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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812962/book-review-leadership-theory-and-practice-leadership-theory-and-practice-2016-by-northouse-p-uk-sage-publications-inc-7th-ed-ise-p-493-%C3%A2-55-00-paperback-isbn-978-1-4833-1753-3
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812924/susceptibility-testing-and-reporting-of-new-antibiotics-with-a-focus-on-tedizolid-an-international-working-group-report
#2
Mark H Wilcox, Natalia Dmitrieva, Ana Cristina Gales, Irina Petukhova, Suleiman Al-Obeid, Flavia Rossi, Joseph M Blondeau
Inappropriate use and overuse of antibiotics are among the most important factors in resistance development, and effective antibiotic stewardship measures are needed to optimize outcomes. Selection of appropriate antimicrobials relies on accurate and timely antimicrobial susceptibility testing. However, the availability of clinical breakpoints and in vitro susceptibility testing often lags behind regulatory approval by several years for new antimicrobials. A Working Group of clinical/medical microbiologists from Brazil, Canada, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Russia and the UK recently examined issues surrounding antimicrobial susceptibility testing for novel antibiotics...
August 16, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812814/a-comparison-of-iran-and-uk-eq-5d-3l-value-sets-based-on-visual-analogue-scale
#3
Aliasghar A Kiadaliri
BACKGROUND: Preference weights for EQ-5D-3L based on visual analogue scale (VAS) has recently been developed in Iran. The aim of the current study was to compare performance of this value set against the UK VAS-based value set. METHODS: The mean scores for all possible 243 health states were compared using Student t test. Absolute agreement and consistency were investigated using concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) and Bland-Altman plot. Health gains for 29 403 possible transitions between pairs of EQ-5D-3L health states were compared...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812760/porous-crystalline-materials-closing-remarks
#4
Susumu Kitagawa
This paper is derived from my 'closing remarks' lecture at the 287th Faraday Discussions meeting on New Directions in Porous Crystalline Materials, Edinburgh, UK, 5-7 June, 2017. This meeting comprised sessions on the design of porous networks, and their capture, storage, separation, conducting properties, catalysts, resistance to chemicals and moisture, simulation, and electronic structures. This paper details the achievements and developments in the field, as reflected in invited speakers' papers and discussions with the attendees during the meeting...
August 16, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812649/decreased-male-reproductive-success-in-association-with-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#5
Mika H Martikainen, John P Grady, Yi Shiau Ng, Charlotte L Alston, Grainne S Gorman, Robert W Taylor, Robert McFarland, Doug M Turnbull
The reproductive success of men with mitochondrial disease is to date unreported. We compared the age- and era-adjusted reproductive success of 94 British male patients with mitochondrial disease to that of the UK general male population. The reproductive success of men with mitochondrial disease was 65% of that in the general population (95% confidence interval: 53%; 79%), and the effect magnitude was related to the disease severity. This contrasts with the two previous studies finding that the reproductive success of women with mitochondrial DNA disease is not impaired...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812541/systematic-review-of-interventions-for-treating-or-preventing-antipsychotic-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#6
Hanna Bergman, Dawn-Marie Walker, Adriani Nikolakopoulou, Karla Soares-Weiser, Clive E Adams
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic medication can cause tardive dyskinesia (TD) - late-onset, involuntary, repetitive movements, often involving the face and tongue. TD occurs in > 20% of adults taking antipsychotic medication (first-generation antipsychotics for > 3 months), with this proportion increasing by 5% per year among those who continue to use these drugs. The incidence of TD among those taking newer antipsychotics is not different from the rate in people who have used older-generation drugs in moderate doses...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812502/post-discharge-care-for-patients-following-stoma-formation-what-the-nurse-needs-to-know
#7
Jennie Burch
Rationale and key points This article discusses post-discharge care for patients following stoma formation. While the patient is taught the practicalities of managing the stoma appliance in hospital, this learning should be integrated into their daily life following discharge from hospital. Nurses are required to consider and address any issues that might affect the patient in the long term. These include changes in body image, adapting to having a stoma, preventing or treating complications associated with a stoma, and long-term follow-up...
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812498/towards-a-smoke-free-generation
#8
Lynne Pearce
Essential facts Just over 15% of adults in the UK smoke, the lowest level since records began. However, smoking remains the single biggest cause of preventable deaths.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812497/-follow-your-heart-not-the-crowd
#9
(no author information available yet)
Zena Aldridge qualified as a mental health nurse in 2003 at the University of East Anglia. In 2013, she was appointed as the first Admiral Lead Nurse for Norfolk, and is now Admiral Nurse for Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire, working for Dementia UK.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812490/advice-on-hep-b-vaccine-shortage
#10
(no author information available yet)
Guidance for health professionals has been issued after global shortages of the hepatitis B vaccine has severely affected UK supply.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812323/a-comparison-of-methods-for-estimating-the-temporal-change-in-a-continuous-variable-example-of-hba1c-in-patients-with-diabetes
#11
Therese Sheppard, Robyn Tamblyn, Michal Abrahamowicz, Mark Lunt, Matthew Sperrin, William G Dixon
PURPOSE: To compare the more complex technique, functional principal component analysis (FPCA), to simpler methods of estimating values of sparse and irregularly spaced continuous variables at given time points in longitudinal data using a diabetic patient cohort from UK primary care. METHODS: The setting for this study is the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD), a UK general practice research database. For 16,034 diabetic patients identified in CPRD, with at least 2 measures in a 30-month period, HbA1c was estimated after temporarily omitting (i) the final and (ii) middle known values using linear interpolation, simple linear regression, arithmetic mean, random effects, and FPCA...
August 15, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812118/-long-term-results-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-using-sigmoidoscopy-uk-flexible-sigmoidoscopy-screening-trial-ukfsst
#12
M Ebert, S Nitschmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811915/prevent-what-is-pre-criminal-space
#13
David Goldberg, Sushrut Jadhav, Tarek Younis
Prevent is a UK-wide programme within the government's anti-terrorism strategy aimed at stopping individuals from supporting or taking part in terrorist activities. NHS England's Prevent Training and Competencies Framework requires health professionals to understand the concept of pre-criminal space. This article examines pre-criminal space, a new term which refers to a period of time during which a person is referred to a specific Prevent-related safeguarding panel, Channel. It is unclear what the concept of pre-criminal space adds to the Prevent programme...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811913/burnout-and-psychiatric-morbidity-among-doctors-in-the-uk-a-systematic-literature-review-of-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#14
REVIEW
Udemezue O Imo
Aims and method To systematically review the prevalence and associated factors of burnout and stress-related psychiatric disorders among UK doctors. An extensive search was conducted of PubMed, EBSCOhost and British medical journals for studies published over a 20-year span measuring the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity (using the General Health Questionnaire) and burnout (using the Maslach Burnout Inventory). Results Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity ranged from 17 to 52%. Burnout scores for emotional exhaustion ranged from 31 to 54...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811912/flexible-assertive-community-treatment-fact-model-in-specialist-psychosis-teams-an-evaluation
#15
Loopinder Sood, Andy Owen, Richard Onyon, Aarohi Sharma, Jessica Nigriello, Dominic Markham, Hannah Seabrook
Aims and method The impact of flexible assertive community treatment (FACT) has been observed in people previously supported by assertive community treatment (ACT) teams, but its effect on those previously with a community mental health team (CMHT) has not been studied in the UK. An observational study was conducted of 380 people from 3 CMHTs and 95 people from an ACT team, all with a history of psychosis, following service reconfiguration to 3 FACT teams. Results People previously with a CMHT required less time in hospital when the FACT model was introduced...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811910/falls-in-scottish-homicide-lessons-for-homicide-reduction-in-mental-health-patients
#16
EDITORIAL
John H M Crichton
The sustained fall in Scottish homicide rates follows crime reduction measures informed by the epidemiology of suicide. The violence reduction unit targeted young men carrying knives in public. The restriction of weapons immediately to hand appears to have caused an absolute fall in homicide just as suicide reduction was observed following changes to domestic gas supply. Further homicide reduction may be accomplished in the domestic setting with targeted changes in kitchen knife design in home safety planning for high-risk households...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811838/ethical-religion-in-primary-care
#17
Malcolm Torry
Religion is increasingly significant in UK society, and is highly significant for many patients and primary care practitioners. An important task for the practitioner is to ensure that the place of religion in the patient/practitioner relationship is treated with the same ethical seriousness as every other aspect of that relationship. The article finds the 'four principles of biomedical ethics' to be applicable, and recent GMC guidelines to be consistent with the four principles. The article applies the four principles to the particular case of practitioners wearing religious symbolism...
July 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811837/an-interview-with-samuel-shem-author-of-the-house-of-god
#18
Claire Brash
Dr Stephen Bergman, Professor of medical humanities at New York University, writes under the name Samuel Shem. He is an acclaimed author of several novels, plays and textbooks, and his work has been translated into several languages -'The House of God' his first novel has sold over 3 million copies. His work exposes the potential moral challenges of the medical workplace and the connection between values, good relationships and healing. In 2015 he visited the UK for medical humanities academic tour which included keynote talks at the RCGP 2015 Annual Conference and at the Royal Society of Medicine...
July 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811317/sleep-duration-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes
#19
Alicja R Rudnicka, Claire M Nightingale, Angela S Donin, Naveed Sattar, Derek G Cook, Peter H Whincup, Christopher G Owen
BACKGROUND: Associations between sleep duration and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk markers in childhood have been little studied. We examined associations between self-reported sleep duration and T2D risk markers in children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 4525 multiethnic UK children aged 9 to 10 years. Sleep time was calculated from self-reported usual time of going to bed and getting up on a school day, validated in a subset using accelerometers. Fasting blood samples provided levels of serum lipids and insulin, plasma glucose, and HbA1c...
August 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811307/an-interview-with-jenny-nichols
#20
Aidan Maartens
Jennifer Nichols is a Principal Investigator at the Cambridge Stem Cell Institute and Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience at the University of Cambridge, UK. Her lab works on lineage segregation and the establishment of pluripotency in the mammalian embryo. In 2017 she was awarded the British Society for Developmental Biology's Cheryll Tickle Medal, given to mid-career female scientists with outstanding achievements in developmental biology. We met Jenny in her Cambridge office to talk about pluripotency in vitro and in vivo, the importance of collaboration in her career path, and what playing a musical instrument has in common with research...
August 15, 2017: Development
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