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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732074/who-uses-running-apps-and-sports-watches-determinants-and-consumer-profiles-of-event-runners-usage-of-running-related-smartphone-applications-and-sports-watches
#1
Mark Janssen, Jeroen Scheerder, Erik Thibaut, Aarnout Brombacher, Steven Vos
Individual and unorganized sports with a health-related focus, such as recreational running, have grown extensively in the last decade. Consistent with this development, there has been an exponential increase in the availability and use of electronic monitoring devices such as smartphone applications (apps) and sports watches. These electronic devices could provide support and monitoring for unorganized runners, who have no access to professional trainers and coaches. The purpose of this paper is to gain insight into the characteristics of event runners who use running-related apps and sports watches...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731981/technology-in-strength-and-conditioning-assessing-bodyweight-squat-technique-with-wearable-sensors
#2
Martin A OʼReilly, Darragh F Whelan, Tomas E Ward, Eamonn Delahunt, Brian M Caulfield
O'Reilly, MA, Whelan, DF, Ward, TE, Delahunt, E, and Caulfield, BM. Technology in strength and conditioning: assessing bodyweight squat technique with wearable sensors. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2303-2312, 2017-Strength and conditioning (S&C) coaches offer expert guidance to help those they work with achieve their personal fitness goals. However, it is not always practical to operate under the direct supervision of an S&C coach and consequently individuals are often left training without expert oversight. Recent developments in inertial measurement units (IMUs) and mobile computing platforms have allowed for the possibility of unobtrusive motion tracking systems and the provision of real-time individualized feedback regarding exercise performance...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731519/citizen-s-charter-in-a-primary-health-care-setting-of-nepal-an-accountability-tool-or-a-mere-wall-poster
#3
Gagan Gurung, Robin Gauld, Philip C Hill, Sarah Derrett
BACKGROUND: Despite some empirical findings on the usefulness of citizen's charters on awareness of rights and services, there is a dearth of literature about charter implementation and impact on health service delivery in low-income settings. OBJECTIVE: To gauge the level of awareness of the Charter within Nepal's primary health-care (PHC) system, perceived impact and factors affecting Charter implementation. METHOD: Using a case study design, a quantitative survey was administered to 400 participants from 22 of 39 PHC facilities in the Dang District to gauge awareness of the Charter...
July 21, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731379/quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-end-of-life-care-and-quality-of-dying-for-patients-with-advanced-dementia-in-long-term-care-institutions
#4
René Verreault, Marcel Arcand, Lucie Misson, Pierre J Durand, Edeltraut Kroger, Michèle Aubin, Maryse Savoie, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Sharon Kaasalainen, Annick Bédard, Annie Grégoire, Pierre-Hughes Carmichael
BACKGROUND: Improvement in the quality of end-of-life care for advanced dementia is increasingly recognized as a priority in palliative care. AIM: To evaluate the impact of a multidimensional intervention to improve quality of care and quality of dying in advanced dementia in long-term care facilities. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study with the intervention taking place in two long-term care facilities versus usual care in two others over a 1-year period...
July 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729780/best-practices-for-robotic-surgery-programs
#5
Stephanie J Estes, David Goldenberg, Joshua S Winder, Ryan M Juza, Jerome R Lyn-Sue
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Robotic surgical programs are increasing in number. Efficient methods by which to monitor and evaluate robotic surgery teams are needed. METHODS: Best practices for an academic university medical center were created and instituted in 2009 and continue to the present. These practices have led to programmatic development that has resulted in a process that effectively monitors leadership team members; attending, resident, fellow, and staff training; credentialing; safety metrics; efficiency; and case volume recommendations...
April 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729234/mobile-phone-supported-physiotherapy-for-frozen-shoulder-feasibility-assessment-based-on-a-usability-study
#6
Thomas Stütz, Gerlinde Emsenhuber, Daniela Huber, Michael Domhardt, Martin Tiefengrabner, Gertie Janneke Oostingh, Ulrike Fötschl, Nicholas Matis, Simon Ginzinger
BACKGROUND: Patients with frozen shoulder show limited shoulder mobility often accompanied by pain. Common treatment methods include physiotherapy, pain medication, administration of corticosteroids, and surgical capsulotomy. Frozen shoulder often lasts from months to years and mostly affects persons in the age group of 40 to 70 years. It severely reduces the quality of life and the ability to work. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a mobile health (mHealth) intervention that supports patients affected by "stage two" frozen shoulder...
July 20, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729138/spatial-working-memory-in-the-touchscreen-operant-platform-is-disrupted-in-female-rats-by-ovariectomy-but-not-estrous-cycle
#7
Alyssa M Sbisa, Andrea Gogos, Maarten van den Buuse
Learning and memory deficits have been described in rats and mice after ovariectomy (OVX) and across the estrous cycle. Preclinical researchers therefore often avoid using female animals and, consequently, a large male bias exists in the preclinical cognitive literature. In the present study we examined the role of sex hormones in the touchscreen operant platform using the spatial working memory trial unique nonmatching-to-location (TUNL) task. Twenty-nine Long Evans rats were trained to acquire the TUNL task including three incremental spatial separations (S0, S1, S2)...
July 17, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728586/a-never-before-opportunity-to-strengthen-investment-and-action-on-adolescent-contraception-and-what-we-must-do-to-make-full-use-of-it
#8
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Pooja S Parameshwar, Matti Parry, Catherine Lane, Gwyn Hainsworth, Sylvia Wong, Lindsay Menard-Freeman, Beth Scott, Emily Sullivan, Miles Kemplay, Lale Say
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, the health and rights of adolescents are being recognized and prioritized on the global agenda. This presents us with a "never-before" opportunity to address adolescent contraception. This is timely, as there are enormous numbers of adolescents who are currently unable to obtain and use contraceptives. From research evidence and programmatic experience, it is clear that we need to do things differently to meet their needs/fulfil their rights. MAIN BODY: In this commentary, we call for action in several key areas to address adolescents' persistent inability to obtain and use contraceptives...
July 20, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728559/effect-of-insulin-therapy-and-dietary-adjustments-on-safety-and-performance-during-simulated-soccer-tests-in-people-with-type-1-diabetes-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Javier Calvo-Marín, Gabriel Torrealba-Acosta, Matthew Campbell, Jesse Gaboury, Ajmol Ali, Chih Hao Chen-Ku
BACKGROUND: Despite the reduction in glycemic derangement in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) through dietary and therapeutic adjustments implemented before, during and after continuous exercise, evidence for its effectiveness with intermittent forms of exercise, such as soccer, is still lacking. METHODS/DESIGN: We designed a study protocol for a randomized, crossover, double-blinded, controlled trial, for the evaluation of the effect that a strategy of dietary and therapeutic modifications may have on safety and performance of persons with T1D in soccer training sessions and cognitive testing...
July 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726899/enhanced-interfacial-activity-of-multi-arm-poly-ethylene-oxide-star-polymers-relative-to-linear-poly-ethylene-oxide-at-fluid-interfaces
#10
Yun-Ru Huang, Melissa Lamson, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Robert D Tilton
Interfacial tension reduction, dynamic dilatational elasticity and extent of adsorption were investigated for linear poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) chains of varying molecular weight and for PEO star polymers with an average of 64 arms per star at air/water, xylene/water, and cyclohexane/water interfaces. Adsorption on planar interfaces was monitored by ellipsometry, while interfacial tension and dilatational elasticity were measured separately by pendant drop tensiometry. Previously reported to be efficient emulsifiers, PEO stars are shown here to also be more effective foaming agents than linear PEO...
July 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726752/health-impacts-of-climate-change-induced-subzero-temperature-fires
#11
Maria-Monika Metallinou, Torgrim Log
General fire risk and the special risk related to cold climate cellulosic drying processes are outlined. Four recent subzero temperatures fires are studied with respect to health impacts: a wooden village fire, a single wood structure fire, a wildland urban interface (WUI) fire and a huge wildland fire. The health impacts range from stress related to loss of jobs, psychological effects of lost possessions, exposure to smoke and heat as well as immediate, or delayed, loss of lives. These four fires resulted in 32 fatalities, 385 persons hospitalized for shorter or longer periods, 104 structures lost and 1015 km² of wildland burned north of, and just south of, the Arctic Circle...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725854/improving-the-patient-experience-by-implementing-an-icu-diary-for-those-at-risk-of-post-intensive-care-syndrome
#12
K Taylor A Blair, Sarah D Eccleston, Hannah M Binder, Mary S McCarthy
The critical care literature in the US has recently brought attention to the impact an ICU experience can have long after the patient survives critical illness, particularly if delirium was present. Current recommendations to mitigate post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) are embedded in patient and family-centered care and aim to promote family presence in the ICU, provide support for decision-making, and enhance communication with the health-care team. Evidence-based interventions are few in number but include use of an ICU diary to minimize the psychological and emotional sequelae affecting patients and family members in the months following the ICU stay...
March 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725643/crisis-team-management-in-a-scarce-resource-setting-angkor-hospital-for-children-in-siem-reap-cambodia
#13
Richard Alynn Henker, Hiroko Henker, Hor Eng, John O'Donnell, Tachawan Jirativanont
INTRODUCTION: A crisis team management (CTM) simulation course was developed by volunteers from Health Volunteers Overseas for physicians and nurses at Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC) in Siem Reap, Cambodia. The framework for the course was adapted from crisis resource management (1, 2), crisis team training (3), and TeamSTEPPs© models (4). The CTM course focused on teaching physicians and nurses on the development of team performance knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Challenges to providing this course at AHC included availability of simulation equipment, cultural differences in learning, and language barriers...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724381/the-human-resources-for-health-effort-index-a-tool-to-assess-and-inform-strategic-health-workforce-investments
#14
Alfredo L Fort, Rachel Deussom, Randi Burlew, Kate Gilroy, David Nelson
BACKGROUND: Despite its importance, the field of human resources for health (HRH) has lagged in developing methods to measure its status and progress in low- and middle-income countries suffering a workforce crisis. Measures of professional health worker densities and distribution are purely numerical, unreliable, and do not represent the full spectrum of workers providing health services. To provide more information on the multi-dimensional characteristics of human resources for health, in 2013-2014, the global USAID-funded CapacityPlus project, led by IntraHealth International, developed and tested a 79-item HRH Effort Index modeled after the widely used Family Planning Effort Index...
July 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724346/biosensing-technologies-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring
#15
Anna Meneghello, Stefano Tartaggia, Maria Domenica Alvau, Federico Polo, Giuseppe Toffoli
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is the clinical practice of measuring pharmaceutical drug concentrations in patients' biofluids at designated intervals to allow a close and timely control of their dosage. This practice allows for rapid medical intervention in case of toxicity-related issues and/or adjustment of dosage to better fit the therapeutic demand. Currently, TDM is performed in centralized laboratories employing instruments, such as immunoassay analyzers and mass spectrometers that can be run only by trained personnel...
July 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723816/importance-of-physical-qualities-for-speed-and-change-of-direction-ability-in-elite-female-soccer-players
#16
Stacey Emmonds, G Nicholson, C Beggs, B Jones, A Bissas
The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of physical qualities for speed and change of direction (CoD) ability in female soccer players. Data were collected on 10 female soccer players who were part of a professional English Women's Super League team. Player assessments included anthropometric (stature and body mass), body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), speed (10m, 30m sprint), CoD ability (505 agility), aerobic (Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test), lower-body strength (bilateral knee extensions) and power (countermovement jump [CMJ], squat jump [SJ], 30cm drop jump [DJ]) measures...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722468/evaluating-the-recovery-curve-for-clinically-assessed-reaction-time-after-concussion
#17
Gianluca Del Rossi
CONTEXT:   A change in reaction time is one of various clinical measures of neurocognitive function that can be monitored after concussion and has been reported to be among the most sensitive indicators of cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the timeline for clinically assessed simple reaction time to return to baseline after a concussion in high school athletes. DESIGN:   Observational study. SETTING:   Athletic training room...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721177/antiretroviral-therapy-outcomes-among-hiv-infected-clients-in-gweru-city-zimbabwe-2006-2011-a-cohort-analysis
#18
Gerald Shambira, Notion Tafara Gombe, Casey Daniel Hall, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Joseph Asamoah Frimpong
The government of Zimbabwe began providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in public institutions in 2004. In Midlands province two clinics constituted the most active HIV care service points, with patients being followed up through a comprehensive patient monitoring and tracking system which captured specific patient variables and outcomes over time. The data from 2006 to 2011 were subjected to analysis to answer specific research questions and this case study is based on that analysis...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721085/ambulatory-and-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-gaps-between-clinical-guidelines-and-clinical-practice-in-singapore
#19
Sajita Setia, Kannan Subramaniam, Boon Wee Teo, Jam Chin Tay
PURPOSE: Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurements (home blood pressure monitoring [HBPM] and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring [ABPM]) provide important additional information for effective hypertension detection and management decisions. Therefore, out-of-office BP measurement is now recommended by several international guidelines. This study evaluated the practice and uptake of HBPM and ABPM among physicians from Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of physicians from Singapore was surveyed between 8 September and 5 October 2016...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720183/g-loc-warning-algorithms-based-on-emg-features-of-the-gastrocnemius-muscle
#20
Sungho Kim, Taehwan Cho, Yongkyun Lee, Hyojin Koo, Booyong Choi, Dongsoo Kim
BACKGROUND: G-induced loss of consciousness (G-LOC) is mainly caused by failure to sustain an oxygenated blood supply to the pilot's brain because of the sudden acceleration in the direction of the +Gz axis, and is considered a critical safety issue. The purpose of this study was to develop G-LOC warning algorithms based on monitoring electromyograms (EMG) of the gastrocnemius muscle on the calf. METHODS: EMG data was retrieved from a total of 67 pilots and pilot trainees of the Korean Air Force during high-G training on a human centrifugal simulator...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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