoid carcinoma has been reported only as mural nodules in epithelial malignant or borderline serous or mucinous cystic neoplasms, and in teratomas. In this paper we report a rare case of a solid sarcomatoid carcinoma of the ovary, without accompanying component of giant cells, pleomorphic cells, or glandular and other epithelial structures. CASE PRESENTATION: This case report refers to a sarcomatoid carcinoma of the ovary in in a 57 year-old woman with abdominal pain...
August 5, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
J Alejandro Rauh-Hain, Michael Birrer, Marcela G Del Carmen
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian carcinosarcoma (OCS) is a rare malignancy accounting for only 1-4% of all ovarian cancers. The treatment of OCS is largely based on data from small case series and management of other histologic subtypes of epithelial ovarian cancer. We reviewed the literature pertinent to the pathology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of women with OCS. METHODS: MEDLINE was searched in English for literature on OCS, focusing on the past 30years. Given the rarity of this tumor, studies were not limited by design or number of reported patients...
August 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
V V Skyba, S H Hychka, O V Ivanko, P V Kuzyk, V V Lysytsia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Ileana W Carnevali, Laura Cimetti, Nora Sahnane, Laura Libera, Alessandra Cavallero, Giorgio Formenti, Cristina Riva, Maria Grazia Tibiletti
Ovarian carcinosarcomas (OCS), also known as malignant mixed mesodermal/Müllerian tumors, are rare neoplasms (1%-4% of all malignant ovarian tumors) composed of high-grade malignant epithelial and mesenchymal elements. OCS occurs in older women. It is associated with a poor outcome and is usually not involved in inherited cancer syndromes. We present 2 cases of OCS; one arising in a patient with a pathogenetic BRCA1 mutation and the other in a woman affected by Lynch Syndrome (LS) carrying a MSH6 germline mutation...
May 10, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Mustafa Gazi Uçar, Tansel Çakir, Tolgay Tuyan Ilhan, Pinar Karabagli, Çetin Çelik
Malignant Mixed Mullerian Tumour of the Ovary (OMMMT), also referred to as carcinosarcoma is a very rare tumour accounting for less than 1% of all ovarian cancers. Due to the rarity of OMMMT, little is known about the disease course and outcome of women with these tumours. It is important to evaluate because of its aggressive behaviour with extremely unfavourable prognosis. These tumours are composed of both malignant epithelial and mesenchymal elements. Current data in the literature is still limited to small case series and case reports, therefore, its optimal treatment is somewhat controversial...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
J Alejandro Rauh-Hain, Rafael Gonzalez, Amy J Bregar, Joel Clemmer, Abraham Hernández-Blanquisett, Rachel M Clark, John O Schorge, Marcela G Del Carmen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine if outcomes of patients with ovarian carcinosarcoma (OCS) differ from those of women with high-grade papillary serous ovarian carcinoma (HG-PSOC) when compared by stage and treatment modalities. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried to identify patients with OCS and HG-PSOC diagnosed between 2003 and 2011. Demographic and clinical data were compared, and the impact of tumor histology on survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method...
July 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Yoshiki Mikami
A decade of accumulated evidence has led to significant progress and a paradigm shift in ovarian tumor pathology. Now, ovarian carcinoma is widely recognized as a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with regard to histogenesis and underlying molecular mechanisms. Ovarian carcinoma is, therefore, divided into 2 clinicopathologic groups: type 1 and type 2 tumors. Type 1 tumors arise in association with benign neoplastic conditions (adenoma-carcinoma sequence). They include endometriosis-related ovarian neoplasias, such as clear cell carcinoma and low-grade endometrioid carcinoma, which are derived from atypical endometriosis or adenofibroma, as well as mucinous carcinoma and low-grade serous carcinoma, which are commonly associated with mucinous and serous borderline tumors, respectively...
March 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
M J Kanis, V Kolev, J Getrajdman, K Zakashansky, C Cohen, J Rahaman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the management and outcome in patients with advanced stage primary carcinosarcoma (CS) of the ovary in a single institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective analysis of all patients treated for CS of the ovary between 1994 and 2011. The medical records, operative reports and pathology records were abstracted for baseline characteristics, surgical staging, degree of cytoreduction and chemotherapy regimens used. Standard statistical methods for analysis of the data were used...
2016: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Keith Y Terada, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Bruce Kessel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of previous gynecologic surgery, hormone use, and use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the risk of type 1 and type 2 ovarian cancer. METHODS: We utilized data collected for the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian cancer screening trial. All diagnosed ovarian cancers were divided into three groups: type 1, endometrioid, clear cell, mucinous, low grade serous, and low grade adenocarcinoma/not otherwise specified (NOS); type 2, high grade serous, undifferentiated, carcinosarcoma, and high grade adenocarcinoma/NOS; and other: adenocarcinoma with grade or histology not specified, borderline tumors, granulosa cell tumors...
May 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Muhammad R Khawaja, Alpa M Nick, Vinu Madhusudanannair, Siqing Fu, David Hong, Lacey M McQuinn, Chaan S Ng, Sarina A Piha-Paul, Filip Janku, Vivek Subbiah, Apostolia Tsimberidou, Daniel Karp, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Karen H Lu, Aung Naing
PURPOSE: Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors like temsirolimus may result in undesirable AKT upregulation. Metformin inhibits mTOR through different mechanisms and may enhance temsirolimus's antitumor activity. We conducted an open-label phase I dose escalation trial of this drug combination in patients with advanced/refractory cancers. METHODS: Temsirolimus, 25 mg weekly, was combined with an escalating daily dose of metformin (level 1: 500; level 2: 1000; level 3: 1500; level 4: 2000 mg) by utilizing a standard 3 + 3 trial design...
May 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Lei Wang, Cong Tan, Xiaoyu Tu, Yongsheng Zhang, Xinxia Li, Bin Chang
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathologic features of small cell carcinoma of ovary, hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT) and to evaluate the diagnostic significance of loss of SMARCA4 expression. METHODS: The clinicopathologic characteristics of 5 cases of SCCOHT were reviewed. The expression of SMARCA4 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry in the cases of SCCOHT and 240 cases of other primary malignant tumors of ovary and peritoneum. RESULTS: The mean and medium age of these patients was 30 years and 28 years, respectively...
December 2015: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Jeong-Won Lee, Eun Jin Heo, Seung Hwan Moon, Hyunjong Lee, Gi Jeong Cheon, Maria Lee, Hee Seung Kim, Hyun Hoon Chung
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between functional tumour parameters measured during preoperative (18)F-FDG PET/CT and clinical outcomes in patients with uterine carcinosarcoma. METHODS: For patients with pathologically proven uterine carcinosarcoma, we determined the maximal and average standardized uptake values, cumulative total lesion glycolysis (TLG) and sum of all metabolic tumour volumes (MTVs). Their predictive value for recurrence and the effects of pretreatment functional tumour activity on patient survival were compared...
February 16, 2016: European Radiology
Mojgan Devouassoux-Shisheboran, Catherine Genestie, Isabelle Ray-Coquard
Malignant epithelial tumors (carcinomas) are the most common ovarian cancers and the most lethal gynecological malignancies. Based on their heterogeneous morphology, a dualistic model of carcinogenesis was proposed in 2004. Type I carcinomas, composed of low grade serous, endometrioid, mucinous, clear cell carcinomas and malignant Brenner tumors, were distinct from type II carcinomas (high grade serous, undifferentiated carcinomas and carcinosarcomas). However, clinical studies failed to demonstrate the prognostic value of such a classification...
March 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
Demir Hale, Demiroz Ahu Senem, Aydin Ovgu, Erenel Hakan, Ilvan Sennur, Calay Zerrin, Demirkiran Fuat
Only five cases of recurrence of malignant mixed Mullerian tumor (carcinosarcoma) from the ovarian carcinoma have been published in the literature to our knowledge. A 64-year-old woman first underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy because of pelvic mass. Histological diagnosis was serous papillary carcinoma of the left ovary. After six courses of chemotherapy, CA125 level returned to normal range. However, she had persistent multiple mediastinal and para-aortic lymphadenopathies in spite of additional six courses of chemotherapy...
2015: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Y Takemoto, T Ota, Y Aoki, K Ogura, D Ogishima, T Matsumoto
The authors report a case of carcinosarcoma (CS) of the fimbria of the fallopian tube in which carcinoma cells disappeared with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). A 74-year-old woman visited the present hospital with a large pelvic mass and pleural effusion. A magnetic resonance image of the tumor was highly suggestive of ovarian carcinoma. Due to the presence of both serous.adenocarcinoma cells in pleural effusion and pulmonary thrombosis, the patient was given NAC consisting of carboplatin plus paclitaxel (TC) and anticoagulant therapy with warfarin potassium...
2015: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Francesca Ferrari, Stefania Bellone, Jonathan Black, Carlton L Schwab, Salvatore Lopez, Emiliano Cocco, Elena Bonazzoli, Federica Predolini, Gulden Menderes, Babak Litkouhi, Elena Ratner, Dan-Arin Silasi, Masoud Azodi, Peter E Schwartz, Alessandro D Santin
BACKGROUND: Uterine and ovarian carcinosarcomas (CS) are rare but highly aggressive gynecologic tumors which carry an extremely poor prognosis. We evaluated the expression levels of EpCAM and the in vitro activity of solitomab, a bispecific single-chain antibody construct which targets epithelial-cell-adhesion-molecule (EpCAM) on tumor cells and also contains a CD3 binding region, against primary uterine and ovarian CS cell lines. METHODS: EpCAM expression was evaluated by flow cytometry in a total of 5 primary CS cell lines...
October 17, 2015: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
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