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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531116/photoreactions-of-endohedral-metallofullerene-with-siliranes-electronic-properties-of-carbosilylated-lu%C3%A2-n-ih-c80
#1
Masahiro Kako, Kazuya Minami, Taiki Kuroiwa, Shinpei Fukazawa, Yuki Arikawa, Michio Yamada, Yutaka Maeda, Qiao-Zhi Li, Shigeru Nagase, Takeshi Akasaka
Photochemical carbosilylation of Lu₃N@Ih-C80 was performed using siliranes (silacyclopropanes) to afford the corresponding [5,6]- and [6,6]-adducts. Electrochemical studies indicated that the redox potentials of the carbosilylated derivatives were shifted cathodically in comparison with those of the [5,6]-pyrrolidino adducts. The electronic effect of the silirane addends on Lu₃N@Ih-C80 was verified on the basis of density functional theory calculations.
May 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528186/the-pouch-of-the-douglas-s-pouch
#2
I Sall, E Diémé, M Diallo, E Bénadji, M Diouf, B Ndiaye, O Fall, A Sow, I C Diakhaté, M Ogougbémy
Hernia is described as the protrusion of an organ into the wall of its normal containing cavity. Internal hernia (IH) involves protrusion of viscera through: a peritoneal or mesentery defect, a normal or abnormal compartment of the peritoneal cavity. Hernias occurring in the pelvis cavity are usually classified according to the fascial margins breached and include sciatic, obturator and those through the rectouterin pouch: elytrocele and enterocele. Those hernias are defined by the protrusion of a viscus through the wall of the pelvis due to weakness of the pelvic fascia and/or muscles...
May 17, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527110/a-review-of-the-hemodynamic-factors-believed-to-contribute-to-vascular-access-dysfunction
#3
Connor V Cunnane, Eoghan M Cunnane, Michael T Walsh
A vascular access (VA) is used to facilitate hemodialysis in patients that suffer from end-stage renal disease. However, they suffer from high failure rates due to non-maturation and venous stenosis, with intimal hyperplasia (IH) the underlying cause of both conditions. Abnormal hemodynamic profiles, which arise following VA creation, are believed to lead to the development of IH. However, the exact physiological response that initiates this process is unknown. This review evaluates the different hemodynamic parameters that are hypothesised to correlate with the development of IH...
May 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525492/degenerative-cervical-disc-disease-long-term-changes-in-sagittal-alignment-and-their-clinical-implications-after-cervical-interbody-fusion-cage-subsidence-a-prospective-study-with-standalone-lordotic-tantalum-cages
#4
Félix Tomé-Bermejo, Julián A Morales-Valencia, Javier Moreno-Pérez, Juan Marfil-Pérez, Elena Díaz-Dominguez, Angel R Piñera, Luis Alvarez
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study of prospectively collected outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term clinical course of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with interbody fusion cages (ACDF-IFC) with lordotic tantalum implants and to correlate the radiologic findings with the clinical outcomes, with special emphasis on the significance and the influence of implant subsidence. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cage subsidence is the most frequently reported complication after ACDF-IFC...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524835/collapsin-response-mediator-protein-2-induced-retinal-ischemic-injury-in-a-novel-mice-model-of-ocular-ischemia-syndrome
#5
Yu Wang, Xiao-Lei Wang, Guo-Li Xie, Hong-Yang Li, Yan-Ling Wang
BACKGROUND: Collapsin response mediator protein-2 (CRMP2) has been shown to be involved in ischemia/hypoxia (IH) injury. We determined whether CRMP2 modulates ischemic injury in the retinal of Ocular ischemic syndrome (OIS). This study was to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying OIS in a novel mice model. METHODS: Experiments were performed on adult male C57/BL6 mice that received bilateral internal carotid arteries ligation for 1, 2, or 4 weeks. The mice received injection of calpeptin group before occlusion for 4 weeks or not...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523361/can-laparoscopic-surgery-prevent-incisional-hernia-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-a-comparison-study-of-750-patients-undergoing-open-and-laparoscopic-bowel-resection
#6
Tomas M Heimann, Santosh Swaminathan, Adrian J Greenstein, Alexander J Greenstein, Sergey Khaitov, Randolph M Steinhagen, Barry A Salky
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia (IH) is a frequent occurrence following open surgery for Crohn's disease (CD). This study compares the IH rates of patients with CD undergoing open versus laparoscopic bowel resection. METHODS: Seven hundred and fifty patients with CD operated by the authors at the Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, USA, were reviewed from a prospectively maintained surgical database. Five hundred patients with Crohn's disease undergoing open surgery were compared to 250 patients undergoing laparoscopic bowel resection...
May 18, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520518/arrested-development-infantile-hemangioma-and-the-stem-cell-teratogenic-hypothesis
#7
Shaghayegh Harbi, Hannah Park, Michael Gregory, Peter Lopez, Luis Chiriboga, Paolo Mignatti
BACKGROUND: Early-life programming is defined by the adaptive changes made by the fetus in response to an adverse in utero environment. Infantile hemangioma (IH), a vascular anomaly, is the most common tumor of infancy. Here we take IH as the tumor model to propose the stem cell teratogenic hypothesis of tumorigenesis and the potential involvement of the immune system. OBJECTIVES: Teratogenic agents include chemicals, heavy metals, pathogens, and ionizing radiation...
May 18, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507949/voltammetric-determination-of-ivabradine-hydrochloride-using-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes-modified-electrode-in-presence-of-sodium-dodecyl-sulfate
#8
Ali Kamal Attia, Nisreen Farouk Abo-Talib, Marwa Hosny Tammam
Purpose: A new sensitive sensor was fabricated for the determination of ivabradine hydrochloride (IH) based on modification with multiwalled carbon nanotubes using sodium dodecyl sulfate as micellar medium to increase the sensitivity. Methods: The electrochemical behavior of IH was studied in Britton-Robinson buffer (pH: 2.0-11.0) using cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry. Results: The voltammetric response was linear over the range of 3.984 x 10(-6)-3.475 x 10(-5) mol L(-1). The limits of detection and quantification were found to be 5...
April 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507428/propranolol-therapy-for-infantile-hemangioma-our-experience
#9
Ling Zhang, Hai-Wei Wu, Weien Yuan, Jia-Wei Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Hemangiomas are the most common benign vascular tumors of infancy. Although most infantile hemangiomas (IHs) have the ability to involute spontaneously after initial proliferation and resolve without consequence, intervention is required in a subset of IHs, which develop complications resulting in ulceration, bleeding, or aesthetic deformity. The primary treatment for this subset of IHs is pharmacological intervention, and propranolol has become the new first-line treatment for complicated hemangiomas...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506148/large-scale-phase-synchrony-reflects-clinical-status-after-stroke-an-eeg-study
#10
Teiji Kawano, Noriaki Hattori, Yutaka Uno, Keiichi Kitajo, Megumi Hatakenaka, Hajime Yagura, Hiroaki Fujimoto, Tomomi Yoshioka, Michiko Nagasako, Hironori Otomune, Ichiro Miyai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke-induced focal brain lesions often exert remote effects via residual neural network activity. Electroencephalographic (EEG) techniques can assess neural network modifications after brain damage. Recently, EEG phase synchrony analyses have shown associations between the level of large-scale phase synchrony of brain activity and clinical symptoms; however, few reports have assessed such associations in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical relevance of hemispheric phase synchrony in stroke patients by calculating its correlation with clinical status...
June 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505449/interfacial-water-arrangement-in-the-ice-bound-state-of-an-antifreeze-protein-a-molecular-dynamics-simulation-study
#11
Uday Sankar Midya, Sanjoy Bandyopadhyay
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been carried out to study the heterogeneous ice nucleation on modeled peptide surfaces. Simulations show that large peptide surfaces made by TxT (threonine-x-threonine) motifs with the arrangements of threonine (Thr) residues identical to the periodic arrangements of waters on either the basal or prism plane of ice are capable of ice nucleation. Nucleated ice plane is the (0001) basal plane of hexagonal ice (Ih) or (111) plane of cubic ice (Ic). However, due to predefined simulation cell dimensions, the ice growth is only observed on the surface where the Thr residues are arranged like the water arrangement on the basal plane of ice Ih...
May 23, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499973/activation-of-dopamine-d1-receptors-enhances-the-temporal-summation-and-excitability-of-rat-retinal-ganglion-cells
#12
Peng Cui, Xue-Yan Li, Yuan Zhao, Qian Li, Feng Gao, Ling-Zhu Li, Ning Yin, Xing-Huai Sun, Zhongfeng Wang
Dopamine (DA), an important neurotransmitter and neuromodulator, plays important roles in neuronal physiological functions by activating G-protein-coupled DA D1 and/or D2 receptors. Previous studies have demonstrated that D1 receptors are functionally expressed in retinal neurons and glial cells, including ganglion cells. In this study, we explored the effects of D1 receptor activation on retinal ganglion cell (RGC) temporal summation and excitability in rat retinal slices using electrophysiological techniques...
May 10, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496413/cholera-toxin-induces-sustained-hyperexcitability-in-myenteric-but-not-submucosal-ah-neurons-in-guinea-pig-jejunum
#13
Katerina Koussoulas, Rachel M Gwynne, Jaime P P Foong, Joel C Bornstein
Background and Aims: Cholera toxin (CT)-induced hypersecretion requires activation of secretomotor pathways in the enteric nervous system (ENS). AH neurons, which have been identified as a population of intrinsic sensory neurons (ISNs), are a source of excitatory input to the secretomotor pathways. We therefore examined effects of CT in the intestinal lumen on myenteric and submucosal AH neurons. Methods: Isolated segments of guinea pig jejunum were incubated for 90 min with saline plus CT (12.5 μg/ml) or CT + neurotransmitter antagonist, or CT + tetrodotoxin (TTX) in their lumen...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495418/structural-study-of-the-cremaster-muscle-in-patients-with-retractile-testis
#14
Luciano A Favorito, Kleber M Anderson, Suelen F Costa, Waldemar S Costa, Francisco Jb Sampaio
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the structure of the cremaster in patients with retractile testis (RT), comparing the distribution of nerves, elastic system and muscles with patients having cryptorchidism and inguinal hernia (IH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 31 patients, 17 with RT (mean age=5.17years); 9 with IH (mean age=2.6) and 5 with cryptorchidism (mean age=3). A cremaster biopsy was performed and submitted to routine histological processing and studied using histochemistry and immunohistochemistry...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487487/single-crystal-ih-ice-surfaces-unveil-connection-between-macroscopic-and-molecular-structure
#15
Alexandra Brumberg, Kevin Hammonds, Ian Baker, Ellen H G Backus, Patrick J Bisson, Mischa Bonn, Charles P Daghlian, Markus D Mezger, Mary Jane Shultz
Physics and chemistry of ice surfaces are not only of fundamental interest but also have important impacts on biological and environmental processes. As ice surfaces-particularly the two prism faces-come under greater scrutiny, it is increasingly important to connect the macroscopic faces with the molecular-level structure. The microscopic structure of the ubiquitous ice Ih crystal is well-known. It consists of stacked layers of chair-form hexagonal rings referred to as molecular hexagons. Crystallographic unit cells can be assembled into a regular right hexagonal prism...
May 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475984/structure-of-water-molecules-from-raman-measurements-of-cooling-different-concentrations-of-naoh-solutions
#16
Fabing Li, Zhanlong Li, Shenghan Wang, Shuo Li, Zhiwei Men, Shunli Ouyang, Chenglin Sun
The Raman spectra of different concentrations of NaOH solutions have been successfully obtained at normal pressure by cooling. The results indicate that the icing point and the ice phase transition temperature of NaOH solutions decrease with increasing concentrations. Particularly, the different concentrations (2, 4, 6 or 8 and 12M) take place the liquid- III- Ih, liquid- V- Ih, liquid- VI- XV and liquid- IX- VI phase transition, respectively. In addition, the three peaks of around 3524, 3580 and 3624cm(-1) appear spectra of the NaOH solutions at low temperature...
April 26, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473717/safety-and-tolerance-of-propranolol-in-neonates-with-severe-infantile-hemangiomas-a-prospective-study
#17
Yi Ji, Siyuan Chen, Bo Xiang, Yang Yang, Liqing Qiu
Although the efficacy of propranolol for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IHs) has been well documented, there is a paucity of clinical data regarding the safety and tolerance of propranolol in neonates. A prospective study of 51 patients less than 30 days of age with severe IH was conducted. All patients were admitted to the hospital for monitoring during initial propranolol treatment at day 0 with dose adjustments at days 7 and 28. Heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), blood glucose (BG) levels and potential side effects were evaluated during treatment...
May 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472672/genome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-genes-encoding-cyclohexylamine-degradation-in-a-novel-cyclohexylamine-degrading-bacterial-strain-of-pseudomonas-plecoglossicida-nyz12
#18
Da-Zhong Yan, Xin Li, Cun-Zhi Li, Ling-Qi Mao, Xiang-Qun Chi, Ning-Yi Zhou, Dong-Yan Liu
The Gram-negative strain of Pseudomonas plecoglossicida NyZ12 isolated from soil has the ability to degrade cyclohexylamine (CHAM). The genes encoding CHAM degradation by gram-negative bacteria, however, have not been reported previously. In this study, ORFs predicted to encode CHAM degradation by NyZ12 were identified by bioinformatics analysis. Differential expression of the proposed ORFs was analyzed via RNA-seq and quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR), using RNA extracted from NyZ12 cultured with or without CHAM addition...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472061/sex-differences-in-mouse-transient-receptor-potential-cation-channel-subfamily-m-member-8-expressing-trigeminal-ganglion-neurons
#19
Robert M Caudle, Stephanie L Caudle, Alan C Jenkins, Andrew H Ahn, John K Neubert
The detection of cool temperatures is thought to be mediated by primary afferent neurons that express the cool temperature sensing protein Transient Receptor Potential Cation Channel, Subfamily M, Member 8 (TRPM8). Using mice, this study tested the hypothesis that sex differences in sensitivity to cool temperatures were mediated by differences in neurons that express TRPM8. Ion currents from TRPM8 expressing trigeminal ganglion (TRG) neurons in females demonstrated larger hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated currents (Ih) than male neurons at both 30° and 18°C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469560/hcn-channel-modulation-of-synaptic-integration-in-gabaergic-interneurons-in-malformed-rat-neocortex
#20
Asher J Albertson, Andrew S Bohannon, John J Hablitz
Cortical malformations are often associated with pharmaco-resistant epilepsy. Alterations in hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated, non-specific cation (HCN) channels have been shown to contribute to malformation associated hyperexcitability. We have recently demonstrated that expression of HCN channels and Ih current amplitudes are reduced in layer (L) 5 pyramidal neurons of rats with freeze lesion induced malformations. These changes were associated with an increased EPSP temporal summation...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
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