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Biopsychosocial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676966/an-alternative-perspective-on-assistive-technology-the-person-environment-tool-pet-model
#1
Gustav Jarl, Lars-Olov Lundqvist
The medical and social models of disability are based on a dichotomy that categorizes people as able-bodied or disabled. In contrast, the biopsychosocial model, which forms the basis for the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), suggests a universalistic perspective on human functioning, encompassing all human beings. In this article we argue that the artificial separation of function-enhancing technology into assistive technology (AT) and mainstream technology might be one of the barriers to a universalistic view of human functioning...
April 20, 2018: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672748/biopsychosocial-profiles-and-functional-correlates-in-older-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-preliminary-study
#2
Debra K Weiner, Angela Gentili, Katherine Coffey-Vega, Natalia Morone, Michelle Rossi, Subashan Perera
Objective: To describe key peripheral and central nervous system (CNS) conditions in a group of older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and their association with pain severity and self-reported and performance-based physical function. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Outpatient VA clinics. Subjects: Forty-seven community-dwelling veterans with CLBP (age 68.0 ± 6.5 years, range = 60-88 years, 12.8% female, 66% white) participated...
April 16, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672165/beat-the-street-a-pilot-evaluation-of-a-community-wide-gamification-based-physical-activity-intervention
#3
Marc Ashley Harris
OBJECTIVE: There is a plethora of published research reporting the wealth and breadth of biopsychosocial benefits of physical activity; however, a recent Cochrane systematic review concluded insufficient evidence for current population level physical activity interventions, citing scalability as a major contributory factor, with many of the interventions failing to reach a substantial proportion of the community. The current study aimed to conduct a pilot evaluation of a technology-enabled, gamification-based intervention called Beat the Street and sought to examine the impact of the Beat the Street intervention on self-reported physical activity...
April 19, 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671085/-gerontopsychosomatic-consultation-liaison-service-in-inpatient-acute-geriatrics-effects-of-trust-and-support-on-patient-nurse-interaction
#4
REVIEW
Reinhard Lindner
BACKGROUND: Geriatric and psychosomatic medicine follow a biopsychosocial paradigm. Despite this similar "Menschenbild" in general, collaboration between geriatrics and psychosomatics is still rare. OBJECTIVES: This comparative interventional study aims to find possible effects of psychosomatic work in geriatrics on the interaction between patients and nursing staff and contentment of patients with treatment in general. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the period of one year 238 geriatric patients (return rate 22...
April 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670003/stress-and-alterations-in-the-pain-matrix-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-on-back-pain-and-its-prevention-and-treatment
#5
Pia-Maria Wippert, Christine Wiebking
The genesis of chronic pain is explained by a biopsychosocial model. It hypothesizes an interdependency between environmental and genetic factors provoking aberrant long-term changes in biological and psychological regulatory systems. Physiological effects of psychological and physical stressors may play a crucial role in these maladaptive processes. Specifically, long-term demands on the stress response system may moderate central pain processing and influence descending serotonergic and noradrenergic signals from the brainstem, regulating nociceptive processing at the spinal level...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669442/experiences-of-nursing-home-staff-using-the-targeted-interdisciplinary-model-for-evaluation-and-treatment-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-time-a-qualitative-study
#6
Bjørn Lichtwarck, Janne Myhre, Alka R Goyal, Anne Marie Mork Rokstad, Geir Selbaek, Øyvind Kirkevold, Sverre Bergh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in dementia pose great challenges for residents and staff in nursing homes. The Targeted Interdisciplinary Model for Evaluation and Treatment of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms (TIME) has recently in a randomized controlled trial demonstrated reductions in NPS. We explored the participating staff's experiences with the model and how it meets the challenges when dealing with the complexity of NPS. METHODS: Three to six months after the end of the intervention, we interviewed 32 of the caregivers, leaders, and physicians participating in the trial, in five focus groups...
April 19, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669085/reducing-opioid-use-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-an-evidence-based-perspective
#7
Sarah Wenger, Jason Drott, Rebecca Fillipo, Alyssa Findlay, Amanda Genung, Jessica Heiden, Joke Bradt
The implementation of recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations to move away from opioids and toward nonpharmacological therapies for the treatment of chronic pain could involve a difficult transition period for patients and practitioners. The focus of treatment should shift from eliminating pain completely to minimizing the impact of pain on quality of life. Many patients with chronic pain take opioids either because opioids were previously prescribed as a first-line treatment for chronic pain, on the basis of old standards of care, or because opioids were initially prescribed for acute pain...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668312/-at-my-age-%C3%A2-defining-sexual-wellness-in-mid-and-later-life
#8
Maggie L Syme, Tracy J Cohn, Sydney Stoffregen, Hanna Kaempfe, Desiree Schippers
Sexual wellness is integral to quality of life across the life span, despite ageist stereotypes suggesting sexual expression ends at midlife. However, conceptualizing sexual wellness in mid- and later life is complicated by a dysfunction-based narrative, lack of a sex-positive aging framework, and existing measures that are age irrelevant and limited in scope. This study aimed to address these limitations by providing a conceptualization of sexual wellness grounded in definitions from midlife and older adults...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668145/-lost-in-transition-crossed-looks-on-the-18-25-years-old
#9
Sarah Depallens, Yusuke Leo Takeuchi, Katherine Roberts
Social determinants have an impact on patients' access to care and on their health at any age. Young adults are a population at risk of being affected in their health because of a lack of social protection or unavailability of healthcare system adapted to their specific needs. Primary healthcare providers need to identify that window of social vulnerability in order to avoid a discontinuation in healthcare and to prevent biopsychosocial co-morbidity leading to ongoing consequences on their health.
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667326/total-glossolaryngectomy-cohort-study-n-25-survival-function-and-quality-of-life
#10
Yasmine Kamhieh, Hannah Fox, Sarah Healy, Emma Hallett, Stuart Quine, David Owens, Alun Tomkinson, Cellan Thomas, David Smith, Duncan Ingrams, Carl Passant, Laysan Pope, Connor Marnane, Sandeep Berry
Glossolaryngectomy is a major operation with significant biopsychosocial implications. Outcome data in the literature is limited. This study reports the overall survival rate (68% at 1 year) and functional outcomes. Despite the significant psychological impact of the lack of speech, all interviewed patients were glad they had had the operation. We argue based on these results that glossolaryngectomy remains an important option for certain motivated patients with limited treatment alternatives. This article is protected by copyright...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665122/impact-of-untreated-dental-caries-on-the-quality-of-life-of-brazilian-children-population-based-study
#11
Sâmara Luciana de Andrade Lima, Caroline Chavier Pereira Santana, Marco Aurélio Benini Paschoal, Saul Martins Paiva, Meire Coelho Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The assessment of oral health should consider clinical and biopsychosocial aspects. AIM: To evaluate the impact of untreated dental caries on the quality of life of children. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 647 Brazilian children. The Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10 ) and the 'oral health' global indicator were administered to the children and used as the outcomes. Parents answered a general questionnaire, and oral clinical examinations were performed...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662961/biopsychosocial-view-to-pseudocyesis-a-narrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Marzieh Azizi, Forouzan Elyasi
Background: Pseudocyesis is a psychopathological clinical syndrome in which a non-pregnant woman firmly believes herself to be pregnant and manifests many symptoms and signs of pregnancy. Although the exact etiology of pseudocyesis has not been determined. Objective: This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the biopsychosocial view to pseudocyesis. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search in electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted between 1943-2016 to retrieve pseudocyesis related articles...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661136/effects-of-a-community-health-promotion-program-on-social-factors-in-a-vulnerable-older-adult-population-residing-in-social-housing
#13
Gina Agarwal, Madison Brydges
BACKGROUND: Supporting older adults' health and wellbeing in the community is an important policy goal that can be supported by health promotion. Despite widespread acceptance of the biopsychosocial model of health and its relation to health, many health promotion programs fail to realize this model in program design. Further, there is limited evidence to support program design targeting social determinants of health such as social isolation or connectedness. To fill this gap, we aimed to understand older adult's experiences participating in cardiovascular health promotion program in a subsidized residential building to capture unintended 'spin-off' psychosocial effects...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660743/-rehabilitation-after-multiple-trauma
#14
Stefan Simmel
Many polytrauma patients report significant long-term impairments to their physical and mental health, resulting in a reduction of their quality of life. In addition to the obvious physical accident sequences, psychological influences and the individual context factors pose special challenges to the rehabilitation team and the infrastructure of the facility. Professional reintegration and chronic pain are particularly common problems in the trauma rehabilitation. The central task of rehabilitation after accidents is the restoration or substantial improvement of the functional health and thus the reintegration into the social and professional environment...
April 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656674/psycho-social-approach-of-perinatal-palliative-care
#15
Barthélémy Tosello, Lionel Dany
The diagnosis of some of these antenatal pathologies is difficult to reconcile with post-natal survival. Indeed, the diagnosis and management of pregnancies complicated by lethal fetal abnormalities (LFA) pose a challenge for both the parents and the clinicians. The practices discussed are characterized by the multiple challenges involved (on professional, informational, human, and ethical levels) and question the necessity and validity of a multidisciplinary approach. Revealing professional experiences and practices and the biopsychosocial processes behind them could prove useful in advancing attitudes toward LFA, how it is managed, and the care options available...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655971/predictive-validity-and-gender-differences-in-a-biopsychosocial-model-of-violence-risk-assessment-in-acute-psychiatry
#16
Bjørn Magne S Eriksen, Ann Færden, Øyvind Lockertsen, Stål Bjørkly, John Olav Roaldset
Current violence risk assessment methods seem to have reached an upper limit of accuracy. More comprehensive biopsychosocial models may improve on existing methods. Research on gender differences concerning risk factors of violence is scarce and inconclusive. In this prospective study from an acute psychiatric ward, all patients admitted from March 2012 to March 2013 were included. Predictive validity and potential gender differences in a biopsychosocial model of violence risk assessment consisting of a psychosocial checklist (Violence risk screening-10, V-RISK-10), a patient's self-report risk scale (SRS), total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) were examined in an inpatient (N = 348) and a 3-months follow-up (N = 101) sample...
April 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650073/the-clinical-examination-and-socially-at-risk-populations-the-examination-matters-for-health-disparities
#17
REVIEW
Karly A Murphy, Alejandra Ellison-Barnes, Erica N Johnson, Lisa A Cooper
Data from the United States show that persons from low socioeconomic backgrounds, those who are socially isolated, belong to racial or ethnic minority groups, or identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender experience health disparities at a higher rate. Clinicians must transition from a biomedical to a biopsychosocial framework within the clinical examination to better address social determinants of health that contribute to health disparities. We review the characteristics of successful patient-clinician interactions...
May 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649515/a-biopsychosocial-model-of-body-image-disordered-eating-and-breastfeeding-among-postpartum-women
#18
Rachel F Rodgers, Jennifer L O'Flynn, Althea Bourdeau, Emily Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to test a biopsychosocial model of body image, eating, and feeding attitudes among postpartum women. Specifically, the model predicted that desired weight-loss, depressive symptoms, and body surveillance would predict body dissatisfaction and appearance-related barriers to breastfeeding, which in turn would predict maternal disordered eating and breastfeeding self-efficacy. METHODS: Data from 151 women, mean age = 32...
April 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628804/a-preliminary-study-of-chiropractors-beliefs-about-biomedical-and-biopsychosocial-pain-a-survey-of-university-of-western-states-alumni
#19
Suzanne D Lady, Mitchell Haas, Ryan Takagi, Leslie Takaki
Objective: The purpose of this preliminary study was to investigate differences between doctors of chiropractic with respect to their preference for the biomedical or biopsychosocial attitude and belief models. Methods: Alumni of the University of Western States doctor of chiropractic program were asked to complete an online survey that included the Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale for Physiotherapists. This scale yields a biomedical score (10-60 scale) and a biopsychosocial score (9-54 scale)...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611872/the-dresden-burnout-study-protocol-of-a-prospective-cohort-study-for-the-bio-psychological-investigation-of-burnout
#20
Marlene Penz, Magdalena K Wekenborg, Lars Pieper, Katja Beesdo-Baum, Andreas Walther, Robert Miller, Tobias Stalder, Clemens Kirschbaum
OBJECTIVES: The Dresden Burnout Study (DBS) is a 12-year longitudinal cohort study that aims to provide a description of the burnout syndrome on the basis of time and symptom criteria with a special focus on the search for biomarkers. Biological and psychosocial approaches are applied to examine the long-term course and consequences of burnout within a population-based German-speaking sample aged 18 to 68 years. METHODS: Demographics and psychosocial data are generated by online assessments, including demographics and questionnaires on burnout, burnout-related constructs, work-environment, and health-related factors...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
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