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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099045/factors-associated-with-extended-breastfeeding-in-india
#1
Arpit R Mehta, Sigamani Panneer, Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Elizabeth F Racine
BACKGROUND: Extended breastfeeding duration is common in India. Extended breastfeeding protects the infant from infectious disease and promotes child spacing. In the 1990s, the median breastfeeding duration in India was 24 months. Research aim: This study aimed to investigate the median duration of breastfeeding in India and to identify the factors associated with extended breastfeeding to 24 months as recommended by the World Health Organization. METHODS: This cross-sectional data analysis used nationally representative data from the 2011-2012 Indian Human Development Survey II...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095932/the-role-of-marriage-in-criminal-recidivism-a-longitudinal-and-co-relative-analysis
#2
K S Kendler, S L Lönn, J Sundquist, K Sundquist
AIMS: Marriage is associated with a reduced rate of criminal recidivism, but the underlying mechanisms have only partly been elucidated. We seek to clarify the nature of the association between marriage and recidivism and how that relationship may be moderated as a function of gender, deviance of spouse, a history of violence and familial risk. METHOD: We utilise a longitudinal cohort design consisting of Swedish men (n = 239 328) and women (n = 72 280), born between 1958 and 1986, who were convicted of at least one crime before age 20 and were not married prior to age 20...
January 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095432/exploring-maternal-health-care-seeking-behavior-of-married-adolescent-girls-in-bangladesh-a-social-ecological-approach
#3
Asm Shahabuddin, Christiana Nöstlinger, Thérèse Delvaux, Malabika Sarker, Alexandre Delamou, Azucena Bardají, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: The huge proportion of child marriage contributes to high rates of pregnancies among adolescent girls in Bangladesh. Despite substantial progress in reducing maternal mortality in the last two decades, the rate of adolescent pregnancy remains high. The use of skilled maternal health services is still low in Bangladesh. Several quantitative studies described the use of skilled maternal health services among adolescent girls. So far, very little qualitative evidence exists about attitudes and practices related to maternal health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078621/is-stepfamily-status-associated-with-cohabiting-and-married-women-s-fertility-behaviors
#4
Karen Benjamin Guzzo
Children from prior relationships potentially complicate fertility decision-making in new cohabitations and marriages. On the one hand, the "value of children" perspective suggests that unions with and without stepchildren have similar-and deliberate-reasons for shared childbearing. On the other hand, multipartnered fertility (MPF) research suggests that childbearing across partnerships is often unintended. Using the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth and event-history models, I examine the role of stepfamily status on cohabiting and married women's fertility and birth intendedness, with attention to union type and stepfamily configuration...
January 11, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064522/the-impact-of-humanitarian-emergencies-on-the-prevalence-of-violence-against-children-an-evidence-based-ecological-framework
#5
Beth L Rubenstein, Lindsay Stark
Little is known about the patterns and mechanisms by which humanitarian emergencies may exacerbate violence against children. In this article, we propose using the ecological framework to examine the impact of humanitarian emergencies on interpersonal violence against children. We consider the literature that supports this framework and suggest future directions for research to fill identified gaps in the framework. The relationship between humanitarian emergencies and violence against children depends on risk factors at multiple levels, including a breakdown of child protection systems, displacement, threats to livelihoods, changing gender roles, changing household composition, overcrowded living conditions, early marriage, exposure to conflict or other emergency events, and alcohol abuse...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042415/chances-to-have-a-boy-after-gender-selection-by-pre-implantation-genetic-screening-are-reduced-in-couples-with-only-girls-and-without-a-boy-sired-by-the-male-partner
#6
Soryya Panahi, Fariba Fahami, Mohammad Reza Deemeh, Marziyeh Tavalaee, Hamid Gourabi, Mohammad Hossain Nasr-Esfahani
BACKGROUND: Gender selection and family planning have their roots in human history. Despite great interest in these fields, very few scientific propositions exist which could explain why some family do not attain the desired sex. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether sex of previous child or children could affect the outcomes of pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This historical cohort study including 218 PGS cases referring to Isfahan Fertility and Infertility Center (IFIC)...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042406/a-novel-deletion-mutation-of-exon-2-of-the-c19orf12-gene-in-an-omani-family-with-mitochondrial-membrane-protein-associated-neurodegeneration-mpan
#7
Nabil Al Macki, Ismail Al Rashdi
Mutations in the C19orf12 gene are known to cause mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration (MPAN), which is a neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) type 4 disorder. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a genetically confirmed case of MPAN from Oman. A novel homozygous deletion of exon 2 of the C19orf12 gene was confirmed on the proband, a seven-year-old girl, who presented with gait instability. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed iron deposition on the basal ganglia...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033662/sociocultural-aspects-of-disorders-of-sex-development
#8
REVIEW
Annastasia Ediati, Nani Maharani, Agustini Utari
Disorders of sex development (DSD) is a congenital condition in which the development of chromosomes, gonads, hormones, and reproductive structures are atypical. DSD brings with it a psychological impact on the affected individual and their families. The consensus statement on management of DSD strongly advised an integrated and multidisciplinary approach in providing care to the affected individuals. Studies have been conducted focusing on medical intervention, and more recently, there is increasing attention paid to psychological aspects of DSD...
December 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part C, Embryo Today: Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031593/risk-factors-for-farmers-suicides-in-central-rural-india-matched-case-control-psychological-autopsy-study
#9
Manik Changoji Bhise, Prakash Balkrushna Behere
BACKGROUND: Despite more than two decades since recognition of suicides by farmers in India, systematic studies comparing various risk factors are lacking. This is major hurdle for the formulation of strategies for farmers' suicide prevention. OBJECTIVE: To identify socioeconomic and psychological risk factors and their relative contribution in suicides by farmers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A matched case-control psychological autopsy was done on 98 farmers' suicide victims and 98 controls in Central India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031055/the-returns-of-family-planning-macro-level-assessment-of-the-effect-of-contraceptive-use-on-women-s-anaemia-and-childhood-undernutrition
#10
Md Juel Rana, Srinivas Goli
This study investigated the effect of family planning on the levels of women's anaemia and child undernutrition at the aggregate level using the compiled databases of the World Bank, UNICEF and the Economist Intelligence Unit. Correlation scatter matrix plots and multivariate OLS regression models were employed to assess the effect of family planning on women's anaemia and child nutritional status across countries. At the aggregate level, the bivariate correlation estimates found that the Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) was negatively associated with women's anaemia (r=-0...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029516/marriage-and-outcomes-of-people-with-schizophrenia-in-rural-china-14-year-follow-up-study
#11
Mao-Sheng Ran, Yin-Ling Irene Wong, Shu-Yan Yang, Petula S Y Ho, Wen-Jun Mao, Jie Li, Cecilia Lai-Wan Chan
The influence of marriage on the long-term outcomes of schizophrenia is largely unknown. This study was to examine the impact of marriage on the 14-year outcomes and identify the correlates of marriage among persons with schizophrenia in rural community. All study participants with schizophrenia (n=510) were identified in 1994 in an epidemiological investigation of 123,572 people aged 15years and older and followed up in 2004 and 2008 in Xinjin County, Chengdu, China. The Patients Follow-up Schedule (PFS) was used in 2004 and 2008...
October 28, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028668/suicidal-ideation-resilience-and-healthcare-implications-for-newly-diagnosed-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#12
Haochu Li, Joseph Tucker, Eleanor Holroyd, Jie Zhang, Baofa Jiang
Globally, suicidal ideation and behavior have been widely reported among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Knowledge gaps exist regarding the longer life and resilience-related experiences of people living with HIV (PLWH). Specifically, there is a dearth of data about the interaction of perceived risk and resilient factors resulting in a wide spectrum of intentional suicidal ideation outcomes in a Chinese cultural context. This qualitative research drew from a larger ethnographic study of newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in Mainland China...
December 27, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007010/genetic-analysis-of-a-hereditary-factor-xii-deficiency-pedigree-of-a-consanguineous-marriage-due-to-a-homozygous-f12-gene-mutation-gly341arg
#13
Xiaoli Cheng, Lihong Yang, Guoyong Huang, Yanhui Jin, Xiuping Hao, Mingshan Wang
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: To study the gene mutations of factor XII (FXII) in a Chinese family of consanguineous marriage with FXII deficiency and illuminate the possible molecular pathogenic mechanism. It will contribute to our comprehension of the pathogenesis of the disease. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The proband was a 26-year-old Chinese pregnant woman who was discovered, in a pregnancy test, with a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) at 61.6s (reference range, 29...
December 22, 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998176/childhood-exposure-to-emotional-abuse-and-later-life-stress-among-kenyan-women-a-mediation-analysis-of-cross-sectional-data
#14
Michael L Goodman, Claudia Gutarra, Katherine M Billingsley, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We explore whether perceived stress among Kenyan mothers is predicted by childhood exposure to emotional abuse - both witnessed among parents and experienced directly. Further, we explore whether this association is mediated by social support, family functioning and polygynous marriage. DESIGN: We used cross-sectional data from a systematic random sample (n = 1974) of mothers in semi-rural Kenya. METHODS: Data were collected using validated scales and trained interviewers...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995538/promoting-optimal-native-outcomes-pono-by-understanding-women-s-stress-experiences
#15
May Okihiro, Lisa Duke, Deborah Goebert, Lauren Ampolos, Casandra Camacho, Natasha Shanahan, Earl Hishinuma, J Keawe Kaholokula
A growing body of evidence links stress with mental illness and chronic disease. Existing scales of women's stress fail to capture the daily stressors of low-income, rural women. We explored the psychosocial stressors of local women residing in a rural Hawaii community with a large Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population. We recruited women, aged 18-35 years, at a community health center. We convened four focus groups to elicit information about women's stress. We identified key themes from the focus group data to generate questions that target concerns raised by participants...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969017/transition-to-parenthood-during-the-transition-to-modernity-in-jordan-new-parents-views-on-family-and-healthcare-support-systems
#16
Lina Mrayan, Flora Cornish, Nimesh Dhungana, Barbara Parfitt
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore new parents' experiences of family support during their transition to parenthood. BACKGROUND: Family support is widely considered a crucial factor in contributing toward positive outcomes for parents during transition to parenthood. However, inter-generational and socio-cultural differences among family members in understandings and practices of childcare can be a source of tension between new parents and family members...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938375/effectiveness-of-a-girls-empowerment-programme-on-early-childbearing-marriage-and-school-dropout-among-adolescent-girls-in-rural-zambia-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#17
Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Mweetwa Mudenda, Joseph Zulu, Ecloss Munsaka, Astrid Blystad, Mpundu C Makasa, Ottar Mæstad, Bertil Tungodden, Choolwe Jacobs, Linda Kampata, Knut Fylkesnes, Joar Svanemyr, Karen Marie Moland, Richard Banda, Patrick Musonda
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies pose a risk to the young mothers and their babies. In Zambia, 35% of young girls in rural areas have given birth by the age of 18 years. Pregnancy rates are particularly high among out-of-school girls. Poverty, low enrolment in secondary school, myths and community norms all contribute to early childbearing. This protocol describes a trial aiming to measure the effect on early childbearing rates in a rural Zambian context of (1) economic support to girls and their families, and (2) combining economic support with a community intervention to enhance knowledge about sexual and reproductive health and supportive community norms...
December 9, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933289/the-association-between-stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-and-physiologic-dysregulation-in-african-immigrants-the-africans-in-america-study
#18
Brianna A Bingham, Michelle T Duong, Madia Ricks, Lilian S Mabundo, Rafeal L Baker, Jean N Utumatwishima, Margaret Udahogora, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
INTRODUCTION: Allostatic load score (ALS) summarizes the physiological effect of stress on cardiovascular, metabolic and immune systems. As immigration is stressful, ALS could be affected. OBJECTIVE: Associations between age of immigration, reason for immigration, and unhealthy assimilation behavior and ALS were determined in 238 African immigrants to the United States (age 40 ± 10, mean ± SD, range 21-64 years). METHODS: ALS was calculated using 10 variables from three domains; cardiovascular (SBP, DBP, cholesterol, triglyceride, homocysteine), metabolic [BMI, A1C, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)], and immunological [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)]...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927013/evaluation-of-reproductive-health-criteria-in-seasonal-agricultural-workers-a-sample-from-eskisehir-turkey
#19
Tugce Koyuncu, Selma Metintas, Emine Ayhan, Fatih Oz, Necati Bugrul, Mehmet E Gokler
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to determine reproductive health outcomes of seasonal agricultural female workers in rural areas of Eskisehir, Turkey, and to compare such identified outcomes with the country-wide data. METHODS: Data in respect of this cross-sectional study were collected during a field visit in July 2012. The study group was formed by all of the distribution camps located in rural areas of Eskisehir. Each tent was considered as a domestic dwelling and the census method was used...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917848/depression-and-intimate-relationships-of-adolescents-from-divorced-families
#20
Halima Hadžikapetanović, Tajib Babić, Edin Bjelošević
Aim To determine an impact of parental divorce to depression and intimate relationships of young people during adolescence, and prevalence of symptoms of depression and the level of intimacy in relations to adolescents living in intact families and those from divorced families. Methods This prospective descriptive research was conducted on a sample of 168 examinees of which 64 (38.1%) were students of the University Zenica, and 104 (61.9%) high students schools from Zenica and Maglaj cities during May and June 2011...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
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