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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792894/medical-students-reflect-on-the-future-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-use-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#1
Ivie Eweka, Jean Fleuriscar, Jacqueline Fleuriscar, Adenike Adeyemi-Jones, Brianna Dillon, Tashuna Albritton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792738/integrated-interventional-radiology-residency-program-websites-a-development-in-progress
#2
Sherwin Novin, Paul H Yi, Taylor Vanderplas, Douglas Yim, Kelvin Hong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the comprehensiveness of interventional radiology (IR) residency program websites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined whether all integrated IR residency programs approved in 2016 by the Society for Interventional Radiology had a dedicated residency program website. On each website, we searched for 38 elements identified as important considerations for medical students applying to diagnostic radiology residency and IR fellowship programs...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792534/intensity-of-previous-teaching-but-not-diagnostic-skills-influences-stigmatization-of-patients-with-substance-use-disorder-by-general-practice-residents-a-vignette-study-among-french-final-year-residents-in-general-practice
#3
Julie Dupouy, Aurore Vergnes, Catherine Laporte, Shérazade Kinouani, Marc Auriacombe, Stéphane Oustric, Marie-Eve Rougé Bugat
BACKGROUND: High levels of stigma towards patients with substance use disorder (SUD) have been found in health professionals and medical students. OBJECTIVES: To assess the capability of residents in general practice to diagnose SUD correctly; to assess their stigmatization of patients with SUD and to assess the correlation between both variables. We hypothesized a negative correlation. METHODS: In 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among French residents in general practice, using a self-administered questionnaire...
December 2018: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791940/global-neurology-navigating-career-possibilities
#4
Nicoline Schiess, Deanna Saylor, Joseph Zunt
Neurology has not typically been associated with international relief work; however, with the growth of chronic cardiovascular disease and stroke associated with unhealthy eating and sedentary ways, the appearance of "new" neurologic diseases, such as the Zika and West Nile viruses, and the high numbers of seizure disorders resulting from neuroinfectious diseases, more opportunities are arising for international and globally oriented neurologists. Multiple opportunities exist for developing a global clinician-educator career pathway, including private institutions, nongovernmental organizations, government-funded opportunities such as Medical Education Partnership Initiative, Fogarty and Fulbright Scholarships, and the American Academy of Neurology's Global Health Section...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791297/late-positive-component-event-related-potential-amplitude-predicts-long-term-classroom-based-learning
#5
Katherine W Turk, Ala'a A Elshaar, Rebecca G Deason, Nadine C Heyworth, Corrine Nagle, Bruno Frustace, Sean Flannery, Ann Zumwalt, Andrew E Budson
It is difficult to predict whether newly learned information will be retrievable in the future. A biomarker of long-lasting learning, capable of predicting an individual's future ability to retrieve a particular memory, could positively influence teaching and educational methods. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were investigated as a potential biomarker of long-lasting learning. Prior ERP studies have supported a dual-process model of recognition memory that categorizes recollection and familiarity as distinct memorial processes with distinct ERP correlates...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790660/drama-to-promote-non-verbal-communication-skills
#6
Martina Kelly, Lara Nixon, Kirsten Broadfoot, Marianna Hofmeister, Tim Dornan
BACKGROUND: Non-verbal communication skills (NVCS) help physicians to deliver relationship-centred care, and the effective use of NVCS is associated with improved patient satisfaction, better use of health services and high-quality clinical care. In contrast to verbal communication skills, NVCS training is under developed in communication curricula for the health care professions. One of the challenges teaching NVCS is their tacit nature. In this study, we evaluated drama exercises to raise awareness of NVCS by making familiar activities 'strange'...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790652/preparation-for-making-clinical-referrals
#7
Shaun P Qureshi, Katharine Rankin, Neill Storrar, Michael Freeman
BACKGROUND: The application of prior learning within medical curricula to real patient care is challenging. Clinical assistantships support UK medical students making the transition to postgraduate practice as doctors. This paper describes a method of teaching clinical referrals: the process of clinicians contacting colleagues for advice or services. The skills required are key to medical practice, and students should be supported to develop them in order to optimally benefit from their assistantships and prepare for practice...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790101/medical-student-exposure-to-integrated-behavioral-health
#8
Rebekah J Choi, Renée M Betancourt, Mario P DeMarco, Kent D W Bream
OBJECTIVE: Integrated behavioral health (IBH) allows for effective care delivery for patients with mental health and behavioral health disorders in primary care settings. This study assesses the state of exposure current medical students have to the IBH model in family medicine clerkships, in order to augment the readiness of students to participate in IBH as developing professionals. METHODS: Clerkship directors at US and Canadian medical schools with a required family medicine run course (n = 141) were asked to estimate the percentage of students exposed to IBH in their clerkships, as part of the Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) 2016 survey...
May 22, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788967/towards-a-culturally-competent-health-professional-a-south-african-case-study
#9
Margaret Matthews, Jacqueline Van Wyk
BACKGROUND: South Africa (SA) has a growing multilingual and multicultural population of approximately 55 million people, and faces service delivery challenges due to a shortage in skilled health professionals. Many health care facilities still depict distinct racial and ethnic characteristics that date back to the apartheid era, and there are reports of racial intolerance or preferential treatment at some facilities. There is limited literature in South Africa on cultural competence or on how to train health professionals to provide culturally competent care...
May 22, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786958/variability-in-student-perceptions-of-mistreatment
#10
Samantha Ellis, Joel Purkiss, Emily Abdoler, Amanda Opaskar, Rajesh S Mangrulkar, Joseph C Kolars, Sally A Santen
BACKGROUND: As medical schools strive to improve the learning environment, it is important to understand medical students' perceptions of mistreatment. The purpose of this study was to explore student interpretations of previously reported mistreatment incidents to better understand how they conceptualise the interactions. METHODS: Medical students were presented with case scenarios of previously reported instances of mistreatment and asked to indicate their agreement as to whether the scenarios demonstrated mistreatment, using a five-point Likert scale (1, strongly disagree; 5, strongly agree)...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786029/academics-anonymous-a-medical-student-s-12-step-guide-to-scholarly-productivity
#11
Nissi Wei, James A Bourgeois, Ana Hategan, Amin Azzam
An important aspect of academic medicine is publication in peer-reviewed journals and other media. Early scholarly productivity in medical school may jump-start a successful academic career. Topic choice, search methodology, writing strategies, mentorship, and collaboration are all fundamental to successful academic productivity. The authors reviewed the importance of instituting the germinal stages of scholarly productivity during medical training and created 12 steps for facilitating productive academic writing by students...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786026/sources-of-medical-student-stress
#12
Krishna Subhash Vyas, Terry D Stratton, Neelkamal S Soares
Background: Key elements in the clinical practice of prevention, health and wellness are best cultivated in medical professionals during undergraduate medical training. This study explores students' self-assessed stress relative to gender, academic expectations, and level of medical training to guide development of targeted wellness interventions. Methods: In early 2012, undergraduate (M1-M4) students in four Southeastern U.S. allopathic medical schools were surveyed about health-related attitudes and behaviors...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786024/needs-assessment-of-ophthalmology-education-for-undergraduate-medical-students-a-study-from-a-medical-college-in-south-india
#13
Karuppannasamy Divya, Kannappan Suvetha, Alo Sen, Devisundaram Sundar
Background: Adequate ophthalmic diagnostic and clinical skills are essential for practitioners in primary care settings as well as specialty care physicians. The objectives of this study were to assess the adequacy of ophthalmology teaching in undergraduate medical education and to evaluate the comfort of medical students in diagnosing common eye problems and performing ophthalmic skills. Methods: A questionnaire based, cross-sectional survey was conducted among third-year undergraduate students from a medical college in South India at the end of ophthalmology training from February 2014 to December 2014...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786023/near-peer-assisted-learning-to-improve-confidence-for-medical-students-situational-judgment-tests
#14
Naomi Gostelow, Germander Soothill, Seema Vawda, David Annan
Background: The situational judgment test (SJT) was introduced for all graduating United Kingdom medical students in 2013. Students have anxiety over time pressures and heavy weighting of a single examination. Aims: This study aimed to examine formal SJT preparation available, perceptions of a near peer-delivered course, and to measure improvement in students' confidence. Innovation: Foundation doctors ( first 2 years of postgraduate training) produced a "Situational Judgment Test Preparation Course" in November 2015...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786022/personality-traits-predict-a-medical-student-preference-to-pursue-a-career-in-surgery
#15
Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Antonio Bruno, Giovanni Genovese, Giuseppa Gallo, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Fortunato Battaglia
Background: In this study, we examined the impact of personality traits, assessed with the psychopathic personality inventory revised version (PPI-R), on medical students' likelihood of selecting a surgical specialty. Methods: This is a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of 360 4th -year medical students at a single university. We used the PPI-R previously developed to evaluate "adaptive" traits within nonclinical (student) populations. Students were asked to express their specialty of choice...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786020/use-of-international-foundations-of-medicine-clinical-sciences-examination-to-evaluate-students-performance-in-the-local-examination-at-the-university-of-sharjah-united-arab-emirates
#16
Nihar Ranjan Dash, Mohamed Elhassan Abdalla, Amal Hussein
Background: Several medical schools around the world are moving away from isolated, locally developed in-house assessments to the introduction of external examinations into their curriculum. Although the objective varies, it is typically done to evaluate, audit, and compare students' performance to international standards. Similarly, the International Foundations of Medicine-Clinical Sciences Examination (IFOM-CSE) was introduced in the College of Medicine at the University of Sharjah as an external assessment criterion in addition to the existing in-house assessments...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785631/eating-disorders-risk-among-medical-students-a-global-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Haitham Jahrami, Mai Sater, Ahmed Abdulla, Mo'ez Al-Islam Faris, Ahmed AlAnsari
PURPOSE: Medical students appear to be a high-risk group to develop psychological problems including eating disorders (ED). The prevalence estimates of ED risk vary greatly between studies. This systematic review and meta-analysis was done to estimate the prevalence of ED risk among medical students. METHODS: An electronic search of EMBASE, MEDLINE, ProQuest and Google Scholar was conducted. Studies that reported the prevalence of ED risk among medical students and were published in English peer-reviewed journals between 1982 and 2017 were included...
May 21, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785150/-flipped-classroom-for-academic-and-career-advising-an-innovative-technique-for-medical-student-advising
#18
Richard Amini, Brady S Laughlin, Kathy W Smith, Violet P Siwik, William J Adamas-Rappaport, George T Fantry
Introduction: Career advising for medical students can be challenging for both the student and the adviser. Our objective was to design, implement, and evaluate a "flipped classroom" style advising session. Methods: We performed a single-center cross-sectional study at an academic medical center, where a novel flipped classroom style student advising model was implemented and evaluated. In this model, students were provided a document to review and fill out prior to their one-on-one advising session...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785149/the-pregnant-female-surgical-resident
#19
Vanessa Shifflette, Susannah Hambright, Joseph Darryl Amos, Ernest Dunn, Maria Allo
Background: Surgery continues to be an intense, time-consuming residency. Many medical students decide against surgery as a profession due to the long work hours and family strain. The pregnant female surgical resident has an added stress factor compared to her male counterpart. Methods: We distributed an electronic, online 26-question survey to 32 general surgery programs in the southwestern region of the United States. Each program distributed our survey to the female surgical residents who had been pregnant during residency in the last 5 years...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785147/selection-as-a-learning-experience-an-exploratory-study
#20
Marieke de Visser, Roland F Laan, Rik Engbers, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Cornelia Fluit
Introduction: Research on selection for medical school does not explore selection as a learning experience, despite growing attention for the learning effects of assessment in general. Insight in the learning effects allows us to take advantage of selection as an inclusive part of medical students' learning process to become competent professionals. The aims of this study at Radboud University Medical Center, the Netherlands, were 1) to determine whether students have learning experiences in the selection process, and, if so, what experiences; and 2) to understand what students need in order to utilize the learning effects of the selection process at the start of the formal curriculum...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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