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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449570/in-situ-visualization-of-sound-induced-otolith-motion-using-hard-x-ray-phase-contrast-imaging
#1
Tanja Schulz-Mirbach, Margie Olbinado, Alexander Rack, Alberto Mittone, Alberto Bravin, Roland R Melzer, Friedrich Ladich, Martin Heß
Regarding the basics of ear structure-function relationships in fish, the actual motion of the solid otolith relative to the underlying sensory epithelium has rarely been investigated. Otolith motion has been characterized based on a few experimental studies and on approaches using mathematical modeling, which have yielded partially conflicting results. Those studies either predicted a simple back-and-forth motion of the otolith or a shape-dependent, more complex motion. Our study was designed to develop and test a new set-up to generate experimental data on fish otolith motion in-situ...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446033/climate-change-foodborne-pathogens-and-illness-in-higher-income-countries
#2
REVIEW
I R Lake, G C Barker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We present a review of the likely consequences of climate change for foodborne pathogens and associated human illness in higher-income countries. RECENT FINDINGS: The relationships between climate and food are complex and hence the impacts of climate change uncertain. This makes it difficult to know which foodborne pathogens will be most affected, what the specific effects will be, and on what timescales changes might occur. Hence, a focus upon current capacity and adaptation potential against foodborne pathogens is essential...
February 14, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439073/characteristics-of-medical-disputes-arising-from-dental-practice-in-guangzhou-china-an-observational-study
#3
Zifeng Liu, Yong Zhang, Joseph Obiri Asante, Yixiang Huang, Xin Wang, Lijin Chen
OBJECTIVES: Doctor-patient conflict is a phenomenon that has become one of the major social problems affecting China's medical system today. This study aimed to analyse the nature of medical dispute incidents arising from dental practice, discover the related factors that may have incited such disputes and explore measures whereby the incidents of patients' conflicts towards dentists can be reduced. METHODS: A survey conducted in six public hospitals in Guangzhou, one of the largest cities in China, showed that more than two million patients received dental treatment between 2008 and 2012...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424623/interprofessional-education-day-an-evaluation-of-an-introductory-experience-for-first-year-students
#4
Zachary Singer, Kevin Fung, Elaine Lillie, Jennifer McLeod, Grace Scott, Peng You, Krista Helleman
Interprofessional health care teams have been shown to improve patient safety and reduce medical errors, among other benefits. Introducing interprofessional concepts to students in full day events is an established model that allows students to learn together. Our group developed an academic day for first-year students devoted to an introductory interprofessional education (IPE) experience, 'IPE Day'. In total, 438 students representing medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and optometry gathered together, along with 25 facilitators, for IPE Day...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424040/alpha-event-related-synchronization-after-eye-closing-differs-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-a-magnetoencephalography-study
#5
Masahiro Hata, Ryu Kurimoto, Hiroaki Kazui, Ryouhei Ishii, Leonides Canuet, Yasunori Aoki, Shunichiro Ikeda, Shingo Azuma, Takashi Suehiro, Shunsuke Sato, Yukiko Suzuki, Hideki Kanemoto, Kenji Yoshiyama, Masao Iwase, Manabu Ikeda
BACKGROUND: The electroencephalography (EEG) abnormalities found in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are conflicting. In this study, we used magnetoencephalography, which has higher spatial resolution than electroencephalography, to explore neurophysiological features of DLB that may aid in the differential diagnosis. METHODS: Six patients with DLB, 11 patients with Alzheimer's disease, and 11 age-matched normal subjects were recruited. We investigated alterations in the ratio of event-related synchronization (ERS) in the alpha band after eye-closing...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420550/spectrum-of-interstitial-lung-diseases-at-a-tertiary-center-in-a-developing-country-a-study-of-803-subjects
#6
Sahajal Dhooria, Ritesh Agarwal, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Kuruswamy Thurai Prasad, Mandeep Garg, Amanjit Bal, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Digambar Behera
BACKGROUND: The spectrum of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) have mainly been reported from the developed countries; data from developing countries is sparse and conflicting. The aim of this study is to describe the distribution of various ILDs from a developing country. METHODS: This is an analysis of prospectively collected clinical, radiological and histological data of consecutive subjects (age >12 years) with ILDs from a single tertiary care medical center...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415229/military-personnel-who-seek-health-and-mental-health-services-outside-the-military
#7
Howard Waitzkin, Mario Cruz, Bryant Shuey, Daniel Smithers, Laura Muncy, Marylou Noble
Background: Although research conducted within the military has assessed the health and mental health problems of military personnel, little information exists about personnel who seek care outside the military. The purpose of this study is to clarify the personal characteristics, mental health diagnoses, and experiences of active duty U.S. military personnel who sought civilian sector services due to unmet needs for care. Materials and Methods: This prospective, multi-method study included 233 clients, based in the United States, Afghanistan, South Korea, and Germany, who obtained care between 2013 and 2016 from a nationwide network of volunteer civilian practitioners...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412100/the-eis-model-a-pilot-investigation-of-a-multidisciplinary-sex-therapy-treatment
#8
Jennifer Konzen, Jessica Lambert, Marianne Miller, Sesen Negash
Marital couples not experiencing a satisfying sexual relationship are less satisfied in their overall relationship. There is, however, a paucity of controlled outcome studies researching effectiveness of sex therapy interventions. This study was a pilot investigation of a new manual-based sex therapy called the EIS (empathy, intimacy, and sexual satisfaction) model. Results showed significant improvement in sexual and marital satisfaction, marital intimacy, and verbal sexual intimacy for men and women, and sexual function for women...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401499/first-typology-of-cacao-theobroma-cacao-l-systems-in-colombian-amazonia-based-on-tree-species-richness-canopy-structure-and-light-availability
#9
Juan Carlos Suárez Salazar, Marie Ange Ngo Bieng, Luz Marina Melgarejo, Julio A Di Rienzo, Fernando Casanoves
AIM AND BACKGROUND: We present a typology of cacao agroforest systems in Colombian Amazonia. These systems had yet to be described in the literature, especially their potential in terms of biodiversity conservation. The systems studied are located in a post-conflict area, and a deforestation front in Colombian Amazonia. Cacao cropping systems are of key importance in Colombia: cacao plays a prime role in post conflict resolution, as cacao is a legal crop to replace illegal crops; cacao agroforests are expected to be a sustainable practice, promoting forest-friendly land use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394183/outcomes-of-ethics-consultations-in-adult-icus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Selena S Au, Philippe Couillard, Amanda Roze des Ordons, Kirsten M Fiest, Dianne L Lorenzetti, Nathalie Jette
OBJECTIVES: Clinical ethics consultation as a mechanism for supporting patients, family, and staff during ethically challenging situations has become standard of care. Despite this, there is a lack of consensus about the effectiveness of clinical ethics consultation consultation in the ICU. We performed a systematic review of outcomes associated with clinical ethics consultation within adult ICUs. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature from 1984 to May 2017...
February 1, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391206/long-term-outcomes-of-a-large-prospective-observational-cohort-of-older-adults-with-back-pain
#11
Jeffrey G Jarvik, Laura S Gold, Katherine Tan, Janna L Friedly, Srdjan S Nedeljkovic, Bryan A Comstock, Richard A Deyo, Judith A Turner, Brian W Bresnahan, Sean D Rundell, Kathryn T James, David R Nerenz, Andrew L Avins, Zoya Bauer, Larry Kessler, Patrick J Heagerty
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Although back pain is common among older adults, there is relatively little research on the course of back pain in this age group. PURPOSE: Our primary goals were to report 2-year outcomes of older adults initiating primary care for back pain and to examine the relative importance of patient factors vs. medical interventions in predicting 2-year disability and pain. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Predictive model using data from a prospective, observational cohort from a primary care setting...
January 29, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386731/severe-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-can-we-eliminate-it-through-a-multipronged-approach
#12
Nikita Naredi, S K Singh, Prasad Lele, N Nagraj
Background: Prevention of severe Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS), a potentially fatal complication of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation has been the aim of all fertility experts. Various pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions have been instituted but the results have been conflicting. These preventive strategies were administered in isolation or as a combination of few aiming to eliminate this iatrogenic sequel. This study aimed to eliminate severe OHSS by multipronged approach incorporating almost all preventive modalities available in patients at high risk for this dreadful complication...
January 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383083/preparing-emergency-medicine-residents-to-disclose-medical-error-using-standardized-patients
#13
Carmen N Spalding, Sherri L Rudinsky
Introduction: Emergency Medicine (EM) is a unique clinical learning environment. The American College of Graduate Medical Education Clinical Learning Environment Review Pathways to Excellence calls for "hands-on training" of disclosure of medical error (DME) during residency. Training and practicing key elements of DME using standardized patients (SP) may enhance preparedness among EM residents in performing this crucial skill in a clinical setting. Methods: This training was developed to improve resident preparedness in DME in the clinical setting...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380879/emergent-buffering-balances-evolvability-and-robustness-in-the-evolution-of-phenotypic-flexibility
#14
Alexander V Badyaev, Erin S Morrison
Evolution of adaptive phenotypic flexibility requires a system that can dynamically restore and update a functional phenotype in response to environmental change. The architecture of such a system evolves under the conflicting demands of versatility and robustness, and resolution of these demands should be particularly evident in organisms that require external inputs for reiterative trait production within a generation, such as in metabolic networks that underlie yearly acquisition of diet-dependent coloration in birds...
January 30, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375075/the-concept-of-futility-recognizing-the-importance-of-context
#15
Robert D Truog
Debate about the concept of medical futility is often polarized around two views. One is that futility is simply an acknowledgment of the limitations of modern medicine, a corollary of the fact of human mortality. The other is that futility is a judgment that is always grounded in a particular set of values, and that medical professionals have no right to impose their value judgments on patients and families who do not share their perspective. This essay argues that these dichotomous views can be reconciled by appreciating the importance of the context in which the dialogue occurs...
2018: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367776/evaluation-of-a-unique-interprofessional-education-program-involving-medical-and-pharmacy-students
#16
Jeff J Nagge, Michael F Lee-Poy, Cynthia L Richard
Objective. To measure changes in interprofessional competencies among pharmacy and medical students following a half-day event focusing on interprofessional learning. Methods. There were 118 pharmacy students and 28 medical students who participated in the Healthcare Interprofessional Education Day (HIPED) which consisted of three stations (communication, patient interviewing, and prescribing) in which pharmacy and medical students had to work collaboratively. The standardized Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey (ICCAS) was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the program...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360609/a-model-based-quantification-of-action-control-deficits-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Mathieu Servant, Nelleke van Wouwe, Scott A Wylie, Gordon D Logan
Basal ganglia dysfunction in Parkinson's disease (PD) is thought to generate deficits in action control, but the characterization of these deficits have been qualitative rather than quantitative. Patients with PD typically show prolonged response times on tasks that instantiate a conflict between goal-directed processing and automatic response tendencies. In the Simon task, for example, the irrelevant location of the stimulus automatically activates a corresponding lateralized response, generating a potential conflict with goal-directed choices...
January 19, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356929/dealing-with-the-conflicting-results-of-psycholinguistic-experiments-how-to-resolve-them-with-the-help-of-statistical-meta-analysis
#18
Csilla Rákosi
This paper proposes the use of the tools of statistical meta-analysis as a method of conflict resolution with respect to experiments in cognitive linguistics. With the help of statistical meta-analysis, the effect size of similar experiments can be compared, a well-founded and robust synthesis of the experimental data can be achieved, and possible causes of any divergence(s) in the outcomes can be revealed. This application of statistical meta-analysis offers a novel method of how diverging evidence can be dealt with...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343603/mutual-assessment-during-ritualized-fighting-in-mantis-shrimp-stomatopoda
#19
P A Green, S N Patek
Safe and effective conflict resolution is critical for survival and reproduction. Theoretical models describe how animals resolve conflict by assessing their own and/or their opponent's ability (resource holding potential, RHP), yet experimental tests of these models are often inconclusive. Recent reviews have suggested this uncertainty could be alleviated by using multiple approaches to test assessment models. The mantis shrimp Neogonodactylus bredini presents visual displays and ritualistically exchanges high-force strikes during territorial contests...
January 31, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339313/the-human-body-odor-compound-androstadienone-increases-neural-interference-coupled-to-higher-behavioral-costs-during-an-emotional-stroop-task
#20
Jonas Hornung, Lydia Kogler, Michael Erb, Jessica Freiherr, Birgit Derntl
The androgen derivative androstadienone (AND) is a substance found in human sweat and thus may act as human chemosignal. With the current experiment, we aimed to explore in which way AND affects interference processing during an emotional Stroop task which used human faces as target and emotional words as distractor stimuli. This was complemented by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to unravel the neural mechanism of AND-action. Based on previous accounts we expected AND to increase neural activation in areas commonly implicated in evaluation of emotional face processing and to change neural activation in brain regions linked to interference processing...
January 12, 2018: NeuroImage
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