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Tom Schilling, Claudia Eder
Activated microglial cells generate reactive oxygen species (ROS), which have detrimental effects in neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, we have identified a novel mechanism involved in microglial NADPH oxidase-mediated ROS production. In PMA-stimulated microglia, ROS production was substantially reduced upon inhibition of the non-selective cation channel TRPV1 with La(3+), ruthenium red, capsazepine and 5-iodo-resinferatoxin. Furthermore, sustained membrane depolarization, a hallmark of NADPH oxidase activity in phagocytes, was found to induce non-selective cation/TRPV1 channel activity in microglia...
November 30, 2009: Journal of Neuroimmunology
X Yang, J P Farber, M Wu, R D Foreman, C Qin
Clinical and basic studies have indicated that upper cervical spinal cord stimulation (cSCS) significantly increases cerebral blood flow (CBF), but the mechanisms are incompletely understood. This investigation was conducted to differentiate between stimulation of dorsal column fibers and upper cervical spinal cord cell bodies in cSCS-induced increases in CBF and decreases in cerebrovascular resistance (CVR). cSCS (50 Hz, 0.2 ms, 1 min) was applied on the left C1-C2 dorsal column of pentobarbital anesthetized, ventilated and paralyzed male rats...
April 9, 2008: Neuroscience
P L Andrews, P Bhandari
Resinferatoxin (100 micrograms/kg, s.c.), the ultrapotent analogue of capsaicin, when given acutely blocked radiation-(200 rads) and copper sulphate (40 mg% 30 ml, p.o.)-induced emesis in ferrets and substantially decreased loperamide (0.5 mg/kg, s.c.)-induced vomiting, without significantly affecting the von Bezold-Jarisch reflex or gag reflex. It also produced a decrease in core temperature as has been reported for capsaicin. The observation that resinferatoxin reduced or blocked emesis induced by both centrally (loperamide) and peripherally (CuSO4, radiation) acting stimuli suggests a novel anti-emetic action that may provide an insight into clinically useful innovative anti-emetics...
August 1993: Neuropharmacology
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