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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209233/chemosensory-gene-families-in-ectropis-grisescens-and-candidates-for-detection-of-type-ii-sex-pheromones
#1
Zhao-Qun Li, Zong-Xiu Luo, Xiao-Ming Cai, Lei Bian, Zhao-Jun Xin, Yan Liu, Bo Chu, Zong-Mao Chen
Tea grey geometrid (Ectropis grisescens), a devastating chewing pest in tea plantations throughout China, produces Type-II pheromone components. Little is known about the genes encoding proteins involved in the perception of Type-II sex pheromone components. To investigate the olfaction genes involved in E. grisescens sex pheromones and plant volatiles perception, we sequenced female and male antennae transcriptomes of E. grisescens. After assembly and annotation, we identified 153 candidate chemoreception genes in E...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164671/characterization-of-two-groups-of-spodoptera-exigua-h%C3%A3-bner-lepidoptera-noctuidae-c-type-lectins-and-insights-into-their-role-in-defense-against-the-densovirus-jcdv
#2
Laila Gasmi, Agata K Jakubowska, Juan Ferré, Mylène Ogliastro, Salvador Herrero
Insect innate immunity relies on numerous soluble and membrane-bound receptors, named pattern recognition proteins (PRPs), which enable the insect to recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns. C-type lectins are among the best-studied PRPs and constitute the most diverse family of animal lectins. Here we have characterized two groups of Spodoptera exigua C-type lectins that differ in their phylogeny, domain architecture, and expression pattern. One group includes C-type lectins with similar characteristics to other lepidopteran lectins, and a second group includes bracoviral-related lectins (bracovirus-like lectins, Se-BLLs) recently acquired by horizontal gene transfer...
November 22, 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126322/characterization-of-odorant-receptors-from-a-non-ditrysian-moth-eriocrania-semipurpurella-sheds-light-on-the-origin-of-sex-pheromone-receptors-in-lepidoptera
#3
Jothi Kumar Yuvaraj, Jacob A Corcoran, Martin N Andersson, Richard D Newcomb, Olle Anderbrant, Christer Löfstedt
Pheromone receptors (PRs) are essential in moths to detect sex pheromones for mate finding. However, it remains unknown from which ancestral proteins these specialized receptors arose. The oldest lineages of moths, so-called non-ditrysian moths, use short-chain pheromone components, secondary alcohols, or ketones, so called Type 0 pheromones that are similar to many common plant volatiles. It is, therefore, possible that receptors for these ancestral pheromones evolved from receptors detecting plant volatiles...
November 1, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029181/characterization-of-odorant-receptors-from-a-non-ditrysian-moth-eriocrania-semipurpurella-sheds-light-on-the-origin-of-sex-pheromone-receptors-in-lepidoptera
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872696/the-light-cycle-controls-the-hatching-rhythm-in-bombyx-mori-via-negative-feedback-loop-of-the-circadian-oscillator
#5
Hui Tao, Xue Li, Jian-Feng Qiu, Heng-Jiang Liu, Da-Yan Zhang, Feng Chu, Yanghu Sima, Shi-Qing Xu
Hatching behavior is a key target in silkworm (Bombyx mori) rearing, especially for the control of Lepidoptera pests. According to previous research, hatching rhythms appear to be controlled by a clock mechanism that restricts or "gates" hatching to a particular time. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Under 12-h light:12-h dark photoperiod (LD) conditions, the transcriptional levels of the chitinase5 (Cht5) and hatching enzyme-like (Hel) genes, as well as the enzymatic activities of their gene products, oscillated in time with ambient light cycles, as did the transcriptional levels of the cryptochrome 1, cryptochrome 2, period (per), and timeless genes, which are key components of the negative feedback loop of the circadian rhythm...
October 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854653/crispr-cas9-editing-of-the-codling-moth-lepidoptera-tortricidae-cpomor1-gene-affects-egg-production-and-viability
#6
Stephen F Garczynski, Jessica A Martin, Margaret Griset, Laura S Willett, W Rodney Cooper, Kylie D Swisher, Thomas R Unruh
The codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is a major pest of pome fruit worldwide. Incorporation of semiochemicals, including the main sex pheromone (codlemone), into codling moth IPM programs has drastically reduced the amount of chemical insecticides needed to control this orchard pest. Odorant receptors located in sensory neuron membranes in the antennae are key sensors in the detection of semiochemicals and trigger downstream signaling events leading to a behavioral response. CpomOR1 is an odorant receptor belonging to the pheromone receptor subfamily in codling moth, and is a prime candidate for being a codlemone receptor based on its high expression levels in male antennae...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825966/molecular-characterization-of-sugar-taste-receptors-in-cotton-bollworm-helicoverpa-armigera
#7
Wei Xu, Nai-Yong Liu, Yalin Liao, Alisha Anderson
Insects utilize sugars as their essential energy and nutrient sources; therefore, the sense of sugar detection plays a critical role in insect behaviours. Previously using genomic and transcriptomic approaches, we identified eight putative sugar gustatory receptor (GR) genes from the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Here we further validated these annotated sugar receptor genes (HarmGr4-8 and 10-12) and found HarmGr10 may be a pseudogene carrying a stop codon in the open reading frame (ORF)...
August 21, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808417/down-regulation-of-aminopeptidase-n-and-abc-transporter-subfamily-g-transcripts-in-cry1ab-and-cry1ac-resistant-asian-corn-borer-ostrinia-furnacalis-lepidoptera-crambidae
#8
Tiantao Zhang, Brad S Coates, Yueqin Wang, Yidong Wang, Shuxiong Bai, Zhenying Wang, Kanglai He
The Asian corn borer (ACB), Ostrinia furnacalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), is a highly destructive pest of cultivated maize throughout East Asia. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) crystalline protein (Cry) toxins cause mortality by a mechanism involving pore formation or signal transduction following toxin binding to receptors along the midgut lumen of susceptible insects, but this mechanism and mutations therein that lead to resistance are not fully understood. In the current study, quantitative comparisons were made among midgut expressed transcripts from O...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754962/two-dopamine-d2-like-receptor-genes-from-the-silkworm-bombyx-mori-and-their-evolutionary-history-in-metazoan
#9
Ping Chen, Peng Chen, Tian Li, Qi Shen, Deng-Feng Yan, Liang Zhang, Xi Chen, Yan Li, Wei Zhao
Dopamine is widely distributed in metazoans and is implicated in many physiological functions. Dopaminergic signaling is mediated through two classes of dopamine receptors, D1-like and D2-like. Phylogeny analysis reveals that, the dopamine receptors probably appeared ahead of the cnidarian divergence, two distinct classes of dopamine receptors likely formed prior to the separation of deuterostomes and protostomes, and INDRs probably split from its ancestor before the emergence of nematodes. Two D2-like genes are closely linked on the same scaffold, and the chromosome region around D2-like gene loci show colinearity among different species within Lepidoptera...
July 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680812/new-reporter-gene-assays-for-detecting-natural-and-synthetic-molting-hormone-agonists-using-yeasts-expressing-ecdysone-receptors-of-various-insects
#10
Sayoko Ito-Harashima, Mai Matsuura, Masanobu Kawanishi, Yoshiaki Nakagawa, Takashi Yagi
Synthetic nonsteroidal ecdysone agonists, a class of insect growth regulators (IGRs), target the ecdysone receptor (EcR), which forms a heterodimer with ultraspiracle (USP) to transactivate ecdysone response genes. These compounds have high binding affinities to the EcR-USP complexes of certain insects and their toxicity is selective for certain taxonomic orders. In the present study, we developed reporter gene assay (RGA) systems to detect molting hormone (ecdysone) activity by introducing EcR-USP cDNA and a bacterial lacZ reporter gene into yeast...
July 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663125/characterization-of-three-serotonin-receptors-from-the-small-white-butterfly-pieris-rapae
#11
Yi-Xiang Qi, Miao Jin, Xu-Yang Ni, Gong-Yin Ye, Youngseok Lee, Jia Huang
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) plays a key role in modulating diverse physiological processes and behaviors in both protostomes and deuterostomes. These functions are mediated through the binding of serotonin to its receptors, which are recognized as potential insecticide targets. We investigated the sequence, pharmacology and tissue distribution of three 5-HT receptors (Piera5-HT1A, Piera5-HT1B, Piera5-HT7) from the small white butterfly Pieris rapae, an important pest of cultivated cabbages and other mustard family crops...
August 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618068/molecular-cloning-and-analysis-of-a-c-type-lectin-from-silkworm-bombyx-mori
#12
Toufeeq Shahzad, Ming-Yue Zhan, Pei-Jin Yang, Xiao-Qiang Yu, Xiang-Jun Rao
C-type lectins (CTLs) play a variety of roles in plants and animals. They are involved in animal development, pathogen recognition, and the activation of immune responses. CTLs carry one or more non-catalytic carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs) to bind specific carbohydrates reversibly. Here, we report the molecular cloning and functional analysis of a single-CRD CTL, named C-type lectin-S2 (BmCTL-S2) from the domesticated silkmoth Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). The ORF of CTL-S2 is 666 bp, which encodes a putative protein of 221 amino acids...
July 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614384/antennal-transcriptome-analysis-of-the-piercing-moth-oraesia-emarginata-lepidoptera-noctuidae
#13
Bo Feng, Qianshuang Guo, Kaidi Zheng, Yuanxia Qin, Yongjun Du
The piercing fruit moth Oraesia emarginata is an economically significant pest; however, our understanding of its olfactory mechanisms in infestation is limited. The present study conducted antennal transcriptome analysis of olfactory genes using real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR analysis (RT-qPCR). We identified a total of 104 candidate chemosensory genes from several gene families, including 35 olfactory receptors (ORs), 41 odorant-binding proteins, 20 chemosensory proteins, 6 ionotropic receptors, and 2 sensory neuron membrane proteins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580965/functional-evolution-of-lepidoptera-olfactory-receptors-revealed-by-deorphanization-of-a-moth-repertoire
#14
Arthur de Fouchier, William B Walker, Nicolas Montagné, Claudia Steiner, Muhammad Binyameen, Fredrik Schlyter, Thomas Chertemps, Annick Maria, Marie-Christine François, Christelle Monsempes, Peter Anderson, Bill S Hansson, Mattias C Larsson, Emmanuelle Jacquin-Joly
Insects detect their hosts or mates primarily through olfaction, and olfactory receptors (ORs) are at the core of odorant detection. Each species has evolved a unique repertoire of ORs whose functional properties are expected to meet its ecological needs, though little is known about the molecular basis of olfaction outside Diptera. Here we report a pioneer functional analysis of a large array of ORs in a lepidopteran, the herbivorous pest Spodoptera littoralis. We demonstrate that most ORs are narrowly tuned to ubiquitous plant volatiles at low, relevant odorant titres...
June 5, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474181/sexual-selection-on-receptor-organ-traits-younger-females-attract-males-with-longer-antennae
#15
Tamara L Johnson, Matthew R E Symonds, Mark A Elgar
Sexual selection theory predicts that female choice may favour the evolution of elaborate male signals. Darwin also suggested that sexual selection can favour elaborate receiver structures in order to better detect sexual signals, an idea that has been largely ignored. We evaluated this unorthodox perspective by documenting the antennal lengths of male Uraba lugens Walker (Lepidoptera: Nolidae) moths that were attracted to experimentally manipulated emissions of female sex pheromone. Either one or two females were placed in field traps for the duration of their adult lives in order to create differences in the quantity of pheromone emissions from the traps...
June 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387246/sensory-genes-identification-with-head-transcriptome-of-the-migratory-armyworm-mythimna-separata
#16
Zhenxing Liu, Xiaoyun Wang, Chaoliang Lei, Fen Zhu
Sensory system plays important roles in a wide array of insect's behavior and physiological events, including the host landing and locating, feeding, flying, sex responding, mating and oviposition which happen independently and in sequence. The armyworm Mythimna separata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) of migratory insect is destructive for alimentarn crop and economic crop throughout the world. Here we present the high throughput sequencing of the head transcriptome and identify members of the major sensory genes which are crucial for armyworm's success worldwide, including 8 opsins, 22 chemosensory proteins, 50 odorant binding proteins, 60 odorant receptors, 8 gustatory receptors, 24 ionotropic receptors, and 2 sensory neuron membrane proteins...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331183/differential-expression-of-chemosensory-protein-genes-in-midguts-in-response-to-diet-of-spodoptera-litura
#17
Xin Yi, Jiangwei Qi, Xiaofan Zhou, Mei Ying Hu, Guo Hua Zhong
While it has been well characterized that chemosensory receptors in guts of mammals have great influence on food preference, much remains elusive in insects. Insect chemosensory proteins (CSPs) are soluble proteins that could deliver chemicals to olfactory and gustatory receptors. Recent studies have identified a number of CSPs expressed in midgut in Lepidoptera insects, which started to reveal their roles in chemical recognition and stimulating appetite in midgut. In this study, we examined expression patterns in midgut of 21 Spodoptera litura CSPs (SlitCSPs) characterized from a previously reported transcriptome, and three CSPs were identified to be expressed highly in midgut...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266104/larvicidal-activity-of-synthetic-tropane-alkaloids-against-ascia-monuste-orseis-lepidoptera-pieridae
#18
Simone Z Mairink, Luiz Ca Barbosa, Eduardo Vv Varejão, Elizeu S Farias, Márcio Lm Santos, Marcelo C Picanço
BACKGROUND: Tropane alkaloids are known to play a role in plant defence. By blocking acetylcholine receptors, they exert insecticidal and deterrent effects against herbivore insects. Carbamates are an important class of chemical insecticides that also inhibit acetyl cholinesterase. The objective of this work was to synthesise a series of tropane alkaloids bearing a carbamate group, and to evaluate their effects against the pest Ascia monuste. The effects of the most active compounds were evaluated on the A...
March 6, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223048/vegetative-insecticidal-protein-of-bacillus-thuringiensis-blb459-and-its-efficiency-against-lepidoptera
#19
Hanen Boukedi, Saoussen Ben Khedher, Rania Hadhri, Samir Jaoua, Slim Tounsi, Lobna Abdelkefi-Mesrati
Bacillus thuringiensis strain BLB459 supernatant showed a promising activity against Lepidopteran pests with extremely damages in the larvae midgut. Investigations of the genes that encode secreted toxin demonstrated that this strain harbored a vip3-type gene named vip3(459). Based on its original nucleotide and amino acid sequences, this gene was cloned into pET-14b vector and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The expressed protein was purified and tested against different insects and interestingly the novel toxin demonstrated a remarkable activity against the stored products pest Ephestia kuehniella and the polyphagous insects Spodoptera littoralis and Agrotis segetum...
April 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186125/responses-of-the-cutworm-spodoptera-litura-lepidoptera-noctuidae-to-two-bt-corn-hybrids-expressing-cry1ab
#20
Shu Yinghua, Du Yan, Chen Jin, Wei Jiaxi, Wang Jianwu
To examine the responses of the secondary lepidopteran pest Spodoptera litura to two Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn hybrids [5422Bt1 (Event Bt11), 5422CBCL (MON810)] expressing Cry1Ab, larval bioassays with Cry1Ab toxin, corn leaves or kernels and bagging on corn plants were conducted. The results showed that larvae displayed a similar performance when fed kernels, but not leaves of 5422Bt1, 5422CBCL and their near-isogenic non-Bt corn (5422). Significantly higher Cry1Ab amounts were detected in larvae fed leaves than kernels of both Bt hybrids, with different molecular weights of protein band in plants (72 and 90 kDa for 5422Bt1 and 5422CBCL, respectively), gut contents (65 kDa), feces (50 kDa), which indicated that larvae had lower ingestion, higher degradation and excretion of Cry1Ab when fed kernels not leaves of both Bt hybrids...
February 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
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