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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039547/frequency-and-distribution-of-cd4-cxcr5-follicular-b-helper-t%C3%A2-cells-within-involved-tissues-in-igg4%C3%A2-related-ophthalmic-disease
#1
Huimin Yang, Ruili Wei, Qiang Liu, Yongheng Shi, Jin Li
Immonoglobulin G4‑related ophthalmic disease (IgG4‑ROD) is a IgG4‑RD and exhibits two main characteristics: Fibrosis that is not necessarily marked histopathologically; and frequent formation of germinal centers (GCs). Follicular B helper T (Tfh) cells are now recognized as the true helper cells for B cells in antibody responses. In the present study, the profile and distribution of Tfh cells in involved tissues from patients with IgG4‑ROD was compared to those of type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and patients with IgG4‑related lymphadenopathy (IgG4‑RL)...
October 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038115/the-common-cytokine-receptor-%C3%AE-chain-family-of-cytokines
#2
Jian-Xin Lin, Warren J Leonard
Interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, IL-15, and IL-21 form a family of cytokines based on their sharing the common cytokine receptor γ chain (γc), which was originally discovered as the third receptor component of the IL-2 receptor, IL-2Rγ. The IL2RG gene is located on the X chromosome and is mutated in humans with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (XSCID). The breadth of the defects in XSCID could not be explained solely by defects in IL-2 signaling, and it is now clear that γc is a shared receptor component of the six cytokines noted above, making XSCID a disease of defective cytokine signaling...
October 16, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025273/higher-frequencies-of-circulating-icos-il-21-t-follicular-helper-cells-and-plasma-cells-in-patients-with-new-onset-membranous-nephropathy
#3
Zhihui Zhang, Yunpeng Shi, Kunmeng Yang, Rebecca Crew, Haifeng Wang, Yanfang Jiang
BACKGROUND: T follicular helper (TFH) cells and B cells are known to regulate humoral immune responses. This study is aimed at examining the putative contribution of different subsets of circulating of TFH cells and B cells to membranous nephropathy (MN). METHODS: A total of 45 MN patients and 19 healthy controls (HCs) were examined for the number of TFH cells and B cells by flow cytometry. The level of 24-h urinary protein and eGFR were calculated, and the level of serum cytokines was examined...
October 13, 2017: Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023759/cord-blood-derived-t-cells-allow-the-generation-of-a-more-na%C3%A3-ve-tumor-reactive-cytotoxic-t-cell-phenotype
#4
Julian Kwoczek, Sebastian B Riese, Sabine Tischer, Szilvia Bak, Julia Lahrberg, Mathias Oelke, Holger Maul, Rainer Blasczyk, Martin Sauer, Britta Eiz-Vesper
BACKGROUND: Transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from peripheral blood (PB) or cord blood (CB) is well established. HSCs from CB are associated with a lower risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), but antigen-independent expanded CB- and PB-derived T cells can induce GVHD in allo-HSC recipients. CB-derived cells might be more suitable for adoptive immunotherapy as they have unique T-cell characteristics. Here, we describe functional differences between CB and PB T cells stimulated with different cytokine combinations involved in central T-cell activation...
October 11, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019047/autoantibodies-against-interleukin-21-correlate-with-disease-activity-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Rui Xing, Lin Sun, Dong Wu, Yinji Jin, Changhong Li, Xiangyuan Liu, Jinxia Zhao
The objective of this study is to investigate the levels of interleukin (IL)-21 and autoantibodies (AAbs) against IL-21 and their association with clinical characteristics and laboratory parameters in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). One hundred twenty-six patients with RA, 69 patients with osteoarthritis (OA), and 88 healthy controls (HC) were included in this study. The levels of IL-21 and AAbs against IL-21 in the serum were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The correlation between the levels of IL-21 and anti-IL-21 AAbs with clinical and laboratory parameters was evaluated...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985621/circulating-cd4-cxcr5-t-cells-contribute-to-proinflammatory-responses-in-multiple-ways-in-coronary-artery-disease
#6
Ru Ding, Wenwu Gao, Zhiqing He, Feng Wu, Yang Chu, Jie Wu, Lan Ma, Chun Liang
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a common subtype of cardiovascular disease. The major contributing event is atherosclerosis, which is a progressive inflammatory condition resulting in the thickening of the arterial wall and the formation of atheromatous plaques. Recent evidence suggests that circulating CD4(+)CXCR5(+) T cells can contribute to inflammatory reactions. In this study, the frequency, phenotype, and function of circulating CD4(+)CXCR5(+) T cells in CAD patients were examined. Data showed that circulating CD4(+)CXCR5(+) T cells in CAD patients were enriched with a PD-1(+)CCR7(-) subset, which was previously identified as the most potent in B cell help...
October 3, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981818/a-prospective-study-of-immune-and-inflammation-markers-and-risk-of-lung-cancer-among-female-never-smokers-in-shanghai
#7
Meredith S Shiels, Xiao-Ou Shu, Anil K Chaturvedi, Yu-Tang Gao, Yong-Bing Xiang, Qiuyin Cai, Wei Hu, Gloriana Shelton, Bu-Tian Ji, Ligia A Pinto, Troy J Kemp, Nathaniel Rothman, Wei Zheng, Allan Hildesheim, Qing Lan
There is a paucity of data on risk factors for lung cancer among never smokers. Here, we have carried out the first large study of circulating inflammation markers and lung cancer risk among female never smokers in Shanghai. A study of 248 lung cancer cases in female never smokers and 263 controls was nested within the Shanghai Women's Health Study (n = 75221), matched by dates of birth and blood collection (mean follow-up time = 7.5 years). Prediagnostic plasma levels of 65 inflammation markers were measured using a Luminex bead-based assay...
July 22, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979672/engrafted-peripheral-blood-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-promote-locomotive-recovery-in-adult-rats-after-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Qiang Fu, Yi Liu, Xiu Liu, Qian Zhang, Long Chen, Jiachen Peng, Jun Ao, Yuwan Li, Shengmin Wang, Gongyu Song, Limei Yu, Jinwei Liu, Tao Zhang
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a severe trauma of central nervous system (CNS). Numerous stem cells have been applied for SCI therapy. Peripheral blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PBMSCs) have captured researchers' attention by virtue of pluripotency and effectiveness. However, little work has been performed on whether PBMSCs play roles and what role, if any, in the lesion microenvironment. Through the investigation of the differentiation, neuroprotection and immunoloregulation of engrafted PBMSCs, we found that the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) was inhibited...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978474/precocious-interleukin-21-expression-in-naive-mice-identifies-a-natural-helper-cell-population-in-autoimmune-disease
#9
Elisabeth A Marnik, Xulong Wang, Thomas J Sproule, Giljun Park, Gregory J Christianson, Sarah Kate Lane-Reticker, Shweta Jain, Theodore Duffy, Hongsheng Wang, Gregory W Carter, Herbert C Morse, Derry C Roopenian
Interleukin 21 (IL-21) plays key roles in humoral immunity and autoimmune diseases. It is known to function in mature CD4(+) T follicular B cell helper (TFH) cells, but its potential involvement in early T cell ontogeny is unclear. Here, we find that a significant population of newly activated thymic and peripheral CD4(+) T cells functionally expresses IL-21 soon after birth. This naturally occurring population, termed natural (n)TH21 cells, exhibits considerable similarity to mature TFH cells. nTH21 cells originating and activated in the thymus are strictly dependent on autoimmune regulator (AIRE) and express high levels of NUR77, consistent with a bias toward self-reactivity...
October 3, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974433/impact-of-immunosuppressive-drugs-on-circulating-tfh-cells-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-pilot-study
#10
Ya Mei Li, Yi Li, Yun Ying Shi, Lin Yan, Xiao Juan Wu, Jiang Tao Tang, Yang Juan Bai, Lan Lan Wang
BACKGROUND: T follicular helper cells (Tfh) are recently revealed to be vital in antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). However, the impact of immunosuppressive drugs on Tfh cells is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the variation of Tfh cells phenotypically and functionally in KTRs treated with different immunosuppression regimens. METHODS: We recruited 26 KTRs treated with tacrolimus (TAC) -based regimen, 13 with sirolimus (SRL) -based regimen and 10 healthy controls (HC) in this study...
September 30, 2017: Transplant Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969940/immune-response-of-th17-associated-cytokines-by-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#11
Milena S Cabral, Taciana P S Santos, Priscila L Santos, Maria Isabel Schinoni, Isabela S Oliveira, Ariana B Pereira, Ajax M Atta, Maria Luiza B Sousa-Atta
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) chronic infection causes severe cellular immune dysfunction. Here, we investigated the production of Th17-associated cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of untreated patients with HCV, patients presenting an early virologic response (EVR) after 12weeks of treatment with interferon-α plus ribavirin with or without HCV protease inhibitors, and patients who were nonresponders to HCV therapy. PBMCs were stimulated with HCV core and nonstructural antigens, and the production of Th17-associated cytokines was measured with a Milliplex MAP immunoassay...
September 29, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969616/assessment-of-biomarkers-using-multiplex-assays-in-aqueous-humor-of-patients-with-diabetic-retinopathy
#12
Hui Chen, Xiongze Zhang, Nanying Liao, Feng Wen
BACKGROUND: With the high prevalence of type 2 diabetes, diabetic retinopathy (DR) has become a leading health problem worldwide. The pathogenesis of DR is complex and several vascular, inflammatory, and neuronal mechanisms are involved. The purpose of this study was to assess the levels of immune and inflammatory biomarkers in the aqueous humor of patients with different severities of DR and to analyze the correlations between Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and these biomarkers, and between IL-6 and the severity of the disease...
October 2, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954091/beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-review-with-emphasis-on-dermatological-aspects
#13
REVIEW
Maria Antonieta Rios Scherrer, Vanessa Barreto Rocha, Lucas Campos Garcia
Behçet's disease is a systemic vasculitis characterized by attacks of acute inflammation, which can affect almost every vascularized area of the body. There is a close correlation between the geographical distribution of HLA-B51 and its prevalence. In the etiopathogenesis there are indications of genetic susceptibility associated with environmental influence. Among the involved genes are those that encompass innate and adaptive immunities. Polymorphisms and epistatic interactions in several genes are described, as well as the presence of imbalance lineage between HLA-B51 and A (MICA)...
July 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938619/anti-cancer-efficacy-of-biotinylated-chitosan-nanoparticles-in-liver-cancer
#14
Mingrong Cheng, Weiping Zhu, Qing Li, Dejian Dai, Yiming Hou
The present study investigated the synthesis of biotinylated chitosan (Bio-CS) from chitosan using a nanomaterial skeleton with biotin and the successful targeting of the formulation in liver cancer cells. Bio-CS was validated by fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy and hydrogen(-1) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Bio-CS and plasmid DNA were used to construct Bio-CS/plasmid DNA nanoparticles according to the optimal molar ratio of 1:1 and the optimal pH-value of 5.5. Under these conditions, the parameters mean particle size, potential, encapsulation rate and drug loading, were 82...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935250/engineered-cells-for-costimulatory-enhancement-combined-with-il-21-enhance-the-generation-of-pd-1-disrupted-ctls-for-adoptive-immunotherapy
#15
Jie Shao, Qiuping Xu, Shu Su, Fanyan Meng, Zhengyun Zou, Fangjun Chen, Juan Du, Xiaoping Qian, Baorui Liu
Blockade of the immune cell checkpoint inhibitors programmed death 1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) has become a powerful tool in cancer treatment, which is effective across various solid cancer types and hematologic malignancies. Our previous studies showed that by reducing immune tolerance, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-associated protein 9 (CRISPR-Cas9) modified cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) rank highly in terms of immune responses and cytotoxicity. In this study, a genetically modified K562 cell line with surface expression of 4-1BBL was developed to expand PD-1-disrupted CTLs in vitro for further adoptive immunotherapy against cancer...
September 7, 2017: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923237/signals-that-drive-t-bet-expression-in-b-cells
#16
Arpita Myles, Patricia J Gearhart, Michael P Cancro
Transcription factors regulate various developmental and functional aspects of B cells. T-bet is a recently appreciated transcription factor associated with "Age-associated B cells" or ABCs, the development of autoimmunity, and viral infections. T-bet expression is favored by nucleic acid-containing antigens and immune complexes and is regulated by interplay between various cytokines, notably, the TFH cytokines IL-21, IL-4 and IFNγ. Adaptive signals by themselves cannot upregulate T-bet; however, they have a synergistic effect on induction of T-bet by innate receptors...
September 11, 2017: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919994/effect-of-entinostat-on-nk-cell-mediated-cytotoxicity-against-osteosarcoma-cells-and-osteosarcoma-lung-metastasis
#17
Simin Kiany, Gangxiong Huang, Eugenie S Kleinerman
There is a crucial need for a new therapeutic approach for osteosarcoma (OS) lung metastasis since this disease remains the main cause of mortality in OS. We previously demonstrated that natural killer (NK) cell therapy has minimal efficacy against OS metastasis. This study determined whether the histone deacetylase inhibitor entinostat could immunosensitize OS cells to NK cell lysis and increases the efficacy of NK cell therapy for OS lung metastasis. Entinostat upregulated ligands for NK cell-activating receptors (major histocompatibility complex [MHC] class I polypeptide-related chain A [MICA] and B [MICB]; UL16 binding proteins 1, 2, 5, and 6; and CD155) on OS cells both in vitro and in vivo and led to more susceptibility to NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity in vitro...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918288/th9-cells-promote-antitumor-immunity-via-il-9-and-il-21-and-demonstrate-atypical-cytokine-expression-in-breast-cancer
#18
Fa-Ping You, Jian Zhang, Tao Cui, Rui Zhu, Chong-Qing Lv, Hai-Tao Tang, Di-Wen Sun
Breast cancer is a major cause of cancer-related death in women. Antitumor T cell responses play critical therapeutic roles, including direct cytotoxicity mediated by CD8(+) T cells and immunomodulatory roles mediated by CD4(+) T cells. The IL-9-expressing Th9 cells are recently found to present antitumor immunity in melanoma and lung adenocarcinoma. In this study, we found that IL-9 expression in the serum and in circulating CD4(+) T cells were significantly upregulated in breast cancer patients compared to healthy controls...
November 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915062/a-recombinant-fragment-of-human-surfactant-protein-d-suppresses-basophil-activation-th2-and-b-cell-responses-in-grass-pollen-induced-allergic-inflammation
#19
Asif S Qaseem, Iesha Singh, Ansar A Pathan, Janice A Layhadi, Rebecca Parkin, Fedina Alexandra, Stephen R Durham, Uday Kishore, Mohamed H Shamji
RATIONALE: rfhSP-D has been shown to suppress house dust mite and Aspergillus fumigatus-induced allergic inflammation in murine models. OBJECTIVES: We sought to elucidate the effect of rfhSP-D on FcεRI and CD23-mediated grass pollen induced allergic inflammatory responses. METHODS: rfhSP-D, containing homotrimeric neck and lectin domains, was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (λDE3) pLysS. PBMCs and sera were obtained from grass pollen allergic individuals (n=27)...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904691/il-21-augments-rapamycin-in-expansion-of-alpha-fetoprotein-antigen-specific-stem-cell-like-memory-t-cells-in-vitro
#20
Victor Tunje Jeza, Xiaoyi Li, Jun Chen, Zhihui Liang, Adem Onago Aggrey, Xiongwen Wu
INTRODUCTION: Alloreactive tumor specific T cells are important arsenals of the adaptive immune system in the fight against tumors. However, stem cell-like memory T cells (Tscm) provide the key to effective elimination of tumor cells. Methods for generating these T cell subsets already exist. However, they could be made more efficient. Further, they are expensive and unattainable to the resource poor laboratories. In this regard, we are hereby describing a novel in vitro allogeneic co-culture method for raising allo-restricted tumor specific Tscm cells that we developed...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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