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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120291/how-they-see-it-young-women-s-views-on-early-marriage-in-a-post-conflict-setting
#1
Sonya Em Knox
Current understandings of early marriage in conflict and post-conflict settings are incomplete and under-researched, and do not sufficiently take into consideration the views and experiences of adolescent girls. While much of the literature, development reports and mainstream media emphasise the poverty, health risks and lack of agency of young women married early, they seldom provide these teenagers an open platform from which to speak. In 2007, a Palestinian refugee camp in North Lebanon was destroyed and its residents forced to flee...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120289/the-gendered-workplaces-of-women-garment-workers-in-istanbul
#2
Başak Can
Drawing on 20 semi-structured interviews with women garment workers in a low-income neighbourhood of Istanbul, and observations in the ateliers where they worked, this article examines their work experiences in the gendered and sexualised work atmosphere of garment workshops. There are three interrelated levels upon which the gender-related issues emerge in women garment workers' stories. The first set of discourses portrays young female garment workers in highly sexualised terms, and the second concerns the use of kinship vocabulary and avoidance of impersonal work relationships...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108600/why-does-college-education-matter-unveiling-the-contributions-of-selection-factors
#3
Hui Zheng
This study investigates the contributions of pre-college selection factors that may partially lead to the college degree - health link by using longitudinal data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1979) cohort. Propensity score matching method finds that the effects of college degree on various health outcomes (self-rated health, physical component summary index, health limitations, CESD scale) are reduced by 51% on average (range: 37%-70%) in the matched sample. Among these observed factors, cognitive skill is the biggest confounder, followed by pre-college health and socioeconomic characteristics (marital aspiration, years of schooling, marriage, fertility, poverty status) and non-cognitive skills (e...
November 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108599/women-s-employment-trajectories-during-early-adulthood-in-urban-china-a-cohort-comparison
#4
Shengwei Sun, Feinian Chen
This study uses retrospective work history data from CGSS 2008 and employs group-based trajectory analysis to model the diverse employment trajectories of cohorts of urban Chinese women (born in the 1940s-1970s) during young adulthood (age 20-35). We identify ideal-types of urban women's employment trajectories and explore traits associated with each group type. In particular, we examine whether and how the timing of marriage and fertility as well as socioeconomic background help to distinguish patterns of women's labor force attachment in young adulthood...
November 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108589/the-lasting-effect-of-intergenerational-wealth-transfers-human-capital-family-formation-and-wealth
#5
Richard A Benton, Lisa A Keister
Recent evidence indicates that inheritances and other intergenerational wealth transfers have only a limited effect on wealth inequality and the intergenerational transmission of financial well-being. In this study, we explore the role that human capital and family formation play in mediating the relationship between receiving a transfer and building wealth. We examine how educational attainment and family formation determine whether or not households are able to convert inheritances into greater assets, facilitating improved wealth accumulation...
November 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104313/marriage-work-and-racial-inequalities-in-poverty-evidence-from-the-u-s
#6
Brian Thiede, Hyojung Kim, Tim Slack
This paper explores recent racial and ethnic inequalities in poverty, estimating the share of racial poverty differentials that can be explained by variation in family structure and workforce participation. The authors use logistic regression to estimate the association between poverty and race, family structure, and workforce participation. They then decompose between-race differences in poverty risk to quantify how racial disparities in marriage and work explain observed inequalities in the log odds of poverty...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100538/prevalence-and-predictors-of-help-seeking-for-women-exposed-to-spousal-violence-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Malin Leonardsson, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Spousal violence against women is prevalent in India (29%). Studies from various countries have shown that few women exposed to intimate partner violence or spousal violence seek help, especially in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of help-seeking among women in India who have experienced various types of spousal violence. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 19,125 married, separated, divorced or widowed women in India who had experienced physical or sexual violence at the hands of their husbands were obtained from the India National Family Health Survey III 2005-2006...
November 3, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094035/women-s-marriage-age-matters-for-public-health-a-review-of-the-broader-health-and-social-implications-in-south-asia
#8
REVIEW
Akanksha A Marphatia, Gabriel S Ambale, Alice M Reid
In many traditional societies, women's age at marriage acts simultaneously as a gateway to new family roles and the likelihood of producing offspring. However, inadequate attention has previously been given to the broader health and social implications of variability in women's marriage age for public health. Biomedical scientists have primarily been concerned with whether the onset of reproduction occurs before the woman is adequately able to nurture her offspring and maintain her own health. Social scientists have argued that early marriage prevents women from attaining their rightful education, accessing employment and training opportunities, developing social relationships with peers, and participating in civic life...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081562/the-influence-of-parental-educational-attainment-on-the-partnership-context-at-first-birth-in-16-western-societies
#9
Judith C Koops, Aart C Liefbroer, Anne H Gauthier
In the US, growing up with parents with a low socio-economic status (SES) has been shown to increase the chance of having a birth outside marriage. However, less is known about the influence of parental SES in other Western countries. The current paper examines the association between parental educational attainment with the partnership context at first birth in 16 European and North American countries, by differentiating births within marriage, within cohabitation, or while being single. Moreover, we test whether the association between parental education and partnership context at childbirth changes over cohorts and whether its influence changes when controlling for own educational attainment...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076529/high-resolution-mitochondrial-dna-analysis-sheds-light-on-human-diversity-cultural-interactions-and-population-mobility-in-northwestern-amazonia
#10
Leonardo Arias, Chiara Barbieri, Guillermo Barreto, Mark Stoneking, Brigitte Pakendorf
OBJECTIVES: Northwestern Amazonia (NWA) is a center of high linguistic and cultural diversity. Several language families and linguistic isolates occur in this region, as well as different subsistence patterns, with some groups being foragers and others agriculturalists. In addition, speakers of Eastern Tukanoan languages are known for practicing linguistic exogamy, a marriage system in which partners are taken from different language groups. In this study, we use high-resolution mitochondrial DNA sequencing to investigate the impact of this linguistic and cultural diversity on the genetic relationships and population structure of NWA groups...
October 27, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062375/a-report-of-a-novel-mutation-in-human-prostacyclin-receptor-gene-in-patients-affected-with-migraine
#11
Majid Kheirollahi, Mohammad Reza Pourreza, Fariborz Khorvash, Mohammad Kazemi, Gilda Amini
Objective: The human prostacyclin receptor gene encodes the human prostacyclin receptor, which is a part of the vasodilator system, during migraine attacks and almost certainly plays an important role in the mechanism of this disease. Method: The present study aimed at determining any variants in PTGIR gene by means of PCR and direct sequencing. Blood samples were taken from the patients, and genomic DNA was extracted. Polymerase chain reaction was performed on the extracted DNA. The PCR products were then sequenced using the Sanger method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#12
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043910/intersections-of-girl-child-marriage-and-family-planning-beliefs-and-use-qualitative-findings-from-ethiopia-and-india
#13
Katherine A McClendon, Lotus McDougal, Sankari Ayyaluru, Yemeserach Belayneh, Anand Sinha, Jay G Silverman, Anita Raj
Child marriage and subsequent early first birth is a considerable social, economic and health concern, and a pervasive practice in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. This study explores barriers and facilitators to family planning among women and girls, and their marital decision-makers subsequent to receipt of child marriage prevention programmes in Ethiopia and India. In-depth interviews with 128 women and girls who were married as minors or who cancelled or postponed marriage as minors and their marital decision-makers were analysed using content analysis...
October 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036185/impact-of-social-inequalities-at-birth-on-the-longevity-of-children-born-1914-1916-a-cohort-study
#14
Nicolas Todd, Sophie Le Fur, Pierre Bougnères, Alain-Jacques Valleron
BACKGROUND: Testing whether familial socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood is a predictor of mortality has rarely been done on historical cohorts. METHODS: The birth certificates of 4,805 individuals born 1914-1916 in 16 districts of the Paris region were retrieved. The handwritten information provided the occupation of parents, the legitimacy status, life events (e.g. marriage, divorce), and the precise date of death when after 1945 (i.e. age 31 years (y) in the cohort)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033239/socioeconomic-factors-health-behavior-and-late-stage-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-considering-the-impact-of-delay-in-diagnosis
#15
Mostafa Dianatinasab, Mohammad Mohammadianpanah, Nima Daneshi, Mohammad Zare-Bandamiri, Abbas Rezaeianzadeh, Mohammad Fararouei
BACKGROUND: Stage of cancer at diagnosis is one of the most important factors in patient prognosis. By controlling for diagnostic delay, this study aimed to identify factors associated with late-stage breast cancer (BC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From November 2014 to January 2017, required information on 497 patients who were newly diagnosed with BC was obtained from patients' medical records. Logistic regression was used to measure the association between cancer stage and study variables...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026561/primary-hypogonadism-partial-alopecia-and-m%C3%A3-llerian-hypoplasia-report-of-a-fifth-family-and-review
#16
Ruqayah G Y Al-Obaidi, Bassam M S Al-Musawi
Primary hypogonadism combined with Müllerian hypoplasia and partial alopecia are common features of this syndrome, which was reported only in four earlier families from areas where consanguineous marriage is prevalent. An autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance was suggested earlier and is supported by this report.
October 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023713/integrating-clients-religion-spirituality-in-clinical-practice-a-comparison-among-social-workers-psychologists-counselors-marriage-and-family-therapists-and-nurses
#17
Holly K Oxhandler, Danielle E Parrish
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to describe and compare five helping professions' views and behaviors regarding the integration of clients' religion/spirituality (RS) in clinical practice. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used to survey 3,500 licensed clinical psychologists, nurses, marriage and family therapists (LMFTs), clinical social workers, and professional counselors across Texas. A total of 550 responded to this online survey, which included the Religious/Spiritually Integrated Practice Assessment Scale and background questions...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023294/cleft-lip-and-palate-demographic-patterns-and-the-associated-communication-disorders
#18
Firas S D Alfwaress, Fadwa A Khwaileh, Ma'amon A Rawashdeh, Mahmoud A Alomari, Mohammad S Nazzal
PURPOSE: This study investigated demographical characteristics, health status, and associated communication disorders in patients with orofacial clefts (OFCs) in Northern Jordan. METHODS: A retrospective study of 226 cleft patients and their families was carried out between March 2012 and September 2016 at the Speech and Hearing Clinic and the Maxillofacial Center at King Abdullah University Hospital. Data were collected by interviewing patients and caregivers, having patients or caregiver to complete a questionnaire and reviewing the patient's medical records...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992751/the-care-needs-of-postpartum-women-taking-their-first-time-of-doing-the-month-a-qualitative-study
#19
Yueh-Chen Yeh, Winsome St John, Yeu-Hui Chuang, Yu-Ping Huang
BACKGROUND: In contemporary Taiwan, after giving birth, many women undertake a traditional postpartum practice called "doing the month", which occurs in the medical context of postpartum nursing centres instead of at home. Thus, healthcare workers must identify and address the care needs of new mothers in this setting to improve the care of new mothers and their baby and family. AIM: To explore new mothers' care needs from their own perspectives during the period of doing the month...
October 10, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989182/spousal-bargaining-over-care-for-elderly-parents-in-china-imbalances-in-sex-ratios-influence-the-allocation-of-support
#20
Maria Porter
Using a unique Chinese survey of parents and adult children, this paper examines how married children negotiate with their spouses for time devoted to caring for their own parents. Applying a collective bargaining framework, I show that the sex ratio at marriage shifts household bargaining in favour of the husband's parents when women are less scarce, or against his parents when women are scarcer. Such changing dynamics in the family may potentially reverse the current preference for sons in China, implying that those with sons, rather than daughters, may be increasingly in need of state support...
2017: Journal of Development Studies
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