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Suicide risk assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335530/risk-of-suicide-and-dysfunctional-patterns-of-personality-among-bereaved-substance-users
#1
Laura Masferrer, Beatriz Caparrós
Background: Research has shown that suicide is a phenomenon highly present among the drug dependent population. Different studies have demonstrated an upraised level of comorbidity between personality disorders (PD) and substance use disorders (SUD). This study aimed to describe which PDs are more frequent among those patients with a risk of suicide. Methods: The study was based on a consecutive non-probabilistic convenience sample of 196 bereaved patients attended to in a Public Addiction Center in Girona (Spain)...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333538/health-care-contact-and-suicide-risk-documentation-prior-to-suicide-death-results-from-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#2
Jessica D Ribeiro, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner, Ronald C Kessler, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Murray B Stein, Robert J Ursano, Matthew K Nock
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has shown that a substantial portion of suicide decedents access health care in the weeks and months before their death. We examined whether this is true among soldiers. METHOD: The sample included the 569 Regular Army soldiers in the U.S. Army who died by suicide on active duty between 2004 and 2009 compared to 5,690 matched controls. Analyses examined the prevalence and frequency of health care contacts and documentation of suicide risk (i...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330589/ethnicity-and-excess-mortality-in-severe-mental-illness-a-cohort-study
#3
Jayati Das-Munshi, Chin-Kuo Chang, Rina Dutta, Craig Morgan, James Nazroo, Robert Stewart, Martin J Prince
BACKGROUND: Excess mortality in severe mental illness (defined here as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorders, and bipolar affective disorders) is well described, but little is known about this inequality in ethnic minorities. We aimed to estimate excess mortality for people with severe mental illness for five ethnic groups (white British, black Caribbean, black African, south Asian, and Irish) and to assess the association of ethnicity with mortality risk. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study of individuals with a valid diagnosis of severe mental illness between Jan 1, 2007, and Dec 31, 2014, from the case registry of the South London and Maudsley Trust (London, UK)...
March 16, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330446/eudor-a-multi-centre-research-program-a-naturalistic-european-multi-centre-clinical-study-of-edor-test-in-adult-patients-with-primary-depression
#4
Marco Sarchiapone, Miriam Iosue, Vladimir Carli, Mario Amore, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Anil Batra, Doina Cosman, Philippe Courtet, Guido Di Sciascio, Ricardo Gusmao, Tadeusz Parnowski, Peter Pestality, Pilar Saiz, Johannes Thome, Anders Tingström, Marcin Wojnar, Patrizia Zeppegno, Lars-Håkan Thorell
BACKGROUND: Electrodermal reactivity has been successfully used as indicator of interest, curiosity as well as depressive states. The measured reactivity depends on the quantity of sweat secreted by those eccrine sweat glands that are located in the hypodermis of palmar and plantar regions. Electrodermal hyporeactive individuals are those who show an unusual rapid habituation to identical non-significant stimuli. Previous findings suggested that electrodermal hyporeactivity has a high sensitivity and a high specificity for suicide...
March 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329305/association-between-spousal-suicide-and-mental-physical-and-social-health-outcomes-a-longitudinal-and-nationwide-register-based-study
#5
Annette Erlangsen, Bo Runeson, James M Bolton, Holly C Wilcox, Julie L Forman, Jesper Krogh, M Katherine Shear, Merete Nordentoft, Yeates Conwell
Importance: Bereavement after spousal suicide has been linked to mental disorders; however, a comprehensive assessment of the effect of spousal suicide is needed. Objective: To determine whether bereavement after spousal suicide was linked to an excessive risk of mental, physical, and social health outcomes when compared with the general population and spouses bereaved by other manners. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide, register-based cohort study conducted in Denmark of 6...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323661/suicidal-ideation-and-psychological-strain-among-patients-diagnosed-with-stomach-cancer-the-mediation-of-psychopathological-factors
#6
Xuekun Zhang, Jie Zhang, Nicholas Procter, Xiaoyun Chen, Yonggang Su, Fenglan Lou, Fenglin Cao
Patients with stomach cancer are at high risk to experience suicidal ideation. Strain theory of suicide assumes that suicide is preceded by psychological strain. Despite wide international acceptance of the theory, its use with a sample of patients with stomach cancer has not previously been reported. The aims were to examine the relationship between psychological strain and suicidal ideation among patients with stomach cancer and to determine whether psychopathological factors act as mediators. A cross-sectional study was undertaken involving subjects with no history of mental disorder, and questionnaires were administered by face-to-face interview...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323466/sexual-assault-victimization-and-mental-health-treatment-suicide-attempts-and-career-outcomes-among-women-in-the-us-army
#7
Anthony J Rosellini, Amy E Street, Robert J Ursano, Wai Tat Chiu, Steven G Heeringa, John Monahan, James A Naifeh, Maria V Petukhova, Ben Y Reis, Nancy A Sampson, Paul D Bliese, Murray B Stein, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during military service with subsequent mental health and negative career outcomes among US Army women controlling for nonrandom victimization exposure. METHODS: We used data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers to apply propensity score methods to match all 4238 female Regular Army soldiers with administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during 2004 to 2009 to 5 controls per case with similar composite victimization risk...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322276/identifying-fast-onset-antidepressants-using-rodent-models
#8
M J Ramaker, S C Dulawa
Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide and a major contributor to the burden of suicide. A major limitation of classical antidepressants is that 2-4 weeks of continuous treatment is required to elicit therapeutic effects, prolonging the period of depression, disability and suicide risk. Therefore, the development of fast-onset antidepressants is crucial. Preclinical identification of fast-onset antidepressants requires animal models that can accurately predict the delay to therapeutic onset. Although several well-validated assay models exist that predict antidepressant potential, few thoroughly tested animal models exist that can detect therapeutic onset...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321968/practitioners-experiences-of-adolescent-suicidal-behaviour-in-peer-groups
#9
Stephen Briggs, Thomas Slater, Julia Bowley
INTRODUCTION: Group suicidal behaviour by young people can have harmful effects; it may be increasing, influenced by online media and reported increasing self-harm rates; new knowledge and understanding to inform interventions is required. AIM: To explore how practitioners experience group suicidal behaviour amongst adolescents, how they assess risks/ needs, and how these insights inform understanding about these groups. METHOD: 10 practitioners, including Mental Health Nurses, were interviewed in one multidisciplinary CAMHS, in England...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320795/cross-sectional-survey-on-defensive-practices-and-defensive-behaviours-among-israeli-psychiatrists
#10
I Reuveni, I Pelov, H Reuveni, O Bonne, L Canetti
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatry is a low-risk specialisation; however, there is a steady increase in malpractice claims against psychiatrists. Defensive psychiatry (DP) refers to any action undertaken by a psychiatrist to avoid malpractice liability that is not for the sole benefit of the patient's mental health and well-being. The objectives of this study were to assess the scope of DP practised by psychiatrists and to understand whether awareness of DP correlated with defensive behaviours. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 213 Israeli psychiatry residents and certified psychiatrists during May and June 2015 regarding demographic data and experience with malpractice claims, medicolegal literature and litigation...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320225/suicide-following-deliberate-self-harm
#11
Mark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shuai Wang, Stephen Crystal, Tobias Gerhard, Carlos Blanco
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to identify risk factors for repeat self-harm and completed suicide over the following year among adults with deliberate self-harm. METHOD: A national cohort of Medicaid-financed adults clinically diagnosed with deliberate self-harm (N=61,297) was followed for up to 1 year. Repeat self-harm per 1,000 person-years and suicide rates per 100,000 person-years (based on cause of death information from the National Death Index) were determined...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319787/motor-impulsivity-differentiates-between-psychiatric-inpatients-with-multiple-versus-single-lifetime-suicide-attempts
#12
Victoria A Colborn, Jessica M LaCroix, Laura L Neely, Jennifer Tucker, Kanchana Perera, Samantha E Daruwala, Geoffrey Grammer, Jennifer Weaver, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
A history of multiple suicide attempts conveys greater risk for suicide than a single attempt. Impulsivity may partially explain the association between multiple attempts and increased risk. We examined trait impulsivity, ability to engage in goal-directed behaviors, and impulse control among psychiatrically hospitalized United States military personnel and their dependents. Individuals with a history of multiple versus single attempts had significantly higher motor impulsivity, indicating spur of the moment action...
March 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318361/suicidal-ideation-and-associated-factors-among-students-aged-13-15-years-in-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean-member-states-2007-2013
#13
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess suicidal ideation and associated factors in school-going adolescents in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states. METHODS: The analysis included 30,284 school children aged 13-15 years from seven ASEAN countries that participated in the cross-sectional global school-based student health survey (GSHS) between 2007 and 2013. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of suicidal ideation in the past 12 months across seven ASEAN countries was 12...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315808/benzodiazepine-z-drug-and-pregabalin-prescriptions-and-mortality-among-patients-in-opioid-maintenance-treatment-a-nation-wide-register-based-open-cohort-study
#14
Tove Abrahamsson, Jonas Berge, Agneta Öjehagen, Anders Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Use of sedatives may increase risk of death in opioid users. The aim of the study was to assess whether prescription of sedatives may be associated with mortality in patients in opioid maintenance treatment. METHODS: This retrospective register-based open cohort study included nation-wide register data including all individuals who were dispensed methadone or buprenorphine as opioid maintenance treatment for opioid dependence between July, 2005 and December, 2012 (N=4501)...
February 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315579/longitudinal-association-between-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-and-suicidal-behavior-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
P Castellví, E Lucas-Romero, A Miranda-Mendizábal, O Parés-Badell, J Almenara, I Alonso, M J Blasco, A Cebrià, A Gabilondo, M Gili, C Lagares, J A Piqueras, M Roca, J Rodríguez-Marín, T Rodríguez-Jimenez, V Soto-Sanz, J Alonso
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with previous self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITB) have over 2-fold risk of dying by suicide, higher than older ages. This meta-analysis aims to disentangle the association of each SITB with subsequent suicidal behavior in adolescence/young adulthood, the contribution of each SITB, and the proportion of suicide deaths with no previous suicide attempt. METHODS: We searched 6 databases until June 2015. INCLUSION CRITERIA: 1...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314127/suicide-attempt-in-mental-disorders-medi-association-with-5-htt-il-10-and-tnf-alpha-polymorphisms
#16
Verônica de Medeiros Alves, Aline Cristine Pereira E Silva, Elaine Virgínia Martins de Souza, Leilane Camila Ferreira de Lima Francisco, Edilson Leite de Moura, Valfrido Leão de-Melo-Neto, Antonio E Nardi
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders (MeDi) and suicide attempts (SA) are influenced by environmental and genetic factors. Genetic polymorphism studies have identified some candidate genes for suicidal behaviour in people with MeDi. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate MeDi and SA in relation to the presence of rs2020933 (5-HTT), rs1800871 (IL-10) and rs1800629 (TNF-α) polymorphisms. METHODS: A questionnaire for identification and general data, a brief quality of life assessment (WHOQOL-brief), the scale of suicide ideation by Beck and the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview were used in this study...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301590/predictors-of-suicide-in-the-patient-population-admitted-to-a-locked-door-psychiatric-acute-ward
#17
Roar Fosse, Wenche Ryberg, Merete Kvalsvik Carlsson, Jan Hammer
OBJECTIVE: No prior study appears to have focused on predictors of suicide in the general patient population admitted to psychiatric acute wards. We used a case-control design to investigate the association between suicide risk factors assessed systematically at admission to a locked-door psychiatric acute ward in Norway and subsequent death by suicide. METHOD: From 2008 to 2013, patients were routinely assessed for suicide risk upon admission to the acute ward with a 17-item check list based on recommendations from the Norwegian Directorate of Health and Social Affairs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301070/substance-use-disorders-and-the-risk-of-suicide-mortality-among-men-and-women-in-the-us-veterans-health-administration
#18
Kipling M Bohnert, Mark A Ilgen, Samantha Louzon, John F McCarthy, Ira R Katz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Limited information is available regarding links between specific substance use disorders (SUDs) and suicide mortality; however, the preliminary evidence that is available suggests that suicide risk associated with SUDs may differ for men and women. This study aimed to estimate associations between SUDs and suicide for men and women receiving Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care. DESIGN: A cohort study using national administrative health records...
March 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300008/prevalence-of-suicide-attempt-and-clinical-characteristics-of-suicide-attempters-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-report-from-the-international-college-of-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum-disorders-icocs
#19
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Beatrice Benatti, Chiara Arici, Carlotta Palazzo, A Carlo Altamura, Eric Hollander, Naomi Fineberg, Dan J Stein, Humberto Nicolini, Nuria Lanzagorta, Donatella Marazziti, Stefano Pallanti, Michael van Ameringen, Christine Lochner, Oguz Karamustafalioglu, Luchezar Hranov, Martijn Figee, Lynne Drummond, Carolyn I Rodriguez, John Grant, Damiaan Denys, Jose M Menchon, Joseph Zohar
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with variable risk of suicide and prevalence of suicide attempt (SA). The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of SA and associated sociodemographic and clinical features in a large international sample of OCD patients. METHODS: A total of 425 OCD outpatients, recruited through the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS) network, were assessed and categorized in groups with or without a history of SA, and their sociodemographic and clinical features compared through Pearson's chi-squared and t tests...
March 16, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299961/an-excessive-risk-of-suicide-may-no-longer-be-a-reality-for-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#20
Shoshannah Kalson-Ray, Gilles Edan, Emmanuelle Leray
BACKGROUND: Few recent studies have shown that there is no longer an increased risk of suicide in patients affected with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES: To describe suicide cases within a large French MS cohort and assess whether MS patients are at a higher risk of suicide compared with the general population. METHODS: Data derives from a study on long-term mortality of 27,603 prevalent cases from 15 MS specialist centres. Of 1,569 deceased MS patients (5...
March 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
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