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Cervical artery dissection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743388/traumatic-bilateral-dissection-of-cervical-internal-carotid-artery-in-the-wake-of-a-car-accident-a-case-report
#1
N Taoussi, A J Alghamdi, J Bielewicz, P Luchowski, K Rejdak
BACKGROUND: Bilateral carotid artery dissection secondary to severe trauma is rare and can be potentially life -threatening if not diagnosed and treated properly. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 29-year-old female who was admitted to the emergency department after a car accident. The patient was conscious at the time of admission and presented with an initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 15 presenting normal vital signs. The patient developed motor dysphasia with right upper limb paresis a few hours after the admission...
July 10, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727357/-spontaneous-carotid-and-vertebral-dissections
#2
Roman Sztajzel, Fabienne Perren, Patrik Michel
Dissections of the cervical arteries account for approximately 15-20 % of all strokes in young patients. Clinically they present with laterocervical and/or hemicranial pain associated to a Horner syndrome in case of carotid dissection and a posterior cervical pain associated to headache in the occipital area in case of vertebral dissection. A multifactorial origin is often suggested, resulting from the combination of a weakness of the arterial wall, hereditary or not, of environmental factors such minor trauma or a previous infection and also of the presence of a certain number of vascular risk factors such as high blood pressure or migraines...
April 26, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716989/high-prevalence-of-multiple-arterial-bed-lesions-in-patients-with-fibromuscular-dysplasia-the-arcadia-registry-assessment-of-renal-and-cervical-artery-dysplasia
#3
Pierre-François Plouin, Jean-Philippe Baguet, Frédéric Thony, Olivier Ormezzano, Arshid Azarine, François Silhol, Catherine Oppenheim, Béatrice Bouhanick, Louis Boyer, Alexandre Persu, Frank Hammer, Philippe Gosse, Claire Mounier-Vehier, Claire Le Hello, Xavier Jeunemaitre, Michel Azizi, Laurence Amar, Gilles Chatellier, Elie Mousseaux, Emmanuel Touzé
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) commonly affects the renal and cervical arteries but has been described to affect other vascular beds as well. The prevalence of and clinical characteristics associated with multisite FMD (string-of-beds or focal stenoses affecting at least 2 vascular beds) are not known. In the prospective ARCADIA registry (Assessment of Renal and Cervical Artery Dysplasia), symptomatic patients with renal artery (RA) FMD underwent tomographic- or magnetic resonance-angiography from the aortic arch to the intracranial arteries and those with cervical FMD from the diaphragm to the pelvis...
July 17, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710081/use-of-a-next-generation-multi-durometer-long-guide-sheath-for-triaxial-access-in-flow-diversion-experience-in-95-consecutive-cases
#4
Li-Mei Lin, Matthew T Bender, Geoffrey P Colby, Narlin B Beaty, Bowen Jiang, Jessica K Campos, Judy Huang, Rafael J Tamargo, Alexander L Coon
BACKGROUND: Intracranial access techniques in modern neurointerventions have shifted towards more robust access platforms. The long guide sheath is one of the building blocks of triaxial systems used in intracranial embolizations. Here we present our experience with the AXS Infinity LS long sheath in the triaxial platform for the implantation of the Pipeline embolization device (PED). METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients who underwent PED Flex treatment with the AXS Infinity LS at a single institution...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696036/cervical-artery-dissection-expands-the-cardiovascular-phenotype-in-fbn1-related-weill-marchesani-syndrome
#5
Kelsey Newell, Wendy Smith, Brian Ghoshhajra, Eric Isselbacher, Angela Lin, Mark E Lindsay
Weill-Marchesani syndrome (WMS) is a rare form of acromelic dysplasia that is characterized by distinctive skeletal, ocular, and cardiovascular abnormalities. Previously described cardiac manifestations of WMS include aortic and pulmonary valve stenosis, mitral valve prolapse, mitral stenosis, and QTc prolongation. Autosomal dominant forms of WMS result from heterozygous pathogenic variants in FBN1, a gene with a well characterized role in the pathogenesis of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) in the context of Marfan syndrome...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675348/navien-catheter-experience-in-neuroendovascular-interventions
#6
Gaurav Jindal, Luciano Giacon, Moronke Iyoha, Timothy Miller, Francois Aldrich, Marc Simard, Ravishankar Shivashankar, Dheeraj Gandhi
Purpose Advancements in catheter technology have allowed for greater flexibility and trackability. We report 265 consecutive, single-center neurointerventional cases using the Navien guide catheter. Materials and methods Retrospective analysis was performed of consecutive intracranial endovascular procedures utilizing the Navien catheter. Data collected included procedure type, catheters, guide catheter position, cervical access artery tortuosity grade and complications. Results The 5 French catheter was used in 130 cases...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667505/dissection-of-cervical-and-cerebral-arteries
#7
REVIEW
Stefan T Engelter, Christopher Traenka, Philippe Lyrer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aimed to summarize recent findings in cervical (CeAD) and intracranial artery dissection (IAD) research. RECENT FINDINGS: Considered a disease of the young- and middle-aged, an analysis on the largest CeAD-population to date (n = 2391) revealed that about 1 of 14 CeAD-patients was aged ≥60 years. Distinct genetic variants were associated with CeAD. However, in clinical practice, genetic investigations are not helpful due to the small effect size...
August 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666040/internal-carotid-artery-dissection-after-indirect-blunt-cervical-trauma-in-an-ice-hockey-goaltender
#8
Ryan M Degen, Matthew E Fink, Lisa Callahan, Kenton Fibel, Jim Ramsay, Bryan T Kelly
Internal carotid artery dissections are rare injuries that can result from both direct cervical trauma and indirect trauma causing sudden cervical hyperextension. Depending on the magnitude of the dissection, clinical presentation ranges from neurologic symptoms, such as Horner syndrome, to relatively mild but persistent headache symptoms, as in the case reported in this article. High clinical suspicion with subsequent neuroimaging is recommended in similar clinical scenarios. Our patient, an ice hockey goaltender, was conservatively treated with rest and serial neuroimaging studies to ensure resolution of the dissection...
May 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656067/stent-assisted-coil-embolization-of-posttraumatic-dissecting-carotid-aneurysm-causing-ophthalmoplegia
#9
Kaan Esen, Huseyin Naim Eriş, Altan Yildiz, Engin Kara, Anil Ozgur
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmoplegia secondary to a traumatic dissecting aneurysm in the cavernous segment of internal carotid artery (ICA) is a relatively rare entity. Anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy is the preferred treatment option for carotid dissections. However, endovascular interventions are noninvasive and alternative methods to surgery, especially in cases of aneurysms that do not respond to medical therapy. CASE REPORT: We report of a 19-year-old man presenting with left-sided, total ophthalmoplegia after a traffic accident...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647420/increased-prevalence-of-cerebrovascular-disease-in-hospitalized-patients-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#10
Sarasa T Kim, Harry Cloft, Kelly D Flemming, David F Kallmes, Giuseppe Lanzino, Waleed Brinjikji
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Small studies have suggested that Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is associated with a number of cerebrovascular complications. We sought to determine whether a clinical diagnosis of EDS is associated with a higher prevalence of cerebrovascular diseases than the general population by performing a case-control study of hospitalized patients in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). METHODS: Using the 2000-2012 NIS, we performed a case-control study matching cases of EDS to controls without such a diagnosis...
August 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645600/newly-detected-cervical-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-on-magnetic-resonance-angiography-causing-intracranial-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#11
Hiroaki Matsumoto, Hiroaki Minami, Ikuya Yamaura, Yasuhisa Yoshida, Yutaka Hirata
BACKGROUND: Although an asymptomatic spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) can sometimes be incidentally detected on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), there are no previous reports showing the development of an SDAVF on MRI or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 64-year old man with unruptured vertebral artery dissection (VAD) developed a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) during regular follow-up. Emergent endovascular coil internal trapping for the VAD was performed; however, angiography after the endovascular treatment showed a lower cervical SDAVF...
June 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629627/direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-with-cervical-artery-dissection-and-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Manuel Cappellari, Paolo Bovi
BACKGROUND: To date, very little is known about the effects of direct oral anticoagulants (DOA) use in patients with cervical artery dissection (CAD) and cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). We present our initial experience with the use of DOA for CAD and CVT and an overview of the published literature. METHODS: From our database, we identified 4 patients who received DOA after CAD and 4 patients after CVT. Also, we analyzed the data reported for 45 patients who received DOA after CAD and 23 after CVT from review of the literature...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611087/acute-ischemic-stroke-after-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-incidence-and-impact-on-outcome
#13
Robert G Kowalski, Juliet K Haarbauer-Krupa, Jeneita M Bell, John D Corrigan, Flora M Hammond, Michel T Torbey, Melissa C Hofmann, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, A Cate Miller, Gale G Whiteneck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to nearly 300 000 annual US hospitalizations and increased lifetime risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Occurrence of AIS immediately after TBI has not been well characterized. We evaluated AIS acutely after TBI and its impact on outcome. METHODS: A prospective database of moderate to severe TBI survivors, admitted to inpatient rehabilitation at 22 Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems centers and their referring acute-care hospitals, was analyzed...
July 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607929/treatment-of-cervical-artery-dissection-antithrombotics-thrombolysis-and-endovascular-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Jing Peng, Zunjing Liu, Chunxia Luo, Lin Chen, Xianhua Hou, Li Xiao, Zhenhua Zhou
Cervical artery dissection (CAD) is an important cause of stroke for young patients, accounting for 5-22% of strokes in patients <45 years of age, which presents not only a great burden to the stroke victims but also a financial burden to the family and society. Because CAD can lead to different clinical lesions, including neuropathy, acute ischemic stroke, and subarachnoid hemorrhage, and is an arterial dissection with a self-healing tendency, the treatment options depend on the clinical manifestations...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607822/carotid-artery-occlusion-in-kabuki-syndrome-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Luana A M Gatto, Luis Henrique A Sousa, Gelson Luis Koppe, Zeferino Demartini
BACKGROUND: Kabuki syndrome is a rare multiple congenital anomaly syndrome whose main diagnostic findings are craniofacial phenotypic changes and mental retardation. Organic structural lesions in the central nervous system are rare, although have been described already. Systemic vascular changes have also been reported rarely. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a young patient with Kabuki syndrome who had a transient ischemic attack due to dissection of the internal carotid artery and a likely gliosis area on the white matter...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583930/correlating-microscopic-findings-with-b-mode-ultrasound-in-cervical-artery-dissection
#16
Ralf Dittrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583461/repair-of-v2-vertebral-artery-injuries-sustained-during-anterior-cervical-discectomy
#17
Evgenii Belykh, David S Xu, Kaan Yağmurlu, Ting Lei, Vadim A Byvaltsev, Curtis A Dickman, Mark C Preul, Peter Nakaji
BACKGROUND: The V2 segment of the vertebral artery (VA) typically runs through the transverse foramen of C2-C6. V2 injury may occur during anterior approaches to the cervical spine and can cause significant morbidity. We aimed to describe landmarks and microsurgical V2 repair techniques through the standard anterolateral cervical discectomy approach. METHODS: Five silicone-injected cadaveric heads (necks-C7) were dissected bilaterally. An anterolateral approach with C3-4, C4-5, and C5-6 discectomies and an ipsilateral VA injury were simulated...
June 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574627/ct-versus-mr-techniques-in-the-detection-of-cervical-artery-dissection
#18
Uta Hanning, Peter B Sporns, Meilin Schmiedel, Erich B Ringelstein, Walter Heindel, Heinz Wiendl, Thomas Niederstadt, Ralf Dittrich
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD) is an important etiology of juvenile stroke. The gold standard for the diagnosis of sCAD is convential angiography. However, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/MR angiography (MRA) and computed tomography (CT)/CT angiography (CTA) are frequently used alternatives. New developments such as multislice CT/CTA have enabled routine acquisition of thinner sections with rapid imaging times. The goal of this study was to compare the capability of recent developed 128-slice CT/CTA to MRI/MRA to detect radiologic features of sCAD...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554184/vertebral-artery-dissection-in-a-bouncy-castle-injury-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Valeria Ripa, Timur M Urakov, Sarah C Jernigan
There is an increased rate of injuries associated with activities on bouncy castles. The purpose of this article was to describe the case of a 6-year-old boy who sustained a brain infarct as a consequence of a left posterior inferior cerebellar artery dissection due to improper landing in a bouncy castle and who required a suboccipital craniotomy. The second goal was to outline the literature review regarding cervical trauma related to trampoline or bouncy castle accidents in pediatric populations. Based on the described case and reviewed studies, bouncy castle or any other activity resulting in hyperflexion or hyperextension of the neck should be carefully evaluated for cervical spine fractures and vascular injuries...
May 30, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547783/aortic-arch-origin-of-the-left-vertebral-artery-an-anatomical-and-radiological-study-with-significance-for-avoiding-complications-with-anterior-approaches-to-the-cervical-spine
#20
Gabrielle G Tardieu, Bryan Edwards, Fernando Alonso, Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Moriyoshi Nakamura, Mayuko Motomura, Raghu Sampath, Joe Iwanaga, Oded Goren, Stephen Monteith, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Complications from anterior approaches to the cervical spine are uncommon with normal anatomy. However, variant anatomy might predispose one to an increased incidence of injury during such procedures. We hypothesized that left vertebral arteries that arise from the aortic arch instead of the subclavian artery might take a more medial path in their ascent making them more susceptible to iatrogenic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty human adult cadavers were examined for left vertebral arteries having an aortic arch origin and these were dissected along their entire cervical course...
May 25, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
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