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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346691/the-impact-of-near-peer-teaching-on-medical-students-transition-to-clerkships
#1
Alexander C Knobloch, Christy J W Ledford, Sean Wilkes, Adam K Saperstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transition to clerkships is one of the most challenging times during medical school. To help students better cope, many schools have established transition-to-clerkship curricula. Such curricula may optimally prepare students through increasing their self-efficacy and response efficacy. We hypothesized that a small-group, near-peer-led format would be ideally suited to help students achieve these outcomes. METHODS: During process improvement for a transition-to-clerkship curriculum, we conducted an informal focus group and subsequent survey of postclerkship students to guide curricular innovation, including incorporation of third- and fourth-year students as near-peer instructors in a seminar format...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346690/using-standardized-patient-assessments-to-evaluate-a-health-literacy-curriculum
#2
Gail S Marion, Jade M Hairston, Stephen W Davis, Julienne K Kirk
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients' health literacy is a growing concern as patients are expected to perform more self-care. While many US schools implement health literacy in their curricula, time spent on the topic ranges from 0 to 8 hours and is largely didactic. Evaluation of health literacy skills is not well defined. The effectiveness of a health literacy curriculum for third-year medical students was evaluated by two standardized patients assessments (SPAs). METHODS: All third-year medical students complete a required 4-week clerkship in family medicine...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346689/initial-development-and-validation-of-a-family-medicine-attitudes-questionnaire
#3
Julie Phillips, Jacob Prunuske, Laurie Fitzpatrick, Brian Mavis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although many curricular and policy interventions are designed to influence students' attitudes toward family medicine, assessment of these interventions is limited by lack of a comprehensive, validated measure of students' attitudes. We sought to develop and validate a questionnaire that effectively assesses medical student attitudes toward family medicine. METHODS: A 31-item questionnaire was assessed for internal, external, and content validity...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346395/evaluation-of-participatory-teaching-methods-in-undergraduate-medical-students-learning-along-the-first-academic-courses
#4
Beatriz Gal, Margarita Rubio, Eva Iglesias, Purificación González
The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) is an opportunity to redesign medical education. Academic training is now focused on acquiring not only knowledge, but also those competencies critical to face complex professional scenarios. Together with re-evaluating traditional teaching methods, EHEA has forced a technological shift in the way we teach. By critically assessing the impact of novel teaching methodologies, we can better define biomedical education demands. Here, we address this question on a sample of medical students instructed in basic subjects along the first two academic courses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346359/a-systematic-review-of-leadership-training-for-medical-students
#5
Oscar Lyons, Bruce Su'a, Michelle Locke, Andrew Hill
BACKGROUND: Leadership is increasingly being recognised as an essential requirement for doctors. Many medical schools are in the process of developing formal leadership training programmes, but it remains to be elucidated what characteristics make such programmes effective, and to what extent current programmes are effective, beyond merely positive learner reactions. This review's objective was to investigate the effectiveness of undergraduate medical leadership curricula and to explore common features of effective curricula...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346222/-to-err-is-human-but-disclosure-must-be-taught-a-simulation-based-assessment-study
#6
Ashley C Crimmins, Ambrose H Wong, James W Bonz, Alina Tsyrulnik, Karen Jubanyik, James D Dziura, Kelly L Dodge, Leigh V Evans
INTRODUCTION: Although error disclosure is critical in promoting safety and patient-centered care, physicians are inconsistently trained in its practice, and few objective methods to assess competence exist. We used an immersive simulation scenario to determine whether providers with varying levels of clinical experience adhere to the disclosure safe practice guidelines when exposed to a serious adverse event simulation scenario. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study with medical students, junior emergency medicine (EM) residents (PGY 1-2), senior EM residents (PGY 3-4), and attending EM physicians participating in a simulated case in which a scripted medication overdose resulted in an adverse event...
January 17, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345549/veterinary-medical-students-motivations-for-exercise
#7
Kenneth D Royal, Suzanne A Hunt, Liara M Gonzalez, Gregory A Lewbart, Kate M Bailey
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) declares exercise to be one of the most important activities one can do to improve health. The benefits of exercise are well documented and include both physiologic and psychological health. Given the current landscape of wellness issues in veterinary medical education, it is necessary that students engage in exercise activities to manage stress and increase overall health. Therefore, to develop targeted interventions with the greatest likelihood for success, it is first necessary to understand what motivates veterinary medical students to exercise given their unique situational and environmental factors...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345187/the-formation-of-a-medical-student-research-committee-and-its-impact-on-involvement-in-departmental-research
#8
Stuart Schexnayder, Hunter Starring, Matt Fury, Arthur Mora, Claudia Leonardi, Vinod Dasa
Over the past ten years, medical students have increased their research activity to be competitive for orthopaedic residency positions throughout the country. This increase may favor students at institutions with a strong history of research production and well-established research departments with supporting staff. To compete with these institutions, a Musculoskeletal Research Committee was developed at a southern academic institution to provide a mutually beneficial link between orthopaedic research faculty and medical students...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344530/female-role-models-in-medicine-a-medical-student-s-perspective
#9
Diya Kapila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344528/psychometric-characteristics-of-clinical-reasoning-problems-crps-and-its-correlation-with-routine-multiple-choice-question-mcq-in-cardiology-department
#10
Zahra Derakhshandeh, Mitra Amini, Javad Kojuri, Marziyeh Dehbozorgian
Introduction: Clinical reasoning is one of the most important skills in the process of training a medical student to become an efficient physician. Assessment of the reasoning skills in a medical school program is important to direct students' learning. One of the tests for measuring the clinical reasoning ability is Clinical Reasoning Problems (CRPs). The major aim of this study is to measure psychometric qualities of CRPs and define correlation between this test and routine MCQ in cardiology department of Shiraz medical school...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344527/medical-students-experiences-and-perspective-on-unprofessional-behavior-in-clinical-practice
#11
Zeinab Jamalabadi, Sedigheh Ebrahimi
Introduction: Recognition of professional and unprofessional behaviors is the most important and fundamental factor which affects the relationships between the doctors and patients. Therefore, in order to progress in their professional life, doctors are supposed to understand and follow these behaviors. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive analytical study. All students in teaching hospital of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences were eligible to participate (374 individuals with census method)...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344526/the-effects-of-team-based-learning-on-learning-outcomes-in-a-course-of-rheumatology
#12
Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi, Kamran Moradi, Ali Ghafar Rahimi Amin, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Fatemeh Keshmiri
Introduction: We evaluated the effects of implementing Team-Based Learning (TBL) on student engagement, accountability, satisfaction, and preference for lecture or team-based learning. Moreover, we assessed the effect of TBL on knowledge retention and application over time through short answer questions based on clinical scenarios addressing history taking and diagnosis skills in medical students. Methods: The study was conducted in a quasi-experimental design. The study population were all of the third-year medical students (n = 84) participating in a course of rheumatology in Shariati Hospital, which is a teaching hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344525/psychometric-properties-of-the-communication-skills-attitude-scale-csas-measure-in-a-sample-of-iranian-medical-students
#13
Afsaneh Yakhforoshha, Mandana Shirazi, Naser Yousefzadeh, Amin Ghanbarnejad, Mohammadali Cheraghi, Rita Mojtahedzadeh, Behrooz Mahmoodi-Bakhtiari, Seyed Amir Hossein Emami
Introduction: Communication skill (CS) has been regarded as one of the fundamental competencies for medical and other health care professionals. Student's attitude toward learning CS is a key factor in designing educational interventions. The original CSAS, as positive and negative subscales, was developed in the UK; however, there is no scale to measure these attitudes in Iran. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric characteristic of the Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS), in an Iranian context and to understand if it is a valid tool to assess attitude toward learning communication skills among health care professionals...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344523/clinical-skills-temporal-degradation-assessment-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#14
Joseph Fisher, Rebecca Viscusi, Adam Ratesic, Cameron Johnstone, Ross Kelley, Angela M Tegethoff, Jessica Bates, Elaine H Situ-Lacasse, William J Adamas-Rappaport, Richard Amini
Introduction: Medical students' ability to learn clinical procedures and competently apply these skills is an essential component of medical education. Complex skills with limited opportunity for practice have been shown to degrade without continued refresher training. To our knowledge there is no evidence that objectively evaluates temporal degradation of clinical skills in undergraduate medical education. The purpose of this study was to evaluate temporal retention of clinical skills among third year medical students...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344463/team-based-learning-strategy-in-biochemistry-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-faculty-and-1st-year-medical-students
#15
Namrata Chhabra, Sahiba Kukreja, Sarah Chhabra, Sahil Chhabra, Sameenah Khodabux, Harshal Sabane
Background: Team-based learning (TBL) strategy has been widely adapted by medical schools all over the world, but the reports regarding the perceptions and the attitudes of faculty and undergraduate medical students towards TBL approach have been conflicting. Aim: The study aimed to introduce TBL strategy in curriculum of Biochemistry after evaluating its effectiveness through perceptions and attitudes of faculty and 1st-year medical students. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty students of first professional M...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344462/introducing-mentoring-to-1st-year-medical-students-of-a-private-medical-college-in-north-india-a-pilot-study
#16
Sahiba Kukreja, Namrata Chhabra, Amandeep Kaur, Rohit Arora, Tejinder Singh
Background: The stress of complex medical course, emotional immaturity, and adaptations to new surroundings are the challenges faced by the new medical entrants. Therefore, mentorship program was introduced to support them for their academic and personal development. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to introduce and to assess the perception of mentors and mentees on mentorship program. Materials and Methods: A mentorship program was designed for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) First Professional students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344455/qualitative-assessment-of-learning-strategies-among-medical-students-using-focus-group-discussions-and-in-depth-interviews
#17
Anuradha Sujai Joshi, Jaishree Deepak Ganjiwale, Jagdish Varma, Praveen Singh, Jyoti Nath Modi, Tejinder Singh
Background: Globally, students with top academic performance and high intellectual capacity usually opt to study medicine. However, once students get enrolled, their academic performance varies widely. Such variations appear to be determined by various factors, one of them being types of learning strategies adopted by students. The learning strategies utilized by the students with better academic performance are likely to be more effective learning strategies. Aims and Objectives: The objective is to identify effective learning strategies used by medical students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344453/introduction-of-medical-humanities-in-mbbs-1st-year
#18
Shaista M Saiyad, Swapnil J Paralikar, Anita P Verma
Context: Most vital areas of patient management such as empathy, professionalism, and ethics are lacking in fresh undergraduates. These areas are considered to be part of hidden curriculum, and as these are not formally taught, we lack competent medical graduates. Introduction of medical humanities (MH) early in the medical curriculum can help to inculcate required soft skills. Aims: This study aims to develop, administer, and evaluate MH module in 1st year MBBS students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344003/a-medical-student-in-private-practice-for-a-1-month-clerkship-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-challenges-for-primary-care-clinical-teachers
#19
Virginie Muller-Juge, Anne Catherine Pereira Miozzari, Arabelle Rieder, Jennifer Hasselgård-Rowe, Johanna Sommer, Marie-Claude Audétat
Purpose: The predicted shortage of primary care physicians emphasizes the need to increase the family medicine workforce. Therefore, Swiss universities develop clerkships in primary care physicians' private practices. The objective of this research was to explore the challenges, the stakes, and the difficulties of clinical teachers who supervised final year medical students in their primary care private practice during a 1-month pilot clerkship in Geneva. Methods: Data were collected via a focus group using a semistructured interview guide...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343952/understanding-of-copd-among-final-year-medical-students
#20
Javier Mohigefer, Carmen Calero-Acuña, Eduardo Marquez-Martin, Francisco Ortega-Ruiz, Jose Luis Lopez-Campos
Objective: Several previous studies have shown a suboptimal level of understanding of COPD among different population groups. Students in their final year of Medicine constitute a population that has yet to be explored. The evaluation of their understanding provides an opportunity to establish strategies to improve teaching processes. The objective of the present study is to determine the current level of understanding of COPD among said population. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was done using digital surveys given to medical students in their final year at the Universidad de Sevilla...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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