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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900556/an-investigation-of-relational-risk-and-promotive-factors-associated-with-adolescent-female-aggression
#1
Katie L Cotter, Paul R Smokowski
Despite growing trends in adolescent female aggression, much adolescent aggression research has focused on males to the exclusion of their female counterparts. Using relational-cultural and social role theories, the current study identifies the risk and promotive factors associated with adolescent female aggression. Using data from the Rural Adaptation Project (a 5 year longitudinal panel study of youth from two rural, ethnically diverse, low income counties in North Carolina), a 2-level hierarchical linear model was estimated (N = 3580)...
November 29, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876684/do-we-still-have-a-digital-divide-in-mental-health-a-five-year-survey-follow-up
#2
Dan Robotham, Safarina Satkunanathan, Lisa Doughty, Til Wykes
BACKGROUND: Nearly everyone in society uses the Internet in one form or another. The Internet is heralded as an efficient way of providing mental health treatments and services. However, some people are still excluded from using Internet-enabled technology through lack of resources, skills, and confidence. OBJECTIVE: Five years ago, we showed that people with severe mental illness were at risk of digital exclusion, especially middle-aged patients with psychosis and/or people from black or minority ethnic groups with psychosis...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856949/differential-impacts-of-social-support-on-mental-health-a-comparison-study-of-chinese-rural-to-urban-migrant-adolescents-and-their-urban-counterparts-in-beijing-china
#3
Xiao Yu Zhuang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong
BACKGROUND: The number of internal migrant children in China has reached 35.8 million by the end of 2010. Previous studies revealed inconsistent findings regarding the mental health status of rural-to-urban migrant adolescents, as well as the impact of peer, teacher and parental support on the mental health of Chinese adolescent migrants. AIMS: Using a comparative approach, this study attempted to compare the mental health status between migrant and urban-born adolescents and to clarify the specific roles of different sources of social support in the mental health of migrant and urban adolescents...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849485/psychological-impact-of-deploying-in-support-of-the-u-s-response-to-ebola-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-past-outbreaks
#4
Kartavya J Vyas, Eileen M Delaney, Jennifer A Webb-Murphy, Scott L Johnston
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential psychological impact of deploying in support of the U.S. response to Ebola in west Africa by systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Peer-reviewed articles published between January 2000 and December 2014 were identified using PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Science. Thirty-two studies involving 26,869 persons were included in the systematic review; 13 studies involving 7,785 persons were included in the meta-analysis. Pooled standardized mean differences (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825381/cornerstone-program-for-transition-age-youth-with-serious-mental-illness-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Michelle R Munson, Andrea Cole, Victoria Stanhope, Steven C Marcus, Mary McKay, James Jaccard, Shelly Ben-David
BACKGROUND: Transition-age youth have elevated rates of mental disorders, and they often do not receive services. This is a serious public health concern, as mental health conditions persist into adulthood. Continuing to engage this population has been a pervasive challenge for the mental health care system worldwide. Few mental health interventions have been developed for transition-age youth, and even fewer have been found to be effective over the transition to adulthood. Cornerstone, a theoretically guided intervention has shown promise for addressing the mental health and psychosocial needs of this population as they emerge into adulthood...
November 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815232/enhancing-self-efficacy-for-help-seeking-among-transition-aged-youth-in-postsecondary-settings-with-mental-health-and-or-substance-use-concerns-using-crowd-sourced-online-and-mobile-technologies-the-thought-spot-protocol
#6
David Wiljer, Alexxa Abi-Jaoude, Andrew Johnson, Genevieve Ferguson, Marcos Sanches, Andrea Levinson, Janine Robb, Olivia Heffernan, Tyson Herzog, Gloria Chaim, Kristin Cleverley, Gunther Eysenbach, Joanna Henderson, Jeffrey S Hoch, Elisa Hollenberg, Huan Jiang, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Marcus Law, Sarah Sharpe, Tim Tripp, Aristotle Voineskos
BACKGROUND: Seventy percent of lifetime cases of mental illness emerge prior to age 24. While early detection and intervention can address approximately 70% of child and youth cases of mental health concerns, the majority of youth with mental health concerns do not receive the services they need. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the protocol for optimizing and evaluating Thought Spot, a Web- and mobile-based platform cocreated with end users that is designed to improve the ability of students to access mental health and substance use services...
November 4, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800474/the-complexity-of-health-service-integration-a-review-of-reviews
#7
REVIEW
Marion Heyeres, Janya McCalman, Komla Tsey, Irina Kinchin
BACKGROUND: The aim of health service integration is to provide a sustainable and integrated health system that better meets the needs of the end user. Yet, definitions of health service integration, methods for integrating health services, and expected outcomes are varied. This review was commissioned by Queensland Health, the government department responsible for health service delivery in Queensland, Australia, to inform efforts to integrate their mental health services. This review reports on the characteristics, reported outcomes, and design quality of studies included in systematic reviews of health service integration research...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798049/the-big-picture-unfolds-using-photovoice-to-study-user-participation-in-mental-health-services
#8
Jessica Pui-Shan Tang, Samson Tse, Larry Davidson
BACKGROUND: User participation is advocated on the basis that consumers know their own needs better than anyone else. Photovoice is a participatory research method that empowers the grass-root population to give voice on concerned issues for eliciting social change. AIM: This study explores the experience and impact of user participation in mental health services (MHS) in Hong Kong through photovoice. It also examines the effects of this method in studying user participation...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793514/integrating-behavioral-healthcare-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-peer-health-navigator-intervention
#9
Erin Kelly, Lei Duan, Heather Cohen, Holly Kiger, Laura Pancake, John Brekke
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with serious mental illness also have high rates of comorbid physical health issues. To address those issues, this population needs interventions that improve self-management of health and healthcare. METHODS: In order to improve the health and healthcare of individuals with serious mental illnesses, 151 consumers with serious mental illness were randomized to receive either usual mental healthcare plus the Bridge intervention (n=76) or usual mental healthcare while on a 6month waitlist (n=75)...
October 25, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786521/training-peer-specialists-with-mental-illness-in-motivational-interviewing-a-pilot-study
#10
Jack Tsai, Anne Klee, Nicole Shea, Mark Lawless, Kevin A Payne, Elizabeth Goggin, Josiane Alix, Eileen Tam, Krystal Smith, Steve Martino
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of providing motivational interviewing (MI) training to peer specialists in the Veterans Affairs (VA) health-care system. Methods: Fourteen peer specialists at a local VA medical center received a 2-day workshop on MI and 2 monthly booster sessions afterward. A total of 55 therapy sessions between peer specialists and their peer service recipients were audio-recorded and independently rated on MI fidelity before the workshop and each month after the workshop for 3 months...
October 27, 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777849/living-with-idiopathic-basal-ganglia-calcification-3-a-qualitative-study-describing-the-lives-and-illness-of-people-diagnosed-with-a-rare-neurological-disease
#11
Tomiko Takeuchi, Koko Muraoka, Megumi Yamada, Yuri Nishio, Isao Hozumi
PURPOSE: Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (IBGC) is a rare, intractable disease with unknown etiology. IBGC3 is a familial genetic disease defined by genetic mutations in the major causative gene (SLC20A2). People with IBGC3 experience distress from the uncommon nature of their illness and uncertainty about treatment and prognoses. The present study aimed to describe the lives and illness of people with IBGC3. METHODS: Participants were recruited from patients aged 20 years or older enrolled in a genetic study, who were diagnosed with IBGC3 and wanted to share their experiences...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756281/a-pragmatic-randomized-control-trial-and-realist-evaluation-on-the-implementation-and-effectiveness-of-an-internet-application-to-support-self-management-among-individuals-seeking-specialized-mental-health-care-a-study-protocol
#12
Jennifer M Hensel, Jay Shaw, Lianne Jeffs, Noah M Ivers, Laura Desveaux, Ashley Cohen, Payal Agarwal, Walter P Wodchis, Joshua Tepper, Darren Larsen, Anita McGahan, Peter Cram, Geetha Mukerji, Muhammad Mamdani, Rebecca Yang, Ivy Wong, Nike Onabajo, Trevor Jamieson, R Sacha Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is a substantial and rising contributor to the global burden of disease. Access to and utilization of mental health care, however, is limited by structural barriers such as specialist availability, time, out-of-pocket costs, and attitudinal barriers including stigma. Innovative solutions like virtual care are rapidly entering the health care domain. The advancement and adoption of virtual care for mental health, however, often occurs in the absence of rigorous evaluation and adequate planning for sustainability and spread...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756268/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-to-improve-the-mental-health-support-and-training-available-to-secondary-school-teachers-the-wise-wellbeing-in-secondary-education-study
#13
Judi Kidger, Rhiannon Evans, Kate Tilling, William Hollingworth, Rona Campbell, Tamsin Ford, Simon Murphy, Ricardo Araya, Richard Morris, Bryar Kadir, Aida Moure Fernandez, Sarah Bell, Sarah Harding, Rowan Brockman, Jill Grey, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Teachers are reported to be at increased risk of common mental health disorders compared to other occupations. Failure to support teachers adequately may lead to serious long-term mental disorders, poor performance at work (presenteeism), sickness absence and health-related exit from the profession. It also jeopardises student mental health, as distressed staff struggle to develop supportive relationships with students, and such relationships are protective against student depression...
October 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732033/implementing-commonground-in-a-community-mental-health-center-lessons-in-a-computerized-decision-support-system
#14
Kelsey A Bonfils, Kimberly C Dreison, Lauren Luther, Sadaaki Fukui, Abigail E Dempsey, Charles A Rapp, Michelle P Salyers
Objective: Although shared decision making (SDM) is a key element of client-centered care, it has not been widely adopted. Accordingly, interventions have been developed to promote SDM. The aim of this study was to explore the implementation process of one SDM intervention, CommonGround, which utilizes peer specialists and a computerized decision support center to promote SDM. Method: As part of a larger study, CommonGround was implemented in 4 treatment teams in a community mental health center. The implementation process was examined by conducting semistructured interviews with 12 staff members that were integral to the CommonGround implementation...
October 10, 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716226/a-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-support-and-training-intervention-to-improve-the-mental-health-of-secondary-school-teachers-and-students-the-wise-wellbeing-in-secondary-education-study
#15
Judi Kidger, Tracey Stone, Kate Tilling, Rowan Brockman, Rona Campbell, Tamsin Ford, William Hollingworth, Michael King, Ricardo Araya, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Secondary school teachers are at heightened risk of psychological distress, which can lead to poor work performance, poor quality teacher-student relationships and mental illness. A pilot cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) - the WISE study - evaluated the feasibility of a full-scale RCT of an intervention to support school staff's own mental health, and train them in supporting student mental health. METHODS: Six schools were randomised to an intervention or control group...
October 6, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649767/what-we-talk-about-when-we-talk-about-recovery-a-systematic-review-and-best-fit-framework-synthesis-of-qualitative-literature
#16
Simon Robertson Stuart, Louise Tansey, Ethel Quayle
BACKGROUND: The recovery approach is increasingly popular among mental-health services, but there is a lack of consensus about its applicability and it has been criticised for imposing professionalised ideas onto what was originally a service-user concept. AIMS: To carry out a review and synthesis of qualitative research to answer the question: "What do we know about how service users with severe and enduring mental illness experience the process of recovery?" It was hoped that this would improve clarity and increase understanding...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633160/a-synthesis-of-the-evidence-on-peer-research-with-potentially-vulnerable-adults-how-this-relates-to-dementia
#17
Claudio Di Lorito, Linda Birt, Fiona Poland, Emese Csipke, Dianne Gove, Ana Diaz-Ponce, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: There is limited literature around peer research in dementia. This study aims to identify the benefits, the risks and the practical challenges and to develop a model of good practice in peer research with people with dementia. METHODS: We searched on PsycInfo, PubMed and Google Scholar for empirical investigations or discussion papers on peer research. Given the limited literature in the field of dementia, we included studies with groups who share similar demographics (older people), experience of stigma (mental health service users) and exclusion from research (people with learning disabilities)...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630071/investigating-the-feasibility-of-an-enhanced-contact-intervention-in-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-delivering-a-social-support-and-wellbeing-intervention-following-self-harm-swish
#18
Nilufar Ahmed, Ann John, Saiful Islam, Richard Jones, Pippa Anderson, Charlotte Davies, Ashra Khanom, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley
INTRODUCTION: Self-harm is a strong predictor for suicide. Risks for repeat behaviour are heightened in the aftermath of an index episode. There is no consensus on the most effective type of intervention to reduce repetition. Treatment options for patients who do not require secondary mental health services include no support, discharge to general practitioner or referral to primary care mental health support services. The aim of this study is to assess whether it is feasible to deliver a brief intervention after an episode and whether this can reduce depressive symptoms and increase the sense of well-being for patients who self-harm...
September 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623121/-advocacy-for-the-establishment-of-a-comprehensive-strategy-to-reduce-the-burden-of-schizophrenic-disorders
#19
D Leguay
This article attempts to identify and put into perspective the different approaches that could globally prevent the suffering induced by schizophrenia, from the detection of early psychosis to the impact on individual and family functioning and emotional health. Schizophrenia causes, at the community level, a number of difficult consequences and associated costs, which likely could be reduced if specific strategies, already known and documented internationally, were applied. Two areas not explored in this article: the role of medication and the issue of suicide prevention...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621291/barriers-to-managing-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-review-of-primary-care-practitioners-perceptions
#20
Doireann O'Brien, Kate Harvey, Jessica Howse, Tessa Reardon, Cathy Creswell
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common and typically have an early onset. Effective treatments for mental health problems in childhood and adolescence are available, yet only a minority of children who are affected access them. This is of serious concern, considering the far-reaching and long-term negative consequences of such problems. Primary care is usually the first port of call for concerned parents so it is important to understand how primary care practitioners manage child and adolescent mental health problems and the barriers they face...
October 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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