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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444251/effect-of-eu-electrical-stunning-conditions-on-breast-meat-quality-of-broiler-chickens
#1
F Sirri, M Petracci, M Zampiga, A Meluzzi
Electrical stunning is still the main stunning method used worldwide in commercial poultry plants. The stunning procedures in water bath stunners affect both bird welfare and meat quality attributes. The European Union (EU) Council Regulation 1099/2009 on the protection of the animal at the time of killing established the minimum current flow through an individual bird at a specified frequency to assure an effective stun that must last until the bird's death. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of the application of different stunning current flows on the prevalence of hemorrhages (classified as 1 = no lesion, 2 = moderate, and 3 = severe lesion) and some quality traits (pHu, color, drip and cooking losses, and shear force) of chicken breast meat...
April 24, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443522/legal-and-organisational-innovation-in-the-italian-pharmacy-system-commercial-vs-public-interest
#2
Alceste Santuari
Pharmacy services are undoubtedly an important part of primary care. Pharmacists are entrepreneurs and simultaneously they are entrusted with a public mission in the health care sector. Pharmacies then reflect a contrast between a commercial/economic objective and public interest, which is to be identified with citizens' universal right to health care services. This is the reason why in Italy, as in many other EU countries, pharmacies supply their services according to a prior authorisation granted by public authorities...
April 26, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443355/investigational-dopamine-antagonists-for-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia
#3
Sheng-Min Wang, Changsu Han, Soo-Jung Lee, Tae-Youn Jun, Ashwin A Patkar, Prakash S Masand, Chi-Un Pae
Introduction Schizophrenia is a debilitating illness with a chronic impact on social function and daily living. Although various antipsychotics are available, there are still many challenges and unmet needs. Thus, many compounds with diverse mechanisms have been investigated, but all approved antipsychotics still require interactions with dopamine D2 receptors. Areas Covered We searched for investigational drugs using the key words 'dopamine' and 'schizophrenia' in American and European clinical trial registers (clinicaltrials...
April 26, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441906/setting-priorities-for-eu-healthcare-workforce-it-skills-competence-improvement
#4
Sisi Li, Panagiotis D Bamidis, Stathis Th Konstantinidis, Vicente Traver, Josip Car, Nabil Zary
A major challenge for healthcare quality improvement is the lack of IT skills and knowledge of healthcare workforce, as well as their ambivalent attitudes toward IT. This article identifies and prioritizes actions needed to improve the IT skills of healthcare workforce across the EU. A total of 46 experts, representing different fields of expertise in healthcare and geolocations, systematically listed and scored actions that would improve IT skills among healthcare workforce. The Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative methodology was used for research priority-setting...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441860/smart-luminescent-coordination-polymers-towards-multi-mode-logic-gates-time-resolved-tribochromic-and-excitation-dependent-fluorescence-phosphorescence-emission
#5
Yongsheng Yang, Ke-Zhi Wang, Dongpeng Yan
In this work, we propose that lanthanide cations (such as Eu3+ and Tb3+) doped long-afterglow coordination polymer (CP) can be an effective way to design multi-mode optical logic gates based on their tunable fluorescence/phosphorescence transformation and state-dependent emission. First, multi-color and white-light luminescence across the blue/green/yellow/red visible regions can be obtained by balancing the co-doping ratio of Eu3+/Tb3+ cations and suitable excitations. Additionally, new mechanochromic Eu-Cd-CP was developed based on the mechanism of change in structural symmetry...
April 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441452/systematic-review-finds-that-study-data-not-published-in-full-text-articles-have-unclear-impact-on-meta-analyses-results-in-medical-research
#6
Christine M Schmucker, Anette Blümle, Lisa K Schell, Guido Schwarzer, Patrick Oeller, Laura Cabrera, Erik von Elm, Matthias Briel, Joerg J Meerpohl
BACKGROUND: A meta-analysis as part of a systematic review aims to provide a thorough, comprehensive and unbiased statistical summary of data from the literature. However, relevant study results could be missing from a meta-analysis because of selective publication and inadequate dissemination. If missing outcome data differ systematically from published ones, a meta-analysis will be biased with an inaccurate assessment of the intervention effect. As part of the EU-funded OPEN project (www...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441361/immunization-strategies-targeting-newly-arrived-migrants-in-non-eu-countries-of-the-mediterranean-basin-and-black-sea
#7
Cristina Giambi, Martina Del Manso, Maria Grazia Dente, Christian Napoli, Carmen Montaño-Remacha, Flavia Riccardo, Silvia Declich, Network For The Control Of Cross-Border Health Threats In The Mediterranean Basin And Black Sea For The ProVacMed Project
Background: The World Health Organization recommends that host countries ensure appropriate vaccinations to refugees, asylum seekers and migrants. However, information on vaccination strategies targeting migrants in host countries is limited. Methods: In 2015-2016 we carried out a survey among national experts from governmental bodies of 15 non-EU countries of the Mediterranean and Black Sea in order to document and share national vaccination strategies targeting newly arrived migrants. Results: Four countries reported having regulations/procedures supporting the immunization of migrants at national level, one at sub-national level and three only targeting specific population groups...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441120/prevalence-of-trachoma-in-northern-benin-results-from-11-population-based-prevalence-surveys-covering-26-districts
#8
Amadou Alfa Bio, Pelagie M Boko, Yannelle A Dossou, Jean-Jacques Tougoue, Achille Kabore, Ignace Sounouvou, Jean-Eudes Biaou, Lionel Nizigama, Paul Courtright, Anthony W Solomon, Lisa Rotondo, Wilfrid Batcho, Dorothée Kinde-Gazard
AIMS: We sought to evaluate trachoma prevalence in all suspected-endemic areas of Benin. METHODS: We conducted population-based surveys covering 26 districts grouped into 11 evaluation units (EUs), using a two-stage, systematic and random, cluster sampling design powered at EU level. In each EU, 23 villages were systematically selected with population proportional to size; 30 households were selected from each village using compact segment sampling. In selected households, we examined all consenting residents aged one year or above for trichiasis, trachomatous inflammation - follicular (TF), and trachomatous inflammation - intense...
April 25, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440796/the-importance-of-international-collaboration-for-rare-diseases-research-a-european-perspective
#9
REVIEW
D Julkowska, C P Austin, C M Cutillo, D Gancberg, C Hager, J Halftermeyer, A H Jonker, L P L Lau, I Norstedt, A Rath, R Schuster, E Simelyte, S van Weely
Over the last two decades, important contributions were made at national, European and international levels to foster collaboration into rare diseases research. The European Union (EU) has put much effort into funding rare diseases research, encouraging national funding organizations to collaborate together in the E-Rare programme, setting up European Reference Networks for rare diseases and complex conditions, and initiating the International Rare Diseases Research Consortium (IRDiRC) together with the National Institutes of Health in the USA...
April 25, 2017: Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439718/the-new-eu-general-data-protection-regulation-what-the-radiologist-should-know
#10
(no author information available yet)
The European Society of Radiology (ESR) informs its membership and its associated Institutional Members about the new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) of the European Union (EU,) which will apply from 25 May 2018. Radiologists and radiology departments should be prepared to comply with several new rules for the protection of imaging data. Although the new GDPR applies to all domains of the public and private sectors, some specific derogations are defined for data concerning health, aiming at protecting the rights of data subjects and confidentiality of their personal health data, whilst preserving the benefits of processing data, including digital images for research and public health purposes...
April 24, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439544/quantifying-the-negative-impact-of-brain-drain-on-the-integration-of-european-science
#11
Omar A Doria Arrieta, Fabio Pammolli, Alexander M Petersen
The 2004/2007 European Union (EU) enlargement by 12 member states offers a unique opportunity to quantify the impact of EU efforts to expand and integrate the scientific competitiveness of the European Research Area (ERA). We apply two causal estimation schemes to cross-border collaboration data extracted from millions of academic publications from 1996 to 2012, which are disaggregated across 14 subject areas and 32 European countries. Our results illustrate the unintended consequences following the 2004/2007 enlargement, namely, its negative impact on cross-border collaboration in science...
April 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434656/an-overview-of-eu-and-usa-intestinal-transplant-current-activity
#12
A Lauro, F Panaro, K R Iyer
AIM OF THE STUDY: To report the current activity of intestinal transplantation in Europe (EU) and Unites States of America (USA), underlining outcomes in the last 5 years and discussing possible trends. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data review of results was performed through analysis of ITR and UNOS registries, Eurotransplant and newsletter transplant reports, congress abstracts, international published literature, personal communications and hospital web sites. RESULTS: The absence in Europe of a sole organization collecting donors and the presence of many low-volume centers (less than 5 cases/year) makes the difference with USA: in the last 5 years (2010-2014), 222 intestinal/multivisceral transplants have been performed in EU countries (most of them in the UK), while in USA, the number of transplants achieved 634 procedures in the same period of time...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434378/study-of-performance-properties-lactic-acid-specific-migration-and-swelling-by-simulant-of-biodegradable-poly-lactic-acid-nanoclay-multilayer-films-for-food-packaging
#13
Paola Scarfato, Luciano Di Maio, Maria Rosaria Milana, Silvia Giamberardini, Massimo Denaro, Loredana Incarnato
The aim of the study was the development of a multi-functional, high-performance, fully biodegradable multi-layer polylactic acid (PLA) film for food packaging applications. In particular, sealable multi-layer PLA/clay nanocomposite systems with different layouts in terms of composition and relative thickness of the layers, all consisting of a PLA/clay nanocomposite layer between two pure PLA layers for direct food contact, were designed and produced by blown film co-extrusion. The films which were obtained were analysed for their morphology, functional properties and lactic acid specific migration in 50% ethanol...
April 24, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433824/enfsi-collaborative-testing-programme-for-fingermarks-past-experiences-and-future-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
A Matte, J Fish, M Hilgert, T Lövby, M Svensson, J Vaughan, F Zampa
As early as 2004 the Fingerprint Working Group of the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) has organised proficiency tests (PT's) as well as collaborative exercises (CE's) as a way of raising standards within the fingerprint profession. Participation in PT's and CE's is a key element in the ISO/IEC accreditation process as they enable laboratories to monitor the quality of their analytical results. On the basis of the European Council Framework Decision 2009/905/JHA, of 30 November 2009, on Accreditation of forensic service providers carrying out laboratory activities[1], from November 15th of 2015, only accredited laboratories are allowed to exchange fingerprint data with other EU countries...
March 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433057/low-cost-humic-acid-bonded-silica-as-an-effective-solid-phase-extraction-sorbent-for-convenient-determination-of-aflatoxins-in-edible-oils
#15
Neng-Zhi Zhou, Ping Liu, Xiao-Chuan Su, Yan-Hua Liao, Ning-Sheng Lei, Yong-Hong Liang, Shao-Huan Zhou, Wen-Si Lin, Jie Chen, Yu-Qi Feng, Yang Tang
Aflatoxins (AFs) are highly toxic, mutagenic, carcinogenic, and teratogenic secondary metabolites produced by the toxigenic fungi Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. AFs tend to contaminate a wide range of foods which is a serious and recurring food safety problem worldwide. Currently, immunoaffinity chromatography (IAC) has become the most conventional sample clean-up method for determining AFs in foodstuffs. However, IAC method is limited in the large-scale food analysis because it requires the use of expensive disposable cartridges and the IA procedure is time-consuming...
June 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432760/determination-of-ochratoxin-a-in-black-and-white-pepper-nutmeg-spice-mix-cocoa-and-drinking-chocolate-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-fluorescence-detection-collaborative-study
#16
Elena Cubero-Leon, Katrien Bouten, Hamide Senyuva, Joerg Stroka
A method validation study for the determination of ochratoxin A in black and white pepper (Piper spp.), nutmeg (Myristica fragrans), spice mix (blend of ginger, turmeric, pepper, nutmeg, and chili), cocoa powder, and drinking chocolate was conducted according to the International Harmonized Protocol of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. The method is based on the extraction of samples with aqueous methanol, followed by a cleanup of the extract with an immunoaffinity column. The determination is carried out by reversed-phase LC coupled with a fluorescence detector...
April 22, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432545/genome-edited-animals-learning-from-gm-crops
#17
Ann Bruce
Genome editing of livestock is poised to become commercial reality, yet questions remain as to appropriate regulation, potential impact on the industry sector and public acceptability of products. This paper looks at how genome editing of livestock has attempted to learn some of the lessons from commercialisation of GM crops, and takes a systemic approach to explore some of the complexity and ambiguity in incorporating genome edited animals in a food production system. Current applications of genome editing are considered, viewed from the perspective of past technological applications...
April 21, 2017: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432390/biomass-resources-agriculture
#18
Ingeborg N Kluts, Marnix L J Brinkman, Sierk A de Jong, H Martin Junginger
Bioenergy is the single largest source of renewable energy in the European Union (EU-28); of this, 14% was produced from agricultural feedstocks in 2012. This chapter provides an overview of the current use (for bioenergy) and future potential of agricultural feedstocks for (amongst others) biorefinery purposes in the European Union. The main application of these feedstocks is currently the production of biofuels for road transport. Biodiesel makes up 80% of the European biofuel production, mainly from rapeseed oil, and the remaining part is bioethanol from wheat and sugar beet...
April 22, 2017: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430242/thermally-stable-wleds-with-excellent-luminous-properties-by-screen-printing-a-patterned-phosphor-glass-layer-on-a-microstructured-glass-plate
#19
Yang Peng, Xing Guo, Ruixin Li, Hao Cheng, Mingxiang Chen
In order to improve the luminous properties and thermal reliability of white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs), we proposed a promising phosphor-in-glass (PiG) converter, which was prepared by screen-printing a patterned phosphor glass layer on a microstructured glass plate. The patterned layer achieves four-quadrant phosphor geometry based on separated yellow Y<sub>3</sub>Al<sub>5</sub>O<sub>12</sub>:Ce<sup>3+</sup> (YAG:Ce<sup>3+</sup>) and red CaAlSiN<sub>3</sub>:Eu<sup>2+</sup> (CASN:Eu<sup>2+</sup>) phosphor parts...
April 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430022/safety-by-design-of-printed-multilayer-materials-intended-for-food-packaging
#20
Celia Domeño, Margarita Aznar, Cristina Nerín, Francesca Isella, Mauro Fedeli, Osvaldo Bosetti
Printing inks are commonly used in multilayer plastics materials used for food packaging and compounds present in inks can migrate to the food either by diffusion through the multilayers or because of set-off phenomena. To avoid this problem the right design of the packaging is crucial. In this work, the safety by design of multilayer materials has been studied. First, the migration from 4 different multilayers manufactured using polyethylene terephthalate (PET), aluminium (Al) and polyethylene (PE) was determined...
April 21, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
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