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Artemisia dracunculus L

Jun Wang, Adelaida Esteban Fernández, Simoni Tiano, Jing Huang, Elizabeth Floyd, Alexander Poulev, David Ribnicky, Giulio M Pasinetti
Stress-induced peripheral inflammation contributes to depression-like behaviors in both human and experimental models. PMI 5011, a botanical extract of Artemisia dracunculus L., was previously shown to have multiple bioactivities, including anti-inflammatory activity. In this work, using a repeated social defeat stress (RSDS) model of depression, we demonstrate that oral administration of the botanical extract PMI 5011 promotes resilience to RSDS-mediated depression-like phenotypes. We also show that the behavioral improvements are associated with attenuation of stress-mediated induction of inflammatory cytokines in the periphery and alteration of synaptic plasticity in the nucleus accumbens (NAc)...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Yongmei Yu, Tamra M Mendoza, David M Ribnicky, Alexander Poulev, Robert C Noland, Randall L Mynatt, Ilya Raskin, William T Cefalu, Z Elizabeth Floyd
SCOPE: The primary disorder underlying metabolic syndrome is insulin resistance due to excess body weight and abdominal visceral fat accumulation. In this study, it is asked if dietary intake of an ethanolic extract from Russian tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus L., termed PMI5011), shown to improve glucose utilization by enhancing insulin signaling in skeletal muscle, could prevent obesity-induced insulin resistance, skeletal muscle metabolic inflexibility, and ectopic lipid accumulation in the skeletal muscle and liver...
April 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Bahareh Ghasemidehkordi, Ali Akbar Malekirad, Habibollah Nazem, Mohammad Fazilati, Hossein Salavati, Nabi Shariatifar, Mohammad Rezaei, Yadolah Fakhri, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah
The current study was undertaken to determine the concentration of Hg and Pb in ten types of collected green leafy vegetables and herbs from different agricultural sites of Markazi province, Iran as well as the gathered water and soil around them using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Also, the potential health risk assessment by using target hazard quotient (THQ) and hazard index (HI) parameters was estimated. Based on the accumulation order, Artemisia dracunculus L with 56...
March 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Reza Rezaei, Khosrow Hazrati Tappeh, Shahram Seyyedi, Peyman Mikaili
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease that appears with a range of symptoms including cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral leishmaniasis. The present study sought to determine the antileishmanial effect of the extract of Artemisia dracunculus (Tarragon) compared to control treatment with pentavalent antimony (meglumine). METHODS: This experimental study was performed in 2014-2015. A. dracunculus were collected from West Azerbaijan Province, Iran and dried; then the ethanolic extract of the plant was prepared...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Maryla Szczepanik, Maciej Walczak, Beata Zawitowska, Marta Michalska-Sionkowska, Antoni Szumny, Czesław Wawrzeńczyk, Maria Swiontek Brzezinska
BACKGROUND: Essential oils (EOs) from Artemisia dracunculus L. and Origanum vulgare L. ssp. hirtum were obtained and the qualitative and quantitative chemical composition of the extracts was investigated. The insecticidal activity of EOs against the larval stages of Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer) was studied. Moreover, the antimicrobial activity of these oils against pathogens transmitted by this pest was also investigated. RESULTS: The obtained results indicate the possibility of using Greek oregano EO with a high content of carvacrol as a feed additive in poultry nutrition...
January 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Stefano Bedini, Guido Flamini, Francesca Cosci, Roberta Ascrizzi, Maria Cristina Echeverria, Lucia Guidi, Marco Landi, Andrea Lucchi, Barbara Conti
BACKGROUND: Synanthropic flies play a considerable role in the transmission of pathogenic and non-pathogenic microorganisms. In this work, the essential oil (EO) of two aromatic plants, Artemisia annua and Artemisia dracunculus, were evaluated for their abilities to control the blowfly Calliphora vomitoria. Artemisia annua and A. dracunculus EOs were extracted, analysed and tested in laboratory bioassays. Besides, the physiology of EOs toxicity and the EOs antibacterial and antifungal properties were evaluated...
February 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
B Dursunoğlu, H Yuca, S Gözcü, H Özbek, Z Güvenalp, L Ö Demirezer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
Farzaneh Mirzaei, Ali Fattahi Bafghi, Mohammad Ali Mohaghegh, Hossein Zarei Jaliani, Roghiyeh Faridnia, Hamed Kalani
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is one of the important skin diseases with diverse clinical manifestations. With an incidence of 0.7-1.3 million cases annually, this disease is often reported from six countries, including Iran. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the anti-leishmanial effect of the three plant hydroalcoholic extracts including fleawort ( Plantago psyllium L.), savory ( Satureja hortensis L.) and tarragon ( Artemisia dracunculus L.) on Leishmania major promastigotes. The hydroalcoholic extract from each plant was extracted and its anti-leishmanial effect was evaluated in different concentrations (100-1000 µg/ml) and at various hours (24, 48 and 72 h)...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Geyu Liu, Huixia Ning, Nurbolati Ayidaerhan, Haji Akber Aisa
Because of the very similar morphologies and wide diversity of Artemisia L. varieties, they are difficult to identify, and there have been many arguments about the systematic classification Artemisia L., especially concerning the division of species. DNA barcode technology is used to rapidly identify species based on standard short DNA sequences. To evaluate seven candidate DNA barcodes (ITS, ITS2, psbA-trnH, rbcL, matK, rpoB, and rpoC1) regarding their ability to identify closely related species of the Artemisia genus in Xinjiang...
November 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Miriam Méndez-Del Villar, Ana M Puebla-Pérez, María J Sánchez-Peña, Luis J González-Ortiz, Esperanza Martínez-Abundis, Manuel González-Ortiz
To evaluate the effect of Artemisia dracunculus on glycemic control, insulin sensitivity, and insulin secretion in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed in 24 patients with diagnosis of IGT. Before and after the intervention, glucose and insulin levels were measured every 30 min for 2 h after a 75-g dextrose load, along with glycated hemoglobin A1c (A1C) and lipid profile. Twelve patients received A. dracunculus (1000 mg) before breakfast and dinner for 90 days; the remaining 12 patients received placebo...
May 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
Daniele Fraternale, Guido Flamini, Donata Ricci
The chemical composition of an Italian oil of tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus L.) was analyzed by GC/EIMS. The major compound of the oil was estragole (73.3%), followed by limonene (5.4%), (E)-β-ocimene (5.3%), β-pinene (3.4%) and (Z)-β-ocimene (3.0%). The essential oil was tested "in vitro" for its antigermination activity against Raphanus sativus L., Lepidium sativum L, Papaver rhoeas L. and Avena fatua L. seeds and demonstrating a good inhibitory activity in a dose-dependent way.
August 2015: Natural Product Communications
Shahraki Mohammad Reza, Mirshekari Hamideh, Samadi Zahra
Aim & Objective. Artemisia dracunculus L. (Tarragon) species have been used as a traditional medicine. The present study was designed to evaluate the nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of A. dracunculus L. leaf aqueous extract on fructose drinking water (FDW) in male rats. Materials & Methods. Forty-eight Wistar-albino male rats weighing 200-250 g were divided into control (C), control extract (CE), FDW, and FDWE groups (n = 12). Group C did not receive any agents; Group CE did 100 mg/kg A. dracunculus L...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Akram Eidi, Shahrbanoo Oryan, Jalal Zaringhalam, Mitra Rad
CONTEXT: Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus L., Asteraceae) is an ancient herb, which is widely used as a medicine, flavoring, or fragrance. OBJECTIVE: To determine the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of aerial parts of tarragon, we investigated the effects of ethanolic extract of the plant in adult male Balb/c mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antinociceptive activity was determined using formalin, hot-plate, and writhing tests. The effect of the ethanolic extract on acute inflammation was evaluated by xylene-induced ear edema in mice...
2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Kemal Durić, Elvira E Kovac Besovic, Haris Niksic, Samija Muratovic, Emin Sofic
Platelet hyperactivity and platelet interaction with endothelial cells contribute to the development and progression of many cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and thrombosis. The impact of platelet activity with different pharmacological agents, such as acetylsalicylic acid and coumarin derivatives, has been shown to be effective in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Artemisia dracunculus, L. Asteraceae (Tarragon) is used for centuries in the daily diet in many Middle Eastern countries, and it is well known for its anticoagulant activity...
2015: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Sita Aggarwal, Giri Shailendra, David M Ribnicky, David Burk, Namrata Karki, M S Qingxia Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Artemisia dracunculus L. (Russian tarragon) is a perennial herb belonging to the family Compositae and has a history of medicinal use in humans, particularly for treatment of diabetes. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study a defined plant extract from A. dracunculus L. (termed PMI-5011) is used to improve beta(β) cells function and maintain β cell number in pancreatic islets as an alternative drug approach for successful treatment of diabetes...
July 21, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ali Karimi, Javad Hadian, Mohsen Farzaneh, Abdollah Khadivi-Khub
Artemisia dracunculus L. (tarragon), a small shrubby perennial herb, is cultivated for the use of its aromatic leaves in seasoning, salads, etc., and in the preparation of tarragon vinegar. In the present work, genetic analysis of 29 cultivated individuals of this species was carried out employing 12 ISSR and 11 SRAP markers. A total of 59 (71.64%) and 79 (83.14%) polymorphic bands were detected by 12 ISSR primers and 11 SRAP primer pairs, respectively. High similarity for patterns of genetic diversity and clustering of individuals was observed using two ISSR and SRAP marker systems and combined data...
January 10, 2015: Gene
Katie M Vance, David M Ribnicky, Richard C Rogers, Gerlinda E Hermann
Artemisia extracts have been used as remedies for a variety of maladies related to metabolic and gastrointestinal control. Because the vagal afferent-nucleus of the solitary tract (NST) synapse regulates the same homeostatic functions affected by Artemisia, it is possible that these extracts may have activity at the synaptic level in the NST. Therefore, we evaluated how extracts of three common medicinal Artemisia species, Artemisia santolinifolia (SANT), Artemisia scoparia (SCO), and Artemisia dracunculus L (PMI-5011), modulate the excitability of the glutamatergic vagal afferent-NST synapse...
October 17, 2014: Neuroscience Letters
L Hong, S-h Ying
The objective of the present study was to examine the antitumor efficacy of the ethanol extract from Artemisia dracunculus as well as the compounds isolated from it on cultured EC‑109 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells. Apoptotic activities of the compounds were also studied using flow cytometry. EC‑109 esophageal cancer cells were treated with varying concentrations of compounds 1-7 isolated from the plant as well as the ethanol extract of Artemisia dracunculus. The cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT assay and the apoptotic studies of the compounds were determined using flow-cytometry...
February 2015: Drug Research
Diana N Obanda, David M Ribnicky, Ilya Raskin, William T Cefalu
OBJECTIVE: An increase in ectopic lipids in peripheral tissues has been implicated in attenuating insulin action. The botanical extract of Artemisia dracunculus L. (PMI 5011) improves insulin action, yet the precise mechanism is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether the mechanism by which the bioactive compounds in PMI 5011 improve insulin signaling is through regulation of ceramide metabolism. METHODS: L6 Myotubes were separately preincubated with 250 μM palmitic acid with or without PMI 5011 or four bioactive compounds isolated from PMI 5011 and postulated to be responsible for the effect...
July 2014: Nutrition
Indu Kheterpal, Peter Scherp, Lauren Kelley, Zhong Wang, William Johnson, David Ribnicky, William T Cefalu
OBJECTIVES: A botanical extract from Artemisia dracunculus L., termed PMI 5011, has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity by increasing cellular insulin signaling in in vitro and in vivo studies. These studies suggest that PMI 5011 effects changes in phosphorylation levels of proteins involved in insulin signaling. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of this promising botanical extract on the human skeletal muscle phosphoproteome, by evaluating changes in site-specific protein phosphorylation levels in primary skeletal muscle cultures from obese, insulin-resistant individuals stimulated with and without insulin...
July 2014: Nutrition
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