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Biopsychosocial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346605/does-including-public-health-students-on-interprofessional-teams-increase-attainment-of-interprofessional-practice-competencies
#1
Pamela Ann Duffy, Julie A Ronnebaum, Teri A Stumbo, Kari Nies Smith, Rachel A Reimer
CONTEXT: Interprofessional education (IPE) creates dynamic experiential learning that can address social determinants of health that influence health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of including public health students on IPE teams on the interprofessional practice domain constructs (values/ethics, roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication, and teams and teamwork). METHODS: This single-case, mixed-methods study was performed using a grounded theory approach...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345427/emotional-freedom-techniques-eft-as-a-practice-for-supporting-chronic-disease-healthcare-a-practitioners-perspective
#2
Mahima Kalla, Margaret Simmons, Anske Robinson, Peta Stapleton
PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to explore Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) practitioners' experiences of using EFT to support chronic disease patients. This was part of a larger study exploring chronic disease patients' and EFT practitioners' experiences of using EFT to support chronic disease healthcare. METHODS: A qualitative approach was deemed suitable for this study. Eight practitioners were interviewed using semi-structured interviews via telephone or Zoom (an online video-conferencing platform)...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343440/early-interventions-to-promote-work-participation-in-people-with-regional-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Andy Cochrane, Niamh M Higgins, Oliver FitzGerald, Pamela Gallagher, Jennifer Ashton, Oriel Corcoran, Deirdre Desmond
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of early multidisciplinary interventions in promoting work participation and reducing work absence in adults with regional musculoskeletal pain. DATA SOURCES: Seven databases (CENTRAL, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, OT Seeker, PEDro; 1990 to December 2016) were searched for eligible studies. REVIEW METHODS: Trials were included if they reported on work-based outcomes for participants experiencing difficulties at work or ≤ three months' sick leave...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343414/zika-virus-and-pregnant-women-a-psychological-approach
#4
Juliana Fernandes Filgueiras Meireles, Clara Mockdece Neves, Fabiane Frota da Rocha Morgado, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
Zika virus presents risk of physical harm to pregnant women, but the fear of infection is also affecting women around the world. There is a gap in the research on Zika virus in the areas involving the impact on the psychosocial well-being of pregnant women. Therefore, this study is aimed at the investigation of the psychosocial adjustment of pregnant women to the risks of Zika virus infection during pregnancy. We investigated 14 pregnant women who were classified in three different groups: six in the first trimester, five in the second trimester and three in the third trimester, aged from 28 to 40 years (33...
March 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339330/-clinical-biopsychosocial-physiotherapy-assessment-of-patients-with-chronic-pain-the-first-step-in-pain-neuroscience-education-by-amarins-j-wijma-et-al-2016
#5
Rob A B Oostendorp, Hans Elvers, Emilia Mikolajewska, Marjan Laekeman, Emiel van Trijffel, Han Samwel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337689/managing-chronic-pain-in-primary-care-it-really-does-take-a-village
#6
Karen Seal, William Becker, Jennifer Tighe, Yongmei Li, Tessa Rife
Some healthcare systems are relieving primary care providers (PCPs) of "the burden" of managing chronic pain and opioid prescribing, instead offloading chronic pain management to pain specialists. Last year the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended a biopsychosocial approach to pain management that discourages opioid use and promotes exercise therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and non-opioid medications as first-line patient-centered, multi-modal treatments best delivered by an interdisciplinary team...
March 23, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329860/modeling-intraindividual-dynamics-using-stochastic-differential-equations-age-differences-in-affect-regulation
#7
Julie Wood, Zita Oravecz, Nina Vogel, Lizbeth Benson, Sy-Miin Chow, Pamela Cole, David E Conroy, Aaron L Pincus, Nilam Ram
Objectives: Life-span theories of aging suggest improvements and decrements in individuals' ability to regulate affect. Dynamic process models, with intensive longitudinal data, provide new opportunities to articulate specific theories about individual differences in intraindividual dynamics. This paper illustrates a method for operationalizing affect dynamics using a multilevel stochastic differential equation (SDE) model, and examines how those dynamics differ with age and trait-level tendencies to deploy emotion regulation strategies (reappraisal and suppression)...
March 2, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319979/patient-experience-a-critical-indicator-of-healthcare-performance
#8
Pamela H Guler
Patient experience has become a critical differentiator for healthcare organizations, and it will only grow in importance as transparency and consumerism dominate the healthcare landscape. Creating and sustaining a consistently exceptional experience that promotes patient engagement and the best outcomes is far more than just "satisfying" patients, going well beyond amenities that may be provided.Perception of care experience is often shaped by methods we use to address the biopsychosocial needs of patients...
April 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315479/biopsychosocial-influence-on-shoulder-pain-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-pre-clinical-trial
#9
Steven Z George, Roland Staud, Paul A Borsa, Samuel S Wu, Margaret R Wallace, Warren H Greenfield, Lauren N Mackie, Roger B Fillingim
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions are a prevalent and disabling problem. Preventing chronic musculoskeletal pain requires multifactorial treatment approaches that address its complex etiology. Prior cohort studies identified a high risk subgroup comprised of variation in COMT genotype and pain catastrophizing. This subgroup had increased chance of heightened pain responses (in a pre-clinical model) and higher 12month post-operatives pain intensity ratings (in a clinical model)...
March 14, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302034/co-morbid-erectile-dysfunction-ed-and-antidepressant-treatment-in-a-patient-a-management-challenge
#10
Maszaidi Zainol, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Shaiful Ismail, Muhammad Hizri Hatta, Najwa Baharudin, Arun Ravindran
Across the globe, antidepressants (AD) and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE-5i) are commonly prescribed psychopharmacological agents for patients with co-morbid mental-health problem and sexual dysfunction (SD). The serotonergic and/or noradrenergic ADs, although is an effective agent are not without SD side-effects, especially erectile dysfunction (ED). ED is an inability to achieve, or maintain an erection for satisfactory sexual intercourse during the phases of male's sexual arousal. It is recognized as an important reason why non-adherence to treatment was observed in patients who are on AD...
March 15, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301432/patient-reported-outcomes-of-quality-of-life-functioning-and-gi-psychiatric-symptom-severity-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ibd
#11
Waguih W IsHak, Dana Pan, Alexander J Steiner, Edward Feldman, Amy Mann, James Mirocha, Itai Danovitch, Gil Y Melmed
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at risk for psychiatric disorders that impact symptom experience and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Therefore, comprehensive biopsychosocial assessments should be considered in ambulatory care settings. Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) measures created by the National Institutes of Health have shown construct validity in a large IBD internet-based cohort, but their validity in ambulatory settings has not been examined...
March 15, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299791/prospective-pilot-study-of-the-mastering-each-new-direction-psychosocial-family-systems-program-for-pediatric-chronic-illness
#12
Brian Distelberg, Daniel Tapanes, Natacha D Emerson, Whitney N Brown, Deepti Vaswani, Jackie Williams-Reade, Ara M Anspikian, Susanne Montgomery
Psychosocial interventions for pediatric chronic illness (CI) have been shown to support health management. Interventions that include a family systems approach offer potentially stronger and more sustainable improvements. This study explores the biopsychosocial benefits of a novel family systems psychosocial intervention (MEND: Mastering Each New Direction). Forty-five families participated in a 21-session intensive outpatient family systems-based program for pediatric CI. Within this single arm design, families were measured on five domains of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) self-report measures; Stress, Cognitive Functioning, Mental Health, Child HRQL, Family Functioning...
March 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291469/use-of-the-pain-assessment-screening-tool-and-outcomes-registry-in-an-army-interdisciplinary-pain-management-center-lessons-learned-and-future-implications-of-a-10-month-beta-test
#13
Diane M Flynn, Karon Cook, Michael Kallen, Chester Buckenmaier, Ricke Weickum, Teresa Collins, Ashley Johnson, Dawn Morgan, Kevin Galloway, Kristin Joltes
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. Army Comprehensive Pain Management Campaign Plan was launched in 2010 to improve pain outcomes in military populations. Interdisciplinary Pain Management Centers (IPMCs) were established at every Army medical center, each offering a robust array of treatment options including conventional and complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) pain management therapies. The Pain Assessment Screening Tool and Outcomes Registry (PASTOR) was developed to assess and track biopsychosocial aspects of pain management and to identify best treatment practices...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285579/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-fall-events-among-older-african-americans
#14
Emily Joy Nicklett, Robert Joseph Taylor, Ola Rostant, Kimson E Johnson, Linnea Evans
This study identifies risk and protective factors for falls among older, community-dwelling African Americans. Drawing upon the biopsychosocial perspective, we conducted a series of sex- and age-adjusted multinomial logistic regression analyses to identify the correlates of fall events among older African Americans. Our sample consisted of 1,442 community-dwelling African Americans aged 65 and older, participating in the 2010-2012 rounds of the Health and Retirement Study. Biophysical characteristics associated with greater relative risk of experiencing single and/or multiple falls included greater functional limitations, poorer self-rated health, poorer self-rated vision, chronic illnesses (high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, lung disease, heart problems, stroke, and arthritis), greater chronic illness comorbidity, older age, and female sex...
April 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283812/behavioral-treatments-for-post-traumatic-headache
#15
REVIEW
Felicia Fraser, Yuka Matsuzawa, Yuen Shan Christine Lee, Mia Minen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a common headache type after traumatic brain injury (TBI). There are no FDA approved medications for PTH, and it is unknown how medications can affect the brain's ability to recover from TBI. Thus, we sought to examine the biopsychosocial factors that influence PTH and the non-pharmacologic treatments studied for headache treatment. We also sought to determine if there is literature examining whether the non-pharmacologic treatments influence the biopsychosocial factors...
May 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274325/consent-for-the-diagnosis-of-preclinical-dementia-states-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Julian C Hughes, Thomas A Ingram, Aron Jarvis, Elise Denton, Zoe Lampshire, Cathy Wernham
It is now possible to detect the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) many years before symptoms and signs otherwise become manifest. Biomarkers of disease include evidence of amyloid and tau in the cerebrospinal fluid and neuroimaging which (for instance) allows amyloid in the brain to be visualized. There is, thus, a preclinical state in which it is possible to identify Alzheimer's pathology long before there is clinical evidence of disease. Much research focuses on this preclinical state because it seems likely that treatments will be more effective before the disease is established...
April 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274109/what-is-new-in-rome-iv
#17
REVIEW
Max J Schmulson, Douglas Arnold Drossman
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are diagnosed and classified using the Rome criteria; the criteria may change over time as new scientific data emerge. The Rome IV was released in May 2016. The aim is to review the main changes in Rome IV. FGIDs are now called disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBI). Rome IV has a multicultural rather than a Western-culture focus. There are new chapters including multicultural, age-gender-women's health, intestinal microenvironment, biopsychosocial, and centrally mediated disorders...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271965/application-of-salutogenic-concept-in-social-work-with-diabetic-patients
#18
Alena Voseckova, Zuzana Truhlarova, Jana Levicka, Blanka Klimova, Kamil Kuca
In the context of salutogenesis, coping with diabetes is perceived as a dynamic process of changes in all aspects of biopsychosocial model of health/disease. Understanding of salutoprotective factors allows for estimation of client's extent of vulnerability and ability to cope with the disease. The objective of the study is to assess selected salutoprotective factors in diabetic clients (SOC-type hardiness, well-being-subjective feelings and states scale [SUPOS], perceived social support scale [PSSS]). Low values of SOC, PSSS, and SUPOS suggest an increased need in psychosocial care...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271371/a-longitudinal-empirical-investigation-of-the-pathways-model-of-problem-gambling
#19
Youssef Allami, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, René Carbonneau, Éric Lacourse, Richard E Tremblay
The pathways model of problem gambling suggests the existence of three developmental pathways to problem gambling, each differentiated by a set of predisposing biopsychosocial characteristics: behaviorally conditioned (BC), emotionally vulnerable (EV), and biologically vulnerable (BV) gamblers. This study examined the empirical validity of the Pathways Model among adolescents followed up to early adulthood. A prospective-longitudinal design was used, thus overcoming limitations of past studies that used concurrent or retrospective designs...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271080/how-do-orthopaedic-surgeons-address-psychological-aspects-of-illness
#20
Ana Maria Vranceanu, Reinier B Beks, Thierry G Guitton, Stein J Janssen, David Ring
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgeons have a pivotal role in transitioning the care of orthopedic patients from a biomedical to a biopsychosocial model. In an effort to foster this transition, we designed a study aimed to determine surgeons' attitudes and practice of noticing, screening, discussing psychological illness with patients, as well as making referrals to address psychosocial issues in patients in need. Additionally, we asked surgeons to rank order potential barriers to and reasons for referrals to psychosocial treatment...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
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