keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Suicide risk assessment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453036/identifying-the-relative-importance-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-features-in-classifying-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-behavior-using-exploratory-data-mining
#1
Taylor A Burke, Ross Jacobucci, Brooke A Ammerman, Marilyn Piccirillo, Michael S McCloskey, Richard G Heimberg, Lauren B Alloy
Individuals with a history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are at alarmingly high risk for suicidal ideation (SI), planning (SP), and attempts (SA). Given these findings, research has begun to evaluate the features of this multi-faceted behavior that may be most important to assess when quantifying risk for SI, SP, and SA. However, no studies have examined the wide range of NSSI characteristics simultaneously when determining which NSSI features are most salient to suicide risk. The current study utilized three exploratory data mining techniques (elastic net regression, decision trees, random forests) to address these gaps in the literature...
January 31, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449136/sexual-orientation-discordance-and-nonfatal-suicidal-behaviors-in-u-s-high-school-students
#2
Francis B Annor, Heather B Clayton, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Shalon M Irving, Corinne David-Ferdon, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Studies among adults have documented association between sexual orientation discordance and some suicide risk factors. However, studies examining sexual orientation discordance and nonfatal suicidal behaviors in youth are rare. This study examines the association between sexual orientation discordance and suicidal ideation/suicide attempts among a nationally representative sample of U.S. high school students. METHODS: Using sexual identity and sex of sexual contact measures from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n=6,790), a sexual orientation discordance variable was constructed describing concordance and discordance (agreement and disagreement, respectively, between sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448854/mental-health-care-providers-talk-about-their-experiences-preventing-suicide-in-people-with-substance-use-disorders-in-south-africa-implications-for-clinical-practice
#3
Daniel Goldstone, Jason Bantjes
OBJECTIVE: This study explored mental health care providers' experiences of preventing suicide in people with substance use disorders and their perceptions of factors related to clinical practice that contributed to these experiences. METHODS: In-depth, semistructured interviews were conducted with 18 mental health care providers working in South Africa. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the data inductively with Atlas.ti software. RESULTS: Participants described feeling hopeless, helpless, powerless and guilty and needed to debrief from their experiences of preventing suicide...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448236/sleep-problems-and-suicidal-behaviors-in-college-students
#4
Stephen P Becker, Melissa R Dvorsky, Alex S Holdaway, Aaron M Luebbe
Using a large sample of college students, objectives were to examine (1) the overlap between poor sleep and suicide risk status, (2) whether poor sleep was associated with suicide behaviors above and beyond depression, (3) whether sleep problems and depression interacted to predict increased suicidal behaviors or risk, and (4) which specific components of sleep were uniquely associated with suicidal behaviors. Participants were 1700 college students (ages 18-29 years; 65% female) from two universities who completed measures assessing sleep, depressive symptoms, and suicidal behaviors (Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised [SBQ-R], a composite measure including ideation, past attempt, disclosure to others, and future likelihood of suicide that includes a cutoff for determining participants with suicide risk)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447300/explaining-suicide-attempt-with-personality-traits-of-aggression-and-impulsivity-in-a-high-risk-tribal-population-of-india
#5
Piyoosh Kumar Singh, V R Rao
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a spectrum of behavior including suicide ideation and suicidal attempt and is undoubtedly the outcome of the interaction of several factors. The role of two main constructs of human nature, aggression and impulsivity, has been discussed broadly in relation to suicide, as endophenotypes or traits of personality, in research and in clinical practice across diagnoses. The objective of our study was to assess impulsive and aggressive behaviors among primitive people of the Idu Mishmi tribe, who are known for high suicide completer and attempter rates...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446332/general-medical-mental-health-and-demographic-risk-factors-associated-with-suicide-by-firearm-compared-with-other-means
#6
Jennifer M Boggs, Arne Beck, Sam Hubley, Edward L Peterson, Yong Hu, L Keoki Williams, Deepak Prabhakar, Rebecca C Rossom, Frances L Lynch, Christine Y Lu, Beth E Waitzfelder, Ashli A Owen-Smith, Gregory E Simon, Brian K Ahmedani
OBJECTIVE: Mitigation of suicide risk by reducing access to lethal means, such as firearms and potentially lethal medications, is a highly recommended practice. To better understand groups of patients at risk of suicide in medical settings, the authors compared demographic and clinical risk factors between patients who died by suicide by using firearms or other means with matched patients who did not die by suicide (control group). METHODS: In a case-control study in 2016 from eight health care systems within the Mental Health Research Network, 2,674 suicide cases from 2010-2013 were matched to a control group (N=267,400)...
February 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445281/suicidal-drug-overdose-following-stroke-in-elderly-patients-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Chun-Hung Chang, Shaw-Ji Chen, Chieh-Yu Liu, Hsin-Chi Tsai
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and risk of suicidal drug overdose (SDO) after stroke in older patients. Methods: We enrolled patients aged 60-99 years who were diagnosed with new-onset stroke between 2002 and 2013 and age-, sex-, and index-year-matched controls who did not have stroke. Patients with a history of SDO before enrollment were excluded. Both groups were observed until December 31, 2013. The primary end point was the occurrence of newly diagnosed SDO...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442611/relative-toxicity-of-benzodiazepines-and-hypnotics-commonly-used-for-self-poisoning-an-epidemiological-study-of-fatal-toxicity-and-case-fatality
#8
Galit Geulayov, Anne Ferrey, Deborah Casey, Claudia Wells, Alice Fuller, Clare Bankhead, David Gunnell, Caroline Clements, Navneet Kapur, Jennifer Ness, Keith Waters, Keith Hawton
The relative toxicity of anxiolytic and hypnotic drugs commonly used for self-poisoning was assessed using data on suicides, prescriptions and non-fatal self-poisonings in England, 2005-2012. Data on suicide by self-poisoning were obtained from the Office for National Statistics, information on intentional non-fatal self-poisoning was derived from the Multicentre Study of Self-harm in England and data on prescriptions in general practice from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. We used two indices of relative toxicity: fatal toxicity (the number of fatal self-poisonings relative to the number of individuals prescribed each drug) and case fatality (the number of fatal relative to non-fatal self-poisonings)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436321/effects-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-on-rating-scale-assessed-suicidality-in-adults-with-depression
#9
Jakob Näslund, Fredrik Hieronymus, Alexander Lisinski, Staffan Nilsson, Elias Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been claimed to elicit or aggravate suicidal ideation. Aims To explore the effect of SSRIs on the suicidality item of the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD). METHOD: We undertook a patient-level mega-analysis of adults with depression participating in industry-sponsored studies of sertraline, paroxetine or citalopram, comparing patients on an SSRI (n = 5681) with those on placebo (n = 2581) with respect to HRSD-rated suicidality...
February 5, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429906/suicide-risk-temperament-traits-and-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-refractory-epilepsy
#10
Sayra Catalina Coral Castro, Gislaine Verginia Baroni, William Alves Martins, André Luis Fernandes Palmini, Luísa Weber Bisol
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to access the suicide risk (SR) in patients with refractory epilepsy and its association with temperament and sleep quality. METHODS: A total of 50 consecutive patients referred for epilepsy surgery evaluation in the Porto Alegre Epilepsy Surgery Program were included. All patients had a detailed neurologic and psychiatric evaluation, including video-electroencephalogram (VEEG), high-resolution magnetic ressonance imaging (MRI), and neuropsychologic assessment...
February 8, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426035/exploring-the-pathway-from-anxiety-sensitivity-intervention-to-suicide-risk-reduction-chained-mediation-through-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms
#11
Aaron M Norr, Nicholas P Allan, Greg M Reger, Norman B Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The suicide rate in the Unites States continues to increase suggesting novel intervention strategies are needed. Anxiety sensitivity (AS), or a fear of anxiety-related sensations, is a suicide risk factor that can be ameliorated via a single-session, computerized intervention called the Cognitive Anxiety Sensitivity Treatment (CAST). Results from randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that reductions in suicidal ideation (SI) due to CAST were mediated by AS reductions...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425292/the-mental-health-of-sons-and-daughters-of-australian-vietnam-veterans
#12
Brian I O'Toole, Mark Dadds, Sue Outram, Stanley V Catts
Background: War service increases the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to combatants, and has been shown to increase the risk of PTSD in their offspring. The extent to which there is an excess compared with the general population is not yet established, nor whether PTSD increases the risk of other psychiatric problems. Methods: A national sample of 133 sons and 182 daughters of a cohort of 179 Australian Vietnam veterans' families were assessed in person, using structured psychiatric interviews...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424397/-health-and-wellbeing-of-sexual-minorities
#13
Jaime Barrientos, Fabiola Gómez, Manuel Cárdenas, Mónica Gúzman, Joaquín Bahamondes
BACKGROUND: Most of the information in Chile about health and wellbeing of sexual minorities refers to risk behaviors. AIM: To assess health and wellbeing in a sample of Chilean homosexual men and women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Spanish versions of the Satisfaction With Life Scale and Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45) were answered by 191 homosexual women and 256 homosexual men aged 18 to 67 years, from four Chilean cities. RESULTS: Lesbian women have better levels of satisfaction with life and adjustment in personal relationships than homosexual men...
September 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422716/recognizing-and-reacting-to-risk-signs-for-patient-suicide
#14
REVIEW
Lori Zitelli, Catherine V Palmer
Evidence-based suggestions for developing an effective clinician-client relationship built upon trust and honesty will be shared, as well as a review of relevant scope of practice issues for audiologists. Audiologists need to be prepared if a patient threatens self-harm. Many patients do not spontaneously report their suicidal thoughts and intentions to their care providers, so we need to be alert to warning signs. Information about the strongest predictors of suicide, how to ask about suicidal intentions, and how to assess the risk of suicide will be presented...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420922/mortality-and-cause-of-death-in-younger-homeless-veterans
#15
John A Schinka, Katherine C Leventhal, William A Lapcevic, Roger Casey
OBJECTIVES: Increased mortality has been documented in older homeless veterans. This retrospective study examined mortality and cause of death in a cohort of young and middle-aged homeless veterans. METHODS: We examined US Department of Veterans Affairs records on homelessness and health care for 2000-2003 and identified 23 898 homeless living veterans and 65 198 non-homeless living veterans aged 30-54. We used National Death Index records to determine survival status...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417825/a-case-for-identifying-smoking-in-presentations-to-the-emergency-department-with-suicidality
#16
Kay Wilhelm, Tonelle Handley, Prasuna Reddy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify mental health and lifestyle factors predicting smoking among people at high risk of suicidal behaviour. METHODS: Participants ( n = 363) completed self-report mental health and lifestyle measures at first appointment in a hospital clinic following presentation to the emergency department for deliberate self-harm or suicidal ideation. RESULTS: The rate of daily smoking in this group, 61.4%, is more than four times the rate observed in the general population...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415211/unnatural-death-a-major-but-largely-preventable-cause-of-death-among-homeless-people
#17
Marcel T Slockers, Wilma J Nusselder, Judith Rietjens, Ed F van Beeck
Background: We aimed to assess the contribution of specific causes-of-death to excess mortality of homeless persons and to identify differences in cause-specific mortality rates after vs. before implementing social policy measures. Methods: We conducted a register based 10-year follow-up study of homeless adults in Rotterdam and calculated the proportion of deaths by cause-of-death in this cohort in the period 2001-2010. We estimated cause-specific mortality among the homeless compared to the general population with Standardized Mortality Ratios...
February 4, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414915/characteristics-of-stress-and-suicidal-ideation-in-the-disclosure-of-sexual-orientation-among-young-french-lgb-adults
#18
Elodie Charbonnier, Florence Dumas, Adam Chesterman, Pierluigi Graziani
BACKGROUND: Lesbians, gays, and bisexual people (LGB) present high levels of suicidal ideation. The disclosure of sexual orientation is a stressful experience which presents a high suicide risk. Research has not paid sufficient attention to stress during this disclosure in order to understand suicide among LGB people. The aims of this study were to investigate: (1) the characteristics of stress during this revelation, more precisely cognitive appraisal, emotions, and coping; and (2) associations between these characteristics and suicidal ideation...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412840/neurologic-changes-and-depression
#19
REVIEW
Ryan D Greene, Sophia Wang
This article covers current research on the relationship between depression and cognitive impairment in older adults. First, it approaches the clinical assessment of late-life depression and comorbid cognitive impairment. Cognitive risk factors for suicide are discussed. Research is then provided on neuropsychological changes associated with depression, discussing subjective cognitive impairment, mild cognitive impairment, and dementia profiles. Additionally, literature regarding neuroimaging and biomarker findings in depressed older adults is presented...
March 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411706/-maternal-bonding-style-cholinergic-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-in-association-with-smoking-related-depressive-symptoms
#20
Iren Csala, Peter Dome, Judit Lazary
Backgorund: There is accumulating evidence on the association between the cholinergic system and nicotine dependence (ND) in the literature and the bidirectional relationship of ND and depression. However, the molecular background of the development of ND and related affective phenotype is not clear. METHODS: We recruited 255 tretament-seeking smokers into our study. For phenotyping assessments we used the Fagerstrom Nicotine Dependence Test; The Minnessotta Nicotine Withdrawal Scale; the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale and the Parental Bonding Instrument...
December 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
keyword
keyword
5328
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"