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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903578/mental-health-services-use-trends-in-canadian-veterans-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-ontario
#1
Alyson L Mahar, Alice B Aiken, Heidi Cramm, Marlo Whitehead, Patti Groome, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: A substantial evidence base in the peer-reviewed literature exists investigating mental illness in the military, but relatively less is documented about mental illness in veterans. This study uses provincial, administrative data to study the use of mental health services by Canadian veterans in Ontario. METHOD: This was a retrospective cohort study of Canadian Armed Forces and Royal Canadian Mounted Police veterans who were released between 1990 and 2013 and resided in Ontario...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900771/health-concerns-and-health-service-utilization-in-a-population-cohort-of-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Jonathan A Weiss, Barry Isaacs, Heidi Diepstra, Andrew S Wilton, Hilary K Brown, Caitlin McGarry, Yona Lunsky
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have many health needs that place demands on the health service sector. This study used administrative data to compare health profiles in young adults 18-24 years of age with ASD to peers with and without other developmental disability. Young adults with ASD were more likely to have almost all the examined clinical health issues and health service use indicators compared to peers without developmental disability. They were more likely to have at least one psychiatric diagnosis, and visit the family physician, pediatrician, psychiatrist, and emergency department for psychiatric reasons, compared to peers with other developmental disability...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899394/a-two-state-comparative-implementation-of-peer-support-intervention-to-link-veterans-to-health-related-services-after-incarceration-a-study-protocol
#3
Molly M Simmons, Benjamin G Fincke, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Bo Kim, Tom Byrne, David Smelson, Kevin Casey, Marsha L Ellison, Christy Visher, Jessica Blue-Howells, D Keith McInnes
BACKGROUND: Approximately 600,000 persons are released from prison annually in the United States. Relatively few receive sufficient re-entry services and are at risk for unemployment, homelessness, poverty, substance abuse relapse and recidivism. Persons leaving prison who have a mental illness and/or a substance use disorder are particularly challenged. This project aims to create a peer mentor program to extend the reach and effectiveness of reentry services provided by the Department of Veterans' Affairs (VA)...
September 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876217/-we-are-disaster-response-experts-a-qualitative-study-on-the-mental-health-impact-of-volunteering-in-disaster-settings-among-combat-veterans
#4
Derrick Kranke, Eugenia L Weiss, Kevin C Heslin, Aram Dobalian
Volunteers serving in a disaster context may experience harmful mental health effects that could impede rescue operations. Exploratory research suggests that combat veterans who volunteer in Team Rubicon (TR)-a disaster relief social service organization with the mission of uniting the skills and experiences of military Veterans with first responders to rapidly deploy emergency response teams-have positive mental health responses when providing disaster relief. The objective of this qualitative study was to identify those nuances associated with combat veterans' mental health response in TR...
September 6, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871029/protocol-for-a-qualitative-study-exploring-perspectives-on-the-international-classification-of-diseases-11th-revision-using-lived-experience-to-improve-mental-health-diagnosis-in-nhs-england-include-study
#5
Corinna Hackmann, Amanda Green, Caitlin Notley, Amorette Perkins, Geoffrey M Reed, Joseph Ridler, Jon Wilson, Tom Shakespeare
INTRODUCTION: Developed in dialogue with WHO, this research aims to incorporate lived experience and views in the refinement of the International Classification of Diseases Mental and Behavioural Disorders 11th Revision (ICD-11). The validity and clinical utility of psychiatric diagnostic systems has been questioned by both service users and clinicians, as not all aspects reflect their lived experience or are user friendly. This is critical as evidence suggests that diagnosis can impact service user experience, identity, service use and outcomes...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855202/protocol-for-a-mixed-studies-systematic-review-on-the-implementation-of-the-recovery-approach-in-adult-mental-health-services
#6
Myra Piat, Eleni Sofouli, Judith Sabetti, Angella Lambrou, Howard Chodos, Catherine Briand, Brigitte Vachon, Janet Curran
INTRODUCTION: Recovery is integral to mental health planning in G-8 countries including Canada. A recovery-oriented approach to care aims to promote personal empowerment, illness self-management and a life beyond services for people with serious mental illness (SMI), while reducing the financial burden associated with mental illness. Although there is a growing body of literature on recovery, no synthesis of research on the implementation of recovery into mental health services exists...
August 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855201/intersectoral-approaches-and-integrated-services-in-achieving-the-right-to-health-for-refugees-upon-resettlement-a-scoping-review-protocol
#7
Dena Javadi, Etienne V Langlois, Shirley Ho, Peter Friberg, Göran Tomson
INTRODUCTION: Global insecurity and climate change are exacerbating the need for improved management of refugee resettlement services. International standards hold states responsible for the protection of the right of non-citizens to an adequate standard of physical and mental health while recognising the importance of social determinants of health. However, programmes to protect refugees' right to health often lack coordination and monitoring. This paper describes the protocol for a scoping review to explore barriers and facilitators to the integration of health services for refugees; the content, process and actors involved in protecting refugee health; and the extent to which intersectoral approaches are leveraged to protect refugees' right to health on resettlement, especially for vulnerable groups such as women and children...
August 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853622/military-veteran-engagement-with-mental-health-and-well-being-services-a-qualitative-study-of-the-role-of-the-peer-support-worker
#8
Bronagh Weir, Margaret Cunningham, Lucy Abraham, Charlie Allanson-Oddy
BACKGROUND: Many UK military veterans experiencing mental health and well-being difficulties do not engage with support services to get the help they need. Some mental health clinics employ Peer Support Workers (PSWs) to help veteran patients engage, however it is not known how the role influences UK veteran engagement. AIMS: To gain insight into the role of peer support in UK veteran engagement with mental health and well-being services. METHOD: A qualitative study based on 18 semi-structured interviews with veterans, PSWs and mental health clinicians at a specialist veteran mental health and well-being clinic in Scotland...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836964/evaluation-of-a-peer-delivered-transitional-and-post-discharge-support-program-following-psychiatric-hospitalisation
#9
Justin Newton Scanlan, Nicola Hancock, Anne Honey
BACKGROUND: The time following discharge from psychiatric hospitalisation is a high risk period. Rates of hospital readmission are high and there is increased risk for homelessness and suicide. Transitional and post-discharge support programs have demonstrated positive results in terms of enhanced wellbeing, improved connection with community-based services and, in some cases, reductions in hospital re-admission. This paper reports on the outcomes of a peer-delivered post-discharge support program...
August 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832286/intersections-between-polyvictimisation-and-mental-health-among-adolescents-in-five-urban-disadvantaged-settings-the-role-of-gender
#10
Mphatso Kamndaya, Pedro T Pisa, Matthew F Chersich, Michele R Decker, Adesola Olumide, Rajib Acharya, Yan Cheng, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Polyvictimisation (PV) - exposure to violence across multiple contexts - causes considerable morbidity and mortality among adolescents. Despite high levels of violence in urban disadvantaged settings, gender differences in associations between PV and mental health have not been well established. METHODS: We analysed data from a survey with 2393 adolescents aged 15-19 years, recruited using respondent-driven sampling from urban disadvantaged settings in Baltimore (USA), Delhi (India), Ibadan (Nigeria), Johannesburg (South Africa) and Shanghai (China)...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825954/the-lifetime-prevalence-of-psychiatric-diagnoses-in-an-academic-gender-reassignment-service
#11
Gerhard P Grobler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the literature regarding the prevalence of mental health concerns, including psychiatric diagnoses in the TGNC community. RECENT FINDINGS: Gender dysphoria is not the only mental health concern experienced by some members of TGNC people. Stigma and discrimination play a role in the development of mental health concerns. Even after reassignment surgery some members of the TGNC community is almost five times more likely to attempt suicide...
August 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814325/australian-adolescents-beliefs-and-help-seeking-intentions-towards-peers-experiencing-symptoms-of-depression-and-alcohol-misuse
#12
D I Lubman, A Cheetham, A F Jorm, B J Berridge, C Wilson, F Blee, L Mckay-Brown, N Allen, J Proimos
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for mental health problems, preferring to rely on their friends for support. It is therefore important to ensure that adolescents can identify signs of psychological distress in their peers, talk to them about these, and help them access appropriate services when necessary. The current study examined adolescents' ability to recognise symptoms of depression and alcohol misuse, perceived barriers to help-seeking, and their intentions to encourage a peer to seek help from a range of informal and formal help sources...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811918/shared-decision-making-in-medication-management-development-of-a-training-intervention
#13
Ute Stead, Nicola Morant, Shulamit Ramon
Shared decision-making is a collaborative process in which clinicians and patients make treatment decisions together. Although it is considered essential to patient-centred care, the adoption of shared decision-making into routine clinical practice has been slow, and there is a need to increase implementation. This paper describes the development and delivery of a training intervention to promote shared decision-making in medication management in mental health as part of the Shared Involvement in Medication Management Education (ShIMME) project...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789781/training-peers-to-support-older-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-following-physiotherapy-discharge-a-feasibility-study
#14
Kay Cooper, Llinos M Jehu, Susan Klein, Blair H Smith, Patricia Schofield
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of a training programme for peer volunteers to support older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP) following discharge from physiotherapy. DESIGN: Feasibility study. SETTING: Community-based. PARTICIPANTS: 17 adults (4 male, 13 female) with CLBP or experience of supporting someone with CLBP enrolled and 12 (2 male, 10 female) completed the volunteer training...
July 13, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780563/implementing-a-multi-modal-support-service-model-for-the-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Bamini Gopinath, Ashley Craig, Annette Kifley, Gerald Liew, Jaye Bloffwitch, Kim Van Vu, Nichole Joachim, Rob Cummins, Julie Heraghty, Timothy Broady, Alison Hayes, Paul Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness and low vision among older adults. Previous research shows a high prevalence of distress and disruption to the lifestyle of family caregivers of persons with late AMD. This supports existing evidence that caregivers are 'hidden patients' at risk of poor health outcomes. There is ample scope for improving the support available to caregivers, and further research should be undertaken into developing services that are tailored to the requirements of family caregivers of persons with AMD...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768607/peer-communication-in-online-mental-health-forums-for-young-people-directional-and-nondirectional-support
#16
Julie Prescott, Terry Hanley, Katalin Ujhelyi
BACKGROUND: The Internet has the potential to help young people by reducing the stigma associated with mental health and enabling young people to access services and professionals which they may not otherwise access. Online support can empower young people, help them develop new online friendships, share personal experiences, communicate with others who understand, provide information and emotional support, and most importantly help them feel less alone and normalize their experiences in the world...
August 2, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767338/intensive-evening-outpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-personality-dysfunction-early-group-process-change-in-interpersonal-distress-and-longer-term-social-functioning
#17
Anthony S Joyce, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy
OBJECTIVE: Entrenched interpersonal difficulties are a defining feature of those with personality dysfunction. Evening treatment-a comprehensive and intensive group-oriented outpatient therapy program-offers a unique approach to delivering mental health services to patients with chronic personality dysfunction. This study assessed change in interpersonal problems as a key outcome, the relevance of such change to future social functioning, and the influence of early group processes on this change...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765679/placement-instability-among-young-people-removed-from-their-original-family-and-the-likely-mental-health-implications
#18
Simon Rice, Sue Cotton, Kristen Moeller-Saxone, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Anne Magnus, Carol Harvey, Cathy Humphreys, Stephen Halperin, Angela Scheppokat, Patrick McGorry, Helen Herrman
BACKGROUND: Young people in out-of-home care are more likely to experience poorer mental and physical health outcomes related to their peers. Stable care environments are essential for ameliorating impacts of disruptive early childhood experiences, including exposure to psychological trauma, abuse and neglect. At present there are very few high quality data regarding the placement stability history of young people in out-of-home care in Australia or other countries. OBJECTIVES: To undertake the first systematic census of background, care type and placement stability characteristics of young people living in the out-of-home care sector in Australia...
April 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750909/thank-you-for-asking-exploring-patient-perceptions-of-barcode-medication-administration-identification-practices-in-inpatient-mental-health-settings
#19
Gillian Strudwick, Carrie Clark, Brittany McBride, Moshe Sakal, Kamini Kalia
BACKGROUND: Barcode medication administration systems have been implemented in a number of healthcare settings in an effort to decrease medication errors. To use the technology, nurses are required to login to an electronic health record, scan a medication and a form of patient identification to ensure that these correspond correctly with the ordered medications prior to medication administration. In acute care settings, patient wristbands have been traditionally used as a form of identification; however, past research has suggested that this method of identification may not be preferred in inpatient mental health settings...
September 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675041/use-of-mental-health-services-by-australian-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Geoffrey Ryan, Ian Marley, Melanie Still, Zaza Lyons, Sean Hood
OBJECTIVE: Medical students have higher rates of mental illness compared to the general population. Little is known about services accessed by medical students for mental-health problems. This study aimed to assess the use of mental-health services by Australian medical students and to identify barriers that may prevent students from using mental-health services. METHOD: A cross-sectional online survey was designed and administered to medical students at the University of Western Australia...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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