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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531899/epidemiology-and-molecular-biology-of-head-and-neck-cancer
#1
Adriana Jou, Jochen Hess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531848/a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-of-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-perinatal-depression
#2
REVIEW
C A Woody, A J Ferrari, D J Siskind, H A Whiteford, M G Harris
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of the disease burden for women of childbearing age, but the burden of MDD attributable to perinatal depression is not yet known. There has been little effort to date to systematically review available literature and produce global estimates of prevalence and incidence of perinatal depression. Enhanced understanding will help to guide resource allocation for screening and treatment. METHODS: A systematic literature review using the databases PsycINFO and PubMED returned 140 usable prevalence estimates from 96 studies...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531824/is-subclinical-gambling-really-subclinical
#3
Jeremiah Weinstock, Laura M April, Selmi Kallmi
Gambling disorder and substance use disorders (SUD) overlap in terms of etiology and diagnostic constructs (e.g., preoccupation, loss of control), yet diagnostic thresholds for the disorders are different. Currently, endorsing 2-3 gambling disorder criteria does not warrant a diagnosis while endorsing 2-3 SUD criteria does. The aim of this study was to examine whether subclinical gamblers (i.e., endorsing 2-3 gambling disorder criteria) experience psychosocial dysfunction equivalent to individuals who are diagnosed with mild severity SUD (i...
May 15, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531786/malnutrition-related-deaths
#4
Maja Sparre-Sørensen, Gustav N Kristensen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Studies have shown that malnutrition increases the risk of morbidity, mortality, the length of hospital stay, and costs in the elderly population. Approximately one third of all patients admitted to geriatric wards in Denmark are malnourished according to the Danish Geriatric database. The aim of this study is to describe and examine the sudden increase in deaths due to malnutrition in the elderly population in Denmark from 1999 and, similarly, the sudden decline in malnutrition related deaths in 2007...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531767/the-standard-joint-unit
#5
Cristina Casajuana Kögel, María Mercedes Balcells-Olivero, Hugo López-Pelayo, Laia Miquel, Lídia Teixidó, Joan Colom, David John Nutt, Jürgen Rehm, Antoni Gual
OBJECTIVE: Reliable data on cannabis quantities is required to improve assessment of cannabis consumption for epidemiological analysis and clinical assessment, consequently a Standard Joint Unit (SJU) based on quantity of 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (9-THC) has been established. METHODOLOGY: Naturalistic study of a convenience sample recruited from February 2015-June 2016 in universities, leisure spaces, mental health services and cannabis clubs in Barcelona. Adults, reporting cannabis use in the last 60 days, without cognitive impairment or language barriers, answered a questionnaire on cannabis use and were asked to donate a joint to further determine their 9-THC and Cannabidiol (CBD) content...
May 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531552/the-role-of-next-generation-sequencing-in-infection-prevention-in-human-parainfluenza-virus-3-infections-in-immunocompromised-patients
#6
Atul Kothari, Mary J Burgess, Juan Carlos Rico Crescencio, Joshua L Kennedy, Jesse L Denson, Kurt C Schwalm, Ashley N Stoner, John C Kincaid, Faith E Davies, Darrell L Dinwiddie
BACKGROUND: Respiratory viral infections are a significant problem in patients with hematologic malignancies. We report a cluster of HPIV 3 infections in our myeloma patients, and describe the utility of next generation sequencing (NGS) to identify transmission linkages which can assist in infection prevention. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the utility of NGS to track respiratory viral infection outbreaks and delineate between community acquired and nosocomial infections in our cancer units...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531360/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-cardiovascular-diseases-present-past-and-future
#7
Yasuhiro Watanabe, Ichiro Tatsuno
Large-scale epidemiological studies on Greenlandic, Canadian and Alaskan Eskimos have examined the health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids consumed as part of the diet, and found statistically significant relative reduction in cardiovascular risk in people consuming omega-3 fatty acids. Areas covered: This article reviews studies on omega-3 fatty acids during the last 50 years, and identifies issues relevant to future studies on cardiovascular (CV) risk. Expert Commentary: Although a meta-analysis of large-scale prospective cohort studies and randomized studies reported that fish and fish oil consumption reduced coronary heart disease-related mortality and sudden cardiac death, omega-3 fatty acids have not yet been shown to be effective in secondary prevention trials on patients with multiple cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors...
May 20, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531311/the-genotypes-of-orientia-tsutsugamushi-identified-in-scrub-typhus-patients-in-northern-vietnam
#8
Hang L K Nguyen, Hang T T Pham, Tinh V Nguyen, Phuong Vm Hoang, Mai T Q Le, Taichiro Takemura, Futoshi Hasebe, Daisuke Hayasaka, Akio Yamada, Kozue Hotta
Background: There are an estimated one million patients with scrub typhus in the Asia-Pacific region. There are few reports describing the incidence of scrub typhus in Vietnam. Methods: Blood samples collected from 63 patients clinically diagnosed as having scrub typhus from July 2015 to September 2016 were subjected to genotyping of Orientia tsutsugamushi. Results and Conclusions: Of these patients, 42 (67%) tested positive for O. tsutsugamushi, and the most common genotype was identified to be Karp (55%)...
May 22, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531244/awareness-prevalence-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-western-nepal
#9
Dinesh Neupane, Archana Shrestha, Shiva Raj Mishra, Joakim Bloch, Bo Christensen, Craig S McLachlan, Arjun Karki, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a significant contributor to cardiovascular and renal diseases. In low-income settings like Nepal, there are few epidemiological studies assessing hypertension burden. Thus, the purpose was to determine prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in semi-urban area of western Nepal among randomly selected participants, aged between 25 and 65 years. Systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP of ≥90 mm Hg and/or taking current antihypertensive medicine defined as hypertension...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531212/epidemiological-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-common-lower-genital-tract-infections-and-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-infections-among-women-in-beijing-china
#10
Dai Zhang, Ting Li, Lei Chen, Xiaosong Zhang, Gengli Zhao, Zhaohui Liu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of lower genital tract infections in China has been increasing in recent years. The link between high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) remains unclear. METHODS: From March to October 2014, gynecological examinations and questionnaires were conducted on 1218 married women. Cervical secretions and vaginal swab specimens were tested for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), yeast, clue cells and HR-HPV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531120/antidiabetic-effects-of-tea
#11
REVIEW
Qiu-Yue Fu, Qing-Sheng Li, Xiao-Ming Lin, Ru-Ying Qiao, Rui Yang, Xu-Min Li, Zhan-Bo Dong, Li-Ping Xiang, Xin-Qiang Zheng, Jian-Liang Lu, Cong-Bo Yuan, Jian-Hui Ye, Yue-Rong Liang
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic endocrine disease resulted from insulin secretory defect or insulin resistance and it is a leading cause of death around the world. The care of DM patients consumes a huge budget due to the high frequency of consultations and long hospitalizations, making DM a serious threat to both human health and global economies. Tea contains abundant polyphenols and caffeine which showed antidiabetic activity, so the development of antidiabetic medications from tea and its extracts is increasingly receiving attention...
May 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531112/effects-of-polyphenols-on-oxidative-stress-mediated-injury-in-cardiomyocytes
#12
REVIEW
Rosanna Mattera, Monica Benvenuto, Maria Gabriella Giganti, Ilaria Tresoldi, Francesca Romana Pluchinotta, Sonia Bergante, Guido Tettamanti, Laura Masuelli, Vittorio Manzari, Andrea Modesti, Roberto Bei
Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. Hypertension, ischemia/reperfusion, diabetes and anti-cancer drugs contribute to heart failure through oxidative and nitrosative stresses which cause cardiomyocytes nuclear and mitochondrial DNA damage, denaturation of intracellular proteins, lipid peroxidation and inflammation. Oxidative or nitrosative stress-mediated injury lead to cardiomyocytes apoptosis or necrosis. The reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen species (RNS) concentration is dependent on their production and on the expression and activity of anti-oxidant enzymes...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530845/temporal-variation-in-the-abundance-and-timing-of-daily-activity-of-chagas-disease-vector-triatoma-gerstaeckeri-st%C3%A3-l-1859-in-a-natural-habitat-in-the-lower-rio-grande-valley-south-texas
#13
Alfredo Flores, Christopher Vitek, Teresa Feria Arroyo, Brian Lund Fredensborg
Chagas disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi is a burden to millions of people in South and Central America. A sylvatic life cycle of the parasite exists in the Southern United States, but recent studies indicate an active peri-domestic life cycle of T. cruzi in Texas. The USA-Mexico border region in Texas displays areas of high poverty and sub-standard housing conditions which are important risk factors for a potential spill-over transmission to a domestic life cycle including humans. The objectives of the study were to examine short- and longterm temporal variation in vector activity, and to evaluate the effect of different combinations of attractants on the capture of potential triatomine vectors...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530610/saponins-in-pulses-and-their-health-promoting-activities-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Balwinder Singh, Jatinder Pal Singh, Narpinder Singh, Amritpal Kaur
Saponins are a class of natural compounds present in pulses having surface active properties. These compounds show variation in type, structure and composition of their aglycone moiety and oligosaccharide chains. Saponins have plasma cholesterol lowering effect in humans and are important in reducing the risk of many chronic diseases. Moreover, they have shown strong cytotoxic effects against cancer cell lines. However, more epidemiological and clinical studies are required for the proper validation of these health promoting activities...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530548/critical-role-of-rig-i-and-mda5-in-early-and-late-stages-of-tulane-virus-infection
#15
Preeti Chhabra, Priya Ranjan, Theresa Cromeans, Suryaprakash Sambhara, Jan Vinjé
Human noroviruses are a major cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide, but the lack of a robust cell culture system or small animal model have hampered a better understanding of innate immunity against these viruses. Tulane virus (TV) is the prototype virus of a tentative new genus, Recovirus, in the family Caliciviridae. Its epidemiology and biological properties most closely resemble human norovirus. The host innate immune response to RNA virus infection primarily involves pathogen-sensing toll-like receptors (TLRs) TLR3 and TLR7 and retinoic acid-inducible gene I-like receptor RIG-I and melanoma differentiation associated gene 5 (MDA5)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530506/racial-differences-in-20-year-cardiovascular-mortality-risk-among-childhood-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#16
Amy M Berkman, Abenaa M Brewster, Lee W Jones, Jun Yu, J Jack Lee, S Andrew Peng, Abigail Crocker, Joann L Ater, Susan C Gilchrist
PURPOSE: Whether cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk differs according to race and cancer type among survivors of childhood or young adulthood cancers is unknown. METHODS: Data from the years 1973-2011 were analyzed using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries. Cases were categorized by ICD-0-3/WHO 2008 Adolescent and Young Adult classification. CVD death was determined by ICD-10 codes for diseases of the heart, atherosclerosis, cerebrovascular diseases, or other diseases of the arteries...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530488/the-effect-of-angiojet-rheolytic-thrombectomy-in-the-endovascular-treatment-of-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis
#17
Mert Dumantepe, Ibrahim Uyar
Objective To evaluate the clinical safety and effectiveness of percutaneous rheolytic thrombectomy in patients with acute lower extremity deep venous thrombosis. Method Sixty-eight consecutive patients with acute massive lower extremity deep venous thrombosis were included in this retrospective study. A percutaneous rheolytic thrombectomy device (Angiojet ® Rheolytic thrombectomy catheter, Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA, USA) was used in all patients in an angiography suite through ipsilateral popliteal vein access...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530457/-patient-turnover-in-a-multidisciplinary-emergency-department
#18
Csaba Varga, Zsuzsanna Lelovics, Viktor Soós, Tibor Oláh
INTRODUCTION: More than twenty emergency departments were opened across Hungary in the past years. Data deficiency on patient flow, trends and lack of knowledge of indicators could raise numerous logistical and organisational problems. AIM: Collection, analysis and provision of data to facilitate successful operations of emergency medical care services. METHOD: During a three-year period investigated, at the multidisciplinary Emergency Department of "Moritz Kaposi" Teaching Hospital, data on patient flow (n = 106,203), epidemiology, triage and international classification of diseases were analysed...
May 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530264/cyclamen-europaeum-improves-the-effect-of-oral-antibiotics-on-exacerbations-and-recurrences-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-a-real-life-observational-study-chronos
#19
A S Lopatin, O A Ivanchenko, S S Soshnikov, J Mullol
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory disease of the nose and paranasal sinuses affecting 11% of the European population. Cyclamen europaeum plant extract (CE) has demonstrated efficacy in treating acute rhinosinusitis, but its role in CRS exacerbations remains unknown. In this real-life, prospective, epidemiological, observational study, a total of 317 patients with exacerbations of CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) of moderate severity were treated using three different options: oral antibiotics, CE extract nasal spray, or the combination of oral antibiotic with CE extract...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530119/update-in-sleep-disordered-breathing-2016
#20
Najib T Ayas, Luciano F Drager, Mary J Morrell, Vsevolod Y Polotsky
The field of sleep disordered breathing has continued to evolve with many important articles published in the last year. In this review, we have summarized some of the key articles relevant to sleep disordered breathing that have been published in the Journal and selected articles published elsewhere in the last year; these have included landmark randomized trials concerning sleep apnea treatment in the prevention of adverse cardiac outcomes, basic science and animal studies, genetic studies, and analyses of epidemiologic cohorts...
May 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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