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Suicide risk assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909449/association-between-dsm-iv-anxiety-disorders-and-suicidal-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-south-korean-adults
#1
Seong-Jin Cho, Jin Pyo Hong, Jun-Young Lee, Jeong Soo Im, Kyoung-Sae Na, Jee Eun Park, Maeng Je Cho
OBJECTIVE: There are conflicting reports about whether individual anxiety disorders are independently associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. We examined whether anxiety disorders are related to suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a community sample of South Korean adults. METHODS: In-person interviews based on the South Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview were conducted to diagnose mental disorders. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to examine whether anxiety disorders were associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908442/-poor-self-esteem-is-correlated-with-suicide-intent-independently-from-the-severity-of-depression
#2
C Perrot, L Vera, P Gorwood
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major Public Health concern, and low self-esteem might represent a major risk factor. Our main objective was to assess the correlation between self-esteem and suicide intent. More specifically, we aimed to examine the relationship between the different dimensions of self-esteem (total, general, familial, professional and social) and suicide intent. We also sought the role of depression in the relationship of self-esteem to suicide intent. METHOD: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at a suicide prevention department at the CMME (Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, France)...
November 28, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907031/in-vitro-pre-clinical-validation-of-suicide-gene-modified-anti-cd33-redirected-chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cells-for-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#3
Kentaro Minagawa, Muhammad O Jamil, Mustafa Al-Obaidi, Larisa Pereboeva, Donna Salzman, Harry P Erba, Lawrence S Lamb, Ravi Bhatia, Shin Mineishi, Antonio Di Stasi
BACKGROUND: Approximately fifty percent of patients with acute myeloid leukemia can be cured with current therapeutic strategies which include, standard dose chemotherapy for patients at standard risk of relapse as assessed by cytogenetic and molecular analysis, or high-dose chemotherapy with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant for high-risk patients. Despite allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant about 25% of patients still succumb to disease relapse, therefore, novel strategies are needed to improve the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899001/drug-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Greg Atkinson, Bernd Richter, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Louise Baur, Nicholas Finer, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of drug interventions for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed (subsets not available on Ovid), LILACS as well as the trial registers ICTRP (WHO) and ClinicalTrials.gov. Searches were undertaken from inception to March 2016...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894372/affective-lability-mediates-the-association-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicide-attempts-mixed-episodes-and-co-morbid-anxiety-disorders-in-bipolar-disorders
#5
M Aas, C Henry, F Bellivier, M Lajnef, S Gard, J-P Kahn, T V Lagerberg, S R Aminoff, T Bjella, M Leboyer, O A Andreassen, I Melle, B Etain
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown associations between a history of childhood trauma and more severe or complex clinical features of bipolar disorders (BD), including suicide attempts and earlier illness onset. However, the psychopathological mechanisms underlying these associations are still unknown. Here, we investigated whether affective lability mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and the severe clinical features of BD. METHOD: A total of 342 participants with BD were recruited from France and Norway...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888724/the-role-of-physical-and-mental-health-multimorbidity-in-suicidal-ideation
#6
Katerina Kavalidou, Daniel J Smith, Rory C O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Previous research has focused on the separate roles of mental illness and physical health conditions in suicide risk, with relatively few studies investigating the importance of physical and psychiatric disorder co-occurrence. We aimed to investigate whether suicidal ideation might be influenced by physical and mental ill-health multimorbidity. METHODS: Data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey of England were analysed. Participants who responded to the suicidal thoughts question were grouped into four distinct categories based on their health conditions (Common mental disorders (CMD) only, physical health conditions only, CMD/physical health multimorbidity and a control group with neither physical nor mental health conditions)...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884498/early-sexual-debut-and-associated-risk-behaviors-among-sexual-minority-youth
#7
Richard Lowry, Richard Dunville, Leah Robin, Laura Kann
INTRODUCTION: Early sexual debut, sexual risk taking, substance use, violent victimization, and suicidal behaviors are more prevalent among sexual minority than sexual nonminority youth. Although associations between early sexual debut and these risk behaviors exist, little is known about such associations among sexual minority youth. This study examined these associations among sexual minority U.S. high school students and their sexual nonminority peers. METHODS: In 2015, the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey included questions assessing sexual orientation for the first time...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883927/randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-alcohol-self-harm-and-hiv-prevention-program-for-teens-in-mental-health-treatment
#8
Christianne Esposito-Smythers, Wendy Hadley, Timothy W Curby, Larry K Brown
Adolescents with mental health conditions represent a high-risk group for substance use, deliberate self-harm (DSH), and risky sexual behavior. Mental health treatment does not uniformly decrease these risks. Effective prevention efforts are needed to offset the developmental trajectory from mental health problems to these behaviors. This study tested an adjunctive cognitive-behavioral family-based alcohol, DSH, and HIV prevention program (ASH-P) for adolescents in mental healthcare. A two group randomized design was used to compare ASH-P to an assessment only control (AO-C)...
November 12, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883222/alcohol-misuse-and-co-occurring-mental-disorders-among-new-soldiers-in-the-u-s-army
#9
Murray B Stein, Laura Campbell-Sills, Joel Gelernter, Feng He, Steven G Heeringa, Matthew J Nock, Nancy A Sampson, Xiaoying Sun, Sonia Jain, Ronald C Kessler, Robert J Ursano
BACKGROUND: Problem drinking that predates enlistment into military service may contribute to the overall burden of alcohol misuse in the Armed Forces; however, evidence bearing on this issue is limited. This study examines prevalence and correlates of alcohol misuse among new U.S. Army soldiers. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data were collected from soldiers reporting for basic combat training. The survey retrospectively assessed lifetime alcohol consumption and substance abuse/dependence, enabling estimation of the prevalence of lifetime binge drinking and heavy drinking in a sample of 30,583 soldiers and of probable alcohol use disorder (AUD) among 26,754 soldiers with no/minimal lifetime use of other drugs...
November 24, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883207/interpersonal-psychological-theory-alexithymia-and-personality-predict-suicide-ideation-among-maladjusted-soldiers-in-taiwan
#10
Kai-Cheng Huang, Dong-Sheng Tzeng, Chi-Hung Lin, Wei-Ching Chung
This case-control study enrolled 226 maladjusted soldiers and 229 controls to investigate the impact of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide, alexithymia, personality, and childhood trauma on suicide risk among Taiwanese soldiers. Assessments included the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Eysenck Personality Inventory, Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and Brief Symptom Rating Scale. In addition to thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, other risks included less extraversion with higher neuroticism, higher alexithymia, poor academic performance, domestic violence, and life-threatening events...
November 24, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881107/risk-of-repeated-self-harm-and-associated-factors-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults
#11
Marco Bennardi, Elaine McMahon, Paul Corcoran, Eve Griffin, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Repeated self-harm represents the single strongest risk factor for suicide. To date no study with full national coverage has examined the pattern of hospital repeated presentations due to self-harm among young people. METHODS: Data on consecutive self-harm presentations were obtained from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland. Socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics of individuals aged 10-29 years who presented with self-harm to emergency departments in Ireland (2007-2014) were analysed...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875034/risk-factors-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-patients-with-cancer
#12
Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Shu-Fen Wu, Shu-Ling Hung, Hsing-Yu Yang, Hong-Yu Tung
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of PTSS and to identify demographics, disease history, and clinical symptoms that were associated with PTSS among gynecological, breast, or colorectal cancer patients in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: Literature indicated that 7.3 % to 35.2% of patients with cancer had experienced level of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, the PTSS among patients with cancer in Taiwan was not documented. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872937/major-depression-in-primary-care-making-the-diagnosis
#13
Chung Wai Mark Ng, Choon How How, Yin Ping Ng
Major depression is a common condition seen in the primary care setting, often presenting with somatic symptoms. It is potentially a chronic illness with considerable morbidity, and a high rate of relapse and recurrence. Major depression has a bidirectional relationship with chronic diseases, and a strong association with increased age and coexisting mental illnesses (e.g. anxiety disorders). Screening can be performed using clinical tools for major depression, such as the Patient Health Questionaire-2, Patient Health Questionaire-9 and Beck Depression Inventory, so that timely treatment can be initiated...
November 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869460/correction-to-tsypes-et-al-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Neural Responses to Gains and Losses in Children of Suicide Attempters" by Aliona Tsypes, Max Owens, Greg Hajcak and Brandon E. Gibb (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Nov 3, 2016, np). In the original article, Figure 1 had incorrect axis labels. There was also an error in the abstract, which did not state that ΔFN was calculated as FN to losses minus FN to gains. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-53087-001...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863316/is-the-war-really-over-a-20-year-longitudinal-study-on-trajectories-of-suicidal-ideation-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-combat
#15
Avigal Snir, Yossi Levi-Belz, Zahava Solomon
Combat stress reaction (CSR) has widespread long-term consequences, including profound psychopathology in the form of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies have established the link between combat, PTSD, and suicidality. However, little is known about the temporal course of suicidal ideation (SI) in general, specifically among war veterans. We aimed to trace the trajectories of SI in the aftermath of war and to explore the role of CSR and PTSD in SI trajectories. Israeli veterans with CSR (n=164) and a matched control group (NCSR, n=111) were assessed, using self-report measures at three points over the course of 20 years...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859762/death-wishes-among-older-people-assessed-for-home-support-and-long-term-aged-residential-care
#16
Gary Cheung, Siobhan Edwards, Frederick Sundram
OBJECTIVE: Death wishes in older people are common and may progress to suicidal ideation and attempts. This study used routinely collected data from the interRAI Home Care assessment to examine the prevalence and clinical predictors of death wishes in older New Zealanders assessed for home support and long-term aged residential care. METHODS: Data were collected from 35 734 people aged over 65 during 2012-2014. Chi-squared analyses were used to determine significant relationships between the presence of death wishes and demographic factors, health and functional status, and emotional and psychosocial well-being...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858962/a-randomized-trial-of-brief-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-skills-training-in-suicidal-patients-suffering-from-borderline-disorder
#17
Shelley F McMain, Tim Guimond, Ryan Barnhart, Liat Habinski, David L Streiner
OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based therapies for borderline personality disorder (BPD) are lengthy and scarce. Data on brief interventions are limited, and their role in the treatment of BPD is unclear. Our aim was therefore to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of brief dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) skills training as an adjunctive intervention for high suicide risk in patients with BPD. METHOD: Eighty-four out-patients were randomized to 20 weeks of DBT skills (n = 42) or a waitlist (WL; n = 42)...
November 13, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854557/history-of-lifetime-suicide-attempt-in-bipolar-i-disorder-its-correlates-and-effect-on-illness-course
#18
Shivanand Kattimani, Karthick Subramanian, Siddharth Sarkar, Ravi Philip Rajkumar, Shanmuganathan Balasubramanian
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence and correlates of bipolar I patients with a lifetime history of suicide attempt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bipolar I disorder was diagnosed in 150 patients as per DSM-IV-TR criteria. Their lifetime suicide risk was assessed using the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale. NIMH retrospective Life Chart Methodology was used to chart the illness course. Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used to assess the recent adherence and subjective sleep quality, respectively...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852002/risk-factors-for-child-mental-health-problems-in-lithuania-the-role-of-parental-nationality
#19
Viviane Kovess Masfety, Sigita Lesinskiene, Mathilde M Husky, Anders Boyd, Phuong Ha, Christophe Fermanian, Ondine Pez
BACKGROUND: We compare the mental health status of children who reside in Lithuania with parents who are either Lithuanian nationals or non-Lithuanian nationals. METHOD: Data were drawn from the School Child Mental Health Europe survey (SCMHE), a cross-sectional survey of school children aged 6-11years. A total of 1152 Lithuanian children participated, among them 11.7% from a non-Lithuanian family. Child mental health was assessed using the Dominique Interactive (DI) and the parent- and teacher Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
October 26, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843348/the-danish-schizophrenia-registry
#20
REVIEW
Lone Baandrup, Charlotte Cerqueira, Lea Haller, Lene Korshøj, Inge Voldsgaard, Merete Nordentoft
AIM OF DATABASE: To systematically monitor and improve the quality of treatment and care of patients with schizophrenia in Denmark. In addition, the database is accessible as a resource for research. STUDY POPULATION: Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and receiving mental health care in psychiatric hospitals or outpatient clinics. During the first year after the diagnosis, patients are classified as incident patients, and after this period as prevalent patients...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
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