keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Early endosome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732201/small-molecules-for-early-endosome-specific-patch-clamping
#1
Cheng-Chang Chen, Elisabeth S Butz, Yu-Kai Chao, Yulia Grishchuk, Lars Becker, Stefan Heller, Susan A Slaugenhaupt, Martin Biel, Christian Wahl-Schott, Christian Grimm
To resolve the subcellular distribution of endolysosomal ion channels, we have established a novel experimental approach to selectively patch clamp Rab5 positive early endosomes (EE) versus Rab7/LAMP1-positive late endosomes/lysosomes (LE/LY). To functionally characterize ion channels in endolysosomal membranes with the patch-clamp technique, it is important to develop techniques to selectively enlarge the respective organelles. We found here that two small molecules, wortmannin and latrunculin B, enlarge Rab5-positive EE when combined but not Rab7-, LAMP1-, or Rab11 (RE)-positive vesicles...
July 20, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725638/isolation-of-f-novicida-containing-phagosome-from-infected-human-monocyte-derived-macrophages
#2
Valentina Marecic, Olga Shevchuk, Mateja Ozanic, Mirna Mihelcic, Michael Steinert, Antonija Jurak Begonja, Yousef Abu Kwaik, Marina Santic
Francisella is a gram-negative bacterial pathogen, which causes tularemia in humans and animals. A crucial step of Francisella infection is its invasion of macrophage cells. Biogenesis of the Francisella-containing phagosome (FCP) is arrested for ~15 min at the endosomal stage, followed by gradual bacterial escape into the cytosol, where the microbe proliferates. The crucial step in pathogenesis of tularemia is short and transient presence of the bacterium within phagosome. Isolation of FCPs for further studies has been challenging due to the short period of time of bacterial residence in it and the characteristics of the FCP...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724764/rab5-and-rab11-are-required-for-clathrin-dependent-endocytosis-of-japanese-encephalitis-virus-in-bhk-21-cells
#3
Chun-Chun Liu, Yun-Na Zhang, Zhao-Yao Li, Jin-Xiu Hou, Jing Zhou, Lin Kan, Bin Zhou, Pu-Yan Chen
During infection Japanese Encephalitis Virus generally enters host cells via receptor-mediated clathrin dependent endocytosis. The trafficking of JEV within endosomes is controlled by Rab GTPases, but which Rab proteins are involved in JEV entry into BHK-21 cells is unknown. In this study, entry and post-internalization of JEV were analyzed using biochemical inhibitors, RNA interference and dominant negative mutants. Our data demonstrate that JEV entry into BHK-21 cells depends on clathrin, dynamin, and cholesterol, but not caveolae or macropinocytosis...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722658/the-golgi-localized-gamma-ear-containing-arf-binding-gga-protein-family-alters-alpha-synuclein-%C3%AE-syn-oligomerization-and-secretion
#4
Bjoern von Einem, Judith Eschbach, Martin Kiechle, Anke Wahler, Dietmar R Thal, Pamela J McLean, Jochen H Weishaupt, Albert C Ludolph, Christine A F von Arnim, Karin M Danzer
Several age-related neurodegenerative disorders are associated with protein misfolding and aggregation of toxic peptides. α-synuclein (α-syn) aggregation and the resulting cytotoxicity is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD) as well as dementia with Lewy bodies. Rising evidence points to oligomeric and pre-fibrillar forms as the pathogenic species, and oligomer secretion seems to be crucial for the spreading and progression of PD pathology. Recent studies implicate that dysfunctions in endolysosomal/autophagosomal pathways increase α-syn secretion...
July 15, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720789/evolutionarily-conserved-bil4-suppresses-the-degradation-of-brassinosteroid-receptor-bri1-and-regulates-cell-elongation
#5
Ayumi Yamagami, Chieko Saito, Miki Nakazawa, Shozo Fujioka, Tomohiro Uemura, Minami Matsui, Masaaki Sakuta, Kazuo Shinozaki, Hiroyuki Osada, Akihiko Nakano, Tadao Asami, Takeshi Nakano
Brassinosteroids (BRs), plant steroid hormones, play important roles in plant cell elongation and differentiation. To investigate the mechanisms of BR signaling, we previously used the BR biosynthesis inhibitor Brz as a chemical biology tool and identified the Brz-insensitive-long hypocotyl4 mutant (bil4). Although the BIL4 gene encodes a seven-transmembrane-domain protein that is evolutionarily conserved in plants and animals, the molecular function of BIL4 in BR signaling has not been elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that BIL4 is expressed in early elongating cells and regulates cell elongation in Arabidopsis...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720531/molecular-cloning-and-characterization-of-the-genes-encoding-the-proteins-of-zika-virus
#6
Wangheng Hou, Ruth Cruz-Cosme, Najealicka Armstrong, Lilian Akello Obwolo, Fayuan Wen, Wenhui Hu, Min-Hua Luo, Qiyi Tang
Zika virus (ZIKV) encodes a precursor protein (also called polyprotein) of about 3424 amino acids that is processed by proteases to generate 10 mature proteins and a small peptide. In the present study, we characterized the chemical features, suborganelle distribution and potential function of each protein using Flag-tagged protein expression system. Western blot analysis revealed the molecular weight of the proteins and the polymerization of E, NS1, and NS3 proteins. In addition, we performed multi-labeled fluorescent immunocytochemistry and subcellular fractionation to determine the subcellular localization of these proteins in host cells...
July 15, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720487/pdms-b-pmoxa-polymersomes-for-hepatocyte-targeting-and-assessment-of-toxicity
#7
Klara Kiene, Susanne H Schenk, Fabiola Porta, Alexandra Ernst, Dominik Witzigmann, Philip Grossen, Jörg Huwyler
Nanoparticles, such as polymersomes, can be directed to the hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor to achieve targeted drug delivery. In this study, we prepared asialofetuin conjugated polymersomes based on the amphiphilic di-block copolymer poly(dimethylsiloxane)-b-poly(2-methyloxazoline) (PDMS-b-PMOXA). They had an average diameter of 150nm and formed monodisperse vesicles. Drug encapsulation and sustained release was monitored using the hydrophilic model compound carboxyfluorescein. Asialoglycoprotein receptor specific uptake by HepG2 cells in vitro was energy dependent and could be competitively inhibited by the free targeting ligand...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712489/plant-made-virus-like-particles-bearing-influenza-hemagglutinin-ha-recapitulate-early-interactions-of-native-influenza-virions-with-human-monocytes-macrophages
#8
Alexander I Makarkov, Sabrina Chierzi, Stéphane Pillet, Keith K Murai, Nathalie Landry, Brian J Ward
INTRODUCTION: Plant-made virus-like particles (VLP) bearing influenza virus hemagglutinins (HA) are novel vaccine candidates that induce cross-reactive humoral and poly-functional T cell responses. To better understand the mechanisms that underlie this broad immunogenicity we studied early interactions of VLPs bearing either H1 (A/California/07/2009 (H1N1)) or H5 (A/Indonesia/05/2005 (H5N1)) with a human monocytoid cell line (U-937 cells) and human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) as model antigen-presenting cells (APC)...
July 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710434/modifying-dendritic-cell-activation-with-plasmonic-nano-vectors
#9
Kieng Bao Vang, Ingrid Safina, Emilie Darrigues, Dmitry Nedosekin, Zeid A Nima, Waqar Majeed, Fumiya Watanabe, Ganesh Kannarpady, Rajshekhar A Kore, Daniel Casciano, Vladimir P Zharov, Robert J Griffin, Ruud P M Dings, Alexandru S Biris
Dendritic cells (DCs) can acquire, process, and present antigens to T-cells to induce an immune response. For this reason, targeting cancer antigens to DCs in order to cause an immune response against cancer is an emerging area of nanomedicine that has the potential to redefine the way certain cancers are treated. The use of plasmonically active silver-coated gold nanorods (henceforth referred to as plasmonic nano vectors (PNVs)) as potential carriers for DC tumor vaccines has not been presented before. Effective carriers must be able to be phagocytized by DCs, present low toxicity, and induce the maturation of DCs-an early indication of an immune response...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705836/essential-and-selective-role-of-snx12-in-transport-of-endocytic-and-retrograde-cargo
#10
Amulya Priya, Jini Sugatha, Sameena Parveen, Sandra Lacas-Gervais, Prateek Raj, Jérôme Gilleron, Sunando Datta
The endosomal protein sorting machineries play vital roles in diverse physiologically important cellular processes. Much of the core membrane sorting apparatus are conserved in evolution, such as retromer, involved in the recycling of a diverse set of cargoes via retrograde trafficking route. Here, using a RNAi based loss of function study, we identified that SNX12 when suppressed, leads to severe blockage in CIM6PR transport and alters the morphology of the endocytic compartments. We demonstrate that SNX12 is involved in the early phase of CIM6PR transport and mediates receptor recycling upstream of the other well established SNX components of retromer...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704415/c-elegans-sma-10-regulates-bmp-receptor-trafficking
#11
Ryan J Gleason, Mehul Vora, Ying Li, Nanci S Kane, Kelvin Liao, Richard W Padgett
Signal transduction of the conserved transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) family signaling pathway functions through two distinct serine/threonine transmembrane receptors, the type I and type II receptors. Endocytosis orchestrates the assembly of signaling complexes by coordinating the entry of receptors with their downstream signaling mediators. Recently, we showed that the C. elegans type I bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor SMA-6, part of the TGFβ family, is recycled through the retromer complex while the type II receptor, DAF-4 is recycled in a retromer-independent, ARF-6 dependent manner...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697973/traffic-jam-hypothesis-relationship-between-endocytic-dysfunction-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
REVIEW
Nobuyuki Kimura, Katsuhiko Yanagisawa
Membrane trafficking pathways, like the endocytic pathway, carry out fundamental cellular processes that are essential for normal functioning. One such process is regulation of cell surface receptor signaling. A growing body of evidence suggests that β-amyloid protein (Aβ) plays a key role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Cleavage of Aβ from its precursor, β-amyloid precursor protein (APP), occurs through the endocytic pathway in neuronal cells. In early-stage AD, intraneuronal accumulation of abnormally enlarged endosomes is common, indicating that endosome trafficking is disrupted...
July 8, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696827/isolation-of-rab5-positive-endosomes-reveals-a-new-mitochondrial-degradation-pathway-utilized-by-bnip3-and-parkin
#13
Babette C Hammerling, Sarah E Shires, Leonardo J Leon, Melissa Q Cortez, Åsa B Gustafsson
Degradation of mitochondria is an important cellular quality control mechanism mediated by two distinct pathways: one involving Parkin-mediated ubiquitination and the other dependent on mitophagy receptors. It is known that mitochondria are degraded by the autophagy pathway; however, we recently reported that the small GTPase Rab5 and early endosomes also participate in Parkin-mediated mitochondrial clearance. Here, we have developed a protocol to isolate Rab5-positive vesicles from cells for proteomics analysis and provide additional data confirming that mitophagy regulators and mitochondrial proteins are present in these vesicles...
July 11, 2017: Small GTPases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696294/trpm7-senses-oxidative-stress-to-release-zn-2-from-unique-intracellular-vesicles
#14
Sunday A Abiria, Grigory Krapivinsky, Rajan Sah, Ana G Santa-Cruz, Dipayan Chaudhuri, Jin Zhang, Pichet Adstamongkonkul, Paul G DeCaen, David E Clapham
TRPM7 (transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 7) regulates gene expression and stress-induced cytotoxicity and is required in early embryogenesis through organ development. Here, we show that the majority of TRPM7 is localized in abundant intracellular vesicles. These vesicles (M7Vs) are distinct from endosomes, lysosomes, and other familiar vesicles or organelles. M7Vs accumulate Zn(2+) in a glutathione-enriched, reduced lumen when cytosolic Zn(2+) concentrations are elevated. Treatments that increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) trigger TRPM7-dependent Zn(2+) release from the vesicles, whereas reduced glutathione prevents TRPM7-dependent cytosolic Zn(2+) influx...
July 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685122/nano-engineered-skin-mesenchymal-stem-cells-potential-vehicles-for-tumour-targeted-quantum-dot-delivery
#15
Liga Saulite, Dominyka Dapkute, Karlis Pleiko, Ineta Popena, Simona Steponkiene, Ricardas Rotomskis, Una Riekstina
Nanotechnology-based drug design offers new possibilities for the use of nanoparticles in imaging and targeted therapy of tumours. Due to their tumour-homing ability, nano-engineered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could be utilized as vectors to deliver diagnostic and therapeutic nanoparticles into a tumour. In the present study, uptake and functional effects of carboxyl-coated quantum dots QD655 were studied in human skin MSCs. The effect of QD on MSCs was examined using a cell viability assay, Ki67 expression analysis, and tri-lineage differentiation assay...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684042/signal-dependent-transport-of-a-membrane-cargo-from-early-endosomes-to-recycling-endosomes
#16
Ismail S Mahmoud, Jade Louber, Steve K Dower, Anne M Verhagen, Paul A Gleeson
Many membrane cargoes undergo endocytosis and intracellular recycling to the plasma membrane via the early endosomes and the recycling endosomes. However whether specific sorting signals are required for transport from early endosomes to recycling endosomes is not known and the current view is that transport to the recycling endosomes is by a passive default process. Here we show that the cytoplasmic tail of the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) contains discrete signals for endocytosis and for sorting to the recycling endosomes...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676702/extracellular-matrix-promotes-clathrin-dependent-endocytosis-of-prolactin-and-stat5-activation-in-differentiating-mammary-epithelial-cells
#17
Rebecca E Bridgewater, Charles H Streuli, Patrick T Caswell
The hormone prolactin promotes lactational differentiation of mammary epithelial cells (MECs) via its cognate receptor and the downstream JAK2-STAT5a signalling pathway. In turn this regulates transcription of milk protein genes. Prolactin signalling depends on a cross-talk with basement membrane extracellular matrix (ECM) via β1 integrins which activate both ILK and Rac1 and are required for STAT5a activation and lactational differentiation. Endocytosis is an important regulator of signalling. It can both enhance and suppress cytokine signalling, although the role of endocytosis for prolactin signalling is not known...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674946/toxin-transport-by-a-b-type-of-toxins-in-eukaryotic-target-cells-and-its-inhibition-by-positively-charged-heterocyclic-molecules
#18
Roland Benz, Holger Barth
A-B types of toxins are among the most potent bacterial protein toxins produced by gram-positive bacteria. Prominent examples are the tripartite anthrax toxin of Bacillus anthracis and the different A-B type clostridial toxins that are the causative agents of severe human and animal diseases and could serve as biological weapons. The components of all these toxins comprise one binding/transport (B) subunit and one or two separate, non-linked enzymatically active (A) subunits. The A and B subunits are separately produced and secreted by the pathogenic gram-positive bacteria and must assemble on the surface of eukaryotic target cells to form biologically active toxin complexes...
July 4, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671722/restoring-eeaqualibrium-rebalancing-excitation-and-inhibition-in-rett-mouse-model-neurons-with-early-endosome-antigen-1
#19
Kerry R Delaney
Rett syndrome is a neurological disorder resulting from loss of function of MECP2, an X-linked transcription factor, which controls expression of hundreds of genes involved in synapse formation and development by binding primarily to methylated DNA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 3, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668934/a-new-regulator-of-early-endosome-homeostasis
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
keyword
keyword
53309
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"