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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823008/neuropathic-pain-s-biopsychosocial-effects
#1
Esra Dogru Huzmeli, Ismet Melek
The aim of our study is to understand neuropathic pain's social, psychological, and biological effects on the patients. All of the patients who were diagnosed with neuropathic pain (NP) by a neurologist were invited to participate in the study. The diagnoses were made based on the patients' history and symptoms and the results of their neurological examinations. Demographic characteristics (age and pain duration), diagnoses, and medical histories of the patients were recorded. Average daily pain intensity was measured using a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS)...
August 19, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818334/the-use-of-acupuncture-in-first-aid-of-burns-clinical-report
#2
A Loskotova, J Loskotova
Burns are a very painful skin injury, or injury of soft tissues. The development of post-traumatic stress disorder can develop, even in those with minor injuries (Ia-IIb degree). Development of problems is very rapid and intense since, according to developmental embryology, the skin and central nervous system (CNS) descend from the same germ layer-ectoderm. This clinical report presents the results acquired from the data of 1008 patients suffering from burns treated by the acupuncture (ACU)-from 1983-2015 in the surgery ward of the hospital in Vysoke Myto in the Czech Republic...
August 14, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816769/do-psychosocial-factors-predict-muscle-strength-pain-or-physical-performance-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Isabel A C Baert, Mira Meeus, Armaghan Mahmoudian, Frank P Luyten, Jo Nijs, Sabine M P Verschueren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of psychosocial factors, namely, pain catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, and maladaptive coping strategies, with muscle strength, pain, and physical performance in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA)-related symptoms. METHODS: A total of 109 women (64 with knee OA-related symptoms) with a mean age of 65.4 years (49-81 years) were recruited for this study. Psychosocial factors were quantified by the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, and Pain Coping Inventory...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815351/an-integrated-model-of-skin-cancer-risk-in-sexual-minority-males
#4
Aaron J Blashill, Benjamin M Rooney, Kristen J Wells
Sexual minority males are an at-risk group for developing skin cancer. Elevated rates of skin cancer among this population are thought to be driven by excess indoor tanning; however, motivations to indoor tan among this population are unknown. Theoretically, appearance-based and affect regulation motives may be proximal predictors of increased indoor tanning in this population. The current study tests an integrated biopsychosocial model of indoor tanning behaviors and future intentions among a sample of sexual minority males...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813328/editorial-overview-advances-in-science-and-practice-in-traumatic-stress
#5
EDITORIAL
Anka A Vujanovic, Paula P Schnurr
This issue provides an expansive overview of the field of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The featured articles highlight novel, creative, and innovative topics and methodologies, consolidate recent scientific advances, and delineate future directions. The content spans various topics in the field of traumatic stress, including assessment, biopsychosocial correlates, clinical considerations, including comorbidity, anger, self-directed violence, and dissociative manifestations, evidence-based interventions, and innovative delivery formats that maximize dissemination and implementation...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813319/reward-functioning-in-posttraumatic-stress-and-substance-use-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Anka A Vujanovic, Margaret C Wardle, Lia J Smith, Erin C Berenz
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD) are complex psychiatric conditions that commonly co-occur. Research on PTSD-SUD comorbidity has increasingly focused upon better understanding biopsychosocial factors that may contribute to their co-occurring etiology, maintenance, and treatment. Anhedonia, defined as a lack of pleasure from or interest in rewards, stems from deficits in reward functioning and is associated with specific neurocircuitries. Few studies have investigated the role of reward functioning in PTSD-SUD...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812392/psychometric-properties-of-the-performing-arts-module-of-the-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-questionnaire
#7
Vera Baadjou, Rob de Bie, Christine Guptill, Rob Smeets
BACKGROUND: The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire (DASH) offers an optional performing arts module. The goal was to examine the psychometric properties of this module in musicians. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of a biopsychosocial intervention to prevent or reduce playing-related disability in conservatory students. Baseline data were used to examine internal consistency and discriminative validity of the performing arts module of the DASH questionnaire...
August 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810371/physical-activity-and-perceptions-of-stress-during-the-menopause-transition-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Eva Guérin, Alyssa Biagé, Gary Goldfield, Denis Prud'homme
The transition to menopause is a critical period of significant biopsychosocial change. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the transition to menopause and volume of physical activity on levels of perceived stress over five years in 102 healthy middle-aged women. Questionnaire and accelerometer data were analyzed using linear mixed models. Adjusting for age and body mass index, there were no significant effects of menopause status or time on perceived stress. Independent of menopause status, minutes per week of vigorous activity was associated with lower perceived stress in years 1 and 2 of the study...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808618/neuroimaging-studies-in-patients-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-a-systematic-meta-review
#9
REVIEW
Marco Mcsweeney, Markus Reuber, Liat Levita
Psychogenic Non-epileptic Seizures (PNES) are 'medically unexplained' seizure-like episodes which superficially resemble epileptic seizures but which are not caused by epileptiform discharges in the brain. While many experts see PNES disorder as a multifactorial biopsychosocial condition, little is known about the neurobiological processes which may predispose, precipitate and/or perpetuate PNES symptomology. This systematic meta-review advances our knowledge and understanding of the neurobiological correlates of PNES by providing an up-to-date assessment of neuroimaging studies performed on individuals with PNES...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803723/perceived-social-support-among-patients-with-burn-injuries-a-perspective-from-the-developing-world
#10
Ahmed Waqas, Marvee Turk, Sadiq Naveed, Atif Amin, Harriet Kiwanuka, Neha Shafique, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Social support is among the most well-established predictors of post-burn psychopathology after burn. Despite a disproportionately large burden of burns in the developing world, the nature of social support among burn patients in this context remains elusive. We, therefore, seek to investigate social support and its biopsychosocial determinants among patients with burn injuries in Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 343 patients presenting with burn injuries at four teaching hospitals in the Punjab province of Pakistan was conducted...
August 10, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802475/integrative-pain-management
#11
REVIEW
Robert Alan Bonakdar
Chronic pain is one of the most common conditions seen in the clinic, and it is often one of the most frustrating for both clinicians and patients. This condition stems from common comorbidities, including depression, insomnia, fatigue, and physical deconditioning, which often create barriers to recovery. In addition, chronic pain has had divergent approaches for treatment, including an overemphasis on analgesia and curative treatments while underemphasizing the biopsychosocial needs of those in pain. This article attempts to provide an initial framework for approaching those in pain and initiating patient-centered options to support improvements in pain, function, and self-care...
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795458/a-comprehensive-review-of-sexual-health-concerns-after-cancer-treatment-and-the-biopsychosocial-treatment-options-available-to-female-patients
#12
REVIEW
Carly S Sears, John W Robinson, Lauren M Walker
The repercussions of cancer diagnosis and treatment profoundly impact the sexual wellbeing of women prior to, during, and following cancer treatment. Sexual health concerns are often under-addressed within clinical and research settings, and information tends to be limited to women with breast or gynecological cancers. In this narrative literature review, the authors critically evaluate research published between 1990 and 2016, pertaining to sexual health concerns of women diagnosed with cancer, of any type or stage, and to the psychosocial and biomedical interventions that currently exist for the treatment of sexual health-related side-effects (e...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793087/experiences-of-adolescent-crack-users-and-their-relatives-with-psychosocial-care-and-institucionalization
#13
Milena Lima de Paula, Maria Salete Bessa Jorge, Leilson Lira de Lima, Indara Cavalcante Bezerra
The Drug User Comprehensive Care Policy establishes that care practices should cover biopsychosocial realms. However, evidence reveals an institutionalized practice, in which families prioritize the subject's seclusion from its context of use. This study aimed to understand the implications of psychosocial care and institutionalization in meeting the needs of adolescent crack users and their families. Eleven teenagers and six relatives narrated their experiences through in-depth interviews, which were analyzed in the light of Paul Ricoeur's Phenomenological Hermeneutics...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792566/-psychological-benefits-of-physical-activity-for-optimal-mental-health
#14
Emmanuel Poirel
Mental health is a worldwide public health concern, as can be seen from the WHO's comprehensive mental health action plan 2013-2020 which was adopted by the 66th World Health Assembly. According to the Mental health commission of Canada (2012), one in five Canadians will personally experience a mental illness in their lifetime, and the WHO shows that mental illness represents the second most prevalent risk of morbidity after heart disease. Physical activity certainly provides an answer to this problem. Physical activity has been shown to improve physical health but it is also one of the most natural and accessible means to improve mental health...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782345/a-picture-of-indian-adolescent-mental-health-an-analysis-from-three-urban-secondary-schools
#15
Katelyn N G Long, Lisa H Gren, Paul M Long, Rachel Jaggi, Srabani Banik, Nicole L Mihalopoulos
Purpose Mental health disorders are a pressing issue among adolescents around the world, including in India. A better understanding of the factors related to poor mental health will allow for more effective and targeted interventions for Indian adolescents. Methods The Indian Adolescent Health Questionnaire (IAHQ), a validated questionnaire designed specifically for use in schools, was administered to approximately 1500 secondary students in three private urban Indian schools in 2012. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) module assessed mental health...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776874/overall-and-domain-specific-life-satisfaction-when-living-with-familial-alzheimer-s-disease-risk-a-quantitative-approach
#16
Mette Bergman, Caroline Graff, Maria Eriksdotter, Marja Schuster, Kerstin S Fugl-Meyer
In this study, we explored life satisfaction and sense of coherence in relation to biopsychosocial variables in individuals at risk for the development of familial Alzheimer's disease. Forty nine individuals (response rate: 96%) were interviewed. Life satisfaction was found to be high for the majority of participants. Those who were older than the expected age of onset of disease, those <6 years' inclusion in the Familial Alzheimer's disease biomarker study, and males tended to experience positive psychological health...
August 4, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776606/special-needs-of-young-women-with-breast-cancer-in-limited-resource-settings
#17
Carmen Lizette Gálvez-Hernández, María Cecilia González-Robledo, Regina Barragán-Carrillo, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza
BACKGROUND: Young women with breast cancer (YWBC) comprise a group of patients with unique biopsychosocial characteristics with a special perception of needs throughout their disease and survivorship. Contexts marked by restricted allocations and economic constraints might further aggravate the struggle of these patients living within limited resource settings and can demand added requirements for them and their families. OBJECTIVE: To analytically explore the existing knowledge regarding the needs of YWBC in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs)...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774580/advancing-imaging-technologies-for-patients-with-spinal-pain-with-a-focus-on-whiplash-injury
#18
James M Elliott, Mark J Hancock, Rebecca J Crawford, Andrew C Smith, David M Walton
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Radiological observations of soft-tissue changes that may relate to clinical symptoms in patients with traumatic and non-traumatic spinal disorders are highly controversial. Studies are often of poor quality and findings inconsistent. A plethora of evidence suggests some pathoanatomical findings from traditional imaging applications are common in asymptomatic participants across the life span, which further questions the diagnostic, prognostic, and theranostic value of traditional imaging...
July 31, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766080/trajectories-in-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-a-fracture-of-the-distal-radius-or-ankle-using-latent-class-analysis
#19
M A C Van Son, J De Vries, W Zijlstra, J A Roukema, T Gosens, M H J Verhofstad, B L Den Oudsten
PURPOSE: This prospective study aimed to identify the different trajectories of quality of life (QOL) in patients with distal radius fractures (DRF) and ankle fractures (AF). Secondly, it was examined if subgroups could be characterized by sociodemographic, clinical, and psychological variables. METHODS: Patients (n = 543) completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment instrument-Bref (WHOQOL-Bref), the pain, coping, and cognitions questionnaire, NEO-five factor inventory (neuroticism and extraversion), and the state-trait anxiety inventory (short version) a few days after fracture (i...
August 1, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764721/what-is-the-gap-in-activity-and-participation-between-people-with-disability-and-the-general-population-in-taiwan
#20
Tzu-Ying Chiu, Chia-Feng Yen, Reuben Escorpizo, Wen-Chou Chi, Tsan-Hon Liou, Hua-Fang Liao, Cheng-Hsiu Chou, Wen-Hui Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) was developed, based on the concept of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The ICF provides a common language and framework for health and health-related status and attempts to integrate the biopsychosocial model as a multidimensional perspective in understanding functioning. Activities and participation (AP) is one salient component of the ICF refers to the execution of a task by an individual, and how such tasks are involved in their daily life...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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