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Biopsychosocial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107898/the-experience-of-pain-severity-and-pain-interference-in-vulvodynia-patients-the-role-of-cognitive-behavioural-factors-psychological-distress-and-fatigue
#1
Claudia Chisari, Joseph Chilcot
OBJECTIVE: Vulvodynia is a chronic pain condition characterised by severe pain affecting the vulva. Biopsychosocial models have revealed the importance of illness perceptions, cognitive-behavioural variables and psychological distress in explaining the experience of pain and disability across several conditions. These factors have never been collectively examined in vulvodynia. We predicted that distress, fatigue, illness perceptions, and cognitive-behavioural factors would be associated with pain severity and interference among women with vulvodynia...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107083/why-a-biopsychosocial-approach-is-needed-when-studying-the-sexual-effects-of-hormonal-contraception
#2
Els Elaut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#3
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#4
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102860/psychological-interventions-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#5
Sarah Ballou, Laurie Keefer
Psychological interventions have been designed and implemented effectively in a wide range of medical conditions, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). The psychological treatments for IBS and IBD with the strongest evidence base include: cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnosis, and mindfulness-based therapies. The evidence for each of these therapies is reviewed here for both IBS and IBD. In general, there is a stronger and larger evidence base to support the use of psychological interventions in IBS compared with IBD...
January 19, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100440/it-s-about-me-patients-experiences-of-patient-participation-in-the-web-behavior-change-program-for-activity-in-combination-with-multimodal-pain-rehabilitation
#6
Catharina Nordin, Peter Michaelson, Margareta K Eriksson, Gunvor Gard
BACKGROUND: Patients' participation in their health care is recognized as a key component in high-quality health care. Persons with persistent pain are recommended treatments with a cognitive approach from a biopsychosocial explanation of pain, in which a patient's active participation in their rehabilitation is in focus. Web-based interventions for pain management have the potential to increase patient participation by enabling persons to play a more active role in rehabilitation. However, little is known about patients' experiences of patient participation in Web-based interventions in clinical practice...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091431/determinants-of-quality-of-life-among-community-dwelling-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-path-analysis
#7
End Ekechukwu, J O Ikrechero, A O Ezeukwu, A V Egwuonwu, L Umar, U M Badaru
CONTEXT: Recent advancement in technology and medical care has resulted in an increase not only in disability arising from spinal cord injury (SCI) but also its attendant challenges such as poor quality of life (QoL). AIM: To test a theoretical model of predictors of QoL among persons with SCI. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Study was conducted in the South Eastern Nigeria. A longitudinal study design was employed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 64 persons with SCI discharged from in-hospital admission participated in this study...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086853/taking-action-to-reduce-pain-action-study-rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-trial-of-a-proactive-telephone-based-coaching-intervention-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-among-african-americans
#8
Rozina H Bhimani, Lee J S Cross, Brent C Taylor, Laura A Meis, Steven S Fu, Kelli D Allen, Sarah L Krein, Tam Do, Robert D Kerns, Diana J Burgess
BACKGROUND: Rates of chronic pain are rising sharply in the United States and worldwide. Presently, there is evidence of racial disparities in pain treatment and treatment outcomes in the United States but few interventions designed to address these disparities. There is growing consensus that chronic musculoskeletal pain is best addressed by a biopsychosocial approach that acknowledges the role of psychological and environmental factors, some of which differ by race. METHODS/DESIGN: The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial is to test the effectiveness of a non-pharmacological, self-regulatory intervention, administered proactively by telephone, at improving pain outcomes and increasing walking among African American patients with hip, back and knee pain...
January 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078610/optimization-of-the-return-to-sport-paradigm-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-critical-step-back-to-move-forward
#9
REVIEW
Bart Dingenen, Alli Gokeler
Athletes who have sustained an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury often opt for an ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with the goal and expectation to resume sports. Unfortunately, the proportion of athletes successfully returning to sport is relatively low, while the rate of second ACL injury has been reported to exceed 20% after clearance to return to sport, especially within younger athletic populations. Despite the development of return-to-sport guidelines over recent years, there are still more questions than answers on the most optimal return-to-sport criteria after ACLR...
January 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073999/everyday-support-to-aging-parents-links-to-middle-aged-children-s-diurnal-cortisol-and-daily-mood
#10
Lauren R Bangerter, Yin Liu, Kyungmin Kim, Steven H Zarit, Kira S Birditt, Karen L Fingerman
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Middle-aged adults are often called upon to support aging parents. However, providing support to an aging parent with health problems and disability may be a stressful experience. This study asked whether giving everyday support to parents in the context of health problems and disability has implications for middle-aged children's diurnal cortisol and daily mood. DESIGN AND METHODS: During four consecutive days, 148 middle-aged adults (mean age = 55) reported the support they gave to their parents and provided saliva 4 times a day (wake, 30 min post-wake, lunchtime, and bedtime)...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068867/training-rehabilitation-teams-in-sexual-health-care-a-description-and-evaluation-of-a-multidisciplinary-intervention
#11
Riet Pieters, Harald Kedde, Jim Bender
BACKGROUND: Sexual health problems are more prevalent among people with a chronic illness or physical disability than among the general population. Although sexual health care in the rehabilitation setting in the Netherlands is a growing field of interest, integrating sexual health in the overall care for rehabilitation patients has proven to be a challenge. METHODS: This article describes a training designed for rehabilitation professionals working in operational multidisciplinary teams...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062465/biopsychosocial-model-of-disease-40%C3%A2-years-on-which-way-is-the-pendulum-swinging
#12
EDITORIAL
Gwendolen Jull
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059025/a-multi-group-confirmatory-factor-analyses-of-the-lupuspro-between-southern-california-and-filipino-samples-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#13
D R Azizoddin, R Olmstead, C Cost, M Jolly, J Ayeroff, G Racaza, L A Sumner, S Ormseth, M Weisman, P M Nicassio
Introduction Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) leads to a range of biopsychosocial health outcomes through an unpredictable and complex disease path. The LupusPRO is a comprehensive, self-report measure developed specifically for populations with SLE, which assesses both health-related quality of life and non-health related quality of life. Given its increasingly widespread use, additional research is needed to evaluate the psychometric integrity of the LupusPRO across diverse populations. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the performance of the LupusPRO in two divergent patient samples and the model fit between both samples...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058225/psychological-perspective-of-medication-adherence-in-transplantation
#14
Concetta De Pasquale, Massimiliano Veroux, Michele Fornaro, Nunzia Sinagra, Giusi Basile, Cecilia Gozzo, Roberta Santini, Alessandra Costa, Maria Luisa Pistorio
AIM: To identify the risk factors and the post-transplant psychological symptoms that affect adherence to therapy in a population of kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: The study examined the psychological variables likely responsible for the non-adherent behavior using a psychological-psychiatric assessment, evaluation of the perception of patients' health status, and an interview regarding the anti-rejection drug therapy assumption. The study included 74 kidney transplant recipients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052890/reassessing-biopsychosocial-psychiatry
#15
EDITORIAL
Will Davies, Rebecca Roache
Psychiatry uncomfortably spans biological and psychosocial perspectives on mental illness, an idea central to Engel's biopsychosocial paradigm. This paradigm was extremely ambitious, proposing new foundations for clinical practice as well as a non-reductive metaphysics for mental illness. Perhaps given this scope, the approach has failed to engender a clearly identifiable research programme. And yet the view remains influential. We reassess the relevance of the biopsychosocial paradigm for psychiatry, distinguishing a number of ways in which it could be (re)conceived...
January 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050886/evaluation-of-cortisol-and-telomere-length-measurements-in-ethnically-diverse-women-with-breast-cancer-using-culturally-sensitive-methods
#16
Julio Ramirez, May Elmofty, Esperanza Castillo, Mindy DeRouen, Salma Shariff-Marco, Laura Allen, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Anna María Nápoles, Leticia Márquez-Magaña
The under-representation of ethnic minority participants, who are more likely to be socially disadvantaged in biomedical research, limits generalizability of results and reductions in health disparities. To facilitate investigations of how social disadvantage "gets under the skin," this pilot study evaluated low-intensity methods for collecting hair and saliva samples from multiethnic breast cancer survivors (N = 70) and analysis of biomarkers of chronic stress (cortisol levels) and biological age (telomere length)...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043158/challenges-and-developments-in-the-assessment-of-mal-adaptive-personality-and-pathological-states-in-older-adults
#17
Gina Rossi, Arjan Videler, S P J van Alphen
Since older adults often show an atypical presentation of (mal)adaptive personality traits and pathological states, the articles in this special issue will concisely discuss some perennial issues in clinical assessment in older adults and thus outline the main challenges this domain faces. By bringing empirical work and meta-analytic studies from leading scholars in the field of geropsychology, the articles will also address these challenges by reporting the latest developments in the field. This way, we hope to reshape the way clinicians and researchers assess (mal)adaptive personality and pathological states in older adults into a more reliable and valid assessment method that integrates the specific biopsychosocial context of older age...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042353/immunosuppressive-therapy-after-solid-organ-transplantation-does-the-intermed-identify-patients-at-risk-of-poor-adherence
#18
Laurent Michaud, Gundula Ludwig, Sylvie Berney, Stéphanie Rodrigues, Anne Niquille, Valérie Santschi, Anne-Sophie Favre, Anne-Catherine Lange, Annemieke A Michels, Bernard Vrijens, Olivier Bugnon, Nathalie Pilon, Manuel Pascual, Jean-Pierre Venetz, Friedrich Stiefel, Marie-Paule Schneider
BACKGROUND: Lack of adherence to medication is a trigger of graft rejection in solid-organ transplant (SOT) recipients. OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study aimed to assess whether a biopsychosocial evaluation using the INTERMED instrument before transplantation could identify SOT recipients at risk of suboptimal post-transplantation adherence to immunosuppressant drugs. We hypothesized that complex patients (INTERMED>20) might have lower medication adherence than noncomplex patients (INTERMED≤20)...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039802/the-impact-of-a-civic-service-program-on-biopsychosocial-outcomes-of-post-9-11-u-s-military-veterans
#19
Monica M Matthieu, Karen A Lawrence, Emma Robertson-Blackmore
Volunteering as a health promotion intervention, improves physical health, mental health, and social outcomes particularly in older adults, yet limited research exists for veterans. We conducted a preliminary study to explore whether volunteering impacts a variety of biopsychosocial outcomes, including symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, among returning military veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan. A survey enrolling a prospective cohort of United States (U.S.) veterans who served in the military after 11 September 2001 and who participated in a national civic service program was conducted...
February 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033198/assessment-of-biopsychosocial-complexity-and-health-care-needs-measurement-properties-of-the-intermed-self-assessment-version-imsa
#20
Arianne K B van Reedt Dortland, Lilian L Peters, Annette D Boenink, Jan H Smit, Joris P J Slaets, Adriaan W Hoogendoorn, Andreas Joos, Corine H M Latour, Friedrich Stiefel, Cyrille Burrus, Marie Guitteny-Collas, Silvia Ferrari
OBJECTIVES: The INTERMED Self-Assessment questionnaire (IMSA) was developed as an alternative to the observer-rated INTERMED (IM) to assess biopsychosocial complexity and health care needs. We studied feasibility, reliability and validity of the IMSA within a large and heterogeneous international sample of adult hospital in- and outpatients, and its predictive value for health care utilization (HCU) and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: 850 participants aged 17 to 90 from 5 countries completed the IMSA and were evaluated with the IM...
December 28, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
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