keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mental illness prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431382/childhood-maltreatment-preceding-depressive-disorder-at-age-18-years-a-prospective-brazilian-birth-cohort-study
#1
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Christian Loret De Mola, Fernando Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Christian Kieling, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is linked with increased risk for mental illness in adolescence and adulthood. However, little evidence is available on whether different forms of maltreatment have specific effects, and no prospective studies in low- or middle-income countries have addressed this issue. METHODS: Participants in a population-based, birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil (N=3715) self-reported exposure to maltreatment (emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence) in confidential questionnaires at age 15 years, and were assessed for major depression in interviews at age 18 years, using the MINI...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#2
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421029/a-historical-view-of-motion-sickness-a-plague-at-sea-and-on-land-also-with-military-impact
#3
Doreen Huppert, Judy Benson, Thomas Brandt
Seasickness and its triggers, symptoms, and preventive measures were well known in antiquity. This chapter is based on an analysis of descriptions of motion sickness, in particular seasickness, in ancient Greek, Roman, and Chinese literature. A systematic search was made from the Greek period beginning with Homer in 800 BC to the late Roman period and ending with Aetios Amidenos in 600 AD, as well as in the Chinese medical classics dating from around 300 AD. Major aspects are the following: body movements caused by waves were identified in all cultures as the critical stimuli...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419586/a-review-of-the-nutritional-challenges-experienced-by-people-living-with-severe-mental-illness-a-role-for-dietitians-in-addressing-physical-health-gaps
#4
REVIEW
S B Teasdale, K Samaras, T Wade, R Jarman, P B Ward
People experiencing a severe mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar affective disorder or depression with psychotic features, have a 20-year mortality gap compared to the general population. This 'scandal of premature mortality' is primarily driven by preventable cardiometabolic disease, and recent research suggests that the mortality gap is widening. Multidisciplinary mental health teams often include psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, specialist mental health nurses, social workers and occupational therapists, offering a range of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments to enhance the recovery of clients who have experienced, or are experiencing a SMI...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408170/community-pharmacists-attitudes-toward-providing-care-and-services-to-patients-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness
#5
Alicia Watkins, Jerry McKee, Caitlin Hughes, Trista Pfeiffenberger
OBJECTIVES: To assess community pharmacists' attitudes toward working with patients who have severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) and to identify perceived barriers to providing care and services to this population. DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional survey of community pharmacists in North Carolina. The questionnaire, which was distributed electronically, included demographic questions about the responder and pharmacy in which they practiced, Likert-type scale questions assessing pharmacists' comfort and attitudes towards working with patients with SPMI, and barriers preventing provision of care...
April 10, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408072/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-opioids-among-pregnant-u-s-women
#6
Katy B Kozhimannil, Amy J Graves, Robert Levy, Stephen W Patrick
OBJECTIVES: Nonmedical use of opioids during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for women and infants, making it a prominent target for prevention and identification. Using a nationally representative sample, we determined characteristics of U.S. pregnant women who reported prescription opioid misuse in the past year or during the past month. METHODS: We used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014) in a retrospective analysis...
March 31, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404552/priority-setting-in-paediatric-preventive-care-research
#7
Mikael Lavigne, Catherine S Birken, Jonathon L Maguire, Sharon Straus, Andreas Laupacis
OBJECTIVES: To identify the unanswered research questions in paediatric preventive care that are most important to parents and clinicians, and to explore how questions from parents and clinicians may differ. DESIGN: Iterative mixed methods research priority setting process. SETTING: Toronto, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Parents of children aged 0-5 years enrolled in a research network in Toronto, and clinicians practising in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
April 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402427/bdnf-overexpression-prevents-cognitive-deficit-elicited-by-adolescent-cannabis-exposure-and-host-susceptibility-interaction
#8
Hadar Segal-Gavish, Neta Gazit, Yael Barhum, Tali Ben-Zur, Michal Taler, Shay Henry Hornfeld, Irit Gil-Ad, Abraham Weizman, Inna Slutsky, Minae Niwa, Atsushi Kamiya, Akira Sawa, Daniel Offen, Ran Barzilay
Cannabis abuse in adolescence is associated with increased risk of psychotic disorders. Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the primary psychoactive component of cannabis. Disrupted-In-Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) protein is a driver for major mental illness by influencing neurodevelopmental processes. Here, utilizing a unique mouse model based on host (DISC1) X environment (THC administration) interaction, we aimed at studying the pathobiological basis through which THC exposure elicits psychiatric manifestations...
April 11, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381819/purulent-pericarditis-an-uncommon-presentation-of-a-common-organism
#9
Muhammad Kashif, Henish Raiyani, Masooma Niazi, Kamalakkannan Gayathri, Trupti Vakde
BACKGROUND In the modern antibiotic era, Streptococcus agalactiae infection of the endocardium and pericardial space is a rare occurrence. However, once the disease spreads it can lead to life-threatening illness despite advances in diagnostic and treatment modalities, partly because the symptoms and signs associated with pericarditis are frequently missing, and due to the rarity of the disease, diagnosis is often overlooked. We report an extremely rare case of purulent pericarditis caused by Streptococcus agalactiae...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378065/long-term-effects-of-mental-disorders-on-marital-outcomes-in-the-national-comorbidity-survey-ten-year-follow-up
#10
Ramin Mojtabai, Elizabeth A Stuart, Irving Hwang, William W Eaton, Nancy Sampson, Ronald C Kessler
PURPOSE: Epidemiological research has consistently shown an association between mental disorders and marital dissolution. However, this research mostly examined the association of divorce as a risk factor for mental illness. This study prospectively examined the associations of mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders with future marital dissolution and new marriages in a representative population sample. METHODS: The study used data from the National Comorbidity Survey panel study-a two-wave community epidemiological survey of 5001 participants interviewed in 1990-1992 and re-interviewed in 2001-2003...
April 4, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375722/the-link-between-mental-illness-and-firearm-violence-implications-for-social-policy-and-clinical-practice
#11
John S Rozel, Edward P Mulvey
The United States has substantially higher levels of firearm violence than most other developed countries. Firearm violence is a significant and preventable public health crisis. Mental illness is a weak risk factor for violence despite popular misconceptions reflected in the media and policy. That said, mental health professionals play a critical role in assessing their patients for violence risk, counseling about firearm safety, and guiding the creation of rational and evidence-based public policy that can be effective in mitigating violence risk without unnecessarily stigmatizing people with mental illness...
March 30, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375416/assault-injury-and-homicide-death-profile-in-rhode-island-2004-2014
#12
Yongwen Jiang, Megan L Ranney, Jordan Seaberry, Lynne-Marie Shea, Brian Sullivan, Samara Viner-Brown
Community violence, including assault and homicide, is a public health problem. We provide a profile of assault-related injury and homicide death in Rhode Island to better understand assault/homicide. The 2014 emergency department (ED) visit data, hospital discharge (HD) data, and 2004-2014 Rhode Island Violent Death Reporting System (RIVDRS) data were used for this study. Most assault injuries and homicide deaths were among persons who were 25-44 years old, male, black and Hispanic, living in urban regions, self-pay or public insurance user, and never married...
April 3, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373614/effects-of-primary-prevention-of-child-abuse-that-begins-during-pregnancy-and-immediately-after-childbirth
#13
Tsuneo Ninomiya, Hiroko Hashimoto, Hiroe Tani, Kenji Mori
OBJECTIVE: To improve primary prevention of child maltreatment, the association between at-risk parents identified by maternity hospitals and local health centers and intervention outcomes was investigated. METHODS: A screening program for primary prevention of child maltreatment has been implemented for parents with children aged<3 years in A Prefecture. At-risk parents are identified at maternity hospitals and local health centers. Public health nurses provide intervention to promote positive parenting through home visits, and referred to child protective centers when they suspect child maltreatment...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371742/measuring-stigma-in-children-receiving-mental-health-treatment-validation-of-the-paediatric-self-stigmatization-scale-paeds
#14
A Kaushik, E Papachristou, D Dima, S Fewings, E Kostaki, G B Ploubidis, M Kyriakopoulos
BACKGROUND: Research on the impact of stigma associated with mental illness in children is scarce. Considering the known negative effects of stigma associated with mental illness in adults, it is crucial to explore the stigma experienced by children who access mental health treatment. However, no scale measuring self-stigmatization in younger children is available to date. This study aimed to develop and validate such a scale, the Paediatric Self-Stigmatization Scale (PaedS). METHODS: A total of 156 children (119 receiving outpatient and 37 receiving inpatient treatment), aged 8-12 years, completed the PaedS, the Self-Perception Profile for Children and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL - Child Report, ages 8-12)...
February 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368137/preventing-unemployment-and-disability-benefit-receipt-among-people-with-mental-illness-evidence-review-and-policy-significance
#15
Bonnie O'Day, Rebecca Kleinman, Benjamin Fischer, Eric Morris, Crystal Blyler
OBJECTIVE: We identify effective services to assist 3 groups of people with mental illnesses become or remain employed and prevent dependence on disability cash benefits: (a) individuals, including youth, who are experiencing an initial episode of psychosis; (b) employed individuals at risk of losing jobs due to mental illness; and (c) individuals who are or may become long-term clients of mental health services and are likely to apply for disability benefits. METHOD: We searched for articles published between 1992 and 2015 using key word terminology related to employment support services and each subgroup, and prioritized articles by study design...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367660/talking-about-parental-substance-abuse-with-children-eight-families-experiences-of-beardslee-s-family-intervention
#16
Heljä Pihkala, Neda Dimova-Bränström, Mikael Sandlund
BACKGROUND: Many children are affected by parental substance use disorder. Beardslee's family intervention (BFI) is a family-based psycho-educative method for children of mentally ill parents, used in psychiatric practise in several Nordic countries. The method has also been used to some extent when a parent suffers from substance use disorder. AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the family members' experiences of the BFI when a parent has a diagnosis of substance use disorder, to gain new knowledge about the process of the BFI in this area...
April 3, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365373/marijuana-and-acute-health-care-contacts-in-colorado
#17
George Sam Wang, Katelyn Hall, Daniel Vigil, Shireen Banerji, Andrew Monte, Mike VanDyke
Over 22 million Americans are current users of marijuana; half of US states allow medical marijuana, and several allow recreational marijuana. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact marijuana has on hospitalizations, emergency department (ED) visits, and regional poison center (RPC) calls in Colorado, a medical and recreational marijuana state. This is a retrospective review using Colorado Hospital Association hospitalizations and ED visits with marijuana-related billing codes, and RPC marijuana exposure calls...
March 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364642/in-custody-deaths-of-men-related-to-mental-illness-and-substance-use-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-administrative-records-in-ontario-canada
#18
Adam D Vaughan, Denise M Zabkiewicz, Simon N Verdun-Jones
Highly publicized incidents of in-custody deaths have drawn attention to the well-being of individuals who are held in custodial settings and have contributed to questions surrounding the role played by mental illness and substance use. The data for this descriptive study consist of administrative records from the Office of the Chief Coroner of Ontario. Section 10(4) jury verdicts filed from January 1, 1996 through December 31, 2010 were drawn for analysis. The final sample includes 478 males who died while in custody...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364402/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-help-seeking-behaviors-of-students-who-experience-psychological-distress-around-assessment-at-medical-school
#19
Rachel I Winter, Rakesh Patel, Robert I Norman
OBJECTIVE: Medical students are at high risk of experiencing psychological distress at medical school and developing mental ill-health during professional practice. Despite efforts by faculty to raise awareness about this risk, many students choose to suffer in silence in the face of psychological distress. The aim of this study was to explore drivers that prompted help-seeking behavior and barriers that prevented individuals prioritizing their well-being around the time of high-stakes assessment at medical school...
March 31, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350371/a-neurophysiological-perspective-on-a-preventive-treatment-against-schizophrenia-using-transcranial-electric-stimulation-of-the-corticothalamic-pathway
#20
REVIEW
Didier Pinault
Schizophrenia patients are waiting for a treatment free of detrimental effects. Psychotic disorders are devastating mental illnesses associated with dysfunctional brain networks. Ongoing brain network gamma frequency (30-80 Hz) oscillations, naturally implicated in integrative function, are excessively amplified during hallucinations, in at-risk mental states for psychosis and first-episode psychosis. So, gamma oscillations represent a bioelectrical marker for cerebral network disorders with prognostic and therapeutic potential...
March 28, 2017: Brain Sciences
keyword
keyword
53317
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"