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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231631/commentary-response-frailty-not-just-about-old-people-reply-to-smith-gd-kydd-a-2017-getting-care-of-older-people-right-the-need-for-appropriate-frailty-assessment
#1
Sunita R Jha, Julee Mcdonagh, Caleb Ferguson, Peter S Macdonald, Phillip J Newton
As highlighted in a recent editorial, the ageing population and burden of frailty amongst those aged 60 years and older represents an impending challenge for individuals and health care systems globally (Smith & Kydd 2017). As frailty is largely considered a geriatric syndrome, research has primarily occurred within elderly community dwelling populations (Fried et al. 2001). However, it is important to highlight that not all older people are frail; and conversely not all younger people are non-frail. With frailty research expanding its scope beyond geriatrics over the last 2 decades, our understanding of this syndrome and its complexities has progressed...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231627/factors-predicting-recovery-from-suicide-in-attempted-suicide-patients
#2
Fan-Ko Sun, Chu-Yun Lu, Yun Shan Tseng, Chun-Ying Chiang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the factors predicting suicide recovery and to provide guidance for healthcare professionals when caring for individuals who have attempted suicide. BACKGROUND: The high rate of suicide is a global health problem. Suicide prevention has become an important issue in contemporary mental health. Most suicide research has focused on suicidal prevention and care. There is a lack of research on the factors predicting suicidal recovery DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was adopted...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231614/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-coping-strategies-in-mothers-and-fathers-following-infant-hospitalization-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#3
Anna Aftyka, Beata Rybojad, Wojciech Rosa, Aleksandra Wróbel, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz
OBJECTIVE: The development of Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) has increased the survival rate of infants. However, one of the major parental problems is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to identify the potential risk factors for the development of PTSD in mothers and fathers following infant hospitalization in the NICU. DESIGN: An observational study covered 125 parents (72 mothers and 53 fathers) of infants aged three to 12 months who were hospitalized in the NICU during the neonatal period...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231484/exploratory-investigation-of-theoretical-predictors-of-nomophobia-using-the-mobile-phone-involvement-questionnaire-mpiq
#4
Lidia Argumosa-Villar, Joan Boada-Grau, Andreu Vigil-Colet
Despite the advantages that the development of new technologies has brought to our lives, it is also true that the problematic use of technology can have negative effects on some people, as the prevalence of nomophobia, defined as the fear and anxiety of being unreachable via one's mobile phone. While some authors are beginning to study the relationship of nomophobia with variables such as age, no investigation has yet been carried out into psychological variables. Our study contributes to the literature by looking at personality, self-esteem, gender and age as predictors of nomophobia, evaluated by the Mobile Phone Involvement Questionnaire (MPIQ)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231395/functional-connectivity-in-amygdalar-sensory-pre-motor-networks-at-rest-new-evidence-from-the-human-connectome-project
#5
Nicola Toschi, Andrea Duggento, Luca Passamonti
The word "e-motion" derives from the Latin word "ex-moveo" which literally means "moving away from something / somebody". Emotions are thus fundamental to prime action and goal-directed behavior with obvious implications for individual's survival. However, the brain mechanisms underlying the interactions between emotional and motor cortical systems remain poorly understood. A recent diffusion tensor imaging study in humans has reported the existence of direct anatomical connections between the amygdala and sensory/(pre)motor cortices, corroborating an initial observation in animal research...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231265/resist-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial-for-resistance-training-maintenance-in-adults-with-prediabetes
#6
Brenda M Davy, Richard A Winett, Jyoti Savla, Elaina L Marinik, Mary Elizabeth Baugh, Kyle D Flack, Tanya M Halliday, Sarah A Kelleher, Sheila G Winett, David M Williams, Soheir Boshra
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a social cognitive theory (SCT)-based intervention improves resistance training (RT) maintenance and strength, and reduces prediabetes prevalence. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Sedentary, overweight/obese (BMI: 25-39.9 kg/m2) adults aged 50-69 (N = 170) with prediabetes participated in the 15-month trial. Participants completed a supervised 3-month RT (2×/wk) phase and were randomly assigned (N = 159) to one of two 6-month maintenance conditions: SCT or standard care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231135/changes-in-food-intake-in-australia-comparing-the-1995-and-2011-national-nutrition-survey-results-disaggregated-into-basic-foods
#7
Bradley Ridoutt, Danielle Baird, Kathryn Bastiaans, Gilly Hendrie, Malcolm Riley, Peerasak Sanguansri, Julie Syrette, Manny Noakes
As nations seek to address obesity and diet-related chronic disease, understanding shifts in food intake over time is an imperative. However, quantifying intake of basic foods is not straightforward because of the diversity of raw and cooked wholefoods, processed foods and mixed dishes actually consumed. In this study, data from the Australian national nutrition surveys of 1995 and 2011, each involving more than 12,000 individuals and covering more than 4500 separate foods, were coherently disaggregated into basic foods, with cooking and processing factors applied where necessary...
May 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231067/the-association-of-peripubertal-serum-concentrations-of-organochlorine-chemicals-and-blood-lead-with-growth-and-pubertal-development-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-boys-a-review-of-published-results-from-the-russian-children-s-study
#8
Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S Burns, Paige L Williams, Susan A Korrick, Mary M Lee, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser
Organochlorine chemicals and lead are environmental exposures that have endocrine disrupting properties (EDCs) which interfere with many aspects of hormone action. Childhood and adolescence are windows of susceptibility for adverse health effects of EDCs. Our ongoing study, the Russian Children's Study (RCS), is one of the few longitudinal studies investigating the impact of EDCs on growth and puberty in boys. It is conducted in the historically contaminated city of Chapaevsk, in the Samara region. The study focuses on evaluating the associations of persistent organochlorine chemicals and lead with growth and pubertal timing...
February 23, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230893/the-effect-of-body-mass-on-outdoor-adult-human-decomposition
#9
Lindsey G Roberts, Jessica R Spencer, Gretchen R Dabbs
Forensic taphonomy explores factors impacting human decomposition. This study investigated the effect of body mass on the rate and pattern of adult human decomposition. Nine males and three females aged 49-95 years ranging in mass from 73 to 159 kg who were donated to the Complex for Forensic Anthropology Research between December 2012 and September 2015 were included in this study. Kelvin accumulated degree days (KADD) were used to assess the thermal energy required for subjects to reach several total body score (TBS) thresholds: early decomposition (TBS ≥6...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230828/chromosomal-mutagenesis-in-human-somatic-cells-30-year-cytogenetic-monitoring-after-chornobyl-accident
#10
M A Pilinska, G M Shemetun, O V Shemetun, S S Dybsky, O B Dybska, O O Talan, L R Pedan, D А Kurinnyi
In the lecture we have generalized and analyzed the data of cytogenetic laboratory of National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine on 30-year selective cytogenetic monitoring among the priority contingents of different ages exposed to radiation after Chornobyl accident in Ukraine. It is highlighted that not only targeted but also untargeted radiation-induced cytogenetic effects should be explored, especially in delayed terms following radiation exposure...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230818/post-chornobyl-remote-radiation-effects-on-human-sperm-and-seminal-plasma-characteristics
#11
S V Andreychenko, A V Klepko, L V Gorban, O A Motryna, L V Grubska, O V Trofimenko
AIM: The research was aimed on analysis of the remote consequences of Chornobyl accident on the reproductive function of men adult residing in Ukraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 232 male volunteers with mean age of 34 years (range 20-47) from 5 different regions of Ukraine (Zhytomyr, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kyiv, Poltava, and Kyiv city) were enrolled in cross-sectional studies of long term radiation effects on seminal plasma and sperm. All manipulations, analysis and classification of ejaculates were done accordingly to WHO recommendations...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230730/physical-activity-a-viable-way-to-reduce-the-risks-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-alzheimer-s-disease-and-vascular-dementia-in-older-adults
#12
REVIEW
Patrick J Gallaway, Hiroji Miyake, Maciej S Buchowski, Mieko Shimada, Yutaka Yoshitake, Angela S Kim, Nobuko Hongu
A recent alarming rise of neurodegenerative diseases in the developed world is one of the major medical issues affecting older adults. In this review, we provide information about the associations of physical activity (PA) with major age-related neurodegenerative diseases and syndromes, including Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, and mild cognitive impairment. We also provide evidence of PA's role in reducing the risks of these diseases and helping to improve cognitive outcomes in older adults. Finally, we describe some potential mechanisms by which this protective effect occurs, providing guidelines for future research...
February 20, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230458/progression-to-type-2-diabetes-and-its-effect-on-health-care-costs-in-low-income-and-insured-patients-with-prediabetes-a-retrospective-study-using-medicaid-claims-data
#13
Jun Wu, Eileen Ward, Tiffaney Threatt, Z Kevin Lu
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is a high-risk factor for progression to diabetes. Without lifestyle changes, such as weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15%-30% of people with prediabetes are projected to develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years. Progression to diabetes increases the financial burden significantly for patients and health care systems. Populations with low socioeconomic status are associated with a higher risk of diabetes. However, knowledge is limited about the effect of transition to diabetes on future costs incurred in low-income populations...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230456/off-label-prescribing-for-children-with-migraines-in-u-s-ambulatory-care-settings
#14
L Leanne Lai, Leroy Koh, Jane Ai-Chen Ho, Alexander Ting, Augustine Obi
BACKGROUND: Migraines, Which Affect About 10% Of School-Age Children In The United States, Can Significantly Impair Quality Of Life. Despite Potential Disability, Many Children Do Not Receive Treatment Or Prophylaxis, Since Medications Specifically Approved For Children Are Significantly Less Than For Adults. There Is Also Controversy Surrounding The Apparent Widespread Practice Of Prescribing Off-Label Medications For Children With Migraines. However, Little Research Has Been Done To Identify Physician-Prescribing Patterns Of Migraine Medication For Children...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230454/adherence-persistence-and-health-care-costs-for-patients-receiving-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors
#15
Karen L Rascati, Karen Worley, Yunus Meah, Damian Everhart
BACKGROUND: The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are among the newer, yet more established, classes of diabetes medications. OBJECTIVE: To compare adherence, persistence, and health care costs among patients taking DPP-4 inhibitors. METHODS: Claims were extracted from Humana Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug (MAPD) or commercial plans for patients aged > 18 years with ≥ 1 prescription filled for a DPP-4 inhibitor between July 1, 2011, and March 31, 2013...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230449/real-world-glycemic-control-from-glp-1ra-therapy-with-and-without-concurrent-insulin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Mukul Singhal, Sudhir Unni, Marisa Schauerhamer, Hiep Nguyen, Jeff Hurd, Carrie McAdam-Marx
BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) are recommended as add-on therapy in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes (T2D), with no specific guidance as to timing versus insulin. Furthermore, real-world data assessing GLP-1RA outcomes with or without concurrent insulin therapy are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To identify glycemic response with GLP-1RAs by insulin use in patients with T2D at 1-year follow-up to inform decisions regarding GLP-1RA use with or without insulin...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230445/benchmarking-insulin-treatment-persistence-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-across-different-u-s-payer-segments
#17
Wenhui Wei, Jenny Jiang, Youbei Lou, Sohini Ganguli, Mark S Matusik
BACKGROUND: Treatment persistence with basal insulins is crucial to achieving sustained glycemic control, which is associated with a reduced risk of microvascular disease and other complications of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, studies suggest that persistence with basal insulin treatment is often poor. OBJECTIVE: To measure and benchmark real-world basal insulin treatment persistence among patients with T2D across different payer segments in the United States...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230420/age-related-effects-on-memory-for-social-stimuli-the-role-of-valence-arousal-and-emotional-responses
#18
Thomas M Hess, Lauren E Popham, Claire M Growney
: Background/Study Context: Previous research (Hess et al., 2013, Psychology and Aging, 28, 853-863) suggested that age-based positivity effects in memory were attenuated with social stimuli. This research examined the degree to which this generalized across arousal levels associated with social images. Variations in approach and avoidance responses to individual images were also examined, along with age differences in their relationship to memory performance. METHODS: In Experiment 1, young (22-43 years) and older (65-85 years) adults recalled positive and negative social scenes that were high or low in arousal...
March 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230417/aging-and-half-ironman-performance
#19
M J Stones, Adric Hartin
: Background/Study Context: Previous research on triathlon performance analyzed age trends for the Top Ten or Top Five finishers in world championship or national races at Olympic, Half-Ironman, and Ironman distances. The findings indicated higher age declines and/or earlier onset of decline in swimming and running than cycling. However, the designs of those studies took no account of possible differences between cross-sectional and longitudinal trends (i.e., cohort differences versus age changes)...
March 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230406/test-retest-reliability-of-the-facial-expression-labeling-task
#20
Jennifer L Cecilione, Lance M Rappaport, Brad Verhulst, Dever M Carney, R J R Blair, Melissa A Brotman, Ellen Leibenluft, Daniel S Pine, Roxann Roberson-Nay, John M Hettema
Recognizing others' emotional expressions is vital for socioemotional development; impairments in this ability occur in several psychiatric disorders. Further study is needed to map the development of this ability and to evaluate its components as potential transdiagnostic endophenotypes. Before doing so, however, research is required to substantiate the test-retest reliability of scores of the face emotion identification tasks linked to developmental psychopathology. The current study estimated test-retest reliability of scores of one such task, the facial expression labeling task (FELT) among a sample of twin children (N = 157; ages 9-14)...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
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