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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788071/educating-australian-musicians-are-we-playing-it-safe
#1
Suzanne Wijsman, Bronwen J Ackermann
The effectiveness of health promotion through arts engagement, and the health benefits and social importance of music in particular, are becoming increasingly recognized. However, like sport, music-making is an athletic endeavour, one that often involves high physiological and psychological loadings on the bodies and minds of musicians. Research over the past 30 years has revealed alarming rates of injury among musicians, and has identified health risk factors associated with music performance faced by professional and student musicians...
May 17, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780846/epidemiology-of-hip-and-groin-injuries-in-collegiate-athletes-in-the-united-states
#2
Yehuda E Kerbel, Christopher M Smith, John P Prodromo, Michael I Nzeogu, Mary K Mulcahey
Background: Hip and groin pain is a common complaint among athletes. Few studies have examined the epidemiology of hip and groin injuries in collegiate athletes across multiple sports. Purpose: To describe the rates, mechanisms, sex-based differences, and severity of hip/groin injuries across 25 collegiate sports. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: Data from the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years were obtained from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program (NCAA ISP)...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780842/the-nfl-s-chop-block-rule-change-does-it-prevent-knee-injuries-in-defensive-players
#3
Hayden P Baker, Antonios Varelas, Kevin Shi, Michael A Terry, Vehniah K Tjong
Background: The chop block, a football maneuver in which an offensive player blocks an opponent around the thigh while another offensive player engages the same opponent above the waist, was declared illegal by the National Football League (NFL) before the 2016-2017 season. Chop blocks have been hypothesized to be associated with medial collateral ligament and anterior cruciate ligament injury, especially in offensive/defensive linemen. Purpose: To quantify the impact that the chop-block rule change had on the incidence of knee injuries to defensive players in the NFL over 4 seasons (2014-2018)...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778829/a-qualitative-investigation-of-the-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-physical-activity-and-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-in-young-adults-3-10-years-after-an-intra-articular-knee-injury
#4
Allison M Ezzat, Mariana Brussoni, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To understand the influence of the injury experience on current attitudes and beliefs about physical activity (PA) and the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in youth and young adults 3-10 years after a sport-related knee injury. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: University Sports Medical/Research Center. PARTICIPANTS: 20 young adults 3-10 years subsequent to intra-articular knee injury...
May 4, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772188/hamstring-and-ankle-flexibility-deficits-are-weak-risk-factors-for-hamstring-injury-in-professional-soccer-players-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-438-players-including-78-injuries
#5
Nicol van Dyk, Abdulaziz Farooq, Roald Bahr, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries remain a significant injury burden in sports such as soccer that involve high-speed running. It has repeatedly been identified as the most common noncontact injury in elite male soccer, representing 12% of all injuries. As the incidence of hamstring injuries remains high, investigations are aimed at better understanding how to prevent hamstring injuries. Stretching to improve flexibility is commonly used in elite-level sports, but risk factor studies have reported contradicting results, leading to unclear conclusions regarding flexibility as a risk factor for hamstring injuries...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771139/it-s-a-hard-knock-life-game-load-fatigue-and-injury-risk-in-the-national-basketball-association
#6
Melanie Lewis
CONTEXT:   National Basketball Association (NBA) athletes experience a high rate of injuries. Injury prevention requires identifying observable and controllable risk factors. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the relationship among game load, fatigue, and injuries in NBA athletes. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Game statistics and injury reports over 3 NBA seasons (2012-2015). PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Data represented 627 players (height = 200...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760167/factors-associated-with-pain-and-osteoarthritis-at-the-hip-and-knee-in-great-britain-s-olympians-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Dale J Cooper, Brigitte E Scammell, Mark E Batt, Debbie Palmer
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the epidemiology and potentially modifiable factors associated with musculoskeletal disease is an important first step in injury prevention among elite athletes. AIM: This study investigated the prevalence and factors associated with pain and osteoarthritis (OA) at the hip and knee in Great Britain's (GB) Olympians aged 40 and older. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. A survey was distributed to 2742 GB Olympians living in 30 countries...
May 14, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757076/economic-evaluation-of-concussion-programs-in-the-state-of-idaho-the-collective-potential-of-prevention-and-clinical-care
#8
Susie Bergeron, Hilary Flint, Zeynep Hansen
Concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, especially among young children, teenagers, and young adults, is a significant problem in Ada County, Idaho, and the United States. Although much has been learned about concussion, considerable controversy and gaps in knowledge still exist in many areas of research, leading to variation in concussion assessment, treatment, and management protocols. Health systems can positively impact concussion outcomes through community education and outreach, and provision of timely, coordinated, evidence-based clinical care...
May 14, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747907/does-field-hockey-increase-morphofunctional-asymmetry-a-pilot-study
#9
M Krzykała, P Leszczyński, M Grześkowiak, T Podgórski, M Woźniewicz-Dobrzyńska, A Konarska, R Strzelczyk, J Lewandowski, J M Konarski
Common practice in field hockey requires athletes to adopt a semi-crouched posture, so players have a greater risk of musculoskeletal disorders than non-athletes. The aim of the present study was to assess how field hockey determines asymmetry in morphological and functional characteristics of the body by comparing athletes to control participants. The sample consisted of 15 male field hockey players from the Polish Youth National Team and 14 male university students. Antimeric differences in the chosen variables between body sub-regions were assessed...
March 27, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738281/epidemiology-of-figure-skating-injuries-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Julie S Han, Ellen T Geminiani, Lyle J Micheli
CONTEXT: As the popularity and technical demands of figure skating increase, so will the number of athletes presenting with sport-related problems. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Searches were performed across PubMed from 1980 to 2017. The keywords searched were skating, skaters, incidence, and injuries. The search was limited to English-language articles and human participants. Relevant articles were cross-referenced. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737024/a-meta-analysis-of-meta-analyses-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-reduction-training-programs
#11
Kate E Webster, Timothy E Hewett
Several meta-analyses have been published on the effectiveness of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention training programs to reduce ACL injury risk, with various degrees of risk reduction reported. The purpose of this research was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of overlapping meta-analyses evaluating the effectiveness of ACL injury prevention training programs so as to summarise the amount of reduction in risk for all ACL and non-contact ACL injuries into a single source, and determine if there were sex differences in the relative efficacy of ACL injury prevention training programs...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729757/editorial-commentary-don-t-forgot-the-hip-in-swimmers-and-multisport-athletes
#12
EDITORIAL
Merrick J Wetzler
Swimming results in significant and repetitive stress on the hip as well as other joints, and hip pain in swimmers should not be ignored. Stretching and strengthening are the mainstays of injury prevention, and recent literature supports that when indicated, femoroacetabular impingement surgical treatment in swimmers results in excellent outcomes including return to sport and frequently at a level of performance superior to pre-injury status.
May 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727359/implementation-of-injury-and-illness-surveillance-protocols-in-varsity-athletes
#13
Alexander Shand Davis Gamble, Margo Lynn Mountjoy, Jessica Lynne Bigg, Lawrence Leon Spriet
OBJECTIVE: To develop and implement a prospective varsity athlete surveillance system to identify injury and illness trends in a multisport varsity-level university setting. DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective surveillance study. SETTING: Varsity-level sport program at the University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Athletic therapists (ATs) (n = 35) from 17 varsity sports provided injury and illness information on 624 varsity-level athletes (381 men and 243 women) during the 2016/2017 competitive season...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726698/on-the-use-of-wearable-physiological-monitors-to-assess-heat-strain-during-occupational-heat-stress
#14
Sean R Notley, Andreas D Flouris, Glen P Kenny
Workers in many industries are required to perform arduous work in high heat stress conditions, which can lead to rapid increases in body temperature that elevate the risk of heat-related illness or even death. Traditionally, effort to mitigate work-related heat injury has been directed to the assessment of environmental heat stress (e.g., wet-bulb globe temperature), rather than the associated physiological strain responses (e.g., heart rate, skin and core temperatures). However, since a workers physiological response to a given heat stress is modified independently by inter-individual factors (e...
May 4, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704189/periodic-health-examination-and-injury-prediction-in-professional-football-soccer-theoretically-the-prognosis-is-good
#15
Tom Hughes, Jamie C Sergeant, Danielle A van der Windt, Richard Riley, Michael J Callaghan
In professional soccer and other elite sports, medical and performance screening of athletes (also termed periodic health examination or PHE) is common practice. The purposes of this are: (1) to assist in identifying prevalent conditions that may be a threat to safe participation, (2) to assist in setting benchmark targets for rehabilitation or performance purposes and (3) to assist clinicians in determining which athletes may be at risk of future injury and selecting appropriate injury prevention strategies to reduce the perceived risk...
April 27, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699823/accelerometer-based-prediction-of-running-injury-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-track-athletes
#16
Dovin Kiernan, David A Hawkins, Martin A C Manoukian, Madeline McKallip, Laura Oelsner, Charles F Caskey, Crystal L Coolbaugh
Running-related injuries (RRI) may result from accumulated microtrauma caused by combinations of high load magnitudes (vertical ground reaction forces; vGRFs) and numbers (strides). Yet relationships between vGRF and RRI remain unclear - potentially because previous research has largely been constrained to collecting vGRFs in laboratory settings and ignoring relationships between RRI and stride number. In this preliminary proof-of-concept study, we addressed these constraints: Over a 60-day period, each time collegiate athletes (n = 9) ran they wore a hip-mounted activity monitor that collected accelerations throughout the entire run...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687013/effects-of-game-pitch-count-and-body-mass-index-on-pitching-biomechanics-in-9-to-10-year-old-baseball-athletes
#17
Jim D Darke, Eshan M Dandekar, Arnel L Aguinaldo, Scott J Hazelwood, Stephen M Klisch
Background: Pitching while fatigued and body composition may increase the injury risk in youth and adult pitchers. However, the relationships between game pitch count, biomechanics, and body composition have not been reported for a study group restricted to 9- to 10-year-old athletes. Hypothesis: During a simulated game with 9- to 10-year-old athletes, (1) participants will experience biomechanical signs of fatigue, and (2) shoulder and elbow kinetics will correlate with body mass index (BMI)...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687011/incidence-of-elbow-ulnar-collateral-ligament-surgery-in-collegiate-baseball-players
#18
Marcus A Rothermich, Stan A Conte, Kyle T Aune, Glenn S Fleisig, E Lyle Cain, Jeffrey R Dugas
Background: Recent reports have highlighted the progressive increase in the incidence of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries to the elbow in baseball players of all levels. However, knowledge of the incidence and other epidemiological factors regarding UCL injuries, specifically in college baseball players, is currently lacking. Purpose: To evaluate, over a period of 1 year, the incidence of UCL injuries requiring surgery in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I baseball programs...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675749/evaluation-of-severe-and-fatal-injuries-in-extreme-and-contact-sports-an-international-multicenter-analysis
#19
Christian D Weber, Klemens Horst, Anthony R Nguyen, Rolf Lefering, Hans-Christoph Pape, Frank Hildebrand
PURPOSE: The participation in extreme and contact sports has grown internationally, despite the significant risk for major and multiple injuries. We conducted this multicenter study to evaluate sport-specific injury patterns and mechanisms, to characterize individuals at risk and to identify possible approaches for prevention. METHODS: We compared demographic data, severity and patterns of injuries; and the pre- and in-hospital management from an international population-based prospective trauma database (TraumaRegister DGU®)...
April 19, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674008/applying-systems-ergonomics-methods-in-sport-a-systematic-review
#20
Adam Hulme, Jason Thompson, Katherine L Plant, Gemma J M Read, Scott Mclean, Amanda Clacy, Paul M Salmon
INTRODUCTION: As sports systems become increasingly more complex, competitive, and technology-centric, there is a greater need for systems ergonomics methods to consider the performance, health, and safety of athletes in context with the wider settings in which they operate. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to identify and critically evaluate studies which have applied a systems ergonomics research approach in the context of sports performance and injury management...
April 16, 2018: Applied Ergonomics
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