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Marriage and family

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812238/women-s-progress-for-men-s-gain-gender-specific-changes-in-the-return-to-education-as-measured-by-family-standard-of-living-1990-to-2009-2011
#1
ChangHwan Kim, Arthur Sakamoto
This study investigates gender-specific changes in the total financial return to education among persons of prime working ages (35-44 years) using U.S. Census data from 1990 and 2000, and the 2009-2011 American Community Survey. We define the total financial return to education as the family standard of living as measured by family income adjusted for family size. Our results indicate that women experienced significant progress in educational attainment and labor market outcomes over this time period. Ironically, married women's progress in education and personal earnings has led to greater improvement in the family standard of living for married men than for women themselves...
August 15, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811365/a-model-explaining-the-matrilateral-bias-in-alloparental-investment
#2
Gretchen Perry, Martin Daly
Maternal grandmothers invest more in childcare than paternal grandmothers. This bias is large where the expression of preferences is unconstrained by residential and lineage norms, and is detectable even where marriage removes women from their natal families. We maintain that the standard evolutionary explanation, paternity uncertainty, is incomplete, and present an expanded model incorporating effects of alloparents on the mother as well as on her children. Alloparenting lightens a mother's load and increases her residual nepotistic value: her expected fitness from later investments in personal reproduction and in her natal relatives...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798507/family-background-and-contemporary-changes-in-young-adults-school-work-transitions-and-family-formation-in-the-united-states
#3
Chelsea Smith, Robert Crosnoe, Shih-Yi Chao
The oft-discussed lengthening of the transition into adulthood is unlikely uniform across diverse segments of the population. This study followed youth in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and 1997 cohorts (n = 12,686 and 8,984, respectively) from 16 to 32 years old to investigate this trend in the United States, examining cross-cohort changes in transitions with a focus on differences by family background. Logistic regressions revealed that young adults in the most recent cohort were less likely to have completed schooling, fully entered the labor force, married, or become parents by their 30s than those in the older cohort...
December 2016: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796826/health-behaviors-and-union-dissolution-among-parents-of-young-children-differences-by-marital-status
#4
Jess M Meyer, Christine Percheski
Previous research finds that marriage is associated with better health and lower mortality, and one of the mechanisms underlying this association is health-related selection out of marriage. Using longitudinal survey data from 2,348 couples from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we examine whether certain health behaviors-smoking and binge drinking-are associated with risk of union dissolution among couples with young children. We use discrete time hazard models to test whether associations between health behaviors and union dissolution differ between married and cohabiting parents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796570/pedigree-analysis-of-familial-primary-concomitant-horizontal-strabismus-in-northern-india
#5
Zia Chaudhuri, Jibin John, Satinder Aneja, B K Thelma
PURPOSE: Familial clustering of common forms of primary strabismus like esotropia (ET) and exotropia (XT) is observed in a proportion of the strabismus cohort. The genetic components of this remain unidentified. Linkage studies have demonstrated susceptibility locus for primary strabismus at the STBMS1 locus on 7p22.1 as well as other loci on 4q28.3 and 7q31.2. Recently next generation sequencing (NGS) technology has emerged as a powerful tool in discovery genomics and a large number of novel disease-causing variants are being reported...
August 10, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795827/the-parting-parent-concern-inventory-parents-appraisals-correlate-with-divorced-family-functioning
#6
Keith Sanford, Alannah Shelby Rivers
When married parents go through a divorce, they may have concerns in 6 areas that are associated with postdivorce family adjustment. These include concerns about malice, power, custody, child rejection, esteem, and finances. The Parting Parent Concern Inventory assesses these concerns. It was developed in a series of preliminary studies, and this report focuses on results from 2 subsequent validation studies including 643 divorced parents with at least 1 child from their former marriage under the age of 18...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793942/consanguineous-marriage-in-jordan-an-update
#7
M Mazharul Islam, Faisal M Ababneh, Md Hasinur Rahaman Khan
This study examined the recent level, trends and determinants of consanguineous marriage in Jordan using time-series data from the Jordan Population and Family Health Surveys (JPFHSs). According to the 2012 JPFHS, 35% of all marriages were consanguineous in Jordan in 2012. There has been a declining trend in consanguinity in the country, with the rate decreasing from a level of 57% in 1990. Most consanguineous marriage in 2012 were first cousin marriages, constituting 23% of all marriages and 66% of all consanguineous marriages...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783219/childcare-by-grandparents-in-married-and-cohabiting-couples-evidence-from-italy
#8
Silvia Meggiolaro
The process of union formation and the context of childrearing have profoundly changed with the spread of cohabitation in the last few decades. It is only recently that some attention has been paid to the implications of these changes for family ties. This study considers, with reference to Italy, a specific relationship between individuals in couples and their family of origin - childcare by grandparents. The aim of the paper is twofold. First, we investigate whether children of cohabiting couples are cared for by their grandparents to a lower extent compared to children of married couples...
August 7, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766884/risk-factors-for-orofacial-clefts-in-india-a-case-control-study
#9
Sutapa Bandyopadhyay Neogi, Samiksha Singh, Dinesh Raj Pallepogula, Hira Pant, Sunanda Reddy Kolli, Priyanka Bharti, Vikram Datta, Srinivas Reddy Gosla, Krishnamurthy Bonanthaya, Andy Ness, Sanjay Kinra, Pat Doyle, Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy Gudlavalleti
BACKGROUND: Orofacial clefts (OFC) are linked with several genetic and environmental factors. The aim of this study was to explore the association of potential risk factors with OFCs in India. METHODS: This was a hospital-based, matched case-control (1:4 ratio; matching done for parity) study conducted in Hyderabad, Bengaluru, and Delhi-National Capital Region. Cases (nonsyndromic clefts) were recruited from treatment centers, while controls (live births) were recruited from maternity centers...
August 2, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760128/analysis-of-musculoskeletal-dysmorphic-abnormalities-of-20-fetuses
#10
Mehmet Nuri Konya, Muhsin Elmas, Çiğdem Özdemir
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to report rates of skeletal abnormalities and their risk factors in light of information obtained in a fetal autopsy series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 20 fetuses (11 males, 8 females and 1 ambiguous genitalia; mean age 19.3±4.0 weeks; range 16 to 32 week) who underwent autopsy in our hospital between January 2013 and March 2015. Fetuses were systematically classified according to age, gender, family history, abortus week, abortus type, and extremity and organ abnormalities...
August 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758882/attitude-towards-gender-roles-and-violence-against-women-and-girls-vawg-baseline-findings-from-an-rct-of-1752-youths-in-pakistan
#11
Tazeen Saeed Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain M A Khuwaja, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is driven by gender norms that normalize and justify gender inequality and violence. Gender norms are substantially shaped during adolescence. Programs offered through schools offer an opportunity to influence gender attitudes toward gender equity if we understand these to be partly shaped by peers and the school environment. OBJECTIVE: We present an analysis of the baseline research conducted for a randomized controlled trial with 1752 grade 6 boys and girls and their attitudes toward gender roles, VAWG, and associated factors...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757595/early-marriage-and-barriers-to-contraception-among-syrian-refugee-women-in-lebanon-a-qualitative-study
#12
Zeinab Cherri, Julita Gil Cuesta, Jose M Rodriguez-Llanes, Debarati Guha-Sapir
The Syrian conflict has displaced five million individuals outside their country with Lebanon hosting the largest numbers per capita. Around 24% of Syrian refugees fleeing to Lebanon are women of reproductive age (15-49). Yet, a better understanding of the sexual and reproductive health needs of Syrian refugee women in Lebanon is required to improve provided services. Eleven focus group discussions were conducted in four regions of Lebanon with 108 Syrian refugee women of reproductive age. Thematic analysis was used to examine the data...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753544/effect-of-female-genital-cutting-performed-by-health-care-professionals-on-labor-complications-in-egyptian-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Wael F Saleh, Haitham A Torky, Mohamed A Youssef, Wael S Ragab, Mohamed A Sayed Ahmed, Ashraf Eldaly
AIM: To examine the effect of the degree of female genital cutting (FGC) performed by health-care professionals on perineal scarring; delivery mode; duration of second stage of labor; incidence of perineal tears and episiotomy in a cohort of uncircumcised versus circumcised (types I and II) women. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 450 primigravida women in active labor attending the Faculty of Medicine Cairo University Hospital between January 2013 and August 2014...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734504/-relationship-between-family-variables-and-conjugal-adjustment
#14
Nerea Jiménez-Picón, Joaquín-Salvador Lima-Rodríguez, Marta Lima-Serrano
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether family variables, such as type of relationship, years of marriage, existence of offspring, number of members of family, stage of family life cycle, transition between stages, perceived social support, and/or stressful life events are related to conjugal adjustment. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and correlational study using questionnaires. LOCATION: Primary care and hospital units of selected centres in the province of Seville, Spain...
July 19, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733565/customary-marriages-in-rural-pakistan
#15
N Rehan, K Qayyum
BACKGROUND: Although the incidents of customary marriages are frequently reported in Pakistani press, yet no large scale community-based study has ever been conducted to gauge the magnitude of such marriages. The present study is the first-ever community based study on this topic. METHODS: 4,385 ever-married women, aged 18-83 years, from six rural districts, were interviewed to enquire about the types of their marriages. The data was collected through interviews conducted by trained female interviewers and analysed through SPSS-20...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728425/qatari-intersections-with-global-genetics-research-and-discourse
#16
Susie Kilshaw
Genetic discourses have taken a predominant role in approaches to combating a number of conditions that affect Qataris. This paper is derived from an exploration of Qatari encounters with globalizing discourses of genetics, particularly as they relate to notions of risk. It explores Qataris negotiations of global interactions and influences, including the discourses around genetic risk and cousin marriage. It suggests that family marriage can be seen as one of the main platforms of resistance and a means for modern, cosmopolitan and tradition to be negotiated...
July 21, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721961/determinants-of-child-sex-ratio-in-west-and-south-districts-of-tripura-india
#17
Himadri Bhattacharjya, Subrata Baidya
BACKGROUND: Indian census 2011 has detected declined child sex ratio in the West and South districts of Tripura State. OBJECTIVES: To find out the sex ratio at birth and to identify the factors affecting child sex ratio in west and south districts of Tripura. METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study combined with a qualitative component was conducted among 3438 couples chosen by multistage sampling. Quantitative data were collected by a structured interview schedule...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721064/lived-experiences-of-iranian-parents-of-beta-thalassemia-children
#18
Aziz Shahraki-Vahed, Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi, Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad, Jamile Ghalgaie
INTRODUCTION: Thalassemia is a chronic blood disease, which imposes adverse effects on patients and their families. Parents of such patients, given that they had the thalassemia trait, hold themselves responsible for their children's disease in addition to other difficulties, bear the burden of guilt and hopelessness and worry about the health and future of their children. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of parents of children with thalassemia. METHODS: The present research was conducted using a descriptive phenomenological approach...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716867/syndromic-congenital-diarrhoea-new-spint2-mutation-identified-in-the-uae
#19
Solange Bou Chaaya, Julian D Eason, Bibian N Ofoegbu
We are reporting a new mutation in the SPINT2 gene (c.443G>A (p. Arg148His)) that explains the association of choanal atresia with congenital sodium diarrhoea (CSD) in an Emirati family in the Middle East. To our knowledge, this mutation is neither listed in a mutation database nor described in the literature. Similar to other patients with CSD associated with SPINT2, this child remains dependent on parenteral nutrition for fluids and nutritional support resulting in failure to thrive. The determination of the molecular basis of syndromic CSD will facilitate prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of patients and will contribute to counselling of affected families, especially in areas like the UAE where consanguineous marriages are not uncommon...
July 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705350/trajectories-of-relationship-supportiveness-after-childbirth-does-marriage-matter
#20
Marcia J Carlson, Alicia G VanOrman
Relationship quality for married couples typically declines after the birth of a (first) child, as parenthood brings new identities, stresses, and responsibilities for mothers and fathers. Yet, it is less clear whether nonmarital relationship quality follows a similar trajectory, particularly given the greater selectivity of nonmarital relationships that persist over time. This paper uses data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,459) with latent growth curve models to examine relationship quality (measured by mothers' perceived supportiveness about fathers) for married and unmarried couples over nine years after a child's birth...
August 2017: Social Science Research
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