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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742757/concurrent-validity-and-responsiveness-of-promis-health-domains-among-patients-presenting-for-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery
#1
Taylor E Purvis, Elena Andreou, Brian J Neuman, Lee H Riley, Richard L Skolasky
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine validity and responsiveness of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) health domains. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PROMIS health domains (anxiety, depression, fatigue, pain, physical function, satisfaction with participation in social roles, sleep disturbance) may measure quality of care and determine minimal important differences (MIDs) after spine surgery...
July 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741875/depression-and-anxiety-among-emergency-department-patients-utilization-and-barriers-to-care
#2
Beau Abar, Ashley Holub, Joseph Lee, Vincent DeRienzo, Flavia Nobay
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression rates among ED patients are substantially higher than in the general population. Additionally, those with mental health issues often have difficulty accessing care. Unfortunately, issues of anxiety and depression are frequently not addressed in the ED due to competing care priorities. This may lead to increased burden and overcrowding in EDs. OBJECTIVE: This study related anxiety and depression with ED utilization and perceived barriers to care...
July 25, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741812/impact-of-binge-eating-disorder-on-functional-impairment-and-work-productivity-in-an-adult-community-sample-in-the-united-states
#3
Manjiri Pawaskar, Edward A Witt, Dylan Supina, Barry K Herman, Thomas A Wadden
AIM: This study compared functioning and productivity in individuals meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria for binge eating disorder (BED) to those without BED. METHODS: A sample of US adults from the National Health and Wellness Survey completed an Internet survey in October 2013. In addition to BED diagnostic criteria, the survey assessed functional impairment and productivity, respectively, using the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) questionnaire...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738869/maternal-depression-in-syrian-refugee-women-recently-moved-to-canada-a-preliminary-study
#4
Asma Ahmed, Angela Bowen, Cindy Xin Feng
BACKGROUND: Refugee women are almost five times more likely to develop postpartum depression than Canadian-born women. This can be attributed to various difficulties they faced before coming to Canada as well as during resettlement. Moreover, refugee women usually face many obstacles when accessing health services, including language and cultural barriers, as well as unique help-seeking behaviors that are influenced by various cultural and practical factors. There has been a recent, rapid influx of Syrian refugees to Canada, and many of them are childbearing women...
July 24, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738212/the-pattern-of-self-harm-in-fars-province-in-south-iran-a-population-based-study
#5
Saeid Gholamzadeh, Mozhghan Zahmatkeshan, Mohammad Zarenezhad, Elaheh Ghaffari, Sanaz Hoseni
Non-suicidal self-harm includes cutting, scratching, burning and minor overdosing. There have been few studies that have examined the rate and pattern of self-harm among different individuals of the society. We performed a population-based study to determine different aspects of non-suicidal self-harm in cases referred to legal medicine organization of Fars Province and south Iran. In a population-based longitudinal survey, we applied data from cases referred to legal medicine organization of Fars province...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737978/risk-of-violence-among-patients-in-psychiatric-treatment-results-from-a-national-census
#6
Solveig Osborg Ose, Solfrid Lilleeng, Ivar Pettersen, Torleif Ruud, Jaap van Weeghel
BACKGROUND: Adverse media coverage of isolated incidents affects the public perception of the risk of violent behavior among people with mental illness. However, the risk of violence is studied most frequently among inpatients, which falsely exaggerates the prevalence of people with mental illness because the majority of individuals receive treatment as outpatients. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of the risk of violence among inpatients and outpatients in psychiatric treatment, as well as the associations with gender, age, socio-economic status and co-morbid substance use disorders in all major diagnostic categories...
July 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737190/-validation-of-the-general-help-seeking-questionnaire-for-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#7
Cecilia Olivari, Mónica Guzmán-González
Help-seeking behavior is a protective factor in young people, essential for their mental health, well-being and development. However, some adolescents do not seek professional help when they need to. In this context, it is relevant to study the help-seeking behavior for mental health problems in adolescent population. OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate the general help-seeking questionnaire for mental health problems in Chilean adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Cross-sectional and correlational study of a non-random sample of 793 adolescent students, between 14 and 19 years old, from the city of Talca (Chile)...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736860/annual-research-review-dna-methylation-as-a-mediator-in-the-association-between-risk-exposure-and-child-and-adolescent-psychopathology
#8
REVIEW
Edward D Barker, Esther Walton, Charlotte A M Cecil
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation (DNAm) is a potential mechanism for propagating the effects of environmental exposures on child and adolescent mental health. In recent years, this field has experienced steady growth. METHODS: We provide a strategic review of the current child and adolescent literature to evaluate evidence for a mediating role of DNAm in the link between environmental risks and psychopathological outcomes, with a focus on internalising and externalising difficulties...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#9
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736535/mind-body-practice-changes-fractional-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuations-in-intrinsic-control-networks
#10
Gao-Xia Wei, Zhu-Qing Gong, Zhi Yang, Xi-Nian Zuo
Cognitive control impairment is a typical symptom largely reported in populations with neurological disorders. Previous studies have provided evidence about the changes in cognitive control induced by mind-body training. However, the neural correlates underlying the effect of extensive mind-body practice on cognitive control remain largely unknown. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, we characterized dynamic fluctuations in large-scale intrinsic connectivity networks associated with mind-body practice, and examined their differences between healthy controls and Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) practitioners...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736465/network-indicators-of-the-social-ecology-of-adolescents-in-relative-and-non-relative-foster-households
#11
Jennifer Blakeslee, Brianne H Kothari, Bowen McBeath, Paul Sorenson, Lew Bank
Though the presence, composition, and quality of social relationships-particularly as found in family networks-has an important influence on adolescent well-being, little is known about the social ecology of youth in foster care. This study examined the social networks of foster youth participating in a large RCT of an intervention for siblings in foster care. Youth reported on the people they lived with and the relatives they were in contact with, which provided indicators of network size, composition, and relationship quality...
February 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736455/using-kaizen-to-improve-employee-well-being-results-from-two-organizational-intervention-studies
#12
Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Karina M Nielsen, Terese Stenfors-Hayes, Henna Hasson
Participatory intervention approaches that are embedded in existing organizational structures may improve the efficiency and effectiveness of organizational interventions, but concrete tools are lacking. In the present article, we use a realist evaluation approach to explore the role of kaizen, a lean tool for participatory continuous improvement, in improving employee well-being in two cluster-randomized, controlled participatory intervention studies. Case 1 is from the Danish Postal Service, where kaizen boards were used to implement action plans...
August 2017: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736451/assessing-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-municipal-waste-loaders-of-mumbai-india
#13
Pradeep Salve, Praveen Chokhandre, Dhananjay Bansod
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the impact of municipal waste loading occupation upon developing musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and thereby disabilities among waste loaders. Additionally, the study has identified the potential risk factors raising MSDs and disabilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control design survey was conducted in 6 out of 24 municipal wards of Mumbai during March-September 2015. The study population consisted of municipal waste loaders (N = 180) and a control group (N = 180)...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735645/psychiatric-consultation-in-the-collaborative-care-model-the-bipolar-sieve-effect
#14
James R Phelps, James James
Around the world, psychiatrists are in exceptionally short supply. The majority of mental health treatment is delivered in primary care. In the United States, the Collaborative Care Model (CCM) addresses the shortfall of psychiatrists by providing indirect consultation in primary care. A Cochrane meta-analysis affirms the efficacy this model for depression and anxiety. However, our experience with the CCM suggests that most patients referred for consultation have problems far more complex than simple depression and anxiety...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735344/treatment-outcome-duration-and-costs-a-comparison-of-performance-indicators-using-data-from-eight-mental-health-care-providers-in-the-netherlands
#15
E de Beurs, E H Warmerdam, S C C Oudejans, M Spits, P Dingemanse, S D D de Graaf, I W de Groot, H Houben, W G E Kuyck, E O Noorthoorn, M A Nugter, S C C Robbers, G E van Son
Assessing performance of mental health services (MHS) providers merely by their outcomes is insufficient. Process factors, such as treatment cost or duration, should also be considered in a meaningful and thorough analysis of quality of care. The present study aims to examine various performance indicators based on treatment outcome and two process factors: duration and cost of treatment. Data of patients with depression or anxiety from eight Dutch MHS providers were used. Treatment outcome was operationalized as case mix corrected pre-to-posttreatment change scores and as reliable change (improved) and clinical significant change (recovered)...
July 22, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734239/stigma-resistance-and-its-association-with-internalised-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#16
Ying Wen Lau, Louisa Picco, Shirlene Pang, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Pratika Satghare, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
Studies have suggested that stigma resistance plays an important role in the recovery from mental illness. However, there has been limited research in Asian countries that has examined the benefits of stigma resistance among the mentally ill in Asian populations. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of stigma resistance and establish the socio-demographic correlates of stigma resistance, as well as its association with internalised stigma and psychosocial outcomes among a multi-ethnic population of 280 outpatients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia, depressive disorders and anxiety disorders in Singapore...
July 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734197/life-impact-of-caregiving-for-severe-childhood-epilepsy-results-of-expert-panels-and-caregiver-focus-groups
#17
Mark P Jensen, Kendra S Liljenquist, Fraser Bocell, Arnold R Gammaitoni, Carey R Aron, Bradley S Galer, Dagmar Amtmann
Severe epilepsy in children and young adults can significantly affect the lives of their caregivers. However, the lack of a reliable and valid measure of caregiver impact has limited our understanding of the scope and correlates of this impact, as well as our ability to measure the effects of treatments that could lessen it. The purpose of this study was to facilitate focus groups and interviews with an international group of clinician experts and caregivers to identify the most important domains that should be assessed in a measure of caregiver impact...
July 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733913/social-identity-continuity-and-mental-health-among-syrian-refugees-in-turkey
#18
Anouk Smeekes, Maykel Verkuyten, Elif Çelebi, Ceren Acartürk, Samed Onkun
PURPOSE: Building upon social psychological work on social identity and mental health, this study among Syrian refugees in Turkey examined the importance of multiple group memberships and identity continuity for mental health and well-being. METHOD: A survey study was conducted among the very difficult to reach population of Syrian refugees (N = 361). With path analysis in AMOS the associations were examined between multiple group memberships, social identity continuity and mental health and psychological well-being...
July 21, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733771/a-national-study-of-veterans-treatment-court-participants-who-benefits-and-who-recidivates
#19
Jack Tsai, Andrea Finlay, Bessie Flatley, Wesley J Kasprow, Sean Clark
Although there are now over 400 veterans treatment courts (VTCs) in the country, there have been few studies on participant outcomes in functional domains. Using national data on 7931 veterans in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Veterans Justice Outreach program across 115 VA sites who entered a VTC from 2011 to 2015, we examined the housing, employment, income, and criminal justice outcomes of VTC participants; and identified veteran characteristics predictive of outcomes. VTC participants spent an average of nearly a year in the program and 14% experienced a new incarceration...
July 21, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733726/enhancing-capacity-among-faith-based-organizations-to-implement-evidence-based-cancer-control-programs-a-community-engaged-approach
#20
Bryan Leyva, Jennifer D Allen, Hosffman Ospino, Laura S Tom, Rosalyn Negrón, Richard Buesa, Maria Idalí Torres
Evidence-based interventions (EBIs) to promote cancer control among Latinos have proliferated in recent years, though adoption and implementation of these interventions by faith-based organizations (FBOs) is limited. Capacity building may be one strategy to promote implementation. In this qualitative study, 18 community key informants were interviewed to (a) understand existing capacity for health programming among Catholic parishes, (b) characterize parishes' resource gaps and capacity-building needs implementing cancer control EBIs, and (c) elucidate strategies for delivering capacity-building assistance to parishes to facilitate implementation of EBIs...
July 21, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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