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Injury prevention, sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914309/unique-approach-to-sensorimotor-training-with-a-new-device-combining-air-cushion-with-stochastic-translations-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Christian Mittermaier, Maximilian Schindler, Benjamin Loader, Thomas Waldhoer, Clemens Ambrozy, Richard Crevenna, Karin Pieber
Sensorimotor training with a wide variety of available devices represents an important component in rehabilitation and prevention of different sports injuries and chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a sensorimotor training with a newly developed device, which consists of an instable platform moving on an air cushion, providing dynamic balance training by tilting and unanticipated stochastic translations on postural control. Seventy-two healthy young subjects were included in this prospective, randomized, controlled, and observer-blinded study...
November 25, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908650/musculoskeletal-conditions-in-a-pediatric-population-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#2
Courtney M Stern, Michael J Pepin, Joan M Stoler, Dennis E Kramer, Samantha A Spencer, Cynthia J Stein
OBJECTIVE: To describe musculoskeletal conditions in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review was performed, which evaluated 205 patients with EDS (ages 6-19 years) seen in sports medicine or orthopedic clinic at a large pediatric hospital over a 5-year period. RESULTS: Female (n = 147) and male (n = 57) patients were identified (mean age 12.7 years). The most common EDS subtype (55...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900310/rockwood-grade-i-and-ii-acromioclavicular-injuries-as-benign-as-commonly-believed
#3
Alexander Scott North
The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is the articulation between the distal clavicle and the acromion process of the scapula. As the upper limb moves, passive motion of the AC joint occurs in three planes, with the AC and coracoclavicular ligaments providing stability. Injuries are common, particularly during contact sports, and are classified using Rockwood's system. Grade I (sprain) and II (rupture) injuries only affect the AC ligaments and are generally managed conservatively. However, recent reports have indicated that long-term outcomes after these injuries are poor, perhaps due to an inadequate period of immobilization preventing complete ligamentous healing...
July 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900197/research-priorities-of-international-sporting-federations-and-the-ioc-research-centres
#4
Caroline F Finch, Scott Talpey, Ashley Bradshaw, Torbjorn Soligard, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND/AIM: To be fully effective, the prevention of injury in sport and promotion of athlete's health needs to be both targeted and underpinned by scientific evidence. This study aimed to identify the research priorities of International Sporting Federation (ISFs) compared to the current research focus of the International Olympic Committee Research Centres (IOC-RCs). METHODS: Online survey of ISF Medical Chairpersons (n=22, 69% response) and IOC-RC Directors (n=7, 78% response)...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900178/self-reported-worst-injuries-in-women-s-australian-football-identify-lower-limb-injuries-as-a-prevention-priority
#5
Lauren V Fortington, Alex Donaldson, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Increasing participation by women in Australian football (AF) has made understanding their specific injury prevention needs a priority. In other sports, men and women have different injury profiles. This study aims to provide the first overview of self-reported injuries in women's AF. METHODS: Nationwide survey of women aged 17+ years who played in an AF competition was conducted following the 2014 playing season. The players' self-reported worst injury from the 2014 season is presented according to injury type, body part injured, treatment sought and games/training missed...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900171/priorities-for-injury-prevention-in-women-s-australian-football-a-compilation-of-national-data-from-different-sources
#6
Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND/AIM: Participation in Australian football (AF) has traditionally been male dominated and current understanding of injury and priorities for prevention are based solely on reports of injuries in male players. There is evidence in other sports that indicates that injury types differ between males and females. With increasing participation in AF by females, it is important to consider their specific injury and prevention needs. This study aimed to provide a first injury profile from existing sources for female AF...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900162/first-overview-on-chronic-injuries-in-sport-climbing-proposal-for-a-change-in-reporting-of-injuries-in-climbing
#7
Gudmund Grønhaug, Marius Norberg
BACKGROUND: Climbing as a youth sport is growing fast. This is mostly due to indoor walls for training attracting youngsters. With hard training from young ages it is vital to be able to pinpoint training regimes to avoid injuries in athletes. Furthermore, it is vital to know what injuries are most common in the sport to be able to prevent them. Such an overview on injuries does not exist to date. The aim of this overview is to summon the injuries described in published research and to extract the most common...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900156/sports-injuries-and-ill-health-episodes-in-the-cali-2013-world-games
#8
Paulo José Llinás, Rafael Fernando Serrano, Laureano Quintero Barrera, Juan Carlos Quiceno Noguera, Juan Pablo Martinez Cano
BACKGROUND: The World Games is a multisport event, second in importance only to the Olympic Games. Systematic surveillance of injuries and ill-health episodes is an essential part of modern integral healthcare given to athletes. AIM: To describe and analyse injuries and ill-health episodes affecting competitors during the Cali World Games 2013. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of injuries and ill-health episodes suffered by competing athletes...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900148/the-efficacy-of-a-movement-control-exercise-programme-to-reduce-injuries-in-youth-rugby-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
M D Hislop, K A Stokes, S Williams, C D McKay, M England, S P T Kemp, G Trewartha
BACKGROUND: Injuries to youth rugby players have become an increasingly prominent health concern, highlighting the importance of developing and implementing appropriate preventive strategies. A growing body of evidence from other youth sports has demonstrated the efficacy of targeted exercise regimens to reduce injury risk. However, studies have yet to investigate the effect of such interventions in youth contact sport populations like rugby union. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of an evidence-based movement control exercise programme compared with a sham exercise programme to reduce injury risk in youth rugby players...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897463/a-qualitative-analysis-of-factors-related-to-eating-disorder-onset-in-female-collegiate-athletes-and-non-athletes
#10
Jessyca Arthur-Cameselle, Kayla Sossin, Paula Quatromoni
Female athletes are at risk for clinical eating disorders, yet their onset experiences have rarely been studied with qualitative methods. This study, which included interviews with 12 collegiate female athletes and 17 non-athletes, identified factors that contributed to eating disorder onset for both subgroups. Inductive content analysis revealed that low self-worth, peer issues, and comorbid psychological disorders were common in both groups. However, athletes reported sport-specific factors including performance pressure, team weigh-ins, and injuries, whereas family dysfunction, bullying, and puberty were more commonly reported triggers for non-athletes...
November 29, 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895590/brain-functional-connectivity-is-different-during-voluntary-concentric-and-eccentric-muscle-contraction
#11
Wan X Yao, Zhiguo Jiang, Jinqi Li, Changhao Jiang, Crystal G Franlin, Jack L Lancaster, Yufei Huang, Guang H Yue
Previous studies report greater activation in the cortical motor network in controlling eccentric contraction (EC) than concentric contraction (CC) of human skeletal muscles despite lower activation level of the muscle associated with EC. It is unknown, however, whether the strength of functional coupling between the primary motor cortex (M1) and other involved areas in the brain differs as voluntary movements are controlled by a network of regions in the primary, secondary and association cortices. Examining fMRI-based functional connectivity (FC) offers an opportunity to measure strength of such coupling...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893486/rankings-of-high-school-sports-injury-rates-differ-based-on-time-loss-assessments
#12
Zachary Y Kerr, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Stephen W Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To examine how injury definition inclusiveness affects the rank order of injury rates in 27 high school (HS) sports. DESIGN: The National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION) used certified athletic trainers (ATs) to collect injury and athlete-exposure (AE) data in practices and competitions for 27 HS sports during the 2011/2012 to 2013/2014 academic years. Time loss (TL) injuries resulted in ≥24 hours of participation restriction...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886844/hand-and-wrist-injuries-in-boxing-and-the-martial-arts
#13
REVIEW
Benjamin Todd Drury, Thomas P Lehman, Ghazi Rayan
Hand and wrist injuries in martial arts are typically a reflection of the combat nature of this discipline. In striking sports, the axial load mechanism of injury is common and causes fractures and dislocations; in grappling sports, sprain injuries and degenerative changes predominate. There is clear evidence to support that hand protection reduces the risk of hand injury. Traditional training in martial arts on proper technique and target selection in striking sports reduces the risk of hand injury, and is an important component of hand and wrist injury prevention...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886842/hand-and-wrist-injuries-in-golfers-and-their-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Sang-Hyun Woo, Young-Keun Lee, Jong-Min Kim, Ho-Jun Cheon, William H J Chung
A thorough understanding of the swing phases and mechanisms of injury in golf allows accurate diagnosis, treatment, and future prevention of injuries. Recommended initial treatment starts with cessation of practice to rest the wrist, a splint or orthotic brace, and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug medication with corticosteroid injection and swing modification. Pisiform excision is the best treatment of the most severe chronic cases of pisiform ligament complex syndrome. Delayed diagnosis of hook of hamate fracture may lead to complications, including flexor tendon rupture...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886827/treating-the-football-athlete-coaches-perspective-from-the-university-of-michigan
#15
REVIEW
Kevin C Chung, Meghan E Lark, Paul S Cederna
Although football is one of the most popular sports in America, its high injury incidence places concern on the injury prevention and safety of its players. This article investigates the perspectives of two National Collegiate Athletic Association Division 1 football coaches on promoting injury management and player safety while maintaining a highly competitive team. Through obtaining their coaching philosophy team management topics, effective strategies that contribute to a team culture prioritizing player well-being were identified...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884864/sports-injuries-and-illnesses-in-the-lillehammer-2016-youth-olympic-winter-games
#16
Kathrin Steffen, Christine Holm Moseid, Lars Engebretsen, Pia K Søberg, Olav Amundsen, Kristian Holm, Thomas Moger, Torbjørn Soligard
BACKGROUND: Injury and illness surveillance during high-level youth sports events is an important first step in health prevention and caretaking of the young elite athletes. AIM: To analyse injuries and illnesses that occurred during the 10 days 2nd Youth Olympic Winter Games (YOG), held in Lillehammer 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of injuries and illnesses through the reporting of (1) all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) the polyclinic and medical venues by the Lillehammer Organising Committee (LYOCOG) medical staff...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880039/importance-of-external-cause-coding-for-injury-surveillance-lessons-from-assessment-of-overexertion-injuries-among-u-s-army-soldiers-in-2014
#17
Michelle Canham-Chervak, Ryan A Steelman, Anna Schuh, Bruce H Jones
Injuries are a barrier to military medical readiness, and overexertion has historically been a leading mechanism of injury among active duty U.S. Army soldiers. Details are needed to inform prevention planning. The Defense Medical Surveillance System (DMSS) was queried for unique medical encounters among active duty Army soldiers consistent with the military injury definition and assigned an overexertion external cause code (ICD-9: E927.0-E927.9) in 2014 (n=21,891). Most (99.7%) were outpatient visits and 60% were attributed specifically to sudden strenuous movement...
November 2016: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875495/accuracy-and-reliability-of-assessing-lateral-compartmental-leg-composition-using-dxa
#18
Christiana J Raymond, Tyler A Bosch, Foster K Bush, Lisa S Chow, Donald R Dengel
PURPOSE: Investigate the accuracy and reliability of a novel dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning method in the frontal plane for total, fat, and lean mass quantification of the anterior and posterior upper leg compartments. METHODS: Twenty-one (11 female; X[Combining Overline]age=20.3±1.3 yrs) college athletes were assessed for total and regional body composition using DXA. Segmentation of anterior/posterior thigh compartments was measured with participants lying on their right and left sides and the scanned leg elevated with two foam pads...
November 21, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875057/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-preventing-and-managing-sport-related-dental-and-oral-injuries
#19
Trenton E Gould, Scott G Piland, Shane V Caswell, Dennis Ranalli, Stephen Mills, Michael S Ferrara, Ron Courson
OBJECTIVE:  To provide athletic trainers, health care professionals, and all those responsible for the care of athletes with clinical recommendations for preventing and managing sport-related dental and oral injuries. BACKGROUND:  Participation in competitive sports continues to grow at both the interscholastic and intercollegiate levels. Therefore, exposure to, and the incidence of athletic-related injury, including orofacial injury, will also likely increase...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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