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Marriage and family

Rshood Khraif, Asharaf Abdul Salam, Abdullah Al-Mutairi, Ibrahim Elsegaey
Fertility levels and their determinants in Saudi Arabia have not been studied sufficiently for formulating family policy, although some attention has been paid to rapid fertility transitions in the context of socioeconomic and cultural change. This study focused on the fertility of a particular occupational category in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to assess determinants of fertility, measured as the number of children. The sample was drawn from the King Saud University staff - ever-married Saudi Arabian women...
March 15, 2018: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
Kankan Su, Xiaoxiao Cai, Wenli Xia, Yanhui Jin, Lihong Yang, Mingshan Wang
: The objective is to study a gene mutation (Tyr503Cys) found in a Chinese consanguineous marriage family with inherited factor XI (FXI) deficiency (cross-reacting material positive, type II). The FXI activity and FXI antigen were tested with clotting assay and ELISA, respectively. The FXI gene was amplified by PCR with direct sequencing. ClustalX-2.1-win and three online bioinformatics softwares were used to study the conservatism and harm of the mutation. The proband had reduced FXI: activity at 13%; three members had decreased to about 35%, all of whom had nomal FXI: antigen...
March 13, 2018: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
Rachel Bennett, Philippa Waterhouse
Understanding the transition to adulthood has important implications for supporting young adults and understanding the roots of diversity in wellbeing later in life. In South Africa, the end of Apartheid means today's youth are experiencing their transition to adulthood in a changed social and political context which offers opportunities compared to the past but also threats. This paper presents the first national level analysis of the patterning of key transitions (completion of education, entry into the labour force, motherhood and marriage or cohabitation), and the association between the different pathways and health amongst young women...
March 2, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Karen Benjamin Guzzo
Cohabiting unions increasingly involve children, either born during the union and/or from prior relationships (i.e., stepchildren). Drawing from arguments about the institutionalization of cohabitation and stepfamilies as well as the family systems perspective, this paper examines dissolution and marriage risks among women's cohabiting unions by stepfamily status, configuration (which partner has children) and shared intended and unintended fertility using the 2006-2013 National Survey of Family Growth. A minority (32%) of 1st cohabitations, but the majority of 2nd (65%) and 3rd (75%) cohabitations, are stepfamilies...
2018: Journal of Family Issues
Susan Andrea Bartels, Saja Michael, Sophie Roupetz, Stephanie Garbern, Lama Kilzar, Harveen Bergquist, Nour Bakhache, Colleen Davison, Annie Bunting
Introduction: The Syrian conflict has resulted in over 2.3 million child refugees in the Middle East and the prevalence of early marriage has reportedly increased among displaced Syrian families. This study explores the underlying factors contributing to child marriage among Syrian refugees in Lebanon with the goal of informing community-based strategies to address the issue. Methods: In July-August 2016, trained interviewers collected self-interpreted stories in Lebanon using Cognitive Edge's SenseMaker, a mixed-method data collection tool...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Handan Zincir, Gokce Demir, Yurdagül Günaydin, Betül Ozen
PURPOSE: This study was conducted in descriptive and cross-sectional design in order to determine prevalence of urinary incontinence severity in women with urinary incontinence (UI), correlation between UI and sexual dysfunctionMaterials and Methods: The study had descriptive and cross-sectional design. In sample selection, four Family Health Centers areas were determined by lot and totally 384 women with UI were reached by making home visits in these regions. As data collection tool, severity index in female urinary incontinence determining UI condition and Female Sexual Function index determining sexual functioning were used...
March 7, 2018: Urology Journal
Farhat Moazam, Sualeha Shekhani
CONTEXT: Female medical students outnumber men in countries such as Saudi Arabia, India and Pakistan, yet many fail to practise medicine following graduation. In Pakistan, 70% of medical students are women, yet it is estimated that half of them will not pursue medicine following graduation. This is considered a major reason for physician shortages in the country. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study drawing upon the 'role strain' theory to explore the views of final-year medical students from four medical colleges in Karachi, Pakistan, on female graduates not entering the medical field...
March 6, 2018: Medical Education
Md Manirul Islam, Nasim Jahan, Md Delwar Hossain
Background: Violence affects 15-75% of women across the globe and has a significant impact on their health, well-being, and rights. While quantitative research links it to poor mental health, there is a lack of qualitative enquiry in how women experience it, and how it is related to the mental disorders in Bangladesh. This information is important in understanding the situation and structuring a locally appropriate and culturally sensitive program. Methods: We adopted a phenomenological approach and conducted 16 in-depth interviews, three informal interviews, one focus group discussion, and one key informant interview...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
Petra Kasalova, Jan Prasko, Michaela Holubova, Kristyna Vrbova, Daniela Zmeskalova, Milos Slepecky, Ales Grambal
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety disorders can be a burden for the patient and his family. They affect the family everyday functioning, require greater demands on adaptation and re-evaluation of the existing habits of family members and consequently may result in family dysfunction due to anxiety disorders, especially in marital relationship or partnership. However, the knowledge about the impact of anxiety disorders on one or both partners in marital or partner life is still limited. METHOD: The relevant studies were identified through the Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus databases, within the period 1990-2017...
February 6, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Maghsood Mehri, Maryam Zarin, Fariba Ardalani, Hossein Najmabadi, Azita Azarkeivan, Maryam Neishabury
Sideroblastic anemias are heterogeneous rare hematological disorders, representing diverse phenotypes. In this study, the genetic cause of congenital, transfusion dependent anemia in four unrelated families consisting of eighteen individuals, with one affected member was investigated. Probands were suspected to rare anemias, including sideroblastic anemia. Whole exome sequencing in probands followed by segregation analysis in families was performed. Two novel frame shift mutations and one previously reported missense mutation in SLC25A38 gene was identified in these families...
February 22, 2018: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
Mohammed Ashi, Rehab Assur, Basim Awan, Hattan Aljaaly
INTRODUCTION: Split Hand-Foot malformation (SHFM) is a congenital limb defect that affects the central rays of the hands and/or feet. It is a rare condition that has genetic and environmental etiologies. It ranges in severity depending on the extent of the malformation. We report on two siblings with severe SHFM affecting all limbs. METHODS: We described two cases of siblings with SHFM and discuss the possible causes of the condition. This research did not require ethical approval due to the institute not requiring it for this type of study...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Kai Pierre Willführ, Johannes Johow, Eckart Voland
Motivated by the cooperative breeding hypothesis, we investigate the effect of having kin on the mortality of reproductive women based on family reconstitutions for the Krummhörn region (East Frisia, Germany, 1720-1874). We rely on a combination of Cox clustered hazard models and hazard models stratified at the family level. In order to study behavior-related effects, we run a series of models in which only kin who lived in the same parish are considered. To investigate structural, non-behavior-related effects, we run a different model series that include all living kin, regardless their spatial proximity...
2018: PloS One
Hussein Hassan Soliman, Nagwa Ibrahim Alsharqawi, Mustafa Ahmed Younis
Tourism marriage in Egypt is considered a part of the child marriage phenomenon, as parents following false interpretations of Islamic teachings offer up their daughters for short-term sexual relationships in return for money from tourists. This exploratory study used qualitative methods to interview 42 parents who reside in the city of Darasa, Giza, Egypt, whose daughters were persuaded to engage in tourism marriage. Eight social work students utilized an interview guide that contained 10 questions exploring how parents strike deals with tourists and avoid all legal and traditional procedures of marriage in Egypt...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Sharon Sassler, Katherine Michelmore, Zhenchao Qian
Much research on cohabitation has focused on transitions from cohabitation to marriage or dissolution, but less is known about how rapidly women progress into cohabitation, what factors are associated with the tempo to shared living, and whether the timing into cohabitation is associated with subsequent marital transitions. We use data from the 2006-2013 National Survey of Family Growth to answer these questions among women whose most recent sexual relationship began within 10 years of the interview. Life table results indicate that transitions into cohabitation are most common early in sexual relationships; nearly one-quarter of women had begun cohabiting within six months of becoming sexually involved...
February 15, 2018: Demography
Maryam Nazemipour, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh, Kazem Mohammad, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Asal Hojjat, Maryam Seyedtabib, Ali Nazemipour, Mahmood Mahmoudi
Background: The aim of this study was comparison characteristics of family and demographics of children with antenatal hydronephrosis, in 2 nd and 3 rd trimester of pregnancy, in order to the need for postnatal management. Methods: This cross-sectional study described some information from family of children with antenatal hydronephrosis, at the Pediatric Urology Research Center of Children's Hospital Medical Center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Data for 193 children, admitted in 2012-2013, were collected retrospectively...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Adriana M Reyes, Melissa Hardy, Eliza Pavalko
We examine how the timing and sequencing of first marriage and childbirth are related to mortality for a cohort of 4,988 white and black women born between 1922 and 1937 from the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women. We use Cox proportional hazard models to estimate race differences in the association between family formation transitions and mortality. Although we find no relationships between marital histories and longevity, we do find that having children, the timing of first birth, and the sequencing of childbirth and marriage are associated with mortality...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Jissa Vinoda Thulaseedharan
Background: As in other states of India, female sterilization is the most widely used contraceptive method in Kerala where women have higher levels of education compared to most other states in India. This paper describes the use and preferences of contraceptive methods among young married women in Trivandrum district, Kerala, India. Subjects and methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was carried out among 203 young married women (18-28 years) during January-March 2015 using multistage cluster sampling method...
2018: Open Access Journal of Contraception
Md Juel Rana, Srinivas Goli
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of child undernutrition in South Asia is high, as is also the unmet need for family planning. In previous literature, the biodemographic relationship of family planning, particularly birth order and birth spacing, and nutritional status of children have been assessed separately. The aim of this study was to work on the hypothesis that the planning of births comprising timing, spacing, and number of births improves child undernutrition, especially in the areas with high prevalence of stunting and underweight...
March 2018: Nutrition
Patricia N E Roberson, Rebecca L Shorter, Sarah Woods, Jacob Priest
RATIONALE: There has been substantial research linking marital quality to physical health outcomes; however, the mechanisms linking marital quality and physical health have been studied less extensively, especially with longitudinal data. Of the hypothesized mechanisms, only psychological distress (anxiety/depression) and physiological mechanisms (inflammation) have been tested and confirmed. Health behaviors such as diet, exercise, smoking, drinking, and sleeping have not previously been examined as mechanisms linking marital quality and physical health...
February 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Kathryn M Yount, AliceAnn Crandall, Yuk Fai Cheong
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5 calls on nations to promote gender equality and to empower women and girls. SDG5 also recognizes the value of women's economic empowerment, entailing equal rights to economic resources and full participation at all levels in economic decisions. Also according to SDG5, eliminating harmful practices-such as child marriage before age 18-is a prerequisite for women's economic empowerment. Using national data for 4,129 married women 15-43 years who took part in the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS 1998-2012), we performed autoregressive, cross-lagged panel analyses to assess whether women's first marriage in adulthood (at 18 years or older, as reported in 2006), was positively associated with their long-term post-marital economic empowerment, measured as their engagement in market work and latent family economic agency in 2012...
February 2018: World Development
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