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serum-ascitis albumin gradient

Anabela Angeleri, Adriana Rocher, Beatriz Caracciolo, Marcela Pandolfo, Luis Palaoro, Beatriz Perazzi
BACKGROUND: In the cases of ascitis, it is essential to determine their origin using the parameters obtained by the cytological and biochemical examinations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of different biochemical markers and the number of cells in the differential diagnosis of ascitic fluid (AF). METHODS: One hundred ninety-one cases of AF were studied, who were admitted to the hospital from January 01, 2009 to December 31, 2014. One hundred fifty-two of them were included in the analysis, and the remaining 39 were excluded because they had more than one associated pathology, clotted or hemolyzed...
February 2016: Gastroenterology Research
M P Sharma, Vikram Bhatia
Tuberculosis can involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract and is the sixth most frequent site of extrapulmonary involvement. Both the incidence and severity of abdominal tuberculosis are expected to increase with increasing incidence of HIV infection. Tuberculosis bacteria reach the gastrointestinal tract via haematogenous spread, ingestion of infected sputum, or direct spread from infected contiguous lymph nodes and fallopian tubes. The gross pathology is characterized by transverse ulcers, fibrosis, thickening and stricturing of the bowel wall, enlarged and matted mesenteric lymph nodes, omental thickening, and peritoneal tubercles...
October 2004: Indian Journal of Medical Research
María del Carmen Espinoza Avila, Mario Valdivia Roldán
Albumin in ascitic fluid has been evaluated as a discriminative diagnosis test, based on an observation and retrospective study, comparing it to that of total ascitis protein and albumin gradient, which are the most clinically used tests nowadays. The study involved a total of 45 patients, predominantly women, averaging 54 years of age, who were diagnosed through laparoscopy in a public hospital. The evaluation included: 19 patients suffering transudate type ascitis (chronic liver disease, n = 18), 23 patients with exudates type ascitis (peritoneal carcinomatosis, n = 12, tuberculous peritonitis, n = 11), and patients with mixedascitis...
April 2004: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Mario Valdivia R, Alejandro Llanos C, Carlos Zapata S, Norvinda Muñoz O
Prospective evaluation was performed in 60 in-patients, carriers of ascites of different etiologies, analyzing the validity of the parameters depending on protein and albumin dosage, both in the ascitic serum and fluid, for the discrimination of possible etiological causes of ascites, including in these parameters Protein Concentration in the Ascitic Fluid, the Serum-Ascites Albumin Gradient, the Protein Ascites/Serum Ratio, and the Albumin Concentration in the ascitic fluid. Average age was 46.9 +/- 19.6, all female; 21 cases were associated with Chronic Hepatic Disease, 14 to Tuberculosis, 11 to Malignant Neoplasia, 7 to Nephrotic syndrome, 4 to Congestive Heart Failure, 2 to Collagen Disease, and 1 to a severe Malnutrition case...
October 2002: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
J Vázquez Rodríguez de Alba, J Ena Muñoz, J Such Ronda, M V Almenar Bonet, M L Graells Ferrer
BACKGROUND: Cholinesterase is an enzyme mainly synthesized in the liver that might play a role in the differential diagnosis of ascites. We prospectively compared the sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic usefulness of the ascites cholinesterase and the classical parameters, ascites total protein concentration and serum-ascites albumin gradient in the differential diagnosis of ascites. In addition, we evaluated the relationship between those parameters and the degree of liver failure...
July 2000: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
O M Laudanno, P Bresciani, M Silva
The aim of this study was to compare the serum-ascites albumin gradient (GS-A) to the transudate-exudate concept in the classification of ascites. The second objective was to analyze the predictive value and efficacy of GS-A, ascites total protein, LDH, Ratio and ascites cholesterol in patients with liver disease and malignant ascites. For this purpose we studied prospectively 98 patients (in prospective form). The transudate-exudate concept classified correctly the causes of ascites only in 65.6% of the patients...
1995: Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
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