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mental health peer services

Tomiko Takeuchi, Koko Muraoka, Megumi Yamada, Yuri Nishio, Isao Hozumi
PURPOSE: Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (IBGC) is a rare, intractable disease with unknown etiology. IBGC3 is a familial genetic disease defined by genetic mutations in the major causative gene (SLC20A2). People with IBGC3 experience distress from the uncommon nature of their illness and uncertainty about treatment and prognoses. The present study aimed to describe the lives and illness of people with IBGC3. METHODS: Participants were recruited from patients aged 20 years or older enrolled in a genetic study, who were diagnosed with IBGC3 and wanted to share their experiences...
2016: SpringerPlus
Jennifer M Hensel, Jay Shaw, Lianne Jeffs, Noah M Ivers, Laura Desveaux, Ashley Cohen, Payal Agarwal, Walter P Wodchis, Joshua Tepper, Darren Larsen, Anita McGahan, Peter Cram, Geetha Mukerji, Muhammad Mamdani, Rebecca Yang, Ivy Wong, Nike Onabajo, Trevor Jamieson, R Sacha Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is a substantial and rising contributor to the global burden of disease. Access to and utilization of mental health care, however, is limited by structural barriers such as specialist availability, time, out-of-pocket costs, and attitudinal barriers including stigma. Innovative solutions like virtual care are rapidly entering the health care domain. The advancement and adoption of virtual care for mental health, however, often occurs in the absence of rigorous evaluation and adequate planning for sustainability and spread...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Judi Kidger, Rhiannon Evans, Kate Tilling, William Hollingworth, Rona Campbell, Tamsin Ford, Simon Murphy, Ricardo Araya, Richard Morris, Bryar Kadir, Aida Moure Fernandez, Sarah Bell, Sarah Harding, Rowan Brockman, Jill Grey, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Teachers are reported to be at increased risk of common mental health disorders compared to other occupations. Failure to support teachers adequately may lead to serious long-term mental disorders, poor performance at work (presenteeism), sickness absence and health-related exit from the profession. It also jeopardises student mental health, as distressed staff struggle to develop supportive relationships with students, and such relationships are protective against student depression...
October 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
Kelsey A Bonfils, Kimberly C Dreison, Lauren Luther, Sadaaki Fukui, Abigail E Dempsey, Charles A Rapp, Michelle P Salyers
Objective: Although shared decision making (SDM) is a key element of client-centered care, it has not been widely adopted. Accordingly, interventions have been developed to promote SDM. The aim of this study was to explore the implementation process of one SDM intervention, CommonGround, which utilizes peer specialists and a computerized decision support center to promote SDM. Method: As part of a larger study, CommonGround was implemented in 4 treatment teams in a community mental health center. The implementation process was examined by conducting semistructured interviews with 12 staff members that were integral to the CommonGround implementation...
October 10, 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Judi Kidger, Tracey Stone, Kate Tilling, Rowan Brockman, Rona Campbell, Tamsin Ford, William Hollingworth, Michael King, Ricardo Araya, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Secondary school teachers are at heightened risk of psychological distress, which can lead to poor work performance, poor quality teacher-student relationships and mental illness. A pilot cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) - the WISE study - evaluated the feasibility of a full-scale RCT of an intervention to support school staff's own mental health, and train them in supporting student mental health. METHODS: Six schools were randomised to an intervention or control group...
October 6, 2016: BMC Public Health
Simon Robertson Stuart, Louise Tansey, Ethel Quayle
BACKGROUND: The recovery approach is increasingly popular among mental-health services, but there is a lack of consensus about its applicability and it has been criticised for imposing professionalised ideas onto what was originally a service-user concept. AIMS: To carry out a review and synthesis of qualitative research to answer the question: "What do we know about how service users with severe and enduring mental illness experience the process of recovery?" It was hoped that this would improve clarity and increase understanding...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Claudio Di Lorito, Linda Birt, Fiona Poland, Emese Csipke, Dianne Gove, Ana Diaz-Ponce, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: There is limited literature around peer research in dementia. This study aims to identify the benefits, the risks and the practical challenges and to develop a model of good practice in peer research with people with dementia. METHODS: We searched on PsycInfo, PubMed and Google Scholar for empirical investigations or discussion papers on peer research. Given the limited literature in the field of dementia, we included studies with groups who share similar demographics (older people), experience of stigma (mental health service users) and exclusion from research (people with learning disabilities)...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Nilufar Ahmed, Ann John, Saiful Islam, Richard Jones, Pippa Anderson, Charlotte Davies, Ashra Khanom, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley
INTRODUCTION: Self-harm is a strong predictor for suicide. Risks for repeat behaviour are heightened in the aftermath of an index episode. There is no consensus on the most effective type of intervention to reduce repetition. Treatment options for patients who do not require secondary mental health services include no support, discharge to general practitioner or referral to primary care mental health support services. The aim of this study is to assess whether it is feasible to deliver a brief intervention after an episode and whether this can reduce depressive symptoms and increase the sense of well-being for patients who self-harm...
September 14, 2016: BMJ Open
D Leguay
This article attempts to identify and put into perspective the different approaches that could globally prevent the suffering induced by schizophrenia, from the detection of early psychosis to the impact on individual and family functioning and emotional health. Schizophrenia causes, at the community level, a number of difficult consequences and associated costs, which likely could be reduced if specific strategies, already known and documented internationally, were applied. Two areas not explored in this article: the role of medication and the issue of suicide prevention...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
Doireann O'Brien, Kate Harvey, Jessica Howse, Tessa Reardon, Cathy Creswell
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common and typically have an early onset. Effective treatments for mental health problems in childhood and adolescence are available, yet only a minority of children who are affected access them. This is of serious concern, considering the far-reaching and long-term negative consequences of such problems. Primary care is usually the first port of call for concerned parents so it is important to understand how primary care practitioners manage child and adolescent mental health problems and the barriers they face...
October 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Marsha Langer Ellison, Russell K Schutt, Mark E Glickman, Mark R Schultz, Matthew Chinman, Kristina Jensen, Chantele Mitchell-Miland, David Smelson, Susan Eisen
OBJECTIVES: Patterns and predictors of engagement in peer support services were examined among 50 previously homeless veterans with co-occurring mental health conditions and substance use histories receiving services from the Veterans Health Administration supported housing program. METHOD: Veteran peer specialists were trained to deliver sessions focusing on mental health and substance use recovery to veterans for an intended 1-hr weekly contact over 9 months. Trajectories of peer engagement over the study's duration are summarized...
September 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Mark S Salzer, Joseph Rogers, Nancy Salandra, Conor O'Callaghan, Fran Fulton, Alyssa A Balletta, Katie Pizziketti, Eugene Brusilovskiy
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine the effectiveness of peer-delivered core services of Centers for Independent Living (CILs), which include advocacy, information and referral, skills training, and peer support. METHOD: Ninety-nine individuals with a schizophrenia-spectrum or affective disorder who identified at least 3 needs were recruited from mental health centers and randomly assigned to be contacted by a certified peer specialist at a local CIL (CIL condition) or services as usual (SAU condition)...
September 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Oscar G Jiménez-Solomon, Pablo Méndez-Bustos, Margaret Swarbrick, Samantha Díaz, Sissy Silva, Maura Kelley, Steve Duke, Roberto Lewis-Fernández
OBJECTIVE: People with psychiatric disabilities experience substantial economic exclusion, which hinders their ability to achieve recovery and wellness. The purpose of this article is to describe a framework for a peer-supported economic empowerment intervention grounded in empirical literature and designed to enhance financial wellness. METHOD: The authors followed a 3-step process, including (a) an environmental scan of scientific literature, (b) a critical review of relevant conceptual frameworks, and (c) the design of an intervention logic framework based on (a) and (b), the programmatic experience of the authors, and input from peer providers...
September 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Margaret Swarbrick, Timothy P Tunner, David W Miller, Pamela Werner, Wendy White Tiegreen
OBJECTIVE: This article provides examples of the development, implementation, and funding of peer-delivered health and wellness services in three states. Health and wellness services are critical to addressing the health disparities facing people living with mental health and substance use disorders served by the public behavioral health care system. METHODS: Information was compiled from the authors' experiences as champions in three states (Georgia, Michigan, and New Jersey) and the National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors, as well as documents from and discussions with local state and national sources...
September 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Rachel L Kaplan, Simon Nehme, Frances Aunon, David de Vries, Glenn Wagner
Transgender women are disproportionately affected by high rates of depression and suicide attempts. It is therefore important to identify factors that influence suicidal risk, particularly in the Middle East where little research has examined the mental health of transgender women. We examined risk factors associated with suicide attempts among 54 trans feminine individuals in Beirut, Lebanon. Data were collected using interviewer-administered questionnaires and analyzed using bivariate statistics. Twenty-five (46%) participants reported having ever attempted suicide...
2016: International Journal of Transgenderism
Elizabeth Brooks, Nancy K Dailey, Byron D Bair, Jay H Shore
OBJECTIVES: Many work to ensure that women veterans receive appropriate and timely health care, yet the needs of those living in rural areas are often ignored. This is a critical oversight given the multitude of reports documenting rural access problems and health disparities. Lacking this, we are unable to plan for and evaluate appropriate care for this specific group. In this project, we spoke with rural women veterans to document service needs and quality of care from their perspective...
September 2016: Military Medicine
Kimberley Horspool, Sarah J Drabble, Alicia O'Cathain
BACKGROUND: Street Triage is a collaborative service between mental health workers and police which aims to improve the emergency response to individuals experiencing crisis, but peer reviewed evidence of the effectiveness of these services is limited. We examined the design and potential impact of two services, along with factors that hindered and facilitated the implementation of the services. METHODS: We conducted 14 semi-structured interviews with mental health and police stakeholders with experience of a Street Triage service in two locations of the UK...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Neil Thomas, John Farhall, Fiona Foley, Susan L Rossell, David Castle, Emma Ladd, Denny Meyer, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Nuwan Leitan, Cassy Nunan, Rosalie Frankish, Tara Smark, Sue Farnan, Bronte McLeod, Leon Sterling, Greg Murray, Ellie Fossey, Lisa Brophy, Michael Kyrios
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial interventions have an important role in promoting recovery in people with persisting psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. Readily available, digital technology provides a means of developing therapeutic resources for use together by practitioners and mental health service users. As part of the Self-Management and Recovery Technology (SMART) research program, we have developed an online resource providing materials on illness self-management and personal recovery based on the Connectedness-Hope-Identity-Meaning-Empowerment (CHIME) framework...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Sophie C Schneider, Cynthia M Turner, Jonathan Mond, Jennifer L Hudson
OBJECTIVE: Body dysmorphic disorder typically begins in adolescence, yet little is known about the prevalence and correlates of the disorder in this age group. The current study aimed to explore the presenting features of adolescents meeting probable criteria for body dysmorphic disorder in a large community sample, and compare levels of comorbid psychopathology, quality of life and mental health service use between adolescents with probable body dysmorphic disorder and those without...
August 31, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Jean-François Pelletier, Christine Boisvert, Marie-Claude Galipeau-Leduc, Christian Ducasse, Denis Pouliot-Morneau, Julie Bordeleau
Objectives Located at the heart of a mental health university institute in Montreal, Canada, the University of Recovery (UR) is a peer-run agency of service users who came together as a private non-profit organization to promote their experiential knowledge in science and public health, and to transform the academic milieu as an inclusive work environment conducive to recovery and full citizenship. UR students can thus have access to scientific conferences and classes on various topics and invite scientists or other professionals to further discuss new discoveries and techniques, and possible ways of improving healthcare from a patients' and service users' perspective...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
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