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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144831/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-unique-considerations-in-athletes
#1
Chaney G Stewman, Catherine Liebman, Laura Fink, Brad Sandella
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric condition in the general population, with evidence suggesting that it may be more common among athletes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature searches were performed on PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases for the years 2000 to 2016 utilizing the following key search terms: ADHD, ADD, guidelines, diagnosis, athlete, sports, treatment, pharmacotherapy, stimulants, risk, cardiovascular effects, concussion, and traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144026/heart-rate-variability-and-implication-for-sport-concussion
#2
REVIEW
Scott A Bishop, Ryan T Dech, Przemyslaw Guzik, J Patrick Neary
Finding sensitive and specific markers for sports-related concussion is both challenging and clinically important. Such biomarkers might be helpful in the management of patients with concussion (i.e. diagnosis, monitoring and risk prediction). Among many parameters, blood flow-pressure metrics and heart rate variability (HRV) have been used to gauge concussion outcomes. Reports on the relation between HRV and both acute and prolonged concussion recovery are conflicting. While some authors report on differences in the low-frequency (LF) component of HRV during postural manipulations and postexercise conditions, others observe no significant differences in various HRV measures...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140186/acute-effect-of-two-self-myofascial-release-protocols-on-hip-and-ankle-range-of-motion
#3
Amandda de Souza, Cristiano Gomes Sanchotene, Cristiano Moreira da Silva Lopes, Jader Alfredo Beck, Affonso Celso Kulevicz da Silva, Suzana Matheus Pereira, Caroline Ruschel
CONTEXT: Self-myofascial release (SMR) is an intervention popularly used by rehabilitation, fitness, and sports professionals to improve recovery and performance. In SMR, the athlete/patient himself applies pressure to the muscle and fascia, using various tools such as balls, rods, foam rolls and massagers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the acute effect of two SMR protocols (short- and long-term) of the posterior thigh and calf muscles on hip and ankle range of motion (ROM) in physically active men...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140134/a-nutrition-recovery-station-following-recreational-exercise-improves-fruit-consumption-but-does-not-influence-fluid-recovery
#4
Ben Desbrow, Katelyn Barnes, Caroline Young, Gregory R Cox, Chris Irwin
Immediate post-exercise access to fruit/fluid via a recovery "station" is a common feature of mass participation sporting events. Yet little evidence exists examining their impact on subsequent dietary intake. The aim of this study was to determine if access to fruit/water/sports drinks within a recovery station significantly alters dietary and fluid intakes in the immediate post-exercise period and influences hydration status the next morning. 127 (79 males) healthy participants (mean±SD, age=22.5±3.5y, body mass (BM)=73±13kg) completed two self-paced morning 10km runs separated by 1 week...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140128/lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-after-concussion-recovery-in-high-school-athletes
#5
Robert C Lynall, Timothy C Mauntel, Ryan T Pohlig, Zachary Y Kerr, Thomas P Dompier, Eric E Hall, Thomas A Buckley
CONTEXT:   Although an association between concussion and musculoskeletal injury has been described in collegiate and professional athletes, no researchers have investigated an association in younger athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To determine if concussion in high school athletes increased the risk for lower extremity musculoskeletal injury after return to activity. DESIGN:   Observational cohort study. SETTING:   One hundred ninety-six high schools across 26 states...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135785/comparison-of-polar-m600-optical-heart-rate-and-ecg-heart-rate-during-exercise
#6
John F Horton, Pro Stergiou, Tak S Fung, Larry Katz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the Polar M600 optical heart rate (OHR) sensor compared with ECG heart rate (HR) measurement during various physical activities. METHODS: Thirty-six subjects participated in a continuous 76-min testing session, which included rest, cycling warm-up, cycling intervals, circuit weight training, treadmill intervals, and recovery. HR was measured using a three-lead ECG configuration and a Polar M600 Sport Watch on the left wrist...
December 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134051/does-context-practice-or-competition-affect-female-athletes-achievement-goal-dominance-goal-pursuit-burnout-and-motivation
#7
Javier Fernández-Rio, Jose A Cecchini, Antonio Méndez-Giménez
The goal of this study was to assess the effects of two different achievement sport contexts, practice and competition, on the motivational profile of professional/semi-professional athletes. Forty-eight Spanish national/international-level female athletes (basketball = 18; handball = 12; soccer = 11; volleyball = 7), mean age 25.14 ± 3.43 years, agreed to participate in the study. They completed a questionnaire, prior and after training and competition, to assess achievement goals, achievement goal dominance, goal pursuit, motivational climate, motivation, burnout and perceived recovery-exertion...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131239/effectiveness-of-a-novel-boswellic-acids-delivery-form-casperome%C3%A2-in-the-management-of-grade-ii-ankle-sprains-due-to-sport-trauma-a-registry-study
#8
B Feragalli, E Ippolito, M Dugall, M Cacchio, G Belcaro, M R Cesarone, M Abdel-Tawab, A Riva, S Togni, R Eggenhoffner, L Giacomelli
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated a novel delivery form of boswellic acids (Casperome®) in the management of signs and symptoms associated with ankle sprain grade II due to sport trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this supplement registry study, 72 otherwise healthy subjects with grade II ankle sprain induced by sport activities were advised to either follow a standard management (SM, 37 subjects) for the condition or the SM with the additional daily intake of 1 tablet containing 250 mg Casperome® (35 subjects)...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129021/the-effect-of-natural-or-simulated-altitude-training-on-high-intensity-intermittent-running-performance-in-team-sport-athletes-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Michael J Hamlin, Catherine A Lizamore, Will G Hopkins
BACKGROUND: While adaptation to hypoxia at natural or simulated altitude has long been used with endurance athletes, it has only recently gained popularity for team-sport athletes. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of hypoxic interventions on high-intensity intermittent running performance in team-sport athletes. METHODS: A systematic literature search of five journal databases was performed. Percent change in performance (distance covered) in the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (level 1 and level 2 were used without differentiation) in hypoxic (natural or simulated altitude) and control (sea level or normoxic placebo) groups was meta-analyzed with a mixed model...
November 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128103/the-benefits-of-a-low-dose-complex-carbohydrate-citrulline-electrolyte-solution-for-preoperative-carbohydrate-loading-focus-on-glycemic-variability
#10
Barrett A Kielhorn, Anthony J Senagore, Theodor Asgeirsson
BACKGROUND: Perioperative insulin resistance is associated with significant hyperglycemia-related morbidity in patients undergoing major surgery. We sought to assess the effect of preoperative loading with a low-dose maltodextrin/citrulline solution compared to a commercially available sports drink on glycemic levels in an established colorectal enhanced recovery program. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was undertaken of elective non-diabetic colectomies and enterectomies from January 2016-March 2017...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116955/patient-injury-assessment-and-treatment-characteristics-and-return-to-play-timelines-after-sport-related-concussion-an-investigation-from-the-athletic-training-practice-based-research-network
#11
Tamara C Valovich McLeod, Nicholas Kostishak, Barton E Anderson, Cailee E Welch Bacon, Kenneth C Lam
OBJECTIVE: To describe the patient, injury, assessment and treatment characteristics, as well as return-to-play timelines and clinical findings at discharge for adolescent patients after sport-related concussion. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of electronic medical records. SETTING: Athletic training facilities of secondary school members of the Athletic Training Practice-Based Research Network (AT-PBRN). PATIENTS: In total, 1886 patient records were reviewed...
October 25, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113569/physical-therapy-rehabilitation-of-an-adolescent-pre-professional-dancer-following-os-trigonum-excision-a-case-report
#12
Alyson Filipa, Kelli Barton
Study Design Case report. Background An os trigonum can be a source of pain for dancers due to impingement during repetitive ankle plantarflexion movements. Following excision of an os trigonum, it is important to have a gradual, progressive return-to-dance program for optimal recovery. The purpose of this case report is to describe the post-operative management and return-to-dance progression of an adolescent dancer status post os trigonum excision. Case Description An adolescent pre-professional female dancer had an extensive history of left posterior heel pain beginning at age eight that led to surgical removal of an os trigonum at age fifteen...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110555/oxidative-stress-or-redox-signalling-new-insights-into-the-effects-of-a-proprietary-multifunctional-botanical-dietary-supplement
#13
Boris V Nemzer, Christoph Centner, Denise Zdzieblik, Bruno Fink, John M Hunter, Daniel König
Recent interest has focused on maintenance of healthy levels of redox signalling and the related oxidants; these parameters are crucial for providing us with concrete nutritional targets that may help us to better understand and maintain "optimal health". Following the above hypothesis, we performed a pilot double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled, single dose study to measure the dose-dependent effects of a proprietary plant-based dietary supplement labelled here as S7 (SPECTRA7), related to how it affected the cellular metabolic index (CMI) in healthy human participants (n = 8)...
November 7, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106819/catfish-biology-and-farming
#14
Rex A Dunham, Ahmed Elaswad
This article summarizes the biology and culture of ictalurid catfish, an important commercial, aquaculture, and sport fish family in the United States. The history of the propagation as well as spawning of common catfish species in this family is reviewed, with special emphasis on channel catfish and its hybridization with blue catfish. The importance of the channel catfish female × blue catfish male hybrid, including current and future methods of hybrid catfish production, and the potential role it plays in the recovery of the US catfish industry are discussed...
November 6, 2017: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099295/femoral-nerve-transfers-for-restoring-tibial-nerve-function-an-anatomical-study-and-clinical-correlation-a-report-of-2-cases
#15
Amy M Moore, Emily M Krauss, Rajiv P Parikh, Michael J Franco, Thomas H Tung
Sciatic nerve injuries cause debilitating functional impairment, particularly when the injury mechanism and level preclude reconstruction with primary grafting. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the anatomical feasibility of nerve transfers from the distal femoral nerve terminal branches to the tibial nerve and to detail the successful restoration of tibial function using the described nerve transfers. Six cadaveric legs were dissected for anatomical analysis and the development of tension-free nerve transfers from femoral nerve branches to the tibial nerve...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089003/knee-ligament-sprains-and-tears-clinical-practice-guidelines-ensuring-best-care
#16
(no author information available yet)
Knee injuries can sideline anyone. Physical therapists are leading the way to ensure that people with knee ligament injuries, including competitive and recreational athletes, receive the best care to optimize their recovery. JOSPT and the Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association first published clinical practice guidelines about knee ligament sprains in 2010. Now, revised guidelines in JOSPT's November 2017 issue provide updated recommendations based on best practices for evaluating, diagnosing, and treating knee ligament injuries...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084095/a-multiple-repeated-sprint-ability-test-for-badminton-players-involving-four-changes-of-direction-validity-and-reliability-part-1
#17
Michael Phomsoupha, Quentin Berger, Guillaume Laffaye
The purpose of the present study was: i) to develop a new sport-specific, repeated sprint ability test involving four changes of direction, namely, the multiple repeated sprint ability (MRSAB) test for badminton players; ii) to determine its validity by comparing the results of five different skill levels; and iii) to assess the link between the new test and neuromuscular lower limb and physiological variables. For this purpose, 42 participants were separated into five groups in order to perform the MRSAB test at the same time of day, on two occasions, separated by at least 48 hours...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084034/risk-factors-for-prolonged-symptoms-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-pediatric-sports-concussion-clinic-cohort
#18
Shayne D Fehr, Lindsay D Nelson, Kyle R Scharer, Elizabeth A Traudt, Joshua M Veenstra, Sergey S Tarima, Xue-Cheng Liu, Kevin D Walter
OBJECTIVE: To examine predictors of prolonged symptom duration from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in a pediatric sports medicine specialty clinic cohort as these predictors may be distinct in this population. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Outpatient specialty clinic. PATIENTS: Charts of 549 patients (age range: 10-18 years) with concussions were reviewed in an outpatient clinic that predominantly managed sports-related injuries (77...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083360/management-and-treatment-of-femoral-neck-stress-fractures-in-recreational-runners-a-report-of-four-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Carlo Biz, Antonio Berizzi, Alberto Crimì, Chiara Marcato, Giulia Trovarelli, Pietro Ruggieri
Femoral neck stress fractures (FNSFs) in healthy young subjects are uncommon and most prevalent among long-distance runners and military recruits. Women seem to be at higher risk of developing stress fractures because of possible eating disorders followed by amenorrhea and osteoporosis. This case report describes four young and middle-aged, active female recreational runners who developed stress fractures of the femoral neck. In three of them, with a clinical history of persistent pain in the groin region, which worsened during training, early diagnosis by MRI was considered essential in detecting the fractures...
October 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083355/neuromuscular-recovery-in-acl-reconstruction-with-bone-tendon-patellar-bone-and-semitendinosus-gracilis-autograft
#20
Andrea Pasquini, Marco Jacopetti, Francesco Pogliacomi, Ileana Ramazzina, Cosimo Costantino
OBJECTIVE: Several different types of grafts have been used in ACL rupture. The purpose of the study was to compare the recovery of lower limbs muscle strength and proprioception in athletes, who underwent ACL reconstruction with Bone-Patellar-Tendon-Bone (BPTB) versus semitendinosus and gracilis (HS) autografts. METHODS: We enrolled 30 male amateur athletes. Each patient was evaluated by isokinetic test, triaxial accelerometer test and balance test with stabilometric platform...
October 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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