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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542285/educating-early-childhood-care-and-education-providers-to-improve-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-reporting-child-maltreatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Ben Mathews, Chengwu Yang, Erik B Lehman, Claudia Mincemoyer, Nicole Verdiglione, Benjamin H Levi
Early childhood care and education providers (CCPs) work with over 7 million young children. These children are vulnerable to physical, sexual and emotional abuse, and neglect. However, CCPs make less than 1% of all reports of suspected child abuse and neglect that are made to child protective services. CCPs are therefore an untapped resource in the public health response to child maltreatment. However, their knowledge and attitudes about duties to report child maltreatment are poorly understood. Moreover, no rigorous research has tested whether their knowledge and attitudes about reporting child maltreatment can be improved...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539993/effectiveness-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-on-stereotyped-and-repetitive-behaviors-of-pre-school-children-with-autism-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Hadi Zarafshan, Maryam Salmanian, Soudeh Aghamohammadi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Seyed-Ali Mostafavi
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to review the literature on non-pharmacological interventions used to treat stereotyped and repetitive behaviors by a systematic method. METHODS: Two authors independently performed a search strategy on Medline/PubMed, Scopus and PsycINFO on English articles published up to April 23, 2014 with relevant search keywords. We also reviewed the bibliographies of retrieved articles and conference proceedings to obtain additional citations and references...
March 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538393/a-comparison-of-extraluminal-and-intraluminal-use-of-the-uniblocker-in-left-thoracic-surgery-a-consort-compliant-article
#3
Zhuo Liu, WenSheng He, QianQian Jia, XiaoChun Yang, ShuJuan Liang, XiuLi Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety issues concerning extraluminal use of the Uniblocker for one-lung ventilation (OLV) in the left thoracic surgery. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing elective left thoracic surgery were included in this study, and all patients were randomly allocated to extraluminal use of Uniblocker group (E group, n = 20) or intraluminal use of Uniblocker group (I group, n = 20). Time for intubation, time for verification of the correct position of Uniblocker, incidence of Uniblocker displacement, index of pulmonary collapse, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, peak airway pressure, oxygen saturation in two-lung ventilation, and 30 minutes after OLV, bronchial damage after OLV, sore throat, and hoarseness postoperative were recorded...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538360/consort-may-stereotactic-intracavity-administration-of-antibiotics-shorten-the-course-of-systemic-antibiotic-therapy-for-brain-abscesses
#4
Xin Yu, Rui Liu, Yaming Wang, Hulin Zhao, Jinhui Chen, Jianning Zhang, Chenhao Hu
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in surgical techniques in the management of the brain abscess, continuous systemic long-term antibiotics are necessary and crucial. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of intracavity administration of high-dose antibiotics on the course of antibiotic therapy. METHODS: Between 2003 and 2013, 55 patients with bacterial brain abscesses (83 abscesses) were treated with stereotactic aspiration and intracavity injection of high-dose antibiotics combined with a short course systemic antibiotic therapy...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532739/quality-of-missing-data-reporting-and-handling-in-palliative-care-trials-demonstrates-that-further-development-of-the-consort-missing-data-reporting-guidance-is-required-a-systematic-review
#5
Jamilla A Hussain, Martin Bland, Dean Langan, Miriam J Johnson, David C Currow, Ian R White
OBJECTIVES: Assess (i) the quality of reporting and handling missing data in palliative care trials against current guidance, (ii) whether there are differences in the reporting of criteria specified by the CONSORT 2010 statement compared to those not specified, (iii) the association of the reporting of missing data with journal impact factor and CONSORT endorsement status. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of palliative care randomised controlled trials...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521180/predictive-factors-for-reporting-adverse-events-following-spinal-manipulation-in-randomized-clinical-trials-secondary-analysis-of-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Lindsay M Gorrell, Benjamin Brown, Reidar P Lystad, Roger M Engel
While spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is recommended for the treatment of spinal disorders, concerns exist about adverse events associated with the intervention. Adequate reporting of adverse events in clinical trials would allow for more accurate estimations of incidence statistics through meta-analysis. However, it is not currently known if there are factors influencing adverse events reporting following SMT in randomized clinical trials (RCTs). Thus our objective was to investigate predictive factors for the reporting of adverse events in published RCTs involving SMT...
May 11, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520689/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#7
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but it is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (1) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (2) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494848/standards-of-reporting-kampo-products-stork-in-research-articles
#8
Yoshiharu Motoo, Takashi Hakamatsuka, Nobuo Kawahara, Ichiro Arai, Kiichiro Tsutani
There had been no standardized rules for citing ethical Kampo products used in clinical trials in journal articles. Although the name of a Kampo manufacturer was described in 77.9% of research articles, the name and ratios of crude drug components of Kampo formulas were not described in 77.5% of these papers. Considering the importance of proper characterization of interventions in the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) checklist, we hereby propose the use of the Standards of Reporting Kampo Products (STORK) website, http://mpdb...
May 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494538/the-exposome-and-the-future-of-epidemiology-a-vision-and-prospect
#9
Kyoung-Nam Kim, Yun-Chul Hong
It is widely accepted that relatively small parts of chronic diseases can be explained by genetic factors alone. Although environmental exposures are important to evaluate chronic diseases comprehensively, they are not assessed with sufficient comprehensiveness and accuracy in contrast to genome. To emphasize the importance of more complete evaluation of environmental exposure, the concept of exposome, which indicates the entirety of environmental exposure from conception onwards, was introduced in 2005. Since 2010s, several epidemiological studies, such as the Human Early-Life Exposome (HELIX) project, have applied the exposome concept...
May 3, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489337/quality-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-eating-disorder-prevention
#10
REVIEW
Hunna J Watson, Erica L Goodman, Nicole B McLagan, Tara Joyce, Elizabeth French, Vivienne Willan, Sarah J Egan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of eating disorder prevention. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in Medline, PsycINFO, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Collaboration Library to January 2016. Studies were included if they were RCTs that tested an eating disorder prevention program. We identified 96 studies with a total 15,350 participants (91% female, M age = 17 years) and rated quality with the Quality Rating Scale (QRS; Moncrieff et al...
May 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489030/a-review-of-recruitment-adherence-and-drop-out-rates-in-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-trials-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
REVIEW
Inge S M van der Wurff, Barbara J Meyer, Renate H M de Groot
INTRODUCTION: The influence of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) supplementation on health outcomes has been studied extensively with randomized controlled trials (RCT). In many research fields, difficulties with recruitment, adherence and high drop-out rates have been reported. However, what is unknown is how common these problems are in n-3 LCPUFA supplementation studies in children and adolescents. Therefore, this paper will review n-3 LCPUFA supplementation studies in children and adolescents with regard to recruitment, adherence and drop-out rates...
May 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487452/in-veterinary-trials-reporting-and-communication-regarding-randomisation-procedures-is-suboptimal
#12
N Di Girolamo, M A Giuffrida, A L Winter, R Meursinge Reynders
To evaluate randomisation mechanisms in the veterinary literature, all trials defined as 'randomised' were extracted from five leading veterinary journals for the year 2013. Three blinded investigators evaluated (1) if the random sequence generation was actually non-random, and (2) whether method (CONSORT item 8A) and (3) type of randomisation (CONSORT item 8B) were reported. Trialists were contacted via email to establish (1) willingness to respond to questions on randomisation procedures, (2) whether reporting of randomisation improved following a suggestion to use the CONSORT 2010 guideline...
May 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474314/impact-of-caregiving-for-older-people-and-pro-inflammatory-biomarkers-among-caregivers-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Florence Potier, Jean-Marie Degryse, Marie de Saint-Hubert
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that providing care for an older loved one may present a risk to the health of the caregiver. To understand the link between the psychosocial stress of caregiving and damage to the health of caregivers, numerous studies have assessed the presence of inflammatory biomarkers among caregivers. These biomarkers are measured to understand the relationships between the social stress of caregiving and the health of caregivers. OBJECTIVE: To provide a complete summary of the current literature regarding the most clinically relevant pro-inflammatory biomarkers associated with caregiving...
May 4, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464917/assessing-the-quality-of-reports-about-randomized-controlled-trials-of-scalp-acupuncture-treatment-for-vascular-dementia
#14
Young-Nim You, Myung-Rae Cho, Ju-Hyung Park, Gwang-Cheon Park, Min-Yeong Song, Jin-Bong Choi, Chang-Su Na, Jae-Young Han, Jeong-Cheol Shin, Jae-Hong Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the quality of reports about randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of scalp acupuncture (SA) for the treatment of vascular dementia (VD). METHOD: A systematic search of reports published through to December 2015 was performed in eight databases. The quality of RCTs that used SA as an intervention for VD was evaluated based on the 2010 Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) and 2010 Standards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA) guidelines...
May 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458097/treatment-of-internet-gaming-disorder-an-international-systematic-review-and-consort-evaluation
#15
REVIEW
Daniel L King, Paul H Delfabbro, Anise M S Wu, Young Yim Doh, Daria J Kuss, Ståle Pallesen, Rune Mentzoni, Natacha Carragher, Hiroshi Sakuma
Treatment services for Internet gaming disorder are becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide, particularly in East Asia. This international systematic review was designed to appraise the quality standards of the gaming disorder treatment literature, a task previously undertaken by King et al. (2011) prior to the inclusion of Internet gaming disorder in Section III of the DSM-5 and 'Gaming disorder' in the draft ICD-11. The reporting quality of 30 treatment studies conducted from 2007 to 2016 was assessed. Reporting quality was defined according to the 2010 Consolidating Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement...
April 14, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453528/guidance-in-author-instructions-of-hematology-and-oncology-journals-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study
#16
Ingrid Toews, Nadine Binder, Robert F Wolff, Guenes Toprak, Erik von Elm, Joerg J Meerpohl
BACKGROUND: The debate about the value of biomedical publications led to recommendations for improving reporting quality. It is unclear to what extent these recommendations have been endorsed by journals. We analyzed whether specific recommendations were included in author instructions, which journal characteristics were associated with their endorsement, how endorsement of the domains changed and whether endorsement was associated with change of impact factor between 2010 and 2015. METHODS: We considered two study samples consisting of "Hematology" and "Oncology" journals of the Journal Citation Report 2008 and 2014, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450467/quality-of-reporting-in-abstracts-of-rcts-published-in-emergency-medicine-journals-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-survey-of-the-literature
#17
Federico Germini, Maura Marcucci, Marta Fedele, Maria Giulia Galli, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Valentina Salvatori, Giacomo Veronese, Andrew Worster, Lehana Thabane
INTRODUCTION: The quality of reporting of abstracts of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in major general medical journals and in some category-specific journals was shown to be poor before the publication of the ConsolidatedStandards of ReportingTrials (CONSORT) extension for abstracts in 2008, and an improvement in the quality of reporting of abstracts was observed after its publication. The effect of the publication of the CONSORT extension for abstracts on the quality of reporting of RCTs in emergency medicine journals has not been studied...
April 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449030/spillover-effects-on-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#18
Jade Benjamin-Chung, Jaynal Abedin, David Berger, Ashley Clark, Veronica Jimenez, Eugene Konagaya, Diana Tran, Benjamin F Arnold, Alan E Hubbard, Stephen P Luby, Edward Miguel, John M Colford
Background: Many interventions delivered to improve health may benefit not only direct recipients but also people in close physical or social proximity. Our objective was to review all published literature about the spillover effects of interventions on health outcomes in low-middle income countries and to identify methods used in estimating these effects. Methods: We searched 19 electronic databases for articles published before 2014 and hand-searched titles from 2010 to 2013 in five relevant journals...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448857/fifth-ovarian-cancer-consensus-conference-of-the-gynecologic-cancer-intergroup-recommendations-on-incorporating-patient-reported-outcomes-in-clinical-trials-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#19
Florence Joly, Felix Hilpert, Aikou Okamoto, Gavin Stuart, Kasunori Ochiai, Michael Friedlander
Despite the support for including patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and health-related quality of life in clinical trials, there have been deficiencies in how these have been assessed and reported in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) clinical trials. To redress this, the 5th Ovarian Cancer Consensus Conference, included a plenary session entitled 'How to include PROs in clinical trials'. The perspective is a summary of the recommendations made by the Gynecologic Cancer InterGroup unanimously agreed on the importance of PROs and PRO end-points in EOC clinical trials...
June 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433045/-adherence-to-reporting-guidelines-in-perspectives-in-surgery
#20
O Ryska
INTRODUCTION: Reporting guidelines were established to improve the quality of scientific papers. Currently, the most common are CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials), STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) and CARE (Clinical Consensus-based Case Reporting Guideline). Spin can be defined as (un)intentionally biased interpretation of results aimed at convincing readers of a positive benefit of any given intervention. The aim of the study was to evaluate the adherence of papers published in Perspectives in Surgery to CONSORT, STROBE or CARE and to identify the frequency of spin...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
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