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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403529/new-hydrocolloid-based-emulsions-for-replacing-fat-in-panna-cottas-a-structural-and-sensory-study
#1
Jennifer Borreani, Isabel Hernando, Ana Salvador, Amparo Quiles
BACKGROUND: Dairy desserts are popular traditional products but because of their high calorie or fat content, they can be unsuitable for people who have certain dietary requirements. The aim of this study was to design panna cottas with similar organoleptic and textural properties to the traditional ones but with a lower fat content, by replacing part of the cream with new emulsions prepared with hydrocolloids (cellulose ethers), namely methylcellulose (MC) and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402599/obtention-and-characterization-of-dried-gels-prepared-with-whey-proteins-honey-and-hydrocolloids-mixture
#2
Ana C Rodriguez, Martín R Torrez, Alba S Navarro, Diego K Yamul
BACKGROUND: Large amounts of honey and liquid whey derived from the dairy industry are produced in Argentina. Honey is exported in bulk and whey is transformed into whey protein concentrates and isolates. The objective of this work was to investigate the effect of pH, composition and storage time on the properties of dried gels with honey, whey proteins and hydrocolloids. RESULTS: Colour properties varied according to pH and composition. The fracture stress of the dried gels prepared with corn starch was higher than those prepared with guar gum in all conditions assayed...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384975/perception-of-acceptable-range-of-smiles-by-specialists-general-dentists-and-lay-persons-and-evaluation-of-different-aesthetic-paradigms
#3
Mainak Kanti Saha, Margie Khatri, Suparna Ganguly Saha, Sandeep Dubey, Divya Saxena, Neelam Vijaywargiya, Shubham Kala
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important goals of restorative dentistry is to restore the patient's aesthetic. Smile analysis is subjective and it differs from person to person. An aesthetic smile involves a harmonious relationship between various parameters including the hard and soft tissues. AIM: The aim of the study was to identify the acceptable range of several smiles (alone and in conjunction with the face) by specialists, general dentists as well as lay persons; and to identify the values of different criteria i...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379607/randomized-clinical-trial-of-autologous-skin-cell-suspension-for-accelerating-re-epithelialization-of-split-thickness-donor-sites
#4
Z Hu, D Guo, P Liu, X Cao, S Li, J Zhu, B Tang
BACKGROUND: Split-thickness skin graft (STSG) is used frequently, but may result in complications at the donor site. Rapid healing of donor-site wounds is critical to relieving morbidity. This study investigated whether autologous skin cell suspension could improve healing of STSG donor-site wounds. METHODS: Between September 2014 and February 2016, patients requiring STSGs were randomized to receive autologous skin cell suspension plus hydrocolloid dressings (experimental group) or hydrocolloid dressings alone (control group) for the donor site...
April 5, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370116/effect-of-angum-gum-in-combination-with-tragacanth-gum-on-rheological-and-sensory-properties-of-ketchup
#5
Ahmadreza Komeilyfard, Mohammad Fazel, Hamidreza Akhavan, Alireza Mousakhani Ganjeh
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Angum gum (AnG) alone and in combination with tragacanth gum (TG) on the stability, texture, sensory, and rheological properties of tomato ketchup. AnG, TG, and Angum gum and tragacanth gum mixture (AnGT; 1:1 ratio) were added at levels of 0.5, 1, and 1.5%. Ten tomato ketchup formulations were produced: control (without hydrocolloid), AnG (0.5-1.5%), TG (0.5-1.5%), AnGT (0.5-1.5%). It was observed that the hydrocolloids addition to tomato ketchup significantly decreased the Bostwick consistency value and serum separation at 2200, 5000, and 8800 g...
April 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370115/the-effect-of-arabic-gum-on-frozen-dough-properties-and-the-sensory-assessments-of-the-bread-produced
#6
Hamid Reza Tavakoli, Nematollah Jonaidi Jafari, Hassan Hamedi
The use of hydrocolloids in frozen dough has become frequent as bread improvers due to their anti-staling effect. Nevertheless, the impact of both different frozen storage and Arabic gum level in non-prefermented flat dough with following thawing procedure have not been studied. This work intended to study the effect of three different ratio of Arabic gum on rheological properties of 1, 7, and 30 days of frozen storage and the quality of the bread made from. In order to gain the least detrimental effects on gluten network, we used rapid rate freezing and microwave heating in thawing stage...
April 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370113/structure-influence-on-mechanical-and-acoustic-properties-of-freeze-dried-gels-obtained-with-the-use-of-hydrocolloids
#7
Agnieszka Ciurzyńska, Agata Marzec, Arleta Mieszkowska, Andrzej Lenart
The influence of the structure formed by the type of hydrocolloids (low-methoxyl pectin, the mixture of xanthan gum, and locust bean gum, and mixture of xanthan gum, and guar gum) and the aeration time (3, 5, 7, and 9 min) on textural properties of freeze-dried gels were investigated. The hardest texture generating the strongest acoustic emission was obtained by freeze-dried pectin gel, characterised by the lowest porosity and the largest pore diameter. Aeration time significantly affected mechanical and acoustic properties of the pectin gel lyophilisate...
April 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370112/solubilization-of-bovine-gelatin-using-power-ultrasound-gelation-without-heating
#8
Asgar Farahnaky, Fatemeh Zendeboodi, Rezvan Azizi, Gholamreza Mesbahi, Mahsa Majzoobi
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of power ultrasound without using any heating stage in solubilizeing gelatin dispersions, and to characterize the mechanical and microstructural properties of the resulting gels using texture analysis and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. Usually to prepare a gel from gelatin, a primary heating stage of at about 40C or above is required to solubilize gelatin macromolecules. In this study solubilizing gelatin dispersions using power ultrasound without any heating was successfully performed...
April 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363533/multi-layer-mucilage-of-plantago-ovata-seeds-rheological-differences-arise-from-variations-in-arabinoxylan-side-chains
#9
Long Yu, Gleb E Yakubov, Wei Zeng, Xiaohui Xing, John Stenson, Vincent Bulone, Jason R Stokes
Mucilages are hydrocolloid solutions produced by plants for a variety of functions, including the creation of a water-holding barrier around seeds. Here we report our discovery of the formation of three distinct mucilage layers around Plantago ovata seeds upon their hydration. Each layer is dominated by different arabinoxylans (AXs). These AXs are unusual because they are highly branched and contain β-1,3-linked xylose in their side chains. We show that these AXs have similar monosaccharide and linkage composition, but vary in their polymer conformation...
June 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342017/primary-localized-cutaneous-amyloidosis-a-systematic-treatment-review
#10
REVIEW
Till Weidner, Tanja Illing, Peter Elsner
BACKGROUND: Primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis (PLCA) is characterized by extracellular deposition of heterogenic amyloid proteins in the skin without systemic involvement. Lichen amyloidosis, macular amyloidosis, and (primary localized cutaneous) nodular amyloidosis are different subtypes of PLCA. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the current reported treatment options for PLCA. METHODS: This systematic review was based on a search in the PubMed database for English and German articles from 1985 to 2016...
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338368/alginate-and-whey-protein-based-multilayered-particles-production-characterization-and-resistance-to-ph-ionic-strength-and-artificial-gastric-intestinal-fluid
#11
Gislaine Ferreira Nogueira, Ana Silvia Prata, Carlos Raimundo Ferreira Grosso
Multiple layers of whey protein and sodium alginate were assembled onto gelled alginate microparticles using electrostatic interaction. An experimental design was employed to evaluate the effect of the concentration of both hydrocolloids on the amount of protein that was adsorbed. In the first layer, a higher protein adsorption 32.5% w/w was obtained at pH 3.75. In the multilayered particle, the protein adsorbed reached 64.9% w/w. An analysis of protein solubilization verified that 22% w/w was solubilized at an acidic pH (pH 2...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333156/an-in-vitro-bacterial-surface-migration-assay-underneath-sterile-barrier-material-commonly-found-in-a-hospital-setting
#12
J D Shih, L S Y Wood, C L Dambkowski, S Torres, E F Chehab, R Venook, J K Wall
OBJECTIVE: To determine what barrier material used in hospital neonatal intensive care units most effectively blocks bacterial migration. STUDY DESIGN: Bacterial migration distance was compared across simple and complex solid media using Escherichia coli, an early and common neonatal gut colonizer, and Staphylococcus aureus, a common skin bacterium, across polystyrene, medical-grade silicone, hydrocolloid dressing and transparent film dressing as barrier materials on complex solid media...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326150/creating-accurate-flap-designs-using-a-hydrocolloid-dressing-as-a-template
#13
Amra Kuc, Jared Gopman, Deniz Dayicioglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295383/recovery-of-pectic-hydrocolloids-and-phenolics-from-huanglongbing-related-dropped-citrus-fruit
#14
Randall G Cameron, Hoa K Chau, Arland T Hotchkiss, John A Manthey
BACKGROUND: Citrus preharvest fruit drop, caused by Huanglongbing infection, has increased dramatically concomitant with declining tree health and crop harvest size. This loss of harvestable fruit is damaging to both growers and juice processors. Recovering and converting this fruit to alternative value added products would benefit the citrus industry. Therefore, we have explored the potential for using this fruit as a feedstock in our newly developed pilot scale continuous steam explosion process...
March 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288453/medical-treatment-of-tattoo-complications
#15
Jørgen Serup
Tattooing is a skin trauma and involves a special vulnus punctatum (with inserted tattoo ink, a vulnus venenatum), which should heal with no infection and no local complication. Local treatment in the healing phase ideally builds on the 'moist wound' principle using plastic film, hydrocolloids, silver dressing, and compression. Bacterial infections during healing are treated with oral antibiotics, and a list of first-line antibiotics is proposed. Notice is given to severe infections with affected general condition, and it is emphasized that intravenous antibiotic treatment must be instituted as early as possible to prevent septic shock and death...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271816/an-overview-on-application-of-natural-substances-incorporated-with-electrospun-nanofibrous-scaffolds-to-development-of-innovative-wound-dressings
#16
Nosratollah Zarghami, Roghayeh Sheervalilou, Amir Fattahi, Abbas Mohajeri, Mehdi Dadashpour, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi
Conventional dressings are cost-effective and highly absorbent, but not effectual enough to promote hemostasis, adherence and in holding a moist wound bed. Thanks to the developments in the field of nanotechnology and bioengineering, one of the promising current trends is to move progress of innovative wound dressings, merging the application of traditional healing agents and modern products/practices, such as hydrocolloids, hydrogels, films and nanofibers. The electrospun nanofibers webs can provide the essential parameters require for wound dressing to heal wounds including absorptivity, oxygen permeability, and non-adherence to the healing tissue, barrier to bacteria, bioactivity and occlusivity...
March 8, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253188/clinical-assessment-of-the-gingival-contours-and-proximal-contact-areas-in-the-maxillary-anterior-dentition
#17
Ranganath Venugopal, Arshia Zainab A Jameel Ahmed, Ashish S Nichani
Gingival display has been identified as a critical element in a beautiful smile and thus in facial esthetics. The present study aimed to assess the gingival line angle (GLA); the distance between the gingival zenith of maxillary lateral incisor and the gingival line (LID); and the ratio between the height of the proximal contact area (PCA) and crown length, referred to as the proximal contact area proportion (PCAP). Fifty patients, aged 21-30 years, were recruited for study. Maxillary impressions were made using irreversible hydrocolloid and poured in dental stone, and facebow records were used to mount the master casts in an articulator...
March 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231182/overview-on-the-general-approaches-to-improve-gluten-free-pasta-and-bread
#18
REVIEW
Lucia Padalino, Amalia Conte, Matteo Alessandro Del Nobile
The use of gluten-free products is increasing since a growing number of people are suffering from celiac disease and thereby need gluten-free diet. Gluten is responsible for the visco-elastic characteristics of wheat-based products; therefore, its lack makes the gluten-free products not similar to wheat-based product, with scarce textural properties. This reason constitutes the major industrial limitation. Thus, obtaining good-quality gluten-free products represents a technological challenge. This review reports the main strategies adopted to produce high quality gluten-free pasta and bread...
December 9, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225152/topical-phenytoin-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#19
REVIEW
Xiang Yong Hao, Hong Ling Li, He Su, Hui Cai, Tian Kang Guo, Ruifeng Liu, Lei Jiang, Yan Fei Shen
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are common in clinical practice and pose a significant health problem worldwide. Apart from causing suffering to patients, they also result in longer hospital stays and increase the cost of health care. A variety of methods are used for treating pressure ulcers, including pressure relief, patient repositioning, biophysical strategies, nutritional supplementation, debridement, topical negative pressure, and local treatments including dressings, ointments and creams such as bacitracin, silver sulphadiazine, neomycin, and phenytoin...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220564/epidermolysis-bullosa-simplex-complicated-by-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-a-hydrocolloid-dressing
#20
Sabine Müller, Dimitra Kiritsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Contact Dermatitis
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