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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816808/influences-on-infant-feeding-perceptions-of-mother-father-parent-dyads
#1
Wilson Majee, Matthew J Thullen, Alexandra N Davis, Tarunjot K Sethi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine interrelational-, organizational-, and community-level influences on how coparents collaborate about infant and toddler feeding. STUDY DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Using qualitative methods, we interviewed mother-father parent dyads to explore the potential influences on infant and toddler feeding. Participants were purposively recruited from two Midwest, rural, university-system pediatric clinics. Thematic analysis was used to code the data...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812610/genome-wide-interrogation-advances-resolution-of-recalcitrant-groups-in-the-tree-of-life
#2
Dahiana Arcila, Guillermo Ortí, Richard Vari, Jonathan W Armbruster, Melanie L J Stiassny, Kyung D Ko, Mark H Sabaj, John Lundberg, Liam J Revell, Ricardo Betancur-R
Much progress has been achieved in disentangling evolutionary relationships among species in the tree of life, but some taxonomic groups remain difficult to resolve despite increasing availability of genome-scale data sets. Here we present a practical approach to studying ancient divergences in the face of high levels of conflict, based on explicit gene genealogy interrogation (GGI). We show its efficacy in resolving the controversial relationships within the largest freshwater fish radiation (Otophysi) based on newly generated DNA sequences for 1,051 loci from 225 species...
January 13, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810977/moving-beyond-accidental-leadership-a-graduate-medical-education-leadership-curriculum-needs-assessment
#3
Joshua D Hartzell, Clifton E Yu, Brian M Cohee, Michael R Nelson, Ramey L Wilson
BACKGROUND: Despite calls for greater physician leadership, few medical schools, and graduate medical education programs provide explicit training on the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to be an effective physician leader. Rather, most leaders develop through what has been labeled "accidental leadership." A survey was conducted at Walter Reed to define the current status of leadership development and determine what learners and faculty perceived as key components of a leadership curriculum...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805409/adolescents-responses-to-marital-conflict-the-role-of-cooperative-marital-conflict
#4
Nan Zhou, Cheryl Buehler
Not all youth exposed to hostile marital interactions develop negative responses to marital conflict. Cooperative marital conflict has long been considered as an important way of managing conflict and may serve as an important context in which hostility might convey during marital interactions. In light of little prior attention placed on the positive side of conflict processes, the main and moderating effects of cooperative marital conflict on youth responses to marital conflict were examined in a sample of 416 2-parent families using a multimethod, 2-year prospective design...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805089/dialogue-and-conflict-resolution-potential-and-limits
#5
Kai Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803349/scary-symptoms-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-evidence-for-symptom-interpretation-bias-in-pathological-health-anxiety
#6
Zhimin Yan, Michael Witthöft, Josef Bailer, Carsten Diener, Daniela Mier
Patients with pathological health anxiety (PHA) tend to automatically interpret bodily sensations as sign of a severe illness. To elucidate the neural correlates of this cognitive bias, we applied an functional magnetic resonance imaging adaption of a body-symptom implicit association test with symptom words in patients with PHA (n = 32) in comparison to patients with depression (n = 29) and healthy participants (n = 35). On the behavioral level, patients with PHA did not significantly differ from the control groups...
August 12, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802046/replication-transcription-conflicts-generate-r-loops-that-orchestrate-bacterial-stress-survival-and-pathogenesis
#7
Kevin S Lang, Ashley N Hall, Christopher N Merrikh, Mark Ragheb, Hannah Tabakh, Alex J Pollock, Joshua J Woodward, Julia E Dreifus, Houra Merrikh
Replication-transcription collisions shape genomes, influence evolution, and promote genetic diseases. Although unclear why, head-on transcription (lagging strand genes) is especially disruptive to replication and promotes genomic instability. Here, we find that head-on collisions promote R-loop formation in Bacillus subtilis. We show that pervasive R-loop formation at head-on collision regions completely blocks replication, elevates mutagenesis, and inhibits gene expression. Accordingly, the activity of the R-loop processing enzyme RNase HIII at collision regions is crucial for stress survival in B...
August 10, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801755/a-cross-national-comparison-of-violence-among-young-men-in-china-and-the-uk-psychiatric-and-cultural-explanations
#8
Jeremy Coid, Junmei Hu, Constantinos Kallis, Yuan Ping, Juying Zhang, Yueying Hu, Laura Bui, Simone Ullrich, Paul Bebbington
PURPOSE: Public health psychiatry has a key role in violence prevention. Cross-national comparisons of violence and associated psychiatric morbidity can indicate targets for preventive interventions. METHOD: Data on young adult men in households, 18-34 years, were drawn from the Second Men's Modern Lifestyles survey in Great Britain (n = 2046) and from a corresponding survey in Chengdu, China (n = 4132), using a translated questionnaire. Binary logistic regression models were carried out to estimate the cross-national differences for different types of violence and to identify explanatory variables...
August 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797692/the-development-of-scientific-consensus-analyzing-conflict-and-concordance-among-avian-phylogenies
#9
Joseph W Brown, Ning Wang, Stephen A Smith
Recent developments in phylogenetic methods and data acquisition have allowed for the construction of large and comprehensive phylogenetic relationships. Published phylogenies represent an enormous resource that not only facilitates the resolution of questions related to comparative biology, but also provides a resource on which to gauge the development of concordance across the tree of life. From the Open Tree of Life, we gathered 290 avian phylogenies representing all major groups that have been published over the last few decades and analyzed how concordance and conflict develop among these trees through time...
August 7, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793184/survey-highlights-the-need-for-specific-interventions-to-reduce-frequent-conflicts-between-healthcare-professionals-providing-paediatric-end-of-life-care
#10
Marie-Anne Archambault-Grenier, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon, France Gauvin, Hubert Doucet, Nago Humbert, Sanja Stojanovic, Antoine Payot, Sylvie Fortin, Annie Janvier, Michel Duval
AIMS: This study explored how paediatric healthcare professionals experienced and coped with end-of-life conflicts and identified how to improve coping strategies. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to all 2,300 professionals at a paediatric university hospital, covering the frequency of end-of-life conflicts, participants, contributing factors, resolution strategies, outcomes and the usefulness of specific institutional coping strategies. RESULTS: Of the 946 professionals (41%) who responded, 466 had witnessed or participated in paediatric end-of-life discussions: 73% said these had led to conflict, more frequently between professionals (58%) than between professionals and parents (33%)...
August 9, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792094/audiovisual-integration-as-conflict-resolution-the-conflict-of-the-mcgurk-illusion
#11
Luis Morís Fernández, Emiliano Macaluso, Salvador Soto-Faraco
There are two main behavioral expressions of multisensory integration (MSI) in speech; the perceptual enhancement produced by the sight of the congruent lip movements of the speaker, and the illusory sound perceived when a speech syllable is dubbed with incongruent lip movements, in the McGurk effect. These two models have been used very often to study MSI. Here, we contend that, unlike congruent audiovisually (AV) speech, the McGurk effect involves brain areas related to conflict detection and resolution. To test this hypothesis, we used fMRI to measure blood oxygen level dependent responses to AV speech syllables...
August 9, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791677/patterns-and-prevalence-of-violence-related-skull-trauma-in-medieval-london
#12
Kathryn Krakowka
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify the patterns and prevalence of violence-related skull trauma (including the cranium and mandible) among a large sample of skeletons from medieval London (1050-1550 AD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, data from 399 skulls, representing six different sites from across medieval London, were analyzed for evidence of trauma and assessed for the likelihood that it was caused by violence. The sites include the three parish cemeteries of St Nicholas Shambles (GPO75), St Lawrence Jewry (GYE92), and St Benet Sherehog (ONE94); the two monastic houses of London Blackfriars (PIC87) and St Mary Graces (MIN86); and the early inmate cemetery from the medieval hospital of St Mary Spital (NRT85)...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791233/non-surgical-management-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-women
#13
REVIEW
Paul A Bergamin, Anthony J Kiosoglous
One in three women will experience a clinically significant urinary tract infection (UTI) by age twenty-four and almost half will have at least one in their lifetime. Recurrent UTIs (rUTIs) are defined as having greater than two infections in a 6-month period, or three infections over twelve months, with complete resolution for at least two weeks. These may be due to relapse from incomplete treatment (persistence) or re-infection (new source). It may be difficult to distinguish between the two, where the same organism is cultured...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781982/influence-of-cathode-geometry-on-electron-dynamics-in-an-ultrafast-electron-microscope
#14
Shaozheng Ji, Luca Piazza, Gaolong Cao, Sang Tae Park, Bryan W Reed, Daniel J Masiel, Jonas Weissenrieder
Efforts to understand matter at ever-increasing spatial and temporal resolutions have led to the development of instruments such as the ultrafast transmission electron microscope (UEM) that can capture transient processes with combined nanometer and picosecond resolutions. However, analysis by UEM is often associated with extended acquisition times, mainly due to the limitations of the electron gun. Improvements are hampered by tradeoffs in realizing combinations of the conflicting objectives for source size, emittance, and energy and temporal dispersion...
September 2017: Structural Dynamics (Melville, N.Y.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757547/high-temporal-resolution-high-spatial-resolution-spaceborne-sar-based-on-continuously-varying-prf
#15
Zhirong Men, Pengbo Wang, Chunsheng Li, Jie Chen, Wei Liu, Yue Fang
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is a well-established and powerful imaging technique for acquiring high-spatial-resolution images of the Earth's surface. With the development of beam steering techniques, sliding spotlight and staring spotlight modes have been employed to support high-spatial-resolution applications. In addition to this strengthened high-spatial-resolution and wide-swath capability, high-temporal-resolution (short repeat-observation interval) represents a key capability for numerous applications...
July 25, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755626/the-use-of-forensic-dna-analysis-in-humanitarian-forensic-action-the-development-of-a-set-of-international-standards
#16
William H Goodwin
DNA analysis was first applied to the identification of victims of armed conflicts and other situations of violence (ACOSV) in the mid-1990s, starting in South America and the Balkans. Argentina was the first country to establish a genetic database specifically developed to identify disappeared children. Following on from these programs the early 2000s marked major programs, using a largely DNA-led approach, identifying missing persons in the Balkans and following the attack on the World Trade Center in New York...
July 10, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750252/neural-correlates-of-bilingual-language-control-during-interlingual-homograph-processing-in-a-logogram-writing-system
#17
Ming-Che Hsieh, Hyeonjeong Jeong, Kelssy Hitomi Dos Santos Kawata, Yukako Sasaki, Hsun-Cheng Lee, Satoru Yokoyama, Motoaki Sugiura, Ryuta Kawashima
Bilingual studies using alphabetic languages have shown parallel activation of two languages during word recognition. However, little is known about the brain mechanisms of language control during word comprehension with a logogram writing system. We manipulated the types of words (interlingual homographs (IH), cognates, and language-specific words) and the types of participants (Chinese (L1)-Japanese (L2) bilinguals vs. Japanese monolinguals). Greater activation was found in the bilateral inferior frontal gyri, supplementary motor area, caudate nucleus and left fusiform gyrus, when the bilinguals processed IH, as compared to cognates...
July 24, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743367/characterization-of-polychlorinated-biphenyl-congeners-in-surface-sediments-of-the-changjiang-estuary-and-adjacent-shelf-by-high-resolution-sampling-and-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#18
Aifeng Liu, Yawei Wang, Mo Xian, Zongshan Zhao, Bin Zhao, Jinpeng Wang, Peng Yao
Due to limited samples and low-resolution analysis, conflicting findings on major polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners and their origins remain in the East China Sea (ECS). Based on high-resolution sampling and high-resolution mass spectrometry analysis, 72 surface sediment samples from the Changjiang Estuary and adjacent ECS shelf were determined to characterize 39 PCB congeners. PCBs (∑39PCBs) ranged from 0.003 to 16.18ng/g dw, presenting a decreasing seaward trend. Tri-, tetra- and penta-CBs were the main components, accounting for >64% of ∑39PCBs in most samples...
July 22, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734975/how-consumers-are-affected-by-product-descriptions-in-online-shopping-event-related-potentials-evidence-of-the-attribute-framing-effect
#19
Jia Jin, Wuke Zhang, Mingliang Chen
Due to the limitations of the human ability to process information, e-consumers' decisions are likely to be influenced by various cognitive biases, such as the attribute framing effect. This effect has been well studied by numerous scholars; however, the associated underlying neural mechanisms with a critical temporal resolution have not been revealed. Thus, this study applies the measurement of event-related potentials (ERPs) to directly examine the role of attribute framing in information processing and decision-making in online shopping...
July 19, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729199/violent-firearm-related-conflicts-among-high-risk-youth-an-event-level-and-daily-calendar-analysis
#20
Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Melissa C Mercado, Amanda Garcia Williams, Rebecca M Cunningham
Firearm homicide is the leading cause of violence-related youth mortality. To inform prevention efforts, we analyzed event-level data to identify unique precursors to firearm conflicts. Youth (ages:14-24) seeking Emergency Department (ED) treatment for assault or for other reasons and reporting past 6-month drug use were enrolled in a 2-year longitudinal study. Time-line follow-back substance use/aggression modules were administered at baseline and each 6-month follow-up. Violent non-partner conflicts were combined across time-points...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine
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