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Biopsychosocial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053648/influence-of-clinical-and-psychological-variables-upon-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#1
A Blanco-Aguilera, E Blanco-Aguilera, R Serrano-Del-Rosal, L Biedma-Velázquez, A Rodriguez-Torronteras, R Segura-Saint-Gerons, A Blanco-Hungria
BACKGROUND: To analyze the association between the OHIP-14 and the different subtypes making up the clinical and psychological axis obtained using the RDC/TMD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 407 patients treated at the TMD unit of the Andalusian Healthcare Service were administered the Spanish version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders questionnaire (RDC/TMD), together with the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14). The degree of association between the patients' score in the OHIP-14 and the clinical and biopsychosocial variables was analyzed through bivariate and multivariate analyses, specifically through linear regression...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053135/-nonspecific-low-back-pain-approaches-to-diagnosis-and-treatment
#2
M S Vygonskaya
This review considers the problem of pain chronification process based on the biopsychosocial model. Treatment of nonspecific low-back pain is specifically highlighted. Algorithms for the management of such patients are described. The efficacy and safety of nimesulide is discussed.
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048571/pain-in-survivors-of-pediatric-cancer-applying-a-prevention-framework
#3
Amanda L Stone, Cynthia W Karlson, Lauren C Heathcote, Abby R Rosenberg, Tonya M Palermo
To apply a biopsychosocial framework to understand factors influencing pain in survivors of pediatric cancer to inform pain prevention efforts and highlight the need for interdisciplinary care. This topical review draws from both pediatric cancer survivorship research and chronic noncancer pain research to illustrate how components of a preventative model can be applied to pain in survivorship. Pain is a common experience among long-term survivors of pediatric cancer. The pain experience in survivorship can be conceptualized in terms of biological disease and treatment factors, cognitive and affective factors, and social and contextual factors...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048551/rapid-screening-of-risk-in-pediatric-headache-application-of-the-pediatric-pain-screening-tool
#4
Lauren C Heathcote, Jonathan Rabner, Alyssa Lebel, Jessica M Hernandez, Laura E Simons
Objective: The current study examined the application of a screening tool to identify biopsychosocial risk factors and derive prognostic risk groups in children and adolescents with headache pain. Methods: Youth (n = 242, 8-17 years, 75.6% female) presenting for evaluation at a tertiary pediatric headache clinic completed the nine-item Pediatric Pain Screening Tool (PPST) as well as measures of functional disability, pain catastrophizing, fear of pain, anxiety, and depressive symptoms...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048194/applying-intersectionality-to-explore-the-relations-between-gendered-racism-and-health-among-black-women
#5
Jioni A Lewis, Marlene G Williams, Erica J Peppers, Cecile A Gadson
The purpose of this study was to apply an intersectionality framework to explore the influence of gendered racism (i.e., intersection of racism and sexism) on health outcomes. Specifically, we applied intersectionality to extend a biopsychosocial model of racism to highlight the psychosocial variables that mediate and moderate the influence of gendered racial microaggressions (i.e., subtle gendered racism) on health outcomes. In addition, we tested aspects of this conceptual model by exploring the influence of gendered racial microaggressions on the mental and physical health of Black women...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042005/analysis-of-italian-regulations-on-pathways-of-care-for-patients-in-a-vegetative-or-minimally-conscious-state
#6
D Sattin, L De Torres, G Dolce, Francesco Arcuri, Anna Estraneo, V Cardinale, R Piperno, E Zavatta, Rita Formisano, Mariagrazia D'Ippolito, C Vassallo, B Dessi, G Lamberti, E Antoniono, C Lanzillotti, J Navarro, P Bramanti, Silvia Marino, M Zampolini, F Scarponi, R Avesani, L Salvi, S Ferro, L Mazza, P Fogar, S Feller, F De Nigris, A Martinuzzi, M Buffoni, A Pessina, P Corsico, M Leonardi
Different rehabilitation models for persons diagnosed with disorders of consciousness have been proposed in Europe during the last decade. In Italy, the Ministry of Health has defined a national healthcare model, although, to date, there is a lack of information on how this has been implemented at regional level. The INCARICO project collected information on different regional regulations, analysing ethical aspects and mapping care facilities (numbers of beds and medical units) in eleven regional territories...
July 2017: Functional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040715/the-integrated-pain-team-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-an-embedded-interdisciplinary-pain-care-intervention-on-primary-care-team-satisfaction-confidence-and-perceptions-of-care-effectiveness
#7
Natalie Purcell, Kara Zamora, Jenny Tighe, Yongmei Li, Mathew Douraghi, Karen Seal
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the impact of the Integrated Pain Team (IPT)-an interdisciplinary chronic pain care intervention embedded in primary care at a large Veterans Affairs health care system. Outcomes evaluated included IPT's impact on the perceived effectiveness of chronic pain care; provider self-confidence; and primary care team satisfaction, stress, and burnout. METHOD:  This mixed-methods quality-improvement study employed: 1) qualitative semistructured interviews of 61 primary care providers, other primary care team members, and organizational stakeholders; and 2) a supplementary quantitative survey of 65 providers, comparing those who had referred patients to IPT with those who had not...
October 12, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036904/biopsychosocial-measures-related-to-chronic-low-back-pain-postural-control-in-older-adults
#8
Ryan Hulla, Robert J Gatchel, Angela Liegey-Dougall
This study examined the biopsychosocial measures related to postural control in the growing population of older adults (i.e., 60 years and older). The sample of the study consisted of 129 older adults (M = 74.45, SD = 6.95), with 34 males and 95 females; 36 were classified with chronic low-back pain (CLBP), and 93 without chronic low-back pain (NCLBP). Physical and psychosocial constructs were analyzed as predictors for postural control measures. Additionally, gender and classification of low-back pain were examined as moderators for all physical and psychosocial measures...
October 14, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035184/the-art-of-healing-through-narrative-medicine-in-clinical-practice-a-reflection
#9
Aeman Muneeb, Hena Jawaid, Natasha Khalid, Asad Mian
The art of medicine has roots that lie deep in developing the biopsychosocial connection. Understanding a human body (both its physiology and pathology) along with components of emotional and spiritual cores can lead to provision of excellent medical care and better outcomes. The harmonization of psychosocial consequences of a biological disease is helpful not just for health care professionals but also for patients. Where it keeps the empathy and compassion alive and results in greater patient satisfaction, it also helps boost the physician's morale...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033858/honosca-d-as-a-measure-of-the-severity-of-diagnosed-mental-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-psychometric-properties-of-the-german-translation
#10
Agnes von Wyl, Stephan Toggweiler, Ruedi Zollinger
The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA), in use worldwide, is a 13-item measure assessing the biopsychosocial severity of mental health problems in children and adolescents. This article introduces the authorized German-language version of HoNOSCA, the HoNOSCA-D, and examines and discusses its psychometric properties based on a clinical sample of 1,533 children and adolescents aged 4;0 to 17;11 years. For the HoNOSCA-D total score (severity of mental health problems), internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) was 0...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033138/do-you-believe-it-verbal-suggestions-influence-the-clinical-and-neural-effects-of-escitalopram-in-social-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-trial
#11
Vanda Faria, Malin Gingnell, Johanna M Hoppe, Olof Hjorth, Iman Alaie, Andreas Frick, Sara Hultberg, Kurt Wahlstedt, Jonas Engman, Kristoffer N T Månsson, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson, Margareta Reis, Elna-Marie Larsson, Mats Fredrikson, Tomas Furmark
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly prescribed for depression and anxiety, but their efficacy relative to placebo has been questioned. We aimed to test how manipulation of verbally induced expectancies, central for placebo, influences SSRI treatment outcome and brain activity in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHODS: We did a randomized clinical trial, within an academic medical center (Uppsala, Sweden), of individuals fulfilling the DSM-IV criteria for SAD, recruited through media advertising...
September 27, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019302/education-and-successful-aging-trajectories-a-longitudinal-population-based-latent-variable-modelling-analysis
#12
Theodore D Cosco, Blossom C M Stephan, Carol Brayne, Graciela Muniz
As the population ages, interest is increasing in studying aging well. However, more refined means of examining predictors of biopsychosocial conceptualizations of successful aging (SA) are required. Existing evidence of the relationship between early-life education and later-life SA is unclear. The Successful Aging Index (SAI) was mapped onto the Cognitive Function and Aging Study (CFAS), a longitudinal population-based cohort (n = 1,141). SAI scores were examined using growth mixture modelling (GMM) to identify SA trajectories...
October 11, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018548/personality-disorder-services-in-england-findings-from-a-national-survey
#13
Oliver Dale, Faisil Sethi, Clive Stanton, Sacha Evans, Kirsten Barnicot, Rosemary Sedgwick, Steve Goldsack, Monica Doran, Lucinda Shoolbred, Chiara Samele, Norman Urquia, Rex Haigh, Paul Moran
Aims and method We aimed to evaluate the availability and nature of services for people affected by personality disorder in England by conducting a survey of English National Health Service (NHS) mental health trusts and independent organisations. Results In England, 84% of organisations reported having at least one dedicated personality disorder service. This represents a fivefold increase compared with a 2002 survey. However, only 55% of organisations reported that patients had equal access across localities to these dedicated services...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987036/prayer-healing-a-case-study-research-protocol
#14
Dirk J Kruijthoff, Cornelis van der Kooi, Gerrit Glas, Tineke A Abma
Context • Prayer healing is a common practice in many religious communities around the world. Even in the highly secularized Dutch society, cases of prayer healing are occasionally reported in the media, often generating public attention. There is an ongoing debate regarding whether such miraculous cures do actually occur and how to interpret them. Objective • The aim of the article was to present a research protocol for the investigation of reported cases of remarkable and/or unexplained healing after prayer...
July 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984658/long-term-outcomes-after-flap-reconstruction-in-pediatric-pressure-ulcers
#15
Joseph M Firriolo, Ingrid M Ganske, Carolyn M Pike, Catherine Caillouette, Heather R Faulkner, Joseph Upton, Brian I Labow
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers refractory to nonoperative management may undergo flap reconstruction. This study aims to evaluate the long-term outcomes and recurrence rates of flap reconstruction for pediatric pressure ulcers. METHODS: We reviewed the records of patients who underwent flap reconstruction for pressure ulcer(s) from 1995 to 2013. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients with 30 pressure ulcers, requiring 52 flaps were included. Ulcers were stages III and IV and mostly involved either the ischia (15/30) or sacrum (8/30)...
October 3, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981151/challenges-in-patient-enrollment-and-retention-in-clinical-studies-for-alcoholic-hepatitis-experience-of-the-treat-consortium
#16
Megan Comerford, Spencer Lourens, Suthat Liangpunsakul, Naga P Chalasani, Arun J Sanyal, Vijay H Shah, Patrick S Kamath, Puneet Puri, Barry P Katz, Svetlana Radaeva, David W Crabb
The TREAT Consortium has carried out clinical studies on alcoholic hepatitis (AH) for over four years. We encountered problems with participant recruitment, retention, and eligibility for specific protocols. To improve our ability to carry out such trials, we reviewed recruitment screening logs, end of study logs, and surveyed study coordinators to learn the reasons for missing patients, why patients declined enrollment, and the number of patients eligible for treatment trials. Associations of the recruited subjects' demographics with their adherence to follow-up appointments were examined...
October 5, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980825/does-the-fear-avoidance-model-explain-persistent-symptoms-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Melloney L M Wijenberg, Sven Z Stapert, Jeanine A Verbunt, Jennie L Ponsford, Caroline M Van Heugten
BACKGROUND: A minority of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) experience a persistent symptom complex also known as post-concussion syndrome. Explanations for this syndrome are still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the fear avoidance model, including catastrophizing thoughts and fear avoidance behaviour, poses a possible biopsychosocial explanation for lingering symptoms and delay in recovery after traumatic brain injury (TBI) with special focus on mTBI...
October 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980091/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-pediatric-congenital-heart-disease
#18
Michelle M Ernst, Bradley S Marino, Amy Cassedy, Carrie Piazza-Waggoner, Rodney C Franklin, Katherine Brown, Jo Wray
The purpose of this prospective multi-center cross-sectional study was to identify key biopsychosocial factors that impact quality of life (QOL) of youth with congenital heart disease (CHD). Patient-parent pairs were recruited at a regular hospital follow-up visit. Patient- and parent-proxy-reported QOL were assessed using the Pediatric Cardiac Quality of Life Inventory (PCQLI). Wallander's and Varni's disability-stress coping model guided factor selection, which included disease factors, educational impairment, psychosocial stress, child psychological and parent/family factors...
October 4, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972411/dizziness-related-disability-following-mild-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
I Kleffelgaard, B Langhammer, T Hellstrom, M Sandhaug, A L Tamber, H L Soberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between dizziness-related disability after mild- moderate Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and personal factors, injury-related factors and post-injury functioning using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a framework. METHODS: Baseline assessments for a Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) were obtained for 65 patients (mean age 39.2 years; SD 12.9 years; 70.8% women) who had dizziness and reduced balance 2-6 months after injury...
October 3, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966563/anxiety-disorders-among-women-a-female-lifespan-approach
#20
Liisa Hantsoo, C Neill Epperson
Anxiety symptoms may present differently between women and men, and at different points in the female lifespan. The female lifespan includes distinct epochs of hormonal function, including puberty, the premenstruum, in some women pregnancy or postpartum, and the menopausal transition. These stages give rise to important treatment considerations when treating anxiety in women. When making assessments, the clinician should consider reproductive events and hormonal status, as well as sex differences in anxiety presentation...
2017: Focus: Journal of Life Long Learning in Psychiatry
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