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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646806/potential-of-probiotics-in-hypercholesterolemia-a-review-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-findings
#1
Smriti Sharma, Seema Puri, Anura V Kurpad
Context • Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major public health problem in developing and developed countries. Elevated cholesterol levels, especially low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and the emergence of CHD, have been positively correlated in many clinical and epidemiological studies. The health benefits of probiotics have received a great deal of attention, including their blood cholesterol-lowering effects on humans. Objective • The research team intended to determine the current state of research examining the effects of various probiotic strains on lipid profiles, including measures in serum of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646802/dampness-can-promote-the-influenza-a-virus-and-worsen-its-prognosis-by-upregulating-the-tlr7-signaling-pathway
#2
Deng Li, Xu Huachong, Pang Peng, Zheng Ke, Nie Jiao, Wu Xianlin, Yu Bin, Chen Jia, Chen Xiaoyin
Context • Outbreaks of the influenza A virus (IAV) are increasingly recognized as a global public health issue, affecting a large proportion of the world's population. A number of studies have provided epidemiologic evidence that dampness and mold are consistently associated with multiple allergic and respiratory effects, but they focused on dampness-related pathogenic microorganisms leading to allergy rather than the dampness itself. Objective • The current study intended to examine the effects of a damp environment on the promotion of the IAV and determine the adverse effects on its prognosis through upregulation of the toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7)-signaling pathway in the lung...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646722/radiation-therapy-utilization-and-outcomes-for-older-women-with-breast-cancer-impact-of-molecular-subtype-and-tumor-grade
#3
Waqar Haque, Denley Ming Kee Yuan, Vivek Verma, E Brian Butler, Bin S Teh, Lee Wiederhold, Sandra Hatch
BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy (RT) utilization for elderly women with respect to human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptor status has not been evaluated. Our purpose was to determine differences in RT utilization and breast cancer specific survival (BCSS) for elderly breast cancer patients with distinct molecular biomarkers. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was queried for women ≥70 years of age diagnosed with T1N0M0 breast cancer between 2010 and 2013 receiving breast conservation...
June 21, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646697/seroepidemiology-of-whooping-cough-in-the-czech-republic-estimates-of-incidence-of-infection-in-adults
#4
R Chlibek, J Smetana, R Sosovickova, K Fabianova, J Zavadilova, P Dite, P Gal, P Naplava, D Lzicarova
OBJECTIVES: Despite widespread vaccination programmes, pertussis remains a significant health burden in many countries. Low awareness of the disease, the high rate of asymptomatic cases in adults and difficulties with diagnosis could explain the under-reporting of pertussis. The lack of data on actual incidence constitutes an obstacle for public health authorities for the implementation of a vaccination strategy against pertussis in adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate the seroprevalence of antibodies against Bordetella pertussis infection in adults and to estimate the actual incidence of the disease compared with the reported incidence...
June 21, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646689/association-between-maternal-urinary-chromium-and-premature-rupture-of-membranes-in-the-healthy-baby-cohort-study-in-china
#5
Sha Huang, Wei Xia, Yuanyuan Li, Bin Zhang, Aifen Zhou, Tongzhang Zheng, Zhengmin Qian, Zheng Huang, Shi Lu, Zhong Chen, Youjie Wang, Xinyun Pan, Wenqian Huo, Shuna Jin, Yangqian Jiang, Shunqing Xu
Chromium exposure from increasing industrial releases has become a threat for pregnant women due to the potential health effects on vulnerable embryos. Previous studies have suggested that maternal chromium exposure is associated with adverse birth outcomes, but no epidemiological research has been conducted to examine the relationship between chromium exposure and premature rupture of membranes (PROM). This study aimed at investigating the association of maternal urinary chromium exposure levels with PROM and was performed with 5408 pregnant women recruited from 2012 to 2014 in the city of Wuhan, China...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646667/prevalence-and-characterization-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-esbl-and-ampc-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-fresh-pork-meat-at-processing-level-in-germany
#6
Franziska Schill, Amir Abdulmawjood, Günter Klein, Felix Reich
ESBL or AmpC β-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae is an increasing concern in human medicine. A distribution via the food chain is discussed, but less is known about these bacteria on fresh pork meat. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ESBL/AmpC Enterobacteriaceae bacteria in fresh pork meat at processing level in Germany. The analysis comprised microbiological hygiene parameters and further pheno- and genotypical characterization of ESBL/AmpC isolates. The examination included three pools of meat and one corresponding meat juice sample from each of the tested pork meat batches (n=63)...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646619/early-insights-into-zika-s-microcephaly-physiopathology-from-the-epicentre-of-the-outbreak-teratogenic-apoptosis-on-the-central-nervous-system
#7
Patricia Jungmann, Pedro Pires, Edward Araujo
Foetal infection by the Zika virus has been implicated in the exceptional rise in the number of mycrocephalic newborns recorded by the end of 2015 in Brazil. The mechanism by which this teratogenic effect is produced in the developing brain has not been entirely established. Very early in the outbreak, we addressed this question by evaluating available initial data from a gestational and post-natal clinical investigation in the Brazilian state of Pernambuco. The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that the subtractive dysmorphic brain malformations observed in Zika's microcephaly are primarily due to the massive induction of apoptosis of neuroprogenitor cells...
June 24, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646615/definition-of-healthcare-associated-influenza-a-review-and-results-from-an-international-survey
#8
Elodie Munier-Marion, Thomas Bénet, Philippe Vanhems
AIM: To describe definitions of healthcare-associated influenza (HAI) in recent literature and in hospitals participating in a survey of Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) Research Network (SRN) members. METHOD: A review with PubMed search was undertaken to retrieve articles published between 2008 and 2016, focusing on the subject headings "influenza, human" and "cross infection". Definitions of clinical influenza-like illness (ILI) and HAI were identified...
June 24, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646609/validation-of-psoriasis-severity-classification-based-on-use-of-topical-or-systemic-treatment
#9
Alexander Egeberg, Mette Gyldenløve, Claus Zachariae, Lone Skov
In recent years, population-based studies have reported a considerable burden of disease among patients with psoriasis. Cumulative epidemiological data suggests that patients with psoriasis have an increased incidence and prevalence of cardio-metabolic comorbidities and a disease-severity dependent relationship is often reported. An accepted classification system is the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), where one proposed categorization suggests that a score of less than 7 as mild, a score between 7 and 12 is moderate, and a score greater than 12 is consistent with severe psoriasis...
June 24, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646586/vaccine-candidate-discovery-for-the-next-generation-of-malaria-vaccines
#10
REVIEW
James Tuju, Gathoni Kamuyu, Linda M Murungi, Faith H A Osier
Although epidemiological observations, IgG passive transfer studies and experimental infections in humans all support the feasibility of developing highly effective malaria vaccines, the precise antigens that induce protective immunity remain uncertain. Here, we review the methodologies applied to vaccine candidate discovery for Plasmodium falciparum malaria from the pre- to post- genomic era. Probing of genomic and/or cDNA libraries with antibodies of defined specificities or functional activity predominated the former, while reverse vaccinology encompassing high throughput in silico analyses of genomic, transcriptomic or proteomic parasite datasets is the mainstay of the latter...
June 24, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646559/pandemic-h1n1-2009-influenza-a-virus-infection-associated-with-respiratory-signs-in-sloth-bears-melursus-ursinus
#11
N C Boedeker, M I Nelson, M L Killian, M K Torchetti, T Barthel, S Murray
In 2009, a pandemic influenza A virus (pH1N1) spread globally in humans and infected a broad range of captive animals with close human contact. In February 2014, a pH1N1 virus was isolated from a sloth bear with respiratory signs at a US zoo, demonstrating that recurring epidemics present an ongoing threat to animals, including threatened species. This is the first report of pH1N1 infection in sloth bears. To understand the sloth bear virus within the global context of pH1N1, phylogenetic trees were inferred including full-length sequences from available non-human, non-swine hosts, representing four families in the order Carnivora and one order of birds...
June 23, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646382/high-incidence-of-acute-and-recurrent-patellar-dislocations-a-retrospective-nationwide-epidemiological-study-involving-24-154-primary-dislocations
#12
Kasper Skriver Gravesen, Thomas Kallemose, Lars Blønd, Anders Troelsen, Kristoffer Weisskirchner Barfod
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the Danish population as a whole from 1994 to 2013 to find the incidence of acute and recurrent patellar dislocation. METHODS: The study was performed as a descriptive epidemiological study. The Danish National Patient Registry was retrospectively searched from 1994 to 2013 to find the number of acute and recurrent patellar dislocation. National population data were collected from Statistics Denmark. RESULTS: The period 1994-2013 saw a total registration of 24,154 primary patellar dislocations...
June 23, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646354/associations-between-race-and-eating-disorder-symptom-trajectories-in-black-and-white-girls
#13
Lindsay P Bodell, Jennifer E Wildes, Yu Cheng, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Kate Keenan, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
Epidemiological research suggests racial differences in the presentation of eating disorder symptoms. However, no studies have examined associations between race and eating disorder symptom trajectories across youth and adolescence, which is necessary to inform culturally sensitive prevention programs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the trajectories of eating disorder symptoms from childhood to young adulthood and to examine whether race was associated with trajectory group membership. Data were drawn from 2,305 Black and White girls who participated in a community-based longitudinal cohort study (Pittsburgh Girls Study) examining the development of psychopathology...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646337/-epidemiology-of-refractive-errors
#14
C Wolfram
Refractive errors are very common and can lead to severe pathological changes in the eye. This article analyzes the epidemiology of refractive errors in the general population in Germany and worldwide and describes common definitions for refractive errors and clinical characteristics for pathologicaal changes. Refractive errors differ between age groups due to refractive changes during the life time and also due to generation-specific factors. Current research about the etiology of refractive errors has strengthened the influence of environmental factors, which led to new strategies for the prevention of refractive pathologies...
June 23, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646277/standardization-and-prevalence-of-the-booster-phenomenon-evaluation-using-a-two-step-skin-test-with-43%C3%A2-kda-glycoprotein-in-individuals-from-an-endemic-region-of-paracoccidioidomycosis
#15
Ana Paula C Marques, Sandra Maria V L Oliveira, Grazielli R Rezende, Dayane A Melo, Sonia M Fernandes-Fitts, Elenir Rose J C Pontes, Maria da Glória Bonecini-Almeida, Zoilo P Camargo, Rinaldo P Mendes, Anamaria M M Paniago
BACKGROUND: We estimated the occurrence rate of the booster phenomenon by using an intradermal test with 43 kDa glycoprotein in an endemic area of paracoccidioidomycosis in the central-west region of Brazil. METHODS: Individuals who had a negative result on a survey performed by using an intradermal test with 43 kDa glycoprotein in an endemic area of paracoccidioidomycosis underwent a second intradermal test after 10-15 days to determine the presence or absence of the booster phenomenon...
June 23, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646151/optimal-surveillance-strategies-for-bovine-tuberculosis-in-a-low-prevalence-country
#16
Kimberly VanderWaal, Eva A Enns, Catalina Picasso, Julio Alvarez, Andres Perez, Federico Fernandez, Andres Gil, Meggan Craft, Scott Wells
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic disease of cattle that is difficult to control and eradicate in part due to the costly nature of surveillance and poor sensitivity of diagnostic tests. Like many countries, bTB prevalence in Uruguay has gradually declined to low levels due to intensive surveillance and control efforts over the past decades. In low prevalence settings, broad-based surveillance strategies based on routine testing may not be the most cost-effective way for controlling between-farm bTB transmission, while targeted surveillance aimed at high-risk farms may be more efficient for this purpose...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645968/development-of-a-meta-algorithm-for-guiding-primary-care-encounters-for-patients-with-multimorbidity-using-evidence-based-and-case-based-guideline-development-methodology
#17
Cathleen Muche-Borowski, Dagmar Lühmann, Ingmar Schäfer, Rebekka Mundt, Hans-Otto Wagner, Martin Scherer
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop a comprehensive algorithm (meta-algorithm) for primary care encounters of patients with multimorbidity. We used a novel, case-based and evidence-based procedure to overcome methodological difficulties in guideline development for patients with complex care needs. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic guideline development methodology including systematic evidence retrieval (guideline synopses), expert opinions and informal and formal consensus procedures...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645955/is-there-an-ethnic-variation-in-the-epidemiology-of-gonorrhoea-a-retrospective-population-based-study-from-northern-israel-over-15%C3%A2-years-between-2001-and-2015
#18
Khalaf Kridin, Rami Grifat, Mogher Khamaisi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the trends in the incidence of gonorrhoea through an extended period of time and to compare the epidemiology of gonorrhoea infection between 2 distinct ethnic groups (Jews and Arabs). DESIGN: A retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted on all consecutive patients diagnosed with gonorrhoea through the years 2001-2015. SETTING: National Department of Epidemiology of the Ministry of Health, Haifa District, Israel...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645954/assessing-the-impact-of-colonoscopy-complications-on-use-of-colonoscopy-among-primary-care-physicians-and-other-connected-physicians-an-observational-study-of-older-americans
#19
Nancy L Keating, A James O'Malley, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, Bruce E Landon
OBJECTIVES: Psychological biases can distort treatment decision-making. The availability heuristic is one such bias, wherein events that are recent, vivid or easily imagined are readily 'available' to memory and are therefore judged more likely to occur than expected based on epidemiological data. We assessed if the occurrence of a serious colonoscopy complication for a primary care physician's patient influenced colonoscopy rates for the physician's other patients. DESIGN: Longitudinal study with time-varying exposure variables...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645895/multiparity-improves-outcomes-after-cerebral-ischemia-in-female-mice-despite-features-of-increased-metabovascular-risk
#20
Rodney M Ritzel, Anita R Patel, Monica Spychala, Rajkumar Verma, Joshua Crapser, Edward C Koellhoffer, Anna Schrecengost, Evan R Jellison, Liang Zhu, Venugopal Reddy Venna, Louise D McCullough
Females show a varying degree of ischemic sensitivity throughout their lifespan, which is not fully explained by hormonal or genetic factors. Epidemiological data suggest that sex-specific life experiences such as pregnancy increase stroke risk. This work evaluated the role of parity on stroke outcome. Age-matched virgin (i.e., nulliparous) and multiparous mice were subjected to 60 min of reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion and evaluated for infarct volume, behavioral recovery, and inflammation. Using an established mating paradigm, fetal microchimeric cells present in maternal mice were also tracked after parturition and stroke...
June 23, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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