keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

overcoming adversity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244620/calming-cycle-theory-and-the-co-regulation-of-oxytocin
#1
Martha G Welch, Robert J Ludwig
The biological functions of oxytocin in attachment and bonding between mother and infant in parturition and breastfeeding and between adults have been studied extensively. However, most current authors have proposed that infant attachment to the mother is learned through operant conditioning mechanisms via the infant's brain and central nervous system. We propose that oxytocin levels in the mother and infant are co-regulated by emotional connection or disconnection, and that the autonomic co-conditioning learning mechanism can be exploited to change a negative physiological and behavioral response between mother and infant into a positive one...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242894/gated-word-recognition-by-postlingually-deafened-adults-with-cochlear-implants-influence-of-semantic-context
#2
Chhayakanta Patro, Lisa Lucks Mendel
Purpose: The main goal of this study was to investigate the minimum amount of sensory information required to recognize spoken words (isolation points [IPs]) in listeners with cochlear implants (CIs) and investigate facilitative effects of semantic contexts on the IPs. Method: Listeners with CIs as well as those with normal hearing (NH) participated in the study. In Experiment 1, the CI users listened to unprocessed (full-spectrum) stimuli and individuals with NH listened to full-spectrum or vocoder processed speech...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237461/systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-artemisinin-based-and-quinine-based-treatments-for-uncomplicated-falciparum-malaria-in-pregnancy-methodological-challenges
#3
Makoto Saito, Mary Ellen Gilder, François Nosten, Rose McGready, Philippe J Guérin
BACKGROUND: There is no agreed standard method to assess the efficacy of anti-malarials for uncomplicated falciparum in pregnancy despite an increased risk of adverse outcomes for the mother and the fetus. The aim of this review is to present the currently available evidence from both observational and interventional cohort studies on anti-malarial efficacy in pregnancy and summarize the variability of assessment and reporting found in the review process. METHODS: Efficacy methodology and assessment of artemisinin-based treatments (ABT) and quinine-based treatments (QBT) were reviewed systematically using seven databases and two clinical trial registries (protocol registration-PROSPERO: CRD42017054808)...
December 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237460/validity-and-reliability-of-the-mexican-resilience-measurement-scale-in-families-of-children-with-chronic-conditions
#4
Filiberto Toledano-Toledano, José Moral de la Rubia, Laurie D McCubbin, Linda Liebenberg, Jesús Alejandro Vera Jiménez, Leonor Rivera-Rivera, Angie Hart, Leticia Andrea Barajas Nava, Marcela Salazar García, Silvia Martínez Valverde, Sofía Rivera Aragón, Concepción Sánchez Gómez, Laura Villavicencio Guzmán, Victor Granados García, Juan Garduño Espinosa
BACKGROUND: The resilience to face disease is a process of positive adaptation despite the loss of health. It involves developing vitality and skills to overcome the negative effects of adversity, risks, and vulnerability caused by disease. In Mexico, the Mexican Resilience Measurement Scale (RESI-M) has been validated with a general population and has a five-factor structure. However, this scale does not allow evaluation of resilience in specific subpopulations, such as caregivers. METHOD: This study investigated the psychometric properties of RESI-M in 446 family caregivers of children with chronic diseases...
December 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234333/putative-microsatellite-dna-marker-based-wheat-genomic-resource-for-varietal-improvement-and-management
#5
Sarika Jaiswal, Sonia Sheoran, Vasu Arora, Ulavappa B Angadi, Mir A Iquebal, Nishu Raghav, Bharti Aneja, Deepender Kumar, Rajender Singh, Pradeep Sharma, G P Singh, Anil Rai, Ratan Tiwari, Dinesh Kumar
Wheat fulfills 20% of global caloric requirement. World needs 60% more wheat for 9 billion population by 2050 but climate change with increasing temperature is projected to affect wheat productivity adversely. Trait improvement and management of wheat germplasm requires genomic resource. Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) being highly polymorphic and ubiquitously distributed in the genome, can be a marker of choice but there is no structured marker database with options to generate primer pairs for genotyping on desired chromosome/physical location...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229012/mixed-methods-quantitative-qualitative-study-of-29-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-in-rural-southern-italy-focus-on-positive-psychological-traits
#6
Anna Scelzo, Salvatore Di Somma, Paola Antonini, Lori P Montross, Nicholas Schork, David Brenner, Dilip V Jeste
OBJECTIVE: This was a study of positive psychological traits in a group of rural Italians aged 90 to 101 years, and their children or other family members. DESIGN: Mixed-methods quantitative (standardized rating scales) and qualitative (semi-structured interviews) study. SETTING: Study participants' homes in nine villages in the Cilento region of southern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine nonagenarians and centenarians and 51 family members aged 51-75 years, selected by their general practitioners as a part of a larger study called CIAO (Cilento Initiative on Aging Outcomes)...
December 12, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224250/multiple-autologous-bone-marrow-derived-cd271-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-overcomes-drug-resistant-epilepsy-in-children
#7
Olga Milczarek, Danuta Jarocha, Anna Starowicz-Filip, Stanislaw Kwiatkowski, Bogna Badyra, Marcin Majka
There is a need among patients suffering from drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) for more efficient and less toxic treatments. The objective of the present study was to assess the safety, feasibility, and potential efficacy of autologous bone marrow cell transplantation in pediatric patients with DRE. Two females and two males (11 months to 6 years) were enrolled and underwent a combined therapy consisting of autologous bone marrow nucleated cells (BMNCs) transplantation (intrathecal: 0.5 × 109 ; intravenous: 0...
December 10, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203092/efficacy-and-safety-of-pemafibrate-k-877-a%C3%A2-selective-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-modulator-in-patients-with-dyslipidemia-results-from-a-24-week-randomized-double-blind-active-controlled-phase-3-trial
#8
Shun Ishibashi, Hidenori Arai, Koutaro Yokote, Eiichi Araki, Hideki Suganami, Shizuya Yamashita
BACKGROUND: To overcome the concerns associated with the use of fibrates, pemafibrate (K-877), a novel selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor modulator, was developed. In a previous phase 2 trial, we showed excellent efficacy and safety of pemafibrate in patients with dyslipidemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pemafibrate over 24 weeks in adults with dyslipidemia in comparison with fenofibrate. METHODS: In this multicenter, 24-week, double-blind, clinical study, 225 patients with high triglyceride (TG; ≥150 mg/dL [1...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203070/a-sirolimus-eluting-bioabsorbable-polymer-coated-stent-mistent-versus-an-everolimus-eluting-durable-polymer-stent-xience-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-dessolve-iii-a-randomised-single-blind-multicentre-non-inferiority-phase-3-trial
#9
Robbert J de Winter, Yuki Katagiri, Taku Asano, Krzysztof P Milewski, Philipp Lurz, Pawel Buszman, Gillian A J Jessurun, Karel T Koch, Roland P T Troquay, Bas J B Hamer, Ton Oude Ophuis, Jochen Wöhrle, Rafał Wyderka, Guillaume Cayla, Sjoerd H Hofma, Sébastien Levesque, Aleksander Żurakowski, Dieter Fischer, Maciej Kośmider, Pascal Goube, E Karin Arkenbout, Michel Noutsias, Markus W Ferrari, Yoshinobu Onuma, William Wijns, Patrick W Serruys
BACKGROUND: MiStent is a drug-eluting stent with a fully absorbable polymer coating containing and embedding a microcrystalline form of sirolimus into the vessel wall. It was developed to overcome the limitation of current durable polymer drug-eluting stents eluting amorphous sirolimus. The clinical effect of MiStent sirolimus-eluting stent compared with a durable polymer drug-eluting stents has not been investigated in a large randomised trial in an all-comer population. METHODS: We did a randomised, single-blind, multicentre, phase 3 study (DESSOLVE III) at 20 hospitals in Germany, France, Netherlands, and Poland...
December 1, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202976/perinatal-outcomes-after-natural-conception-versus-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-ivf-in-gestational-surrogates-a-model-to-evaluate-ivf-treatment-versus-maternal-effects
#10
Irene Woo, Rita Hindoyan, Melanie Landay, Jacqueline Ho, Sue Ann Ingles, Lynda K McGinnis, Richard J Paulson, Karine Chung
OBJECTIVE: To study the perinatal outcomes between singleton live births achieved with the use of commissioned versus spontaneously conceived embryos carried by the same gestational surrogate. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic in vitro fertilization center. PATIENT(S): Gestational surrogate. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy outcome, gestational age at birth, birth weight, perinatal complications...
December 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188773/sorafenib-tosylate-ribavirn-and-sofosbuvir-combination-therapy-for-hcv-virus-infected-patients-with-decompensated-liver-cancer
#11
Bushra Munir, Bilal Ahmed, Shumaila Kiran, Fatima Jalal, Muhammad Kashif Zahoor, Saba Shehzadi, Sadaf Oranab, Sayed Kashif Kamran, Abdul Ghaffar
Hepatitis C is the most common health problem worldwide and is major cause of death due to proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma. The medicines available for HCV treatment overcome up-to 95% complications of HCV. However, liver cancer needs some additional care. Normally Sorafenib tosylate 200 mg is recommended for liver cancer. There is no such trial in which this drug could effectively be used in combination of direct acting antivirals for HCV. The study was conducted for HCV patients (n=30) with liver cancer having decompensated stage...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182643/how-do-adults-and-teens-with-self-declared-autism-spectrum-disorder-experience-eye-contact-a-qualitative-analysis-of-first-hand-accounts
#12
Dominic A Trevisan, Nicole Roberts, Cathy Lin, Elina Birmingham
A tendency to avoid eye contact is an early indicator of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and difficulties with eye contact often persist throughout the lifespan. Eye contact difficulties may underlie social cognitive deficits in ASD, and can create significant social and occupational barriers. Thus, this topic has received substantial research and clinical attention. In this study, we used qualitative methods to analyze self-reported experiences with eye contact as described by teens and adults with self-declared ASD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170171/dental-implants-in-a-patient-with-suspected-leucocyte-adhesion-deficiency
#13
Ashraf Abu Karaky, Faleh Sawair, Zaid Tamimi, Yazan Hassona
Aggressive periodontitis and premature tooth loss in leucocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) have adverse functional and psychological consequences on affected individuals. Dental implant rehabilitation might become necessary to overcome the functional and psychological adverse effects of LAD periodontitis, especially in patients with milder forms who are expected to have a relatively normal life expectancy. Outcome of dental implants in patients with LAD has not been previously reported; we describe the dental rehabilitation of a 24-year-old man with clinical features of LAD using endosseous dental implants...
November 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169332/how-does-pre-dialysis-education-need-to-change-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-with-staff-and-patients
#14
Gill Combes, Kim Sein, Kerry Allen
BACKGROUND: Pre-dialysis education (PDE) is provided to thousands of patients every year, helping them decide which renal replacement therapy (RRT) to choose. However, its effectiveness is largely unknown, with relatively little previous research into patients' views about PDE, and no research into staff views. This study reports findings relevant to PDE from a larger mixed methods study, providing insights into what staff and patients think needs to improve. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews in four hospitals with 96 clinical and managerial staff and 93 dialysis patients, exploring experiences of and views about PDE, and analysed using thematic framework analysis...
November 23, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168640/underwater-hybrid-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-in-a-rectal-polyp-a-case-report-of-a-new-application-of-underwater-endoscopy
#15
Joaquín Rodríguez Sánchez, Margarita Úbeda Muñoz, Eva de la Santa Belda, Pilar Olivencia Palomar, José Olmedo Camacho
BACKGROUND: Hybrid endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been described as an alternative to traditional ESD. This technique is less time consuming, but the en bloc resection rate is lower than in ESD. Similar to endoscopic mucosal resection, the underwater technique could improve preliminary disadvantages of hybrid ESD. CASE REPORT: We attempted a mixture resection technique of Hybrid ESD with underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). Using this approach, an underwater hybrid ESD was successfully performed without adverse events on a 71 year old woman with a 20 mm adenoma...
November 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167029/intervention-studies-to-foster-resilience-a-systematic-review-and-proposal-for-a-resilience-framework-in-future-intervention-studies
#16
REVIEW
A Chmitorz, A Kunzler, I Helmreich, O Tüscher, R Kalisch, T Kubiak, M Wessa, K Lieb
Psychological resilience refers to the phenomenon that many people are able to adapt to the challenges of life and maintain mental health despite exposure to adversity. This has stimulated research on training programs to foster psychological resilience. We evaluated concepts, methods and designs of 43 randomized controlled trials published between 1979 and 2014 which assessed the efficacy of such training programs and propose standards for future intervention research based on recent developments in the field...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166298/evaluation-of-a-broad-spectrum-partially-automated-adverse-event-surveillance-system-a-potential-tool-for-patient-safety-improvement-in-hospitals-with-limited-resources
#17
Melody Saikali, Alain Tanios, Antoine Saab
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the sensitivity and resource efficiency of a partially automated adverse event (AE) surveillance system for routine patient safety efforts in hospitals with limited resources. METHODS: Twenty-eight automated triggers from the hospital information system's clinical and administrative databases identified cases that were then filtered by exclusion criteria per trigger and then reviewed by an interdisciplinary team. The system, developed and implemented using in-house resources, was applied for 45 days of surveillance, for all hospital inpatient admissions (N = 1107)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156442/charting-a-path-towards-non-destructive-biomarkers-in-threatened-wildlife-a-systematic-quantitative-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Stephanie Chaousis, Frederic D L Leusch, Jason P van de Merwe
Threatened species are susceptible to irreversible population decline caused by adverse sub-lethal effects of chemical contaminant exposure. It is therefore vital to develop the necessary tools to predict and detect these effects as early as possible. Biomarkers of contaminant exposure and effect are widely applied to this end, and a significant amount of research has focused on development and validation of sensitive and diagnostic biomarkers. However, progress in the use biomarkers that can be measured using non-destructive techniques has been relatively slow and there are still many difficulties to overcome in the development of sound methods...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153502/clinical-outcomes-following-intravascular%C3%A2-imaging-guided-versus-coronary-angiography-guided-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-with%C3%A2-stent-implantation-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-bayesian-network-meta-analysis-of%C3%A2-31%C3%A2-studies-and-17-882-patients
#19
Sergio Buccheri, Gabriele Franchina, Sara Romano, Sebastiano Puglisi, Giuseppe Venuti, Paolo D'Arrigo, Bruno Francaviglia, Matteo Scalia, Antonio Condorelli, Marco Barbanti, Piera Capranzano, Corrado Tamburino, Davide Capodanno
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to explore the comparative clinical efficacy of different imaging modalities for guiding percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). BACKGROUND: Coronary angiography (CA) is the standard imaging modality for intraprocedural guidance of PCI. Intracoronary imaging techniques, including intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT), can overcome some limitations of CA. METHODS: Comprehensive hierarchical Bayesian network meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials and adjusted observational studies comparing clinical outcomes of PCI with stent implantation guided by CA, IVUS, or OCT...
November 8, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143237/john-henryism-gender-and-self-reported-health-among-roma-gypsies-in-serbia
#20
Jelena Čvorović, Sherman A James
We describe how self-reported health (SRH) varies with gender and John Henryism (a strong behavioral predisposition to engage in high-effort coping to overcome adversity) in a low income sample of Serbian Roma. Data were collected in 2016 in several Roma settlements around Belgrade, Serbia. The sample consisted of 90 men and 112 women. In addition to John Henryism (JH), measured by a Serbian version of the John Henryism Scale, demographic data and data on SRH and family relationships dynamics were collected...
November 15, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
53318
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"