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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625111/insect-taste-receptors-relevant-to-host-identification-by-recognition-of-secondary-metabolite-patterns-of-non-host-plants
#1
Mayu Kasubuchi, Fumika Shii, Kana Tsuneto, Takayuki Yamagishi, Satomi Adegawa, Haruka Endo, Ryoichi Sato
The taste sensing system is crucial for food recognition in insects and other animals. It is commonly believed that insect gustatory receptors (Grs) expressed in gustatory organs are indispensable for host plant selection. Many behavioral studies have shown that mono- or oligo-phagous lepidopteran insects use the balance between feeding attractants and feeding deterrents in host plants and that these are sensed by taste organs for host plant recognition. However, the molecular mechanism underlying taste recognition, especially of feeding deterrents, remains to be elucidated...
April 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569371/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-three-odorant-binding-proteins-from-the-oriental-fruit-moth-grapholita-molesta-busck-lepidoptera-tortricide
#2
Xiu-Lin Chen, Li Su, Bo-Liao Li, Guang-Wei Li, Jun-Xiang Wu
Odorant binding proteins (OBPs) act in recognizing odor molecules and their most well-studied functions are transporting odors across the sensillum lymph to olfactory receptor neurons within the insect antennal sensillum. The adults of Grapholita molesta highly depend on olfactory cues in locating host plants and selecting oviposition sites, in which OBPs play an important role in perceiving and recognizing host plant volatiles. Exploring the physiological function of OBPs could facilitate our understanding of their importance in insects' chemical communication...
March 22, 2018: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551387/investigation-and-molecular-docking-studies-of-bassianolide-from-lecanicillium-lecanii-against-plutella-xylostella-lepidoptera-plutellidae
#3
Keppanan Ravindran, Sivaperumal Sivaramakrishnan, Mubasher Hussain, Chandra Kanta Dash, Bamisope Steve Bamisile, Muhammad Qasim, Wang Liande
Entomopathogenic fungi are rich sources of bioactive secondary metabolites that possess insecticidal properties. The present study reported a novel approach for the identification of insecticidal compounds produced by Lecanicillium lecanii 09 and to assess their toxicity against the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella L. The cyclic peptides groups of toxic substances were separated from L. lecanii 09 through submerged liquid state fermentation. The most abundant toxic metabolite, Bassianolide was purified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and its molecular weight and purity were determined by Liquid chromatography - mass spectroscopy (LC-MS), Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and H1 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) respectively...
March 15, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546335/alimentary-tract-transcriptome-analysis-of-the-tea-geometrid-ectropis-oblique-lepidoptera-geometridae
#4
Junxiang Wang, Guifang Lin, Khadija Batool, Shuaiqi Zhang, Mingfeng Chen, Jin Xu, Juan Wu, Liang Jin, Ivan Gelbic, Lei Xu, Lingling Zhang, Xiong Guan
Ectropis oblique Prout (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) is one of the main pests that damages the tea crop in Southeast Asia. To understand the molecular mechanisms of its feeding biology, transcriptomes of the alimentary tract (AT) and of the body minus the AT of E. oblique were successfully sequenced and analyzed in this study. A total of 36,950 unigenes from de novo sequences were assembled. After analysis using six annotation databases (e.g., Gene Ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome, and NCBI nr), a series of putative genes were found for this insect species that were related to digestion, detoxification, the immune system, and Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) receptors...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529288/resistance-to-diamide-insecticides-in-plutella-xylostella-lepidoptera-plutellidae-comparison-between-lab-selected-strains-and-field-collected-populations
#5
Chao Qin, Cheng-Hua Wang, Ying-Ying Wang, Shi-Qing Sun, Huan-Huan Wang, Chao-Bin Xue
Diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.; Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), is an important pest of crucifers worldwide. The extensive use of diamide insecticides has led to P. xylostella resistance and this presents a serious threat to vegetable production. We selected chlorantraniliprole (Rf) and flubendiamide (Rh) resistance strains of P. xylostella with resistance ratios of 684.54-fold and 677.25-fold, respectively. The Rf and Rh strains underwent 46 and 36 generations of lab-selection for resistance, respectively...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488686/molecular-identification-of-four-novel-cytochrome-p450-genes-related-to-the-development-of-resistance-of-spodoptera-exigua-lepidoptera-noctuidae-to-chlorantraniliprole
#6
Xuegui Wang, Yiqu Chen, Changwei Gong, Xinge Yao, Chunxian Jiang, Qunfang Yang
BACKGOUND: The beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua, is an omnivorous insect that damages a variety of crops worldwide. Chlorantraniliprole is a new diamide insecticide that acts on the ryanodine receptors in insects. The aim of this study was to explore the key genes that related to the development of resistant of S. exigua to chlorantraniliprole. RESULTS: Transcriptomes were compared between beet armyworms from a susceptible laboratory strain (Sus-Lab) and Sus-Lab screened with LC25 sublethal doses of chlorantraniliprole for six generations (SE-Sel)...
February 28, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454611/taste-receptor-plasticity-in-relation-to-feeding-history-in-two-congeneric-species-of-papilionidae-lepidoptera
#7
Giorgia Sollai, Maurizio Biolchini, Roberto Crnjar
In the peripheral taste system of insects, the responsiveness of gustatory receptor neurons (GRNs) depends on several factors, such as larval instar, feeding history, physiological state and time of day. To study the role of the feeding history, the spike activity of the maxillary taste chemosensilla in the larvae of two related species of Lepidoptera (Papilio machaon L. and Papilio hospiton Géné) raised on different host plants, was recorded with electrophysiological techniques after stimulation with simple stimuli (sugars, bitters and inorganic salt) and host plant saps, with the aim of cross-comparing their response patterns and evaluating any effects of different feeding histories...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438567/determination-of-the-baseline-susceptibility-of-european-populations-of-cydia-pomonella-lepidoptera-tortricidae-to-chlorantraniliprole-and-the-role-of-cytochrome-p450-monooxygenases
#8
Dolors Bosch, Marcela A Rodríguez, Laura Depalo, Jesús Avilla
The codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is the key pest on pome fruit and walnut orchards worldwide. Its resistance to available insecticides has been widely reported. Chlorantraniliprole is an anthranilic diamide that was introduced in European countries in 2008-2009 and acts by activating the insect's ryanodine receptors. The aims of this study were to determine the baseline susceptibility of European populations of C. pomonella to chlorantraniliprole, to establish the discriminant concentrations (DC) to check the possible development of resistance, and to know the role of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450) in the possible susceptibility decrease of field populations to the insecticide...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373972/differential-gene-expression-in-the-evolution-of-sex-pheromone-communication-in-new-zealand-s-endemic-leafroller-moths-of-the-genera-ctenopseustis-and-planotortrix
#9
Alessandro Grapputo, Amali H Thrimawithana, Bernd Steinwender, Richard D Newcomb
BACKGROUND: Sex pheromone communication in moths has attracted the attention of evolutionary biologists due to the vast array of pheromone compounds used, addressing questions of how this diversity arose and how male reception has evolved in step with the female signal. Here we examine the role of changing gene expression in the evolution of mate recognition systems in leafroller moths, particularly focusing on genes involved in the biosynthetic pathways of sex pheromones in female pheromone glands and the peripheral reception repertoire in the antennae of males...
January 26, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305214/expression-of-cry1ac-toxin-binding-region-in-plutella-xyllostella-cadherin-like-receptor-and-studying-their-interaction-mode-by-molecular-docking-and-site-directed-mutagenesis
#10
Xiaodan Hu, Xiao Zhang, Jianfeng Zhong, Yuan Liu, Cunzheng Zhang, Yajing Xie, Manman Lin, Chongxin Xu, Lina Lu, Qing Zhu, Xianjin Liu
Cadherin-like protein has been identified as the primary Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cry toxin receptor in Lepidoptera pests and plays a key role in Cry toxin insecticidal. In this study, we successfully expressed the putative Cry1Ac toxin-binding region (CR7-CR11) of Plutella xylostella cadherin-like in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The expressed CR7-CR11 fragment showed binding ability to Cry1Ac toxin under denaturing (Ligand blot) and non-denaturing (ELISA) conditions. The three-dimensional structure of CR7-CR11 was constructed by homology modeling...
May 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274206/comparative-analysis-of-c-type-lectin-domain-proteins-in-the-ghost-moth-thitarodes-xiaojinensis-lepidoptera-hepialidae
#11
Qian Meng, Ji-Hong Zhang, Huan Zhang, Gui-Ling Zhou, Ruo-Yao Ni, Yan-Ni Zhao, Qi-Lian Qin, Zhen Zou
Insects have a large family of C-type lectins involved in cell adhesion, pathogen recognition and activation of immune responses. In this study, 32 transcripts encoding C-type lectin domain proteins (CTLDPs) were identified from the Thitarodes xiaojinensis transcriptome. According to their domain structures, six CTLDPs with one carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD) were classified into the CTL-S subfamily. The other 23 CTLDPs with two CRDs were grouped into the immulectin (IML) subfamily. The remaining three with extra regulatory domains were sorted into the CTL-X subfamily...
December 23, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209233/chemosensory-gene-families-in-ectropis-grisescens-and-candidates-for-detection-of-type-ii-sex-pheromones
#12
Zhao-Qun Li, Zong-Xiu Luo, Xiao-Ming Cai, Lei Bian, Zhao-Jun Xin, Yan Liu, Bo Chu, Zong-Mao Chen
Tea grey geometrid ( Ectropis grisescens ), a devastating chewing pest in tea plantations throughout China, produces Type-II pheromone components. Little is known about the genes encoding proteins involved in the perception of Type-II sex pheromone components. To investigate the olfaction genes involved in E . grisescens sex pheromones and plant volatiles perception, we sequenced female and male antennae transcriptomes of E . grisescens . After assembly and annotation, we identified 153 candidate chemoreception genes in E...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164671/characterization-of-two-groups-of-spodoptera-exigua-h%C3%A3-bner-lepidoptera-noctuidae-c-type-lectins-and-insights-into-their-role-in-defense-against-the-densovirus-jcdv
#13
Laila Gasmi, Agata K Jakubowska, Juan Ferré, Mylène Ogliastro, Salvador Herrero
Insect innate immunity relies on numerous soluble and membrane-bound receptors, named pattern recognition proteins (PRPs), which enable the insect to recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns. C-type lectins are among the best-studied PRPs and constitute the most diverse family of animal lectins. Here we have characterized two groups of Spodoptera exigua C-type lectins that differ in their phylogeny, domain architecture, and expression pattern. One group includes C-type lectins with similar characteristics to other lepidopteran lectins, and a second group includes bracoviral-related lectins (bracovirus-like lectins, Se-BLLs) recently acquired by horizontal gene transfer...
November 22, 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126322/characterization-of-odorant-receptors-from-a-non-ditrysian-moth-eriocrania-semipurpurella-sheds-light-on-the-origin-of-sex-pheromone-receptors-in-lepidoptera
#14
Jothi Kumar Yuvaraj, Jacob A Corcoran, Martin N Andersson, Richard D Newcomb, Olle Anderbrant, Christer Löfstedt
Pheromone receptors (PRs) are essential in moths to detect sex pheromones for mate finding. However, it remains unknown from which ancestral proteins these specialized receptors arose. The oldest lineages of moths, so-called non-ditrysian moths, use short-chain pheromone components, secondary alcohols, or ketones, so called Type 0 pheromones that are similar to many common plant volatiles. It is, therefore, possible that receptors for these ancestral pheromones evolved from receptors detecting plant volatiles...
November 1, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029181/characterization-of-odorant-receptors-from-a-non-ditrysian-moth-eriocrania-semipurpurella-sheds-light-on-the-origin-of-sex-pheromone-receptors-in-lepidoptera
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872696/the-light-cycle-controls-the-hatching-rhythm-in-bombyx-mori-via-negative-feedback-loop-of-the-circadian-oscillator
#16
Hui Tao, Xue Li, Jian-Feng Qiu, Heng-Jiang Liu, Da-Yan Zhang, Feng Chu, Yanghu Sima, Shi-Qing Xu
Hatching behavior is a key target in silkworm (Bombyx mori) rearing, especially for the control of Lepidoptera pests. According to previous research, hatching rhythms appear to be controlled by a clock mechanism that restricts or "gates" hatching to a particular time. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Under 12-h light:12-h dark photoperiod (LD) conditions, the transcriptional levels of the chitinase5 (Cht5) and hatching enzyme-like (Hel) genes, as well as the enzymatic activities of their gene products, oscillated in time with ambient light cycles, as did the transcriptional levels of the cryptochrome 1, cryptochrome 2, period (per), and timeless genes, which are key components of the negative feedback loop of the circadian rhythm...
October 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854653/crispr-cas9-editing-of-the-codling-moth-lepidoptera-tortricidae-cpomor1-gene-affects-egg-production-and-viability
#17
Stephen F Garczynski, Jessica A Martin, Margaret Griset, Laura S Willett, W Rodney Cooper, Kylie D Swisher, Thomas R Unruh
The codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is a major pest of pome fruit worldwide. Incorporation of semiochemicals, including the main sex pheromone (codlemone), into codling moth IPM programs has drastically reduced the amount of chemical insecticides needed to control this orchard pest. Odorant receptors located in sensory neuron membranes in the antennae are key sensors in the detection of semiochemicals and trigger downstream signaling events leading to a behavioral response. CpomOR1 is an odorant receptor belonging to the pheromone receptor subfamily in codling moth, and is a prime candidate for being a codlemone receptor based on its high expression levels in male antennae...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825966/molecular-characterization-of-sugar-taste-receptors-in-the-cotton-bollworm-helicoverpa-armigera
#18
Wei Xu, Naiyong Liu, Yalin Liao, Alisha Anderson
Insects utilize sugars as their essential energy and nutrient sources; therefore, the sense of sugar detection plays a critical role in insect behaviours. Previously, using genomic and transcriptomic approaches, we identified eight putative sugar gustatory receptor (GR) genes from the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Here, we further validated these annotated sugar receptor genes (HarmGr4-HarmGr8 and HarmGr10-HarmGr12) and found HarmGr10 may be a pseudogene carrying a stop codon in the open reading frame...
December 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808417/down-regulation-of-aminopeptidase-n-and-abc-transporter-subfamily-g-transcripts-in-cry1ab-and-cry1ac-resistant-asian-corn-borer-ostrinia-furnacalis-lepidoptera-crambidae
#19
Tiantao Zhang, Brad S Coates, Yueqin Wang, Yidong Wang, Shuxiong Bai, Zhenying Wang, Kanglai He
The Asian corn borer (ACB), Ostrinia furnacalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), is a highly destructive pest of cultivated maize throughout East Asia. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) crystalline protein (Cry) toxins cause mortality by a mechanism involving pore formation or signal transduction following toxin binding to receptors along the midgut lumen of susceptible insects, but this mechanism and mutations therein that lead to resistance are not fully understood. In the current study, quantitative comparisons were made among midgut expressed transcripts from O...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754962/two-dopamine-d2-like-receptor-genes-from-the-silkworm-bombyx-mori-and-their-evolutionary-history-in-metazoan
#20
Ping Chen, Peng Chen, Tian Li, Qi Shen, Deng-Feng Yan, Liang Zhang, Xi Chen, Yan Li, Wei Zhao
Dopamine is widely distributed in metazoans and is implicated in many physiological functions. Dopaminergic signaling is mediated through two classes of dopamine receptors, D1-like and D2-like. Phylogeny analysis reveals that, the dopamine receptors probably appeared ahead of the cnidarian divergence, two distinct classes of dopamine receptors likely formed prior to the separation of deuterostomes and protostomes, and INDRs probably split from its ancestor before the emergence of nematodes. Two D2-like genes are closely linked on the same scaffold, and the chromosome region around D2-like gene loci show colinearity among different species within Lepidoptera...
July 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
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