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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225700/seeking-legitimacy-for-dsm-5-the-bereavement-exception-as-an-example-of-failed-process
#1
James E Sabin, Norman Daniels
In 2013 the American Psychiatric Association (APA) published the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Even before publication, DSM-5 received a torrent of criticism, most prominently over removal of the "bereavement exclusion" for the diagnosis of major depression. We argue that while the APA can claim legitimate authority for deciding scientific questions, it does not have legitimacy for resolving what is ultimately a question of ethics and public policy. We show how the "accountability for reasonableness" framework for seeking legitimacy in health policy could have been used to achieve a better resolution of the conflict than actually occurred...
February 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225481/the-dysfunction-of-inhibition-control-in-pituitary-patients-evidence-from-the-go-nogo-event-related-potential-study
#2
Chenglong Cao, Jian Song, Shun Yao, Yan Yan, Shun Li, Guibao Peng, Pan Ma, Hao Du, Cheng Huang, Huichao Ding, Yuanzhi He, Ronghui Sun, Guozheng Xu
Pituitary tumor is an intracranial tumor; because of the development of neuroimaging technology in recent years, morbidity is likely to increase. Evidence showed impaired cognitive ability of patients with pituitary adenoma. There is evidence that neurobehavioral disorders are common in pituitary adenoma patients. This disorder is because of the cognitive and emotional function of the important functional areas of the brain oppressed and hormone imbalance. Individuals' mental activity is controlled by the brain and the abnormal mental activity is caused by both the structural abnormalities of the brain and neurochemical dysfunction...
February 20, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215016/reconciling-competing-values-placed-upon-goose-populations-the-evolution-of-and-experiences-from-the-islay-sustainable-goose-management-strategy
#3
Rae McKenzie, Jessica M Shaw
The Scottish island of Islay hosts 45 000 barnacle geese Branta leucopsis (56% of the Greenland barnacle goose population, plus those passing through on migration), 5000 Greenland white-fronted geese Anser albifrons flavirostris (up to 30% of the world population) and 2500 greylag geese Anser anser, most of which feed on 9000 ha of grassland. The financial impacts of estimated agricultural damage have risen greatly over the past 20 years due to increasing goose numbers and higher farming costs. Mechanisms implemented to resolve conflict over time are reviewed for their effectiveness...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215010/key-actions-towards-the-sustainable-management-of-european-geese
#4
David A Stroud, Jesper Madsen, Anthony D Fox
Increasing abundance of geese in North America and Europe constitutes a major conservation success, but has caused increasing conflicts with economic, health and safety interests, as well as ecosystem impacts. Potential conflict resolution through a single, 'one size fits all' policy is hindered by differences in species' ecology, behaviour, abundance and population status, and in contrasting political and socio-economic environments across the flyways. Effective goose management requires coordinated application of a suite of tools from the local level to strategic flyway management actions...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212063/conflict-resolution-styles-as-mediators-of-female-child-sexual-abuse-experience-and-heterosexual-couple-relationship-satisfaction-and-stability-in-adulthood
#5
Ashlee E Knapp, Darin J Knapp, Cameron C Brown, Jeffry H Larson
Trauma from female incestuous child sexual abuse may result in negative psychological consequences affecting adult relationships. This study explored relational consequences of incestuous child sexual abuse, focusing on conflict resolution styles, relationship satisfaction, and relationship stability. Using the RELATionship Evaluation dataset, 457 heterosexual couples in which female partners experienced incestuous child sexual abuse were compared to a group of 1,827 couples with no sexual abuse history. Analyses tested differences in the frequencies of reported conflict resolution styles for incestuous child sexual abuse and non-incestuous child sexual abuse groups, the mediating effects of conflict resolution styles on the relationship between incestuous child sexual abuse, and self- and partner-reported relationship satisfaction and stability...
January 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207496/recent-advances-in-the-pathogenesis-prediction-and-management-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#6
Cheilonda Johnson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of recently published articles covering interstitial lung disease associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA-ILD). RECENT FINDINGS: Over the past year, many studies replicated previous findings in more diverse and occasionally larger populations internationally. Specifically, the association among cigarette smoking, high rheumatoid factor titer, elevated anticitrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) levels, and RA-ILD was strengthened...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198140/u-s-reserve-soldiers-combat-exposure-and-intimate-partner-violence-not-more-common-but-it-is-more-violent
#7
Sarah Cercone Heavey, D Lynn Homish, Erin Anderson Goodell, Gregory G Homish
Combat exposure's influence on intimate partner violence (IPV) in reserve soldiers is not well understood. This work examines combat exposure's influence on IPV in U.S. Army Reserve/National Guard soldiers and partners. Data are from Operation: SAFETY, a longitudinal study of U.S. Army Reserve/National Guard soldiers and partners. Logistic regression models examined odds of sexual aggression, physical aggression, and physical injury with combat exposure, controlling for posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, marital satisfaction, and age...
February 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198067/verbal-spatial-iq-discrepancies-impact-brain-activation-associated-with-the-resolution-of-cognitive-conflict-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
Amy E Margolis, Katie S Davis, Lisa S Pao, Amy Lewis, Xiao Yang, Gregory Tau, Guihu Zhao, Zhishun Wang, Rachel Marsh
Verbal-spatial discrepancies are common in healthy individuals and in those with neurodevelopmental disorders associated with cognitive control deficits including: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Non-Verbal Learning Disability, Fragile X, 22q11 deletion, and Turner Syndrome. Previous data from healthy individuals suggest that the magnitude of the difference between verbal IQ (VIQ) and performance IQ (PIQ) scores (the VIQ>PIQ discrepancy) is associated with reduced thickness in frontal and parietal cortices (inferior frontal, anterior cingulate, inferior parietal lobule, and supramarginal gyrus) that support cognitive control...
February 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195005/current-evidence-for-ampk-activation-involvement-on-resveratrol-induced-neuroprotection-in-cerebral-ischemia
#9
Narayana Pineda-Ramírez, Germán Fernando Gutiérrez Aguilar, Mónica Espinoza-Rojo, Penélope Aguilera
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral ischemia is a neurological condition in which energetics and oxidative stress are dysregulated. Resveratrol is a stilbene with potent pharmacological effects associated with its antioxidant properties. In the brain, resveratrol produces protective responses against ischemia, decreases infarct volume and improves neurological function. Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a cellular sensor that acts as a switch to initiate adaptive changes in response to fluctuations in energy metabolism...
February 14, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185589/synergies-strengths-and-challenges-findings-on-community-capability-from-a-systematic-health-systems-research-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Asha S George, Kerry Scott, Vrinda Mehra, Veena Sriram
BACKGROUND: Community capability is the combined influence of a community's social systems and collective resources that can address community problems and broaden community opportunities. We frame it as consisting of three domains that together support community empowerment: what communities have; how communities act; and for whom communities act. We sought to further understand these domains through a secondary analysis of a previous systematic review on community participation in health systems interventions in low and middle income countries (LMICs)...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176251/conflict-and-resolution
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168028/sex-specific-responses-to-territorial-intrusions-in-a-communication-network-evidence-from-radio-tagged-great-tits
#12
Lysanne Snijders, Kees van Oers, Marc Naguib
Signals play a key role in the ecology and evolution of animal populations, influencing processes such as sexual selection and conflict resolution. In many species, sexually selected signals have a dual function: attracting mates and repelling rivals. Yet, to what extent males and females under natural conditions differentially respond to such signals remains poorly understood, due to a lack of field studies that simultaneously track both sexes. Using a novel spatial tracking system, we tested whether or not the spatial behavior of male and female great tits (Parus major) changes in relation to the vocal response of a territorial male neighbor to an intruder...
February 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166865/generation-of-shape-complexity-through-tissue-conflict-resolution
#13
Alexandra B Rebocho, Paul Southam, J Richard Kennaway, J Andrew Bangham, Enrico Coen
Out-of-plane tissue deformations are key morphogenetic events during plant and animal development that generate 3D shapes, such as flowers or limbs. However, the mechanisms by which spatiotemporal patterns of gene expression modify cellular behaviours to generate such deformations remain to be established. We use the Snapdragon flower as a model system to address this problem. Combining cellular analysis with tissue-level modelling, we show that an orthogonal pattern of growth orientations plays a key role in generating out-of-plane deformations...
February 7, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162806/a-neural-circuit-for-auditory-dominance-over-visual-perception
#14
You-Hyang Song, Jae-Hyun Kim, Hye-Won Jeong, Ilsong Choi, Daun Jeong, Kwansoo Kim, Seung-Hee Lee
When conflicts occur during integration of visual and auditory information, one modality often dominates the other, but the underlying neural circuit mechanism remains unclear. Using auditory-visual discrimination tasks for head-fixed mice, we found that audition dominates vision in a process mediated by interaction between inputs from the primary visual (VC) and auditory (AC) cortices in the posterior parietal cortex (PTLp). Co-activation of the VC and AC suppresses VC-induced PTLp responses, leaving AC-induced responses...
January 27, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157903/design-and-modeling-of-three-dimensional-laser-imaging-system-based-on-streak-tube
#15
Wenze Xia, Shaokun Han, Naeem Ullah, Jingya Cao, Liang Wang, Jie Cao, Yang Cheng, Haoyong Yu
In the streak tube laser imaging system, there are two conflicts: the first is between high spatial resolution and wide field of view (FOV). The second is between high temporal resolution and deep depth of field (DOF). In this paper, a new non-scanning streak tube laser imaging system is presented. A microlens array with three different apertures is used to non-uniformly collect data from the image plane so the conflict between high spatial resolution and wide FOV is relieved and the detectable range of system is also increased...
January 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154559/molecular-systematics-of-the-genus-acidithiobacillus-insights-into-the-phylogenetic-structure-and-diversification-of-the-taxon
#16
Harold Nuñez, Ana Moya-Beltrán, Paulo C Covarrubias, Francisco Issotta, Juan Pablo Cárdenas, Mónica González, Joaquín Atavales, Lillian G Acuña, D Barrie Johnson, Raquel Quatrini
The acidithiobacilli are sulfur-oxidizing acidophilic bacteria that thrive in both natural and anthropogenic low pH environments. They contribute to processes that lead to the generation of acid rock drainage in several different geoclimatic contexts, and their properties have long been harnessed for the biotechnological processing of minerals. Presently, the genus is composed of seven validated species, described between 1922 and 2015: Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans, A. ferrooxidans, A. albertensis, A. caldus, A...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152819/electronic-operative-reports-to-support-quality-improvement-and-patient-centered-care
#17
Elaine Maloney, Mary Agent-Katwala, Geoff Porter
: 95 Background: Operative reports (OP) for cancer surgery are usually narrated, although they provide inconsistent and incomplete information for patient care. National standards for cancer OP were unavailable until 2007. Over 10 years, surgeons in four Canadian provinces have transitioned from narrative to electronic synoptic reporting (ESP) for specific cancers. The electronic OP are now considered a patient medical record and integral to subsequent patient care. Surgeons are using electronic reports for quality assurance, billing, medical-legal conflict resolution and research...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137968/two-independent-frontal-midline-theta-oscillations-during-conflict-detection-and-adaptation-in-a-simon-type-manual-reaching-task
#18
Thomas Töllner, Yijun Wang, Scott Makeig, Hermann J Müller, Tzyy-Ping Jung, Klaus Gramann
: One of the most firmly established factors determining the speed of human behavioral responses towards action-critical stimuli is the spatial correspondence between the stimulus and response locations. If both locations match, the time taken for response production is markedly reduced relative to when they mismatch-a phenomenon called Simon effect. While there is a consensus that this stimulus-response (S-R) conflict is associated with brief (4-7 Hz) frontal midline theta (fmθ) complexes generated in medial frontal cortex (MFC), it remains controversial (i) whether there are multiple, simultaneously active theta generator areas in the MFC that commonly give rise to conflict-related fmθ complexes; and if so, (ii) whether they are all related to the resolution of conflicting task information...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135342/genotyping-by-sequencing-in-a-species-complex-of-australian-hummock-grasses-triodia-methodological-insights-and-phylogenetic-resolution
#19
Benjamin M Anderson, Kevin R Thiele, Siegfried L Krauss, Matthew D Barrett
Next-generation sequencing is becoming increasingly accessible to researchers asking biosystematic questions, but current best practice in both choosing a specific approach and effectively analysing the resulting data set is still being explored. We present a case study for the use of genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) to resolve relationships in a species complex of Australian arid and semi-arid grasses (Triodia R.Br.), highlighting our solutions to methodological challenges in the use of GBS data. We merged overlapping paired-end reads then optimised locus assembly in the program PyRAD to generate GBS data sets for phylogenetic and distance-based analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132555/conflict-management-importance-and-implications
#20
Laurie McKibben
Conflict is a consistent and unavoidable issue within healthcare teams. Despite training of nurse leaders and managers around areas of conflict resolution, the problem of staff relations, stress, sickness and retention remain. Conflict arises from issues with interpersonal relationships, change and poor leadership. New members of staff entering an already established healthcare team should be supported and integrated, to encourage mutual role respect between all team members and establish positive working relationships, in order to maximise patient care...
January 26, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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