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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330176/therapists-experiences-with-a-new-treatment-combining-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-the-ped-t-for-eating-disorders-an-interview-study-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-at-the-norwegian-school-of-sport-sciences
#1
Maria Bakland, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Rolf Wynn, Jan H Rosenvinge, Annett Victoria Stornæs, Gunn Pettersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to explore how therapists running a guided physical exercise and dietary therapy programme (PED-t) experience their contribution to the treatment of patients with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. METHODS: Ten therapists running the PED-t were semistructurally interviewed and the transcribed interviews were analysed using a systematic text condensation approach. SETTING: The study was run within the context of a randomised controlled trial at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325894/reference-values-for-the-creatine-kinase-response-to-professional-australian-football-match-play
#2
Luke A G Inman, Michael J Rennie, Mark L Watsford, Nathan J Gibbs, James Green, Robert W Spurrs
OBJECTIVES: Due to the importance of monitoring markers of muscle damage in high-level sport from a medical and athlete recovery perspective, this study aimed to determine the upper limits of normal (ULN) for post-match plasma creatine kinase (CK) in professional Australian footballers. Raw CK values were considered, along with intra-individual deviations from the season-mean. DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: CK was collected between 36-48h following professional Australian football match-play...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313427/melatonin-therapy-for-blunt-trauma-and-strenuous-exercise-a-mechanism-involving-cytokines-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-akt-mafbx-and-murf-1
#3
Gerald J Maarman, Russel J Reiter
Muscle injury occurs due to trauma, strenuous exercise or sports activities; most people affected are athletes. Ineffectively treated muscle injury can negatively affect sports careers and quality of life after retirement from sports. Reports have indicated that the current therapeutic management of muscle injury, particularly anti-inflammatory drugs, are not necessarily effective. Therefore, better therapies are required. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated melatonin's potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions against muscle pathology in sarcopenia or atrophy in systemic disease...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300224/achilles-tendinopathy
#4
Umile Giuseppe Longo, Mario Ronga, Nicola Maffulli
Achilles tendinopathy is a common cause of disability. Despite the economic and social relevance of the problem, the causes and mechanisms of Achilles tendinopathy remain unclear. Tendon vascularity, gastrocnemius-soleus dysfunction, age, sex, body weight and height, pes cavus, and lateral ankle instability are considered common intrinsic factors. The essence of Achilles tendinopathy is a failed healing response, with haphazard proliferation of tenocytes, some evidence of degeneration in tendon cells and disruption of collagen fibers, and subsequent increase in noncollagenous matrix...
March 2018: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282165/in-vitro-effects-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-on-streptococcus-mutans-biofilm-formation-and-metabolic-activity
#5
LaQuia A Vinson, Amy K Goodlett, Ruijie Huang, George J Eckert, Richard L Gregory
PURPOSE: Sports and energy drinks are being increasingly consumed and contain large amounts of sugars, which are known to increase Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation and metabolic activity. The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effects of sports and energy drinks on S. mutans biofilm formation and metabolic activity. METHODS: S. mutans UA159 was cultured with and without a dilution (1:3 ratio) of a variety of sports and energy drinks in bacterial media for 24 hours...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276716/lived-experiences-of-adolescent-athletes-following-sport-related-concussion
#6
Tamara C Valovich McLeod, Alyssa J Wagner, Cailee E Welch Bacon
Background: Previous studies have identified the effect of sport-related concussion on health-related quality of life through the use of patient-reported outcome measures. However, there has been little research exploring the underlying mechanisms that influence these perceptions of health-related quality of life among adolescent athletes who have sustained a sport-related concussion. Purpose: To explore the psychosocial aspects of concussion among adolescent athletes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276206/utility-of-stir-mri-in-detecting-the-pain-generator-in-asymmetric-bilateral-pars-fracture-a-report-of-5-cases
#7
Kazuta Yamashita, Toshinori Sakai, Yoichiro Takata, Fumio Hayashi, Fumitake Tezuka, Masatoshi Morimoto, Yutaka Kinoshita, Akihiro Nagamachi, Takashi Chikawa, Hiroshi Yonezu, Kosaku Higashino, Tadanori Sakamaki, Koichi Sairyo
Lumbar spondylolysis usually occurs as a stress fracture in the pars interarticularis of the vertebra. It is a prevalent sports-related disorder and a common cause of low back pain. We encountered five athletes (4 males, 1 female) with severe low back pain. Mean age was 14.5 years. All five patients were found to have bilateral pars fracture. In all cases, staging based on the findings from computed tomography scan of the right and left pars fracture was different. On short tau inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging (STIR-MRI) of the comparatively newer more recently injured side, high signal intensity changes were obvious and dominant at the intra- and extraosseous area, which would indicate tissue edema and/or bleeding...
December 25, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273251/outcomes-and-complications-following-endoscopically-assisted-percutaneous-achilles-tendon-repair
#8
Chamnanni Rungprai, Phinit Phisitkul
PURPOSE: To review functional and clinical outcomes as well as complications in patients who underwent endoscopically assisted percutaneous Achilles tendon repair using 4-strand core suture configuration via a 6-portal technique. METHODS: A retrospective chart review with prospectively collected data was performed in 23 consecutive patients who underwent endoscopically assisted percutaneous Achilles tendon repair between 2008 and 2015. The minimum follow-up to be included in the study was 24 months...
December 19, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259061/how-do-women-with-eating-disorders-experience-a-new-treatment-combining-guided-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-an-interview-study-of-women-participating-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-at-the-norwegian-school-of-sport-sciences
#9
Gunn Pettersen, Solveig Sørdal, Jan H Rosenvinge, Tone Skomakerstuen, Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how women with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) experience participating in a new treatment programme for eating disorders, based on guided physical exercise and dietary therapy. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Six women with BN and four with BED were semistructurally interviewed. Transcribed interviews were analysed using a text-condensing analytic approach. RESULTS: The analysis resulted in four main categories: (1) 'a renewed attitude towards physical activity', (2) 'a new perception of food', (3) 'mixed feelings of being in a heterogeneous treatment group' and (4) 'insight in one's own recovery process', each with 2-4 subcategories to express nuances...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250458/comparison-of-psychological-response-between-concussion-and-musculoskeletal-injury-in-collegiate-athletes
#10
Samantha Turner, Jody Langdon, George Shaver, Victoria Graham, Kelly Naugle, Thomas Buckley
The psychological response to musculoskeletal injuries has been well documented, however, research on the psychological response to concussion is limited. The Profile of Mood States (POMS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) have recently been used to assess the psychological recovery of concussions. Although some studies indicate that psychological response is different for musculoskeletal injuries and concussion, there is currently not enough information to indicate this difference occurs at specific clinical milestones...
2017: Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249084/return-to-sport-in-athletes-with-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-a-qualitative-systematic-review-regarding-definitions-and-criteria
#11
REVIEW
Bas Habets, Anke G van den Broek, Bionka M A Huisstede, Frank J G Backx, Robert E H van Cingel
BACKGROUND: Midportion Achilles tendinopathy (AT) can cause long-term absence from sports participation, and shows high recurrence rates. It is important that the decision to return to sport (RTS) is made carefully, based on sharply delimited criteria. Lack of a well-defined definition and criteria hampers the decision to RTS among athletes with AT, and impedes comparison of RTS rates between different studies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature for definitions of, and criteria for, RTS in AT research...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244693/bilateral-simultaneous-femoral-neck-stress-fracture-despite-clinical-recovery-from-anorexia-nervosa-a-case-report
#12
Jacques Hernigou, Simon Koulischer, Renaud Maes
CASE: A 38-year-old woman who had returned to sports activity (running) after having clinically recovered from anorexia nervosa presented with a bilateral femoral neck stress fracture that was treated with bilateral hip osteosynthesis. CONCLUSION: Although exercise is usually considered to be beneficial for health, heavy exercise (such as running) after recovery from anorexia nervosa may be associated with an increased risk of fracture.
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244674/thrower-s-fracture-of-the-humerus-an-investigation-of-risk-factors-following-an-unlikely-scenario-a-case-report
#13
Kyle D Morgenstern, Gonzalo Barinaga, Paul J Cagle
CASE: A 26-year-old amateur baseball player without prodromal arm pain sustained a thrower's fracture of the humerus on a warm-up throw performed with submaximal effort. The fracture occurred during the first throwing session following a 6-week layoff. The patient was treated nonoperatively and made a full recovery, but he elected to not return to throwing sports. CONCLUSION: Because of the lack of risk factors in this case, we suggest that time off or irregularity in throwing may play a greater role in a thrower's fracture than previously established...
April 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239986/practical-model-of-low-volume-paddling-based-sprint-interval-training-improves-aerobic-and-anaerobic-performances-in-professional-female-canoe-polo-athletes
#14
Mohsen Sheykhlouvand, Erfan Khalili, Mohammadali Gharaat, Hamid Arazi, Mousa Khalafi, Bahman Tarverdizadeh
Brief, intense exercise training employing running and cycling as exercise interventions may induce aerobic and anaerobic adaptations in athletes from wide range of sports. However, this has not been studied extensively for those sports in which the upper-body is predominantly involved. Our purpose was to examine the effects of kayak paddling-based sprint interval training (SIT) on cardiorespiratory fitness and anaerobic performance. 16 professional female canoe polo athletes (age = 27.6 ± 1.9 years; height = 165...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239985/training-load-physical-performance-biochemical-markers-and-psychological-stress-during-a-short-preparatory-period-in-brazilian-elite-male-volleyball-players
#15
Thiago A G Horta, Maurício G Bara Filho, Danilo R Coimbra, R Miranda, Francisco Z Werneck
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between training load (TL) and physical performance, biochemical markers, and psychological stress during a short preparatory period (PP) in Brazilian elite male volleyball players. Twelve volleyball players from a team competing in the Brazilian Men's Volleyball Super League were enrolled (26.9 ± 4.6 years). Countermovement Jump (CMJ), Creatine Kinase (CK), Testosterone (T), Cortisol (Cr), T/Cr ratio, and Recovery and Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-Sport) were collected at baseline, after 2, 4, and 6 week...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227374/collateral-ligament-knee-injuries-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes
#16
Dennis E Kramer, Patricia E Miller, Iman K Berrahou, Yi-Meng Yen, Benton E Heyworth
BACKGROUND: The majority of research on medial (MCL) and lateral (LCL) collateral ligament injuries has focused on adults and combined collateral/cruciate injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine characteristics associated with isolated collateral ligament injuries in adolescents, and assess timing for return to sports. METHODS: Electronic medical records were queried to identify patients aged below 17 years who sustained a magnetic resonance imaging-confirmed isolated MCL or LCL injury over an 8-year period...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222606/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-hpa-axis-functioning-in-overtraining-syndrome-findings-from-endocrine-and-metabolic-responses-on-overtraining-syndrome-eros-eros-hpa-axis
#17
Flavio A Cadegiani, Claudio E Kater
BACKGROUND: Overtraining syndrome (OTS) results from excessive training load without adequate recovery and leads to decreased performance and fatigue. The pathophysiology of OTS in athletes is not fully understood, which makes accurate diagnosis difficult. Previous studies indicate that alterations in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis may be responsible for OTS; however, the data is not conclusive. This study aimed to compare, through gold standard and exercise-independent tests, the response of the HPA axis in OTS-affected athletes (OTS group) to healthy physically active subjects (ATL group) and healthy non-active subjects (NCS group)...
December 8, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212492/using-patient-data-to-optimize-an-expert-based-guideline-on-convalescence-recommendations-after-gynecological-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Esther V A Bouwsma, Johannes R Anema, A Vonk Noordegraaf, Henrica C W de Vet, Judith A F Huirne
BACKGROUND: Convalescence advice is often based on tradition and anecdote from health care providers, rather than being based on experiences from patients themselves. The aim of this study was to analyse recovery in terms of resumption of various daily activities including work, following different laparoscopic and abdominal surgery in order to optimize an expert-based guideline on convalescence recommendations. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study conducted in nine general and one university hospital in the Netherlands...
December 6, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207262/transcranial-electrical-stimulation
#19
Sven Bestmann, Vincent Walsh
Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) is a neuromodulatory technique in which low voltage constant or alternating currents are applied to the human brain via scalp electrodes. The basic idea of tES is that the application of weak currents can interact with neural processing, modify plasticity and entrain brain networks, and that this in turn can modify behaviour. The technique is now widely employed in basic and translational research, and increasingly is also used privately in sport, the military and recreation...
December 4, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202169/psychological-impact-of-cognitive-rest-following-sport-related-concussion-on-low-socioeconomic-status-adolescent-patients
#20
Tamerah N Hunt, Laura L Harris
PURPOSE: Describe the psychological impact of cognitive rest in adolescents recovering from concussion from sport-related concussion. METHODS: Eight male football players with a previous sport concussion and full recovery completed semi-structured interviews during focus group sessions. Using content analysis, the researchers independently analyzed notes and transcriptions to identify themes associated with the psychological impact of cognitive rest. RESULTS: Common themes included: 1) sport as social support, and 2) boredom-complicated recovery following cognitive rest...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
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