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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356419/photoacoustic-enabled-self-guidance-in-magnetic-hyperthermia-fe-fe3-o4-nanoparticles-for-theranostics-in-vivo
#1
Ping Zhou, Heng Zhao, Quan Wang, Zhiguo Zhou, Jing Wang, Guang Deng, Xiyou Wang, Qian Liu, Hong Yang, Shiping Yang
Magnetic nanoparticles have gained much interest for theranostics benefited from their intrinsic integration of imaging and therapeutic abilities. Herein, c(RGDyK) peptide PEGylated Fe@Fe3 O4 nanoparticles (RGD-PEG-MNPs) are developed for photoacoustic (PA)-enabled self-guidance in tumor-targeting magnetic hyperthermia therapy in vivo. In the αv β3 -positive U87MG glioblastoma xenograft model, the PA signal of RGD-PEG-MNPs reaches its maximum in the tumor at 6 h after intravenous administration. This signal is enhanced by 2...
January 22, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356323/layered-aggregation-with-steric-effect-morphology-homogeneous-semiconductor-mos2-as-an-alternative-2d-probe-for-visual-immunoassay
#2
Bang Lin Li, Li Yu Peng, Hao Lin Zou, Ling Jie Li, Hong Qun Luo, Nian Bing Li
Liquid-phase exfoliation routes unavoidably generate 2D nanostructures with inhomogeneous morphologies. Herein, thickness-dependent sorting of exfoliated nanostructures is achieved via a treatment of differential-zone centrifugation in the surfactant aqueous phase. With this approach, homogeneous MoS2 nanosheets are obtained, and due to the intrinsic semiconducting characteristics, those 2D nanosheets are endowed with desired optical properties, rivaling classic gold nanoparticles in sensing applications. Furthermore, MoS2 nanosheets with high uniformity and chemical inertness are coupled with proteins, exhibiting high performance in stability and anti-interferences for bioanalysis...
January 22, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356234/recent-development-of-thermoelectric-polymers-and-composites
#3
REVIEW
Hongyan Yao, Zeng Fan, Hanlin Cheng, Xin Guan, Chen Wang, Kuan Sun, Jianyong Ouyang
Thermoelectric materials can be used as the active materials in thermoelectric generators and as Peltier coolers for direct energy conversion between heat and electricity. Apart from inorganic thermoelectric materials, thermoelectric polymers have been receiving great attention due to their unique advantages including low cost, high mechanical flexibility, light weight, low or no toxicity, and intrinsically low thermal conductivity. The power factor of thermoelectric polymers has been continuously rising, and the highest ZT value is more than 0...
January 22, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355838/synthesis-of-polyaniline-pani-and-functionalized-polyaniline-f-pani-nanoparticles-with-controlled-size-by-solvent-displacement-method-application-in-fluorescence-detection-and-bacteria-killing-by-photothermal-effect
#4
Silvestre Bongiovanni Abel, Edith Inés Yslas, Claudia Rosana Rivarola, Cesar Alfredo Barbero
Polyaniline nanoparticles (PANI-NPs) were easily obtained applying the solvent displacement method by using N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) as good solvent and water as poor solvent. Different polymers such as polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), chondroitin sulfate (ChS), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and polyacrylic acid (PAA) were used as stabilizers. Dynamic Light Scattering and Scanning Electron Microscopy corroborated the size and morphology of the formed NPs. It was demonstrated that the size of nanoparticles could controlled by setting the concentration of PANI in NMP, the NMP to water ratio, and the stabilizer´s nature...
January 22, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355619/nanotherapeutics-in-oral-and-parenteral-drug-delivery-key-learnings-and-future-outlooks-as-we-think-small
#5
REVIEW
Puneet Tyagi, J Anand Subramony
Nanotechnology ushered the field of medicine in to a new era. Miniaturization, increased surface area, and the unique physicochemical properties in the nano dimension were explored for new applications. Pharmaceutical industry picked up the technology and early success came fast for oral drug delivery through improvement in dissolution properties of the active molecules. Many products were launched using the nanocrystal technology on the oral side. Further development of polymeric nanoparticles led to wide spread research of nanocarriers for parenteral delivery...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355456/icraiin-improves-fanconi-anemia-hematopoietic-stem-cell-function-through-sirt6-mediated-nf-kappa-b-inhibition
#6
Yibo Li, Xue Li, Allison Cole, Sarah McLaughlin, Wei Du
Icraiin (ICA) is a flavonoid glucoside derived from the Epimedium plant genus, which has potent regenerative properties and is used in western medicine to treat impotence. Recently, ICA has generated great interest in improving hepatic stellate cell function and cardiac rejuvenation. However, how this natural component functions in hematopoiesis remains unexplored. Here we have examined the role of ICA on hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) using the cancer-prone disease model of Fanconi anemia (FA), an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome with extremely high risk of leukemic predisposition...
January 22, 2018: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353042/ginkgolic-acid-induces-interplay-between-apoptosis-and-autophagy-regulated-by-ros-generation-in-colon-cancer
#7
Yuxia Liu, Bin Yang, Lirong Zhang, Xianling Cong, Zhen Liu, Yu Hu, Jing Zhang, Haixia Hu
Presently, developing effective anti-colon cancer drugs still remains to be important. Ginkgolic acids (GA), as a botanical drug extracted from the seed coat of Ginkgo biloba L., possess various bioactive properties. Our findings, for the first time, indicated that GA suppressed colon cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion. GA led to cell death through G0/G1 phase arrest. In addition, apoptosis was significantly induced by GA treatment. The intrinsic apoptosis pathway was included, proved by the release of cytochrome c (Cyto-c) from the mitochondria into the cytosol...
January 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351720/structural-interconversion-in-alzheimer-s-amyloid-%C3%AE-16-35-peptide-in-an-aqueous-solution
#8
Nelson Alves, Rafael B Frigori
Structural properties of Aβ(16-35) fragment are investigated as a model for the amyloid-β peptide excluding its coil-inducing terminals. Our Replica-Exchange Molecular Dynamics simulations using all-atoms and explicit aqueous solvation widely reduce any structural bias. The principal folding pathway shows direct conversion of coil to β-sheet, without the long proposed helix intermediates. Our PCA analysis indicates that the fragment is also intrinsically disordered, as the full amyloid-β peptide. Thus, the observed folding mechanism lacks free-energy barriers and any peaks in the thermal capacity...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351552/in-situ-recording-of-ionic-currents-in-projection-neurons-and-kenyon-cells-in-the-olfactory-pathway-of-the-honeybee
#9
Jan Kropf, Wolfgang Rössler
The honeybee olfactory pathway comprises an intriguing pattern of convergence and divergence: ~60.000 olfactory sensory neurons (OSN) convey olfactory information on ~900 projection neurons (PN) in the antennal lobe (AL). To transmit this information reliably, PNs employ relatively high spiking frequencies with complex patterns. PNs project via a dual olfactory pathway to the mushroom bodies (MB). This pathway comprises the medial (m-ALT) and the lateral antennal lobe tract (l-ALT). PNs from both tracts transmit information from a wide range of similar odors, but with distinct differences in coding properties...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351410/hypoxia-selectively-upregulates-cation-channels-and-increases-cytosolic-ca2-in-pulmonary-but-not-coronary-arterial-smooth-muscle-cells
#10
Xi He, Shanshan Song, Ramon J Ayon, Angela Balisterieri, Stephen M Black, Ayako Makino, W Gil Wier, Wei-Jin Zang, Jason X-J Yuan
Ca2+ signaling, particularly the mechanism via store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) and receptor-operated Ca2+ entry (ROCE), plays a critical role in the development of acute hypoxia-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction and chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that chronic hypoxia differentially regulates the expression of proteins that mediate SOCE and ROCE (STIM, Orai, and TRPC6) in pulmonary (PASMC) and coronary (CASMC) artery smooth muscle cells. The resting cytosolic [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]cyt) and the stored [Ca2+] in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) were not different in CASMC and PASMC...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350911/a-programmable-dna-origami-platform-for-organizing-intrinsically-disordered-nucleoporins-within-nanopore-confinement
#11
Patrick D Ellis Fisher, Qi Shen, Bernice Akpinar, Luke K Davis, Kenny Kwok Hin Chung, David Baddeley, Andela Saric, Thomas J Melia, Bart W Hoogenboom, Chenxiang Lin, C Patrick Lusk
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) form gateways that control molecular exchange between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. They impose a diffusion barrier to macromolecules and enable the selective transport of nuclear transport receptors with bound cargo. The underlying mechanisms that establish these permeability properties remain to be fully elucidated, but require unstructured nuclear pore proteins rich in Phe-Gly (FG)-repeat domains of different types, such as FxFG and GLFG. While physical modeling and in vitro approaches have provided a framework for explaining how the FG network contributes to the barrier and transport properties of the NPC, it remains unknown whether the number and/or the spatial positioning of different FG-domains along a cylindrical, ~40 nm diameter transport channel contributes to their collective properties and function...
January 19, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350734/a-nearly-perfect-spin-filter-and-a-spin-logic-gate-based-on-a-porphyrin-graphene-hybrid-material
#12
Jing Zeng, Ke-Qiu Chen
Although a lot of theoretical studies have designed perfect spin filters using inorganic/organic/organometallic materials, their fabrication methods are not experimentally feasible. This dilemma could be solved by a recent experiment, where porphyrins have been covalently coupled to graphene edges in a precise manner (Y. He et al., Nat. Chem., 2017, 9, 33-38). In particular, experimental results confirmed that the intrinsic features of porphyrins for metallation are preserved after dehydrogenative coupling to graphene edges, paving the way for realizing synthesizable spintronic devices...
January 19, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350724/effects-of-point-defects-on-the-magnetoelectronic-structures-of-mxenes-from-first-principles
#13
Arkamita Bandyopadhyay, Dibyajyoti Ghosh, Swapan K Pati
"MXene", a new class of two dimensional materials, has attracted considerable research interest due to its unusual chemical bonding pattern as well as promising technological applications. Like other 2D materials, very recently, these classes of materials were also found to be prone to structural defects, thus altering the electronic and transport properties of the host. Using extensive first-principles based simulations, we investigated the structural and magnetoelectronic (i.e., magnetic and electronic) behaviour of the most probable point defects in these MXene systems, such as single vacancies and Schottky type double vacancies...
January 19, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350630/gaas-quantum-dots-in-a-gap-nanowire-photodetector
#14
Paul Kuyanov, Simon McNamee, Ray R LaPierre
We report the structural, optical and electrical properties of GaAs quantum dots (QDs) embedded along GaP nanowires. The GaP nanowires contained p-i-n junctions with 15 GaAs QDs within the intrinsic region. The nanowires were grown by molecular beam epitaxy using the self-assisted vapor-liquid-solid process. The crystal structure of the NW alternated between twinned ZB and WZ as the composition along the NW alternated between the GaP barriers and the GaAs QDs, respectively, leading to a polytypic structure with a periodic modulation of the NW sidewall facets...
January 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349707/piperazine-clubbed-with-2-azetidinone-derivatives-suppresses-proliferation-migration-and-induces-apoptosis-in-human-cervical-cancer-hela-cells-through-oxidative-stress-mediated-intrinsic-mitochondrial-pathway
#15
Rashmin Khanam, Raj Kumar, Iram Iqbal Hejazi, Syed Shahabuddin, Ramovatar Meena, Vikrant Jayant, Prabhat Kumar, Abdul Roouf Bhat, Fareeda Athar
Piperazine scaffolds or 2-azetidinone pharmacophores have been reported to show anti-cancer activities and apoptosis induction in different types of cancer cells. However, the mechanistic studies involve in induction of apoptosis addressing these two moieties for human cervical cancer cells remain uncertain. The present study emphasizes on the anti-proliferating properties and mechanism involved in induction of apoptosis for these structurally related azoles derivatives in HeLa cancer cells. 1-Phenylpiperazine clubbed with 2-azetidione derivatives (5a-5h) were synthesized, characterized using various spectroscopic techniques and evaluated for their in-vitro anti-proliferative activities and induction of apoptosis...
January 18, 2018: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348534/anti-cancer-activities-of-allyl-isothiocyanate-and-its-conjugated-silicon-quantum-dots
#16
Peng Liu, Mehrnaz Behray, Qi Wang, Wei Wang, Zhigang Zhou, Yimin Chao, Yongping Bao
Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), a dietary phytochemical in some cruciferous vegetables, exhibits promising anticancer activities in many cancer models. However, previous data showed AITC to have a biphasic effect on cell viability, DNA damage and migration in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. Moreover, in a 3D co-culture of HUVEC with pericytes, it inhibited tube formation at high doses but promoted this at low doses, which confirmed its biphasic effect on angiogenesis. siRNA knockdown of Nrf2 and glutathione inhibition abolished the stimulation effect of AITC on cell migration and DNA damage...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347875/universal-informative-cpg-sites-for-inferring-tumor-purity-from-dna-methylation-microarray-data
#17
Haixia Dou, Yun Fang, Xiaoqi Zheng
Tumor purity is an intrinsic property of tumor samples and potentially has severe impact on many types of data analysis. We have previously developed a statistical method, InfiniumPurify, which could infer purity of a tumor sample given its tumor type (available in TCGA) or a set of informative CpG (iDMC) sites. However, in many clinical practices, researchers may focus on a specific type of tumor samples that is not included in TCGA, and samples which are too few to identify reliable iDMCs. This greatly restricts the application of InfiniumPurify in cancer research...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347779/effective-viscosity-of-a-suspension-of-flagellar-beating-microswimmers-three-dimensional-modeling
#18
Levan Jibuti, Walter Zimmermann, Salima Rafaï, Philippe Peyla
Micro-organisms usually can swim in their liquid environment by flagellar or ciliary beating. In this numerical work, we analyze the influence of flagellar beating on the orbits of a swimming cell in a shear flow. We also calculate the effect of the flagellar beating on the rheology of a dilute suspension of microswimmers. A three-dimensional model is proposed for Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii swimming with a breaststroke-like beating of two anterior flagella modeled by two counter-rotating fore beads. The active swimmer model reveals unusual angular orbits in a linear shear flow...
November 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347464/erosion-and-deposition-processes-in-surface-granular-flows
#19
T Trinh, P Boltenhagen, R Delannay, A Valance
We report on experiments aiming at characterizing erosion and deposition processes on a tilted granular bed. We investigate the existence of the neutral angle, that is, the critical angle at which erosion exactly balances accretion after the passage of a granular avalanche of a finite mass. Experiments show in particular that the neutral angle depends on both avalanche mass and shape but is rather insensitive to the bed length. This result strongly suggests that the effective friction between the static and mobile granular phases cannot be taken as an intrinsic property that is only material dependent but should be considered a flow-dependent property...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347233/dynamics-and-energy-spectra-of-aperiodic-discrete-time-quantum-walks
#20
N Lo Gullo, C V Ambarish, Th Busch, L Dell'Anna, C M Chandrashekar
We investigate the role of different aperiodic sequences in the dynamics of single quantum particles in discrete space and time. For this we consider three aperiodic sequences, namely, the Fibonacci, Thue-Morse, and Rudin-Shapiro sequences, as examples of tilings the diffraction spectra of which have pure point, singular continuous, and absolutely continuous support, respectively. Our interest is to understand how the order, intrinsically introduced by the deterministic rule used to generate the aperiodic sequences, is reflected in the dynamical properties of the quantum system...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
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