Read by QxMD icon Read

Ldl-receptor-related protein

Anthony S Wierzbicki, Timothy M Reynolds, Adie Viljoen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A number of novel trials have assessed the efficacy of new lipid-lowering therapies in cardiovascular disease (CVD). RECENT FINDINGS: Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin-9 inhibitors reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by 50-55%. A CVD outcome trial in patients with acute coronary syndromes with evolocumab achieved a LDL-C of 0.8 mmol/l (31 mg/dl) and a 20% relative risk reduction in CVD events in 2.2 years. Cholesterol ester transfer protein inhibitors raise high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and can lower LDL-C...
March 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
Shengjun Wang, Yang Mao, Yoshiki Narimatsu, Zilu Ye, Weihua Tian, Christoffer K Goth, Erandi Lira-Navarrete, Nis Borbye Pedersen, Asier Benito-Vicente, Cesar Martin, Kepa B Uribe, Ramon Hurtado-Guerrero, Christina Christoffersen, Nabil G Seidah, Rikke Nielsen, Erik I Christensen, Lars Hansen, Eric P Bennett, Sergey Y Vakhrushev, Katrine T Schjoldager, Henrik Clausen
The low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and related proteins are important for the transport of diverse biomolecules across cell membranes and barriers. Their functions are especially relevant for cholesterol homeostasis and diseases, including neurodegenerative and kidney disorders. Members of the LDLR-related protein family share LDLR class A (LA) repeats providing binding properties for lipoproteins and other biomolecules. We previously demonstrated that short linker regions between these LA repeats contain conserved O-glycan-sites...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yongming Pan, Jianqin Xu, Cheng Chen, Fangming Chen, Ping Jin, Keyan Zhu, Chenyue W Hu, Mengmeng You, Minli Chen, Fuliang Hu
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia characterized by aggregation of amyloid β (Aβ) and neuronal loss. One of the risk factors for AD is high cholesterol levels, which are known to promote Aβ deposition. Previous studies have shown that royal jelly (RJ), a product of worker bees, has potential neuroprotective effects and can attenuate Aβ toxicity. However, little is known about how RJ regulates Aβ formation and its effects on cholesterol levels and neuronal metabolic activities...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Dan Wei, Ningning Zheng, Lanyan Zheng, Leting Wang, Liang Song, Luning Sun
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a global epidemic that has great socioeconomic and public health implications. This study reports observed effects of the Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SBP) in a rat model of MS and explores its underlying mechanisms of action. Methods: A diet-induced rat model of MS was established according to accepted methods, and the rats were randomly divided into two groups: a control group (0.9% NaCl, 100 mg/kg• d) and a SBP-treated group (SBP, 100 mg/kg• d). Systolic blood pressures, fasting blood glucose (FBS) levels, triglyceride (TG) levels, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, body weights, and abdominal perimeters were dynamically monitored and analyzed...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Romina Mancinelli, Francesca Olivero, Guido Carpino, Diletta Overi, Luigi Rosa, Maria Stefania Lepanto, Antimo Cutone, Antonio Franchitto, Gianfranco Alpini, Paolo Onori, Piera Valenti, Eugenio Gaudio
Human lactoferrin is an iron-binding glycoprotein present at high concentrations in breast milk and colostrum. It is produced by many exocrine glands and widely distributed in a variety of body fluids. This protein has antimicrobial, immunomodulatory, antioxidant, and anticancer properties. Two important hLf receptors have been identified: LDL receptor related protein (LRP1), a low specificity receptor, and intelectin-1 (ITLN1), a high specificity receptor. No data are present on the role of hLf on the biliary epithelium...
March 17, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Alina Fedoseienko, Melinde Wijers, Justina C Wolters, Daphne Dekker, Marieke Smit, Nicolette Huijkman, Niels Kloosterhuis, Helene Klug, Aloys Schepers, Ko Willems van Dijk, Johannes H Levels, Daniel D Billadeau, Marten H Hofker, Jan van Deursen, Marit Westerterp, Ezra Burstein, Jan Albert Kuivenhoven, Bart van de Sluis
<u>Rationale:</u> <u>CO</u> pper<u>M</u>etabolism<u>M</u>URR1 Domain-containing (COMMD) proteins are a part of the COMMD-CCDC22-CCDC93 (CCC) complexes facilitating endosomal trafficking of cell surface receptors. Hepatic COMMD1 inactivation decreases CCDC22 and CCDC93 protein levels, impairs the recycling of the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), and increases plasma LDL cholesterol levels in mice. However, whether any of the other COMMD members function similarly as COMMD1, and whether perturbation in the CCC complex promotes atherogenesis remain unclear...
March 15, 2018: Circulation Research
Qing Mao, Robert Chin, Weiwei Xie, Yuqing Deng, Wenwei Zhang, Huixin Xu, Rebecca Yu Zhang, Quan Shi, Erin E Peters, Natali Gulbahce, Zhenyu Li, Fang Chen, Radoje Drmanac, Brock A Peters
BACKGROUND: Amniocentesis is a common procedure, the primary purpose of which is to collect cells from the fetus to allow testing for abnormal chromosomes, altered chromosomal copy number, or a small number of genes that have small single- to multibase defects. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of generating an accurate whole-genome sequence of a fetus from either the cellular or cell-free DNA (cfDNA) of an amniotic sample. METHODS: cfDNA and DNA isolated from the cell pellet of 31 amniocenteses were sequenced to approximately 50× genome coverage by use of the Complete Genomics nanoarray platform...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
Antoine Abou Jaoude, Lise Badiqué, Mohamed Mlih, Sara Awan, Sunning Guo, Alexandre Lemle, Clauda Abboud, Sophie Foppolo, Lionel Host, Jérôme Terrand, Hélène Justiniano, Joachim Herz, Rachel L Matz, Philippe Boucher
ShcA is an adaptor protein that binds to the cytoplasmic tail of receptor tyrosine kinases and of the Low Density Lipoprotein-related receptor 1 (LRP1), a trans-membrane receptor that protects against atherosclerosis. Here, we examined the role of endothelial ShcA in atherosclerotic lesion formation. We found that atherosclerosis progression was markedly attenuated in mice deleted for ShcA in endothelial cells, that macrophage content was reduced at the sites of lesions, and that adhesion molecules such as the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were severely reduced...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Claus Uhrenholt Christensen, Emilie Glavind, Karen Louise Thomsen, Yong Ook Kim, Sara Heebøll, Detlef Schuppan, Stephen Hamilton-Dutoit, Christian Würtz Heegaard, Henning Grønbæk
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic cholesterol deposition drives inflammation and fibrosis in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The Niemann-Pick type C2 (NPC2) protein plays an important role in regulating intracellular cholesterol trafficking and homeostasis. We hypothesized that intravenous NPC2 supplementation reduces cholesterol accumulation, hepatic inflammation and fibrogenesis in a nutritional NASH rat model. METHODS: Rats were fed a high-fat, high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet for four weeks resulting in moderately severe NASH...
2018: PloS One
Gunnar Poplawski, Tetsuhiro Ishikawa, Coralie Brifault, Corinne Lee-Kubli, Robert Regestam, Kenneth W Henry, Yasuhiro Shiga, HyoJun Kwon, Seiji Ohtori, Steven L Gonias, Wendy M Campana
Sensory neurons in the PNS demonstrate substantial capacity for regeneration following injury. Recent studies have identified changes in the transcriptome of sensory neurons, which are instrumental for axon regeneration. The role of Schwann cells (SCs) in mediating these changes remains undefined. We tested the hypothesis that SCs regulate expression of genes in sensory neurons before and after PNS injury by comparing mice in which LDL Receptor-related Protein-1 (LRP1) is deleted in SCs (scLRP1-/- mice) with wild-type (scLRP1+/+ ) littermates...
March 9, 2018: Glia
Yuichiro Yamada, Yasuo Terauchi, Hirotaka Watada, Yasuhiko Nakatsuka, Kazuhito Shiosakai, Takuo Washio, Takashi Taguchi
INTRODUCTION: G protein-coupled receptor 119 (GPR119) is a promising target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), as both insulin and glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion can be promoted with a single drug. We compared the efficacy and safety of the GPR119 agonist DS-8500a with placebo and sitagliptin 50 mg in Japanese patients with T2DM. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, parallel-group comparison study was conducted in Japan (trial registration NCT02628392, JapicCTI-153068)...
February 27, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Pei Li, Yuzhi Bai, Xia Zhao, Tian Tian, Liying Tang, Jing Ru, Yun An, Jing Wang
Parkin-related mitophagy is vital for endothelial cell viability and the development of atherosclerosis, although the upstream regulatory factor underlying Parkin-mediated mitophagy in endothelial apoptosis and atherosclerosis progression remains unknown. In the present study, we demonstrated that nuclear receptor subfamily 4 group A member 1 (NR4A1) is actually expressed in aortic endothelial cells (AECs) under oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) treatment in vitro or isolated from high-fat treated mice in vivo...
February 22, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Risheng Ye, Ruth Gordillo, Mengle Shao, Toshiharu Onodera, Zhe Chen, Shiuhwei Chen, Xiaoli Lin, Jeffrey A SoRelle, Xiaohong Li, Miao Tang, Mark P Keller, Regina Kuliawat, Alan D Attie, Rana K Gupta, William L Holland, Bruce Beutler, Joachim Herz, Philipp E Scherer
The compensatory proliferation of insulin-producing β cells is critical to maintaining glucose homeostasis at the early stage of type 2 diabetes. Failure of β cells to proliferate results in hyperglycemia and insulin dependence in patients. To understand the effect of the interplay between β cell compensation and lipid metabolism upon obesity and peripheral insulin resistance, we eliminated LDL receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1), a pleiotropic mediator of cholesterol, insulin, energy metabolism, and other cellular processes, in β cells...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Jianghua Ju, Qingxian Huang, Jing Sun, Xiaoyun Zhao, Xiuli Guo, Yongcheng Jin, Wenjie Ma, Wenhui Wang
We investigated the correlation between the methylation levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) in the peripheral blood and atherosclerosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with diabetes mellitus (DM). A total of 50 normal subjects (group N) and 50 NAFLD patients with DM (group M) were selected at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University. The levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in groups N and M were detected...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Chihiro Udagawa, Yasushi Sasaki, Hiroshi Suemizu, Yasuyuki Ohnishi, Hiroshi Ohnishi, Takashi Tokino, Hitoshi Zembutsu
Although there has been progress moving from a 'one-size-fits-all' cytotoxic approach to personalized molecular medicine, the majority of patients with cancer receive chemotherapy using cytotoxic anticancer drugs. The sequencing analysis of 409 genes associated with cancer was conducted in the present study using 59 DNA sequences extracted from human cancer xenografts implanted into nude mice, of which sensitivity to 9 cytotoxic anticancer drugs [5-fluorouracil, nimustine, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, cisplatin, mitomycin C (MMC), methotrexate, vincristine (VCR), and vinblastine] was examined...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Weichun Yang, Ziyi Shen, Sixian Wen, Wei Wang, Minyu Hu
BACKGROUND: Lycopene is a kind of carotenoid, with a strong capacity of antioxidation and regulating the bloodlipid. There has been some evidence that lycopene has protective effects on the central nervous system, but few studies have rigorously explored the role of neurotransmitters in it. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the effects of several neurotransmitters as lycopene exerts anti-injury effects induced by hyperlipidemia. METHODS: Eighty adult SD rats, half male and half female, were randomly divided into eight groups on the basis of serum total cholesterol (TC) levels and body weight...
February 7, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Theodosios D Filippatos, Thalia Panagiotopoulou, Eleftheria Tzavella, Moses S Elisaf
Clinical trials and meta-analyses have shown that statins can dose dependently increase the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus (DM) especially in patients with underlying abnormalities of carbohydrate homeostasis. Mendelian randomization studies support these findings since genetic variants in the gene encoding the target of statins, the enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, are associated with increased incidence of new-onset DM, suggesting that the so-called diabetogenic effect of statins is an "on-target effect" possibly related to their main mechanism of action, that is the increased low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor expression...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Hongyan Wu, Yuan Yang, Zhangxue Hu
AIMS: Lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) is a rare inherited renal disease. Several apolipoprotein E (apoE) mutations have been reported to be related to LPG. Herein, we report a case of a LPG patient with a novel apoE mutation. METHODS: A 45-year-old Chinese female was diagnosed as LPG by renal biopsy. APOE gene was sequenced. Clinical and genetic studies were conducted. RESULTS: The patient presented with nephrotic syndrome and hypertension...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Aline D de Lima, Maria C Guido, Elaine R Tavares, Priscila O Carvalho, Alyne F Marques, Marcelo D T de Melo, Vera M C Salemi, Roberto Kalil-Filho, Raul C Maranhão
Left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction constitutes the structural basis for ventricular dysfunction and heart failure. The characterization underlying the expression of lipoprotein receptors in cardiac dysfunction is scarcely explored. The aim of this study was to analyze the status of lipoprotein receptors on the infarcted and noninfarcted areas of LV and to verify whether nanoparticles that mimic the lipid structure of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and have the ability to bind to LDL receptors (LDE) are taken up more avidly by the noninfarcted LV...
February 2, 2018: Lipids
Lingyun Wang, Joanne E Murphy-Ullrich, Yuhua Song
Cell surface calreticulin (CRT) binding to thrombospondin-1 (TSP1), regulates cell adhesion, migration, anoikis resistance, and collagen production. Due to the essential role of membrane microdomains in CRT-mediated focal adhesion disassembly, we previously studied the effect of raft-like bilayers on TSP1-CRT interactions with all-atom molecular dynamics (AAMD) simulations. However, the simulated systems of protein on the surface of the bilayer(s) in the explicit solvent are too large for long time scale AAMD simulations due to computational expense...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"