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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791913/lymphadenectomy-and-adjuvant-therapy-improve-survival-with-uterine-carcinosarcoma-a-large-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Marco A C Versluis, Cindy Pielsticker, Maaike A van der Aa, Marco de Bruyn, Harry Hollema, Hans W Nijman
OBJECTIVE: Uterine carcinosarcoma is a rare, aggressive subtype of endometrial cancer. Treatment consists of hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and lymphadenectomy (LND). The survival benefit of LND in relation to adjuvant radio- and/or chemotherapy is unclear. We evaluated the impact of LND on survival in relation to adjuvant therapy in uterine carcinosarcoma. METHODS: Retrospective data on 1,140 cases were combined from the Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR) and the nationwide network and registry of histo- and cytopathology in the Netherlands (PALGA)...
May 23, 2018: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780130/esophageal-carcinosarcoma-that-was-diagnosed-as-a-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-and-interleukin-6-producing-tumor-with-a-tumor-fever-a-case-report
#2
Taro Shioga, Shozo Matsushima, Eiji Yamada, Takashi Utiyama, Haruka Noto, Daisuke Suzuki, Takashi Nonaka, Shiro Miyazawa, Tatsuji Komatsu, Yuji Yamamoto, Hitoshi Sekido, Hitoshi Niino
A 51-year-old man visited our hospital with a main complaint of precordial pain, difficulty swallowing, and pyrexia. The patient was diagnosed with esophageal carcinosarcoma, based on the characteristic morphology noted on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and histology tests, and he underwent surgical treatment. His preoperative blood granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were high, and the surgical specimens were positive in both immunohistochemical tests; therefore, he was diagnosed with a G-CSF- and IL-6-producing tumor...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755123/carcinosarcoma-of-the-esophagus-with-rapid-morphological-change
#3
Yohei Yabuuchi, Masaki Tanaka, Hiroyuki Ono
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747687/androgen-receptor-expression-in-endometrial-carcinoma-and-its-correlation-with-clinicopathologic-features
#4
Atif Ali Hashmi, Zubaida Fida Hussain, Amna Qadri, Muhammad Irfan, Sahar Ramzan, Naveen Faridi, Amir Khan, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi
OBJECTIVES: Recent evidence suggests a role of androgen receptor expression as a prognostic and therapeutic biomarker in endometrial carcinoma, therefore in the present study we aimed to evaluate the frequency of androgen expression in different subtypes of endometrial carcinoma and its association with clinic-pathologic features. RESULTS: 18/89 (20.2%) cases of endometrial carcinoma showed positive androgen receptor expression. On the other hand, low, moderate and high androgen receptor expression was noted in 7/89 (7...
May 10, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730944/-multimodal-treatment-of-malignant-mixed-m%C3%A3-llerian-tumor
#5
Judit Kalincsák, Péter Gőcze, József Bódis, Krisztina Kovács, Ágnes Stefanovits, Noémi Bohonyi, Sándor Péntek, Szilárd Papp
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic factors and treatment options of a very rare and highly aggressive type of uterine neoplasms, the malignant mixed Müllerian tumor, known as carcinosarcoma. METHOD: Between 2009 and 2017, 29 patients were treated with malignant mixed Müllerian tumor. At stage I, surgery and postoperative radiotherapy were performed. At stages II-IV, trimodal treatment (surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy) was administered...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719799/nab-paclitaxel-plus-carboplatin-as-an-effective-and-safe-chemotherapy-regimen-for-pulmonary-carcinosarcoma-with-interstitial-lung-disease-a-case-report
#6
Hideyuki Niwa, Sakiko Otani, Norihiro Nakada, Jiichiro Sasaki, Hideo Saka, Noriyuki Masuda
Carcinosarcoma is a rare histological type of non-small cell carcinoma (NSCLC), and its prognosis has been reported to be worse compared with other NSCLCs. Nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-PTX) + carboplatin (CBDCA) achieves a favorable response rate in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We administered nab-PTX + CBDCA to a 68-year-old man with postoperative recurrent carcinosarcoma with interstitial lung disease (ILD). A partial response was evident after four cycles of chemotherapy...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718305/invasive-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-survival-by-histotype-and-disease-stage
#7
Lauren C Peres, Kara L Cushing-Haugen, Martin Köbel, Holly R Harris, Andrew Berchuck, Mary Anne Rossing, Joellen M Schildkraut, Jennifer A Doherty
Background: The understanding of ovarian cancer pathogenesis has recently shifted to recognize distinct changes in how ovarian cancer histotypes are defined. Using the 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic guidelines, we classified ovarian cancer histotypes in Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) cancer registry data and examined survival patterns by histotype and disease stage. Methods: We extracted data on 28 118 incident epithelial ovarian cancer cases diagnosed in 2004-2014 from SEER and defined histotype using the 2014 WHO guidelines (high-grade serous, low-grade serous, endometrioid, clear cell, mucinous, carcinosarcoma, and malignant Brenner tumors)...
April 28, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707199/epigenetic-silencing-of-lncrna-mort-in-16-tcga-cancer-types
#8
Lukas Vrba, Bernard W Futscher
We have previously described a hominid-specific long non-coding RNA, MORT (also known as ZNF667-AS1 , Gene ID: 100128252), which is expressed in all normal cell types, but epigenetically silenced during cancer-associated immortalization of human mammary epithelial cells.  Initial analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) showed that 15 of 17 cancer types, which represent the 10 most common cancers in women and men, display DNA methylation associated MORT silencing in a large fraction of their tumors.  In this study we analyzed MORT expression and DNA methylation state in the remaining 16 TCGA cancer types not previously reported...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706823/locally-advanced-carcinosarcoma-of-the-pancreas
#9
Sasha A Still, Carlos R Becerra, Stacia E Clement-Kruzel, Keith M Cavaness
Carcinosarcoma is a rare subtype of pancreatic neoplasm including both carcinomatous and sarcomatous components. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported to the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program database. Given such rarity, definitive treatment guidelines are not well defined. We report a case of pancreatic carcinosarcoma diagnosed in our institution, review tumor clinicopathological characteristics, and describe our medical and surgical management strategy.
April 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691646/retrospective-validation-of-the-laparoscopic-icg-sln-mapping-in-patients-with-grade-3-endometrial-cancer
#10
Andrea Papadia, Maria Luisa Gasparri, Anda P Radan, Chantal A L Stämpfli, Tilman T Rau, Michael D Mueller
PURPOSE: To evaluate the sensitivity, negative predictive value (NPV) and false-negative (FN) rate of the near infrared (NIR) indocyanine green (ICG) sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in patients with poorly differentiated endometrial cancer who have undergone a full pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy after SLN mapping. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with endometrial cancer undergoing a laparoscopic NIR-ICG SLN mapping followed by a systematic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671892/frequent-loss-of-claudin-4-expression-in-dedifferentiated-and-undifferentiated-endometrial-carcinomas
#11
Basile Tessier-Cloutier, Robert A Soslow, Colin J R Stewart, Martin Köbel, Cheng-Han Lee
INTRO: Dedifferentiated/undifferentiated endometrial carcinomas (DDEC/UEC) are aggressive endometrial cancers with frequent genomic inactivation of core components of switch/sucrose non-fermentable (SWI/SNF) complex proteins. Claudin-4, an epithelial intercellular tight junction protein was recently found to be expressed in SWI/SNF-deficient undifferentiated carcinomas but not SWI/SNF-deficient sarcomas. The aim of this study is to examine claudin-4 expression in UEC/DDEC and other high-grade uterine carcinomas...
April 19, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666695/primary-cutaneous-carcinosarcoma-a-cutaneous-neoplasm-with-an-exceptional-presentation
#12
Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde, José Aneiros-Fernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659191/optimised-arid1a-immunohistochemistry-is-an-accurate-predictor-of-arid1a-mutational-status-in-gynaecological-cancers
#13
Saira Khalique, Kalnisha Naidoo, Ayoma D Attygalle, Divya Kriplani, Frances Daley, Anne Lowe, James Campbell, Thomas Jones, Michael Hubank, Kerry Fenwick, Nicholas Matthews, Alistair G Rust, Christopher J Lord, Susana Banerjee, Rachael Natrajan
ARID1A is a tumour suppressor gene that is frequently mutated in clear cell and endometrioid carcinomas of the ovary and endometrium and is an important clinical biomarker for novel treatment approaches for patients with ARID1A defects. However, the accuracy of ARID1A immunohistochemistry (IHC) as a surrogate for mutation status has not fully been established for patient stratification in clinical trials. Here we tested whether ARID1A immunohistochemistry could reliably predict ARID1A mutations identified by next-generation sequencing...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643680/fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-an-interesting-case-of-uterine-carcinosarcoma-with-isolated-appendicular-skeletal-metastases
#14
Chidambaram Natrajan Balasubramanian Harisankar
Uterine carcinosarcomas, also known as malignant mixed mullerian tumors, are one of the rare and most aggressive neoplasms of the uterus. They have an aggressive course and can spread to distant organs. Owing to the low incidence of these tumors, the optimal adjuvant management after surgery is not well established. Many patients develop distant metastases during follow-up. An interesting case of uterine carcinosarcoma who developed metastases to the femur, tibia, and calcaneum during follow is presented.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629727/the-association-of-an-elevated-thrombocyte-count-with-clinicopathological-prognostic-factors-and-survival-in-patients-with-uterine-carcinosarcoma
#15
Joseph Menczer, Osnat Elyashiv, Erez Ben-Shem, Ofri Peled, Tally Levy
BACKGROUND: Uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) is a rare tumor with a poor prognosis. An elevated thrombocyte count and thrombocytosis were found to be associated with poor prognosis in several gynecological tumors. Data regarding an elevated thrombocyte count and thrombocytosis, particularly in UCS, are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequency of a preoperative elevated thrombocyte count and of thrombocytosis in UCS patients and their association with clinicopathological prognostic factors and survival...
April 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626374/cleaved-caspase-3-expression-is-a-potential-prognostic-factor-for-endometrial-cancer-with-positive-peritoneal-cytology
#16
Naoki Ogane, Masanori Yasuda, Hisamori Kato, Tomomi Kato, Mitsutake Yano, Yoichi Kameda, Shingo Kamoshida
OBJECTIVE: Positive peritoneal cytology (PPC) in endometrial cancer remains a controversial topic. Cleaved caspase-3 (CC3) and Ki-67 are excellent markers of apoptotic and proliferating cells, respectively. The objective of this study was to determine the significance of CC3 and Ki-67 expression in peritoneal cytology samples as prognostic factors for endometrial cancer with PPC. METHODS: Sixty endometrial cancer specimens with PPC alone were divided into 51 endometrioid tumours (43 endometrioid carcinomas and 8 carcinomas with squamous differentiation) and 9 non-endometrioid tumours (2 serous carcinomas, 3 clear cell carcinomas, and 4 carcinosarcomas)...
April 6, 2018: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620586/predictive-histologic-factors-in-carcinosarcomas-of-the-uterus-a-multiinstitutional-study
#17
Eman Abdulfatah, Leonardo Lordello, Muhammad Khurram, Koen Van de Vijver, Baraa Alosh, Sudeshna Bandyopadhyay, Esther Oliva, Rouba Ali-Fehmi
Uterine carcinosarcomas are rare aggressive biphasic neoplasms. Because of its rarity, limited data are available on potential prognostic parameters. While several studies support that carcinomatous components predict outcomes, others do not. In this study, we evaluated the clinical and histopathologic features of 196 uterine carcinosarcomas to identify potential prognostic factors. Patients' ages ranged from 34 to 95 yr (median, 68 yr). Seventy-three (38%) patients experienced tumor recurrence during follow-up...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620581/coexistence-of-braf-v600e-and-tert-promoter-mutations-in-low-grade-serous-carcinoma-of-ovary-recurring-as-carcinosarcoma-in-a-lymph-node-report-of-a-case
#18
Mahkam Tavallaee, David F Steiner, James L Zehnder, Ann K Folkins, Amer K Karam
Low-grade serous carcinomas only rarely coexist with or progress to high-grade tumors. We present a case of low-grade serous carcinoma with transformation to carcinosarcoma on recurrence in the lymph node. Identical BRAF V600E and telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter mutations were identified in both the original and recurrent tumor. Given that telomerase reverse transcriptase promotor mutations are thought to play a role in progression of other tumor types, the function of telomerase reverse transcriptase mutations in BRAF mutated low-grade serous carcinoma deserves investigation...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600974/morphological-features-of-doxorubicin-resistant-walker-256-carcinosarcoma-and-response-of-mast-cells
#19
N V Boroday, V F Chekhun
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of drug resistance of cancer have not been yet elucidated in details. Recently, the role of mast cells (MCs) in the development of drug resistance has been brought in the limelight. The aim of the study was to examine the morphological features of doxorubicin (DOX)-resistant Walker 256 carcinosarcoma and to assess the response of MCs and histamine content in these cells in relation to the development of resistance to DOX as well as in DOX-resistant tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The DOX resistance was induced by serial passages of Walker 256 carcinosarcoma in rats in the setting of DOX treatment in vivo...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600231/outcomes-of-carcinosarcoma-in-a-tertiary-care-institution-in-india
#20
Anne George Cherian, Anitha Thomas, Ajit Sebastian, Tunny Sebastian, Vinotha Thomas, Rachel G Chandy, Abraham Peedicayil
Background: Carcinosarcoma is a rare malignancy, and reports are often mixed along with other sarcomas. The literature on uterine carcinosarcoma per se is sparse. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the demography, survival, and optimal treatment strategy of uterine carcinosarcoma. Settings and Design: A tertiary care center in India. The study design was descriptive with survival analysis. Materials and Methods: The medical records of all 18 patients admitted with uterine carcinosarcoma between January 2011 and December 2015 were reviewed...
January 2018: South Asian Journal of Cancer
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