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Suicide risk assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232575/dual-factor-model-of-mental-health-co-occurrence-of-positive-mental-health-and-suicide-ideation-in-inpatients-and-outpatients
#1
Tobias Teismann, Julia Brailovskaia, Paula Siegmann, Peter Nyhuis, Marcus Wolter, Ulrike Willutzki
Positive and negative mental health are independent but correlated concepts. Yet, it is unknown whether positive mental health does co-occur with suicide ideation. The present study aimed to determine the proportion of patients who have positive mental health as well as suicide ideation. Inpatients (N=100) and outpatients (N=182) completed self-report measures of positive mental health, suicide ideation and lifetime suicide attempts. Eleven outpatients (6%) and ten inpatients (10%) with suicide ideation reported moderate to high levels of positive mental health...
December 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228916/physical-and-psychosomatic-health-outcomes-in-people-bereaved-by-suicide-compared-to-people-bereaved-by-other-modes-of-death-a-systematic-review
#2
Ailbhe Spillane, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Fiona Riordan, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted into the physical health implications of suicide bereavement compared to other causes of death. There is some evidence that suicide bereaved parents have higher morbidity, particularly in terms of chronic illness. This systematic review aims to examine the physical and psychosomatic morbidities of people bereaved by a family member's suicide and compare them with family members bereaved by other modes of death. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from 1985 to February 2016...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225443/perceived-stress-in-black-and-latino-male-firefighters-associations-with-risk-and-protective-factors
#3
Consuelo Arbona, Christine Pao, Amanda Long, Norma Olvera
Objective: To compare the prevalence of work-related protective and risk factors among Black and Latino male firefighters and to examine the association of these factors to perceived stress among both ethnic groups. Design Setting Participants: Participants included 1,036 male, career firefighters who self-identified as Black (n=477) or Latino (n=559) from a large fire department in a major metropolitan city in the southwestern United States. As part of a department-wide suicide prevention program conducted in 2008, participants completed an anonymous and voluntary mental health needs survey...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222633/characterising-youth-with-callous-unemotional-traits-and-concurrent-anxiety-evidence-for-a-high-risk-clinical-group
#4
Charlotte A M Cecil, Eamon J McCrory, Edward D Barker, Jo Guiney, Essi Viding
Growing evidence supports the existence of two variants of youth with high callous-unemotional (CU) traits who present with markedly different risk profiles and outcomes, with potential implications for risk assessment and treatment formulation. So far, studies have identified variants of CU youth mainly using data-driven cluster approaches based on levels of CU traits and co-occurring anxiety. Yet, the extent to which this knowledge may be translated into clinical practice is unclear. To this end, the present study employed a severity-based, cut-off approach to systematically characterise CU groups across a range of clinically informative domains, including trauma history, psychiatric symptomatology, affective functioning, attachment style and behavioural risk...
December 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220685/parental-psychopathology-adult-attachment-and-risk-of-12-month-suicidal-behaviours
#5
David Boyda, Danielle Mc Feeters, Katie Dhingra, Niall Galbraith, Danny Hinton
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which parental psychopathology and vulnerability to suicide is transmitted to offspring is not well understood. parental psychopathology and behaviour may impact upon the normal emotional and psychological adjustment of their offspring in various ways. Research shows attachment insecurities may also be a key factor in the facilitation of suicidal behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To examine adult attachment insecurities as a potential mediating pathway between parental psychopathology and 12-month suicidality...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217724/correlation-of-impulsivity-with-self-harm-and-suicidal-attempt-a-community-study-of-adolescents-in-taiwan
#6
Yu-Hsin Huang, Hui-Ching Liu, Fang-Ju Tsai, Fang-Ju Sun, Kuo-Yang Huang, Yu-Ching Chiu, Yen-Hsun Huang, Yo-Ping Huang, Shen-Ing Liu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate differences and similarities in risk factors for deliberate self-harm (DSH) and suicidal attempt (SA), and the role of impulsivity among a group of community adolescents. SETTING: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at high schools in Northern Taiwan. DATA AND PARTICIPANTS: We recruited grade 1 students from 14 high schools. A total of 5879 participants (mean age 16.02 years, female adolescents: 57...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215805/development-of-the-suicide-risk-scale-for-medical-inpatients
#7
Sang Won Park, Jong Ha Lee, Eun Kyoung Lee, Jae Jun Song, Hong Seok Park, Soon Young Hwang, Moon Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: Inpatient suicide is one of the major issues related with hospital patient safety. Although there are many studies addressing suicide in the psychiatric unit, little is known about suicide in a medical setting. This study included the development and validation of a screening tool for the assessment of suicide risk, specialized for medical inpatients. METHODS: The preliminary questionnaire was based on review of previous suicide ideation scales, mood scales, and clinical experiences of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists in Korea...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213530/disease-awareness-may-increase-risk-of-suicide-in-young-onset-dementia-a-case-report
#8
Maria Alice Tourinho Baptista, Raquel Luiza Santos, Nathália Kimura, Isabel Barbeito Lacerda, Marcia Cristina Nascimento Dourado
Studies report that people with young onset Alzheimer's disease (YOAD) have higher levels of disease awareness compared to those with late onset AD. We report a case of a man with YOAD who had preserved awareness of disease, depression and risk of suicide associated with the development of the dementia. Cognitive functioning, disease severity, depressive symptoms and awareness of disease were assessed using validated measures. The person with YOAD showed a moderate level of disease severity and high degree of dependence for activities of daily living...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206686/adverse-childhood-experiences-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Daniel W Hoover, Joan Kaufman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent years have shown an uptick in studies assessing bullying and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This article reviews extant findings, and points to gaps in the literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Children with ASD are bullied by peers at a rate three to four times that of nondisabled peers with negative impacts on academic functioning and mental health symptoms, including increased risk for suicidality...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203213/examining-the-role-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-patients-following-suspected-or-confirmed-suicide-attempts-a-case-series
#10
Adeel Abbasi, Cynthia Devers, Christopher S Muratore, Colin Harrington, Corey E Ventetuolo
The decision to offer extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is based on a risk/benefit assessment and the likelihood of a treatable underlying condition or the feasibility of destination therapy (durable mechanical support or thoracic organ transplantation) should heart-lung function fail to improve. Patients who present following suspected suicide attempts who fail medical therapy may pose a dilemma for clinicians. An assessment to determine if a patient has a high likelihood of psychiatric recovery such that bridging with ECMO or ultimately destination therapy could or should be offered is not always feasible in the setting of critical illness...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202773/process-evaluation-of-the-systematic-medical-appraisal-referral-and-treatment-smart-mental-health-project-in-rural-india
#11
Abha Tewari, Sudha Kallakuri, Siddhardha Devarapalli, Vivekanand Jha, Anushka Patel, Pallab K Maulik
BACKGROUND: Availability of basic mental health services is limited in rural areas of India. Health system and individual level factors such as lack of mental health professionals and infrastructure, poor awareness about mental health, stigma related to help seeking, are responsible for poor awareness and use of mental health services. We implemented a mental health services delivery model that leveraged technology and task sharing to facilitate identification and treatment of common mental disorders (CMDs) such as stress, depression, anxiety and suicide risk in rural areas of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India...
December 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202737/german-beck-scale-for-suicide-ideation-bss-psychometric-properties-from-a-representative-population-survey
#12
Sören Kliem, Anna Lohmann, Thomas Mößle, Elmar Brähler
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation has been identified as one of the major predictors of attempted or actual suicide. Routinely screening individuals for endorsing suicidal thoughts could save lives and protect many from severe psychological consequences following the suicide of loved ones. The aim of this study was to validate the German version of the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS) in a sample representative for the Federal Republic of Germany. METHODS: All 2450 participants completed the first part of the Scale, the BSS-Screen...
December 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202423/suicide-and-self-harm-in-nepal-a-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Suresh Thapaliya, Pawan Sharma, Kapil Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Suicide and self harm behavior has become a major public health issue in recent years in Nepal. This small south Asian country was ranked 7th by suicide rate globally by the 2014 World Health Organization report with an estimated 6,840 suicides annually, or 24.9 suicides per 100,000 people. We decided to explore the epidemiology of suicidal behaviour and self harm, modes of attempt, associated risk factors and trends in specific population. METHODOLOGY: Two researchers independently reviewed 47 studies published in the US National Library of Medicine's PubMed electronic Database and Google Scholar till December 2016...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197214/nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-adolescents-undergoing-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-prevalence-gender-distribution-and-comorbidities
#14
Kathrin Sevecke, Astrid Bock, Lucas Fenzel, Manuela Gander, Martin Fuchs
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research points toward nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents as an important and frequent health-related risk factor. In 2013, NSSI was proposed in section 3 of the DSM-5 as a new diagnostic entity warranting further study. In line with that goal, the present study was conducted in order to evaluate prevalence, gender distribution and comorbidities of NSSI in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 130 adolescents (mean age 15...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196062/childhood-maltreatment-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Richard T Liu, Katie M Scopelliti, Sarah K Pittman, Alejandra S Zamora
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury is being increasingly recognised as a prominent public health concern. Identification of early and modifiable risk factors is necessary to advance the screening and intervention efforts, particularly early detection of at-risk individuals. We aimed to examine childhood maltreatment, including its specific subtypes, in relation to non-suicidal self-injury. METHODS: We did a comprehensive meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment (overall, sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect, and emotional abuse and neglect) in association with non-suicidal self-injury...
November 28, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195773/cognitive-deficits-in-bipolar-disorders-implications-for-emotion
#16
REVIEW
Isabela M M Lima, Andrew D Peckham, Sheri L Johnson
Prominent cognitive deficits have been documented in bipolar disorder, and multiple studies suggest that these deficits can be observed among non-affected first-degree relatives of those with bipolar disorder. Although there is variability in the degree of cognitive deficits, these deficits are robustly relevant for functional outcomes. A separate literature documents clear difficulties in emotionality, emotion regulation, and emotion-relevant impulsivity within bipolar disorder, and demonstrates that these emotion-relevant variables are also central to outcome...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193261/metaanalysis-of-mood-and-substance-use-disorders-in-proximal-risk-for-suicide-deaths
#17
Kenneth R Conner, Jeffrey A Bridge, Dustin J Davidson, Carly Pilcher, David A Brent
Evidence for proximal risk factors for suicide is based on case-control psychological autopsy studies, with these reports showing that mood and substance use disorders are the most prevalent mental disorders among suicide decedents worldwide and are associated with marked risk. However, moderators of risk and the degree of risk associated with (nonalcohol) drug use disorder are unknown. A comprehensive search was used to identify 35 case-control psychological autopsy studies published worldwide over a 30-year period that were metaanalyzed using random effects models...
November 28, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184695/demographic-and-clinical-factors-associated-with-suicide-in-gastric-cancer-in-the-united-states
#18
REVIEW
Mallory B Bowden, Nathaniel J Walsh, Andrew J Jones, Asif M Talukder, Andrew G Lawson, Edward J Kruse
While increased suicidal tendencies among cancer patients have been well documented, there has been no specific examination of suicide and gastric cancer. The purpose of this study is to characterize suicide incidence among patients diagnosed with gastric cancer from 1973 to 2013 and identify variables associated with higher suicide rates. Patients with gastric cancer were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database of the National Cancer Institute. The study included clinical and demographic data from 1973 to 2013...
October 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183242/blurred-boundaries-a-qualitative-study-of-how-acts-of-self-harm-and-attempted-suicide-are-defined-by-mental-health-practitioners
#19
Karen James, Duncan Stewart
BACKGROUND: There is no commonly accepted definition of the term self-harm, and there is an ongoing debate about whether or not it should include acts of attempted suicide. The use of this language in clinical practice has not previously been explored. AIMS: To investigate if, and how, practitioners distinguish between acts of self-harm and attempted suicide, and present any implications for practice. METHOD: We conducted semistructured interviews with a random sample of 18 frontline practitioners from 10 mental health wards and completed a thematic analysis of interview data...
November 29, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183240/enhanced-train-and-hope-for%C3%A2-scalable-cost-effective-professional-development-in-youth-suicide-prevention
#20
Molly Adrian, Aaron R Lyon, Semret Nicodimos, Michael D Pullmann, Elizabeth McCauley
BACKGROUND: The knowledge base surrounding how to most effectively prepare and sustain practitioner knowledge and skills for suicide risk assessment and management is limited. AIMS: This study examined the impact of a 6-hr continuing education training, and the effect of a posttraining reminder system, on mental health practitioners' knowledge, attitudes, and behavior surrounding suicide assessment and intervention. METHOD: Data were obtained prior to the training, immediately after the training, and at the 3-month follow-up...
November 29, 2017: Crisis
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