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Biopsychosocial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219133/caregiver-burden-on-wives-of-substance-dependent-husbands-and-its-correlates-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-northern-india
#1
Bharat Singh Shekhawat, Shreyance Jain, Hariom Kumar Solanki
BACKGROUND: Substance dependence is well recognized as a complex biopsychosocial phenomenon. Complications arising out of it not only impairs life of substance-dependent patient but also causes enormous burden on their caregivers. Little attention has been paid to the relationship between caregiver burden and substance use. OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to assess and compare the quantum of burden on wives of alcohol and heroin-dependent patients and also to determine the correlation between sociodemographic factors and caregiver burden...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214929/-for-me-pressure-at-school-is-the-most-relevant-in-my-life-empirical-based-implications-for-life-world-orientation-in-health-promotion-at-school
#2
Anna Lena Rademaker
"For me, Pressure at School is the Most Relevant in my Life" - Empirical Based Implications for Life World Orientation in Health Promotion at School School is a key system that supports all processes of adolescent development. Next to qualification, as one part of personality development, all developmental tasks of adolescence can take place within the school environment, through close interplay. This interplay both influences, and is influenced by young people's health which is essential to promote adolescent development and foster wellbeing in everyday life for young people...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211157/social-protection-and-public-policy-for-vulnerable-populations-an-assessment-of-the-continuous-cash-benefit-program-of-welfare-in-brazil
#3
Cristina Maria Rabelais Duarte, Miguel Abud Marcelino, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Patrícia de Moraes Mello Boccolini
This paper describes the historical development and profile of Continuous Cash Benefit (BPC) applicants, intended for poor elderly and people with disabilities, which, since 2009, uses eligibility criteria based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) of the WHO and is aligned with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The behavior of benefits was determined from the analysis the coefficients of the general and non-judicial grants between 1998 and 2014...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210455/examining-differentiation-of-self-as-a-mediator-in-the-biobehavioral-family-model
#4
Jacob B Priest
The Biobehavioral Family Model (BBFM) is a biopsychosocial model of health. This model proposes that biobehavioral reactivity mediates the association between the family emotional climate and disease activity. To improve the clinical relevance of the BBFM, variables that mediate the association between family emotional climate and biobehavioral reactivity need to be tested. This study examined differentiation of self as a mediator. Using data from the Midlife Development in the United States study (n = 854), results suggested that differentiation of self mediated the association between the family and intimate partner emotional climate and mental health symptoms...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209517/clinical-course-and-recommendations-for-patients-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-and-subsequent-reconstruction-a-narrative-review
#5
Alli Gokeler, Bart Dingenen, Caroline Mouton, Romain Seil
Almost all athletes who have suffered an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury expect a full return to sports at the same pre-injury level after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). Detailed patient information on the reasonable outcomes of the surgery may be essential to improve patient satisfaction.Pre-operative rehabilitation before ACLR should be considered as an addition to the standard of care to maximise functional outcomes after ACLR.We propose an optimised criterion-based rehabilitation programme within a biopsychosocial framework...
October 2017: EFORT Open Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207884/mental-health-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-assessment-and-intervention
#6
Rachel Kronick
With unprecedented numbers of displaced persons worldwide, mental health clinicians in high-income countries will increasingly encounter refugee and asylum-seeking patients, many of whom have experienced significant adversity before and after their migration. This paper presents a summary of the recent evidence on the assessment and treatment of refugees across their lifespan to inform clinicians' approaches to care of refugee patients in mental health care settings. Assessment and interventions for refugees are grounded in an ecosystemic approach which considers not only pre-migratory trauma, but social, familial, and cultural determinants of mental health in the host country...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206059/efficacy-of-an-intervention-programme-for-rehabilitation-of-awareness-of-deficit-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-pilot-study
#7
Dolores Villalobos, Álvaro Bilbao, Alfonso Espejo, Javier García-Pacios
BACKGROUND: Impaired Awareness of Deficit (AD) is a frequent symptom after suffering acquired brain injury (ABI) that severely influences patients' daily lives. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Pilot study to assess the effectiveness of a structured intervention programme which was developed from a biopsychosocial approach, and relied on common therapeutic strategies of proven effectiveness. METHODS: We assessed the effectiveness of our intervention on a sample of 60 patients with ABI, 30 of whom received the specific AD intervention programme, while the other 30 followed an equivalent rehabilitation approach where they received no specific intervention on AD...
December 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200559/a-comparative-study-of-factors-associated-with-relapse-in-alcohol-dependence-and-opioid-dependence
#8
Maithili Kadam, Ankita Sinha, Swateja Nimkar, Yusuf Matcheswalla, Avinash De Sousa
Background: Alcohol and opiates are among the most addictive substances posing significant public health problems due to the biopsychosocial impact that they have on individuals. Research shows that majority of abstinent alcohol and/or opioid dependence subjects relapse within 1 year. It has also been estimated that 26-36 million people worldwide abuse opiates, with exceptionally high-relapse rates. The purpose of this study was to compare the sociodemographic factors and correlates relapse in alcohol dependence and opioid dependence...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200558/development-and-preliminary-testing-of-the-biopsychosocial-prognosis-scale-for-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#9
Meena Hariharan, Marlyn Thomas, Suvashisa Rana
Background: The present study attempted to develop a self-report scale called Biopsychosocial Prognosis Scale for Coronary Artery Bypass grafting (BIPROSCAB) that measured patients' prognosis in an integrated manner, a month after they had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Method: The development and preliminary testing of the psychometric properties of BIPROSCAB followed five phases involving 450 patients in total. Results: Findings gave rise to a 25-item scale which was subjected to an exploratory factor analysis using principal component analysis with varimax rotation...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199096/sexual-recovery-following-prostate-cancer-recommendations-from-2%C3%A2-established-canadian-sexual-rehabilitation-clinics
#10
REVIEW
Stacy Elliott, Andrew Matthew
INTRODUCTION: Supportive sexual health care is much-needed adjuvant care to oncologic management for men with prostate cancer (PCa). AIM: To inspire the initiation of biopsychosocial sexual health programming where it does not exist and to inform program enhancement in existing sexual rehabilitation clinics (SRCs). METHODS: This article reviews the combined 30-year experience of 2 well-established Canadian SRCs for men and their partners after PCa treatments, interwoven with empirical evidence...
November 30, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198504/female-sexual-dysfunction-medical-and-psychological-treatments-committee-14
#11
Sheryl A Kingsberg, Stanley Althof, James A Simon, Andrea Bradford, Johannes Bitzer, Joana Carvalho, Kathryn E Flynn, Rossella E Nappi, Jennifer B Reese, Roya L Rezaee, Leslie Schover, Jan L Shifrin
INTRODUCTION: Since the millennium we have witnessed significant strides in the science and treatment of female sexual dysfunction (FSD). This forward progress has included (i) the development of new theoretical models to describe healthy and dysfunctional sexual responses in women; (ii) alternative classification strategies of female sexual disorders; (iii) major advances in brain, hormonal, psychological, and interpersonal research focusing on etiologic factors and treatment approaches; (iv) strong and effective public advocacy for FSD; and (v) greater educational awareness of the impact of FSD on the woman and her partner...
December 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198199/secular-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-major-and-subthreshold-depression-among-55-64-year-olds-over-20-years
#12
Hans W Jeuring, Hannie C Comijs, Dorly J H Deeg, Max L Stek, Martijn Huisman, Aartjan T F Beekman
BACKGROUND: Studying secular trends in the exposure to risk and protective factors of depression and whether these trends are associated with secular trends in the prevalence of depression is important to estimate future healthcare demands and to identify targets for prevention. METHODS: Three birth cohorts of 55-64-year olds from the population-based Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam were examined using identical methods in 1992 (n = 944), 2002 (n = 964) and 2012 (n = 957)...
December 4, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197535/driving-under-the-influence-behaviours-among-high-school-students-who-mix-alcohol-with-energy-drinks
#13
Maria N Wilson, Tammy Cumming, Robin Burkhalter, Donald B Langille, Rachel Ogilvie, Mark Asbridge
Alcohol and energy drinks are commonly used substances by youth in Canada, and are often mixed (AmED). While several studies have shown that AmED can have dangerous effects, less well understood is how AmED is associated with driving under the influence of either alcohol or drugs. This study sought to determine whether youth who use AmED were more likely to engage in driving, or being a passenger of a driver, under the influence of alcohol or cannabis compared to youth who use either alcohol or energy drinks alone...
November 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191116/december-2017-letter-to-the-editor-in-chief
#14
(no author information available yet)
Letter to the Editor-in-Chief of JOSPT as follows: "The Wider View of Biopsychosocial Models" with Authors' Response J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(12):972-973. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017.0207.
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190571/patterns-and-predictors-of-pain-following-lung-transplantation
#15
Julia M Farquhar, Patrick J Smith, Laurie Snyder, Alice L Gray, John M Reynolds, James A Blumenthal
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine variability in pain levels following lung transplantation, and examine individual biopsychosocial factors influencing changes in pain. METHOD: We performed a retrospective study of a cohort of 150 patients transplanted and discharged from Duke University Hospital between January 2015 and September 2016. During hospitalization and at clinic visits up to two months after discharge, subjective pain ratings were obtained using a 0-10 Numeric Rating Scale...
November 21, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186635/identification-of-indirect-effects-in-a-cognitive-patient-education-cope-intervention-for-low-back-pain
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gemma Mansell, Kjersti Storheim, Ida Løchting, Erik L Werner, Margreth Grotle
Background: Many interventions for the treatment of low back pain exist, but the mechanisms through which such treatments work are not always clear. This situation is especially true for biopsychosocial interventions that incorporate several different components and methods of delivery. Objective: The study objective was to examine the indirect effects of the Cognitive Patient Education (COPE) intervention via illness perceptions, back pain myths, and pain catastrophizing on disability outcome...
December 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185624/the-effect-of-adapted-sports-in-quality-of-life-and-biopsychosocial-profile-of-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Luzanira Correia Feitosa, Sandra Regina Baggio Muzzolon, Danielle Caldas Bufara Rodrigues, Ana Chrystina de Souza Crippa, Marise Bueno Zonta
OBJECTIVE: The participation in sports and recreational activities promotes inclusion and the quality of life (QOL) for people with some type of disability. This study aims to evaluate and describe the effect of adapted sports (AS) on the QOL and biopsychosocial profile of children/adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Forty-seven children/adolescents with CP were evaluated and referred to AS (soccer and swimming). The QOL was evaluated by the Pediatric Outcome Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) and the biopsychosocial profile by the Behavior Checklist for Children/Adolescents (CBCL)...
October 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182603/a-psychosocial-approach-to-female-genital-pain
#18
REVIEW
Marieke Dewitte, Charmaine Borg, Lior Lowenstein
Genital pain is a prevalent, complex, and disabling health concern in women. Efforts to study this chronic pain condition have been complicated by the fact that genital pain is heterogeneous and exists at the intersection of different biopsychosocial disciplines. Thus, organization of theoretical ideas and empirical findings across research areas is required to improve our understanding of how biopsychosocial factors affect the development and maintenance of the pain, the reporting of symptoms, and the choice of treatment...
November 28, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172766/black-deaths-matter-race-relationship-loss-and-effects-on-survivors
#19
Debra Umberson
Close relationships are a resource for mental and physical health that, like other social resources, is unequally distributed in the population. This article focuses on racial disparities in the loss of relationships across the life course. Racial disparities in life expectancy in the United States mean that black Americans experience the deaths of more friends and family members than do white Americans from childhood through later life. I argue that these losses are a unique type of stress and adversity that, through interconnected biopsychosocial pathways, contribute to disadvantage in health over the life course...
December 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170760/the-long-reach-of-early-adversity-parenting-stress-and-neural-pathways-to-antisocial-behavior-in-adulthood
#20
Arianna M Gard, Rebecca Waller, Daniel S Shaw, Erika E Forbes, Ahmad R Hariri, Luke W Hyde
Background: Early life adversities including harsh parenting, maternal depression, neighborhood deprivation, and low family economic resources are more prevalent in low-income urban environments and are potent predictors of psychopathology, including, for boys, antisocial behavior (AB). However, little research has examined how these stressful experiences alter later neural function. Moreover, identifying genetic markers of greater susceptibility to adversity is critical to understanding biopsychosocial pathways from early adversity to later psychopathology...
October 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
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