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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449302/prescribing-safety-assessment-2016-delivery-of-a-national-prescribing-assessment-to-7-343-uk-final-year-medical-students
#1
Simon R J Maxwell, Jamie J Coleman, Lynne Bollington, Celia Taylor, David J Webb
AIM(S): Newly graduated doctors write a large proportion of prescriptions in UK hospitals but recent studies have shown that they frequently make prescribing errors. The Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) has been developed as an assessment of competence in relation to prescribing and supervising the use of medicines. This report describes the delivery of the PSA to all UK final-year medical students in 2016 (PSA2016). METHODS: The PSA is a 2-hour online assessment comprising eight sections which cover various aspects of prescribing defined within the outcomes of undergraduate education identified by the UK General Medical Council...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449221/assessment-of-sun-protective-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-australian-medical-students
#2
A J Scott, V Harris, A Lee, S D Smith
Skin cancer is a major public health concern in Australia and around the world, and UV radiation exposure is accepted as the most readily modifiable risk factor for the disease(1) . The attitudes and behaviours of young adults towards sun protection play an important role in their future risk of skin cancer, and are thus an important target for sun-safety messaging. A cross-sectional study aiming to investigate the sun-protective behaviours and attitudes of Australian medical students during both everyday outdoor activities and while travelling for leisure was conducted via an online questionnaire...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448945/teaching-the-basics-of-cancer-metabolism-developing-antitumor-strategies-by-exploiting-the-differences-between-normal-and-cancer-cell-metabolism
#3
REVIEW
Balaraman Kalyanaraman
This review of the basics of cancer metabolism focuses on exploiting the metabolic differences between normal and cancer cells. The first part of the review covers the different metabolic pathways utilized in normal cells to generate cellular energy, or ATP, and the glycolytic intermediates required to build the cellular machinery. The second part of the review discusses aerobic glycolysis, or the Warburg effect, and the metabolic reprogramming involving glycolysis, tricarboxylic acid cycle, and glutaminolysis in the context of developing targeted inhibitors in cancer cells...
April 13, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445223/the-four-tier-continuum-of-academic-and-behavioral-support-4t-cabs-model-an-integrated-model-for-medical-student-success
#4
Karen M Stegers-Jager, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Axel P N Themmen
Not all students cope successfully with the demands of medical school, and students' struggles may result in study delay or dropout. To prevent these outcomes, medical schools need to identify students who are experiencing academic difficul ;ties and provide them with timely interventions through access to support programs. Although the importance of early identification and intervention is well recognized, less is known about successful strategies for identifying and supporting struggling students.Building on the literature and their own empirical findings, the authors propose an integrated, school-wide model for medical student success comprising a continuum of academic and behavioral support...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445222/development-of-an-hiv-postexposure-prophylaxis-pep-protocol-for-trainees-engaging-in-academic-global-health-experiences
#5
Gitanjli Arora, Risa M Hoffman
PROBLEM: Global health (GH) education programs have become increasingly common in U.S. medical schools and graduate medical education programs, with growing numbers of medical students, residents, and fellows participating in clinical experiences in settings with high HIV prevalence and limited resources. However, there are no guidelines for provision of HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) to trainees engaging in these academic GH experiences. APPROACH: Faculty of the Global Health Education Programs (GHEP) at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and GH partner institutions recognized the need for PEP access for trainees engaged in GH experiences...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445219/canadian-national-guidelines-and-recommendations-for-integrating-career-advising-into-medical-school-curricula
#6
Kelly Howse, June Harris, Nancy Dalgarno
Career planning, decision making about specialty choice, and preparation for residency matching are significant sources of stress for medical students. Attempts have been made to structure and formalize career advising by including it in accreditation standards. There is an expressed need for national guidelines on career advising for medical students. The Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Implementation Project was created to ensure Canadian medical trainees receive the best education possible...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445214/teaching-the-social-determinants-of-health-a-path-to-equity-or-a-road-to-nowhere
#7
Malika Sharma, Andrew D Pinto, Arno K Kumagai
Medical schools are increasingly called to include social responsibility in their mandates. As such, they are focusing their attention on the social determinants of health (SDOH) as key drivers in the health of the patients and communities they serve. However, underlying this emphasis on SDOH is the assumption that teaching medical students about SDOH will lead future physicians to take action to help achieve health equity. There is little evidence to support this belief. In many ways, the current approach to SDOH within medical education positions the SDOH as "facts to be known" rather than as "conditions to be challenged and changed...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445196/the-use-of-a-fresh-tissue-cadaver-model-for-the-instruction-of-dermatological-procedures-a-laboratory-study-for-training-medical-students
#8
Jose A Cervantes, Collin M Costello, Melody Maarouf, Hilary C McCrary, Nathalie C Zeitouni
BACKGROUND: A realistic model for the instruction of basic dermatologic procedural skills was developed, while simultaneously increasing medical student exposure to the field of dermatology. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of the authors' study was to evaluate the utilization of a fresh-tissue cadaver model (FTCM) as a method for the instruction of common dermatologic procedures. The authors' secondary aim was to assess students' perceived clinical skills and overall perception of the field of dermatology after the lab...
April 24, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444783/taiwanese-and-sri-lankan-students-dimensions-and-discourses-of-professionalism
#9
Lynn V Monrouxe, Madawa Chandratilake, Katherine Gosselin, Charlotte E Rees, Ming-Jung Ho
CONTEXT: The definition of medical professionalism poses a challenge to global medical educators. This is especially pronounced in settings where professionalism frameworks developed in the west are transferred into different cultures. Building upon our previous study across Western contexts, we examine Taiwanese and Sri Lankan medical students' conceptualisations of professionalism in terms of what professionalism comprises (i.e. dimensions) and how it is linguistically framed (i.e. discourses)...
April 25, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443383/beneficial-effects-of-lactobacillus-casei-strain-shirota-on-academic-stress-induced-sleep-disturbance-in-healthy-adults-a-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
M Takada, K Nishida, Y Gondo, H Kikuchi-Hayakawa, H Ishikawa, K Suda, M Kawai, R Hoshi, Y Kuwano, K Miyazaki, K Rokutan
The present study examined whether Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS) improves sleep quality under psychological stress. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in healthy 4(th) year medical students exposed to academic examination stress. The trial was repeated over two consecutive years in different groups of students, and the data were pooled. For 8 weeks prior to and 3 weeks after a national standardised examination, a total of 48 and 46 subjects received a daily dose of 100 ml of LcS-fermented milk or non-fermented placebo milk, respectively...
April 26, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441674/the-development-of-an-indigenous-health-curriculum-for-medical-students
#11
Melissa Lewis, Amy Prunuske
Indigenous populations experience dramatic health disparities; yet, few medical schools equip students with the skills to address these inequities. At the University of Minnesota Medical School, Duluth campus, a project to develop an Indigenous health curriculum began in September 2013. This project used collaborative and decolonizing methods to gather ideas and opinions from multiple stakeholders, including students, community members, faculty, and administration, to guide the process of adding Indigenous health content to the curriculum to prepare students to work effectively with Indigenous populations...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441129/medical-school-outreach-and-mentorship-for-rural-secondary-school-students-a-pilot-of-the-southwestern-ontario-medical-mentorship-program
#12
Maija A Robinson, Matt B Douglas-Vail, Jessica N Bryce, Theunis J van Zyl
INTRODUCTION: Rural communities in Canada face challenges with physician recruitment. Physicians from rural backgrounds are more likely to practise in rural areas; however, rural students are underrepresented in medical schools. To address this, the Southwestern Ontario Medical Mentorship Program (SWOMMP) was created to expose rural secondary school students to medical careers. METHODS: This pilot project involved a school-based interactive session run by rural medical students on paths to medicine, medical specialties and skills workshops of roughly 2...
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440999/-epistemic-injustice-during-the-medical-education-process-in-the-hospital-context
#13
Carolina Consejo-Y Chapela, Carlos Alfonso Viesca-Treviño
BACKGROUND: The educational model adopted by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Faculty of Medicine is constructivist; it is a model based on competence development. It aims to provide learning environments that incorporate real activities (it helps the students to develop social negotiation skills, as part of their integral learning; it encourages them to take a critical and reflexive approach; and it is also a student-centered model). However, many challenges arise when this model is implemented in the context of hospital environments...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440125/palliative-care-education-for-medical-students-differences-in-course-evolution-organisation-evaluation-and-funding-a-survey-of-all-uk-medical-schools
#14
Steven Walker, Jane Gibbins, Paul Paes, Astrid Adams, Madawa Chandratilake, Faye Gishen, Philip Lodge, Bee Wee, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: A proportion of newly qualified doctors report feeling unprepared to manage patients with palliative care and end-of-life needs. This may be related to barriers within their institution during undergraduate training. Information is limited regarding the current organisation of palliative care teaching across UK medical schools. AIMS: To investigate the evolution and structure of palliative care teaching at UK medical schools. DESIGN: Anonymised, web-based questionnaire...
June 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440094/small-group-activities-within-academic-communities-improve-the-connectedness-of-students-and-faculty
#15
Katharina Brandl, Stephen D Schneid, Sunny Smith, Babbi Winegarden, Jess Mandel, Carolyn J Kelly
BACKGROUND: The University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine implemented a curriculum change that included reduction of lectures, incorporation of problem-based learning and other small group activities. Six academic communities were introduced for teaching longitudinal curricular content and organizing extracurricular activities. METHODS: Surveys were collected from 904 first- and second-year medical students over 6 years. Student satisfaction data with their sense of connectedness and community support were collected before and after the implementation of the new curriculum...
April 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439719/radiological-imaging-of-teratological-fetuses-what-can-we-learn
#16
REVIEW
Lucas L Boer, A N Schepens-Franke, J J A van Asten, D G H Bosboom, K Kamphuis-van Ulzen, T L Kozicz, D J Ruiter, R-J Oostra, W M Klein
OBJECTIVES: To determine the advantages of radiological imaging of a collection of full-term teratological fetuses in order to increase their scientific and educational value. BACKGROUND : Anatomical museums around the world exhibit full-term teratological fetuses. Unfortunately, these museums are regularly considered as "morbid cabinets". Detailed dysmorphological information concerning the exhibited specimens is often lacking. Moreover, fetuses with severe and complex congenital anomalies are frequently diagnosed incompletely, incorrectly or not at all...
April 24, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438126/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-myopia-in-inner-mongolia-medical-students-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Lan Wang, Maolin Du, He Yi, Shengyun Duan, Wenfang Guo, Peng Qin, Zhihui Hao, Juan Sun
BACKGROUND: To further explore characteristics of myopia and changes in factors associated with myopia among students at Inner Mongolia Medical University. METHODS: Two cross-sectional censuses were conducted in 2011 and 2013. Participants were medical students residing on campus in 2011 and 2013. Logistic regression analysis was performed to ascertain associations with basic information, genetic factors, environmental factors. The χ(2) test was used to test for differences in prevalence between 2011 and 2013...
April 24, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437428/prevalence-of-alcohol-use-disorders-among-under-and-post-graduate-healthcare-students-in-italy
#18
Monica Lamberti, Francesco Napolitano, Paola Napolitano, Antonio Arnese, Vincenzo Crispino, Gianclaudio Panariello, Gabriella Di Giuseppe
A cross-sectional study was carried out on 641 medical students, 359 students attending a degree course in the healthcare professions, and 500 resident physicians, all undergoing health surveillance at the ambulatory of the Division of Occupational Medicine, Second University of Naples, Italy. 76.1% of the participants drank alcohol, with 85.5% of medical students, 77.4% of resident physicians, and 63% of healthcare-professions students reporting regular alcohol use. In the whole sample, the mean Audit-C score was 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436204/disabled-graduate-entry-medical-student-experience
#19
Simon Tso
BACKGROUND: This study explored the experiences of graduate-entry medicine degree programme students who were disabled on the disclosure of their disability and the challenging disability issues they encountered during their degree programme. METHODS: Eight student volunteers with a disability from the University of Warwick graduate-entry medicine degree programme took part in this study. Audio recordings of their semi-structured interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436156/faculty-development-effects-on-clerkship-grades
#20
Benjamin Griffeth, Michael Wiederman
BACKGROUND: Faculty member assessment of clerkship students' clinical performance has been noted as a consistently problematic issue within most medical student clerkships, and thus a worthy target of faculty development. One of the primary challenges in such faculty development is creating a change that improves the clinical assessment of students in a meaningful way. METHOD: In the current study we evaluated the effects of a pair of brief interventions designed to facilitate greater use of the 'Not observed' option in faculty member assessments of clerkship students (as opposed to use of 'Meets expectations' for skills actually not observed by the rater) within a psychiatry rotation for third-year medical students in the USA...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
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