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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051216/prolyl-4-hydroxylase-domain-protein-3-overexpression-improved-obstructive-sleep-apnea-induced-cardiac-perivascular-fibrosis-partially-by-suppressing-endothelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#1
Guang-Hao Zhang, Fu-Chao Yu, Yang Li, Qin Wei, Song-Song Song, Fang-Ping Zhou, Jia-Yi Tong
BACKGROUND: Intermittent hypoxia (IH) induced by obstructive sleep apnea is the key factor involved in cardiovascular fibrosis. Under persistent hypoxia condition, endothelial cells respond by endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), which is associated with cardiovascular fibrosis. Prolyl 4-hydroxylase domain protein 3 (PHD3) is a cellular oxygen sensor and its expression increased in hypoxia. However, its role in obstructive sleep apnea-induced EndMT and cardiovascular fibrosis is still uncertain...
October 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048435/the-low-temperature-dynamic-crossover-in-the-dielectric-relaxation-of-ice-ih
#2
Ivan Popov, Ivan Lunev, Airat Khamzin, Anna Greenbaum Gutina, Yuri Gusev, Yuri Feldman
Based on the idea of defect migration as the principal mechanism in the dielectric relaxation of ice Ih, the concept of low-temperature dynamic crossover was proposed. It is known that at high temperatures, the diffusion of Bjerrum and ionic defects is high and their movement may be considered to be independent. Simple switching between these two mechanisms leads to a dynamic crossover at ∼235 K. By introducing coupling between the Bjerrum and ionic defects, it is possible to describe the smooth bend in the relaxation time at low temperatures in ice Ih...
October 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044908/tumor-radiomic-heterogeneity-multiparametric-functional-imaging-to-characterize-variability-and-predict-response-following-cervical-cancer-radiation-therapy
#3
Stephen R Bowen, William T C Yuh, Daniel S Hippe, Wei Wu, Savannah C Partridge, Saba Elias, Guang Jia, Zhibin Huang, George A Sandison, Dennis Nelson, Michael V Knopp, Simon S Lo, Paul E Kinahan, Nina A Mayr
BACKGROUND: Robust approaches to quantify tumor heterogeneity are needed to provide early decision support for precise individualized therapy. PURPOSE: To conduct a technical exploration of longitudinal changes in tumor heterogeneity patterns on dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and FDG positron emission tomography / computed tomography (PET/CT), and their association to radiation therapy (RT) response in cervical cancer...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043695/-vascular-anomalies-in-the-neonatal-period
#4
M Bejarano, F Vicario, A Soria, F J Parri, A Albert
OBJECTIVE: Vascular anomalies in the neonatal period are a diagnostic challenge for the lack of evident signs, symptoms and follow-up, and the convenience of restricting aggressive diagnostic tests. The aim of this work is to review the characteristics of neonatal cases presented to our Vascular Anomalies Unit in the last 5 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cases of suspected vascular anomaly presented to our unit before 1 month of age between 2010 and 2015 were reviewed, diagnostic tests and treatments carried out with chronology were analyzed...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042972/expression-and-association-of-vegf-notch-pathways-in-infantile-hemangiomas
#5
Shangbin Li, Guangqi Xu, Feng Gao, Jianhai Bi, Ran Huo
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and Notch signaling pathways have been identified to be involved in the neovascularization, and angiogenesis of various tumor types. However, there is little data regarding their roles and association in infantile hemangiomas (IHs). In the present study, the significance and association of the VEGF-VEGF receptor (R)2, and δ like canonical Notch ligand 4 (Dll4)-Notch1 pathways in different clinical phases of IHs were investigated. Specimens in the proliferating phase (n=15) and involuting phase (n=12) were collected...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040986/comparison-of-sofosbuvir-plus-ribavirin-treatment-with-pegylated-interferon-plus-ribavirin-treatment-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-genotype-2
#6
Kayo Seo, Soo Ki Kim, Soo Ryang Kim, Aya Ohtani, Mana Kobayashi, Airi Kato, Eri Morimoto, Yuka Saijo, Ke Ih Kim, Susumu Imoto, Chi Wan Kim, Yoshihiko Yano, Masatoshi Kudo, Yoshitake Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Sofosbuvir plus ribavirin (RBV) therapy showed higher sustained virological response at 12 weeks after treatment (SVR12) than pegylated interferon (peg-IFN) plus RBV; however, liver function, fibrosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma markers have not been assessed so far. SUMMARY: Patients (n = 21) receiving Sofosbuvir plus RBV and those (n = 24) receiving peg-IFN plus RBV were enrolled in this study. Changes in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and α-fetoprotein (AFP) levels, platelet (PLT) counts, FIB-4, and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) in both groups were assessed in patients achieving SVR12...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039446/protective-effect-of-autophagy-in-neural-ischemia-and-hypoxia-negative-regulation-of-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#7
Zhen-Yu Shi, Jie-Xin Deng, Su Fu, Lai Wang, Qiang Wang, Bin Liu, Yong-Qiang Li, Jin-Bo Deng
Autophagy is a highly conserved process of self-digestion to promote cell survival in response to nutrient starvation and other metabolic stresses. However, whether ischemic-hypoxic (IH) injury-induced autophagy acts as a neuroprotective mechanism or leads to neuroinjury is a subject of debate. It is known that autophagy is regulated by signaling pathways, including the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway. However, in neural IH injury, whether other signaling pathways are involved in the regulation of autophagy remains to be fully elucidated...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037028/topological-self-assembly-of-highly-symmetric-lanthanide-clusters-a-magnetic-study-of-exchange-coupling-fingerprints-in-giant-gadolinium-iii-cages
#8
Lei Qin, Guojun Zhou, You-Zhu Yu, Hiroyuki Nojiri, Christian Schröder, Richard E P Winpenny, Yan-Zhen Zheng
The creation of a perfect hollow nanoscopic sphere of metal centres is clearly an unrealisable synthetic challenge. It is however an inspirational challenge, from the viewpoint of chemical architecture and also as finite molecular species may provide unique microscopic insight into the origin and onset of phenomena such as topological spin-frustration effects found in infinite 2D and 3D systems. Herein, we report a series of high symmetry gadolinium(III) (S = 7/2) polyhedra, Gd20, Gd32, Gd50 and Gd60, to test an approach based on assembling polymetallic fragments that contain different polygons...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035003/hepatitis-b-core-related-antigen-hbcrag-an-emerging-marker-for-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#9
REVIEW
L-Y Mak, D K-H Wong, K-S Cheung, W-K Seto, C-L Lai, M-F Yuen
BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) cannot be completely eradicated due to the presence of covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) in the nuclei of infected hepatocytes. While quantification of intrahepatic cccDNA requires liver biopsies, serological markers can be non-invasive alternatives to reflect intrahepatic viral replicative activity. Recently, hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) has been advocated as a novel serum marker for disease monitoring and prognostication of CHB...
October 16, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033904/an-improved-in-house-maldi-tof-ms-protocol-for-direct-cost-effective-identification-of-pathogens-from-blood-cultures
#10
Menglan Zhou, Qiwen Yang, Timothy Kudinha, Liying Sun, Rui Zhang, Chang Liu, Shuying Yu, Meng Xiao, Fanrong Kong, Yupei Zhao, Ying-Chun Xu
Background: Bloodstream infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients worldwide. Delays in the identification of microorganisms often leads to a poor prognosis. The application of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) directly to blood culture (BC) broth can potentially identify bloodstream infections earlier, and facilitate timely management. Methods: We developed an "in-house" (IH) protocol for direct MALDI-TOF MS based identification of organisms in positive BCs...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031263/2d-ir-spectroscopy-of-high-pressure-phases-of-ice
#11
Halina Tran, Ana V Cunha, Jacob J Shephard, Andrey Shalit, Peter Hamm, Thomas L C Jansen, Christoph G Salzmann
We present experimental and simulated 2D IR spectra of some high-pressure forms of isotope-pure D2O ice and compare the results to those of ice Ih published previously [F. Perakis and P. Hamm, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 6250 (2012); L. Shi et al., ibid. 18, 3772 (2016)]. Ice II, ice V, and ice XIII have been chosen for this study, since this selection covers many aspects of the polymorphism of ice. That is, ice II is a hydrogen-ordered phase of ice, in contrast to ice Ih, while ice V and ice XIII are a hydrogen-disordered/ordered couple that shares essentially the same oxygen structure and hydrogen-bonded network...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030224/transfer-molded-wrappable-microneedle-meshes-for-perivascular-drug-delivery
#12
JiYong Lee, Dae Hyun Kim, Kang Ju Lee, Il Ho Seo, Seung Hyun Park, Eui Hwa Jang, Youngjoo Park, Young-Nam Youn, WonHyoung Ryu
After surgical procedures such as coronary/peripheral bypass grafting or endarterectomy for the treatment of organ ischemia derived from atherosclerosis, intimal hyperplasia (IH) which leads to restenosis or occlusion at the site of graft anastomosis frequently occurs. In order to inhibit IH caused by abnormal growth of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in tunica media, various perivascular drug delivery devices are reported for delivery of anti-proliferation drugs into vascular tissue. However, there still remain conflicting requirements such as local and unidirectional delivery vs device porosity, and conformal tight device installation vs pulsatile expansion and constriction of blood vessels...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019471/infantile-hemangioma-factors-causing-recurrence-after-propranolol-treatment
#13
Lei Chang, Dongze Lv, Zhang Yu, Gang Ma, Hanru Ying, Yajing Qiu, Yifei Gu, Yunbo Jin, Hui Chen, Xiaoxi Lin
BackgroundPropranolol is the first-choice treatment for severe infantile hemangioma (IH). However, 10- 30% of lesions relapse after propranolol treatment. The mechanisms underlying IH recurrence after propranolol treatment have not been completely elucidated.MethodsThis study combined an examination of hemodynamic changes with research regarding hemangioma stem cells (hscs) with differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) to identify the factors affecting IH recurrence after propranolol treatment. Hemodynamic changes were monitored in 21 recurrent cases using high-frequency color Doppler ultrasound, and hscs were treated with different concentrations of propranolol...
October 11, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993649/a-three-dimensional-view-of-structural-changes-caused-by-deactivation-of-fluid-catalytic-cracking-catalysts
#14
J Ihli, R R Jacob, M Holler, M Guizar-Sicairos, A Diaz, J C da Silva, D Ferreira Sanchez, F Krumeich, D Grolimund, M Taddei, W -C Cheng, Y Shu, A Menzel, J A van Bokhoven
Since its commercial introduction three-quarters of a century ago, fluid catalytic cracking has been one of the most important conversion processes in the petroleum industry. In this process, porous composites composed of zeolite and clay crack the heavy fractions in crude oil into transportation fuel and petrochemical feedstocks. Yet, over time the catalytic activity of these composite particles decreases. Here, we report on ptychographic tomography, diffraction, and fluorescence tomography, as well as electron microscopy measurements, which elucidate the structural changes that lead to catalyst deactivation...
October 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987615/improving-the-quality-of-depression-and-pain-care-in-multiple-sclerosis-using-collaborative-care-the-ms-care-trial-protocol
#15
Dawn M Ehde, Kevin N Alschuler, Mark D Sullivan, Ivan P Molton, Marcia A Ciol, Charles H Bombardier, Mary C Curran, Kevin J Gertz, Annette Wundes, Jesse R Fann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based pharmacological and behavioral interventions are often underutilized or inaccessible to persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have chronic pain and/or depression. Collaborative care is an evidence-based patient-centered, integrated, system-level approach to improving the quality and outcomes of depression care. We describe the development of and randomized controlled trial testing a novel intervention, MS Care, which uses a collaborative care model to improve the care of depression and chronic pain in a MS specialty care setting...
October 4, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986426/increase-of-stroke-incidence-in-young-adults-in-a-middle-income-country-a-10-year-population-based-study
#16
Norberto Luiz Cabral, Aracélli Tavares Freire, Adriana Bastos Conforto, Nayara Dos Santos, Felipe Ibiapina Reis, Vivian Nagel, Vanessa V Guesser, Juliana Safanelli, Alexandre L Longo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The incidence of stroke is on the rise in young adults in high-income countries. However, there is a gap of knowledge about trends in stroke incidence in young adults from low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to measure trends in incidence of ischemic stroke (IS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (IH) in young people from 2005 to 2015 in Joinville, Brazil. METHODS: We retrospectively ascertained all first-ever IS subtypes and IH that occurred in Joinville in the periods of 2005 to 2006, 2010 to 2011, and 2014 to 2015...
October 6, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983455/long-term-cognitive-and-somatic-outcomes-of-enzyme-replacement-therapy-in-untransplanted-hurler-syndrome
#17
Julie B Eisengart, Jeanine Jarnes, Alia Ahmed, Igor Nestrasil, Richard Ziegler, Kathleen Delaney, Elsa Shapiro, Chester Whitley
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) was added to the Recommended Uniform Screening Panel for newborn screening in 2016, highlighting recognition that early treatment of MPS I is critical to stem progressive, irreversible disease manifestations. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is an approved treatment for all MPS I phenotypes, but because the severe form (MPS IH, Hurler syndrome) involves rapid neurocognitive decline, the impermeable blood-brain-barrier is considered an obstacle for ERT. Instead, hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has long been recommended, as it is believed to be the only therapy that arrests neurocognitive decline...
December 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981203/localization-and-speciation-of-iron-impurities-within-a-fluid-catalytic-cracking-catalyst
#18
Johannes Ihli, Dario Ferreira Sanchez, Rosh R Jacob, Vera Cuartero, Olivier Mathon, Frank Krumeich, Camelia Borca, Thomas Huthwelker, Wu-Cheng Cheng, YuYing Shu, Sakura Pascarelli, Daniel Grolimund, Andreas Menzel, Jeroen A van Bokhoven
Fluid catalytic cracking is a chemical conversion process of industrial scale. This process, utilizing porous catalysts composed of clay and zeolite, converts heavy crude-oil fractions into transportation fuel and petrochemical feedstocks. Among other factors iron-rich reactor and feedstream impurities cause these catalyst particles to permanently deactivate. Herein, we report tomographic X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements that reveal the presence of dissimilar iron impurities of specific localization within a single deactivated particle...
September 5, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977888/accelerated-tumor-growth-under-intermittent-hypoxia-is-associated-with-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-dependent-adaptive-responses-to-hypoxia
#19
Dae Wui Yoon, Daeho So, Sra Min, Jiyoung Kim, Mingyu Lee, Roza Khalmuratova, Chung-Hyun Cho, Jong-Wan Park, Hyun-Woo Shin
Mounting evidence has revealed a causative role of intermittent hypoxia (IH) in cancer progression in mouse models of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but most studies have focused on the effects of IH following tumor implantation using an exposure to single IH frequency. Thus, we aimed to investigate 1) the potential effect of IH on the initial tumor growth in patients with OSA without an interaction with other mechanisms induced by IH in mice and 2) the influence of the IH frequency on tumor growth, which were tested using pre-conditioning with IH (Pre-IH) and 2 different IH frequencies, respectively...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973868/ab-initio-theory-and-modeling-of-water
#20
Mohan Chen, Hsin-Yu Ko, Richard C Remsing, Marcos F Calegari Andrade, Biswajit Santra, Zhaoru Sun, Annabella Selloni, Roberto Car, Michael L Klein, John P Perdew, Xifan Wu
Water is of the utmost importance for life and technology. However, a genuinely predictive ab initio model of water has eluded scientists. We demonstrate that a fully ab initio approach, relying on the strongly constrained and appropriately normed (SCAN) density functional, provides such a description of water. SCAN accurately describes the balance among covalent bonds, hydrogen bonds, and van der Waals interactions that dictates the structure and dynamics of liquid water. Notably, SCAN captures the density difference between water and ice Ih at ambient conditions, as well as many important structural, electronic, and dynamic properties of liquid water...
September 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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