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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432994/assessment-of-temporal-variation-for-the-risk-of-particulate-matters-on-asthma-hospitalization
#1
Hyomi Kim, Honghyok Kim, Yoon-Hyung Park, Jong-Tae Lee
Increased ambient concentration of particulate matters are considered as one of major causes for increased prevalence or exacerbation of asthma or asthma like symptoms. Recently, possible temporal variation in risks of PM on mortality has been suggested. We investigated short-term effect of both PM10 and PM2.5 on asthma hospitalization, and assessed temporal variation of PM risks in Seoul, Korea, 2003-2011. Generalized additive model was used to estimate PM risks on asthma hospitalization with consideration by long-term trend, influenza epidemic, day of week, meteorological factors...
April 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432743/global-and-local-visual-processing-in-autism-an-objective-assessment-approach
#2
Kritika Nayar, Angela C Voyles, Lynne Kiorpes, Adriana Di Martino
We examined global and local visual processing in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) via a match-to-sample task using Kanizsa illusory contours (KIC). School-aged children with ASD (n = 28) and age-matched typically developing controls (n = 22; 7-13 years) performed a sequential match-to-sample between a solid shape (sample) and two illusory alternatives. We tracked eye gaze and behavioral performance in two task conditions: one with and one without local interference from background noise elements. While analyses revealed lower accuracy and longer reaction time in ASD in the condition with local interference only, eye tracking robustly captured ASD-related global atypicalities across both conditions...
April 22, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432722/efforts-to-redefine-endometriosis-prevalence-in-low-risk-patients
#3
Linnea R Goodman, Jason M Franasiak
Endometriosis has significant implications on patient health and well-being, particularly when it comes to pelvic pain and infertility. However, the true epidemiologic state of the disease has remained elusive. Many of the foundational studies characterize surgically confirmed endometriosis in highly selected patient populations. It has been hypothesized that the prevalence of endometriosis is approximately 10% (Vigano et al, Best Practices and Research in Clinical OB/GYN, 2004, 18(2):177-200) of reproductive aged women and may reach rates of 30-50% in symptomatic women...
April 22, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432687/impact-of-caring-for-patients-with-severe-and-complex-disabilities-on-health-care-workers-quality-of-life-determinants-and-specificities
#4
Marie-Christine Rousseau, Karine Baumstarck, Tanguy Leroy, Cherazad Khaldi-Cherif, Catherine Brisse, Laurent Boyer, Noémie Resseguier, Claire Morando, Thierry Billette De Villemeur, Pascal Auquier
AIM: Individuals with severe and complex disabilities, defined by a combination of profound intellectual impairment and serious motor deficit resulting in extreme dependence, often remain in hospital or at residential facilities. The aim of this study was to identify the determinants of quality of life (QoL) of 238 health care workers (HCWs) caring for individuals with severe and complex disabilities. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional study. The recruitment of the HCWs was performed in five French centres specializing in patients with severe and complex disabilities...
April 22, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432676/bifidobacterium-adolescentis-dsm-20083-and-lactobacillus-casei-lafti-l26-dsl-probiotics-able-to-block-the-in-vitro-adherence-of-rotavirus-in-ma104-cells
#5
Karem Prunella Fernandez-Duarte, Nury Nathalia Olaya-Galán, Sandra Patricia Salas-Cárdenas, Jazmin Lopez-Rozo, Maria Fernanda Gutierrez-Fernandez
Rotavirus is the leading worldwide cause of gastroenteritis in children under five years of age. Even though there are some available vaccines to prevent the disease, there are limited strategies for challenging diarrhea induced by rotavirus infection. For this reason, researchers are constantly searching for other approaches to control diarrhea by means of probiotics. In order to demonstrate the ability of some probiotic bacteria to interfere with the in vitro rotavirus infection in MA104 cells, strains of Lactobacillus sp...
April 21, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432593/talking-about-breast-cancer-which-symptoms-and-treatment-side-effects-are-important-to-patients-with-advanced-disease
#6
Anna Niklasson, Jean Paty, Anna Rydén
BACKGROUND: Patients' experience of symptoms and associated treatment is an increasingly important consideration in both regulatory and health technology assessments, and can inform treatment decisions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to gain insight directly from patients with advanced breast cancer about which symptoms and treatment side effects are important to them. METHODS: Women with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer were interviewed individually by trained interviewers, using a semi-structured interview guide...
April 21, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432402/predictors-of-missed-appointments-in-patients-referred-for-congenital-or-pediatric-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#7
Jimmy C Lu, Ray Lowery, Sunkyung Yu, Maryam Ghadimi Mahani, Prachi P Agarwal, Adam L Dorfman
BACKGROUND: Congenital cardiac magnetic resonance is a limited resource because of scanner and physician availability. Missed appointments decrease scheduling efficiency, have financial implications and represent missed care opportunities. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the rate of missed appointments and identify modifiable predictors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included all patients with outpatient congenital or pediatric cardiac MR appointments from Jan...
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432371/impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-occupational-health-outcomes-in-canada
#8
Anson Kc Li, Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that diabetes mellitus (DM) has a negative impact on employment and workplace injury, but there is little data within the Canadian context. OBJECTIVE: To determine if DM has an impact on various occupational health outcomes using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). METHODS: CCHS data between 2001 and 2014 were used to assess the relationships between DM and various occupational health outcomes. The final sample size for the 14-year study period was 505 606, which represented 159 432 239 employed Canadians aged 15-75 years during this period...
April 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432211/recruiting-and-retaining-youth-and-young-adults-challenges-and-opportunities-in-survey-research-for-tobacco-control
#9
Jennifer Cantrell, Elizabeth C Hair, Alexandria Smith, Morgane Bennett, Jessica Miller Rath, Randall K Thomas, Mansour Fahimi, J Michael Dennis, Donna Vallone
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation studies of population-based tobacco control interventions often rely on large-scale survey data from numerous respondents across many geographic areas to provide evidence of their effectiveness. Significant challenges for survey research have emerged with the evolving communications landscape, particularly for surveying hard-to-reach populations such as youth and young adults. This study combines the comprehensive coverage of an address-based sampling (ABS) frame with the timeliness of online data collection to develop a nationally representative longitudinal cohort of young people aged 15-21...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432210/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-complex-intervention-to-reduce-children-s-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-in-the-home
#10
Elena Ratschen, Rebecca Thorley, Laura Jones, Magdalena Opazo Breton, Juliette Cook, Ann McNeill, John Britton, Tim Coleman, Sarah Lewis
OBJECTIVES: Exposing children to secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) causes significant harm and occurs predominantly through smoking by caregivers in the family home. We report a trial of a complex intervention designed to reduce secondhand smoke exposure of children whose primary caregiver feels unable or unwilling to quit smoking. DESIGN: An open-label, parallel, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Deprived communities in Nottingham City and County, England PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers resident in Nottingham City and County in England who were at least 18 years old, the main caregiver of a child aged under 5 years living in their household, and reported that they were smoking tobacco inside their home...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432074/incidence-of-first-stroke-in-pregnant-and-nonpregnant-women-of-childbearing-age-a-population-based-cohort-study-from-england
#11
Lu Ban, Nikola Sprigg, Alyshah Abdul Sultan, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Philip M Bath, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Olof Stephansson, Laila J Tata
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women may have an increased risk of stroke compared with nonpregnant women of similar age, but the magnitude and the timing of such risk are unclear. We examined the risk of a first stroke event in women of childbearing age and compared the risk during pregnancy and in the early postpartum period with the background risk outside these periods. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted an open cohort study of 2 046 048 women aged 15 to 49 years between April 1, 1997, and March 31, 2014, using linked primary (Clinical Practice Research Datalink) and secondary (Hospital Episode Statistics) care records in England...
April 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431973/understanding-the-relationship-of-cigarette-smoking-trajectories-through-adolescence-and-weight-status-in-young-adulthood-in-the-united-states
#12
Minal Patel, Annette Kaufman, Yvonne Hunt, Linda Nebeling
PURPOSE: Adolescent cigarette smoking has steadily declined since 1999, whereas adolescent obesity rates have quadrupled since the 1980s. Few studies address the longitudinal relationship of smoking and weight in youth and young adulthood. This study examines the relationship of smoking trajectories beginning in adolescence on weight status in young adulthood in a nationally representative longitudinal sample. METHODS: The study sample was drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health Waves I-IV (N = 13,361)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431908/implementation-of-a-person-centered-medical-care-model-in-a-skilled-nursing-facility-a-pilot-evaluation
#13
Kathleen Abrahamson, Jaclyn Myers, Arif Nazir
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of implementing a person-centered medical care model for post-acute care residents within a skilled nursing facility (SNF). DESIGN: A mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) pilot evaluation. SETTING: An 89-bed SNF located within a large midwestern city. PARTICIPANTS: Forty SNF post-acute patients admitted to the facility during a 6-month period were enrolled in the pilot evaluation...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431761/-dependent-relative-effects-on-family-health
#14
M Eugenia Estrada Fernández, Ana I Gil Lacruz, Marta Gil Lacruz, Antonio Viñas López
OBJETIVES: The purpose of this work is to analyse the effects on informal caregiver's health and lifestyle when living with a dependent person at home. A comparison will be made between this situation and other situations involving commitment of time and energy, taking into account gender and age differences in each stage of the life cycle. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study analysing secondary data. SETTING: The method used for collecting information is the computer assisted personal interview carried out in selected homes by the Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality...
April 18, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431608/relationship-between-serum-uric-acid-and-ischemic-stroke-in-a-large-type-2-diabetes-population-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Lijun Wang, Wei Hu, Dandan Miao, Qin Zhang, Chuang Wang, Enchun Pan, Ming Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of serum UA and ischemic stroke in type 2 diabetes patients in China. METHOD: We examined the above relationship using the data of the project "Comprehensive Research on the Prevention and Control of the Diabetes" (CRPCD) study. A total of 19,442 participants were enrolled in the cross-sectional study. The enrolled participants were divided into quintiles of the serum UA levels with cut off values for two age groups (<60 versus ≥60years)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431532/residents-satisfaction-with-primary-medical-and-health-services-in-western-china
#16
Weinan Dong, Qingyu Zhang, Chunsheng Yan, Wanling Fu, Linlin Xu
BACKGROUND: Currently, China is in the process of medical and health care reform, and the establishment of primary medical and health services covering urban and rural residents is an important aspect of this process. Studying the satisfaction of residents of underdeveloped areas with their primary medical and health services and identifying the factors that can increase the satisfaction of different groups may improve patient compliance and ultimately improve health. Moreover, such research may provide a reference for the development of medical and health undertakings in similarly underdeveloped areas...
April 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431511/validation-of-the-short-version-of-the-10-66-dementia-diagnosis-in-multiethnic-asian-older-adults-in-singapore
#17
Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Louisa Picco, Boon Yiang Chua, Martin Prince, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: To validate the short version of the 10/66 dementia diagnosis against the standard version of the 10/66 dementia diagnosis and clinical diagnosis and examine concurrent validity with the World Health Organisation Disability Assessment schedule and care needs in a multiethnic Asian older adult population in Singapore. METHODS: Data from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study, a nationally representative survey of the older Singapore Resident population aged 60 years and above was used...
April 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431488/core-vocabulary-of-young-children-with-down-syndrome
#18
Stijn R J M Deckers, Yvonne Van Zaalen, Hans Van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
The aim of this study was to develop a core vocabulary list for young children with intellectual disabilities between 2 and 7 years of age because data from this population are lacking in core vocabulary literature. Children with Down syndrome are considered one of the most valid reference groups for researching developmental patterns in children with intellectual disabilities; therefore, spontaneous language samples of 30 Dutch children with Down syndrome were collected during three different activities with multiple communication partners (free play with parents, lunch- or snack-time at home or at school, and speech therapy sessions)...
June 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431480/predictive-and-prognostic-factors-associated-with-soft-tissue-sarcoma-response-to-chemotherapy-a-subgroup-analysis-of-the-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-62012-study
#19
Robin J Young, Saskia Litière, Michela Lia, Pancras C W Hogendoorn, Cyril Fisher, Gunhild Mechtersheimer, Søren Daugaard, Raf Sciot, Françoise Collin, Christina Messiou, Viktor Grünwald, Alessandro Gronchi, Winette van der Graaf, Eva Wardelmann, Ian Judson
BACKGROUND: The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 62012 study was a Phase III trial of doxorubicin versus doxorubicin-ifosfamide chemotherapy in 455 patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Analysis of the main study showed that combination chemotherapy improved tumor response and progression-free survival, but differences in overall survival (OS) were not statistically significant. We analyzed factors prognostic for tumor response and OS, and assessed histological subgroup and tumor grade as predictive factors to identify patients more likely to benefit from combination chemotherapy...
April 21, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431345/insights-into-targeting-young-male-drivers-with-anti-speeding-advertising-an-application-of-the-step-approach-to-message-design-and-testing-satmdt
#20
I Lewis, K M White, B Ho, B Elliott, B Watson
In Australia, young drivers aged 17-25 years comprise 13% of the population yet account for 22% of all road deaths with young males over-represented in such trauma. Speeding represents a major contributing factor and advertising campaigns have long focused on promoting anti-speeding messages in the effort to reduce drivers' speeds. Positioned within a larger program of research aimed at developing, piloting, and evaluating a range of theoretically-informed anti-speeding messages, the current study reports results relating to the final phase of the research, the evaluation...
April 18, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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