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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936927/-you-ve-gotta-be-that-tough-crust-exterior-man-depression-and-suicide-in-rural-based-men
#1
Genevieve Creighton, John Oliffe, John Ogrodniczuk, Blye Frank
Suicide rates in Canada are highest among rural men. Drawing on photovoice interviews with 13 women and two men living in a small rural Canadian town who lost a man to suicide, we inductively derived three themes to describe how contextual factors influence rural men's experiences of depression and responses to suicidal thoughts: (a) hiding depression and its cause, (b) manly self-medicating, and (c) mobilizing prevention. Further discussed is how gender relations and ideals of masculinity within rural milieu can inhibit men's acknowledgment of and help seeking for mental illness issues...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931102/-areas-and-challenges-of-oncopsychological-rehabilitation
#2
Péter Kovács, Zsuzsa Koncz, Julianna Peti, Anna Gõdény, Dóra Horváth, Csilla Gerlinger, Katalin Lacsán, Petra Molnár, Ágnes Riskó
Patients with cancer present a number of different difficulties that adversely affect their health care and recovery (e.g. poor communication with physicians, lack of knowledge about their illness and its management, financial problems). Furthermore, mental health problems, such as distress, depression and anxiety, are common amongst patients with cancer. These mental health problems are additional contributors to functional impairment in carrying out family, work, and other social roles, poor adherence to medical treatments, and adverse medical outcomes...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929572/addressing-the-support-needs-of-families-during-the-acute-hospitalization-of-a-parent-with-mental-illness-a-narrative-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Karen P Foster, Danny Hills, Kim N Foster
Hospitalisation of a parent with acute mental health problems impacts the consumer, their extended family/carers and children. Mental health nurses are at the forefront of promoting recovery for consumers in an acute inpatient setting. Recovery-oriented care can include provision of family-focused care which supports recovery of the parent-consumer and their family members and contributes to prevention of intergenerational mental illness. The aim of this narrative literature review was to explore existing knowledge regarding the experiences, care and support needs of parent-consumers, their family members/carers and children during the parent's acute mental health hospitalisation...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929367/lacking-a-primary-care-physician-is-associated-with-increased-suffering-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#4
Cynthia G Olsen, John M Boltri, Jenna Amerine, Mark E Clasen
We evaluated the relationship between lack of a primary care physician (PCP) and patients with severe mental illness (SMI), who have poorer health and experience more suffering. Using a blinded retrospective record review of 137 patients with SMI, divided between inpatients (n = 70) and outpatients (n = 67), we compared the two groups to determine if lack of a PCP is associated with increased suffering and worse overall health. We included history of preventive services, having a PCP, and comorbid conditions...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927865/a-latent-class-analysis-of-brief-postpartum-psychiatric-hospital-admissions
#5
Inbal Shlomi Polachek, Kinwah Fung, Karen Putnam, Samantha Meltzer Brody, Simone N Vigod
Almost 40% of postpartum psychiatric hospital admissions are brief, lasting 72h or less. We aimed to identify unique subgroups of women within this group to inform better intervention. All women in Ontario, Canada with a brief postpartum psychiatric admission (≤ 72h) (2007-2012)(N = 631) were studied using latent class analysis. We identified distinct subtypes of women and compared women within each subtype on post-discharge mental health indicators: physician visits, emergency department (ED) visits and readmissions...
September 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926999/depression-and-risk-of-unintentional-injury-in-rural-communities-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-australian-rural-mental-health-study
#6
Kerry J Inder, Elizabeth G Holliday, Tonelle E Handley, Lyn J Fragar, Tony Lower, Angela Booth, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
Limited longitudinal research has examined relationships between depression and injury, particularly in rural contexts. This paper reports cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses from the Australian Rural Mental Health Study (ARMHS) exploring relationships between "probable depression" episodes and unintentional injury. Participants completed four surveys over five years. Multivariate logistic regressions were employed to assess the causal effect of prior depression episodes on subsequent injury risk. Of 2621 baseline participants, 23...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919912/the-isfahan-comprehensive-elderly-study-objectives-research-design-methodology-and-preliminary-results
#7
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the objectives, research design, methodology, and primary findings of the Isfahan Comprehensive Elderly Study (ICES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 603 elderly persons (aged 60 and over) were selected by multistage cluster sampling method from Isfahan, Iran, in 2016 comprehensive questionnaires along with a detailed interview were used to collect information on personal, family, socioeconomic, health and social services characteristics, life styles, physical illnesses and chronic diseases, mental, emotional and cognition disorders, quality of life, disabilities, sleep quality, social supports, life satisfaction, self-efficacy, and of participants...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915435/an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-the-public-health-consequences-of-social-isolation-and-loneliness
#8
REVIEW
N Leigh-Hunt, D Bagguley, K Bash, V Turner, S Turnbull, N Valtorta, W Caan
OBJECTIVES: Social isolation and loneliness have been associated with ill health and are common in the developed world. A clear understanding of their implications for morbidity and mortality is needed to gauge the extent of the associated public health challenge and the potential benefit of intervention. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review of systematic reviews (systematic overview) was undertaken to determine the wider consequences of social isolation and loneliness, identify any differences between the two, determine differences from findings of non-systematic reviews and to clarify the direction of causality...
September 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914124/case-management-helps-prevent-criminal-justice-recidivism-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#9
Heather Leutwyler, Erin Hubbard, Elaine Zahnd
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss how case management can decrease recidivism for people with serious mental illness (SMI) because people with SMI are at high risk for incarceration and recidivism. Design/methodology/approach Examples of successful case management models for formerly incarcerated individuals with SMI found through a secondary analysis of qualitative data and an analysis of the literature are presented. Findings Currently, no international, national, or statewide guidelines exist to ensure that formerly incarcerated individuals with SMI receive case management upon community reentry despite evidence that such services can prevent further criminal justice involvement...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901279/role-of-physical-exercise-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-depressive-illness-in-the-elderly
#10
Stefano Farioli-Vecchioli, Stefano Sacchetti, Vittoria Nicolis di Robilant, Debora Cutuli
BACKGROUND: In adulthood, depression is the most common type of mental illness and will be the second leading cause of disease by 2020. Major depression dramatically affects the function of the central nervous system and degrades life quality, especially during aging. Several mechanisms underlie the pathophysiology of depressive illness, given it has a multifactorial etiology. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that depression is mainly associated with imbalances in neurotransmitters and neurotrophins, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis alterations, brain volume changes, neurogenesis dysfunction, and dysregulation of inflammatory pathways...
September 11, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898197/urgent-need-for-improved-mental-health-care-and-a-more-collaborative-model-of-care
#11
James Lake, Mason Spain Turner
Current treatments and the dominant model of mental health care do not adequately address the complex challenges of mental illness, which accounts for roughly one-third of adult disability globally. These circumstances call for radical change in the paradigm and practices of mental health care, including improving standards of clinician training, developing new research methods, and re-envisioning current models of mental health care delivery. Because of its dominant position in the US health care marketplace and its commitment to research and innovation, Kaiser Permanente (KP) is strategically positioned to make important contributions that will shape the future of mental health care nationally and globally...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894744/advances-in-mobile-mental-health-opportunities-and-implications-for-the-spectrum-of-e-mental-health-services
#12
REVIEW
Donald M Hilty, Steven Chan, Tiffany Hwang, Alice Wong, Amy M Bauer
Mobile health (mHealth), telemedicine and other technology-based services facilitate mental health service delivery and may be considered part of an e-mental health (eMH) spectrum of care. Web- and Internet-based resources provide a great opportunity for the public, patients, healthcare providers and others to improve wellness, practice prevention and reduce suffering from illnesses. Mobile apps offer portability for access anytime/anywhere, are inexpensive versus traditional desktop computers, and have additional features (e...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891409/health-among-schoolchildren-from-the-school-nurse-s-perspective
#13
Ann-Sofi Ellertsson, Pernilla Garmy, Eva K Clausson
The aim of the study was to investigate Swedish school nurses' perceptions of schoolchildren's health. The study is based on two national surveys in which school nurses responded to questions about schoolchildren's health in 2015 ( n = 181) and 2005 ( n = 129). A statistical comparison showed that physical and mental health of schoolchildren in high-risk areas was perceived as worse than that of children in low-risk areas. There were no differences regarding the number of spontaneous visits or consulting reasons related to gender in high- and low-risk areas...
October 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886671/canadian-schizophrenia-guidelines-schizophrenia-and-other-psychotic-disorders-with-coexisting-substance-use-disorders
#14
David Crockford, Donald Addington
OBJECTIVE: Persons with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders frequently have coexisting substance use disorders that require modifications to treatment approaches for best outcomes. The objectives of this review were to identify evidence-based practices best practices that improve outcomes for individuals with schizophrenia and substance used disorders. METHOD: We reviewed guidelines that were published in the last 5 years and that included systematic reviews or meta-analyses...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886497/development-of-a-2-h-suicide-prevention-program-for-medical-staff-including-nurses-and-medical-residents-a-two-center-pilot-trial
#15
Yukako Nakagami, Hiroaki Kubo, Ryoko Katsuki, Tomomichi Sakai, Genichi Sugihara, Chisako Naito, Hiroyuki Oda, Kohei Hayakawa, Yuriko Suzuki, Daisuke Fujisawa, Naoki Hashimoto, Keiji Kobara, Tetsuji Cho, Hironori Kuga, Kiyoshi Takao, Yoko Kawahara, Yumi Matsumura, Toshiya Murai, Koichi Akashi, Shigenobu Kanba, Kotaro Otsuka, Takahiro A Kato
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a crucial global health concern and effective suicide prevention has long been warranted. Mental illness, especially depression is the highest risk factor of suicide. Suicidal risk is increased in people not only with mental illness but also with physical illnesses, thus medical staff caring for physically-ill patients are also required to manage people with suicidal risk. In the present study, we evaluated our newly developed suicide intervention program among medical staff...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885950/family-characteristics-associated-with-child-maltreatment-across-the-deployment-cycle-of-u-s-army-soldiers
#16
Douglas Strane, Kevin G Lynch, Heather M Griffis, Christine M Taylor, Gerlinde C Harb, Lanyu Mi, Lihai Song, Benjamin French, David M Rubin
OBJECTIVE: Soldier deployment can create a stressful environment for U.S. Army families with young children. Prior research has identified elevated rates of child maltreatment in the 6 months immediately following a soldier's return home from deployment. In this study, we longitudinally examine how other child- and family-level characteristics influence the relationship of deployment to risk for maltreatment of dependent children of U.S. Army soldiers. METHODS: We conducted a person-time analysis of substantiated reports and medical diagnoses of maltreatment among the 73,404 children of 56,087 U...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882826/improving-life-expectancy-in-people-with-serious-mental-illness-should-we-place-more-emphasis-on-primary-prevention
#17
Athif Ilyas, Edward Chesney, Rashmi Patel
People with serious mental illness have a reduced life expectancy that is partly attributable to increased cardiovascular disease. One approach to address this is regular physical health monitoring. However, physical health monitoring is poorly implemented in everyday clinical practice and there is little evidence to suggest that it improves physical health. We argue that greater emphasis should be placed on primary prevention strategies such as assertive smoking cessation, dietary and exercise interventions and more judicious psychotropic prescribing...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877952/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-cardiovascular-risk-prediction-algorithm-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness-primrose
#18
Ella Zomer, David Osborn, Irwin Nazareth, Ruth Blackburn, Alexandra Burton, Sarah Hardoon, Richard Ian Gregory Holt, Michael King, Louise Marston, Stephen Morris, Rumana Omar, Irene Petersen, Kate Walters, Rachael Maree Hunter
OBJECTIVES: To determine the cost-effectiveness of two bespoke severe mental illness (SMI)-specific risk algorithms compared with standard risk algorithms for primary cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in those with SMI. SETTING: Primary care setting in the UK. The analysis was from the National Health Service perspective. PARTICIPANTS: 1000 individuals with SMI from The Health Improvement Network Database, aged 30-74 years and without existing CVD, populated the model...
September 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876964/flourishing-an-evolutionary-concept-analysis
#19
Christine Agenor, Norma Conner, Karen Aroian
PURPOSE: Mental health is an important measure of public health (WHO, 2004); however, nursing practice and research continues to prioritize mental illness, rather than well-being (Wand, 2011). Flourishing is a recent concept in the field of well-being. The term has been used sparingly in nursing practice and research, and conceptual clarification is needed to promote comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon. The purpose of this study is to critically analyze flourishing, assess the maturity of the concept, and provide recommendations for future research, education, and practice...
September 6, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869667/children-with-ill-parents-extent-and-nature-of-caring-activities
#20
Ellen Katrine Kallander, Bente M Weimand, Saul Becker, Betty Van Roy, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer, Kristin Stavnes, Anne Faugli, Elin Kufås, Torleif Ruud
RATIONALE: Previous studies have shown that children may take on higher extents of caring activities if their parents are affected by severe illness or disability, especially when their parents lack access to formal and informal care. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the extent and nature of caring activities done by patients' children; differences in caring activities between different types of parental illness; factors associated with caring activities...
September 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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