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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675041/use-of-mental-health-services-by-australian-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Geoffrey Ryan, Ian Marley, Melanie Still, Zaza Lyons, Sean Hood
OBJECTIVE: Medical students have higher rates of mental illness compared to the general population. Little is known about services accessed by medical students for mental-health problems. This study aimed to assess the use of mental-health services by Australian medical students and to identify barriers that may prevent students from using mental-health services. METHOD: A cross-sectional online survey was designed and administered to medical students at the University of Western Australia...
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666701/the-perfect-storm-of-trauma-the-experiences-of-women-who-have-experienced-birth-trauma-and-subsequently-accessed-residential-parenting-services-in-australia
#2
Holly S Priddis, Hazel Keedle, Hannah Dahlen
BACKGROUND: There appears to be a chasm between idealised motherhood and reality, and for women who experience birth trauma this can be more extreme and impact on mental health. Australia is unique in providing residential parenting services to support women with parenting needs such as sleep or feeding difficulties. Women who attend residential parenting services have experienced higher rates of intervention in birth and poor perinatal mental health but it is unknown how birth trauma may impact on early parenting...
June 27, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665965/the-internal-structure-of-foster-parent-completed-sdq-for-school-aged-children
#3
Stine Lehmann, Tormod Bøe, Kyrre Breivik
Mental health problems are common in foster-children, and tools to measure the mental health of these children are needed. One candidate instrument is the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a measure of child psychological adjustment that is increasingly being employed by Child Protection services. The aim of the current study was to examine the structural validity of the foster parent completed SDQ in a sample of 237 school aged foster children. Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated an excellent fit of the foster parent completed SDQ data to a five-factor model (CFI = 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645887/perspectives-of-family-members-on-using-technology-in-youth-mental-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#4
Shalini Lal, Winnie Daniel, Lysanne Rivard
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized as having an important role in the delivery of mental health services for youth. Recent studies have evaluated young people's access and use of technology, as well as their perspectives on using technology to receive mental health information, services, and support; however, limited attention has been given to the perspectives of family members in this regard. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of family members on the use of ICTs to deliver mental health services to youth within the context of specialized early intervention for a first-episode psychosis (FEP)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621012/supporting-people-with-aphasia-to-settle-into-a-new-way-to-be-speech-and-language-therapists-views-on-providing-psychosocial-support
#5
Sarah Northcott, Alan Simpson, Becky Moss, Nafiso Ahmed, Katerina Hilari
BACKGROUND: People with aphasia are at risk of becoming depressed and isolated. Online surveys have found that the majority of speech and language therapists (SLTs) lack confidence in addressing the psychological needs of people with aphasia. AIMS: To explore how SLTs conceptualize the scope of their role; barriers and facilitators to SLTs addressing psychosocial needs; and SLTs' experiences of specialist training and support, and working with mental health professionals (MHPs)...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617205/establishing-a-research-agenda-for-understanding-the-role-and-impact-of-mental-health-peer-specialists
#6
Matthew Chinman, D Keith McInnes, Susan Eisen, Marsha Ellison, Marianne Farkas, Moe Armstrong, Sandra G Resnick
Mental health peer specialists are individuals with serious mental illnesses who receive training to use their lived experiences to help others with serious mental illnesses in clinical settings. This Open Forum discusses the state of the research for mental health peer specialists and suggests a research agenda to advance the field. Studies have suggested that peer specialists vary widely in their roles, settings, and theoretical orientations. Theories of action have been proposed, but none have been tested...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585664/identification-and-treatment-of-adolescents-with-perinatal-anxiety-and-depression
#7
Linda Paine Hughes, Tammy Austin-Ketch, Ellen M Volpe, Nancy Campbell-Heider
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMAD) are the most common, yet under-diagnosed and undertreated complication of pregnancy, affecting up to 50% of pregnant and parenting teens. PMAD are a global health issue that can have devastating effects on the mental, physical, emotional, developmental health, and social life of the mother, infant, and family. Adolescents present with similar symptoms of PMAD as their adult counterparts, but also experience isolation from their peer group and lack of resources and coping strategies, as well as difficulty sleeping and lack of concentration and ability to focus...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577543/implementation-of-emental-health-care-viewpoints-from-key-informants-from-organizations-and-agencies-with-ehealth-mandates
#8
Lori Wozney, Amanda S Newton, Nicole D Gehring, Kathryn Bennett, Anna Huguet, Lisa Hartling, Michele P Dyson, Patrick McGrath
BACKGROUND: The use of technology such as computers, tablets, and smartphones to improve access to and the delivery of mental health care (eMental Health care) is growing worldwide. However, despite the rapidly expanding evidence base demonstrating the efficacy of eMental Health care, its implementation in clinical practice and health care systems remains fragmented. To date, no peer-reviewed, key-informant studies have reported on the perspectives of decision-makers concerned with whether and how to implement eMental Health care...
June 2, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565939/homicide-in-the-western-family-and-background-factors-of-a-perpetrator
#9
REVIEW
Anna Liisa Aho, Anni Remahl, Eija Paavilainen
AIMS: Familicide is a multiple-victim homicide incident in which the killer's spouse and one or more children are slain. A systematic review was conducted to reveal the background factors of western homicide perpetrators. METHODS: The systematic search was performed in the Arto, Medic, Cinahl, Medline, EBSCOhost Academic Search Premier and Social Services abstracts databases. The keywords were familicide, family homicide, familicide-suicide, filicide-suicide, extended suicide, child, murder, family, filicide and infanticide...
July 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554914/a-bespoke-mobile-application-for-the-longitudinal-assessment-of-depression-and-mood-during-pregnancy-protocol-of-a-feasibility-study
#10
Jose Salvador Marcano Belisario, Kevin Doherty, John O'Donoghue, Paul Ramchandani, Azeem Majeed, Gavin Doherty, Cecily Morrison, Josip Car
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a common mental health disorder during pregnancy, with important consequences for mothers and their children. Despite this, it goes undiagnosed and untreated in many women attending antenatal care. Smartphones could help support the prompt identification of antenatal depression in this setting. In addition, these devices enable the implementation of ecological momentary assessment techniques, which could be used to assess how mood is experienced during pregnancy...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554880/diversity-in-emental-health-practice-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-service-providers
#11
Jennifer Bird, Darlene Rotumah, James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer
BACKGROUND: In Australia, mental health services are undergoing major systemic reform with eMental Health (eMH) embedded in proposed service models for all but those with severe mental illness. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander service providers have been targeted as a national priority for training and implementation of eMH into service delivery. Implementation studies on technology uptake in health workforces identify complex and interconnected variables that influence how individual practitioners integrate new technologies into their practice...
May 29, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549595/mental-health-service-utilization-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-questioning-or-queer-college-students
#12
Michael S Dunbar, Lisa Sontag-Padilla, Rajeev Ramchand, Rachana Seelam, Bradley D Stein
PURPOSE: College students are at high risk for mental health problems, yet many do not receive treatment even when services are available. Treatment needs may be even higher among sexual minority students, but little is known about how these students differ from heterosexual peers in terms of mental health needs and service utilization. METHODS: A total of 33,220 California college students completed an online survey on mental health needs (e.g., current serious psychological distress and mental health-related academic impairment) and service utilization...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548455/liminality-in-the-occupational-identity-of-mental-health-peer-support-workers-a-qualitative-study
#13
Alan Simpson, Candice Oster, Eimear Muir-Cochrane
Peer support is increasingly provided as a component of mental health care, where people in recovery from mental health problems use their lived experiences to provide support to those experiencing similar difficulties. In the present study, we explored the evolution of peer support workers' (PSW) occupational identities. A qualitative study was undertaken alongside a pilot randomized, controlled trial of peer support for service users discharged from a mental hospital in London, UK. Two focus groups were conducted with eight PSW...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541768/sex-differences-in-the-presentation-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-community-sample-of-adolescents
#14
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The current study sought to explore sex differences in the presentation of probable full-syndrome and subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents from an Australian community sample. Specifically, it examined sex differences in the types of BDD symptoms endorsed, body areas of concern, and the association with elevated symptoms of comorbid disorders. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia. Of 3,149 adolescents assessed using self-report questionnaires, 162 (5...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537124/family-group-interventions-in-an-early-psychosis-program-a-re-evaluation-of-practice-after-10%C3%A2-years-of-service-delivery
#15
Kate Day, Rachael Starbuck, Melissa Petrakis
INTRODUCTION: The role of family in supporting service users in coping with illness and engaging in relapse prevention in early psychosis is important. Taking on this caring though is stressful and challenging, and it has been found that support and information for carers assists in their coping and reduces isolation. AIMS: To evaluate the current utility of a psychoeducation group program in a public adult mental health service, for the families of people experiencing early psychosis...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536655/supporting-looked-after-children-and-care-leavers-in-decreasing-drugs-and-alcohol-solid-protocol-for-a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-interventions-to-decrease-risky-substance-use-drugs-and-alcohol-and-improve-mental-health-of-looked-after
#16
Hayley Alderson, Ruth McGovern, Rebecca Brown, Denise Howel, Frauke Becker, Louise Carr, Alex Copello, Tony Fouweather, Eileen Kaner, Paul McArdle, Elaine McColl, Janet Shucksmith, Alison Steele, Luke Vale, Raghu Lingam
BACKGROUND: Looked after children (LAC) and care leavers are young people who have been placed under the legal care of local authorities, in many instances due to a history of abuse and/or neglect. These young people have a significantly increased risk of substance use and mental disorder compared to their peers. The aim of the SOLID study is to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a definitive three-arm multi-centre randomised controlled trial (RCT) that compares the effectiveness of two interventions that aim to reduce risky drug and alcohol use and improve mental health among LAC aged 12 to 20 years with usual care...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530444/real-world-strategies-to-engage-and-retain-racial-ethnic-minority-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-hiv-prevention-services
#17
Thomas E Freese, Howard Padwa, Brandy T Oeser, Beth A Rutkowski, Marya T Schulte
Racial/ethnic minority young men who have sex with men (YMSM)-particularly African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos-are at particularly high risk for HIV infection. Devising strategies to improve engagement and retention in HIV prevention services among minority YMSM is critical if the United States is going to achieve the National HIV/AIDS Strategy goal of reducing HIV health-related disparities. This article presents findings from a national summit on racial/ethnic YMSM services convened by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration-funded Center of Excellence on Racial and Ethnic Minority Young Men Who Have Sex with Men and Other Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations (YMSM + LGBT CoE) in September 2015...
June 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527100/parents-expectations-of-high-schools-in-firearm-violence-prevention
#18
Erica Payton, Jagdish Khubchandani, Amy Thompson, James H Price
Firearm violence remains a significant problem in the US (with 2787 adolescents killed in 2015). However, the research on school firearm violence prevention practices and policies is scant. Parents are major stakeholders in relation to firearm violence by youths and school safety in general. The purpose of this study was to examine what parents thought schools should be doing to reduce the risk of firearm violence in schools. A valid and reliable questionnaire was mailed to a national random sample of 600 parents who had at least one child enrolled in a public secondary school (response rate = 47%)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526663/effects-of-using-child-personas-in-the-development-of-a-digital-peer-support-service-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#19
Pontus Wärnestål, Petra Svedberg, Susanne Lindberg, Jens M Nygren
BACKGROUND: Peer support services have the potential to support children who survive cancer by handling the physical, mental, and social challenges associated with survival and return to everyday life. Involving the children themselves in the design process allows for adapting services to authentic user behaviors and goals. As there are several challenges that put critical requirements on a user-centered design process, we developed a design method based on personas adapted to the particular needs of children that promotes health and handles a sensitive design context...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506333/-home-etherapy-service-for-people-with-common-mental-health-problems-an-evaluation
#20
Judith Gellatly, Leanne Chisnall, Nic Seccombe, Kathryn Ragan, Nicola Lidbetter, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Ensuring rapid access to psychological interventions is a priority of mental health services. The involvement of peer workers to support the delivery of more accessible treatment options such as computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) is recognized. AIMS: To evaluate the implementation of a third sector remote CCBT @Home eTherapy service for people experiencing common mental health problems supported by individuals with lived experience. METHOD: Supported CCBT packages with telephone support were delivered over a 30-month period...
May 16, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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