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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728198/-nutrition-of-polymorbid-patients-data-or-opinions
#1
Mathias Plauth
Polymorbidity and old age are rather the rule than the exception in hospitalised patients. Malnutrition is common in such patients and should be identified by appropriate screening and assessment measures in order to devise a nutrition plan and act accordingly. Unlike in the UK or The Netherlands, malnutrition screening and nutrition teams are not mandatory for German hospitals. Malnutrition and, in particular, sarcopenia are indicators of a nutrition associated risk or increased morbidity and mortality. Malnutrition can affect patients of any medical discipline and, therefore, is managed most efficiently by the interdisciplinary and multiprofessional nutrition team...
July 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728165/active-multiple-myeloma-suppresses-and-typically-eliminates-coexisting-mgus
#2
John P Campbell, Jennifer L J Heaney, Sankalp Pandya, Zaheer Afzal, Martin Kaiser, Roger Owen, J Anthony Child, Walter Gregory, Gareth J Morgan, Graham H Jackson, Chris M Bunce, Mark T Drayson
BACKGROUND: Myeloma is consistently preceded by premalignant monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). In >5% of MGUS patients there is a second MGUS clone (biclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance; BGUS), yet, at myeloma diagnosis, presentation of biclonal gammopathy myeloma (BGMy) is considered less frequent, implying that myeloma eradicates coexisting MGUS. METHODS: In the largest study of its kind, we assessed BGMy frequency amongst 6399 newly diagnosed myeloma patients enrolled in recent UK clinical trials...
July 20, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728090/remote-mood-monitoring-for-adults-with-bipolar-disorder-an-explorative-study-of-compliance-and-impact-on-mental-health-service-use-and-costs
#3
J Simon, K Budge, J Price, G M Goodwin, J R Geddes
BACKGROUND: Remote monitoring of mood disorders may be an effective and low resource option for patient follow-up, but relevant evidence remains very limited. This study explores real-life compliance and health services impacts of mood monitoring among patients with bipolar disorder in the UK. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder who were registered users of the True Colours monitoring system for at least 12months at study assessment were included in this retrospective cohort study (n=79)...
July 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727628/replication-confirms-the-association-of-loci-in-foxe1-pde8b-capzb-and-pde10a-with-thyroid-traits-a-genetics-of-diabetes-audit-and-research-tayside-study
#4
Enrique Soto-Pedre, Moneeza K Siddiqui, Alex S Doney, Colin N A Palmer, Ewan R Pearson, Graham P Leese
OBJECTIVE: Replication of associations in genome-wide association studies is desirable to ensure that such signals are potentially clinically meaningful. This study aimed to replicate associations of selected single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with hypothyroidism and serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) using electronic medical records (EMRs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among patients of European Caucasian ethnicity from the Genetics of Diabetes Audit and Research Tayside recruited in Tayside (Scotland, UK)...
July 19, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727507/the-paralympic-games-explained-2nd-editionby-ian-brittain-published-2016-by-routledge-abingdon-oxon-uk-54-95-paperback-233-pp-isbn-978-1-138-92716-2
#5
Jim Watkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727312/uk-secretary-of-state-for-health-proposes-new-model-for-compensating-the-victims-of-adverse-outcomes-resulting-from-medical-midwifery-errors-during-childbirth
#6
Philip J Steer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727175/the-cost-of-treating-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-the-uk-a-national-survey-of-hospital-resource-use
#7
K K Dhatariya, C Skedgel, R Fordham
AIM: Diabetic ketoacidosis is a commonly encountered metabolic emergency. In 2014, a national survey was conducted looking at the management of diabetic ketoacidosis in adult patients across the UK. The survey reported the clinical management of individual patients as well as institutional factors that teams felt were important in helping to deliver that care. However, the costs of treating diabetic ketoacidosis were not reported. METHODS: We used a 'bottom up' approach to cost analysis to determine the total expense associated with treating diabetic ketoacidosis in a mixed population sample...
July 20, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726606/opiate-injection-associated-skin-soft-tissue-and-vascular-infections-england-uk-1997-2016
#8
Dan Lewer, Magdalena Harris, Vivian Hope
In England, UK, hospital admissions caused by bacterial infections associated with opioid use have increased annually since 2012, after 9 years of decline, mirroring trends in overdose deaths. The increase occurred among persons of both sexes and in all age groups and suggests preventive measures need reviewing.
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726599/improving-patient-experiences-of-mental-health-inpatient-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
T Wykes, E Csipke, P Williams, L Koeser, S Nash, D Rose, T Craig, P McCrone
BACKGROUND: Poorer patient views of mental health inpatient treatment predict both further admissions and, for those admitted involuntarily, longer admissions. As advocated in the UK Francis report, we investigated the hypothesis that improving staff training improves patients' views of ward care. METHOD: Cluster randomised trial with stepped wedge design in 16 acute mental health wards randomised (using the ralloc procedure in Stata) by an independent statistician in three waves to staff training...
July 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726170/prescribing-trends-in-a-glaucoma-clinic-and-adherence-to-egs-guidelines-a-retrospective-non-interventional-single-center-uk-study
#10
Mark Fajgenbaum, Ejaz Ansari
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine prescribing trends in a specialist glaucoma clinic in the UK. Specifically, the aims were to determine which drugs were prescribed as first-, second-, and third-line treatment, the persistence of first-, second-, and third-line treatment regimens, and the proportion of treatment decisions conforming to the European Glaucoma Society (EGS) guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective, non-interventional, single-center, case-note review was performed on a cohort of consecutive patients presenting to a specialist glaucoma clinic for follow-up...
July 19, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726067/lifestyle-advice-provision-to-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-the-perspective-of-health-professionals-in-the-uk
#11
Gemma Pugh, Rachael Hough, Helen Gravestock, Kate Williams, Abigail Fisher
PURPOSE: Health professionals are an important source of information for teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer patients. However, little is known about health professionals' provision of lifestyle advice to young people with cancer who are in their care. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to health professionals within the UK who identified themselves as working with TYA cancer patients. Health professional awareness of lifestyle guidance, provision of lifestyle advice to young people and views on lifestyle information format and delivery were explored...
July 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725870/human-factors-in-cybersecurity-examining-the-link-between-internet-addiction-impulsivity-attitudes-towards-cybersecurity-and-risky-cybersecurity-behaviours
#12
Lee Hadlington
The present study explored the relationship between risky cybersecurity behaviours, attitudes towards cybersecurity in a business environment, Internet addiction, and impulsivity. 538 participants in part-time or full-time employment in the UK completed an online questionnaire, with responses from 515 being used in the data analysis. The survey included an attitude towards cybercrime and cybersecurity in business scale, a measure of impulsivity, Internet addiction and a 'risky' cybersecurity behaviours scale...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725666/training-and-performance-measures-for-novices-to-the-area-of-fingerprint-analysis
#13
Sarah V Stevenage, Alice Bennett, Christy Pitfield
The data accessible here represents the training tool used with novice students prior to an assessment of their performance in a fingerprint matching task (Stevenage and Pitfield, 2016; Stevenage and Bennett, in preparation) [1,2]. The training tool was compiled following semi-structured interviews with practicing fingerprint experts within the UK (Stevenage and Pitfield, 2016) [1], and has been verified as being a useful summary document by a subset of these experts. Also provided are the performance data of trained student participants on a fingerprint matching task...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725593/buccal-mucosal-graft-urethroplasty-in-men-risk-factors-for-recurrence-and-complications-a-third-referral-centre-experience-in-anterior-urethroplasty-using-buccal-mucosal-graft
#14
Marco Spilotros, Neha Sihra, Sachin Malde, Mahreen H Pakzad, Rizwan Hamid, Jeremy L Ockrim, Tamsin J Greenwell
BACKGROUND: Urethral stricture disease is a challenging condition to treat and several approaches including direct visual internal urethrotomy (DVIU) and anastomotic or augmentation urethroplasties based on the use of flaps and graft have been reported. The aim of this study is to determine risk factors for stricture recurrence and complications in patients having buccal mucosal graft (BMG) urethroplasty for anterior urethral stricture under a single surgeon in a third referral centre in UK...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725543/exploring-parents-screen-viewing-behaviours-and-sedentary-time-in-association-with-their-attitudes-toward-their-young-child-s-screen-viewing
#15
Emma Solomon-Moore, Simon J Sebire, Corrie Macdonald-Wallis, Janice L Thompson, Deborah A Lawlor, Russell Jago
Sedentary time and screen-viewing (SV) are associated with chronic disease risk in adults. Parent and child sedentary time and SV are associated. Parents influence children's SV through parenting styles and role modelling. Understanding whether parents' attitudes toward child SV are associated with their own SV and sedentary time will aid development of family interventions to reduce sedentary behaviours. Cross-sectional data with 809 parents from Bristol, UK were collected in 2012-2013 and analysed in 2016...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725378/ecological-role-of-vertebrate-scavengers-in-urban-ecosystems-in-the-uk
#16
Richard Inger, Daniel T C Cox, Esra Per, Briony A Norton, Kevin J Gaston
Recent research has demonstrated how scavenging, the act of consuming dead animals, plays a key role in ecosystem structure, functioning, and stability. A growing number of studies suggest that vertebrate scavengers also provide key ecosystem services, the benefits humans gain from the natural world, particularly in the removal of carcasses from the environment. An increasing proportion of the human population is now residing in cities and towns, many of which, despite being highly altered environments, contain significant wildlife populations, and so animal carcasses...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725120/implementation-of-a-cooking-bus-intervention-to-support-cooking-in-schools-in-wales-uk
#17
Jeremy Segrott, Jo Holliday, Simon Murphy, Sarah Macdonald, Joan Roberts, Laurence Moore, Ceri Phillips
PURPOSE: The teaching of cooking is an important aspect of school-based efforts to promote healthy diets among children, and is frequently done by external agencies. Within a limited evidence base relating to cooking interventions in schools, there are important questions about how interventions are integrated within school settings. The purpose of this paper is to examine how a mobile classroom (Cooking Bus) sought to strengthen connections between schools and cooking, and drawing on the concept of the sociotechnical network, theorise the interactions between the Bus and school contexts...
2017: Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724643/a-review-of-the-characteristics-of-dietary-fibers-relevant-to-appetite-and-energy-intake-outcomes-in-human-intervention-trials
#18
Kaisa S Poutanen, Pierre Dussort, Alfrun Erkner, Susana Fiszman, Kavita Karnik, Mette Kristensen, Cyril Fm Marsaux, Sophie Miquel-Kergoat, Saara P Pentikäinen, Peter Putz, Joanne L Slavin, Robert E Steinert, David J Mela
Background: Many intervention studies have tested the effect of dietary fibers (DFs) on appetite-related outcomes, with inconsistent results. However, DFs comprise a wide range of compounds with diverse properties, and the specific contribution of these to appetite control is not well characterized.Objective: The influence of specific DF characteristics [i.e., viscosity, gel-forming capacity, fermentability, or molecular weight (MW)] on appetite-related outcomes was assessed in healthy humans.Design: Controlled human intervention trials that tested the effects of well-characterized DFs on appetite ratings or energy intake were identified from a systematic search of literature...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724551/evaluation-of-a-pilot-police-led-suicide-early-alert-surveillance-strategy-in-the-uk
#19
Grant James McGeechan, Catherine Richardson, Kevin Weir, Lynn Wilson, Gillian O'Neill, Dorothy Newbury-Birch
INTRODUCTION: Those bereaved by suicide are at increased risk of psychological harm, which can be reduced with the provision of timely support. This paper outlines an evaluation of a pilot police-led suicide strategy, in comparison to a coroner-led suicide strategy looking at the number, and length of time it takes for deaths to be recorded for each strategy. Additionally, the police-led strategy offers timely contact from support services for bereaved individuals. We examined what impact this offer of support had on the capacity of support services...
July 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724534/m6aviewer-software-for-the-detection-analysis-and-visualization-of-n6-methyl-adenosine-peaks-from-m6a-seq-me-rip-sequencing-data
#20
Agne Antanaviciute, Belinda Baquero-Perez, Christopher M Watson, Sally M Harrison, Carolina Lascelles, Laura Crinnion, Alexander F Markham, David T Bonthron, Adrian Whitehouse, Ian M Carr
Recent methods for transcriptome-wide N6-methyl-adenosine(m6A) profiling have facilitated investigations into the RNA methylome and established m6A as a dynamic modification that has critical regulatory roles in gene expression and may play a role in human disease. However, bioinformatics resources available for the analysis of m6A sequencing data are still limited. Here, we describe m6aViewer - a cross-platform application for analysis and visualisation of m6A peaks from sequencing data. m6aViewer implements a novel m6A peak-calling algorithm that identifies high-confidence methylated residues with more precision than previously described approaches...
July 19, 2017: RNA
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