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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812525/a-cross-cultural-exploration-of-abortion-fund-patients-in-the-usa-and-the-republic-of-ireland-northern-ireland-and-the-isle-of-man
#1
Gretchen E Ely, Travis W Hales, D Lynn Jackson
This paper details results of a study examining administrative case data from 2010-2015 from abortion funds serving the USA and the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man. Driven by the available data, the researchers compared organisational characteristics, patient characteristics, procedural costs, patient resources and the ratio between patient resources and procedural costs. Independent t-tests were conducted to assess whether differences in characteristics, costs or resources were significant...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808907/socio-demographic-characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-hospitalization-in-psychiatry-of-old-age-patients-an-international-comparison-between-ireland-and-turkey
#2
Elif Carpar, Geraldine McCarthy, Dimitrios Adamis, Gizem Donmezler, Ender Cesur, Nurhan Fistikci
BACKGROUND: Taking predictors of hospitalization characteristics into consideration internationally would broaden our understanding of this population on a local basis. AIMS: We aimed to examine and compare socio-demographic profiles along with hospitalization characteristics including length of hospital stay (LOS), reasons for admission and diagnoses among older adult inpatients hospitalized in Ireland and Turkey, and to assess factors predicting these features...
August 14, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808669/factors-contributing-to-unexpected-retirement-and-unemployment-in-adults-over-50-years-old-in-ireland
#3
Alison Schinkel-Ivy, Irene Mosca, Avril Mansfield
Older adults are increasingly important to maintaining stable workforces. As such, factors contributing to early workforce exit must be identified. This study aimed to identify predictors of unexpected retirement and unemployment at older age, with respect to psychological constructs, resulting adverse behaviors, and health-related factors reflecting functional status. Data were extracted from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) to predict unexpected retirement and unemployment in older adults in Ireland...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808557/timing-and-pattern-of-annual-silver-eel-migration-in-two-european-watersheds-are-determined-by-similar-cues
#4
Odd Terje Sandlund, Ola H Diserud, Russell Poole, Knut Bergesen, Mary Dillane, Gerard Rogan, Caroline Durif, Eva B Thorstad, Leif Asbjørn Vøllestad
Many animals perform long-distance migrations in order to maximize lifetime reproductive success. The European eel migrates several thousand kilometers between their feeding habitats in continental waters (fresh-, brackish, and sea water) and their spawning area in the Sargasso Sea. Eels residing in freshwaters usually initiate their spawning migration as silver eels during autumn, triggered by diverse environmental cues. We analyzed the time series of silver eel downstream migration in Burrishoole, Ireland (1971-2015), and Imsa, Norway (1975-2015), to examine factors regulating the silver eel migration from freshwater to the sea...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807639/a-survey-of-caesarean-section-surgical-site-infections-with-pico%C3%A2-single-use-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-system-in-high-risk-patients-in-england-and-ireland
#5
R J Searle, D Myers
This article reports audit data from the introduction of the PICO™ System for caesarean section patients with high body mass index (BMI) in four hospitals in the UK and Ireland. PICO was used on closed surgical incisions following caesarean section in 399 patients with BMI ≥35kg/m(2). Thirty-six out of 399 patients (9.0%) developed signs of surgical site infection (SSI), a rate lower than a previously reported incidence of 19.3% in a similar population. The readmission incidence was 0.8%. Therefore the use of PICO on closed surgical incisions may be associated with low incidence of SSI and readmission in this high-risk group...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807587/prevention-of-suicide-with-regulations-aimed-at-restricting-access-to-highly-hazardous-pesticides-a-systematic-review-of-the-international-evidence
#6
David Gunnell, Duleeka Knipe, Shu-Sen Chang, Melissa Pearson, Flemming Konradsen, Won Jin Lee, Michael Eddleston
BACKGROUND: Pesticide self-poisoning accounts for 14-20% of suicides worldwide. Regulation aimed at restricting access to pesticides or banning highly hazardous pesticides is one approach to reducing these deaths. We systematically reviewed the evidence of the effectiveness of pesticide regulation in reducing the incidence of pesticide suicides and overall suicides. METHODS: We did a systematic review of the international evidence. We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Embase for studies published between Jan 1, 1960, and Dec 31, 2016, which investigated the effect of national or regional bans, and sales or import restrictions, on the availability of one or more pesticides and the incidence of suicide in different countries...
August 11, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807059/lower-education-predicts-poor-response-to-dietary-intervention-in-pregnancy-regardless-of-neighbourhood-affluence-secondary-analysis-from-the-rolo-randomised-control-trial
#7
Eileen C O'Brien, Goiuri Alberdi, Aisling A Geraghty, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
OBJECTIVE: To determine if response to a low glycaemic index (GI) dietary intervention, measured by changes in dietary intake and gestational weight gain, differed across women of varying socio-economic status (SES). DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of the ROLO randomised control trial. The intervention consisted of a two-hour low-GI dietary education session in early pregnancy. Change in GI was measured using 3 d food diaries pre- and post-intervention. Gestational weight gain was categorised as per the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805982/a-serious-nightmare-psychiatric-and-neurologic-adverse-reactions-to-mefloquine-are-serious-adverse-reactions
#8
Remington L Nevin
Mefloquine (originally marketed as Lariam) is a neurotoxic quinoline derivative antimalarial drug that is known to cause serious and potentially lasting neuropsychiatric adverse reactions. Since 2013, drug regulators in several jurisdictions, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Canada, have required their mefloquine labels be updated to warn that when used for malaria prophylaxis the drug should be discontinued at the onset of neurologic or psychiatric symptoms. These recent changes to the international labeling serve to imply that psychiatric and neurologic reactions to mefloquine prophylaxis may be an early warning of an impending more serious reaction that may further jeopardize the patient with continued use of the drug...
August 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805548/when-is-a-lie-acceptable-work-and-private-life-lying-acceptance-depends-on-its-beneficiary
#9
Katarzyna Cantarero, Piotr Szarota, Eftychia Stamkou, Marisol Navas, Alejandra Del Carmen Dominguez Espinosa
In this article we show that when analyzing attitude towards lying in a cross-cultural setting, both the beneficiary of the lie (self vs other) and the context (private life vs. professional domain) should be considered. In a study conducted in Estonia, Ireland, Mexico, The Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and Sweden (N = 1345), in which participants evaluated stories presenting various types of lies, we found usefulness of relying on the dimensions. Results showed that in the joint sample the most acceptable were other-oriented lies concerning private life, then other-oriented lies in the professional domain, followed by egoistic lies in the professional domain; and the least acceptance was shown for egoistic lies regarding one's private life...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804938/abstract-supplement-for-neurogastro-2017-congress-24-26-august-2017-cork-ireland
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803578/physiotherapy-managers-views-of-musculoskeletal-physiotherapy-service-provision-in-ireland-a-qualitative-study
#11
Helen P French, Rose Galvin
Aim Integrated multidisciplinary primary healthcare is still in a relatively early stage of development in Ireland, with significant restructuring occurring in the past decade. Musculoskeletal physiotherapy services traditionally provided in acute hospital settings have been relocated into the primary care setting where the physiotherapist works as part of the multidisciplinary team. This study aimed to explore physiotherapy managers' experiences of managing musculoskeletal physiotherapy services in primary care to gain an insight into the opportunities and challenges in service delivery, changing roles and ongoing professional development needs of staff...
August 14, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803271/brain-biopsies-requiring-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-precautions-in-the-republic-of-ireland-2005-2016
#12
F M Brett, S Looby, A Chalissery, D Chen, C Heaney, J Heffernan, F Cunningham, R Howley, T Loftus, H Kearney, M A Farrell
AIMS: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) risk precautions are required when performing brain biopsies on patients with a dementing illness and in 'risk' groups. The impact on a diagnostic neuropathology service is considerable. We sought to determine if better case selection might reduce the necessity for application of CJD risk precautions. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical information, contributory investigations and final neuropathologic diagnosis in a cohort of patients (n = 21), referred to the National CJD Surveillance Centre between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2016...
August 12, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802895/physical-activity-and-obesity-among-nine-year-old-children-with-and-without-chronic-health-problems-illness-or-disabilities-in-ireland
#13
Justin A Haegele, Sean Healy, Xihe Zhu
BACKGROUND: Regular engagement in physical activity can help youth control their weight during childhood while decreasing one's chances of developing chronic diseases (e.g., coronary heart disease, diabetes) throughout the lifespan. While numerous studies have explored physical activity participation and weight status among typically developing children, few epidemiological studies utilizing nationally representative data has focused on children with chronic health problems, illness, or disabilities (CHID)...
August 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801394/the-role-of-nurse-specialists-in-the-delivery-of-integrated-diabetes-care-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-diabetes-nurse-specialist-services
#14
Fiona Riordan, Sheena M McHugh, Katie Murphy, Julie Barrett, Patricia M Kearney
OBJECTIVES: International evidence suggests the diabetes nurse specialist (DNS) has a key role in supporting integrated management of diabetes. We examine whether hospital and community DNS currently support the integration of care, examine regional variation in aspects of the service relevant to the delivery of integrated care and identify barriers to service delivery and areas for improvement. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of hospital and community-based DNS in Ireland...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801392/can-promoting-awareness-of-fetal-movements-and-focusing-interventions-reduce-fetal-mortality-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-trial-affirm
#15
Alexander E P Heazell, Christopher J Weir, Sarah J E Stock, Catherine J Calderwood, Sarah Cunningham Burley, J Frederik Froen, Michael Geary, Alyson Hunter, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Edile Murdoch, Aryelly Rodriguez, Mary Ross-Davie, Janet Scott, Sonia Whyte, Jane E Norman
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the stillbirth rate in the UK was 4.2 per 1000 live births, ranking 24th out of 49 high-income countries, with an annual rate of reduction of only 1.4% per year. The majority of stillbirths occur in normally formed infants, with (retrospective) evidence of placental insufficiency the most common clinical finding. Maternal perception of reduced fetal movements (RFM) is associated with placental insufficiency and increased risk of subsequent stillbirth.This study will test the hypothesis that the introduction of a package of care to increase women's awareness of the need for prompt reporting of RFM and standardised management to identify fetal compromise with timely delivery in confirmed cases, will reduce the rate of stillbirth...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800406/a-research-based-mantra-for-compassionate-caring
#16
Louise Terry, Roger Newham, Sinéad Hahessy, Siobhan Atherley, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, Marilyn Evans, Karen Ferguson, Graham Carr, S H Cedar
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom introduced the Six C's strategy to help address deficits in approaching nursing care in a compassionate and caring manner. OBJECTIVE: To identify the book, article, poem, film or play that most influenced nurse educators' understanding of care and compassion and to articulate a clearer understanding of compassionate caring. DESIGN: A qualitative study applying discourse analysis to respondents' questionnaires and their nominated narrative...
August 2, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800298/impact-of-field-number-and-beam-angle-on-functional-image-guided-lung-cancer-radiotherapy-planning
#17
Bilal A Tahir, Chris M Bragg, Jim M Wild, James A Swinscoe, Sarah E Lawless, Kerry A Hart, Matthew Q Hatton, Rob H Ireland
To investigate the effect of beam angles and field number on functionally-guided intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) normal lung avoidance treatment plans that incorporate hyperpolarised helium-3 magnetic resonance imaging ((3)He MRI) ventilation data. Eight non-small cell lung cancer patients had pre-treatment (3)He MRI that was registered to inspiration breath-hold radiotherapy planning computed tomography. IMRT plans that minimised the volume of total lung receiving  ⩾20 Gy (V20) were compared with plans that minimised (3)He MRI defined functional lung receiving  ⩾20 Gy (fV20)...
August 11, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799706/outcome-after-transcatheter-occlusion-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-infants-less-than-6-kg-a-national-study-from-united-kingdom-and-ireland
#18
Sok-Leng Kang, Salim Jivanji, Chetan Mehta, Andrew J Tometzki, Graham Derrick, Robert Yates, Sachin Khambadkone, Joseph de Giovanni, Oliver Stumper, Rami Dhillon, Vinay Bhole, Zdenek Slavik, Michael Rigby, Patrick Noonan, Ben Smith, Brodie Knight, Trevor Richens, Neil Wilson, Kevin Walsh, Adam James, John Thomson, Jamie Bentham, Nicholas Hayes, Sajid Nazir, Satish Adwani, Arjamand Shauq, Ram Ramaraj, Christopher Duke, Demetris Taliotis, Vikram Kudumula, San-Fui Yong, Gareth Morgan, Eric Rosenthal, Thomas Krasemann, Shakeel Qureshi, David Crossland, Tony Hermuzi, Robin P Martin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to report our national experience with transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occlusion in infants weighing <6 kg. BACKGROUND: The technique of transcatheter PDA closure has evolved in the past two decades and is increasingly used in smaller patients but data on safety and efficacy are limited. METHODS: Patients weighing < 6 kg in whom transcatheter PDA occlusion was attempted in 13 tertiary paediatric cardiology units in the United Kingdom and Ireland were retrospectively analyzed to review the outcome and complications...
August 11, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799269/reported-implementation-lessons-from-a-national-quality-improvement-initiative-productive-ward-releasing-time-to-care%C3%A2-a-qualitative-ward-based-team-perspective
#19
Mark White, Tony Butterworth, John S G Wells
AIM: To explore the experiences of participants involved in the implementation of the Productive Ward: Releasing Time to Care™ initiative in Ireland, identifying key implementation lessons. BACKGROUND: A large-scale quality improvement programme Productive Ward: Releasing Time to Care™ was introduced nationwide into Ireland in 2011. We captured accounts from ward-based teams in an implementation phase during 2013-14 to explore their experiences. METHODS: Semi-structured, in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of 24 members of ward-based teams from nine sites involved in the second national phase of the initiative were conducted...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799257/comparison-of-costs-associated-with-substituting-culture-medium-with-saline-solution-for-follicular-flushing-during-oocyte-retrieval
#20
Dmitry Loktionov, Oladayo Oduola, Jenny Cloherty, Sharon M Warner, Nikhil Purandare
OBJECTIVES: To compare culture medium and saline solution for follicular flushing during oocyte retrieval with assisted reproductive technologies. METHODS: The present retrospective study analyzed data collected at Galway Fertility Clinic, Galway, Ireland, between January 1, 2015, and August 31, 2016; all patients attending the clinic for in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection during this period were included. Data were stratified by whether follicular flushing was performed with culture medium or saline, and the oocyte yield rate, fertilization rate, embryo utilization rate, and biochemical and clinical pregnancy rates were compared between the groups...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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