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Marriage and family

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776397/the-conserved-p-arg108-residue-in-s1pr2-dfnb68-is-fundamental-for-proper-hearing-evidence-from-a-consanguineous-iranian-family
#1
Michaela A H Hofrichter, Majid Mojarad, Julia Doll, Clemens Grimm, Atiye Eslahi, Neda Sadat Hosseini, Mohsen Rajati, Tobias Müller, Marcus Dittrich, Reza Maroofian, Thomas Haaf, Barbara Vona
BACKGROUND: Genetic heterogeneity and consanguineous marriages make recessive inherited hearing loss in Iran the second most common genetic disorder. Only two reported pathogenic variants (c.323G>C, p.Arg108Pro and c.419A>G, p.Tyr140Cys) in the S1PR2 gene have previously been linked to autosomal recessive hearing loss (DFNB68) in two Pakistani families. We describe a segregating novel homozygous c.323G>A, p.Arg108Gln pathogenic variant in S1PR2 that was identified in four affected individuals from a consanguineous five generation Iranian family...
May 18, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775509/exploring-the-growth-trajectory-of-cultural-competence-in-taiwanese-paediatric-nurses
#2
Chiu-I Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the evolution of cultural competence in Taiwanese paediatric nurses. BACKGROUND: Because transnational marriage has become a social phenomenon in Taiwan, the proportion of newborns of new immigrant mothers accounts for 8-10% of total births every year. Since family-centered care is the core value of paediatric nursing, it is necessary to teach caregivers how to take care of hospitalized children and perform related nursing care as well as to determine what difficulties nurses will encounter when they care for patients from diverse cultures and to find solutions for these problems...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774266/reforming-birth-registration-law-in-england-and-wales
#3
Julie McCandless
The Law Commission of England and Wales is considering what its 13th Programme of Law Reform should address. During the consultation process, a project on birth registration law has been mooted. This is a very welcome proposal given that civil birth registration in England and Wales is a compulsory procedure that not only finds its roots in the early Victorian era, but also remains very similar, at least in terms of form and the information that is recorded. I first use two recent legal challenges to illustrate why the current system is coming under increasing pressure...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771949/correlates-of-domestic-violence-perpetration-reporting-among-recently-married-men-residing-in-slums-in-pune-india
#4
Ameeta S Kalokhe, Sandhya R Iyer, Keshav Gadhe, Tuman Katendra, Anuradha Paranjape, Carlos Del Rio, Rob Stephenson, Seema Sahay
Domestic violence (DV) is prevalent in low-income and slum-dwelling communities in India. To date, the focus of DV prevention in resource-poor settings has largely been with women. We herein aim to identify correlates of DV perpetration to help inform future primary prevention efforts that focus on behavioral change in men. Utilizing a cross-sectional design, potential correlates of DV perpetration were explored among a geographically-clustered random sample of 100 recently-married men residing in slums in Pune, India...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771678/a-deviance-approach-to-understanding-use-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-bangladesh
#5
Tamar Goldenberg, Rob Stephenson
CONTEXT: Use of maternal health care can reduce maternal morbidity and mortality in countries like Bangladesh, where rates of these outcomes are high. Community characteristics are associated with use of maternal care services, but it is unclear whether deviation from community norms is associated with service use. METHODS: Data from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey on 4,106 ever-married women aged 15-49 were used to examine relationships between women's deviation from their communities on socioeconomic, fertility and other characteristics and use of maternal health care (antenatal care, delivery care, postpartum care and a composite measure)...
December 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769482/aetiological-factors-of-female-genitourinary-fistula
#6
F Z Aalpona, M Kamrul-Hasan, F Islam, S Hossain, S Akter, K F Ananya
The purpose of this observational cross-sectional study was to evaluate the histories of women with urinary incontinence caused by genitourinary fistulae in Bangladesh. This is an exploratory analysis to investigate possible contributing factors to the development of urogenital fistulae. Sixty four (64) women who were treated for urogenital fistulae at the National Fistula Center, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh were interviewed from July 2013 to December 2013. Their average age was 35.91 years; majorities were illiterate; had early marriage and came from poor family...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766528/reflecting-on-the-past-a-content-analysis-of-family-therapy-research-from-2000-2015
#7
Jennifer J Lambert-Shute, Hoa N Nguyen, Paul W Peterson, Annisa B Pirasteh
In this content analysis, researchers examine articles published from 2000 to 2015 in three family therapy journals, yielding a total of 948 empirical articles. The purpose is to provide an overview of the research being published, assess who is publishing, and investigate the current state of clinical effectiveness research in marriage and family therapy (MFT). Most first authors were affiliated with MFT programs and primarily included diversity and couples in their research. There was a significant increase of research on clinical process-though the number of clinical outcome studies held steady...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764385/a-qualitative-study-about-the-gendered-experiences-of-motherhood-and-perinatal-mortality-in-mountain-villages-of-nepal-implications-for-improving-perinatal-survival
#8
Mohan Paudel, Sara Javanparast, Gouranga Dasvarma, Lareen Newman
BACKGROUND: We aim to examine the gendered contexts of poor perinatal survival in the remote mountain villages of Nepal. The study setting comprised two remote mountain villages from a mid-western mountain district of Nepal that ranks lowest on the Human Development Index (0.304), and is reported as having the lowest child survival rates in the country. METHODS: The findings are taken from a larger study of perinatal survival in remote mountain villages of Nepal, conducted through a qualitative methodological approach within a framework of social constructionist and critical theoretical perspectives...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760616/high-frequency-of-primary-hereditary-ichthyoses-in-the-north-east-region-of-cairo-egypt
#9
Nermine El-Sayed, Neveen S Seifeldin, Christine K T Gobrial
Introduction: Inherited ichthyoses are caused by mutations in various genes important for keratinocyte differentiation and epidermal barrier function. Although ichthyoses are rare disorders, they require costly long-term medical management, and thus there is a need for efficient preventive and therapeutic strategies. Aim: We performed a retrospective study to determine the frequency, types, clinical presentation and associated genomic errors of primary hereditary ichthyoses in Egyptian patients and their relatives consulting the Genetics Clinic, Pediatric Hospital, Ain Shams University...
April 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745249/mitochondrial-dna-analysis-of-mazahua-and-otomi-indigenous-populations-from-estado-de-m%C3%A3-xico-suggests-a-distant-common-ancestry
#10
Angélica González-Oliver, Ernesto Garfias-Morales, David Glenn Smith, Mirsha Quinto-Sánchez
The indigenous Mazahua and Otomi have inhabited the same localities in Estado de México since pre-Columbian times. Their languages, Mazahua and Otomi, belong to the Oto-Manguean linguistic family, and although they share cultural traditions and a regional history that suggest close genetic relationships and common ancestry, the historical records concerning their origin are confusing. To understand the biological relationships between Mazahua and Otomi, we analyzed mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic variation...
July 2017: Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739244/the-relationship-between-some-neonatal-and-maternal-factors-during-pregnancy-with-the-prevalence-of-congenital-malformations-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Salman Daliri, Hamid Safarpour, Jafar Bazyar, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Arezoo Karimi, Rahman Anvary
INTRODUCTION: Congenital malformations are one of the main causes of death and disability in children. These malformations arise during embryogenesis and fetal development during pregnancy due to exposure to some environmental factors and genetic mutations. Given the high prevalence of congenital malformations in Iran, the current study was conducted to investigate the relationship between some neonatal and maternal factors during pregnancy with the prevalence of congenital malformations in Iran...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734703/child-malnutrition-in-pakistan-evidence-from-literature
#12
REVIEW
Muhammad Asim, Yasir Nawaz
Pakistan has one of the highest prevalences of child malnutrition as compared to other developing countries. This narrative review was accomplished to examine the published empirical literature on children’s nutritional status in Pakistan. The objectives of this review were to know about the methodological approaches used in previous studies, to assess the overall situation of childhood malnutrition, and to identify the areas that have not yet been studied. This study was carried out to collect and synthesize the relevant data from previously published papers through different scholarly database search engines...
May 4, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734511/factors-associated-with-quality-of-life-in-facial-melasma-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Camila F Pollo, Luciane Db Miot, Silmara Meneguin, Hélio A Miot
BACKGROUND: Melasma is a common chronic focal hypermelanosis that affects photexposed areas as face, mainly in women at fertile age. It inflicts a significant impact in quality of life, nevertheless, quality of life scores (e.g. MELASQoL) are not strongly correlated with clinical severity (e.g. MASI) in facial melasma, suggesting that different factors can influence the perception of disease beyond the clinical extension or the intensity of pigmentation. OBJECTIVES: To explore clinical and sociodemographic aspects that influences MELASQoL scores...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731520/low-income-childless-young-adults-marriage-and-fertility-frameworks
#14
Heather M Rackin, Christina Gibson-Davis
We investigate how low-income young adults without children understand marriage and fertility. Data come from the Becoming Partners and Parents Study ( N = 69 ) a qualitative study of African-American adults ages 18-22 in a midsize southern city. This is the first study to analyze young, low-income, childless and unmarried Black respondents' frameworks (i.e., internal understandings of the world) of marriage and fertility. In contrast to research conducted on parents, our research on childless adults indicated a narrative in which there were close connections between marriage and fertility and an economic-bar adhered to both marriage and childbearing...
August 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729157/the-research-of-medical-and-social-factors-of-the-risk-of-reproductive-health-of-men-by-family-doctor
#15
Serhii Yu Tsiporenko, Larysa F Matyucha
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: One of the important modern problems in the practice of a family doctor is the protection of reproductive health. Reproductive problems in marriage, including male infertility, are important components of demographic processes, therefore, attempts to resolve them are not only medical, but also social significance. Of all the physiological systems of man, for which the patterns of adaptation mechanisms are shown, the most "vulnerable" is the reproductive system, whose functioning depends on the set of exo- and endogenous influences...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717913/ethnic-drinking-culture-acculturation-and-enculturation-in-relation-to-alcohol-drinking-behavior-among-marriage-based-male-immigrants-in-taiwan
#16
Hung-Hui Chen, Li-Yin Chien
Drinking behavior among immigrants could be influenced by drinking-related cultural norms in their country of origin and host country. This study examined the association of ethnic drinking culture, acculturation, and enculturation with alcohol drinking among male immigrants in Taiwan. This cross-sectional survey recruited 188 male immigrants. Ethnic drinking culture was divided into dry and wet according to per capita alcohol consumption and abstinent rate in the countries of origin in reference to that in Taiwan...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708881/perceptions-of-sexual-abstinence-among-muslim-adolescent-girls-in-southern-thailand
#17
Jitlada Piriyasart, Praneed Songwathana, Susan Kools
Background Sex before marriage among Muslim adolescents is becoming a serious issue in Muslim societies exemplified by an increasing incidence of teenage pregnancy. Sexual abstinence is an optimal goal for adolescent health from an Islamic perspective. Muslim adolescent girls' perceptions have not been investigated, therefore, we lack understanding of their strengths and the risks that may contribute to outcomes such as pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections. Objective The purpose of this investigation was to characterize Muslim adolescent girls' perceptions of sexual abstinence...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701330/marriage-and-family-therapy-students-experience-with-common-factors-training
#18
Stephen T Fife, Carissa D'Aniello, Sarah Scott, Erin Sullivan
With the increased empirical and theoretical support for common factors in the psychotherapy literature, marriage and family therapy (MFT) scholars have begun discussing the inclusion of common factors in MFT training. However, there is very little empirical research on common factors training or how to include common factors in MFT curricula. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate MFT students' experience with common factors training. Seventeen master's degree students who received training in common factors participated in the study...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693968/determinants-of-breast-cancer-screening-by-mammography-in-women-referred-to-health-centers-of-urmia-iran
#19
Fatemeh Moghaddam Tabrizi, Sakineh Vahdati, Shahriar Khanahmadi, Samira Barjasteh
Background: In women, breast cancer accounts for 30 percent of all cancers and it is the second leading cause of mortality. Mammography is considered an effective procedure to detect early breast cancer recommended by World Health Organization. This study was aimed to evaluate breast cancer screening determinants in women referred to health centers of Urmia for mammography in 2017. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytic cross-sectional study, 348 women referred to health centers of Urmia were selected using multistage sampling...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693034/studying-the-determinant-factors-leading-to-congenital-heart-disease-in-newborns
#20
Mohammadhossein Arjmandnia, Mahsa Besharati, Sajad Rezvan
CONTEXT: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is an important cause of death during the 1st year of life and includes a special group of cardiac diseases that exist from birth. These conditions arise due to the abnormal development of an embryo's normal structures. AIMS: A case-control study was conducted to investigate the determinant factors leading to CHD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All newborns who have been diagnosed with CHD upon echocardiography in 2013 were considered as cases...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
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