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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906121/one-health-training-and-research-activities-in-western-europe
#1
REVIEW
Reina Sikkema, Marion Koopmans
INTRODUCTION: The increase in emerging human infectious diseases that have a zoonotic origin and the increasing resistance of microorganisms to antimicrobial drugs have shown the need for collaborations between the human, animal and environmental health sectors. The One Health concept increasingly receives recognition from policy makers and researchers all over the world. This overview compiled research and education activities in the area of One Health in Western Europe (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Iceland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Portugal, Scandinavia, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom (UK), with a focus on infectious diseases...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903579/medium-chain-acyl-coenzyme-a-dehydrogenase-deficiency-mcadd-a-cause-of-severe-hypoglycaemia-in-an-apparently-well-child
#2
Kene Ebuka Maduemem
Medium-chain acyl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is a disorder of fatty acid β oxidation inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. The enzyme is useful in hepatic ketogenesis, a major source of energy once hepatic glycogen stores become depleted during prolonged fasting. It is a cause of hypoketotic hypoglycaemia in a previously well child. MCADD is not part of newborn screening in Ireland; children are likely to be missed if routine hypoglycaemic screen is not instituted when blood glucose level is below 2...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903459/true-rifampicin-resistance-missed-by-the-mgit-prevalence-of-this-pheno-genotype-in-the-uk-and-ireland-after-18-month-surveillance
#3
Ximena Gonzalo, Pauline Claxton, Tim Brown, Lorraine Montgomery, Margaret Fitzgibbon, Ian Laurenson, Francis Drobniewski
OBJECTIVES: To characterise rifampicin resistant strains missed by the MGIT 960 system but not by egg-based media in the UK and Ireland and to ascertain their prevalence. METHODS: All strains sent for second line susceptibility testing were prospectively collected. Drug Susceptibility Testing was performed by Resistance Ratio (RR), Proportion Method (PM), MGIT 960 and MIC determination by microdilution. Rifampicin resistance conferring mutations were detected with line probe assays and sequencing...
November 26, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902497/service-providers-attitudes-toward-athletes-with-eating-disorders
#4
Siobhain McArdle, Mary M Meade, Emma Burrows
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the nature and extent of Athlete Support Personnel's (ASP's) attitudes and beliefs toward athletes with symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN) compared with those with symptoms of depression. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with a survey instrument. SETTING: Sport and Exercise Science Professional Bodies and Associations in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, and mainland United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-two ASP...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901499/genetic-characterization-of-esocid-herpesvirus-1-eshv1
#5
Jared T Freitas, Kuttichantran Subramaniam, Karen L Kelley, Susan Marcquenski, Joseph Groff, Thomas B Waltzek
Blue spot disease, believed to be caused by esocid herpesvirus 1 (EsHV1), has been observed in wild northern pike Esox lucius in a number of cold-water locations, including the northern USA, Canada, and Ireland. In the spring of 2014, a northern pike was caught in Wisconsin displaying the characteristic bluish-white circular plaques on the dorsum and fins. Microscopic examination of hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections of the proliferative cutaneous lesions revealed a focally extensive abundance of panepidermal, megalocytic keratinocytes with karyomegaly...
November 22, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899340/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-adolescent-problems-coping-efficacy-and-mood-states-using-a-mobile-phone-app-an-exploratory-study
#6
Rachel Kenny, Barbara Dooley, Amanda Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Mobile technologies have the potential to be used as innovative tools for conducting research on the mental health and well-being of young people. In particular, they have utility for carrying out ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research by capturing data from participants in real time as they go about their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the utility of a mobile phone app as a means of collecting EMA data pertaining to mood, problems, and coping efficacy in a school-based sample of Irish young people...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899205/development-and-validation-of-the-new-icnarc-model-for-prediction-of-acute-hospital-mortality-in-adult-critical-care
#7
Paloma Ferrando-Vivas, Andrew Jones, Kathryn M Rowan, David A Harrison
PURPOSE: To develop and validate an improved risk model to predict acute hospital mortality for admissions to adult critical care units in the UK. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 155,239 admissions to 232 adult critical care units in England, Wales and Northern Ireland between January and December 2012 were used to develop a risk model from a set of 38 candidate predictors. The model was validated using 90,017 admissions between January and September 2013. RESULTS: The final model incorporated 15 physiological predictors (modelled with continuous nonlinear models), age, dependency prior to hospital admission, chronic liver disease, metastatic disease, haematological malignancy, CPR prior to admission, location prior to admission/urgency of admission, primary reason for admission and interaction terms...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898905/opportunities-for-genomic-prediction-for-fertility-using-endocrine-and-classical-fertility-traits-in-dairy-cattle
#8
A M M Tenghe, B Berglund, E Wall, R F Veerkamp, D J de Koning
Endocrine fertility traits, defined from progesterone concentration levels in milk, have been suggested as alternative indicators for fertility in dairy cows because they are less biased by farm management decisions and more directly reflect a cow's reproductive physiology than classical traits derived from insemination and calving data. To determine the potential use of endocrine fertility traits in genomic evaluations, the improvement in accuracy from using endocrine fertility traits concurrent with classical traits in the genomic prediction of fertility was quantified...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898722/suicide-among-young-people-and-adults-in-ireland-method-characteristics-toxicological-analysis-and-substance-abuse-histories-compared
#9
Ella Arensman, Marco Bennardi, Celine Larkin, Amanda Wall, Carmel McAuliffe, Jacklyn McCarthy, Eileen Williamson, Ivan J Perry
OBJECTIVE: Information on factors associated with suicide among young individuals in Ireland is limited. The aim of this study was to identify socio-demographic characteristics and circumstances of death associated with age among individuals who died by suicide. METHODS: The study examined 121 consecutive suicides (2007-2012) occurring in the southern eastern part of Ireland (Cork city and county). Data were obtained from coroners, family informants, and health care professionals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896871/the-old-reliables-outperform-new-media-in-social-marketing-of-euromelanoma-in-ireland
#10
L Roche, C C Foley, S McCarthy, M Murphy
Euromelanoma is a pan-European prevention campaign against skin cancer and promotes a walk-in screening day in May of each year. The screening day serves to highlight awareness of skin cancer amongst the general public and to encourage self-checks for new or changing lesions. The South Infirmary Victoria University Hospital (SIVUH) provides regional dermatology and skin cancer services for the Cork/Kerry region in Ireland and held a Euromelanoma Screening day in May 2014 and 2015. This article is protected by copyright...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896846/international-study-of-medical-school-learning-environments-and-their-relationship-with-student-well-being-and-empathy
#11
Sean Tackett, Scott Wright, Robert Lubin, Jianing Li, Hui Pan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether favourable perceptions of the learning environment (LE) were associated with better quality of life, less burnout and more empathy across three undergraduate medical education programmes in Israel, Malaysia and China. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were administered at the end of the 2013-2014 academic year at three medical schools: Technion American Medical Students Program (TAMS) in Israel, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland School of Medicine (PURCSI) in Malaysia and Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) in China...
November 29, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895908/diathermy-awareness-among-surgeons-an-analysis-in-ireland
#12
P M McQuail, B S McCartney, J F Baker, P Kenny
INTRODUCTION: Diathermy is an integral part of many modern surgical procedures. While diathermy is generally accepted as 'safe', electrosurgery-induced injuries are among the more common causes for malpractice litigation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the awareness among surgeons of the principles, risks, precautions and appropriate use of diathermy. METHODS: All surgeons employed from Senior House Officer (SHO) to Consultant grade in two teaching hospitals were surveyed...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893809/model-of-selective-and-non-selective-management-of-badgers-meles-meles-to-control-bovine-tuberculosis-in-badgers-and-cattle
#13
Graham C Smith, Richard J Delahay, Robbie A McDonald, Richard Budgey
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) causes substantial economic losses to cattle farmers and taxpayers in the British Isles. Disease management in cattle is complicated by the role of the European badger (Meles meles) as a host of the infection. Proactive, non-selective culling of badgers can reduce the incidence of disease in cattle but may also have negative effects in the area surrounding culls that have been associated with social perturbation of badger populations. The selective removal of infected badgers would, in principle, reduce the number culled, but the effects of selective culling on social perturbation and disease outcomes are unclear...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893737/long-range-memory-in-literary-texts-on-the-universal-clustering-of-the-rare-words
#14
Kumiko Tanaka-Ishii, Armin Bunde
A fundamental problem in linguistics is how literary texts can be quantified mathematically. It is well known that the frequency of a (rare) word in a text is roughly inverse proportional to its rank (Zipf's law). Here we address the complementary question, if also the rhythm of the text, characterized by the arrangement of the rare words in the text, can be quantified mathematically in a similar basic way. To this end, we consider representative classic single-authored texts from England/Ireland, France, Germany, China, and Japan...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891391/identification-and-cost-of-disposable-endourological-devices-for-nephrolithiasis-a-cross-sectional-study-among-urological-trainees
#15
Eoin D Mac Craith, Niall F Davis, Cliodhna Browne, David J Galvin, David M Quinlan, Gerald M Lennon, David W Mulvin
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge on health economics among urology trainees is not formally assessed. The cost of commonly utilised endourological devices may not be considered by trainees. AIM: The present study was conducted with the aim to assess whether urology trainees were knowledgeable on identification and cost of commonly used disposable devices in the management of nephrolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty urology trainees in Ireland were invited to complete a visual online questionnaire on the identification of 10 frequently utilised disposable endourological devices...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889286/computational-fluid-analysis-of-symptomatic-chronic-type-b-aortic-dissections-managed-with-the-streamliner-multilayer-flow-modulator
#16
Florian Stefanov, Sherif Sultan, Liam Morris, Ala Elhelali, Edel P Kavanagh, Violet Lundon, Mohamed Sultan, Niamh Hynes
OBJECTIVE: Managing symptomatic chronic type B aortic dissection (SCTBAD) by the Streamliner Multilayer Flow Modulator (SMFM) stent (Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium) is akin to provisional structural support to induce complete attachment of the dissection flap, but with the ability of aortic remolding. This study investigated the SMFM's capability to enact healing of SCTBAD. METHODS: Clinical data for 12 cases comprising preoperative and postoperative treatment of SCTBAD were obtained from a multicenter database hosted by the Multilayer Flow Modulator Global Registry, Ireland...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886575/an-evaluation-of-the-appropriateness-and-effectiveness-of-structured-reflection-for-midwifery-students-in-ireland
#17
Louise Gallagher, Denise Lawler, Vivienne Brady, Colm OBoyle, Anna Deasy, Kathryn Muldoon
Midwifery students undertaking the undergraduate midwifery education programme in Ireland participate in facilitated reflective sessions that aim to develop their skills of reflecting on and in clinical practice. This paper presents a qualitative evaluation of the appropriateness and effectiveness of the facilitated reflection sessions for pre and post-registration midwifery students in two large Dublin maternity teaching hospitals. The aim was to evaluate structured reflective practice sessions which sought to assist midwifery students to become competent reflective practitioners...
November 14, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884504/a-critical-examination-of-the-definition-of-psychoactive-effect-in-australian-drug-legislation
#18
Monica J Barratt, Kate Seear, Kari Lancaster
As the number of new 'psychoactive substances' detected globally has risen exponentially, the policy response of assessing and prohibiting each new substance individually has become increasingly unworkable. In an attempt to disrupt the availability of new as-yet-unscheduled substances, Ireland (2010), Poland (2011), Romania (2012), New Zealand (2013), Australia (2015) and the United Kingdom (2016) have enacted generic or blanket ban legislation that prohibits all 'psychoactive substances' that are not already regulated or belong to exempt categories...
November 21, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884492/what-women-want-exploring-pregnant-women-s-preferences-for-alternative-models-of-maternity-care
#19
Christopher Godfrey Fawsitt, Jane Bourke, Jennifer E Lutomski, Sarah Meaney, Brendan McElroy, Rosemary Murphy, Richard Anthony Greene
Depending on obstetric risk, maternity care may be provided in one of two locations at hospital level: a consultant-led unit (CLU) or a midwifery-led unit (MLU). Care in a MLU is sparsely provided in Ireland, comprising as few as two units out of a total 21 maternity units. Given its potential for greater efficiencies of care and cost-savings for the state, there has been an increased interest to expand MLUs in Ireland. Yet, very little is known about women's preferences for midwifery-led care, and whether they would utilise this service when presented with the choice of delivering in a CLU or MLU...
November 8, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882658/access-to-clinical-trials-for-adolescents-with-soft-tissue-sarcomas-enrollment-in-european-pediatric-soft-tissue-sarcoma-study-group-epssg-protocols
#20
Andrea Ferrari, Annalisa Trama, Angela De Paoli, Christophe Bergeron, Johannes H M Merks, Meriel Jenney, Daniel Orbach, Julia C Chisholm, Soledad Gallego, Heidi Glosli, Gian Luca De Salvo, Laura Botta, Gemma Gatta, Gianni Bisogno
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with cancer are enrolled in clinical trials at far lower rates than children. This report compares the number of adolescents (15-19-year-olds) and children (0-14-year-olds) enrolled in the protocols of the European pediatric Soft tissue sarcoma Study Group (EpSSG) with the number of cases expected to occur. METHODS: The observed-to-expected (O/E) ratio was detected in the EpSSG countries contributing most of the cases, that is, Italy, France, Spain, the Netherlands, United Kingdom, and Ireland...
November 24, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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