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M L Donnelly, L E Hughes, G Luke, H Mendoza, E ten Dam, D Gani, M D Ryan
The 2A/2B cleavage of aphtho- and cardiovirus 2A polyproteins is mediated by their 2A proteins 'cleaving' at their own C termini. We have analysed this activity using artificial reporter polyprotein systems comprising green fluorescent protein (GFP) linked via foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) 2A to beta-glucuronidase (GUS) -- forming a single, long, open reading frame. Analysis of the distribution of radiolabel showed a high proportion of the in vitro translation products (approximately 90%) were in the form of the 'cleavage' products GUS and [GFP2A]...
May 2001: Journal of General Virology
J Colomina, J Raga, M T Gil, J Buesa
BACKGROUND: The analysis of the immune response to rotavirus infection and the characterization of the viral antigens recognized by specific antibodies are of great concern in evaluating the protection against rotavirus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The levels of rotavirus-specific fecal (sIgA) and serum antibodies (IgM, IgG and IgA) were evaluated by ELISA in 25 children with acute gastroenteritis for rotavirus, in 11 of them during the acute and convalescent phases. The specificity of serum antibodies to viral polypeptides was characterized by immunoblotting...
February 1998: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
J J Eiden
Gene 5 of the IDIR strain of group B rotavirus was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in RBC lysates in order to identify the coding assignment. The complete nucleic acid sequence of IDIR gene 5 included 1306 bases and encoded a single long open reading frame of 390 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 44.8 kDa. Comparison of the predicted amino acid sequence indicated substantial identity with the NS34 protein of group A rotaviruses (GAR). Like GAR NS34, the product deduced from IDIR agent gene 5 was predicted to exhibit a high degree of alpha helix secondary structure and a relatively low pl (4...
September 1993: Virology
D Poncet, C Aponte, J Cohen
Interaction between viral proteins and RNAs has been studied in rotavirus-infected cells. The use of UV cross-linking followed by immunoprecipitation and labeling with T4 polynucleotide kinase allowed us to detect interactions between RNA and nonstructural viral proteins. The RNAs linked to the nonstructural protein NSP3 have been identified as rotavirus mRNAs, and the sequences of the RNase T1-protected fragments have been established. These sequences correspond to the 3' end sequence common to all rotavirus group A genes...
June 1993: Journal of Virology
C Aponte, N M Mattion, M K Estes, A Charpilienne, J Cohen
Studies on rotavirus non-structural proteins have been hampered in the past by difficulties in obtaining monospecific reagents. To make such reagents available, we have expressed in the baculovirus system NSP2 and NSP3 (formerly called NS35 and NS34, respectively) of the bovine rotavirus RF and produced hybridomas against these proteins. Full-length DNA copies of RNA segments 7 (coding for NSP3) and 8 (coding for NSP2) of the virus strain RF were cloned and sequenced. Each cDNA was inserted in the transfer vector pVL941 and used to transfect Spodoptera frugiperda cells (Sf9)...
1993: Archives of Virology
E Kaga, O Nakagomi
To determine the relative frequency of intergenogroup reassortants of rotavirus in nature, we analyzed the genetic composition of 22 electrophoretically distinct stool isolates which accounted for 95.2% of stool rotaviruses with a short RNA pattern collected during 10 rotavirus seasons. These strains all showed subgroup I and G2 specificities, but two distinct hybridization patterns were observed when the probes prepared from Wa (a member of the Wa genogroup) and KUN (a member of the DS-1 genogroup) were used...
1994: Archives of Virology
J O Langland, S Pettiford, B Jiang, B L Jacobs
The porcine group C rotavirus (Cowden strain) NSP3 protein (the group C equivalent of the group A gene 7 product, formerly called NS34) shares homology with known double-stranded RNA-binding proteins, such as the interferon-induced, double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase PKR. A clone of NSP3, expressed both in vitro and in COS-1 cells, led to the synthesis of minor amounts of a product with an M(r) of 45,000 (the expected full-length M(r) of NSP3) and major amounts of products with M(r)s of 38,000 and 8,000...
June 1994: Journal of Virology
A M Sandino, J Pizarro, J Fernández, M C Fellay, E Spencer
Rotavirus are segmented double stranded RNA viruses with a double protein capsid around a central core. The virus replicates in the cell cytoplasm. After infection, eleven mRNAs are transcribed from the viral genome. To characterize further the infection cycle, viral polypeptide synthesis and RNA replication were studied using labelled precursors. The involvement of nonstructural polypeptides NS34 and NS35 was determined by the kinetics of the appearance of viral polypeptides in infected cells. Experiments in which cycloheximide was used showed that the synthesis of both polypeptides was required to begin RNA replication...
December 1988: Archivos de Biología y Medicina Experimentales
J T Patton, C O Gallegos
To understand the role of viral proteins in the replication of rotavirus RNA, we have characterized the structure of subviral particles (SVPs) that synthesize double-stranded RNA (DS RNA). Pulse-labeling of newly made RNA in infected cells showed that rotavirus DS RNA was synthesized either in single-shell (SS)-like particles or in precursor particles that rapidly mature into SS particles. Experiments using a cell-free system demonstrated that most replicase particles containing newly made DS RNA were of greater density in CsCl than single-shelled (SS) particles...
October 1988: Virology
C O Gallegos, J T Patton
The segmented double-stranded (ds)RNA genome of the rotaviruses is replicated asymmetrically with viral mRNA serving as the template for minus-strand RNA synthesis. To identify intermediate structures in rotavirus replication, subviral particles (SVPs) purified from the cytoplasm of simian rotavirus SA11-infected cells were assayed for RNA polymerase activity in a cell-free system that supports viral RNA replication. Intact SVPs containing newly made RNA were resolved by electrophoresis under nondenaturing conditions on 0...
October 1989: Virology
Y A Qian, B M Jiang, L J Saif, S Y Kang, C K Ojeh, K Y Green
The complete nucleotide sequence of the gene 6 from the porcine group (Gp) C rotavirus strain Cowden was determined from gene 6-specific clones selected from a cDNA library and from viral transcript RNA. The gene is 1348 nucleotides in length with a potential initiation codon beginning at nucleotide 25 and a stop codon at nucleotide 1231. The deduced protein contains 402 amino acids. Comparison of the gene 6 from this Gp C strain with sequences in the GenBank data base indicated that this gene shared homology with gene 7 of Gp A rotavirus strain SA-11 (22...
October 1991: Virology
M S Poruchynsky, P H Atkinson
Rotavirus, a double-shelled nonenveloped member of the REoviridae family, becomes transiently membrane enveloped during its maturation process, as single-shelled particles bud from cytoplasmic viroplasm structures into the adjacent endoplasmic reticulum. The present study describes the isolation of these membrane-enveloped viral intermediates from rotavirus SA11-infected Ma104 cells. The enveloped intermediates comprised the proteins VP1, VP2, VP4, VP6, VP7, and NS28 and small amounts of NS35 and NS34. VP7 in the intermediate particles was recognized by either a polyclonal antibody to VP7, which previous studies had shown recognizes the membrane-associated form of VP7, or a monoclonal antibody which recognizes VP7 on mature virus...
September 1991: Journal of Virology
S J McCormack, D C Thomis, C E Samuel
A molecular cDNA clone of the human RNA-dependent P1/eIF-2 alpha protein kinase was expressed in Escherichia coli. Mutant P1 proteins were examined for RNA binding activity by Northwestern blot analysis using the reovirus s1 mRNA, an activator of the kinase; the adenovirus VAI RNA, an inhibitor of kinase activation; or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) TAR RNA as probe. Analysis of TrpE-P1 deletion mutant fusion proteins revealed that the 11-kDa N-terminal region of the P1 protein bound reovirus s1 mRNA, adenovirus VAI RNA, and HIV TAR RNA...
May 1992: Virology
N M Mattion, J Cohen, C Aponte, M K Estes
Intermolecular interactions between polypeptide chains often play essential roles in such biological phenomena as replication, transcription, translation, transport, ligand binding, and assembly. We have initiated studies of the functions of the rotavirus SA114F gene 7 product by sequence analysis and expression in insect cells. This nonstructural protein, NS34, is a slightly acidic protein, and its secondary structure is predicted to be 78% alpha-helix, with several heptad repeats of hydrophobic amino acids being present in its carboxy half...
September 1992: Virology
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