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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145309/short-term-effects-of-sports-taping-on-navicular-height-navicular-drop-and-peak-plantar-pressure-in-healthy-elite-athletes-a-within-subject-comparison
#1
Taegyu Kim, Jong-Chul Park
Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is one of the most common exercise-induced leg pain. The navicular drop (ND) was identified as a risk factor for MTSS. This study aimed to evaluate the short-term effects of sports taping applied to the supporting lower leg during sitting, standing, walking, and jogging to restrict the ND in healthy elite athletes.Twenty-four healthy elite athletes without a history of exercise-induced pain or injuries in the lower limbs participated in this study (median age: 21.00 years; 1st--3rd quartiles; 19...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140190/evaluation-of-a-shoulder-injury-prevention-program-in-wheelchair-basketball
#2
Jereme Wilroy, Elizabeth Hibberd
CONTEXT: Previous literature has theorized that alterations in shoulder physical characteristics are present in wheelchair athletes and contribute to shoulder pain and injury. Limited empirical evidence is present that evaluates the effectiveness of a shoulder injury prevention program focusing on improving these altered characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week intervention program at improving characteristics that increases the risk of developing pain or shoulder injury...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140170/clinical-diagnostic-tests-versus-mri-diagnosis-of-acl-tears
#3
Megan P Brady, Windee Weiss
CLINICAL SCENARIO: A common injury among elite, recreational, and youth athletes is the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear.(1) Approximately 200,000 ACL injuries occur every year.(2) The gold standard in ACL injury evaluation is diagnostic arthroscopy,(3,4) however the diagnostic accuracy of clinical diagnostic tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is debatable.(1,3-6) Due to the frequency of knee injury,(3) MRI is a common diagnostic tool used for imaging and diagnosis(5). ACL tears are also diagnosed using clinical diagnostic tests...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140162/eight-week-return-to-play-following-latarjet-shoulder-reconstruction-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#4
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Ken Withers, William Breidahl, Jonathon Charlesworth
INTRODUCTION: Anterior shoulder dislocations are a common injury in many sports resulting in extended time lost from play with an extremely high recurrence rate in young athletes playing high risk sport. Latarjet shoulder reconstruction is a common surgical procedure used to prevent subsequent dislocation with an expected rehabilitation timeframe of between four to six months before return to play. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced two left sided shoulder dislocations before undergoing a left Latarjet shoulder reconstruction...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140127/proprioceptive-training-for-the-prevention-of-ankle-sprains-an-evidence-based-review
#5
Matthew J Rivera, Zachary K Winkelmann, Cameron J Powden, Kenneth E Games
Reference:  Schiftan GS, Ross LA, Hahne AJ. The effectiveness of proprioceptive training in preventing ankle sprains in sporting populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Sci Med Sport. 2015;18(3):238-244. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Does the use of proprioceptive training as a sole intervention decrease the incidence of initial or recurrent ankle sprains in the athletic population? DATA SOURCES:   The authors completed a comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) from inception to October 2013...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138604/sport-related-anxiety-current-insights
#6
REVIEW
Jessica L Ford, Kenneth Ildefonso, Megan L Jones, Monna Arvinen-Barrow
To date, much research has been devoted to understanding how anxiety can affect sport performance, both in practice and in competitive settings. It is well known that sport has the potential for high levels of stress and anxiety, and that practicing and employing a range of psychological strategies can be beneficial in anxiety management. Equally, growing evidence also suggests that anxiety can play a role in sport injury prevention, occurrence, rehabilitation, and the return to sport process. The purpose of this paper is to provide current insights into sport-related anxiety...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135641/the-pediatric-endurance-athlete
#7
Mary L Solomon, Susannah M Briskin, Nicole Sabatina, Jennifer E Steinhoff
Youth sports participation numbers continue to grow in the United States. A shift toward sport specialization has caused an increase in sport training frequency and intensity that places the growing athlete at risk for overtraining, nutritional deficits, and injuries. Individuals who participate in endurance sports are at especially high risk. Youth runners and swimmers are high-risk populations that require special attention to their training schedules, nutritional intake, and injuries. Appropriate scheduling of training, dedicating time to rest, and nutrition education can help prevent problems in the endurance athlete...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135636/track-and-field-throwing-sports-injuries-and-prevention
#8
Adele Meron, Deborah Saint-Phard
Throwing events in track and field are among the oldest sporting events in recorded history and include shot put, discus, hammer, and javelin. All throwing athletes use the kinetic chain to transfer energy from the lower extremities, through the pelvis, trunk, shoulder, arm, wrist, hand, and finally into the implement to generate maximum force. Throughout this sequential activation, mobilization, and stabilization of body segments, there is opportunity for breakdown in the chain, which can lead to injury. This review describes the biomechanics and kinetic chain components of each event and highlights injuries common among all throwers as well as injuries unique to each event...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129460/the-association-of-novel-polymorphisms-with-stress-fracture-injury-in-elite-athletes-further-insights-from-the-sfea-cohort
#9
Ian Varley, David C Hughes, Julie P Greeves, Trent Stellingwerff, Craig Ranson, William D Fraser, Craig Sale
OBJECTIVES: To determine, in conjunction with a wider investigation, whether 11 genetic variants in the vicinity of vitamin D, collagen and Wnt signalling pathways were associated with stress fracture injury in the Stress Fracture Elite Athlete (SFEA) cohort. DESIGN: Genotype-phenotype association study. METHODS: Self-reported stress fracture history and demographic data were recorded in 518 elite athletes, 449 male and 69 female (mean age 24...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125444/online-postconcussion-return-to-play-instructions
#10
Jennylee S Swallow, Jacob R Joseph, Kylene Willsey, Andrea A Almeida, Matthew T Lorincz, Paul Park, Nicholas J Szerlip, Steven P Broglio
OBJECTIVE The authors of recent concussion guidelines have sought to form a consensus on injury management, but it is unclear if they have been effective in conveying this information to the public. Many parents and athletes obtain medical recommendations via the Internet. This review is aimed at evaluating consistency between online resources and published guideline statements in postconcussion return-to-play (RTP) decisions. METHODS Five websites were selected through a Google search for RTP after concussion, including a federal government institution (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) website, a national high school association (National Federation of State High School Associations) website, a popular nationally recognized medical website for patients (WebMD), a popular parent-driven website for parents of children who participate in sports (MomsTeam), and the website of a private concussion clinic (Sports Concussion Institute), along with a university hospital website (University of Michigan Medicine)...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117014/what-s-new-in-pediatric-upper-extremity-sports-injuries
#11
Jennifer J Beck, Connor G Richmond, Marc A Tompkins, Ann Heyer, Kevin G Shea, Aristides I Cruz
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are common in pediatric and adolescent patients and the evaluation and treatment of these injuries continues to evolve. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive appraisal of the most recent literature, highlighting updates on sports-related upper extremity injuries in pediatric patients. METHODS: An electronic search of the PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases was performed for keywords related to pediatric overhead athletes, osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum, medial epicondyle fractures, shoulder instability, and clavicle fractures...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114704/dental-injuries-in-taekwondo-athletes-practicing-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Yazan R Aljohani, Khalid H Alfaifi, Samaa K Redwan, Dania A Sabbahi, Mohammed H Zahran
To assess the incidence and awareness of taekwondo athletes in Saudi Arabia regarding oral and maxillofacial (OMF) injuries and their prevention. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, an online questionnaire about the incidence and awareness of OMF injuries and their prevention was developed and distributed to taekwondo athletes in Saudi Arabia via their coaches.  Results: Sixty-eight responses were collected. The mean age of the participants was 29.3±9.1 years and 97% of them were males. Most of the participants (83%) believed that they are vulnerable to OMF injuries during practice...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114527/effects-of-special-exercise-programs-on-functional-movement-screen-scores-and-injury-prevention-in-preprofessional-young-football-players
#13
Engin Dinc, Bekir Eray Kilinc, Muge Bulat, Yunus Turgay Erten, Bülent Bayraktar
To increase movement capacity and to reduce injury risk in young soccer players by implementing a special functional exercise program based on functional movement screen (FMS) and correctives. 67 young male athletes 14-19 years of age from a Super League Football Club Academy participated in the study. Functional movement patterns were evaluated with FMS assessment protocol. Deep squat, hurdle step, inline lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg raise, trunk stability push-up, and rotatory stability were examined in FMS...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099895/radial-shaft-stress-fracture-in-a-major-league-pitcher
#14
Karim A Meijer, Matthew S Fury, Hayley Ennis, Luis Grau, Michael Baraga, Jean Jose, James R Andrews, Lee Kaplan
Upper extremity injuries are associated with significant morbidity in throwing athletes, and prevention and diagnosis of overuse injuries in these athletes are increasingly being emphasized. Although stress fractures are common overuse injuries, stress fractures of the upper extremity are relatively rare. To our knowledge, a stress fracture of the radial shaft has not been reported in a throwing athlete. In this article, we describe the case of a Major League Baseball pitcher who presented with a stress fracture of the lateral cortex of the radius, likely caused by contractile forces of the supinator muscle, arising after his attempt to develop a new pitch...
September 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095655/efficacy-of-a-prevention-program-for-medial-elbow-injuries-in-youth-baseball-players
#15
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Tatsuhiro Suzuki, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu, Norikazu Hirose
BACKGROUND: Youth baseball players are at high risk for elbow injuries, which can lead to future functional disability. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention program to lower the risk of medial elbow injury in these athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Youth baseball players, 8 to 11 years old, without a history of elbow and shoulder pain, were allocated to either the intervention (n = 136) or control (n = 169) group...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083360/management-and-treatment-of-femoral-neck-stress-fractures-in-recreational-runners-a-report-of-four-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Carlo Biz, Antonio Berizzi, Alberto Crimì, Chiara Marcato, Giulia Trovarelli, Pietro Ruggieri
Femoral neck stress fractures (FNSFs) in healthy young subjects are uncommon and most prevalent among long-distance runners and military recruits. Women seem to be at higher risk of developing stress fractures because of possible eating disorders followed by amenorrhea and osteoporosis. This case report describes four young and middle-aged, active female recreational runners who developed stress fractures of the femoral neck. In three of them, with a clinical history of persistent pain in the groin region, which worsened during training, early diagnosis by MRI was considered essential in detecting the fractures...
October 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075200/neuromuscular-adaptations-to-multimodal-injury-prevention-programs-in-youth-sports-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Oliver Faude, Roland Rössler, Erich J Petushek, Ralf Roth, Lukas Zahner, Lars Donath
Objective: Neuromuscular injury prevention programs (IPP) can reduce injury rate by about 40% in youth sport. Multimodal IPP include, for instance, balance, strength, power, and agility exercises. Our systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of multimodal IPP on neuromuscular performance in youth sports. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search including selected search terms related to youth sports, injury prevention, and neuromuscular performance. Inclusion criteria were: (i) the study was a (cluster-)randomized controlled trial (RCT), and (ii) investigated healthy participants, up to 20 years of age and involved in organized sport, (iii) an intervention arm performing a multimodal IPP was compared to a control arm following a common training regime, and (iv) neuromuscular performance parameters (e...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065622/effects-of-two-fatigue-protocols-on-impact-forces-and-lower-extremity-kinematics-during-drop-landings-implications-for-noncontact-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#18
Rui Xia, Xini Zhang, Xi Wang, Xiaole Sun, Weijie Fu
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of fatigue on the impact forces and sagittal plane kinematics of the lower extremities in a drop landing task. 15 male collegiate athletes were recruited. Five successful trials of a drop landing task were obtained during prefatigue and postfatigue in two fatigue protocols (constant speed running fatigue protocol [R-FP] and shuttle running + vertical jumping fatigue protocol [SV-FP]). Duration time, maximal heart rate, and RPE of each protocol were measured separately...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065078/biomechanical-differences-of-multidirectional-jump-landings-among-female-basketball-and-soccer-players
#19
Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross, Terry A Ackerman, Sandra J Shultz
Taylor, JB, Ford, KR, Schmitz, RJ, Ross, SE, Ackerman, TA, and Shultz, SJ. Biomechanical differences of multidirectional jump landings among female basketball and soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 31(11): 3034-3045, 2017-Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs are less successful in basketball than soccer and may be due to distinct movement strategies that these athletes develop from sport-specific training. The purpose of this study was to identify biomechanical differences between female basketball and soccer players during multidirectional jump landings...
November 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064868/association-between-previous-injury-and-risk-factors-for-future-injury-in-preprofessional-ballet-and-contemporary-dancers
#20
Sarah J Kenny, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Qian Shi, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of self-reported 1-year injury history and examine its association with preparticipation evaluation components aimed at predicting future injury risk (PPE-IP) among preprofessional ballet and contemporary dancers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Preprofessional ballet school, university contemporary dance program. PARTICIPANTS: Full-time preprofessional ballet and contemporary dancers...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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