keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Receptors lepidoptera

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474181/sexual-selection-on-receptor-organ-traits-younger-females-attract-males-with-longer-antennae
#1
Tamara L Johnson, Matthew R E Symonds, Mark A Elgar
Sexual selection theory predicts that female choice may favour the evolution of elaborate male signals. Darwin also suggested that sexual selection can favour elaborate receiver structures in order to better detect sexual signals, an idea that has been largely ignored. We evaluated this unorthodox perspective by documenting the antennal lengths of male Uraba lugens Walker (Lepidoptera: Nolidae) moths that were attracted to experimentally manipulated emissions of female sex pheromone. Either one or two females were placed in field traps for the duration of their adult lives in order to create differences in the quantity of pheromone emissions from the traps...
June 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387246/sensory-genes-identification-with-head-transcriptome-of-the-migratory-armyworm-mythimna-separata
#2
Zhenxing Liu, Xiaoyun Wang, Chaoliang Lei, Fen Zhu
Sensory system plays important roles in a wide array of insect's behavior and physiological events, including the host landing and locating, feeding, flying, sex responding, mating and oviposition which happen independently and in sequence. The armyworm Mythimna separata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) of migratory insect is destructive for alimentarn crop and economic crop throughout the world. Here we present the high throughput sequencing of the head transcriptome and identify members of the major sensory genes which are crucial for armyworm's success worldwide, including 8 opsins, 22 chemosensory proteins, 50 odorant binding proteins, 60 odorant receptors, 8 gustatory receptors, 24 ionotropic receptors, and 2 sensory neuron membrane proteins...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331183/differential-expression-of-chemosensory-protein-genes-in-midguts-in-response-to-diet-of-spodoptera-litura
#3
Xin Yi, Jiangwei Qi, Xiaofan Zhou, Mei Ying Hu, Guo Hua Zhong
While it has been well characterized that chemosensory receptors in guts of mammals have great influence on food preference, much remains elusive in insects. Insect chemosensory proteins (CSPs) are soluble proteins that could deliver chemicals to olfactory and gustatory receptors. Recent studies have identified a number of CSPs expressed in midgut in Lepidoptera insects, which started to reveal their roles in chemical recognition and stimulating appetite in midgut. In this study, we examined expression patterns in midgut of 21 Spodoptera litura CSPs (SlitCSPs) characterized from a previously reported transcriptome, and three CSPs were identified to be expressed highly in midgut...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266104/larvicidal-activity-of-synthetic-tropane-alkaloids-against-ascia-monuste-orseis-lepidoptera-pieridae
#4
Simone Z Mairink, Luiz Ca Barbosa, Eduardo Vv Varejão, Elizeu S Farias, Márcio Lm Santos, Marcelo C Picanço
BACKGROUND: Tropane alkaloids are well known to play a role in plant defense. By blocking acetylcholine receptors, they exert insecticidal and deterrent effects against herbivore insects. Carbamates are an important class of chemical insecticides that also inhibit acetyl cholinesterase. The objective of this work was to synthesize a series of tropane alkaloids bearing a carbamate group, and to evaluate their effects against the pest Ascia monuste. The effects of the most active compounds were evaluated on the A...
March 6, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223048/vegetative-insecticidal-protein-of-bacillus-thuringiensis-blb459-and-its-efficiency-against-lepidoptera
#5
Hanen Boukedi, Saoussen Ben Khedher, Rania Hadhri, Samir Jaoua, Slim Tounsi, Lobna Abdelkefi-Mesrati
Bacillus thuringiensis strain BLB459 supernatant showed a promising activity against Lepidopteran pests with extremely damages in the larvae midgut. Investigations of the genes that encode secreted toxin demonstrated that this strain harbored a vip3-type gene named vip3(459). Based on its original nucleotide and amino acid sequences, this gene was cloned into pET-14b vector and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The expressed protein was purified and tested against different insects and interestingly the novel toxin demonstrated a remarkable activity against the stored products pest Ephestia kuehniella and the polyphagous insects Spodoptera littoralis and Agrotis segetum...
February 20, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186125/responses-of-the-cutworm-spodoptera-litura-lepidoptera-noctuidae-to-two-bt-corn-hybrids-expressing-cry1ab
#6
Shu Yinghua, Du Yan, Chen Jin, Wei Jiaxi, Wang Jianwu
To examine the responses of the secondary lepidopteran pest Spodoptera litura to two Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn hybrids [5422Bt1 (Event Bt11), 5422CBCL (MON810)] expressing Cry1Ab, larval bioassays with Cry1Ab toxin, corn leaves or kernels and bagging on corn plants were conducted. The results showed that larvae displayed a similar performance when fed kernels, but not leaves of 5422Bt1, 5422CBCL and their near-isogenic non-Bt corn (5422). Significantly higher Cry1Ab amounts were detected in larvae fed leaves than kernels of both Bt hybrids, with different molecular weights of protein band in plants (72 and 90 kDa for 5422Bt1 and 5422CBCL, respectively), gut contents (65 kDa), feces (50 kDa), which indicated that larvae had lower ingestion, higher degradation and excretion of Cry1Ab when fed kernels not leaves of both Bt hybrids...
February 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185941/expression-map-of-a-complete-set-of-gustatory-receptor-genes-in-chemosensory-organs-of-bombyx-mori
#7
Huizhen Guo, Tingcai Cheng, Zhiwei Chen, Liang Jiang, Youbing Guo, Jianqiu Liu, Shenglong Li, Kiyoko Taniai, Kiyoshi Asaoka, Keiko Kadono-Okuda, Kallare P Arunkumar, Jiaqi Wu, Hirohisa Kishino, Huijie Zhang, Rakesh K Seth, Karumathil P Gopinathan, Nicolas Montagné, Emmanuelle Jacquin-Joly, Marian R Goldsmith, Qingyou Xia, Kazuei Mita
Most lepidopteran species are herbivores, and interaction with host plants affects their gene expression and behavior as well as their genome evolution. Gustatory receptors (Grs) are expected to mediate host plant selection, feeding, oviposition and courtship behavior. However, due to their high diversity, sequence divergence and extremely low level of expression it has been difficult to identify precisely a complete set of Grs in Lepidoptera. By manual annotation and BAC sequencing, we improved annotation of 43 gene sequences compared with previously reported Grs in the most studied lepidopteran model, the silkworm, Bombyx mori, and identified 7 new tandem copies of BmGr30 on chromosome 7, bringing the total number of BmGrs to 76...
March 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087271/mesoionic-pyrido-1-2-a-pyrimidinones-discovery-of-dicloromezotiaz-as-a-lepidoptera-insecticide-acting-on-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-1-2
#8
Wenming Zhang, Caleb W Holyoke, James Barry, Daniel Cordova, Robert M Leighty, My-Hanh T Tong, Kenneth A Hughes, George P Lahm, Thomas F Pahutski, Ming Xu, Twyla A Briddell, Stephen F McCann, Yewande T Henry, Yuzhong Chen
A novel class of mesoionic pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidinones has been discovered with exceptional insecticidal activity controlling a number of insect species. In this communication, we report the part of the optimization program that led to the identification of dicloromezotiaz as a potent insecticide to control a broad range of lepidoptera. Our efforts in discovery, synthesis, structure-activity relationship elucidation, and biological activity evaluation are also presented.
January 5, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043334/ryanodine-receptor-genes-of-the-rice-stem-borer-chilo-suppressalis-molecular-cloning-alternative-splicing-and-expression-profiling
#9
Y C Peng, C W Sheng, John E Casida, C Q Zhao, Z J Han
The ryanodine receptor (RyR) of the calcium release channel is the main target of anthranilic and phthalic diamide insecticides which have high selective insecticidal activity relative to mammalian toxicity. In this study, the full-length cDNA of Chilo suppressalis RyR (CsRyR) was isolated and characterized. The CsRyR mRNA has an open reading frame (ORF) of 15,387bp nucleotides, which encodes 5128 amino acids with GenBank ID: KR088972. Comparison of protein sequences showed that CsRyR shared high identities with other insects of 77-96% and lower identity to mammals and nematodes with only 42-45%...
January 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986933/the-spodoptera-exigua-lepidoptera-noctuidae-abcc2-mediates-cry1ac-cytotoxicity-and-in-conjunction-with-cadherin-contributes-to-enhance-cry1ca-toxicity-in-sf9-cells
#10
Xiang-Liang Ren, Wei-Li Jiang, Ya-Jie Ma, Hong-Yan Hu, Xiao-Yan Ma, Yan Ma, Guo-Qing Li
In insects, the mode of Cry1A toxins action has been studied in detail and many receptors that participate in the process are known. Recent evidence has revealed that an ABC transporter (ABCC2) is involved in conferring resistance to Cry1A toxins and that ABCC2 could be a receptor of Cry1A. However, it is not known whether Cry1Ca interacts with the same receptor proteins as Cry1A. In this study, we report the cloning of an ABC transporter gene, SeABCC2b, from the midgut of Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) larvae, and its expression in Sf9 cells for a functional analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958372/global-map-of-oxytocin-vasopressin-like-neuropeptide-signalling-in-insects
#11
Zita Liutkeviciute, Johannes Koehbach, Thomas Eder, Esther Gil-Mansilla, Christian W Gruber
Oxytocin and vasopressin mediate a range of physiological functions that are important for osmoregulation, reproduction, social behaviour, memory and learning. The origin of this signalling system is thought to date back ~600 million years. Oxytocin/vasopressin-like peptides have been identified in several invertebrate species and they appear to be functionally related across the entire animal kingdom. There is little information available about the biology of this peptide G protein-coupled receptor signalling system in insects...
December 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929397/a-p-glycoprotein-is-linked-to-resistance-to-the-bacillus-thuringiensis-cry3aa-toxin-in-a-leaf-beetle
#12
Yannick Pauchet, Anne Bretschneider, Sylvie Augustin, David G Heckel
Chrysomela tremula is a polyvoltine oligophagous leaf beetle responsible for massive attacks on poplar trees. This beetle is an important model for understanding mechanisms of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) insecticidal toxins, because a resistant C. tremula strain has been found that can survive and reproduce on transgenic poplar trees expressing high levels of the Cry3Aa Bt toxin. Resistance to Cry3Aa in this strain is recessive and is controlled by a single autosomal locus. We used a larval midgut transcriptome for C...
December 5, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914919/expressing-a-moth-abcc2-gene-in-transgenic-drosophila-causes-susceptibility-to-bt-cry1ac-without-requiring-a-cadherin-like-protein-receptor
#13
Tristan Stevens, Sisi Song, John B Bruning, Amanda Choo, Simon W Baxter
Bt toxins ingested by insect pests can bind to midgut receptors and cause death, although several steps in this process remain unclear. Multiple Bt toxin receptors have been identified in Lepidoptera, including a cadherin-like protein (CaLP), which is central to several models explaining Bt toxins' mode of action. Mutations in the Plutella xylostella ATP-dependent binding cassette transporter C2 (Px-abcc2), rather than CaLP, are genetically linked with Bt Cry1Ac resistance. Here we expressed Px-abcc2 in Drosophila and performed larval bioassays to determine whether this protein acts as an effective Bt receptor...
January 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896932/mesoionic-insecticides-a-novel-class-of-insecticides-that-modulate-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors
#14
Caleb W Holyoke, Daniel Cordova, Wenming Zhang, James D Barry, Robert M Leighty, Robert F Dietrich, James J Rauh, Thomas F Pahutski, George P Lahm, My-Hanh Thi Tong, Eric A Benner, John L Andreassi, Rejane M Smith, Daniel R Vincent, Laurie A Christianson, Luis A Teixeira, Vineet Singh, Kenneth A Hughes
BACKGROUND: As the world population grows towards 9 billion by 2050, it is projected that food production will need to increase by 60%. A critical part of this growth includes the safe and effective use of insecticides to reduce the estimated 20-49% loss of global crop yields owing to pests. The development of new insecticides will help to sustain this protection and overcome insecticide resistance. RESULTS: A novel class of mesoionic compounds has been discovered, with exceptional insecticidal activity on a range of Hemiptera and Lepidoptera...
April 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845250/ryanodine-receptor-point-mutations-confer-diamide-insecticide-resistance-in-tomato-leafminer-tuta-absoluta-lepidoptera-gelechiidae
#15
Emmanouil Roditakis, Denise Steinbach, Gerald Moritz, Emmanouil Vasakis, Marianna Stavrakaki, Aris Ilias, Lidia García-Vidal, María Del Rosario Martínez-Aguirre, Pablo Bielza, Evangelia Morou, Jefferson E Silva, Wellington M Silva, Ηerbert A A Siqueira, Sofia Iqbal, Bartlomiej J Troczka, Martin S Williamson, Chris Bass, Anastasia Tsagkarakou, John Vontas, Ralf Nauen
Insect ryanodine receptors (RyR) are the molecular target-site for the recently introduced diamide insecticides. Diamides are particularly active on Lepidoptera pests, including tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). High levels of diamide resistance were recently described in some European populations of T. absoluta, however, the mechanisms of resistance remained unknown. In this study the molecular basis of diamide resistance was investigated in a diamide resistant strain from Italy (IT-GELA-SD4), and additional resistant field populations collected in Greece, Spain and Brazil...
January 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777010/mesoionic-pyrido-1-2-a-pyrimidinones-a-novel-class-of-insecticides-inhibiting-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors
#16
Wenming Zhang, Caleb W Holyoke, James Barry, Robert M Leighty, Daniel Cordova, Daniel R Vincent, Kenneth A Hughes, My-Hanh T Tong, Stephen F McCann, Ming Xu, Twyla A Briddell, Thomas F Pahutski, George P Lahm
A novel class of mesoionic pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidinones has been discovered with exceptional insecticidal activity controlling a number of insect species, particularly hemiptera and lepidoptera. Mode-of-action studies showed that they act on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) primarily as inhibitors. Here we report the discovery, evolution, and preparation of this class of chemistry. Our efforts in structure-activity relationship elucidation and biological activity evaluation are also presented.
November 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741298/analysis-of-the-antennal-transcriptome-and-insights-into-olfactory-genes-in-hyphantria-cunea-drury
#17
Long-Wa Zhang, Ke Kang, Shi-Chang Jiang, Ya-Nan Zhang, Tian-Tian Wang, Jing Zhang, Long Sun, Yun-Qiu Yang, Chang-Chun Huang, Li-Ya Jiang, De-Gui Ding
Hyphantria cunea (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) is an invasive insect pest which, in China, causes unprecedented damage and economic losses due to its extreme fecundity and wide host range, including forest and shade trees, and even crops. Compared to the better known lepidopteran species which use Type-I pheromones, little is known at the molecular level about the olfactory mechanisms of host location and mate choice in H. cunea, a species using Type-II lepidopteran pheromones. In the present study, the H...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698435/sex-pheromone-recognition-and-characterization-of-three-pheromone-binding-proteins-in-the-legume-pod-borer-maruca-vitrata-fabricius-lepidoptera-crambidae
#18
Aping Mao, Jing Zhou, Bin Mao, Ya Zheng, Yufeng Wang, Daiqin Li, Pan Wang, Kaiyu Liu, Xiaoping Wang, Hui Ai
Pheromone-binding proteins (PBPs) are essential for the filtering, binding and transporting of sex pheromones across sensillum lymph to membrane-associated pheromone receptors of moths. In this study, three novel PBP genes were expressed in Escherichia coli to examine their involvement in the sex pheromone perception of Maruca vitrata. Fluorescence binding experiments indicated that MvitPBP1-3 had strong binding affinities with four sex pheromones. Moreover, molecular docking results demonstrated that six amino acid residues of three MvitPBPs were involved in the binding of the sex pheromones...
October 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638948/trpa5-an-ankyrin-subfamily-insect-trp-channel-is-expressed-in-antennae-of-cydia-pomonella-lepidoptera-tortricidae-in-multiple-splice-variants
#19
Alberto Maria Cattaneo, Jonas Martin Bengtsson, Nicolas Montagné, Emmanuelle Jacquin-Joly, Omar Rota-Stabelli, Umberto Salvagnin, Angela Bassoli, Peter Witzgall, Gianfranco Anfora
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are an ancient family of cation channels, working as metabotropic triggers, which respond to physical and chemical environmental cues. Perception of chemical signals mediate reproductive behaviors and is therefore an important target for sustainable management tactics against the codling moth Cydia pomonella L. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). However, olfactory behavior strongly depends on diel periodicity and correlation of chemical with physical cues, like temperature, and physical cues thus essentially contribute to the generation of behavioral response...
2016: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624654/monitoring-and-mechanisms-of-insecticide-resistance-in-chilo-suppressalis-lepidoptera-crambidae-with-special-reference-to-diamides
#20
Rong Yao, Dan-Dan Zhao, Shuai Zhang, Li-Qi Zhou, Xin Wang, Cong-Fen Gao, Shun-Fan Wu
BACKGROUND: The rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis Walker (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), is one of the most economically important pests of rice in Asia. Chemical control remains the most efficient primary means for controlling this pest. RESULTS: Significant variations among field populations in their resistance to seven insecticides were observed. The populations exhibited LC50 values that ranged between 0.605 and 108.088 mg AI L(-1) for chlorantraniliprole and between 0...
June 2017: Pest Management Science
keyword
keyword
53377
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"