keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Biopsychosocial

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731660/-excessive-crying-in-infants-in-the-first-months-of-life-review
#1
REVIEW
Patricio Kenny
Cry-fuss problems are among the most common clinical presentations in the first few months of life. Cry-fuss behaviour emerges out of a complex interplay of cultural, psychosocial, environmental and biologic factors, with organic disturbance implicated in only 5% of cases. A holistic biopsychosocial approach can be most effective. This article reviews recent evidence to update clinical management, and will attempt to reconceptualize infant colic definition.
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730890/the-biopsychosocial-model-of-illness-a-model-whose-time-has-come
#2
Derick T Wade, Peter W Halligan
The biopsychosocial model outlined in Engel's classic Science paper four decades ago emerged from dissatisfaction with the biomedical model of illness, which remains the dominant healthcare model. Engel's call to arms for a biopsychosocial model has been taken up in several healthcare fields, but it has not been accepted in the more economically dominant and politically powerful acute medical and surgical domains. It is widely used in research into complex healthcare interventions, it is the basis of the World Health Organisation's International Classification of Functioning (WHO ICF), it is used clinically, and it is used to structure clinical guidelines...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730889/purposefulness-as-a-critical-factor-in-functioning-disability-and-health
#3
Joshua Y Lee, Emily A Ready, Eric N Davis, Philip C Doyle
Guided by theoretical frameworks of health and illness such as the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF), we seek to describe the importance of purposefulness in the context of rehabilitation. We argue that ascribing meaning to life events, particularly changes in health, and acting in a manner that is driven by purpose is a universal characteristic of human beings. The ability to contextualize purposefulness within the broader biopsychosocial model of illness may provide a greater understanding of the relationship of purpose in the process of rehabilitation...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730301/biopsychosocial-factors-predict-quality-of-life-in-thoracolumbar-spine-surgery
#4
Dean A Tripp, Edward Abraham, Maude Lambert, Kate Wagg, Erin Bigney, Eden Daly, Phylicia Verreault, Neil Manson
PURPOSE: Surgical intervention is a treatment option for various spinal pathology but many patients report no improvement or even an exacerbation of symptoms like pain. This study examined the association of preoperative (pre-op) biopsychosocial risk factors with poor quality of life at 2 and 6 months using hierarchical models controlling demographic and medical variables. METHOD: Participants undergoing thoracolumbar spine surgery (N = 214) were provided with questionnaire packages to complete pre-op, at 2 and at 6-month postoperative clinical follow-ups (i...
July 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726543/differences-in-brain-architecture-in-remote-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Aishwarya Rajesh, Gillian E Cooke, Jim M Monti, Andrew Jahn, Ana M Daugherty, Arthur Kramer
Mild TBI (mTBI) is brain trauma from an external impact with a loss of consciousness less than 30 minutes. MTBI results in several biopsychosocial impairments with pronounced cognitive deficits, thought to resolve within three months of injury. Previous research suggests that these impairments are due to a temporary inability to appropriately allocate neural resources in response to cognitive demands. Our study questioned this assumption and instead hypothesized that mTBI was associated with long-term neural disruptions and compromised brain structure integrity...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719406/toward-a-biopsychosocial-ecology-of-the-human-microbiome-brain-gut-axis-and-health
#6
Karl J Maier, Mustafa al'Absi
OBJECTIVE: Rapidly expanding insights to the human microbiome and health suggest that Western medicine is poised for significant evolution, or perhaps revolution - this while the field continues on a trajectory from reductionism to a biopsychosocial (BPS) paradigm recognizing biological, psychological, and social influences on health. The apparent sensitivity of the microbiota to perturbations across BPS domains suggests that a broad and inclusive framework is needed to develop applicable knowledge in this area...
July 18, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719364/is-there-a-link-between-self-perceived-stress-and-physical-activity-levels-in-scottish-adolescents
#7
Joe Cowley, John Kiely, Dave Collins
Purpose Accumulating life stress is a driving factor underlying the most pervasive, incapacitating health conditions in 21st century, First World societies. The most widely supported strategy, for remediating the negative health consequences of elevated life stress, is physical activity (PA). Evidence also suggests accumulating life stress impedes PA uptake. Thus, ironically, persistently elevated life stress not only negatively impacts multiple dimensions of health, simultaneously it may also reduce likelihood of participation in the most effective remediating strategy, PA...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717823/-interdisciplinary-pain-assessment-in-the-hospital-setting-merely-a%C3%A2-door-opener-to-multimodal-pain-therapy
#8
E Sens, M Mothes-Lasch, J F Lutz
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is characterized by a complex interaction of somatic, mental and social factors. Assessing these factors in patients with chronic pain is vital during the diagnostic work-up and when making a structured treatment plan. Interdisciplinary pain assessment (ISA) is the most promising method to deal with these challenges. This article presents our experience in performing pain assessments in the hospital setting and also illustrates the characteristic features of chronic pain patients undergoing such assessments...
July 17, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712424/determinants-and-incidence-of-depression-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
S A Berzins, A G Bulloch, J M Burton, K S Dobson, G H Fick, S B Patten
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and explore potential determinants of incidence of depression in MS. METHODS: A prospective cohort study used a sample of 192 patients from the southern Alberta MS clinic registry. Participants completed baseline risk factor assessment questionnaires using either online, mail or telephone surveys, and completed the Patient Health Questionnaire every 2weeks for 6months to assess depressive symptoms in real time. Risk factors assessed included biopsychosocial variables such as socioeconomic status, illness-related factors, childhood risk factors, psychosocial factors, and health behaviors...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712416/biopsychosocial-risk-factors-of-persistent-fatigue-after-acute-infection-a-systematic-review-to-inform-interventions
#10
REVIEW
Katrin Hulme, Joanna L Hudson, Philine Rojczyk, Paul Little, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVES: Fatigue is a prevalent and debilitating symptom, preceded by an acute infectious episode in some patients. This systematic review aimed to identify risk factors for the development of persistent fatigue after an acute infection, to develop an evidence-based working model of post-infectious fatigue. METHODS: Electronic databases (Medline, PsycINFO and EMBASE) were searched, from inception to March 2016, for studies which investigated biopsychosocial risk factors of on-going fatigue after an acute infection...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709032/children-and-youth-s-biopsychosocial-wellbeing-in-the-context-of-energy-resource-activities
#11
REVIEW
Robin S Cox, Pamela Irwin, Leila Scannell, Michael Ungar, Trevor Dixon Bennett
BACKGROUND: Children and youth emerge as key populations that are impacted by energy resource activities, in part because of their developmental vulnerabilities, as well as the compounding effects of energy systems on their families, communities, and physical environments. While there is a larger literature focused on fossil fuel emissions and children, the impacts of many aspects of energy systems on children and youth remain under examined and scattered throughout the health, social science, and environmental science literatures...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702921/acl-return-to-sport-guidelines-and-criteria
#12
REVIEW
George J Davies, Eric McCarty, Matthew Provencher, Robert C Manske
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Because of the epidemiological incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, the high reinjury rates that occur when returning back to sports, the actual number of patients that return to the same premorbid level of competition, the high incidence of osteoarthritis at 5-10-year follow-ups, and the effects on the long-term health of the knee and the quality of life for the patient, individualizing the return to sports after ACL reconstruction (ACL-R) is critical...
July 12, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696836/complex-families-the-social-determinants-of-health-and-psychosocial-interventions-deconstruction-of-a-day-in-the-life-of-hospital-social-workers
#13
Barbara Muskat, Shelley L Craig, Biju Mathai
The roles of hospital social workers are delineated in the literature; however, their daily interventions have only been described anecdotally. This study analyzes the daily work of social workers in a pediatric hospital through a survey completed which examined factors related to interventions utilized and time spent per case over a 1-day period. Length and types of interventions were associated with the social determinants of health, time since diagnosis, biopsychosocial issues, and perception of complexity...
July 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691596/the-relationship-between-the-intermed-patient-complexity-instrument-and-level-of-care-utilization-system-locus
#14
Steven Thurber, Ann Wilson, George Realmuto, Sheila Specker
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the concurrent and criterion validity of two independently developed measurement instruments, INTERMED and LOCUS, designed to improve the treatment and clinical management of patients with complex symptom manifestations. METHODS: Participants (N = 66) were selected from hospital records based on the complexity of presenting symptoms, with tripartite diagnoses across biological, psychiatric and addiction domains. Biopsychosocial information from hospital records were submitted to INTERMED and LOCUS grids...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689495/machine-learning-methods-to-predict-child-posttraumatic-stress-a-proof-of-concept-study
#15
Glenn N Saxe, Sisi Ma, Jiwen Ren, Constantin Aliferis
BACKGROUND: The care of traumatized children would benefit significantly from accurate predictive models for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), using information available around the time of trauma. Machine Learning (ML) computational methods have yielded strong results in recent applications across many diseases and data types, yet they have not been previously applied to childhood PTSD. Since these methods have not been applied to this complex and debilitating disorder, there is a great deal that remains to be learned about their application...
July 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688316/cultivating-our-humanity-a-systematic-review-of-care-farming-traumatic-grief
#16
REVIEW
Richard Gorman, Joanne Cacciatore
Traumatic grief is a complex biopsychosocial experience, frequently (and contentiously) medicalized in the Western world. Care farming is an increasingly popular place-based intervention utilizing agricultural settings to care for vulnerable groups. We sought to establish the extent of care farming in relation to traumatic grief and query the potential of care farming as an intervention for this specific population. A systematic review highlights that whilst understudied, the success of care farming as an intervention for other populations experiencing psychological distress demonstrates the huge potential for care farming as a means to therapeutically engage with individuals experiencing traumatic grief...
July 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#17
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685944/what-can-the-treatment-of-parkinson-s-disease-learn-from-dementia-care-applying-a-bio-psycho-social-approach-to-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Grant Gibson
BACKGROUND: Within contemporary medical practice, Parkinson's disease (PD) is treated using a biomedical, neurological approach, which although bringing numerous benefits can struggle to engage with how people with PD experience the disease. A bio-psycho-social approach has not yet been established in PD; however, bio-psycho-social approaches adopted within dementia care practice could bring significant benefit to PD care. METHODS: This paper summarises existing bio-psycho-social models of dementia care and explores how these models could also usefully be applied to care for PD...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684206/-patient-first-the-impact-of-characteristics-of-target-populations-on-decisions-about-therapy-effectiveness-of-complex-interventions-psychological-variables-to-assess-effectiveness-in-interdisciplinary-multimodal-pain-therapy
#19
Ulrike Kaiser, Rainer Sabatowski, Friedrich Balck
INTRODUCTION: The assessment of treatment effectiveness in public health settings is ensured by indicators that reflect the changes caused by specific interventions. These indicators are also applied in benchmarking systems. The selection of constructs should be guided by their relevance for affected patients (patient reported outcomes). The interdisciplinary multimodal pain therapy (IMPT) is a complex intervention based on a biopsychosocial understanding of chronic pain. For quality assurance purposes, psychological parameters (depression, general anxiety, health-related quality of life) are included in standardized therapy assessment in pain medicine (KEDOQ), which can also be used for comparative analyses in a benchmarking system...
July 3, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684014/the-evolution-of-empathy-research-models-muddles-and-mechanisms
#20
Richard M Frankel
The word empathy enters the English language in 1909, translated incompletely from German by a British-born psychologist interested in introspection. In the ensuing 100+ years, the term has been defined in a range of different ways by researchers and scholars. The biopsychosocial framework developed by George Engel comes closest to capturing empathy as a biological, psychological and social phenomenon. In this paper, I explore the psychological and social/communicative dimensions of empathy. Psychologists ask the question, How does the capacity for empathy vary across individuals? By contrast, interaction scholars ask, How is empathy communicated from one person (a healthcare provider) to another (a sufferer)? A communication focus involves the accuracy and impact of empathic communication as evidenced in a sufferer's response...
May 5, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
keyword
keyword
53357
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"