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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314456/transitioning-to-adulthood-from-foster-care
#1
REVIEW
Terry Lee, Wynne Morgan
Transitional age foster youth do not typically receive the types of family supports their nonfoster peers enjoy. Many foster youth experience multiple adversities and often fare worse than nonfoster peers on long-term functional outcomes. Governments increasingly recognize their responsibility to act as parents for state dependents transitioning to adulthood and the need to provide services to address social/emotional supports, living skills, finances, housing, education, employment, and physical and mental health...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291482/understanding-post-deployment-reintegration-concerns-among-en-route-care-nurses-a-mixed-methods-approach
#2
Felecia M Rivers, Susan Dukes, Jennifer Hatzfeld, Linda H Yoder, Sandra Gordon, Angela Simmons
The objective of this study was to better understand the post-deployment behavior health symptoms and readjustment/reintegration experienced by military nurses who provided en route care while serving in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom. Employing an exploratory, concurrent, mixed-methods design with an electronic survey consisting of several valid instruments and single, face-to-face interviews; data were gathered from 119 surveys and 22 interviews. Four qualitative themes aligned with the Post-Deployment Readjustment Inventory items...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289677/the-implementation-and-evaluation-of-health-promotion-services-and-programs-to-improve-cultural-competency-a-systematic-scoping-review
#3
REVIEW
Crystal Sky Jongen, Janya McCalman, Roxanne Gwendalyn Bainbridge
BACKGROUND: Cultural competency is a multifaceted intervention approach, which needs to be implemented at various levels of health-care systems to improve quality of care for culturally and ethnically diverse populations. One level of health care where cultural competency is required is in the provision of health promotion services and programs targeted to diverse patient groups who experience health-care and health inequalities. To inform the implementation and evaluation of health promotion programs and services to improve cultural competency, research must assess both intervention strategies and intervention outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286914/a-review-of-social-participation-interventions-for-people-with-mental-health-problems
#4
REVIEW
Martin Webber, Meredith Fendt-Newlin
PURPOSE: The association between social networks and improved mental and physical health is well documented in the literature, but mental health services rarely routinely intervene to improve an individual's social network. This review summarises social participation intervention models to illustrate different approaches which practitioners use, highlight gaps in the evidence base and suggest future directions for research. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted, and social participation interventions were grouped into six categories using a modified narrative synthesis approach...
March 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246140/evaluating-process-and-clinical-outcomes-of-a-primary-care-mental-health-integration-project-in-rural-rwanda-a-prospective-mixed-methods-protocol
#5
Stephanie L Smith, Claire Nancy Misago, Robyn A Osrow, Molly F Franke, Jean Damascene Iyamuremye, Jeanne D'Arc Dusabeyezu, Achour A Mohand, Manzi Anatole, Yvonne Kayiteshonga, Giuseppe J Raviola
INTRODUCTION: Integrating mental healthcare into primary care can reduce the global burden of mental disorders. Yet data on the effective implementation of real-world task-shared mental health programmes are limited. In 2012, the Rwandan Ministry of Health and the international healthcare organisation Partners in Health collaboratively adapted the Mentoring and Enhanced Supervision at Health Centers (MESH) programme, a successful programme of supported supervision based on task-sharing for HIV/AIDS care, to include care of neuropsychiatric disorders within primary care settings (MESH Mental Health)...
February 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243443/health-education-and-activity-lessening-the-inequalities-in-mental-health-hea-lti-mental-health
#6
Georgia Richmond, Conor Kenny, Jabed Ahmed, Lucy Stephenson, Jamie Lindsay, Patrick Earls, Donncha Mullin, Howard Ryland
Patients suffering from mental health illness have considerably more physical health disease burden than the rest of the population and are more likely to die 10 to 20 years younger compared with their peers. Diabetes, cardiovascular and respiratory disease have been recognised as contributing factors to premature death. Furthermore patients with severe mental illness undertake lower levels of physical activity. The aim of the project was therefore to address the inequalities in physical health that affect patients with mental health illness through designing and implementing a sustainable, transferable, patient-centred education and activity intervention...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219486/mental-health-in-internationally-adopted-adolescents-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Kristin Gärtner Askeland, Mari Hysing, Annette M La Greca, Leif Edvard Aarø, Grethe S Tell, Børge Sivertsen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether mental health problems differ between internationally adopted adolescents and their non-adopted peers and examine design and sample characteristics that might underlie differences among studies. METHOD: Studies published through August 2015 were collected through Embase, Medline, PsychINFO, Web of Science, ERIC, and Svemed+. Combined effect estimates were calculated using random-effects models. RESULTS: Eleven studies investigating 17,919 adoptees and 1,090,289 non-adopted peers were included in the meta-analysis...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218927/hope-and-mental-health-in-young-adult-college-students-an-integrative-review
#8
Stephanie Griggs
One in five young adults are diagnosed with a mental illness and many experience psychological distress during their first year of college due to new pressures in academia. The purpose of the current integrative review was to describe and synthesize hope and mental health in young adults in college. PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 2011-2016. Twenty empirical works were selected for inclusion and five themes emerged: (a) Hope is Associated With Improved Coping, (b) Hope is Associated With Improved Well-Being, (c) Hope is a Moderator Between Depression and Negative Life Events, (d) Hope is a Protective Factor in Suicide, and (e) Hope is a Factor in Healthy Behavior Engagement...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214634/a-systematic-review-of-help-seeking-and-mental-health-service-utilization-among-military-service-members
#9
REVIEW
Melanie A Hom, Ian H Stanley, Matthew E Schneider, Thomas E Joiner
Research has demonstrated that military service members are at elevated risk for a range of psychiatric problems, and mental health services use is a conduit to symptom reduction and remission. Nonetheless, there is a notable underutilization of mental health services in this population. This systematic review aimed to identify and critically examine: (1) rates of service use; (2) barriers and facilitators to care; and (3) programs and interventions designed to enhance willingness to seek care and increase help-seeking behaviors among current military personnel (e...
February 4, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206804/student-service-members-veterans-on-campus-challenges-for-reintegration
#10
Brian Borsari, Ali Yurasek, Mary Beth Miller, James G Murphy, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, Matthew P Martens, Monica G Darcy, Kate B Carey
Many returning OIF/OEF/OND Veterans are seeking higher education in an effort to develop a meaningful career and financial stability. Evidence suggests that student service members/veterans (SSM/Vs) are experiencing less academic success than other students. The purpose of this review is to identify the unique challenges of SSM/Vs and evaluate current campus efforts to facilitate their retention and academic performance. With a focus on SSM/Vs attending colleges and universities, we obtained 57 peer-reviewed and 73 gray literature records published between 2001 and 2015...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199930/prevalence-of-exposure-to-suicide-a-meta-analysis-of-population-based-studies
#11
Karl Andriessen, Bayzidur Rahman, Brian Draper, Michael Dudley, Philip B Mitchell
Those exposed to suicide are at increased risk of adverse outcomes including mental illness, impaired social functioning, and fatal and non-fatal suicidal behavior. However, it is unclear how many people are exposed to suicide in the general community. This first meta-analysis of population-based studies aimed to provide pooled estimates of past-year and lifetime prevalence of exposure to suicide among family, friends/peers, and all relationships. In addition, the study examined prevalence of exposure to suicide by age group: adolescents and adults...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199910/subthreshold-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-adolescents-prevalence-and-impact
#12
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence of subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (subthreshold-BDD) in a community sample of adolescents, and to compare disorder correlates in individuals with subthreshold-BDD to those with probable full-syndrome BDD (probable-BDD) and those without BDD (non-BDD). Self-report questionnaires assessing DSM-IV BDD criteria, past mental health service use, and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder, anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders, were completed by 3149 Australian high school students (mean age =14...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188672/should-we-intervene-at-stage-0-a-qualitative-study-of-attitudes-of-asymptomatic-youth-at-increased-risk-of-developing-bipolar-disorders-and-parents-with-established-disease
#13
Jo Davison, Jan Scott
BACKGROUND: Studies of potential interventions for asymptomatic individuals at risk of severe mental disorders (ie, clinical stage 0) have focused on genetic counselling or the views of adults with established disease. No study has interviewed youth at risk of bipolar disorders (BD). METHODS: Qualitative analysis of interviews with asymptomatic adolescent offspring of adults with BD (OSBD = 7) and unrelated parents with bipolar disorders (PBD = 6) to examine manifest and latent themes in the dialogue...
February 11, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186951/incentives-and-disincentives-for-treating-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-ontario-family-health-teams-protocol-for-a-grounded-theory-study
#14
Rachelle Ashcroft, Matthew Menear, Jose Silveira, Simone Dahrouge, Kwame McKenzie
INTRODUCTION: There is strong consensus that prevention and management of common mental disorders (CMDs) should occur in primary care and evidence suggests that treatment of CMDs in these settings can be effective. New interprofessional team-based models of primary care have emerged that are intended to address problems of quality and access to mental health services, yet many people continue to struggle to access care for CMDs in these settings. Insufficient attention directed towards the incentives and disincentives that influence care for CMDs in primary care, and especially in interprofessional team-based settings, may have resulted in missed opportunities to improve care quality and control healthcare costs...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186934/protocol-for-the-mindful-student-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-provision-of-a-mindfulness-intervention-to-support-university-students-well-being-and-resilience-to-stress
#15
Julieta Galante, Geraldine Dufour, Alice Benton, Emma Howarth, Maris Vainre, Timothy J Croudace, Adam P Wagner, Jan Stochl, Peter B Jones
INTRODUCTION: Levels of stress in UK university students are high, with an increase in the proportion of students seeking help in recent years. Academic pressure is reported as a major trigger. Mindfulness training has been shown to reduce stress and is popular among students, but its effectiveness in this context needs to be ascertained. In this pragmatic randomised controlled trial, we hypothesise that the provision of a preventative mindfulness intervention in universities could reduce students' psychological distress during the examination period (primary outcome), improve their resilience to stress up to at least 1 year later, reduce their use of mental health support services and improve academic performance...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168677/examining-the-efficacy-of-a-family-peer-advocate-model-for-black-and-hispanic-caregivers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
J M Jamison, E Fourie, P M Siper, M P Trelles, Julia George-Jones, A Buxbaum Grice, J Krata, E Holl, J Shaoul, B Hernandez, L Mitchell, M M McKay, J D Buxbaum, Alexander Kolevzon
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects individuals across all racial and ethnic groups, yet rates of diagnosis are disproportionately higher for Black and Hispanic children. Caregivers of children with ASD experience significant stressors, which have been associated with parental strain, inadequate utilization of mental health services and lower quality of life. The family peer advocate (FPA) model has been utilized across service delivery systems to provide family-to-family support, facilitate engagement, and increase access to care...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167747/integrated-collaborative-care-teams-to-enhance-service-delivery-to-youth-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-challenges-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Joanna L Henderson, Amy Cheung, Kristin Cleverley, Gloria Chaim, Myla E Moretti, Claire de Oliveira, Lisa D Hawke, Andrew R Willan, David O'Brien, Olivia Heffernan, Tyson Herzog, Lynn Courey, Heather McDonald, Enid Grant, Peter Szatmari
INTRODUCTION: Among youth, the prevalence of mental health and addiction (MHA) disorders is roughly 20%, yet youth are challenged to access evidence-based services in a timely fashion. To address MHA system gaps, this study tests the benefits of an Integrated Collaborative Care Team (ICCT) model for youth with MHA challenges. A rapid, stepped-care approach geared to need in a youth-friendly environment is expected to result in better youth MHA outcomes. Moreover, the ICCT approach is expected to decrease service wait-times, be more youth-friendly and family-friendly, and be more cost-effective, providing substantial public health benefits...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161615/what-do-spanish-adolescents-think-about-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mental-health-literacy-and-stigma-associated-with-symmetry-order-and-aggression-related-symptoms
#18
Gemma García-Soriano, María Roncero
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and disabling disorder with a long delay in seeking help that could partly be due to poor mental health literacy and stigmatizing attitudes. This study analyzes the mental health literacy and stigma associated with symmetry/order and aggression-related OCD in a Spanish adolescent sample. This age group was chosen because adolescence is a vulnerable period for the development of OCD, and adolescents are often reluctant to seek professional help. One hundred and two non-clinical adolescents read two vignettes describing symmetry/order and aggression-related OCD...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155109/developing-a-peer-based-healthy-lifestyle-program-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-in-supportive-housing
#19
Kathleen O'Hara, Ana Stefancic, Leopoldo J Cabassa
Overweight and obesity disproportionally impact people with serious mental illness (SMI). Healthy lifestyle interventions can improve the health of people with SMI but may need to be adapted for this population. The aims of this study were: to (1) examine the feasibility and acceptability of delivering the Peer-based Group Lifestyle Balance (PGLB) intervention and (2) describe intervention adaptations for people with SMI in supportive housing. Peer specialists and social workers co-facilitated 12 weekly PGLB sessions for 14 supportive housing clients...
February 2, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139947/are-people-with-severe-mental-illness-ready-for-online-interventions-access-and-use-of-the-internet-in-australian-mental-health-service-users
#20
Neil Thomas, Fiona Foley, Katrina Lindblom, Stuart Lee
OBJECTIVES: The Internet is increasingly used in mental health service delivery, but there are significant potential barriers to Internet access for persons with severe mental illness (SMI). There is a need to understand this group's access to, and confidence with using, the Internet, and current views on using online resources as part of mental healthcare. METHOD: A survey was conducted of 100 consumers attending a specialist mental health service in Melbourne, Australia...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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