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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161456/integrated-care-with-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Melissa E Lewis, Laurelle L Myhra
INTRODUCTION: The integration of behavioral health into medical care is related to positive results including improved patient health outcomes, provider satisfaction, and cost-offset. Indigenous people suffer from the highest health disparities in the nation and disproportionately experience barriers to health care; yet it is unknown if integrated care is effective for this population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was completed on the state of integrated care at Indigenous-serving health care sites in 2014 and was updated in 2016...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161452/psychometric-examination-of-the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-with-older-american-indians-the-native-elder-care-study
#2
Marc Schure, R Turner Goins
Measuring mental health accurately is an important endeavor for screening purposes. Depression scales, such as the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale, have been well-established among different populations. Yet, little work has been done to examine the reliability and validity of the CES-D among older American Indians and Alaska Natives. The purpose of our study was to examine the factor structure, reliability, and concurrent validity of the full 20-item and abbreviated 12-item CES-D scale with a sample of older American Indians...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160737/community-singing-groups-for-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-participant-perspectives
#3
Ann Skingley, Stephen Clift, Sadie Hurley, Sonia Price, Lizzi Stephens
AIM: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health issue which is irreversible and progressive, but previous research suggests that singing may have beneficial effects. The aim of this study was to establish the views of participants with COPD taking part in a singing for better breathing programme. METHODS: This was a descriptive qualitative study nested within a single-cohort feasibility study which included measures of lung function and wellbeing...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160478/family-resilience-and-chemical-dependency-perception-of-mental-health-professionals
#4
Sonia Regina Zerbetto, Sueli Aparecida Frari Galera, Bianca Oliveira Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: To learn the perception of health professionals from the Psychosocial Attention Center for Alcohol and Other Drugs regarding the resilience attributes that are critical to family members of psychoactive substance dependents. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study conducted from February to May 2016, using a focus group technique for data collection. In total, 15 professionals participated in the study: 13 health professionals and two administrative professionals...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159822/everyday-police-work-during-mental-health-encounters-a-study-of-call-resolutions-in-chicago-and-their-implications-for-diversion
#5
Amy C Watson, Jennifer D Wood
In recent decades, there has been sustained focus on police responses to persons experiencing mental health crises. The Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) model has been a seminal effort to improve safety, reduce arrests and enhance the use of emergency psychiatric assessment. With CIT well established, new discussions have emerged around how to further enhance the police-public health interface, including diversion from hospital emergency departments. In this context, this article takes stock of current police practices, utilizing descriptive data on 428 mental health-related calls addressed by Chicago Police over 3 years triangulated with insights from 21 in-depth officer interviews...
November 20, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159756/patient-provider-communication-and-health-outcomes-among-individuals-with-hepato-pancreato-biliary-disease-in-the-usa
#6
Qinyu Chen, Eliza W Beal, Eric B Schneider, Victor Okunrintemi, Xu-Feng Zhang, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Patient-provider communication (PPC) is utilized as a value-based metric in pay-for-performance programs. We sought to evaluate the association of PPC with patient-reported health outcomes, as well as healthcare resource utilization among a nationally representative cohort of patients with hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) diagnoses. METHODS: Patients with HPB diseases were identified from the 2008-2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey cohort. A weighted PPC composite score was categorized using the responses from the CAHPS (Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems) survey as optimal, average, or poor...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159595/resilience-and-physical-and-mental-well-being-in-adults-with-and-without-hiv
#7
Jennifer A McGowan, James Brown, Fiona C Lampe, Marc Lipman, Colette Smith, Alison Rodger
Resilience has been related to improved physical and mental health, and is thought to improve with age. No studies have explored the relationship between resilience, ageing with HIV, and well-being. A cross sectional observational study performed on UK HIV positive (N = 195) and HIV negative adults (N = 130). Associations of both age and 'time diagnosed with HIV' with resilience (RS-14) were assessed, and the association of resilience with depression, anxiety symptoms (PHQ-9 and GAD-7), and problems with activities of daily living (ADLs) (Euroqol 5D-3L)...
November 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159546/sport-related-concussion-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-elite-athletes-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Simon M Rice, Alexandra G Parker, Simon Rosenbaum, Alan Bailey, Daveena Mawren, Rosemary Purcell
BACKGROUND: Elite athletes can experience a diverse range of symptoms following post-concussive injury. The impact of sport-related concussion on specific mental health outcomes is unclear in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to appraise the evidence base regarding the association between sport-related concussion and mental health outcomes in athletes competing at elite and professional levels. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Cinahl databases was conducted...
November 20, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159496/a-comparison-of-vocational-engagement-among-young-people-with-psychosis-depression-and-borderline-personality-pathology
#9
E Caruana, S M Cotton, J Farhall, E M Parrish, A Chanen, C G Davey, E Killackey, K Allott
Poor vocational engagement is well documented among young people experiencing first-episode psychosis (FEP). The aim of the present study was to establish and compare rates of vocational engagement across young people with first-episode psychosis, depression, and borderline personality pathology. A file audit was used to collect vocational data of young people aged 15-25 entering tertiary mental health treatment in 2011. Rates of vocational engagement were similar across groups, indicating that like those with FEP, young people with depression and borderline personality pathology experience impaired vocational engagement and are in need of targeted vocational interventions...
November 20, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157639/the-economic-implications-of-later-school-start-times-in-the-united-states
#10
Marco Hafner, Martin Stepanek, Wendy M Troxel
Numerous studies have shown that later school start times (SST) are associated with positive student outcomes, including improvements in academic performance, mental and physical health, and public safety. While the benefits of later SST are very well documented in the literature, in practice there is opposition against delaying SST. A major argument against later SST is the claim that delaying SST will result in significant additional costs for schools due to changes in bussing strategies. However, to date, there has only been one published study that has quantified the potential economic benefits of later SST in relation to potential costs...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157568/providing-primary-care-using-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-model-what-clinicians-have-learned
#11
Cynthia S Selleck, Matthew Fifolt, Heidi Burkart, Jennifer Sandson Frank, William A Curry, Lisle S Hites
This article details a nurse-led, interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) model that was developed to provide primary care to a medically indigent population in Birmingham, Alabama. Funding to develop and implement this project came from a federal Nurse Education, Practice, Quality and Retention award to the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Nursing, with additional support coming from the UAB Hospital and Health System. The clinic is housed within a local community-based, non-profit organization and all services, including supplies and pharmaceuticals, are provided free of charge to this vulnerable population...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157496/medical-considerations-in-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Diane DerMarderosian, Heather A Chapman, Christina Tortolani, Matthew D Willis
Eating disorders are a group of psychiatric disorders with potentially fatal medical complications. Early integrated care including the family as well as pediatric medicine, nutrition, psychology and psychiatry is critical for improving prognosis and limiting negative outcomes. Mental health services are a critical component of treatment; timely weight restoration maximizes efficacy. Despite being relatively common, there are many misperceptions about eating disorders, their severity, and the associated morbidity and mortality...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157447/the-usefulness-and-actual-use-of-wearable-devices-among-the-elderly-population
#13
Shwetambara Kekade, Chung-Ho Hseieh, Md Mohaimenul Islam, Suleman Atique, Abdulwahed Mohammed Khalfan, Yu-Chuan Li, Shabbir Syed Abdul
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Elderly populations are more prone to diseases and need continuous monitoring of parameters to ensure good health. Wearable devices (WDs) can be helpful in the early detection and management of medical conditions. However, less is known about the use of currently available WDs among elderly populations. The objectives of this study were to determine the usefulness and actual use of wearable devices among the elderly population. METHODS: Our methodology was based on a systematic review and a survey questionnaire...
January 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157098/meanings-of-living-in-lodgings-during-senior-high-school
#14
Wenche Wannebo, Siri Andreassen Devik, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
Studies show that senior high school students living in lodgings (away from home) when attending high school are vulnerable to stress and mental health problems. Moving away from home at the age of 15-16 is a transition that might affect adolescents' well-being. The aim of this study is to explore the experience of living in lodgings during senior high school. In-depth interviews were conducted with 21 Norwegian lodgers of both genders between the ages of 16-18. Interviews were analyzed according to a phenomenological hermeneutical approach...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156416/the-natural-context-of-wellbeing-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-the-influence-of-nature-and-daylight-on-affect-and-stress-for-individuals-with-depression-levels-varying-from-none-to-clinical
#15
Femke Beute, Yvonne A W de Kort
This paper explores how everyday encounters with two natural phenomena -natural elements and daylight- influence affect and stress levels for people differing in mental health. Nature and daylight exposure both have well-documented beneficial effects on mental health and affect but to what extent their exposure has beneficial effects in daily life is currently under investigated, as is the question whether lower mental health would make one more, or instead, less responsive. To this end, an ecological momentary assessment protocol was employed for a period of 6 days...
November 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156363/quality-of-life-is-associated-with-chronic-inflammation-in-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
M Faugere, J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, C Faget-Agius, C Lançon, M Cermolacce, R Richieri
BACKGROUND: Inflammation may play a crucial role in the pathophysiology of depression. However, the association between chronic inflammation and health outcomes in depression remains unclear, particularly for patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between quality of life (QoL) (physical and mental health, assessed by the SF-36) and chronic inflammation assessed using C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with current major depressive disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155557/wearable-nanoplasmonic-patch-detecting-sun-uv-exposure
#17
Jessica G Barajas-Carmona, Leydi Francisco-Aldana, Eden Morales-Narváez
Sun exposure is known to yield beneficial health outcomes, including synthesis of adequate levels of vitamin D, beneficial modulation of blood pressure and is a valuable factor in mental health care. However, the increasing incidence of sun/UV exposure-related illness, such as skin cancer, is seriously concerning public health authorities as well as the scientific community. Consequently, moderate sun/UV exposure is strongly recommended. A wearable nanoplasmonic patch whose original color changes upon sun exposure due to its UV-responsive capabilities that are visually detectable has been engineered...
November 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155338/financial-toxicity-in-bladder-cancer-patients-reasons-for-delay-in-care-and-effect-on-quality-of-life
#18
Marianne M Casilla-Lennon, Seul Ki Choi, Allison M Deal, Jeannette T Bensen, Gopal Narang, Pauline Filippou, Benjamin McCormick, Raj Pruthi, Eric Wallen, Hung-Jui Tan, Michael Woods, Matthew Nielsen, Angela Smith
PURPOSE: Costly surveillance and treatment of bladder cancer can lead to financial toxicity (FT), a treatment-related financial burden. Our objective was to define the prevalence of FT among bladder cancer patients and identify delays in care and its effect on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: We identified bladder cancer patients in the UNC Health Registry/Cancer Survivorship Cohort. FT was defined as agreement with having "to pay more for medical care than you can afford...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154596/the-moderating-role-of-trauma-type-on-the-relationship-between-event-centrality-of-the-traumatic-experience-and-mental-health-outcomes
#19
Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Kathryn H Howell, Laura E Schwartz, Amanda J Hasselle
OBJECTIVE: Event centrality, or the extent to which traumatic events are perceived to be integral to one's life, has been found to be predictive of trauma-related symptoms, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Less research has been devoted to whether event centrality is related to adaptive outcomes, such as posttraumatic growth (PTG) and resiliency, and psychological well-being (PWB) has not been investigated. Given the unique circumstances of different types of traumas, the relationship between event centrality and posttrauma functioning may differ by the type of trauma experienced...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154593/shame-and-alienation-related-to-child-maltreatment-links-to-symptoms-across-generations
#20
Rebecca L Babcock Fenerci, Anne P DePrince
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated associations between appraisals of shame and alienation related to mothers' own experiences of child maltreatment and symptoms across generations-in mothers themselves as well as their toddler/preschool-aged children. METHOD: Mothers who survived maltreatment (N = 113) with a child between the ages of 2 and 5 were recruited to participate in an online study on Maternal Coping, Attachment and Health. Mother participants completed a series of questionnaires, including those that asked about posttrauma appraisals of their own maltreatment experiences as well as their child's and their own mental health symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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