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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649142/how-early-life-religious-exposure-relates-to-the-timing-of-first-birth
#1
Lisa D Pearce, Shannon N Davis
This paper examines intermediary processes explaining how religious socialization and involvement early in life are related to the timing of first births for women in the United States. The theory of conjunctural action forms the basis for hypotheses for how religious schema and materials operate to influence birth timing. Using the NLSY79 data and event history methods, the study finds evidence for expected family size, work-family gender ideology, educational attainment and enrollment, cohabitation, and age at marriage as mediators of associations between early life religious exposure (affiliation and attendance) and the timing of nonmaritally and maritally conceived first births...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637290/a-bright-side-to-the-work-family-interface-husbands-support-as-a-resource-in-double-and-triple-duty-caregiving-wives-work-lives
#2
Nicole DePasquale, Courtney A Polenick, Kelly D Davis, Lisa F Berkman, Thomas D Cabot
Purpose of the Study: This study examined how women who combine long-term care employment with unpaid, informal caregiving roles for children (double-duty-child caregivers), older adults (double-duty-elder caregivers), and both children and older adults (triple-duty caregivers) differed from their workplace-only caregiving counterparts on workplace factors related to job retention (i.e., job satisfaction and turnover intentions) and performance (i.e., perceived obligation to work while sick and emotional exhaustion)...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635409/confronting-infertility-in-iranian-clients-a-grounded-theory
#3
Mitra Zandi, Eesa Mohammadi, Zohreh Vanaki, Marziyeh Shiva, Narges Bagheri Lankarani, Faezeh Zarei
The present study examined how infertile Iranian clients confront infertility. Research on infertility has confirmed the significance of a socio-cultural context in the formation of responses to infertility. This study used the grounded theory approach to explore the experiences of infertile individuals presenting at the Royan Institute in Iran from October 2013 to September 2014. Clients with infertility of at least two years in duration were recruited using purposive sampling followed by theoretical sampling...
February 10, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635337/population-based-genetic-study-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-mutations-in-mardan-division-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-province-pakistan
#4
Raj Muhammad, Muhammad Shakeel, Shoaib U Rehman, Muhammad A Lodhi
β-Thalassemia (β-thal) is the most prevalent hereditary blood disorder in Pakistan with a carrier rate of 5.0-8.0%. The homozygous affected children require frequent blood transfusions for their survival. This autosomal recessive disease can only be prevented through awareness programs, carrier screening, mutation detection, genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis (PND). The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of various mutations causing β-thal and also to detect carriers of these mutations in families living in the Mardan Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province, Pakistan...
June 21, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634657/longitudinal-perceptions-of-the-side-effects-of-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-gynecological-cancer
#5
Hui-Chun Hsu, Su-Yu Tsai, Shang-Liang Wu, Shiow-Roug Jeang, Mei-Yao Ho, Wen-Shiung Liou, An-Jen Chiang, Tsung-Hsien Chang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the incidence and difference of side effects among six courses of chemotherapy (C/T) in gynecological cancer patients. METHODS: The study period was from Sep. 2010 to Dec. 2011 at the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan. The treating protocols, courses, and drugs of C/T in patient were considered according to the different malignant cancers and clinical conditions. The patient data of age, marriage status, education, religion, and experiences of C/T were collected...
June 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629455/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-autonomy-childbirth-practices-and-obstetric-fistula-among-women-in-rural-lilongwe-district-malawi
#6
Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan, Reginald Chunda
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by prolonged obstructed labor, many other factors indirectly increase fistula risk. Some research suggests that many women in rural Malawi have limited autonomy and decision-making power in their households. We hypothesize that women's limited autonomy may play a role in reinforcing childbirth practices that increase the risk of obstetric fistula in this setting by hindering access to emergency care and further prolonging obstructed labor...
June 19, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607649/influencing-factors-in-choosing-delivery-method-iranian-primiparous-women-s-perspective
#7
Ahmad Moosavi, Sepideh Gareh Sheikhlou, Sara Gareh Sheikhlou, Kolsum Abdolahi, Leila Yaminifar, Maryam Maktabi
BACKGROUND: Studies on the primiparous mothers' decision on delivery method are limited. AIM: The aim of his study was to determine the factors that influence the choice of delivery method by Iranian primiparous women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in April through September 2014. Participants were 460 primiparous women in 8 hospitals of 4 cities in Iran. Finally, 230 cesarean section and 230 vaginal delivery women were selected...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606030/assessing-breast-cancer-risk-estimates-based-on-the-gail-model-and-its-predictors-in-qatari-women
#8
Abdulbari Bener, Funda Çatan, Hanadi R El Ayoubi, Ahmet Acar, Wanis H Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: The Gail model is the most widely used breast cancer risk assessment tool. An accurate assessment of individual's breast cancer risk is very important for prevention of the disease and for the health care providers to make decision on taking chemoprevention for high-risk women in clinical practice in Qatar. AIM: To assess the breast cancer risk among Arab women population in Qatar using the Gail model and provide a global comparison of risk assessment...
July 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604354/mental-health-insurance-parity-and-provider-wages
#9
Ezra Golberstein, Susan H Busch
BACKGROUND: Policymakers frequently mandate that employers or insurers provide insurance benefits deemed to be critical to individuals' well-being. However, in the presence of private market imperfections, mandates that increase demand for a service can lead to price increases for that service, without necessarily affecting the quantity being supplied. We test this idea empirically by looking at mental health parity mandates. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether implementation of parity laws was associated with changes in mental health provider wages...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599776/educational-differentials-in-cohabitors-marriage-intentions-at-different-childbearing-stages-in-seven-european-countries
#10
Jorik Vergauwen, Karel Neels, Jonas Wood
Several studies have looked into the socio-economic gradients of cohabitation and non-marital fertility. According to the theory of the Second Demographic Transition, highly educated individuals can be considered as forerunners in the Western European spread of non-marital family forms after the 1970s. In Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), however, research has provided evidence for a Pattern of Disadvantage where those with the lowest education have been the most likely to adopt such family forms. Hitherto, few studies have considered the educational gradient of the intentions underlying these behaviors...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588179/childhood-wilson-disease-bangladesh-perspective
#11
M Rukunuzzaman, A B Karim, M Nurullah, F Sultana, M W Mazumder, M A Rahman, S B Billah, F Begum, M Oliullah
Wilson's disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder affecting copper metabolism causing copper induced damage to various organs. In children liver is commonly involved. Central nervous system, eyes, RBC, kidneys, brain and bones may also be affected. Aim of the study is to evaluate clinical & laboratory profile of Wilson's disease in children. This cross sectional descriptive study was conducted at the department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh, from January 2011 to December, 2013...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578743/to-what-extent-do-couples-pre-marital-communications-affect-their-post-marital-fertility-behaviour-in-india
#12
Sayantani Chatterjee, Anshul Kastor
Reproduction in India is mainly confined to within marriage. The fertility preferences of spouses will not necessarily be the same, but discussion between couples creates scope for understanding between spouses after marriage. Knowing each other's opinions facilitates decision-making on sensitive matters such as contraception use and desired family size. This study used data from the India Human Development Survey-II (2011-12), and was based on a sample of 31,276 currently married women. The aim was to understand the role of pre-marital communication, studied through the choosing of husbands, mutual communication before marriage and duration of time spouses knew each other before marriage on the fertility preferences of couples post-marriage...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515195/cohort-profile-internal-migration-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-migration-and-health-in-malawi-mhm-study
#13
Philip Anglewicz, Mark VanLandingham, Lucinda Manda-Taylor, Hans-Peter Kohler
PURPOSE: The Migration and Health in Malawi (MHM) study focuses on a key challenge in migration research: although it has long been established that migration and health are closely linked, identifying the effect of migration on various health outcomes is complicated by methodological challenges. The MHM study uses a longitudinal panel premigration and postmigration study design (with a non-migrant comparison group) to measure and/or control for important characteristics that affect both migration and health outcomes...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503268/the-roles-of-men-in-family-planning-a-study-of-married-men-at-the-ukm-primary-care-clinic
#14
Jes Ling, S F Tong
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, family planning initiatives were concentrated on women despite it being a family matter. As family dynamics evolved over the years, fathers' involvement in family planning has become crucial in enhancing the family well-being. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the role played by men in family planning activities and the association of socio-economic characteristics with these roles. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in a university primary care clinic...
2017: Malaysian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496954/sexual-risk-behaviors-constructed-in-iranian-women-s-life-with-substance-use-disorders-a-new-implication-of-human-ecological-theory
#15
Mansoureh Jamshidimanesh, Seyed Abbas Mousavi, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Afsaneh Keramat
BACKGROUND: Drug abuse is one of the important variables influencing protective sexual behavior. The objective of this study was to explore how risky sexual behaviors develop in drug abusing women using human ecological theory. METHODS: In this study, we used a descriptive exploratory approach. The participants were 32 drug abusing women from two of the selected drop-in centers (DICs) in south Tehran, Iran, where we could have access to a vast number of female drug users...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490820/the-end-of-hypergamy-global-trends-and-implications
#16
Albert Esteve, Christine R Schwartz, Jan Van Bavel, Iñaki Permanyer, Martin Klesment, Joan Garcia
The gender gap in education that has long favored men has reversed for young adults in almost all high and middle-income countries. In 2010, the proportion of women aged 25-29 with a college education was higher than that of men in more than 139 countries which altogether represent 86% of the world's population. According to recent population forecasts, women will have more education than men in nearly every country in the world by 2050, with the exception of only a few African and West Asian countries (KC et al...
December 2016: Population and Development Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484997/women-left-behind-poverty-and-headship-in-africa
#17
Annamaria Milazzo, Dominique van de Walle
Two stylized facts about poverty in Africa motivate this article: female-headed households tend to be poorer, and poverty has been falling in the aggregate since the 1990s. These facts raise two questions. First, how have female-headed households fared? Second, what role have they played in Africa's impressive recent aggregate growth and poverty reduction? Using data covering the entire region, we reexamine the current prevalence and characteristics of female-headed households and ask whether their prevalence has been rising, what factors have been associated with such changes since the mid-1990s, and whether poverty has fallen equiproportionately for male- and female-headed households...
May 8, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482752/childhood-family-structure-and-women-s-adult-overweight-risk-a-longitudinal-study
#18
M Pia Chaparro, Xavier de Luna, Jenny Häggström, Anneli Ivarsson, Urban Lindgren, Karina Nilsson, Ilona Koupil
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether women's adult overweight and obesity risk was associated with their childhood family structure, measured as their mothers' marital status history, during the women's first 18 years of life. METHODS: Using linked register data, we analyzed 30,584 primiparous women born in Sweden in 1975 who were between 19-35 years of age when their height and pre-pregnancy weight was recorded. The outcomes were women's overweight/obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and the predictor was mothers' marital status history, which was summarized using sequence analysis...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476154/cluster-randomized-evaluation-of-adolescent-girls-empowerment-programme-agep-study-protocol
#19
Paul C Hewett, Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jere R Behrman, Fiammetta Bozzani, Natalie A Jackson-Hachonda
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in less developed countries such as Zambia often face multi-faceted challenges for achieving successful transitions through adolescence to early adulthood. The literature has noted the need to introduce interventions during this period, particularly for adolescent girls, with the perspective that such investments have significant economic, social and health returns to society. The Adolescent Girls Empowerment Programme (AGEP) was an intervention designed as a catalyst for change for adolescent girls through themselves, to their family and community...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466745/the-family-economic-status-and-outcome-of-people-with-schizophrenia-in-xinjin-chengdu-china-14-year-follow-up-study
#20
Mao-Sheng Ran, Lawrence H Yang, Yu-Jun Liu, Debbie Huang, Wen-Jun Mao, Fu-Rong Lin, Jie Li, Cecilia Lai-Wan Chan
BACKGROUND: Little is known about whether family economic status might influence the long-term (e.g. over 10 years) outcome of persons with schizophrenia in the community. AIM: To examine the differences in outcome at 14-year follow-up of persons with schizophrenia from high versus low family economic status backgrounds in a Chinese rural area. METHOD: A prospective 14-year follow-up study was conducted in six townships in Xinjin County, Chengdu, China...
May 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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