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Co2 absorber

Christabel Y L Chan, Kum C Hiong, Mel V Boo, Celine Y L Choo, Wai P Wong, Shit F Chew, Yuen K Ip
Giant clams live in nutrient-poor reef waters of the Indo-Pacific and rely on symbiotic dinoflagellates ( Symbiodinium spp., also known as zooxanthellae) for nutrients. As the symbionts are nitrogen deficient, the host clam has to absorb exogenous nitrogen and supply it to them. This study aimed to demonstrate light-enhanced urea absorption in the fluted giant clam, Tridacna squamosa , and to clone and characterize the urea active transporter, DUR3-like, from its ctenidium (gill). Results indicate that T. squamosa could absorb exogenous urea, and the rate of urea uptake in light was significantly higher than that in darkness...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
Ina Strauss, Alexander Mundstock, Dominik Hinrichs, Rasmus Himstedt, Alexander Knebel, Carsten Reinhardt, Dirk Dorfs, Jürgen Caro
Co-MOF-74 rod like crystals with a length of several hundred micrometers have been synthesized via a solvothermal procedure and their interaction with different gases has been evaluated in view of selective gas sensing. We show strongly anisotropic absorption behaviour of the Co-MOF-74 crystals when illuminated with polarized light. This study then addresses the interactions of guests (CO2, propane, propene, Ar, MeOH, H2O) with Co-MOF-74, studied by various spectroscopic techniques. Via Vis/NIR measurements, peak shifts of Co-MOF-74 depending on the interaction with the guest molecules were observed and distinguished...
March 13, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Nina K Bersenkowitsch, Milan Ončák, Christian van der Linde, Andreas Herburger, Martin K Beyer
Although marine aerosols undergo extensive photochemical processing in the troposphere, a molecular level understanding of the elementary steps involved in these complex reaction sequences is still missing. As a defined laboratory model system, the photodissociation of sea salt clusters doped with glyoxylate, [Nan Cln-2 (C2 HO3 )]+ , n = 5-11, is studied by a combination of mass spectrometry, laser spectroscopy and ab initio calculations. Glyoxylate acts as a chromophore, absorbing light below 400 nm via two absorption bands centered at about 346 and 231 nm...
March 8, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Yang-Hui Luo, Chen Chen, Dan-Li Hong, Xiao-Tong He, Jing-Wen Wang, Ting Ding, Bo-Jun Wang, Bai-Wang Sun
The organometallic cation 1 (Fe(bipy-NH2 )3 2+ , bipy-NH2 = 4,4'-diamino-2,2'-bipyridine), which was constructed in situ in solution, can bind CO2 from air effectively with a stoichiometric ratio of 1:4 (1/CO2 ), through the formation of "H-bonded CO2 " species: [CO2 -OH-CO2 ]- and [CO2 -CO2 -OH]- . These two species, along with the captured individual CO2 molecules, connected 1 into a novel 3D (three-dimensional) architecture, that was crystal 1·2(OH- )·4(CO2 ). The adsorption isotherms, recycling investigations, and the heat capacity of 1 have been investigated; the results revealed that the organometallic cation 1 can be recycled at least 10 times for the real-world CO2 capture applications...
March 7, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Andrea Boghi, Tiina Roose, Guy Jd Kirk
We develop a model with which to study the poorly-understood mechanisms of uranium (U) uptake by plants. The model is based on equations for transport and reaction of U and acids and bases in the rhizosphere around cylindrical plant roots. It allows for the speciation of U with hydroxyl, carbonate and organic ligands in the soil solution; the nature and kinetics of sorption reactions with the soil solid; and the effects of root-induced changes in rhizosphere pH. A sensitivity analysis showed the importance of soil sorption and speciation parameters as influenced by pH and CO2 pressure; and of root geometry and root-induced acid-base changes linked to the form of nitrogen taken up by the root...
February 21, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Piotr Robakowski, Ernest Bielinis, Kerrie Sendall
This study addressed whether competition under different light environments was reflected by changes in leaf absorbed light energy partitioning, photosynthetic efficiency, relative growth rate and biomass allocation in invasive and native competitors. Additionally, a potential allelopathic effect of mulching with invasive Prunus serotina leaves on native Quercus petraea growth and photosynthesis was tested. The effect of light environment on leaf absorbed light energy partitioning and photosynthetic characteristics was more pronounced than the effects of interspecific competition and allelopathy...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Plant Research
A Fredon, H M Cuppen
Molecules in space are synthesized via a large variety of gas-phase reactions, and reactions on dust-grain surfaces, where the surface acts as a catalyst. Especially, saturated, hydrogen-rich molecules are formed through surface chemistry where the interstellar grains act as a meeting place and absorbing energy. Here we present the results of thousands of molecular dynamics simulations to quantify the outcome of an energy dissipation process. Admolecules on top of an amorphous solid water surface have been given translational energy between 0...
February 8, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Chaonan Jin, Sainan Zhang, Zhenjie Zhang, Yao Chen
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a zinc-containing metalloprotein, in which the Zn active center plays the key role to transform CO2 into carbonate. Inspired by nature, herein we used metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) to mimic CA for CO2 conversion, on the basis of the structural similarity between the Zn coordination in MOFs and CA active center. The biomimetic activity of MOFs was investigated by detecting the hydrolysis of para-nitrophenyl acetate, which is a model reaction used to evaluate CA activity. The biomimetic materials (e...
January 30, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Tamas Oncsik, R Vijayaraghavan, Douglas R MacFarlane
For the first time, several low-viscosity diamino protic ionic liquids (DPILs), based on azolides as anions (pyrazolide, imidazolide and triazolide) have been synthesised, characterised and evaluated for CO2 capture. The results reveal that these ionic liquids rapidly absorb CO2 to more than 20% w/w pointing towards equimolar absorption.
January 29, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Elaine M Worcester, Kristin J Bergsland, Daniel L Gillen, Fredric L Coe
Regulation of acid base metabolism maintains the pH of body fluids within a tight range. Urine pH (UpH) is also regulated under normal conditions. Median pH of 24-hour urines is about 6, but others have noted that UpH of women is higher than men, which has been attributed to differences in diet. If true, it would help to explain the fact that calcium phosphate stones, which form at higher urine pH, are much commoner in women than in men. We studied 14 normal subjects (7 men and 7 women) fed identical meals in a Clinical Research Center...
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Palanisamy Uma Maheswari, Duraisamy Renuga, H L Jeeva Kumari, Kandasamy Ruckmani
The (E)-2-((2-hydrohy-5-methylphenylimino) methyl) phenol ligand was synthesized. The receptor was characterized by IR, 1H and 13C NMR and CHN analysis. The ligand exhibits colorimetric and fluorometric sensing of Zn2+ and Mg2+ ions in semi-aqueous medium (DMSO-H2O). The receptor was tested with series of transition metal ions (Cr2+, Fe2+, Ni2+, Co2+, Cu2+, Zn2+) and heavy metal ions (Sn2+, Pd2+, Ce2+, Hg2+, Cd2+) and the essential human body elements like Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+ and K+ ions. The naked eye colorimetric sensing was absorbed only for Zn2+ and Mg2+...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Isaac N Mills, Jonathan A Porras, Stefan Bernhard
The exponential growth in published studies on phosphorescent metal complexes has been triggered by their utilization in optoelectronics, solar energy conversion, and biological labeling applications. Very recent breakthroughs in organic photoredox transformations have further increased the research efforts dedicated to discerning the inner workings and structure-property relationships of these chromophores. Initially, the principal focus was on the Ru(II)-tris-diimine complex family. However, the limited photostability and lack of luminescence tunability discovered in these complexes prompted a broadening of the research to include 5d transition metal ions...
January 16, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Dong Yan, John Beardall, Kunshan Gao
Cell size has implications for the package effect in photon absorption as well as for metabolic scaling of metabolism. In this study, we have avoided species-related differences by using isolates of the marine planktonic diatom Coscinodiscus granii with cells of different sizes and grown at different light intensities to investigate their energy allocation strategies. To make full use of incident light, several fold variations in cellular chlorophyll a content were employed across cell size. This modulation of pigment-related light absorbance was deemed effective as similar light absorbing capacities were found in all treatments...
January 10, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
Shichen Lian, Mohamad S Kodaimati, Emily A Weiss
This paper describes the use of electrostatic assemblies of negatively charged colloidal CuInS2/ZnS quantum dot (QD) sensitizers and positively charged, trimethylamino-functionalized iron tetraphenylporphyrin catalysts (FeTMA) to photoreduce CO2 to CO in water, upon illumination with 450-nm light. This system achieves a turnover number (TON) of CO (per FeTMA) of 450 after 30 h of illumination, with a selectivity of 99%. Its sensitization efficiency (TON per Joule of photons absorbed) is a factor of eleven larger than the previous record for photosensitization of an iron porphyrin catalyst for this reaction, held by a system in which both QDs and metal porphyrin were uncharged...
January 3, 2018: ACS Nano
Rachel Steinhardt, Stanley C Hiew, Hemakesh Mohapatra, Du Nguyen, Zachary Oh, Richard Truong, Aaron Esser-Kahn
Designing new liquids for CO2 absorption is a challenge in CO2 removal. Here, achieving low regeneration energies while keeping high selectivity and large capacity are current challenges. Recent cooperative metal-organic frameworks have shown the potential to address many of these challenges. However, many absorbent systems and designs rely on liquid capture agents. We present herein a liquid absorption system which exhibits cooperative CO2 absorption isotherms. Upon introduction, CO2 uptake is initially suppressed, followed by an abrupt increase in absorption...
December 27, 2017: ACS Central Science
Pengrui Jin, Chuan Huang, Jiaxiang Li, Yadong Shen, Liao Wang
The wetting of hollow fibre membranes decreases the performance of the liquid-gas membrane contactor for CO2 capture in biogas upgrading. To solve this problem, in this work, a poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) hollow fibre membrane for a liquid-gas membrane contactor was coated with a superhydrophobic layer composed of a combination of hydrophobic SiO2 nanoparticles and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) by the method of spray deposition. A rough layer of SiO2 deposited on the PVDF membrane resulted in an enhanced surface hydrophobicity...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
Yan Gao, Shu-Cheng Zheng, Chao-Qun Zheng, Yue-Chen Shi, Xiao-Lu Xie, Ke-Jian Wang, Hai-Peng Liu
The gradual increase of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, absorbed by the ocean surface water through air to sea equilibration termed ocean acidification (OA), leads to the decline of pH in seawater. It is not clear so far how the composition of fatty acids, particular the immune-related, in marine crustacean and the subsequent energy supply in marine ecosystem are affected by OA. The brine shrimp Artemia sinica is an open and common feed that provide essential fatty acids for mariculture. In this study, the fatty acids profiles of brine shrimp cultured under different lower pH levels of CO2 driven seawater were investigated...
December 26, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Suramya Waidyanatha, Kristen Ryan, J Michael Sanders, Jacob D McDonald, Christopher J Wegerski, Melanie Doyle-Eisle, C Edwin Garner
β-N-methylamino-l-alanine (L-BMAA) is produced by cyanobacteria (blue-green algae). Human exposure to L-BMAA occurs via consumption of L-BMAA-contaminated water and food. It is speculated that exposure to L-BMAA, and subsequent brain accumulation, may contribute to an increased incidence of neurodegenerative diseases indicating the need to evaluate risk of L-BMAA exposure to humans. As an initial step in this process, we have evaluated disposition following a single or repeated gavage administration of 1, 10 or 100mg/kg [14C]L-BMAA in rats and mice...
December 14, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Mohab Omer, Jan F A Hendrickx, Simon De Ridder, Alexander De Houwer, Rik Carette, Sofie De Cooman, Andre M De Wolf
Low fresh gas flows (FGFs) decrease the use of anesthetic gases, but increase CO2 absorbent usage. CO2 absorbent usage remains poorly quantified. The goal of this study is to determine canister life of 8 commercially available CO2 absorbent prepacks with the Zeus®. Pre-packed CO2 canisters of 8 different brands were tested in vitro: Amsorb Plus, Spherasorb, LoFloSorb, LithoLyme, SpiraLith, SpheraSorb, Drägersorb 800+, Drägersorb Free, and CO2ntrol. CO2 (160 mL min- 1) flowed into the tip of a 2 L breathing bag that was ventilated with a tidal volume of 500 mL, a respiratory rate of 10/min, and an I:E ratio of 1:1 using the controlled mechanical ventilation mode of the Zeus® (Dräger, Lubeck, Germany)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
James Barber
The biological energy cycle of our planet is driven by photosynthesis whereby sunlight is absorbed by chlorophyll and other accessory pigments. The excitation energy is then efficiently transferred to a reaction centre where charge separation occurs in a few picoseconds. In the case of photosystem II (PSII), the energy of the charge transfer state is used to split water into oxygen and reducing equivalents. This is accomplished by the relatively low energy content of four photons of visible light. PSII is a large multi-subunit membrane protein complex embedded in the lipid environment of the thylakoid membranes of plants, algae and cyanobacteria...
January 2017: Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics
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